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Guven K.C.,Turkish Marine Research Foundation TUDAV | Coban B.,Bulent Ecevit University | Erdugan H.,18 Mart University
Asian Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2014

In this paper, the exogenic and endogenic compounds in three red algae Gracilaria bursa-pastoris, Phyllophora crispa and Laurencia obtusa var. pyramidata were reported. Exogenic compounds detected are oil components and other pollutants such as, saturated and unsaturated aliphatic, cyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons, BHT, nonyl phenol and halogenated compounds as hexachloroethane and 4-chlorophenol. Endogenic compounds were fatty acids and its esters, eicosane, squalene, phytol. The algae can be used for monitoring of the sea pollution. © 2014, Chemical Publishing Co. All rights reserved. Source

Guven K.C.,Turkish Marine Research Foundation TUDAV | Coban B.,Bulent Ecevit University
Fresenius Environmental Bulletin | Year: 2012

In this work, we are reporting on the oil pollution in sea water and sediments of the Turkish coast, as well as the oil input calculated from Bosphorus undercurrent water into the Black Sea, between 2004-2007. The highest oil levels were found at the western part stations in the surface water at Terkos station (4), and in the sediments at Zonguldak station (13, 14). We suggest that the high pollution level is probably due to the pollution from Danube River, intensive ship traffic for the stations 1-6, the illegal discharge of ballast water from returning tankers, and also high tanker traffic for the stations 10-20 at the western part of the Turkish Black Sea. On the other hand, high pollution at the eastern coast is correlated with inputs from the neighboring petroleum loading stations. The calculated input of oil from undercurrent of Bosphorus was (in tons): 10422.0 (2004), 5153.10 (2005), 9385.10 (2006), and 6162.50 (2007), respectively. The oil input from the undercurrent of the Bosphorus to the Black Sea includes sewage of Istanbul and cities of the Sea of Marmara but also the pollution from Mediterranean/Aegean Sea. © by PSP. Source

Guven K.C.,Turkish Marine Research Foundation TUDAV | Coban B.,Bulent Ecevit University | Ozkirimli S.,Istanbul University | Erdugan H.,18 Mart University | Sezik E.,Gazi University
Fresenius Environmental Bulletin | Year: 2013

This paper describes isolation and indentification of HHCP (Galaxolide®) as pollutant in red alga Laurencia pyramidalis Bory de Saint-Vincent ex Kützing (Syn. Laurencia obtusa var. pyramidata Bory ex J. Agardh) collected from Igneada (Black Sea coast) by GC/MS analysis. It was previously found as a pollutant in Danube River which consequently contaminates the Black Sea. It was suggested that this is a contamination of alga because it was not found in the same species collected from Assos (Çanakkale). This is the first record of HHCP contamination in algae. © by PSP. Source

Fontaine M.C.,University of Notre Dame | Fontaine M.C.,University Paris - Sud | Fontaine M.C.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Fontaine M.C.,Agro ParisTech | And 27 more authors.
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2014

Despite no obvious barriers to gene flow in the marine realm, environmental variation and ecological specializations can lead to genetic differentiation in highly mobile predators. Here, we investigated the genetic structure of the harbour porpoise over the entire species distribution range in western Palearctic waters. Combined analyses of 10 microsatellite loci and a 5085 base-pair portion of the mitochondrial genome revealed the existence of three ecotypes, equally divergent at the mitochondrial genome, distributed in the Black Sea (BS), the European continental shelf waters, and a previously overlooked ecotype in the upwelling zones of Iberia and Mauritania. Historical demographic inferences using approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) suggest that these ecotypes diverged during the last glacial maximum (c. 23-19 kilo-years ago, kyrbp). ABC supports the hypothesis that the BS and upwelling ecotypes share a more recent common ancestor (c. 14 kyrbp) than either does with the European continental shelf ecotype (c. 28 kyrbp), suggesting they probably descended from the extinct populations that once inhabited the Mediterranean during the glacial and post-glacial period. We showed that the two Atlantic ecotypes established a narrow admixture zone in the Bay of Biscay during the last millennium, with highly asymmetric gene flow. This study highlights the impacts that climate change may have on the distribution and speciation process in pelagic predators and shows that allopatric divergence can occur in these highly mobile species and be a source of genetic diversity. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Dede A.,Istanbul University | Dede A.,Turkish Marine Research Foundation TUDAV | Ozturk A.A.,Istanbul University | Ozturk A.A.,Turkish Marine Research Foundation TUDAV | And 6 more authors.
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom | Year: 2014

The Istanbul Strait (Bosphorus) is a part of the Turkish Straits System, connecting the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea. There are three cetacean species in the Strait, namely the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), the common dolphin (Delphinus delphis), and the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). To monitor the presence of the cetaceans, a fixed stereo passive acoustic monitoring system (A-tag) was deployed in the middle of the Strait from July 2009 to September 2010. In total 26,814 click trains were detected. Presence, direction and inter-click intervals of phonating cetaceans were measured. Most click trains were detected during the night time. Diel presence pattern was prominent in March and April. In spring, the cetaceans were concentrated in one specific direction from the fixed monitoring system. In contrast, they were found in all directions for the rest of the year. Short range sonar (inter-click intervals (ICIs) less than 50 ms) was commonly detected in spring. During the rest of the year ICIs could reach up to 150 ms. All these findings suggest that they were feeding or socializing in spring and mostly travelling in the other seasons. It is well known that pelagic fish such as sprat and bluefish start their migration from the Aegean Sea to the Black Sea in spring. This study suggests that the cetaceans use the middle part of the Strait for feeding on the pelagic fish in spring when the fish migration has just started. © 2013 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom . Source

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