Turboinstitut Rovsnikova

Ljubljana, Slovenia

Turboinstitut Rovsnikova

Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Skerlavaj A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova | Skerget L.,University of Maribor | Ravnik J.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova | Lipej A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy | Year: 2011

This article is focused on the choice of a suitable turbulence model for simulations of an industrial pump's intake, from the perspective of accuracy and, partially, also the CPU time. Twelve steady-state and transient simulations were made on a fine computational mesh, using turbulence models such as: the shear stress transport (SST), the scale-adaptive simulation (SAS), the Reynolds stress model, the explicit algebraic Reynolds-stress model, the detached eddy simulation and the large eddy simulation (LES). The curvature-correction (CC) option was assessed for the SST and SAS turbulence models. The results were compared with the LES and with published experimental results. Although all the models could predict the main floor vortex, there were still some substantial differences. It can be able to conclude that it is better to use either the SST-CC turbulence model, due to its low-computational resources and far better results than the SST model, or the SAS-CC turbulence model, since its predictions are quite similar to the LES results. In the final step, good agreement with experimental results was shown for a longer simulation with the SAS-CC turbulence model. © 2011 Authors.

Skerlavaj A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova | Skerget L.,University of Maribor | Ravnik J.,University of Maribor | Lipej A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova
Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2014

In this article, single-phase, computational-fluid-dynamics simulations of free-surface vortices are presented. The purpose of the simulations is to determine the appropriate turbulence model for free-surface vortices, which could later be applied to simulations of flow in various engineering systems. The water flow in the laboratory model of a free-surface vortex was numerically simulated by unsteady single-phase computations. The vortex circumferential velocity, the downward velocity inside the vortex core and the predicted length of the free-surface vortex gas core were compared with available measurements. For the two-equation turbulence models, the results indicated the importance of the curvature correction (CC). The effect of the time-step size and the choice of the advection scheme were analyzed. For the tested case, it was determined that the unsteadiness of the flow was insufficient for the correct behavior of the scale-adaptive simulation (SAS) turbulence model. With the CC option, the shear-stress-transport (SST-CC) turbulence model and the SAS-CC turbulence model can both be used for such predictions; however, the SAS-CC model was found to be more reliable. Single-phase simulations successfully predicted the gas-core length for vortices with a short gas core. However, for long cores, the length was underpredicted.

Jost D.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova | Skerlavaj A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova | Lipej A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova
Strojniski Vestnik/Journal of Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2014

A comparison between numerical simulations and measurements of a six-blade Kaplan turbine is presented in order to determine an appropriate numerical setup for accurate and reliable simulations of Kaplan turbines. Values of discharge, torque and losses obtained by different turbulence models are compared to each other and to the measurements. Steady state simulations with various turbulence models tend to predict large errors at full discharge rate, which are the result of underestimated torque on the shaft and overestimated flow energy losses in the draft tube. The results were slightly improved with the curvature correction (CC) and Kato-Launder (KL) limiter of turbulence production. Transient simulations were performed with shear-stress-transport (SST) turbulence model, the scale-adaptive-simulation (SAS) SST model, and with zonal large-eddy-simulation (ZLES). Details about turbulent structures in the draft tube are illustrated in order to explain the reasons for differences in flow energy losses obtained by different turbulence models. The effects of advection schemes and mesh refinement were tested. It was shown that all of the transient simulations considerably improved results at full discharge rate. The largest improvement was achieved with the SAS SST and the ZLES models in combination with the bounded central differential scheme. In addition, it was shown that the ZLES model produced accurate results at all operating points, with discrepancy lower than 1%. © 2014 Journal of Mechanical Engineering. All rights reserved.

Jaksic N.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova
Journal of Sound and Vibration | Year: 2011

The parameter estimation of a nonlinear power damping system is studied. The parameter identification method used here assumes a priori the equation of motion describing the system dynamics. The method, which is based on the measured data (acceleration), was applied to the free and forced vibrations. The identification procedure was found to be robust on the guessed value of parameters at the numerical experimentation. The parameter values were estimated with a good accuracy for both modes of system operation (free and forced) if only the measured time history was sampled at a high enough rate for the noise level contained within. It was shown that the steady state of the harmonically excited system is not the best region for the parameter identification with this method. During the experimentation the method was applied to the free vibrations in different media (air and water). The results obtained by the parameter identification method were compared to the ones obtained by separate tests and good agreement was found. The identification procedure was found to work fine for all models under consideration and the models responses correspond well to the measured acceleration time histories. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Jost D.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova | Lipej A.,Turboinstitut Rovsnikova
Strojniski Vestnik/Journal of Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2011

The paper presents a prediction of vortex rope in a draft tube obtained by the numerical flow analysis. The main goal of the research was to numerically predict pressure pulsation amplitude versus different guide vanes openings and compare the results with experimental ones. Three turbulent models (SAS-SST, ?-RSM and LES) were used. Also the effect of different domain configurations, grid density and time step size on results was examined. At first analysis was done without cavitation, while later at one operating point the cavitation model was included. © 2011 Journal of Mechanical Engineering. All rights reserved.

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