Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V. and TU Ilmenau | Date: 2016-12-16
A device for detecting momentary sleep is shown. The device includes a video recording device for video-based monitoring of a person and of an eye area of the person, the video recording device being configured to record a sequence of pictures of the person and of the eye area and to output same to a threshold determination device. The threshold determination device is configured to derive one or more thresholds individually adapted to the person from the sequence of pictures. Moreover, the device includes a threshold evaluator configured to decide, on the basis of the one or more individually adapted thresholds, whether or not the person has momentarily fallen asleep, the one or more individually adapted thresholds being utilized for establishing whether or not the thresholds have been passed within the actual time curve of the eye opening and, thus, whether or not the person has momentarily fallen asleep.
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V. and TU Ilmenau | Date: 2016-11-28
A device for determining room-optimized transfer functions for a listening room serving for room-optimized post-processing of audio signals in spatial production, is configured to analyze room acoustics of the listening room and to determine, based on the analysis of the room acoustics, the room-optimized transfer functions for the listening room where the spatial reproduction by means of a binaural close-range sound transducer is to take place. The spatial reproduction of the audio signals by means of the binaural close-range sound transducer may then be emulated using known head-related transfer functions und using the room-optimized transfer functions, wherein a room to be synthesized may be emulated based on the head-related transfer functions, and wherein the listening room may be emulated based on the room-optimized transfer functions.
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V. and TU Ilmenau | Date: 2015-05-15
Apparatus for adapting a spatial audio signal for an original loudspeaker setup to a playback loudspeaker setup that differs from the original loudspeaker setup. The apparatus includes a direct-ambience decomposer that is configured to decomposing channel signals in a segment of the original loudspeaker setup into direct sound and ambience components, and to determine a direction of arrival of the direct sound components. A direct sound renderer receives a playback loudspeaker setup information and adjusts the direct sound components using the playback loudspeaker setup information so that a perceived direction of arrival of the direct sound components in the playback loudspeaker setup is substantially identical to the direction of arrival of the direct sound components. A combiner combines adjusted direct sound components and possibly modified ambience components to obtain loudspeaker signals for loudspeakers of the playback loudspeaker setup.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-1-2014 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2016
By combining accurate magnetic measurements of neural activity with near-simultaneous high-definition measurements of cerebral structure provided by novel methods in ultra-low-field magnetic resonance imaging (ULF MRI ) we will be able to image the dynamics of human brain function at unprecedented resolution and reliability. BREAKBEN will achieve a revolution in neuroimaging; we aim at breaking the barrier for measurement of neuronal currents by ULF MRI (neural current imaging; NCI) as well as breaking the nonuniqueness barrier for magnetoencephalography (MEG) by combining it with ULF MRI and accurately presented a priori information. A key aspect in utilizing the a priori information is injected current density imaging (CDI), which will inform us about the individual conductivity structure of the head. Using novel verification and validation approaches, we will demonstrate the unique advantages of these multimodal techniques. These breakthroughs will result in completely different workflows in brain imaging, also suitable for clinical use. We believe that we are at the edge of a qualitative technology jump with ULF MRI, its applications and combinations. This will lead to a wealth of new applications and revolutionize the way we do magnetism-based measurements of the nervous system. Europe has the unique chance to lead this revolution.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-5.4-2015 | Award Amount: 4.11M | Year: 2016
SUITS takes a sociotechnical approach to capacity building in Local Authorities and transport stakeholder organisations with special emphasis on the transfer of learning to smaller sized cities, making them more effective and resilient to change in the judicious implementation of sustainable transport measures. Key outputs will be a validated capacity building program for transport departments, and resource light learning assets (modules, e-learning material, webinars and workshops), decision support tools to assist in procurement, innovative financing, engagement of new business partners and handling of open, real time and legacy data. SUITS argues that without capacity building and the transformation of transport departments into learning organisations, training materials will not provide the step change needed to provide innovative transport measures. Working with nine cities to model gaps in their understanding, motivation, communication and work practices, will provide each city with a map of its own strengths and weaknesses with respect to sustainable transport planning. From this, strategies to enhance capacity, based on each authoritys needs will be developed and organisations provided with the necessary techniques to increase their own capacity, mentored directly by research partners. Local champions will be trained to continue capacity building after the project. Using the CIVITAS framework for impact evaluation, the effectiveness and impact of SUITS in enabling reductions in transport problems such as congestion and pollution while improving cities capacity to grow as well as the quality of life for urban dwellers and commuters through the development of inclusive, integrated transport measures will be measured in the cities and at individual, organisational and institutional levels. All project outcomes will be disseminated in a stakeholder engagement program at local, national and EU wide levels, thereby increasing the likelihood of successful transport measures.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.83M | Year: 2016
The main target of the ITEAM project is to establish and sustainably maintain the European training network with high grade of interdisciplinarity, which will train strong specialists skilled in research and development of novel technologies in the field of multi-actuated ground vehicles (MAGV). The global goals are: (i) Advance of European postgraduate education in the area of environment- and user-friendly vehicle technologies that highly demanded by the European industry and society; (ii) Reinforcement of cooperation between academia and industry to improve career perspectives of talented graduates in both public and private sectors; (iii) Creation of strong European research and innovation group making determinant contributions to next generations of multi-actuated ground vehicles. To achieve the project objectives, the consortium unites 11 beneficiaries and 5 partner organizations from 9 European countries including 7 universities, 2 research centres, and 7 non-academic organizations. Distinctive feature of the ITEAM network is the concept of interaction of three research clusters: MAGV integration, Green MAGV, MAGV Driving Environment. Within these clusters, the training concept will be based on intersectoral cooperation and will cover domains of (i) basic research, (ii) applied research, and (iii) experimentations. The ITEAM project will provide the first-of-its kind European training network in Ground Vehicles at doctorate level to fill up the niche in private sector and industry with researcher-practitioners. The proposed network will be developed as innovative, multidisciplinary, engineering product-oriented and project-based program to train the scientists by integrating cutting-edge research methods of ground vehicles, electric/mechatronic systems, environmental engineering and applied intelligent control. The ITEAM network measures will guarantee excellent career prospects for participating researchers both in industrial and academic sectors.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 828.00K | Year: 2017
The main goal of the CLOVER project is to offer a novel methodology in an environmental mechatronic control system design relying on multidisciplinary knowledge. This methodology should allow aspects to be taken into account, such as controller robustness, indirect measurement of system states and parameters, and disturbances attenuation on the stage of establishing controller architecture. In addition, methods for tuning the control algorithms will be developed and based on the solution of optimization task considering control priorities, such as environment friendliness and energy efficiency. The implementation of the project CLOVER is based on intensive staff exchange that will lead to collaborative research and training between universities and industrial organizations from Germany, Austria, Belgium, Norway, UK, Mexico, and Japan. To guarantee a strong focus of the project activities on real-world problems, the CLOVER concept is based on the R&D and training in three interfacing topics: Mechatronic chassis systems of electric vehicles, Mechatronic-based grid-interconnection circuitry, and Offshore mechatronics, which will identify and facilitate collaborative learning and production of innovative knowledge. The CLOVER objectives will be achieved through intensive networking measures covering knowledge transfer and experience sharing between participants from academic and non-academic sectors, and professional advancement of the consortium members through intersectoral and international collaboration and secondments. In this regard, the CLOVER project is fully consistent with the targets of H2020-MSCA-RISE programme and will provide excellent opportunities for personal career development of participating staff and will lead to the creation of a strong European and international research group to create new environmental mechatronic systems.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-11-2015 | Award Amount: 6.60M | Year: 2016
Many diseases are inadequately diagnosed, or not diagnosed early enough by current imaging methods. Examples of unmet clinical needs arise in thromboembolic disease, osteoarthritis, cancer, sarcopenia, and many more areas. Our solution, Fast Field-Cycling (FFC) MRI, can measure quantitative information that is invisible to standard MRI. FFC scanners switch magnetic field while scanning the patient, obtaining new diagnostic information. FFC-MRI has been demonstrated by us, but many challenges must be solved before clinical adoption. Objectives: Understand the mechanisms determining FFC signals in tissues; Create technology to measure and correct for environmental magnetic fields, enabling FFC at ultra-low fields; Investigate contrast agents for FFC, to increase sensitivity and to allow molecular imaging; Improve FFC technology, in order to extend its range of clinical applications; Test FFC-MRI on tissue samples and on patients. Achieved by: Developing the theory of relaxation in tissue at ultra-low fields, leading to models and biomarkers; Developing magnetometers for FFC-MRI, and environmental-field correction; Creating and in vitro testing of new FFC contrast agents; studying existing clinical agents for FFC-MRI sensitivity; Improving technology to monitor and stabilise magnetic fields in FFC; improving magnet power supply stability; investigating better radiofrequency coils and acquisition pulse sequences; Testing FFC methods on tissue samples from surgery and tissue banks; proof-of-principle scans on patients. FFC-MRI is a paradigm-shifting technology which will generate new, quantitative disease biomarkers, directly informing and improving clinical diagnosis, treatment decisions and treatment monitoring. Its lower cost contributes to healthcare sustainability. The proposal consolidates the EU lead in FFC technology and uses new concepts from world-leading teams to deliver solutions based on innovations in theory, modelling, physics, chemistry and engineering.
Schwierz F.,TU Ilmenau
Proceedings of the IEEE | Year: 2013
Graphene is a relatively new material with unique properties that holds promise for electronic applications. Since 2004, when the first graphene samples were intentionally fabricated, the worldwide research activities on graphene have literally exploded. Apart from physicists, also device engineers became interested in the new material and soon the prospects of graphene in electronics have been considered. For the most part, the early discussions on the potential of graphene had a prevailing positive mood, mainly based on the high carrier mobilities observed in this material. This has repeatedly led to very optimistic assessments of the potential of graphene transistors and to an underestimation of their problems. In this paper, we discuss the properties of graphene relevant for electronic applications, examine its advantages and problems, and summarize the state of the art of graphene transistors. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
Schwierz F.,TU Ilmenau
Nature Nanotechnology | Year: 2010
Graphene has changed from being the exclusive domain of condensed-matter physicists to being explored by those in the electron-device community. In particular, graphene-based transistors have developed rapidly and are now considered an option for post-silicon electronics. However, many details about the potential performance of graphene transistors in real applications remain unclear. Here I review the properties of graphene that are relevant to electron devices, discuss the trade-offs among these properties and examine their effects on the performance of graphene transistors in both logic and radiofrequency applications. I conclude that the excellent mobility of graphene may not, as is often assumed, be its most compelling feature from a device perspective. Rather, it may be the possibility of making devices with channels that are extremely thin that will allow graphene field-effect transistors to be scaled to shorter channel lengths and higher speeds without encountering the adverse short-channel effects that restrict the performance of existing devices. Outstanding challenges for graphene transistors include opening a sizeable and well-defined bandgap in graphene, making large-area graphene transistors that operate in the current-saturation regime and fabricating graphene nanoribbons with well-defined widths and clean edges. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.