Akgul A.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Gurer C.,Turkish National Police
Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy | Year: 2014
Policies to prevent the illegal sale and use of drugs are strongly affected by national and international institutions. Different models are possible to design drug policies in different settings. This article is focused on the impact of the European Union (EU) on the emergence of a drug policy institution in Turkey. Specifically, it looks at the accession process of the EU and how the supported projects of the EU have affected the development of Turkey's counter drug policies. The case study method is applied to examine the newly formed drug institution, Turkish Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, which is the main unit of analysis in this research. The objective of this research is to provide insight on the EU's impact on drug policy transfer in Turkey over time. The research shows that the EU has a significant impact on the establishing of the institution and the public policy-making in Turkey. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd.
Karakus O.,Turkish National Police |
McGarrell E.F.,Michigan State University |
Basibuyuk O.,Turkish National Police Academy
Policing | Year: 2011
Purpose: In this study, the aim is to address the void in the comparative literature of criminology and criminal justice by investigating public attitudes toward law enforcement in a rapidly developing country, Turkey. Design/methodology/approach: Three different models of satisfaction with law enforcement, the demographic model, the quality of life model and the experiential model are subjected to empirical scrutiny in the context of policing in Turkey. In line with extant research on satisfaction with law enforcement in the West, all three models significantly explain the variation of satisfaction with law enforcement across a random sample of 6,713 individuals living in urban and rural parts of Turkey. Specifically, the quality of life model and the experiential model had considerable impact on public satisfaction with law enforcement and in general, all three models produced results in the predicted direction. Findings: Overall, the findings suggest the robust nature of the integrated demographic, quality of life, and experiential models in explaining public satisfaction with law enforcement. In the demographic model, however, income and education had significant negative impact on global satisfaction with law enforcement. Considering the fact that more educated and well off citizens are likely to value freedom more and that law enforcement may represent an oppressive part of a democratic government, this might account for the reaction of higher socioeconomic classes to the power distance between the state, the police in particular, and civil society. Originality/value: In terms of policy recommendations, to the extent that community policing is regarded as a set of strategies for improving the quality of police-citizen encounters and reforming police organizations, these findings lend support for the potential of community policing in Turkey. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Ozgul F.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Bowerman C.,University of Wunderland
Proceedings of 2014 IEEE International Conference on Behavioral, Economic, Socio-Cultural Computing, BESC 2014 | Year: 2014
In this paper, we categorized topology of terrorist networks into six because of their ideological, historical and practical similarities by showing them with real terrorist network examples. © 2014 IEEE.
Ozgul F.,Turkish National Police Academy
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2014
Due to the interest by public audience and academic research, there has been a great interest in Terrorist Networks by the academicians, analysts and criminologists. Either to learn how to disrupt or to prevent their activities, structure of these networks are investigated. The final conclusion about their structure and topology came to the fact that they do not resemble each other, but there are categories of them. In this paper, we categorized these networks into six because of their ideologies and common practices. Topologies of these six categories are observed and importance of key players (leaders, financiers, propaganda units and armed units) are compared based on these categories. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014.
Ozeren S.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Sever M.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Yilmaz K.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Sozer A.,Turkish National Police Academy
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism | Year: 2014
Terrorist organizations use a proactive strategy in identifying potential candidates for recruitment. In such a strategy, miscellaneous vulnerabilities, grievances, and feeling destitute, inter alia, render certain individuals perfect candidates for terrorist organizations. It is therefore crucial to have an integrative approach to understand the interplay between the profiles of terrorists and their reasons to join terrorist groups on the one hand and processes of recruitment on the other. Proceeding from such a fulcrum, this article provides a general profile of the Kurdistan Workers' Party [PKK]/Kurdistan Communities Union [KCK] members and various recruitment techniques used by this group. To this end, records of 2,270 group members were content analyzed, in addition to face-to-face interviews with 42 group members and a range of individuals from public and private institutions. Our findings suggest that a variety of individual and organizational factors influence individual paths toward terrorism. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Unal M.C.,Turkish National Police Academy
Terrorism and Political Violence | Year: 2014
The PKK, a violent group seeking secession in southeastern Turkey through the use of terror and guerilla methods, has evolved through different strategic and pragmatic phases in pursuing its goal. Ocalan, the incarcerated leader, classified the PKK's objectives into four deliberate strategic periods and commenced the final period of Strategic Lunge in March 2010 (for establishing de-facto autonomy). To compare these periods to PKK's real evolution, this article reviewed the entire process of the PKK (1973-2012) through analysis of resolutions from PKK congresses/conferences and the characteristics of PKK violence (e.g., target status, incident type/location, form, and purpose). This study argues that as opposed to Ocalan's assessment, PKK moves-particularly after 1994-are based on emergent (ex-post) pragmatic shifts rather than predetermined (ex-ante) strategic plans, as verified by analysis of the nature/form of PKK violence. It also argues that the PKK's pragmatic moves permeated even into its ideology and declared goal. Contrary to Ocalan's four-stage strategic periods, the PKK's initial manifesto indicates a three-stage Maoist strategy for reaching its goal. However, the PKK's military attempt to reach the third stage in 1991 failed due to conditions that were not sufficient for realization of the third stage of Maoist strategy. As a result, the PKK quit pursuing military victory after acknowledging its defeat in 1994; instead, since it still possessed the ability to initiate violence, it strategically employed (and ceased) violence to supplement its campaign of political compromise and negotiation. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Akgul A.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Sever M.,Turkish National Police Academy
Trends in Organized Crime | Year: 2014
This paper is an excerpt from a 44- page report written about illegal cannabis cultivation in Turkey. The original report 1 Combatting Illegal Cannabis Cultivation (Yasadisi Kenevir Ekimiyle Mücadele) was written in Turkish as an outcome of a focus group meeting in 2–3 April 2013 in Ankara. Experts from several governmental institutions (i.e. Turkish National Police, Turkish Gendarmerie, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Environment and Urban Affairs and National Intelligence Organization) participated in this meeting. This excerpt is a summary of the key issues that appeared in the original report. Two main figures were inserted in this paper whereas others were omitted. The translators of this excerpt are the authors of the original report. UTSAM has the copyright on the report. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013
Buker H.,Turkish National Police Academy
Aggression and Violent Behavior | Year: 2011
Self-control is an important concept in the recent criminological theory with consistent empirical support as a predictor of criminality. Although the empirical studies consistently supported the self-control-criminality relation as proposed by the general theory of crime (GTC), there is a developing body of literature concerning the formation of self-control. Testing the propositions of the GTC on the formation of self-control, criminological theory literature as well as other disciplines provided several important insights regarding how self-control is generated. This paper systematically reviews the findings of the studies from several fields (n=44) and provides an overview of their findings. In conclusion, this review process indicated that the formation of self-control is far more complex than the propositions of the GTC. In addition to the parental socialization processes as discussed by the GTC, several studies indicated that there are other factors, such as social context, education process, biological and neurological factors, affecting the generation of self-control. Other disciplines, along with criminology, contributed significantly to direct future research on this concept and provided important guidelines for public policy makers as discussed within this study. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Ozkan M.,Turkish National Police Academy |
Orakci S.,IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation
Journal of Eastern African Studies | Year: 2015
The crisis of food security in Somalia in 2011 prompted an increase in Turkish involvement in Eastern African politics. Initially started as a humanitarian response, Ankara's policy has evolved into a fully fledged Somalia policy with political and social dimensions. This article discusses the role and influence of Turkey in efforts bringing stability to Somalia. It is argued that Turkey's Somalia policy, as far as it has succeeded in short term, has not only located Turkey as a “political” actor in Africa but also expanded Turkey's Africa policy into a more complex and multifaceted one. As such, Turkey's experience in Somalia will have significant implications for its broader African agenda. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
Akdogan H.,Turkish National Police Academy
Policing | Year: 2012
Purpose: Police organizations' main goal is providing the security of the neighborhoods for citizens. This paper aims to investigate how efficiently the police stations in the city of Ankara work. It also seeks to determine how the efficiency of police organizations can be measured by using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Design/methodology/approach: The study uses DEA to measure the efficiency of police stations in the city of Ankara in Turkey. DEA measures the relative efficiency of decision-making units (DMUs) based on their inputs and outputs. Findings: The results showed that ten of 19 police stations in Ankara were efficient. In other words, 52.6 percent of police stations were found to be efficient. Research limitations/implications: All police stations in Ankara could not be included in the study. Since DEA analysis the relative efficiency of DMUs, including all police stations in Ankara, may have given a broader perspective for police managers. Practical implications: Inefficient police stations in this study should either reduce the number of incidents that occurred in the precinct or solve those crimes and increase the number of solved incidents. Preventing crimes may be achieved by employing community policing strategies, thus, police managers should focus on adopting community policing strategies. Originality/value: The results of the DEA analysis can be used to help police stations in Ankara to be more efficient. Furthermore, applying DEA may be a new approach to measuring the efficiency of police services. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.