Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital

Ankara, Turkey

Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
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Bostanci E.B.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Yol S.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Kayaalp C.,Inonu University | And 4 more authors.
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2010

Background and aims The physiology of the patient during laparoscopy differs from that of open surgery. Both pneumoperitoneum and obstructive jaundice impair the hepatic function, but the combined insult has not been previously examined. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum on hepatic function in a rat model of obstructive jaundice. Methods Forty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: group 1 (n=10), sham-operated group; group 2 (n=12), obstructive jaundice group; group 3 (n=10), CO2 pneumoperitoneum group; and group 4 (n=12), obstructive jaundice and CO2 pneumoperitoneum group. Common bile duct was ligated and divided in the obstructive jaundice groups. After 6 days, a 12-mmHg pneumoperitoneum was induced, maintained for 60 min, and released for 120 min. Blood samples were drawn for the measurement of white blood cell and platelet counts, serum liver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], total bilirubin). Tissue samples were obtained for analyses of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels. We evaluated the degree of liver injury on a grading scale from 0 to 4, histopathologically. Results Pneumoperitoneum after biliary obstruction resulted in an increase in AST and ALT levels and a decrease in white blood cell and platelet counts. However, changes in liver tissue MDA, GSH, and SOD levels did not correlate with the changes in AST and ALT levels and white blood cell and platelet counts. After sham operation with pneumoperitoneum, the GSH levels in liver homogenate were significantly decreased in the group 3 whencompared to the group 2. On the other hand, obstructive jaundice itself caused significant reduction in the SOD activity of liver homogenate in comparison to the group 3. Histopathologically, sinusoidal congestion and vacuolizationwere more severe in the group 3. Conclusions Alterations in hepatic function occur in pneumoperitoneum applied jaundiced subjects. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups 2 and 4 with regard to white blood cell and platelet counts, serum liver enzymes including AST, ALT, and total bilirubin values, MDA and GSH levels and SOD activity of liver homogenate, and histologic damage. These results indicate that there is no additional risk on liver function associated with pneumoperitoneum performed in obstructive jaundice. © Springer-Verlag 2009.


Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Bostanci E.B.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Yenisey C.,Adnan Menderes University | Sacar M.,Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on intestinal mucosal injury induced by superior mesenteric occlusion. Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 48 male Wistar-Albino rats. The animals were randomly allocated into four groups: (i) Sham-operated group, laparotomy without intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury (n12); (ii) Sham CAPE group, identical to group 1 except for CAPE treatment (10 μmol/kg, intravenously) (n12); (iii) Intestinal IR group, 60 min of superior mesenteric ischemia followed by 3 hr of reperfusion (n12); and (iv) (IR CAPE)-treated group, 10 μmol/kg injection of CAPE intravenously 30 min before the reperfusion period (n12). We evaluated the degree of intestinal mucosal injury on a grading scale, histopathologically, and by measuring oxidative stress markers and antioxidant parameters, biochemically. Intestinal edema was estimated by using wet/dry weight ratios. The plasma proinflammatory cytokine levels were measured. Animal survival was observed up to one week. Results: Intestinal mucosal injury scores were significantly decreased with CAPE administration (p < .05). CAPE treatment significantly reduced oxidative stress markers in the intestinal tissues (p < .05) and the plasma proinflammatory cytokine levels (p < .05), and significantly increased antioxidant parameters in the intestinal tissues (p < .05). Intestinal edema was significantly alleviated by CAPE treatment (p < .05). The survival rates of CAPE-treated IR animals were significantly higher than IR-subjected rats (p < .05). Conclusion: This study clearly showed that CAPE treatment significantly alleviated the intestinal mucosal injury caused by superior mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion. Further clinical studies are required to clarify whether CAPE has a useful role in reperfusion injury during particular surgeries in which IR-induced organ injury occurs. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Bostanci E.B.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Yenisey C.,Adnan Menderes University | Kelten E.C.,Pamukkale University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on wound healing in left colonic anastomoses in the presence of intraperitoneal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in a rodent model. Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 48 male Wistar albino rats. The animals were randomly allocated into four groups and a left colonic anastomosis was performed on the day following sham operation or CLP in all rats: (i) sham-operated control group, laparatomy plus cecal mobilization (n 12) (Group 1), (ii) sham CAPE group, identical to Group 1 except for CAPE treatment (10 μmol/kg, intraperitoneally, 30 min before construction of the colonic anastomosis) (n 12) (Group 2), (iii) CLP group, cecal ligation and puncture (n 12) (Group 3), and (iv) CLP CAPE-treated group, 10 μmol/kg, intraperitoneally, 30 min before the construction of colonic anastomosis (n 12) (Group 4). On the postoperative day 7, the animals were subjected to relaparotomy for in-vivo measurement of the colonic anastomotic bursting pressure. A colonic segment including the anastomotic site was resected for histopathological evaluation and biochemical analyses of hydroxyproline (Hyp) contents, myeloperoxidase (MPO) acivity, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Body weight changes were examined. Results: CAPE treatment significantly increased colonic anastomotic bursting pressures (p < .05), colonic anastomotic tissue Hyp contents, and enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant markers (p < .05), and significantly decreased oxidative stress parameters in colonic anastomotic tissues (p < .05). Histopathological scores were significantly better by CAPE administration (p < .05). Conclusion: This study clearly showed that CAPE treatment prevented the detrimental effects of intraperitoneal sepsis on colonic anastomotic wound healing. Further clinical studies are required to determine whether CAPE has a useful role in the enhancement of gastrointestinal anastomotic wound healing during particular surgeries in which sepsis-induced organ injury occurs. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Ocsel H.,Pamukkale University | Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Sacar M.,Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University | Kabay B.,Pamukkale University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of oriental sweet gum (Liquidambar orientalis Mill.) storax on partial-thickness and full-thickness wounds compared to conventional wound dressings in a porcine model. Methods: Six young Yorkshire pigs were used. Sixteen square excisional wounds measuring 3 × 3 cm were performed per animal. The wounds were allocated to one of the four treatment modalities: storax, hydrocolloid dressing, silver sulfadiazine, and control groups. Partial-thickness wounds were created in two pigs, and tissue samples were harvested on days 4 and 8, respectively. Full-thickness wounds were created in four pigs, and tissue samples were taken on days 4, 8, 14, and 21, respectively. Histologically, all wounds were examined for re-epithelialization and granulation tissue formation. Tissue hydroxyproline content and wound contraction areas were measured. Results: In storax-applied group, there was a greater depth of granulation tissue at 4 and 8 days compared to all other groups (p < .0125), and there was a faster re-epithelialization at 21 days compared to both hydrocolloid dressing and control groups in full-thickness wounds (p < .0125). Tissue hydroxyproline content and wound contraction did not differ significantly between the groups. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that topical application of storax enhanced both re-epithelialization and granulation tissue formation in full-thickness wounds. Further studies are indicated in this important area of wound healing research to evaluate the clinical efficacy of this storax and search for the mechanisms that explain its effects. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Adali F.,Pamukkale University | Kelten E.C.,Pamukkale University | Enli Y.,Pamukkale University | And 4 more authors.
Surgery Today | Year: 2011

Purpose: Mannitol is used as a treatment for ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury of various organs in humans, despite the fact that its effectiveness in vivo is still disputed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mannitol on acute lung injury (ALI) induced by infrarenal aortic occlusion. Methods: Male Wistar-albino rats were allocated into five groups: (i) sham-operated group, which received a laparotomy without IR injury (n = 12); (ii) IR group, which received 3 h of ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion (n = 12); (iii) IR + inferior caval phlebotomy (ICP) group, which was identical to group 2 except for 1 ml of blood aspiration from the inferior caval vein (n = 12); (iv) IR + mannitol-treated group, for which rats were subjected to IR and received a bolus injection of mannitol (n = 12); and (v) IR + ICP + mannitol-treated group, which underwent the same procedures as described for the previous groups. Arterial blood gas parameters were studied and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed. Evans blue dye was injected into half of the rats. We biochemically assessed the degree of pulmonary tissue injury by investigating oxidative stress markers and enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant markers, and evaluated ALI by establishing pulmonary leukosequestration and ALI scoring, histopathologically. Pulmonary edema was estimated by using Evans blue dye extravasation and wet/dry weight ratios. Results: Hypertonic mannitol treatment significantly reduced oxidative stress markers, and significantly increased enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidant markers in the lung tissues (P < 0.05). Arterial blood gas parameters were significantly ameliorated (P < 0.05), the BAL cytology was significantly better (P < 0.05), pulmonary leukosequestration and ALI scores were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and pulmonary edema was significantly alleviated (P < 0.05) by mannitol administration. Conclusion: This study clearly showed that mannitol treatment significantly attenuated the aortic IR-induced ALI. Further clinical studies are required to clarify whether mannitol has a useful role in ALI during surgeries in which IR-induced organ injury occurs. © 2011 Springer.


Goksin I.,Pamukkale University | Adali F.,Pamukkale University | Enli Y.,Pamukkale University | Akbulut M.,Pamukkale University | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: Abdominal aortic surgery can cause ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury not only in the lower limbs but also in remote organs such as kidneys. Venous blood volume exclusion from the inferior vena cava (phlebotomy) or/and mannitol are used as a treatment for I/R injury of kidney in humans, despite the fact that the effectiveness of these treatments is still debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of phlebotomy or/and mannitol on rat kidneys in a model of lower limbs I/R-induced acute renal injury (ARI). Material and Methods: Thirty male Wistar albino rats were used and divided into five groups: (I) sham-operated group, laparotomy without I/R injury (group [S], n = 6); (II) I/R group, infrarenal aortic cross-clamp was used for lower limbs I/R, 3 hours of ischemia followed by 2 hours of reperfusion (group [I/R], n = 6); (III) I/R + phlebotomy group, identical to group [I/R] except for 1 mL of blood aspiration from the inferior caval vein just after ischemia (group [P], n = 6); (IV) I/R + mannitol-treated group, these rats were subjected to I/R and received a bolus injection of mannitol (group [M], n = 6); and (V) I/R + phlebotomy + mannitol-treated group (group [P + M], n = 6), the same procedures were performed as those described for previous groups. At the end of 2-hour reperfusion, all rats were sacrificed. Both kidneys were harvested for biochemical assay (myeloperoxidase [MPO] and superoxide dismutase [SOD] activities, and malondialdehyde [MDA] and reduced glutathione levels) and for histopathological examination (tubular necrosis and acute inflammation on kidney [ARI score]). Results: Aortic I/R significantly increased the level of MDA (reflecting lipid peroxidation), SOD (enzymatic endogenous antioxidant), and MPO (reflecting neutrophil infiltration) activity (p < 0.05). Phlebotomy or/and mannitol treatments significantly decreased the level of MDA, SOD, and MPO activity and increased glutathione level (nonenzymatic antioxidant in the kidney tissues) (p < 0.05). Histological evaluation of ARI score showed that aortic I/R significantly increased (p value for group [S] versus group [I/R] was 0.012), whereas phlebotomy or/and mannitol treatments significantly decreased tubular necrosis and inflammatory infiltration (p values for group [I/R] versus group [P], [M], and [P + M] were 0.043, 0.043, and 0.003, respectively). Conclusion: This experiment clearly indicated that the lower limbs I/R-induced ARI attenuated significantly by phlebotomy or/and mannitol treatments. Phlebotomy plus mannitol is more effective treatment than phlebotomy or mannitol alone in preventing lower limbs I/R-induced ARI in rats. Further clinical studies are required to clarify whether phlebotomy or/and mannitol treatments are beneficial in alleviating of ARI during abdominal aortic surgery. © 2011 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc.


Ercan M.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Bostanci E.B.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Karaman K.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques | Year: 2010

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the standard surgical procedure for symptomatic gallbladder disease. The aim of this study was to identify factors that may be predictive of cases that would require a conversion to laparotomy. Methods: In the period of 2002-2007, 2015 patients who underwent elective LC were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 (n=1914) consisted of patients whose operation was successfully completed with LC. Group 2 (n=101) consisted of patients who had a conversion. A prospective analysis of parameters, including patient demographics, laboratory values, radiologic data, and intraoperative findings, was performed. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression was used to determine those variables predicting conversion. Results: One-hundred and one (5.0%) patients required a conversion. Significant predictors of conversion to open cholecystectomy in univariate analysis were increasing age, male gender, previous upper abdominal or upper plus lower abdominal incisions, an elevated white blood cell count, high aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin levels, preoperative ultrasound findings of a thickened gallbladder wall and dilated common bile duct, preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), high-grade adhesion, and scleroatrophic appearance of the gallbladder intraoperatively. Multivariate analysis revealed that a history of previous abdominal surgery, preoperative ERCP, high-grade adhesion, and scleroatrophic appearance of the gallbladder predicted conversion. Conclusions: Patient selection is very important for efficient, safe training in LC. Based on the presented data, pathways could be suggested that enable the surgeon to precisely decide, during LC, when to convert to open surgery. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Nessar G.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Kiremitci S.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Aksoy E.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Elbir O.H.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital
Medical Principles and Practice | Year: 2011

Objective: The aim of this study was to present a case of hepar lobatum resulting from metastatic rectal carcinoma. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 50-year-old man presented with a 2-year history of bleeding per anum, tenesmus, malaise and weakness. Initially, the patient received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by abdominoperineal resection of the rectum. Abdominal computed tomography showed lobar enlargement and lobulated contour, mainly in the left lobe of the liver, but no primary or metastatic lesions were detected. Laparotomy revealed an irregularly lobulated hepatic deformity. Liver biopsy showed a necrotic tumor growth from adenocarcinoma of the rectum in subcapsular localizationof the liver. Conclusion: This case showed a patient with hepar lobatum carcinomatosum caused by metastatic rectal carcinoma. The report further highlights the need for clinicians and surgeons to keep in mind the possibility of hepar lobatum carcinomatosum while caring for rectal carcinoma patients, especially when the lobulated contour of the liver is detected at preoperative imaging studies or when the coarsely lobated liver is encountered during surgery for carcinoma of the rectum. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Bostanci E.B.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Ercan M.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Ozer I.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | Teke Z.,Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2010

Purpose Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) with sphincterotomy is associated with higher rates of conversion to open surgery during subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The mechanisms of this association are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the time interval between the two procedures can affect the course of LC in terms of conversion rate or complications. Methods In this prospective observational study, 308 consecutive patients underwent ERCP with sphincterotomy followed at various intervals by elective LC. According to these intervals, the patients' data were assigned to one of three groups: short-interval (2 days or less), mediuminterval (3-42 days), or long-interval (43 days or more). Groups were also defined in terms of whether gallstones were extracted during ERCP and in terms of the number of ERCPs performed (single or multiple) prior to LC. The main outcome measures for all groups were the frequency of complications during or after LC and the frequency of conversions to open surgery. Results Of the 308 patients, 43 required conversion to open cholecystectomy (14%). The short-interval (95 patients), medium-interval (100 patients), and long-interval (113 patients) groups did not differ significantly in terms of intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, or conversion to open surgery (p=0.985, 0.340, and 0.472, respectively). The conversion rate also did not differ significantly according to the presence or absence of gallstones on ERCP (14.7% versus 12.8%, respectively, p= 0.392). However, compared with patients who underwent single ERCP (n=290), those who underwent multiple ERCPs (n=18) experienced significantly more conversion to open surgery (p=0.026). Conclusions The length of time between endoscopic sphincterotomy and LC did not affect the latter procedure in terms of complications or conversion to open surgery. However, the lack of an association between conversion rate and gallstone presence on ERCP and the higher conversion rate among patients who underwent multiple ERCPs, suggest that ERCP with sphincterotomy itself may be a factor in the higher conversion rates that have been observed after this procedure. © Springer-Verlag 2010.


PubMed | Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research | Year: 2013

We aimed to investigate whether caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) prevents detrimental systemic effects of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury on colonic anastomotic wound healing.This experimental study was conducted on 48 male Wistar albino rats. The rats were randomly allocated into four groups and a left colonic anastomosis was performed in all rats: (i) sham-operated group (n = 12), laparatomy without intestinal IR injury; (ii) sham + CAPE group (n = 12), identical to Group 1 except for CAPE treatment (10 mol/kg, intravenously); (iii) intestinal IR group (n = 12), 60 min of superior mesenteric ischemia followed by reperfusion; and (iv) IR + CAPE-treated group (n = 12) (10 mol/kg, intravenously, 30 min before the construction of colonic anastomosis). On the postoperative day 7, the rats were subjected to relaparotomy for in vivo measurement of the colonic anastomotic bursting pressure. A colonic segment including the anastomotic site was resected for histopathological evaluation and biochemical analyses. The plasma proinflammatory cytokine levels were measured. Body weight changes were examined.CAPE treatment significantly increased colonic anastomotic bursting pressures, and colonic anastomotic tissue hydroxyproline contents and antioxidant parameters (p < .05), and significantly decreased oxidative stress markers in colonic anastomotic tissues and plasma proinflammatory cytokine levels (p < .05). Histopathological scores were significantly better due to CAPE administration (p < .05).This study clearly showed that CAPE treatment prevented the delaying effects of remote IR injury on colonic anastomotic wound healing. Further clinical studies are required to determine whether CAPE has a useful role in the enhancement of gastrointestinal anastomotic wound healing during particular surgeries in which IR-induced organ injury occurs.

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