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Changchun, China

Zhang F.,Jilin University | Zhang N.,Jilin University | Pang L.,Jilin University | Tan Y.,Tumor Biotherapy Center | Xu H.,Jilin University
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2015

A rapid, sensitive and specific liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the quantification of heteroclitin D in rat plasma after using gambogic acid as internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation was done on a Thermo Hypersil GOLD column (30 × 2.1 mm, 3 μm) using a mobile phase consisting of methanol-water-formic acid (80:20:0.1, v/v/v). The mass spectrometer worked with positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode, using target ions at [M + H]+ m/z 483.3 for heteroclitin D and [M + H]+ m/z 629.3 for the IS. The standard curve was linear (R2 ≥0.995) over the concentration range 9.98-2080 ng/mL and had good back-calculated accuracy and precision. The intra- and interday precision and accuracy determined on three quality control samples (29.94, 166.4 and 1872 ng/mL) were ≤12.8 and -8.9-3.6%, respectively. The extraction recovery was ≥88.2% and the lower limit of quantification was 9.98 ng/mL. The method was successfully applied to evaluate pharmacokinetics of heteroclitin D in Sprague-Dawley rats following a single intravenous bolus injection of 2.0 mg/kg heteroclitin. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Mi X.-G.,Northeast Normal University | Mi X.-G.,Tumor Biotherapy Center | Song Z.-B.,Northeast Normal University | Sun L.-G.,Northeast Normal University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2016

Previous studies have shown that testes-specific protease 50 (TSP50), a pro-oncogene overexpressed in many types of tumors, could promote cell proliferation, invasion, tumorigenesis, and tumor metastasis, suggesting that it is a potential cancer therapeutic target in drug discovery. Here, a luciferase assay system driven by the TSP50 gene promoter was used to screen the inhibitor of expression of TSP50. The study found that cardamonin, a flavone compound, could efficiently inhibit the expression of TSP50 in both mRNA and protein levels. Further results revealed that cardamonin also efficiently inhibited the viability of TSP50 high-expressing cancer cells by inducing G2/M-phase arrest and mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis. Surprisingly, knocking down the expression of TSP50 gene had the same effects as treatment with cardamonin. Moreover, it has been found that cardamonin had an inhibitory potency on TSP50 high-expressing tumor growth in vivo. In contrast, overexpression of TSP50 greatly decreased the cell sensitivity to the inhibitory effect of cardamonin and reversed the decreased tumor-inhibitory effect of cardamonin. Additionally, both TSP50 interference and treatment with cardamonin could suppress p65 nuclear translocation, and overexpression of TSP50 reversed the suppressive effect of cardamonin on p65 nuclear translocation. Taken together, these results suggest that cardamonin inhibited cell viability and tumorigenesis at least partially via blocking the activation of TSP50-mediated nuclear factor-kappaB signaling pathway, and cardamonin may be a promising anticancer drug candidate in the development of a novel agent for TSP50 high-expressing cancer cells. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Liu J.Q.,Tumor Biotherapy Center
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2013

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of different stimulatory factors on proliferation and function of cytokine induced killer (CIK) cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were separated by Ficoll-Hypacue gradient. According to supplement of different stimulatory factors (CD28 mAb, IL-15 and IL-21), the experiment was divided into five groups:control group (CIK), CB28+IL-15+IL-21 group, IL-15+IL-21 group, CD28+IL-15 group and CD28+IL-21 group. Effects of different stimulatory factors on the proliferation of CIK cells were assayed by an automated hematology analyzer. Changes of granzyme B,perforin and CD107a were detected by flow cytometry. IL-10, IL-12, INF-γ and TNF-α were quantified by ELISA. Cytotoxicities on lung cancer cell line A549, breast adenocarcinoma cell line MFC-7 and human melanoma cell line HME1 were examined by lactate dehydrogenase release method. The results showed that there were significant differences among different groups. The highest proliferation index on days 10 was observed in group CD28mAb, IL-15 and IL-21(255.3 ± 6.3), which was higher than control group, IL-21+IL-15 group and CD28 mAb+IL-21 group (166.6 ± 13.5, 199.4 ± 15.0 and 228.8 ± 16.6) (P < 0.05). The expression of perforin in CD28 mAb+IL-15 group was higher than the other groups. The expression of perforin,GranB and CD107a of costimulatory groups was higher than control group. The cytotoxicities of CD28 mAb+IL-15 group on A549, MFC-7 and HME1 cells (82.2%, 59.3% and 70.6%) were much higher than that of control group (60.9%, 49.6% and 48.4%) (P < 0.05). The highest IFN-γsecretion was found in CD28 mAb, IL-15 and IL-21 groups. It is concluded that there are significant difference of proliferative capacity, cytokine secretion and cytotoxicity after being activated by different stimulatory factors. Adding corresponding stimulatory factors into the culture system displays a great value for target cells culture. Source

Yang L.,Tumor Biotherapy Center | Zhang Y.,University of Sichuan | Cheng L.,University of Sichuan | Yue D.,University of Sichuan | And 5 more authors.
Human Gene Therapy | Year: 2016

The therapeutic effects of conventional treatments for advanced colorectal cancer with colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRPC) and malignant ascites are not very encouraging. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A/vascular permeability factors (VEGF-A/VPF) play key roles in the formation of malignant ascites. In previous work, we demonstrated that pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) antagonized VEGF-A and could repress tumor growth and suppress metastasis in several cancer types. Thus, PEDF may be a therapeutic candidate for treating malignant ascites. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising tools for delivering therapeutic agents in cancer treatment. In the study, MSCs derived from bone marrow were efficiently engineered to secrete human PEDF by adenoviral transduction. Then, intraperitoneal Ad-PEDF-transduced MSCs were analyzed with respect to CRPC and malignant ascites in a CT26 CRPC model. MSCs engineered to secrete PEDF through adenoviral transduction significantly inhibited tumor metastasis and malignant ascites formation in CT26 CRPC mice. Antitumor mechanisms of MSCs-PEDF (MSCs transduced with Ad-PEDF: MOI 500) were associated with inhibiting tumor angiogenesis, inducing apoptosis, and restoring the VEGF-A/sFLT-1 ratio in ascites. Moreover, MSC-mediated Ad-PEDF delivery reduced production of adenovirus-neutralizing antibodies, prolonged PEDF expression, and induced MSCs-PEDF migration toward tumor cells. As a conclusion, MSCs engineered to secrete PEDF by adenoviral transduction may be a therapeutic approach for suppressing tumor metastasis and inhibiting malignant ascites production in CRPC. © 2016 by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Li S.-Q.,Jilin University | Wang Z.-H.,Yanbian University | Mi X.-G.,Tumor Biotherapy Center | Liu L.,Tumor Biotherapy Center | And 2 more authors.
IUBMB Life | Year: 2015

MicroRNA-199a/b-3p is downregulated in several types of aggressive cancer, and its decrement significantly correlates with poor survival. Here, we aim to investigate the biological function of miR-199a/b-3p and its regulation of target genes in breast cancer cells with highly metastatic potential. In addition, we found that miR-199a/b-3p expression was much lower in MDA-MB-231, CAL120, and HCC1395 breast cancer cells with highly metastatic potential. Functional assays showed that restored miR-199a/b-3p expression inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell growth, cell-cycle progression, migration, and invasion. In addition, we experimentally demonstrated that PAK4 was the direct target of miR-199a/b-3p, hypo-expression of PAK4 suppressed proliferation, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells, and overexpression of PAK4 significantly rescued the inhibitory effect of miR-199a/b-3p on MDA-MB-231 cell growth, migration, and invasion. Further, we also observed that miR-199a/b-3p could inactivate the PAK4/MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Thus, miR-199a/b-3p functions as a tumor suppressor and has an important role in breast cancer metastasis through PAK4/MEK/ERK signaling pathway. © 2015 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Source

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