Turku University of Applied science is a multidisciplinary higher education institution, located in the city of Turku in the Southwest Finland. The institute began operations as a temporary polytechnic in autumn 1992. At the moment, the establishment has approximately 9,300 students and 700 members of staff, making it one of the largest universities of applied science in Finland.Before 2006-01-10, the institution carried the English name of Turku Polytechnic. Wikipedia.
Salakari M.R.J.,University of Turku |
Surakka T.,Cancer Society of Southwest Finland |
Nurminen R.,Turku University of Applied Sciences |
Pylkkanen L.,Cancer Society of Finland
Acta Oncologica | Year: 2015
Background. In parallel with the rising incidence of cancer and improved treatment, there is a continuous increase in the number of patients living with cancer as a chronic condition. Many cancer patients experience long-term disability and require continuous oncological treatment, care and support. The aim of this review is to evaluate the most recent data on the effects of rehabilitation among patients with advanced cancer. Material and methods. A systematic review was conducted according to Fink's model. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in 2009-2014 were included. Medline/PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched; five groups of keywords were used. The articles were evaluated for outcome and methodological quality. Results. Thirteen RCTs (1169 participants) were evaluated. Most studies were on the effects of physical exercise in patients with advanced cancer (N = 7). Physical exercise was associated with a significant improvement in general wellbeing and quality of life. Rehabilitation had positive effects on fatigue, general condition, mood, and coping with cancer. Conclusions. Rehabilitation is needed also among patients with advanced disease and in palliative care. Exercise improves physical performance and has positive effects on several other quality of life domains. More data and RCTs are needed, but current evidence gives an indication that rehabilitation is suitable and can be recommended for patients living with advanced cancer. © 2015 Informa Healthcare. Source
Lorentz H.,University of Turku |
Lounela J.,Turku University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management | Year: 2011
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify the relevant assessment criteria for retailer supply chain capability from the perspective of foreign food manufacturers, in an emerging market context, and to evaluate the development level of Russian retail chains in this sphere. Design/methodology/approach: The authors use analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for the modelling and research method, with an exploratory workshop for the specification of the model structure, a web-based questionnaire for priority weight development, and semi-structured interviews for the validation of results. A food manufacturing-based focus group participated in the modelling process. Findings: A four-level capability assessment model was created, with operational assessment criteria allocated into management, logistics or marketing categories. The results indicate that management-related criteria have a dominant role in assessing the supply chain capability of a retail chain company. Furthermore, the priority weight of logistics capability is only somewhat higher in comparison to marketing capability, although it is ranked significantly lower in comparison to management capability. Operational level criteria weights are also provided. In terms of the evaluation of Russian retailers, the results indicate the slight dominance of logistics capability over marketing. Research limitations/implications: The research is based on an AHP process with a focus group discussion, implying a limited level of generalisability to other contexts. Practical implications: This research provides practical insight on how to assess retailer supply chain capability in general, and describes the level of development of various capabilities and functional areas among Russian food retailers. Originality/value: Our research provides a framework that may be used in Russia and other emerging market settings to evaluate the capability of retail partners from the manufacturer perspective. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source
Bragard C.,Catholic University of Louvain |
Caciagli P.,CNR Institute of Plant virology |
Lemaire O.,CNRS Vine Health and Wine Quality |
Lopez-Moya J.J.,Center for Research in Agricultural Genomics |
And 4 more authors.
Annual Review of Phytopathology | Year: 2013
Most plant viruses rely on vector organisms for their plant-to-plant spread. Although there are many different natural vectors, few plant virus-vector systems have been well studied. This review describes our current understanding of virus transmission by aphids, thrips, whiteflies, leafhoppers, planthoppers, treehoppers, mites, nematodes, and zoosporic endoparasites. Strategies for control of vectors by host resistance, chemicals, and integrated pest management are reviewed. Many gaps in the knowledge of the transmission mechanisms and a lack of available host resistance to vectors are evident. Advances in genome sequencing and molecular technologies will help to address these problems and will allow innovative control methods through interference with vector transmission. Improved knowledge of factors affecting pest and disease spread in different ecosystems for predictive modeling is also needed. Innovative control measures are urgently required because of the increased risks from vector-borne infections that arise from environmental change. © Copyright ©2013 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Source
Jalonen H.,Turku University of Applied Sciences
VINE | Year: 2014
Purpose – This paper aims to argue that the value of social media in knowledge management (KM) can be evaluated on the basis of how social media helps to overcome four generic knowledge problems – i.e. uncertainty, complexity, ambiguity and equivocality. Drawing upon the relevant KM and social media literature, the paper discusses the four knowledge problems surrounding the KM and presents a framework for overcoming them through social media. Design/methodology/approach – A literature synthesis involving inductive interpretation of qualitative research was used. Findings – The paper shows how different knowledge problems can be approached through social media: uncertainty can be reduced by decent problem formulation and effective information acquisition, complexity can be simplified by increasing knowledge process capacity and decomposing problems, ambiguity can be dissipated by sensemaking and equivocality can be encountered by creating trust and allowing polyphony of perceptions. Research limitations/implications – The paper contributes to the KM research by providing a theoretically founded framework which illustrates the relationship between social media and knowledge problems. Practical implications – The framework can be used not only for identifying and understanding epistemological differences between knowledge problems but also for developing social media guidelines forKMpurposes. The paper provides a categorisation of knowledge problems, which can be applied in the crystallisation of an organisation’s knowledge strategies in terms of codification and personalisation. Originality/value – Social media means not only new possibilities but also new threats to organisations’ KM practices. The paper establishes the association between social media and the management of fundamental knowledge problems not previously discussed. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-NIGHT | Award Amount: 93.99K | Year: 2012
Science Goes Social in Turku, the oldest university town in Finland, with an entertaining scientific programme demonstrating the presence of science in everyday life and envisioning the future, or, Turku Tomorrow . It will remind of the immediate everyday encounters with science through basic demonstrations e.g. in health, virology and hygiene and explore the more constitutive elements of the human experience such as genetics, ethics, even love. TurkuTomorrow is designed around a grand event held at the brand new cultural centre Logomo. The Awareness Campaign utilises social media in introducing 30 nominated researchers, personally and unmediated. They are presented with individual personal histories and ordinary lives, yet standing out from the crowd in communicating that what they want to learn and what they are able to discover will effectively determine our future. The aim of this personal approach is to provide to a simple, low-threshold channel to mobilise the public to take an interest in matters which the average person normally considers distant, too abstract or the property of experts. The project Facebook page serves as a public opinion forum, where science is made political: it encourages everyone to take a stand on issues related to the ethics and the future of research. Turku Tomorrow offers an experience for all senses: each research station at Logomo is an opportunity to participate personally in experiments, competitions, discussions, and performances. Based on the Awareness Campaign, the Night presents Scholastic debates in the Late Antiquity style, addressing the concerns and dilemmas put to the researchers by the public. All participating researchers will be invited in advance to innovate Weak Signals from their respective fields of expertise. The results are turned into a futuristic main event, the Futures Market for Weak Signals, which is a collective visual picture of something new emerging in each research field in Turku.