Sharif S.P.,Taylors University |
Khanekharab J.,Tun Abdul Razak University
Journal of Psychosocial Oncology | Year: 2017
This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of coping strategies in the relationship between external locus of control and quality of life among breast cancer patients. A convenience sample of 130 Malaysian breast cancer patients participated in this study. Using a multiple mediation model analysis, we found a negative relationship between powerful others and patients' quality of life and the mediation of active-emotional coping between powerful others and quality of life. The findings indicated the need for early, targeted psychological interventions seeking to encourage externally oriented cancer patients to use more active emotional coping strategies as it may improve their quality of life. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
Sharif S.P.,Taylors University |
Khanekharab J.,Tun Abdul Razak University
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking | Year: 2017
This study investigates the mediating role of identity confusion and materialism in the relationship between social networking site (SNS) excessive usage and online compulsive buying among young adults. A total of 501 SNS users aged 17 to 23 years (M = 19.68, SD = 1.65) completed an online survey questionnaire. A serial multiple mediator model was developed and hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. The results showed that excessive young adult SNS users had a higher tendency toward compulsive buying online. This was partly because they experienced higher identity confusion and developed higher levels of materialism. Targeted psychological interventions seeking to gradually increase identity clarity to buffer the detrimental effects of SNS usage and identity confusion in young adults are suggested. © Copyright 2017, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2017.
Tieman M.,Tun Abdul Razak University |
Hassan F.H.,University Technology of MARA
British Food Journal | Year: 2015
Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to investigate if religious food laws can provide answers to current issues with the food systems. Design/methodology/approach-This paper provides a discussion of the dietary and food system principles from a Judaism, Christianity and Islamic perspective for the design of a more sustainable and healthy food system. Findings-The commercialisation of the natural resources, industrial food production approach and consumerism is endangering the food security, health and environment. Current industry practices are not sustainable and do not comply with Jewish, Christian and Islamic scriptures. Kosher, Christian and halal food laws share common principles in prohibition of certain animals (like pig), prohibition of blood, role of fasting and animal welfare. As a change in the diet is the solution, there is a key role for the food industry to comply and for religious leaders to radically reduce meat consumption and food waste of its followers. Research limitations/implications-This viewpoint paper shows that religious food laws provide answers to current problems with the industrialised food production approach and consumerism. Practical implications-New food industry directives should convert meat-based to plant-based ingredients and additives; replace porcine by bovine sources; and emphasise on animal welfare to better serve the Jewish, Christian and Muslim consumer. Religious logos (kosher and halal) should incorporate nutrient profiling through a traffic light system to promote healthy food choice. Originality/value-Religious food laws are important for a big part of the world population (Jews, Christians and Muslims), which share many common principles. This study contributes to a better understanding of the commonalities and differences in these religious food laws. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Yap C.S.,Tun Abdul Razak University |
Rashid M.Z.A.,Tun Abdul Razak University |
Sapuan D.A.,Tun Abdul Razak University
VINE | Year: 2013
Purpose: The study aims to examine the current state of competitive intelligence practices in Malaysian public listed companies, the perception of environmental uncertainty and the link between the two concepts. Design/methodology/approach: The data were collected from 123 public listed companies via mail questionnaire survey. Variables and measurement were adopted from prior empirical studies, specifically from Daft, Sormunen and Parks. Findings: Generally, the current state of competitive intelligence practices undertaken in Malaysian companies is moderate. More than half of the surveyed companies had established a formal CI unit in their organisation, in which a majority of them practised competitive intelligence at an early (five to nine years) stage in a moderate scale (two to five employees). Using a paired sample t-test, the study found that the perception of environmental uncertainty is higher in the task environmental sector than in the general environmental sectors. A positive correlation exists between perceived environmental uncertainty and competitive intelligence practices, specifically in terms of intelligence acquisition and strategic use. Originality/value: This study serves as one of the earliest pieces of empirical evidence in the emerging economies in relation to competitive intelligence practices. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Tieman M.,Tun Abdul Razak University
Journal of Islamic Marketing | Year: 2015
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to propose a halal cluster concept to better organise production and trade of halal food. Design/methodology/approach – This paper builds further on previous work published in the Journal of Islamic Marketing on halal food supply chains and value chains. A cluster analysis is conducted on the Malaysia and Dubai halal cluster to provide a better understanding of their halal cluster models and sustainability. Findings – Food production and trade has been described as the weak link in the halal value chain. To guarantee availability of and access to halal food, a new paradigm is required in better organising the production and trade of halal food through halal clusters. A halal cluster model is proposed based on fve pillars, namely, Muslim consumer, education and research, halal integrity network, halal supply chain and enablers. Research limitations/implications – This conceptual paper proposes a halal cluster model to scale up the production of halal food for the world. However, more empirical research on halal purchasing, halal network development, halal trade and halal parks is needed to support the development of these halal clusters. Practical implications – To better address today’s issues in the halal industries (ingredients, certifcation, logistics, etc.), there are evident benefts of producing in strong halal clusters, hereby providing easy access to halal ingredients and access to attractive Muslim markets. Originality/value – As halal is going through an evolution, towards a halal supply chain and value chain, new business models are required. It is the frst study investigating halal clusters. © 2015 Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Ramly S.,University Technology of MARA |
Aljunid S.A.,University Technology of MARA |
Shaker Hussain H.,Tun Abdul Razak University
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2011
To ensure the crucial integrity and confidentiality of patients' information, this paper proposes a novel support vector machine (SVM) cum spread spectrum (SS) watermarking model to watermark medical images. In applying watermarking to secure medical images, there are generally three key stages, namely classifying the medical images into Region of Interest (ROI) and Region of Non-Interest (RONI), embedding the patients' information and other relevant information into the image, and lastly extracting that information from the watermark images. The classifying and embedding stages require specific techniques tailored to their different requirements while the third is usually done using symmetric algorithms applied in the embedding stage. Among the soft computing techniques, SVM excels in classification including image classification and has a high potential to be used in the watermarking to improve its performance. However, based on current works reviewed in medical image watermarking, none has applied SVM yet. Similarly, SS is robust to the most common of signal processing and geometric distortions have been successfully applied in image watermarking. Therefore, in our novel model, SVM will be applied in the first stage while SS will be applied in the second and third stages. Significantly, the model aims to secure medical images to resist distortion as well as to avoid medical images quality degradation. The patient confidential data will be embedded into the RONI of their medical images using grayscale JPEG format using the SS symmetric algorithm. The watermark images will be evaluated on robustness and imperceptibility. Experiments will be conducted to measure the similarity ratio (SR) to test the robustness and Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) to test the imperceptibility. The results show a high quality robust and imperceptible watermarking has been achieved with SR of more than 0.98 and PSNR of more than 40dB. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
Zain M.,University Putra Malaysia |
Kassim N.,Tun Abdul Razak University
International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development | Year: 2010
This paper examines the influence of innovation and continuous improvement practices on the competitiveness of firms, which in turn affect their performance. Results obtained from 108 Qatari firms confirm that continuous improvements had a significant positive influence on the firms' competitiveness. Among six of the ten Ekvall's creative climate factors examined, only four had some positive influence on the competitiveness of the firms. The authors also found that the organization's internal environment had significant positive influence on the competitiveness of the firms. Furthermore, results show that organizational competitiveness significantly influenced performance. Managerial implications of the findings are also provided. Copyright © 2010, IGI Global.
Ahmed A.S.,Tun Abdul Razak University
Proceedings - 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems and Networks, CICSyN 2011 | Year: 2011
Healthcare and biomedical systems usually require a high level of collaboration amongst health and medical entities. Maintaining consistency within this collaborative framework is a hurdle faced by healthcare and biomedical professionals. Diabetes has been a serious health problem in all over the world for many years. There are two main types of diabetes, type I and type II. Type II diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and globally about 90% of all cases of diabetes are type II diabetes. Type II diabetes is one of the most common chronic "lifestyle" diseases with a high prevalence throughout the world. Diabetes ontology describes the concepts and relationships between the concepts derived from the corpus of healthcare domain specific diabetes knowledge and linking with other standardized healthcare systems. Our proposed ontology framework consists of three main layers of diabetes type II, diabetes type II knowledge provider and patient. © 2011 IEEE.
Tieman M.,Tun Abdul Razak University |
van Nistelrooy M.,University of Twente
Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Marketing | Year: 2014
This article measures the perception of Malaysian food manufacturers toward halal logistics through an industry survey conducted in Malaysia. Based on a survey with 44 food manufacturers in Malaysia, results indicate that the responsibility of halal logistics according to the manufacturer is a shared responsibility in the halal food supply chain and value chain. Second, the study confirms that a dedicated storage and transportation is required. The manufacturer recognizes that for cold chain products a dedicated halal sea/airport complex is required, whereas for ambient products, no mixing of halal and nonhalal products in the same section is sufficient. The manufacturer thinks that no mixing of halal and nonhalal products in the same zone of the supermarket provides sufficient assurance for the Muslim consumer. Third, 52.3% of the manufacturers are willing to pay more for a halal logistics system, whereas small and large companies show a higher willingness to pay than medium-size companies. Halal logistics is an important component of the manufacturer's halal promise but will require pressure from the government through regulations to make halal logistics a requirement for halal certification of food manufacturers. © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Chellappan K.,Tun Abdul Razak University
Proceedings of 2010 IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, IECBES 2010 | Year: 2010
A clinically practiced low cost, non-invasive physiological signal recorder, Photoplethysmogram (PPG) is a blood volume change monitoring method. Various parameters are analysed and used in establishing the PPG usage in physiological health monitoring. Currently our research team is in the pathway of establishing single pulse utilization in formulating PPG fitness index for cardiovascular risk assessment. Even though PPG is widely used by medical practioners and researchers there are many unknown issues concerning this method are yet to be explored. Pulses variability in a single recording session and repeatability of the PPG recording in health monitoring are being unexplored aspects. In our study we recorded PPG signals (from the finger) four times in resting conditions in the interval of 30 minutes. Two different evaluations were approached: (1) variability between pulses in single recording; (2) repeatability in one individual PPG signal in different recording (30 minutes apart). This study has produced repeatability coefficient, CR = 93.22±1.18 and variability coefficient, CV = 6.18 ± 1.51, which is a strong indicator for PPG establishment as a reliable physiological assessment method. The result suggested that single pulse quantification is suitable to be considered as a parameter in PPG assessment. © 2010 IEEE.