Eindhoven, Netherlands
Eindhoven, Netherlands

The Eindhoven University of Technology is a university of technology located in Eindhoven, Netherlands. Its motto is Mens agitat molem . The university was the second of its kind in the Netherlands, only Delft University of Technology existed previously. Until mid-1980 it was known as the Technische Hogeschool Eindhoven . In 2011 QS World University Rankings placed Eindhoven at 146th internationally, but 61st globally for Engineering & IT. Furthermore, in 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities rankings, TU/e was placed at the 52-75 bucket internationally in Engineering/Technology and Computer Science category and at 34th place internationally in the field of Computer Science. In 2003 a European Commission report ranked TU/e at third place among all European research universities , thus making it the highest ranked Technical University in Europe. Wikipedia.

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TU Eindhoven | Date: 2016-11-16

An improved fetal ST monitoring system and method is provided using an ECG monitoring system collecting a plurality of T/QRS segments of a fetus, and a data analysis computer system connected to the ECG monitoring system calculating from the plurality of T/QRS segments.

An optical interconnect device is provided that includes a first vertical cavity of surface emitting laser (VCSEL), connected in parallel with a second VCSEL, an optical coupler that is configured to direct the light output from the first VCSEL and the second VCSEL to a single optical fiber, where a common connection of each VCSEL is controlled using a MOSFET/inverter, where in normal operation only one of the first VCSEL or the second VCSEL is enabled, where a common connection of each VCSEL is not directly connected to a ground, and a microcontroller that is configured to switch output from the first VCSEL to the second VCSEL in the event of failure by the first VCSEL, where a failure of the first VCSEL does not result a communication in link failure.

Napolitano S.,Free University of Colombia | Glynos E.,Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas | Tito N.B.,University of Cambridge | Tito N.B.,TU Eindhoven
Reports on Progress in Physics | Year: 2017

When cooled or pressurized, polymer melts exhibit a tremendous reduction in molecular mobility. If the process is performed at a constant rate, the structural relaxation time of the liquid eventually exceeds the time allowed for equilibration. This brings the system out of equilibrium, and the liquid is operationally defined as a glass - a solid lacking long-range order. Despite almost 100 years of research on the (liquid/)glass transition, it is not yet clear which molecular mechanisms are responsible for the unique slow-down in molecular dynamics. In this review, we first introduce the reader to experimental methodologies, theories, and simulations of glassy polymer dynamics and vitrification. We then analyse the impact of connectivity, structure, and chain environment on molecular motion at the length scale of a few monomers, as well as how macromolecular architecture affects the glass transition of non-linear polymers. We then discuss a revised picture of nanoconfinement, going beyond a simple picture based on interfacial interactions and surface/volume ratio. Analysis of a large body of experimental evidence, results from molecular simulations, and predictions from theory supports, instead, a more complex framework where other parameters are relevant. We focus discussion specifically on local order, free volume, irreversible chain adsorption, the Debye-Waller factor of confined and confining media, chain rigidity, and the absolute value of the vitrification temperature. We end by highlighting the molecular origin of distributions in relaxation times and glass transition temperatures which exceed, by far, the size of a chain. Fast relaxation modes, almost universally present at the free surface between polymer and air, are also remarked upon. These modes relax at rates far larger than those characteristic of glassy dynamics in bulk. We speculate on how these may be a signature of unique relaxation processes occurring in confined or heterogeneous polymeric systems. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.

The performance of organic semiconductors in optoelectronic devices depends on the functional properties of the individual molecules and their mutual orientations when they are in the solid state. The effect of H- and J-aggregation on the photophysical properties and photovoltaic behavior of four electronically identical but structurally different thiophene-pyridine-diketopyrrolopyrrole molecules is studied. By introducing and changing the position of two hexyl side chains on the two peripheral thiophene units of these molecules, their aggregation in thin films between H-type and J-type is effectively tuned, as evidenced from the characteristics of optical absorption, fluorescence, and excited state lifetime. The two derivatives that assemble into J-type aggregates exhibit a significantly enhanced photovoltaic performance, up to an order of magnitude, compared to the two molecules that form H-type aggregates. The reasons for this remarkably different behavior are discussed. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Leijten A.J.M.,TU Eindhoven
WCTE 2016 - World Conference on Timber Engineering | Year: 2016

In many timber structures the bearing strength and stiffness are issues to be considered by the design engineer. The linear elastic-plastic behaviour of structural timber loaded perpendicular to grain has been a problematic issue for decades which is reflected in the differences between the more than twelve published models in structural design codes over the world. This study considers the bearing strength of Spruce being the most common used structural wood species in Europe. On the bases of a large database of over 1000 test results covering seven load cases, three of the latest's bearing models including the one now present in Eurocode 5 are evaluated for their strength predictive ability. It is shown that none of the present design models accurately reflect reality apart from one model that is based on the yield slip-line theory.

Palha A.,TU Eindhoven | Gerritsma M.,Technical University of Delft
Journal of Computational Physics | Year: 2017

In this work we present a mimetic spectral element discretization for the 2D incompressible Navier–Stokes equations that in the limit of vanishing dissipation exactly preserves mass, kinetic energy, enstrophy and total vorticity on unstructured triangular grids. The essential ingredients to achieve this are: (i) a velocity–vorticity formulation in rotational form, (ii) a sequence of function spaces capable of exactly satisfying the divergence free nature of the velocity field, and (iii) a conserving time integrator. Proofs for the exact discrete conservation properties are presented together with numerical test cases on highly irregular triangular grids. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Coumans A.E.,TU Eindhoven | Hensen E.J.M.,TU Eindhoven
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental | Year: 2017

We studied hydrodeoxygenation of model compounds for vegetable oil into diesel-range hydrocarbons on a sulfided NiMo/γ-Al2O3 catalyst under trickle-flow conditions. Methyl oleate (methyl ester of oleic acid, a C18 fatty acid with one unsaturated bond in the chain) represented the C18 alkyl esters in natural fats, oils and greases. The effect of temperature and pressure on activity and product distribution (mainly C17 and C18 hydrocarbons) were studied. Hydrolysis of the methyl ester results in fatty acid intermediates, which are converted by direct hydrodeoxygenation to C18 hydrocarbons or decarbonated (by decarbonylation or decarboxylation) to C17 hydrocarbons. Reactant inhibition is more pronounced for the former route. The reaction is hardly inhibited by H2S, H2O, CO and tetralin solvent. H2S and to a lesser extent H2O increase the C17/C18 hydrocarbon ratio, because they inhibit direct hydrodeoxygenation more than decarbonation. The catalyst surface contains different sites for direct hydrodeoxygenation and decarbonation reactions. During methyl oleate HDO, the catalyst slowly deactivated, mainly due to blocking of Lewis acid sites of the alumina support that catalyze methyl oleate hydrolysis. The catalyst was much more active in the HDO of triolein (glyceryl trioleate, representative triglyceride model compound) than in methyl oleate HDO, to be attributed to very facile hydrolysis of triglycerides. Although the overall kinetics of methyl oleate and triolein HDO were similar, our results show that the catalyst and H2S play a much more important role in the hydrolysis of methyl oleate than in hydrolysis of triglycerides. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Van Nes F.L.,TU Eindhoven
Human Vision and Electronic Imaging 2016, HVEI 2016 | Year: 2016

Unusual visual phenomena are used to stuih perception and (he following stages, characterized by: aesthetic appreciation and Judgment; contributions from cognitive and emotional factors • and a combined cognitive /udgment. wonder and a strong positive emotion, colloquially known as 'the wow factor'. Examples of the latter are impressions of 'super depth' and 'super sharpness'; they max occur after cataract operations but also mav foliou less dramatic visual events The research methods used are personaI observation with introspection, and interviews. An important feature oj mam1 unusual visual phenomena is their temporarmess. with, however, often the possibility to re-evoke them. Explanations to a certain extent mav be found in Bayesian reweightmg of perceptual criteria and also in neuroscience. in particular neurociesihettcs.

Tikhonova U.,TU Eindhoven
Software and Systems Modeling | Year: 2017

In the context of model-driven engineering, the dynamic (execution) semantics of domain-specific languages (DSLs) is usually not specified explicitly and stays (hard)coded in model transformations and code generation. This poses challenges such as learning, debugging, understanding, maintaining, and updating a DSL. Facing the lack of supporting tools for specifying the dynamic semantics of DSLs (or programming languages in general), we propose to specify the architecture and the detailed design of the software that implements the DSL, rather than requirements for the behavior expected from DSL programs. To compose such a specification, we use specification templates that capture software design solutions typical for the (application) domain of the DSL. As a result, on the one hand, our approach allows for an explicit and clear definition of the dynamic semantics of a DSL, supports separation of concerns and reuse of typical design solutions. On the other hand, we do not introduce (yet another) specification formalism, but we base our approach on an existing formalism and apply its extensive tool support for verification and validation to the dynamic semantics of a DSL. © 2017 The Author(s)

Coumans A.E.,TU Eindhoven | Hensen E.J.M.,TU Eindhoven
ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering | Year: 2017

The depolymerization of lignin to bioaromatics usually requires a hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) step to lower the oxygen content. A mixed Cu-Mg-Al oxide (CuMgAlOx) is an effective catalyst for the depolymerization of lignin in supercritical ethanol. We explored the use of Ni-based cocatalysts, i.e. Ni/SiO2, Ni2P/SiO2, and Ni/ASA (ASA = amorphous silica alumina), with the aim of combining lignin depolymerization and HDO in a single reaction step. While the silica-supported catalysts were themselves hardly active in lignin upgrading, Ni/ASA displayed comparable lignin monomer yield as CuMgAlOx. A drawback of using an acidic support is extensive dehydration of the ethanol solvent. Instead, combining CuMgAlOx with Ni/SiO2 and especially Ni2P/SiO2 proved to be effective in increasing the lignin monomer yield, while at the same time reducing the oxygen content of the products. With Ni2P/SiO2, the lignin monomer yield was 53 wt %, leading to nearly complete deoxygenation of the aromatic products. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

van der Geer B.,TU Eindhoven
Optics InfoBase Conference Papers | Year: 2016

Smart*Light is a planned Dutch tabletop light source based on Inverse Compton Scattering (ICS) for medical imaging, material science and the study of artwork. Key features are compact X-band accelerators, different modes of operation for the X-ray beam and a novel design process. © OSA 2016.

Matters-Krammerer M.,TU Eindhoven
Optics InfoBase Conference Papers | Year: 2016

Combining optical and electronic technologies leads to new functionality in millimeter-wave / terahertz spectroscopy and imaging as well as high data rate optical communication. This talk will highlight three projects, were the merging of optical and electronic technologies and functionality are demonstrated in sub-terahertz spectroscopy, high-data rate free-space optics with millimeter-wave wireless positioning as well as electro-optic modulators. © OSA 2016.

Astola L.,TU Eindhoven
2016 6th International Conference on Image Processing Theory, Tools and Applications, IPTA 2016 | Year: 2016

Digital pathology employs images that were acquired by imaging thin tissue samples through a microscope. The preparation of a sample from a biopt to the glass slide entering the imaging device is done manually introducing large variability in the samples to be imaged. For visible contrast it is necessary to stain the samples prior to imaging. Different stains attach to different compounds elucidating the different cellular structures. Towards automatic analysis and for visual comparability there is a need to standardize the images to obtain consistent appearances regardless of the potential differences in sample preparation. A standard approach is to unmix the the various stains computationally, normalize each separate stain image and to recombine these. This paper describes a modification to a standard blind method for stain normalization. The performance is quantified in terms of annotated expert data. Theoretical analysis is presented to rationalize the new approach. © 2016 IEEE.

Martens D.R.W.,TU Eindhoven
Brick and Block Masonry: Trends, Innovations and Challenges - Proceedings of the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference, IBMAC 2016 | Year: 2016

The current methods for the determination of the spacing of movement joints are based on local traditions and bad experiences with cracked veneer walls. Inspired by the various design rules which were used throughout Europe, very stringent limits for spacing of movement joints have been adopted in Eurocode 6 (EC6). Although EC6 states that the spacing of movement joints may be increased by introducing bed joint reinforcement, no specific design rules are given. In case of reinforced masonry, guidance should be given by the manufacturers of the bed joint reinforcement. Architects as well as contractors and building owners are not pleased with these new rules. Movement joints disturb the appearance of the masonry veneer wall, increase the cost price of the building and need to be maintained. As a result, manufacturers of bricks, mortar, brackets and bed joint reinforcement, which consult designers and contractors in determining the locations of movement joints, need some guidance in enhancing the spacing of such joints. Until now, only limited scientific research has been carried out. In most cases these researches focus on numerical simulations without taking time dependent effects into account, yielding conservative results. In order to support the consulting manufacturers with more practical and realistic design rules, a new method for the determination of the spacing of movement joints has been developed. This method is based on Peter Schubert’s model and on experiences with masonry buildings in practice. It takes into account the effects of curing of the bricks, mortar type, time between bricklaying and pointing, wall orientation, temperature at execution and extreme values of temperature in winter and summer time. In this paper, the new method for solid unreinforced veneer walls is described. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, London.

Vermeltfoort A.T.,TU Eindhoven
Brick and Block Masonry: Trends, Innovations and Challenges - Proceedings of the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference, IBMAC 2016 | Year: 2016

The design of reinforcement in masonry beams is straight forward. A few, relatively small diameter bars in one or two bottom layers is often sufficient to form a tie while in the masonry compressive struts develop. In the layers further away from the tensile area, often reinforcement is applied with the idea that this decreases the risk of crack development and might increase shear capacity. Masonry beams with a height of 490 mm, 550 mm or 625 mm and a span of 1350 mm, with and without extra bed joint reinforcement were tested. In a number of cases, bed joint reinforcement with a closed hoop configuration was applied. The results of these tests are presented and the effect of the extra reinforcement on load bearing capacity discussed. Extra reinforcement did not always increase shear capacity; on the contrary, the capacity was sometimes smaller because the extra reinforcement affected the capacity of the compression struts negatively. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, London.

Voerman S.A.,TU Eindhoven | Nickel P.J.,TU Eindhoven
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy (United Kingdom) | Year: 2017

The adoption of web-based telecare services has raised multifarious ethical concerns, but a traditional principle-based approach provides limited insight into how these concerns might be addressed and what, if anything, makes them problematic. We take an alternative approach, diagnosing some of the main concerns as arising from a core phenomenon of shifting trust relations that come about when the physician plays a less central role in the delivery of care, and new actors and entities are introduced. Correspondingly, we propose an applied ethics of trust based on the idea that patients should be provided with good reasons to trust telecare services, which we call sound trust. On the basis of this approach, we propose several concrete strategies for safeguarding sound trust in telecare. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press, on behalf of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy Inc. All rights reserved.

Khandelwal H.,TU Eindhoven | Schenning A.P.H.J.,TU Eindhoven | Debije M.G.,TU Eindhoven
Advanced Energy Materials | Year: 2017

Windows are vital elements in the built environment that have a large impact on the energy consumption in indoor spaces, affecting heating and cooling and artificial lighting requirements. Moreover, they play an important role in sustaining human health and well-being. In this review, we discuss the next generation of smart windows based on organic materials which can change their properties by reflecting or transmitting excess solar energy (infrared radiation) in such a way that comfortable indoor temperatures can be maintained throughout the year. Moreover, we place emphasis on windows that maintain transparency in the visible region so that additional energy is not required to retain natural illumination. We discuss a number of ways to fabricate windows which remain as permanent infrared control elements throughout the year as well as windows which can alter transmission properties in presence of external stimuli like electric fields, temperature and incident light intensity. We also show the potential impact of these windows on energy saving in different climate conditions. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Leijten A.J.M.,TU Eindhoven
Procedia Engineering | Year: 2017

At the UN-Paris conference in 2015 countries accepted the challenge to fight Green House Gas emissions (GHG) during the next decades in an attempt to stop global warming. In Europe the aim is that all future new buildings aim at nearly zero-energy consumption and be highly material efficient whilst the existing building stock will be refurbished at a rate of 2% annually. Numerous international scientific studies have found that timber-framed buildings result in lower GHG emissions than their steel and concrete counterparts. For green building construction (relative) new timber products and connection methods conquer the market such as Cross Laminated Timber products. CLT products allow fast and cost effective execution of the building while structural limitations and disadvantages of the traditional timber frame construction are overcome. Examples of multi-storey timber structures are presented. These steps forward were ministered by the development of innovative timber fastener connections like self-tapping screws and reinforced dvw tube connections. © 2017 The Authors.

Black L.E.,TU Eindhoven
Journal of Applied Physics | Year: 2017

It is shown that previously proposed expressions for the semiconductor electron-hole product, which purport to separate the influence of carrier degeneracy and bandgap narrowing, fail to properly delineate these effects. A reformulation of the expression in which the two effects are successfully separated is proposed, valid when the majority carrier concentration is independent of bandgap narrowing, as occurs in the common case of low injection and quasi-neutrality. It is shown that under other conditions, the two effects may not be treated in isolation but that only their combined effect or the marginal effect of one or the other on the total electron-hole product may be assessed. Convenient expressions are provided for the latter case. The revised expression provides both conceptual and computational advantages for semiconductor device modelling. © 2017 Author(s).

Davids M.,TU Eindhoven
Journal of Modern European History | Year: 2016

By analysing the creation and development of the health-enhancing product Becel over more than three decades, this article illustrates how techno-scientific frontier processes impacted on the Dutch-British firm, Unilever. The expansion of the scientific frontier led to new insights in the field of cardiovascular diseases, which not only affected the medical community, but also food companies such as Unilever. The development of Becel in the early 1960s - initially as a diet fat and later as a diet margarine - required state-of-The-Art food science research. We can identify a growing tension between the scientific techno-scientific frontier processes and the public acceptance of scientific insights. While the researchers' drive to expand the scientific frontier remained the same throughout three decades, the legitimation of the company's activities by referring to scientific progress became increasingly difficult. This was not without consequences for Unilever. I argue that this was due to three related processes that unfolded in the early 1970s. Scientific debates became public, society at large was losing its faith in science and experts and finally, in Unilever itself: Marketing managers and their ideas on how to position Becel became more dominant than those of the laboratory researchers.

Krijnen T.,TU Eindhoven | Beetz J.,TU Eindhoven
Advanced Engineering Informatics | Year: 2017

In this paper we suggest an extension to the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) model to integrate point cloud datasets. The proposal includes a schema extension to the core model allowing the storage of points, either as Cartesian coordinates, points in parametric space of associated building element surfaces or as discrete height fields projected as grids onto building elements. To handle the considerable amounts of data generated in the process of scanning building structures, we present intelligent compression approaches combined with the Hierarchical Data Format (HDF) as an efficient serialization and an alternative to clear text encoded ISO 10303 part 21 files. Based on prototypical implementations we show results of various serialization options and their impacts on storage efficiency.In this proposal the deepened semantic relationships have been favoured over compression ratios. Nevertheless, with various near-lossless layers of compression and binary serialization applied, a compression ratio of up to 67.7% is obtained for a building model with integrated point clouds, compared to the raw source data. The binary serialization is able to handle hundreds of millions of points, out of which specific spatial and semantic subsets can rapidly be extracted due to the containerized hierarchical storage model and association to building elements. The authors advocate the use of binary storage for sizeable point cloud scans, but also show how especially the grid discretization can result into usable points cloud segments embedded into text-based IFC models. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

Hummels C.,TU Eindhoven
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2016

This papers shows the Embodied Encounters Studio (EES) which facilitates live encounters between 2-4 persons while stimulating them to have a hands-on discussion, and which facilitates also the recording of the encounters, thus collecting data for further analysis. EES is especially developed for the project "Engaging Encounters: sketching futures together", during which I explore with 100 inspirators all over the world potential futures. The studio is based on the principle of participatory sensemaking grounded in embodied and situated interactions in a shared action space. The studio offers a stage for interaction, several tools to spark the encounters and recording devices to capture the encounters for data analysis. We are currently developing the more interactive 2.0 version that visualizes on spot thus enhancing sensemaking. © 2016 Authors.

Nederlof J.,TU Eindhoven
Information Processing Letters | Year: 2017

Given n positive integers we show how to construct a proof that the number of subsets summing to a particular integer t equals a claimed quantity. The proof is of size O⁎(t), can be constructed in O⁎(t) time and can be probabilistically verified in time O⁎(t) with at most 1/2 one-sided error probability. Here O⁎(⋅) omits factors polynomial in the input size. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Lenstra D.,TU Eindhoven
Conference Digest - IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference | Year: 2016

A rate-equation theory is derived for a laser consisting of two Fabry-Pérot cavities coupled via self-imaging in a multi-mode interference reflector. Stable single-mode anti-phase operation is demonstrated and locking ranges are calculated. The shapes of output-intensity curves agree well with measured curves. © 2016 IEICE-ES.

Jansen B.M.P.,TU Eindhoven | Wulms J.J.H.M.,TU Eindhoven
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs | Year: 2017

Garnero et al. [SIAM J. Discrete Math. 2015, 29(4):1864-1894] recently introduced a framework based on dynamic programming to make applications of the protrusion replacement technique constructive and to obtain explicit upper bounds on the involved constants. They show that for several graph problems, for every boundary size t one can find an explicit set t of representatives. Any subgraph H with a boundary of size t can be replaced with a representative H′ ∈ t such that the effect of this replacement on the optimum can be deduced from H and H′ alone. Their upper bounds on the size of the graphs in t grow triple-exponentially with t. In this paper we complement their results by lower bounds on the sizes of representatives, in terms of the boundary size t. For example, we show that each set of planar representatives t for the Independent Set problem contains a graph with Ω(2t/√4t) vertices. This lower bound even holds for sets that only represent the planar subgraphs of bounded pathwidth. To obtain our results we provide a lower bound on the number of equivalence classes of the canonical equivalence relation for Independent Set on t-boundaried graphs. We also find an elegant characterization of the number of equivalence classes in general graphs, in terms of the number of monotone functions of a certain kind. Our results show that the number of equivalence classes is at most 22t, improving on earlier bounds of the form (t + 1)2t. © 2016 Bart M.P. Jansen and Jules J. H. M. Wulms.

Cruz P.J.S.,University of Minho | Belis J.,TU Eindhoven
Structures and Architecture - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Structures and Architecture, ICSA 2016 | Year: 2016

This paper aims to give an insight into the compressive strength of the icecellulose composite which was recently used to build two challenging reinforced ice structures in Juuka, Finland: (1) a large reinforced arch bridge inspired by Leonardo Da Vinci and (2) a hypar shell inspired in Félix Candela. A comparison with the behaviour of ice specimens extracted from the Lake Pielinen is also provided. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, London.

Bansal N.,TU Eindhoven | Reichman D.,University of California at Berkeley | Umboh S.W.,TU Eindhoven
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms | Year: 2017

We give a general approach for solving optimization problems on noisy minor free and bounded treewidth graphs, where a fraction of edges are adversarially corrupted. The noisy setting was first considered by Magen and Moharrami and they gave a estimation algorithm for the independent set problem. Later, Chan and Har-Peled designed a local search algorithm that finds a approximate independent set. However, nothing was known regarding other problems in the noisy setting. Our main contribution is a general LP-based framework that yields approximation algorithms for noisy MAX-k-CSPs. Copyright © by SIAM.

Grammatico S.,TU Eindhoven
2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016 | Year: 2016

We consider the problem to control a large population of noncooperative heterogeneous agents, each with strongly convex quadratic cost function depending on the average population state, and all sharing a convex constraint, towards a competitive equilibrium. We assume a minimal information structure through which a central controller can broadcast incentive signals to control the decentralized optimal responses of the agents. We propose a model-free dynamic control law that, based on monotone operator theory arguments, ensures global convergence to an equilibrium independently on the parameters defining the quadratic cost functions, nor on the convex constraints. © 2016 IEEE.

Grammatico S.,TU Eindhoven
2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016 | Year: 2016

We consider the problem to control a large population of noncooperative heterogeneous agents, each with strongly convex cost function depending on the average population state and convex constraints, towards an aggregative Nash equilibrium. We assume a minimal information structure through which a central controller can broadcast incentive signals to control the decentralized optimal responses of the agents. We propose a dynamic controller that, based on fixed point operator theory arguments, ensures global convergence if a sufficient condition on the matrix parameter defining the cost functions holds, yet independently on the convex constraints. © 2016 IEEE.

Grammatico S.,TU Eindhoven
2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016 | Year: 2016

We address the problem to control the charging schedules in a large population of plug-in electric vehicles, considered as heterogeneous noncooperative agents, with different strongly convex quadratic cost functions weakly coupled by a common pricing signal, and convex charging constraints, e.g. plug-in times, deadlines and capacity limits. We assume a minimal information structure through which a central controller can broadcast incentive signals to coordinate the decentralized optimal responses of the agents. We propose a dynamic controller that, based on fixed point operator theory arguments, ensures global exponential convergence to an aggregative Nash equilibrium for large population size. We build upon the recent literature, further address general convex quadratic cost functions and convex constraints, and show exponential convergence without imposing technical assumptions. Finally, we illustrate the benefits of the proposed control law via numerical simulations, where the aggregate charging demand tends to fill the overnight demand valley. © 2016 IEEE.

Bruckner G.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | Rutter I.,TU Eindhoven
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms | Year: 2017

Let G = (V;E) be a directed graph and : V ! [k] := f1; : : : ; kg a level assignment such that ℓ(u) < ℓ(v) for all directed edges (u; v) 2 E. A level planar drawing of G is a drawing of G where each vertex v is mapped to a unique point on the horizontal line i with y-coordinate ℓ(v), and each edge is drawn as a y-monotone curve between its endpoints such that no two curves cross in their interior. In the problem Constrained Level Planarity (CLP for short), we are further given a partial ordering ℓi of Vi := 1(i) for i 2 [k], and we seek a level planar drawing where the order of the vertices on i is a linear extension of ℓi. A special case of this is the problem Partial Level Planarity (PLP for short), where we are asked to extend a given level-planar drawing H of a subgraph H ⊆ G to a complete drawing G of G without modifying the given drawing, i.e., the restriction of G to H must coincide with H. We give a simple polynomial-time algorithm with running time O(n5) for CLP of single-source graphs that is based on a simplified version of an existing levelplanarity testing algorithm for single-source graphs. We introduce a modified type of PQ-tree data structure that is capable of efficiently handling the arising constraints to improve the running time to O(n + kℓ), where is the size of the constraints. We complement this result by showing that PLP is NP-complete even in very restricted cases. In particular, PLP remains NPcomplete even when G is a subdivision of a triconnected planar graph with bounded degree. Copyright © by SIAM.

Dorfler F.,ETH Zurich | Grammatico S.,TU Eindhoven
Automatica | Year: 2017

We propose a novel frequency control approach in between centralized and distributed architectures, that is a continuous-time feedback control version of the dual decomposition optimization method. Specifically, a convex combination of the frequency measurements is centrally aggregated, followed by an integral control and a broadcast signal, which is then optimally allocated at local generation units. We show that our gather-and-broadcast control architecture comprises many previously proposed strategies as special cases. We prove local asymptotic stability of the closed-loop equilibria of the considered power system model, which is a nonlinear differential–algebraic system that includes traditional generators, frequency-responsive devices, as well as passive loads, where the sources are already equipped with primary droop control. Our feedback control is designed such that the closed-loop equilibria of the power system solve the optimal economic dispatch problem. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Dolk V.,TU Eindhoven | Heemels M.,TU Eindhoven
Automatica | Year: 2017

Networked control systems (NCSs) offer many benefits in terms of increased flexibility and maintainability but might also suffer from inevitable imperfections such as packet dropouts and limited communications resources. In this paper, (static and dynamic) event-triggered control (ETC) strategies are proposed that aim at reducing the utilization of communication resources while guaranteeing desired stability and performance criteria and a strictly positive lower bound on the inter-event times despite the presence of packet losses. For the packet losses, we consider both configurations with an acknowledgement scheme (as, e.g., in the transmission control protocol (TCP)) and without an acknowledgement scheme (as, e.g., in the user diagram protocol (UDP)). The proposed design methodology will be illustrated by means of a numerical example which reveals tradeoffs between the maximum allowable number of successive packet dropouts, (minimum and average) inter-event times and Lp-gains of the closed-loop NCS. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Yu B.,TU Eindhoven
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2016

Mind-body practices are widely used to reduce feelings of tension and effects of stress. With biofeedback, users receive information (feedback) about their body (bio), which facilitates mind and body interactions. Biofeedback process is a highly individual experience in the way the users respond to the feedback and use it to regulate their thoughts and physiology. This research explores a novel adaptive biofeedback system for mindbody practices. The proposed biofeedback system could adapt its feedback source, information load and interface modality based on the user's physiological states, achieved performance and interaction. The adaptive biofeedback system is currently being developed and a longitudinal evaluation will be conducted in the future. © 2016 Authors.

Markopoulos P.,TU Eindhoven
International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Proceedings IUI | Year: 2017

Well-known trends pertaining to the aging of population and the rising costs of healthcare motivate the development of rehabilitation technology. There is a considerable body of work in this area including efforts to make serious games, virtual reality and robotic applications. While innovative technologies have been introduced over the years, and often researchers produce promising experimental results, these technologies have not yet delivered the anticipated benefits. The causes for this apparent failure are evident when looking a closer look at the case of stroke rehabilitation, which is one of the heaviest researched topics for developing rehabilitation technologies. It is argued that improvements should be sought by centering the design on an understanding of patient needs, allowing patients, therapists and care givers in general to personalize solutions to the need of patients, effective feedback and motivation strategies to be implemented, and an in depth understanding of the socio-Technical system in which the rehabilitation technology will be embedded. These are classic challenges that human computer interaction (HCI) researchers have been dealing with for years, which is why the field of rehabilitation technology requires considerable input from HCI researchers, and which explains the growing number of relevant HCI publications pertaining to rehabilitation. The talk reviews related research carried out at the Eindhoven University of Technology together with collaborating institutes, which has examined the value of tangible user interfaces and embodied interaction in rehabilitation, how designing playful interactions or games with a functional purpose., feedback design. I shall discuss the work we have done to develop rehabilitation technologies for the TagTrrainer system in the doctoral research of Daniel Tetteroo [2,3,4] and the explorations on wearable solutions in the doctoral research of Wang Qi.[5,6]. With our research being design driven and explorative, I will discuss also the current state of the art for the field and the challenges that need to be addressed for human computer interaction research to make a larger impact in the domain of rehabilitation technology. © 2017 ACM.

Drugan M.M.,TU Eindhoven
2016 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, SSCI 2016 | Year: 2016

We focus on automatic anomaly detection in SQL databases for security systems. Many logs of database systems, here the Townhall database, contain detailed information about users, like the SQL queries and the response of the database. A database is a list of log instances, where each log instance is a Cartesian product of feature values with an attached anomaly score. All log instances with the anomaly score in the top percentile are identified as anomalous. Our contribution is multi-folded. We define a model for anomaly detection of SQL databases that learns the structure of Bayesian networks from data. Our method for automatic feature extraction generates the maximal spanning tree to detect the strongest similarities between features. Novel anomaly scores based on the joint probability distribution of the database features and the log-likelihood of the maximal spanning tree detect both point and contextual anomalies. Multiple anomaly scores are combined within a robust anomaly analysis algorithm. We validate our method on the Townhall database showing the performance of our anomaly detection algorithm. © 2016 IEEE.

Abam M.A.,Sharif University of Technology | De Berg M.,TU Eindhoven | Seraji M.J.R.,Sharif University of Technology
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms | Year: 2017

Let S be a set S of n points on a polyhedral terrain T in R3, and let ϵ > 0 be a fixed constant. We prove that S admits a (2 + ϵ)-spanner with O(n log n) edges with respect to the geodesic distance. This is the first spanner with constant spanning ratio and a near-linear number of edges for points on a terrain. On our way to this result, we prove that any set of n weighted points in Rd admits an additively weighted (2 + ϵ)-spanner with O(n) edges; this improves the previously best known bound on the spanning ratio (which was 5 + ϵ), and almost matches the lower bound. Copyright © by SIAM.

Jansen B.M.P.,TU Eindhoven | Pilipczuk M.,University of Warsaw
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms | Year: 2017

The Chordal Vertex Deletion (ChVD) problem asks to delete a minimum number of vertices from an input graph to obtain a chordal graph. In this paper we develop a polynomial kernel for ChVD under the parameterization by the solution size. Using a new Erdos-Posa type packing/covering duality for holes in nearly-chordal graphs, we present a polynomial-time algorithm that reduces any instance (G; k) of ChVD to an equivalent instance with poly(k) vertices. The existence of a polynomial kernel answers an open problem of Marx from 2006 [WG 2006, LNCS 4271, 37{48]. To obtain the kernelization, we develop the first poly(opt)- Approximation algorithm for ChVD, which is of independent interest. In polynomial time, it either decides that G has no chordal deletion set of size k, or outputs a solution of size O(k4 log2 k). Copyright © by SIAM.

Buchin K.,TU Eindhoven | Ophelders T.,TU Eindhoven | Speckmann B.,TU Eindhoven
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms | Year: 2017

The Fréchet distance is a well-studied measure for the similarity of shapes. While efficient algorithms for computing the Fréchet distance between curves exist, there are only few results on the Fréchet distance between surfaces. Recent work has shown that the Fréchet distance is computable between piecewise linear functions f and g : M → Rk with M a triangulated surface of genus zero. We focus on the case k = 1 and M being a topological sphere or disk with constant boundary. Intuitively, we measure the distance between terrains based solely on the height function. Our main result is that in this case computing the Fréchet distance between f and g is in NP. We additionally show that already for k = 1, computing a factor 2 - ϵ approximation of the Fréchet distance is NP-hard, showing that this problem is in fact NP-complete. We also define an intermediate distance, between contour trees, which we also show to be NP-complete to compute. Finally, we discuss how our and other distance measures between contour trees relate to each other. Copyright © by SIAM.

News Article | March 24, 2017
Site: www.techtimes.com

Putting an end to the woes of slow Wi-Fi, researchers at the Eindhoven University of Technology have come up with a novel solution — a wireless network based on infrared rays. The credit for the innovation goes to a Ph.D. student Joanne Oh. The benefit of the research done in Netherlands is two-fold. One is the unraveling of the massive capacity per light ray and leveraging the flexibility of Li-Fi in targeting multiple devices simultaneously. It also took a leap beyond the already tried LED-based Wi-Fi by tapping instead the infrared rays to carry data to devices. The second benefit is the massive capacity to the tune of more than 40Gbit/s per ray. Also, the devices are not required to be shared in the system as every gadget gets its share of light. Wi-Fi radio signals are usually in the frequency range of 2.5 or 5 gigahertz, whereas the infrared light used by TU Eindhoven offers wavelengths averaging 1500 nanometers and up. When light frequencies are high, the data capacity of the light rays will also shoot up. Showing the potential for massive speed, Joanne Oh ramped up the download speed up to 42.8 Gbps in a distance of 2.5 meters under the system. The value of such a high speed can be gauged by contrasting it with the average connection speed in the Netherlands that is down two thousand times less at 17.6 Mbps. Even the best Wi-Fi will not exceed more than 300 Mbps. When it comes to the advantages, the system stands out for its simplicity and cost efficiency. Central 'light antennas' take care of the wireless data to direct the light coming from an optical fiber. No power is required and it is maintenance-free as no moving part is involved. Light rays of different wavelengths in various angles are arranged under a process called 'passive diffraction gratings' by the grated antenna. When there is a change in the wavelengths of light, the direction of the light will also change automatically. While moving the devices such as smartphone or tablet, the antenna's line of sight may change but that will be taken over by another light antenna. For tracking the network location of devices, radio signals transmitted in the return direction are leveraged. There is no need to share, as each device gets a different wavelength by the same light antenna. Also, there is no interference from other neighboring Wi-Fi networks. Oh's research was part of the BROWSE project led by Ton Koonen, who is a professor of broadband communication technology. While Oh set the focus on directable infrared light rays for data transmission, there are others working on a technology that tracks the location of wireless devices and central fiber-optic network that connect with light antennas. According to Koonen, it will take at least five years for the new technology to be commercialized. He said the devices that can be connected to this new wireless network will include high data guzzlers like video monitors, tablets, and laptops in the first phase. © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Canadell J.,TU Eindhoven | Goossens H.,TU Eindhoven | Klumperman B.,TU Eindhoven | Klumperman B.,Stellenbosch University
Macromolecules | Year: 2011

Autonomous healing of damage is a common phenomenon in living organisms but is hardly ever encountered in synthetic materials. Disulfide chemistry is used to introduce a self-healing ability in a covalently cross-linked rubber. Autonomous healing of a cut takes place at moderate temperatures and leads to full recovery of mechanical properties. This result is achieved by introducing disulfide groups in the network that are able to exchange, leading to renewal of cross-links across the damaged surfaces. The healing process can be repeated many times. The combination of their unique self-healing properties and applicability for a large variety of polymers makes this approach ideal for coatings. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Darvishian M.,University of Groningen | Bijlsma M.J.,Unit of PharmacoEpidemiology and PharmacoEconomics PE2 | Hak E.,University of Groningen | van den Heuvel E.R.,University of Groningen | van den Heuvel E.R.,TU Eindhoven
The Lancet Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

Background: The application of test-negative design case-control studies to assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine has increased substantially in the past few years. The validity of these studies is predicated on the assumption that confounding bias by risk factors is limited by design. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in a high-risk group of elderly people. Methods: We searched the Cochrane library, Medline, and Embase up to July 13, 2014, for test-negative design case-control studies that assessed the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine against laboratory confirmed influenza in community-dwelling people aged 60 years or older. We used generalised linear mixed models, adapted for test-negative design case-control studies, to estimate vaccine effectiveness according to vaccine match and epidemic conditions. Findings: 35 test-negative design case-control studies with 53 datasets met inclusion criteria. Seasonal influenza vaccine was not significantly effective during local virus activity, irrespective of vaccine match or mismatch to the circulating viruses. Vaccination was significantly effective against laboratory confirmed influenza during sporadic activity (odds ratio [OR] 0.69, 95% CI 0.48-0.99) only when the vaccine matched. Additionally, vaccination was significantly effective during regional (match: OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.30-0.60; mismatch: OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.41-0.79) and widespread (match: 0.54, 0.46-0.62; mismatch: OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.60-0.85) outbreaks. Interpretation: Our findings show that in elderly people, irrespective of vaccine match, seasonal influenza vaccination is effective against laboratory confirmed influenza during epidemic seasons. Efforts should be renewed worldwide to further increase uptake of the influenza vaccine in the elderly population. Funding: None. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Milroy L.-G.,TU Eindhoven | Grossmann T.N.,TU Dortmund | Brunsveld L.,TU Eindhoven | Ottmann C.,TU Eindhoven
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2014

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are operative at all levels of cellular organization and function. Peptide stapling and hydrogen-bond surrogates, among other approaches, were used to improve the metabolic stability and cell membrane permeability of peptides, which is an important step toward PPI targeting therapeutics. Oligomeric structures such as foldamers represent highly promising, metabolically stable secondary structure mimics, while the structural diversity and biological relevance of natural products will continue to be a rich source for PPI drug discovery. Virtual screening can offer a cost-effective alternative to high-throughput screening (HTS), while supramolecular approaches represent novel orthogonal entries for PPI modulation. Accordingly, depending on the general principle of these screening methods and the biophysical characteristics that the proteins of interest have to possess, a differentiation can be made between surface based and proximity based assays.

Albertazzi L.,TU Eindhoven | Albertazzi L.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience | Bendikov M.,Weizmann Institute of Science | Baran P.S.,Scripps Research Institute
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2012

The detection of chemical or biological analytes upon molecular reactions relies increasingly on fluorescence methods, and there is a demand for more sensitive, more specific, and more versatile fluorescent molecules. We have designed long wavelength fluorogenic probes with a turn-ON mechanism based on a donor-two-acceptor π-electron system that can undergo an internal charge transfer to form new fluorochromes with longer π-electron systems. Several latent donors and multiple acceptor molecules were incorporated into the probe modular structure to generate versatile dye compounds. This new library of dyes had fluorescence emission in the near-infrared (NIR) region. Computational studies reproduced the observed experimental trends well and suggest factors responsible for high fluorescence of the donor-two-acceptor active form and the low fluorescence observed from the latent form. Confocal images of HeLa cells indicate a lysosomal penetration pathway of a selected dye. The ability of these dyes to emit NIR fluorescence through a turn-ON activation mechanism makes them promising candidate probes for in vivo imaging applications. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Dang D.T.,TU Eindhoven | Van Dongen J.L.J.,TU Eindhoven | Brunsveld L.,TU Eindhoven
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2010

(Figure Presented) Hosted dimerization: Proteins such as yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) with an N-terminal FGG peptide motif form dimers mediated by supramolecular interactions with cucurbit[8]uril (see scheme). The protein dimerization, which is observed by FRET and size-exclusion chromatography, can be reversed with methyl viologen as a bioorthogonal ligand, which displaces the FCC motifs from the cucurbit[8]uril host. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Groenwold A.A.,Stellenbosch University | Etman L.F.P.,TU Eindhoven
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering | Year: 2010

In topology optimization, it is customary to use reciprocal-like approximations, which result in monotonically decreasing approximate objective functions. In this paper, we demonstrate that efficient quadratic approximations for topology optimization can also be derived, if the approximate Hessian terms are chosen with care. To demonstrate this, we construct a dual SAO algorithm for topology optimization based on a strictly convex, diagonal quadratic approximation to the objective function. Although the approximation is purely quadratic, it does contain essential elements of reciprocal-like approximations: for self-adjoint problems, our approximation is identical to the quadratic or second-order Taylor series approximation to the exponential approximation. We present both a single-point and a two-point variant of the new quadratic approximation. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Van Den Dries S.,TU Eindhoven | Wiering M.A.,University of Groningen
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems | Year: 2012

This paper describes a methodology for quickly learning to play games at a strong level. The methodology consists of a novel combination of three techniques, and a variety of experiments on the game of Othello demonstrates their usefulness. First, structures or topologies in neural network connectivity patterns are used to decrease the number of learning parameters and to deal more effectively with the structural credit assignment problem, which is to change individual network weights based on the obtained feedback. Furthermore, the structured neural networks are trained with the novel neural-fitted temporal difference (TD) learning algorithm to create a system that can exploit most of the training experiences and enhance learning speed and performance. Finally, we use the neural-fitted TD-leaf algorithm to learn more effectively when look-ahead search is performed by the game-playing program. Our extensive experimental study clearly indicates that the proposed method outperforms linear networks and fully connected neural networks or evaluation functions evolved with evolutionary algorithms. © 2012 IEEE.

Voss T.,TU Eindhoven | Scherpen J.M.A.,University of Groningen
Automatica | Year: 2011

In this paper we show how to perform stabilization and shape control for a finite dimensional model that recasts the dynamics of an inflatable space reflector in port-Hamiltonian (pH) form. We show how to derive a decentralized passivity-based controller which can be used to stabilize a 1D piezoelectric Timoshenko beam around a desired shape. Furthermore, we present simulation results obtained for the proposed decentralized control approach. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Van Der Bij H.,University of Groningen | Van Weele A.,TU Eindhoven
Journal of Product Innovation Management | Year: 2013

As today's firms increasingly outsource their noncore activities, they not only have to manage their own resources and capabilities, but they are ever more dependent on the resources and capabilities of supplying firms to respond to customer needs. This paper explicitly examines whether and how firms and suppliers, who are both oriented to the same customer market, enable innovativeness in their supply chains and deliver value to their joint customer. We will call this customer of the focal firm the "end user." The authors take a resource-dependence perspective to hypothesize how suppliers' end-user orientation and innovativeness influence downstream activities at the focal firm and end-user satisfaction. The resource dependence theory looks typically beyond the boundaries of an individual firm for explaining firm success: firms need to satisfy customer demands to survive and depend on other parties such as their suppliers to achieve customer satisfaction. Accordingly, the research design focuses on three parties along a supply chain: the focal firm, a supplier, and a customer of the focal firm (end user). The results drawn from a survey of 88 matched chains suggest the following. First, customer satisfaction is driven by focal firms' innovativeness. A focal firm's innovativeness depends, on the one hand, on a focal firm's market orientation and, on the other hand, on its suppliers' innovativeness. Second, no relationship could be established between a focal firm's market orientation and a supplier's end-user orientation. Market orientation typically has within-firm effects, while innovativeness has impact beyond the boundaries of the firm. These results suggest that firms create value for their customer through internal market orientation efforts and external suppliers' innovativeness. © 2013 Product Development & Management Association.

Dirksz D.A.,TU Eindhoven | Scherpen J.M.A.,University of Groningen
Automatica | Year: 2012

Power-based modeling was originally developed in the early sixties to describe a large class of nonlinear electrical RLC networks, in a special gradient form. Recently this idea has been extended for modeling and control of a larger class of physical systems. In this paper, first, coordinate transformations are introduced for systems described in this framework, such that the physical structure is preserved. Such a transformation can provide new insights for both analysis and control design. Second, power-based integral and adaptive control schemes are presented. Advantages of these schemes are shown by their application on standard mechanical systems. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ottmann C.,TU Eindhoven
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

14-3-3 Proteins are eukaryotic adapter proteins that regulate a plethora of physiological processes by binding to several hundred partner proteins. They play a role in biological activities as diverse as signal transduction, cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, host-pathogen interactions and metabolic control. As such, 14-3-3s are implicated in disease areas like cancer, neurodegeneration, diabetes, pulmonary disease, and obesity. Targeted modulation of 14-3-3 protein-protein interactions (PPIs) by small molecules is therefore an attractive concept for disease intervention. In recent years a number of examples of inhibitors and stabilizers of 14-3-3 PPIs have been reported promising a vivid future in chemical biology and drug development for this remarkable class of proteins. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Wang F.,Shanghai University | Duarte J.L.,TU Eindhoven | Hendrix M.A.M.,TU Eindhoven
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2011

During voltage dips continuous power delivery from distributed generation systems to the grid is desirable for the purpose of grid support. In order to facilitate the control of inverter-based distributed power generation adapted to the expected change of grid requirements, generalized power control strategies based on symmetric-sequence components are proposed in this paper, aiming to manipulate the delivered instantaneous power under unbalanced voltage dips. It is shown that active and reactive power can be independently controlled with two individually adaptable parameters. By changing these parameters, the relative amplitudes of oscillating power can be smoothly regulated, as well as the peak values of three-phase grid currents. As a result, the power control of grid-interactive inverters becomes quite flexible and adaptable to various grid requirements or design constraints. Furthermore, two strategies for simultaneous active and reactive power control are proposed that preserve flexible controllability; an application example is given to illustrate the simplicity and adaptability of the proposed strategies for online optimization control. Finally, experimental results are provided that verify the proposed power control. © 2006 IEEE.

Dirksz D.A.,University of Groningen | Dirksz D.A.,TU Eindhoven | Scherpen J.M.A.,University of Groningen
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2012

In this technical note, an adaptive control scheme is presented for general port-Hamiltonian systems. Adaptive control is used to compensate for control errors that are caused by unknown or uncertain parameter values of a system. The adaptive control is also combined with canonical transformation theory for port-Hamiltonian systems. This allows for the adaptive control to be applied on a large class of systems and for being included in the port-Hamiltonian framework. © 2012 IEEE.

Markard J.,Eawag - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology | Raven R.,TU Eindhoven | Truffer B.,Eawag - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
Research Policy | Year: 2012

Sustainability oriented innovation and technology studies have received increasing attention over the past 10-15 years. In particular, a new field dealing with "sustainability transitions" has gained ground and reached an output of 60-100 academic papers per year. In this article, we aim to identify the intellectual contours of this emerging field by conducting a review of basic conceptual frameworks, together with bibliographical analysis of 540 journal articles in the field. It is against this background that we position the six papers assembled in a special section in Research Policy. These papers pave the way for new conceptual developments and serve as stepping-stones in the maturation of sustainability transition studies, by linking with the scholarly literatures of management studies, sociology, policy studies, economic geography, and modeling. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Jalba A.C.,TU Eindhoven | Kustra J.,HIGH-TECH | Telea A.C.,University of Groningen
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence | Year: 2013

We present a GPU-based framework for extracting surface and curve skeletons of 3D shapes represented as large polygonal meshes. We use an efficient parallel search strategy to compute point-cloud skeletons and their distance and feature transforms (FTs) with user-defined precision. We regularize skeletons by a new GPU-based geodesic tracing technique which is orders of magnitude faster and more accurate than comparable techniques. We reconstruct the input surface from skeleton clouds using a fast and accurate image-based method. We also show how to reconstruct the skeletal manifold structure as a polygon mesh and the curve skeleton as a polyline. Compared to recent skeletonization methods, our approach offers two orders of magnitude speed-up, high-precision, and low-memory footprints. We demonstrate our framework on several complex 3D models. © 2013 IEEE.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2012.2-2. | Award Amount: 16.63M | Year: 2012

The CONVENIENT project targets a 30% reduction of fuel consumption in vehicles for long-distance freight transport by developing an innovative heavy-truck archetype featuring a suite of innovative energy-saving technologies and solutions. From the customer viewpoint, fuel efficiency is top priority because of its significant impact in terms of cost (in the EU, fuel represents about 30% of the Total Operating Costs for a 40-ton tractor-semitrailer combination). Responding to this challenge, the objective of CONVENIENT is to achieve complete vehicle energy management by proposing highly innovative solutions for improved efficiency and enhanced integration of components (currently designed independently) which will be developed, integrated and evaluated directly on validator vehicles, including: innovative energy efficient systems, including hybrid transmission, electrified auxiliaries, dual level cooling, parking HVAC energy harvesting devices, like photovoltaic solar roof for truck and semitrailer; advanced active and passive aerodynamics devices for the truck and for the semitrailer: an Holistic Energy Management system at vehicle level; a Predictive Driver Support to maximize the energy saving benefits. a novel Hybrid Kinetic Energy Recovery System for the semitrailer. The most relevant and novel aspect of CONVENIENT is represented by the holistic approach to on-board energy management, considering the tractor, semi-trailer, driver and the mission as a whole. The CONVENIENT Consortium, which comprises three major EU truck manufacturers, ten Tier 1/2 suppliers, and a network of nine research centres and Universities, representing European excellence in the field of long distance transport R&D, is uniquely well-qualified with respect to the project scope and the highly ambitious target of achieving 30% gains in vehicle efficiency.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 855.00K | Year: 2015

RISE_BPM networks world-leading research institutions and corporate innovators to develop new horizons for Business Process Management (BPM). BPM is a boundary-spanning discipline focused on division and re-integration of day-to-day work in organisations and on analysis of process data for organisational decision-making. Recent break-through innovations in Social Computing, Smart Devices, Real-Time Computing, and Big Data Technology create a strong impetus for propelling BPM into a pervasive corporate topic that enables design of entirely new products and services. All RISE_BPM consortium members possess excellent expertise in distinct aspects of the BPM lifecycle, ranging from Strategy and Modelling to Implementation and Analysis of business processes. RISE_BPM networks this complementary knowledge to create a unique environment for BPM research and innovation. The research activities are organised with reference to the design-science paradigm, including joint activities for analysing technological enablers and societal impact factors, as well as designing innovative IT artefacts for the BPM lifecycle. Staff secondments and joint events promote a cumulative exchange of knowledge in a think-pair-square-share approach that networks large-scale research capabilities and innovation projects carried out by the involved organisations. Key objectives of RISE_BPM are (a) to propel BPM research into the era of Social Computing, Smart Devices, Real-Time Computing, and Big Data Technology; (b) to enable companies to develop new products and services for designing and analysing business processes; and (c) to supply the involved staff with a unique intellectual environment for accumulating boundary-spanning knowledge and skills that refer to the entire BPM lifecycle. RISE_BPM extends the established administrative structures of the European Research Center for Information Systems (ERCIS) by involving additional BPM thought leaders and corporate innovators.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 13.04M | Year: 2011

Smart systems consist of heterogeneous subsystems and components providing different functionalities; they are normally implemented as Multi-Package on a Board. To fully exploit the potential of current nanoelectronics technologies, as well as to enable the integration of existing/new IPs and More than Moore devices, smart system miniaturization and Multi-Chip in a Package implementation are unavoidable. Such goals are only achievable if a flexible software platform (i.e., the SMAC platform) for smart subsystems/components design and integration is made available to designers and system integrators.\nThe platform must include methodologies and EDA tools enabling multi-disciplinary and multi-scale modeling and design, simulation of multi-domain systems, subsystems and components at all levels of abstraction, system integration and exploration for optimization of specific metrics, such as power, performance, reliability and robustness.\nKey ingredients for the construction of the SMAC platform include: (1) The development of a cosimulation and co-design environment which is aware (and thus considers) the essential features of the basic subsystems and components to be integrated. (2) The development of modeling and design techniques, methods and tools that, when added to the platform, will enable multi-domain simulation and optimization at various levels of abstraction and across different technological domains.\nThe SMAC platform will allow to successfully address the following grand challenges related to the design and manufacturing of miniaturized smart systems: (1) Development of innovative smart subsystems and components demonstrating advanced performance, ultra low power and the capability of operating under special conditions (e.g., high reliability, long lifetime). (2) Design of miniaturized and integrated smart systems with advanced functionality and performance, including nanoscale sensing systems, possibly operating autonomously and in a networked fashion

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-26-2014 | Award Amount: 10.78M | Year: 2015

Following the trends of the creation of the The Internet of Things (IoT) and the rapid penetration of SSL based lighting, it is very advantageous to connect the luminaires in buildings to the Internet. OpenAIS aims at setting the leading standard for inclusion of lighting for professional applications in to IoT, with a focus on office lighting. This will enable a transition from the currently existing closed and command oriented lighting control systems to an open and service oriented system architecture. Openness and service orientation will create an eco-system of suppliers of interoperable components and a market for apps that exploit the lighting system to add value beyond the lighting function. Added value can e.g. be related to more efficient use of the building, reduction of carbon footprint and increased comfort and wellbeing. In addition, IoT will facilitate smooth and effective interaction of the lighting system with other functions in a building such as e.g. HVAC, security and access control. Extensibility and security of the system architecture are important aspects and will be guaranteed. The OpenAIS project will define the requirements and use cases for offices in 2020, define the best open system architecture, identify existing ICT components to be used and develop additional components. The system will be validated by a pilot installation in a real office setting. After the OpenAIS project, the Consortium will pursue standardization of the system architecture, aiming at the creation of the leading standard for Internet connected lighting. The project brings together a strong collaboration of the leading lighting companies Zumtobel, Tridonic, and Philips and the major players in IoT technology ARM, NXP and Imtech. Consortium partner Johnson Controls represents the end user and academic knowledge on ICT and system architecture is present through TU/e and TNO-ESI. During the project, the Consortium will seek close cooperation with the IoT community.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-3.2-1 | Award Amount: 16.82M | Year: 2009

The ultimate ambition of COPIRIDE is to develop a new modular production and factory concept for the chemical industry using adaptable plants with flexible output. This concept will be superior, intellectual property (IP) protected, and enable a much wider spread of know-how and education of this skill-intensive technology. Key functional enabling units are new production-scale, mass-manufactured microstructured reactors as well as other integrated process intensification (PI) reactors realising integrated processes. This will lead to a substantial reduction in costs, resources & energy and notably improves the eco-efficiency. To ensure the competitiveness of European (EU) manufacturing businesses, PI technology / know-how is transferred from leaders to countries (and respective medium & small industries) with no exposure in PI so far, but with a track record in sustainability, and to the explorative markets food and biofuels. A deeply rooted base will be created for IP rights (Copyright, = COPIRIDE) by generic modular reactor & plant design and new generic processes via Novel Process Windows, facilitating patent filing. Due to the entire modular plant concept comprising all utilities far beyond the reaction & processual parts - a holistic PI concept is provided, covering the whole development cycle with, e.g., safety & process control & plant approval. Features, inter alia, are fast plant start-up and shut-down for multipurpose functionality (flexibility in products), sustainable & safe production, and fast transfer from lab to production & business (time-to-market). Industrial demonstration activities up to production scale with five field trials present a good cross-section of reactions relevant to the EU chemical industry. The economic impact in COPIRIDE is 10 Mio /a (cautiously optimistic) to 30 Mio /a (optimistic) by direct exploitation. Indirect exploitation might sum up to 800 Mio /a (very optimistic) by other companies via technology transfer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2008

The focus of the project MULTIFORM is on the integration and the interoperation of tools and methods based on different modelling formalisms in order to make a significant step towards integrated coherent tool support for the design of large complex controlled systems from the first concept to the implementation and further on over their entire life cycle.By addressing the issue of multi-level multi-formalism control systems modelling and design, this project represents a definite advance over the traditional approach pursued by the control community that focuses solely on the design of control algorithms and, to some extent, their interaction with communication protocols. The multi-formalism approach pursued here reflects the heterogeneous nature of the functionality and of the implementation of controlled systems.The key contribution of the project towards the goal of integrated model-based control systems design is the connection of tools that support the design of different layers of the control hierarchy and on different levels of abstraction. Integration of tools is pursued both along the axes of re-use and consistency of models and data generated in the design process and of feedback and feedforward of results between different levels of abstraction addressed by tools that are based on different formalisms.The project MULTIFORM will address the following issues:\tInterchange formats between different tools\tIntegrated specification and synthesis of logic controllers\tNew ways of connecting techniques for analysis and design that are based on different levels of abstraction\tIntegration of the tools into a common framework\tApplication of multi-formalism analysis and design to challenging real-world case studies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-32-2014 | Award Amount: 3.96M | Year: 2015

Online banking, e-commerce, telemedicine, mobile communication, and cloud computing depend fundamentally on the security of the underlying cryptographic algorithms. Public-key algorithms are particularly crucial since they provide digital signatures and establish secure communication without requiring in-person meetings. Essentially all applications today are based on RSA or on the discrete-logarithm problem in finite fields or on elliptic curves. Cryptographers optimize parameter choices and implementation details for these systems and build protocols on top of these systems; cryptanalysts fine-tune attacks and establish exact security levels for these systems. Alternative systems are far less visible in research and unheard of in practice. It might seem that having three systems offers enough variation, but these systems are all broken as soon as large quantum computers are built. The EU and governments around the world are investing heavily in building quantum computers; society needs to be prepared for the consequences, including cryptanalytic attacks accelerated by these computers. Long-term confidential documents such as patient health-care records and state secrets have to guarantee security for many years, but information encrypted today using RSA or elliptic curves and stored until quantum computers are available will then be as easy to decipher as Enigma-encrypted messages are today. PQCRYPTO will allow users to switch to post-quantum cryptography: cryptographic systems that are not merely secure for today but that will also remain secure long-term against attacks by quantum computers. PQCRYPTO will design a portfolio of high-security post-quantum public-key systems, and will improve the speed of these systems, adapting to the different performance challenges of mobile devices, the cloud, and the Internet of Things. PQCRYPTO will provide efficient implementations of high-security post-quantum cryptography for a broad spectrum of real-world applications.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 2.82M | Year: 2016

MEAN4SG network aims to educate 11 young researchers in the smart grids metrology field by constructing a training network gathering the whole innovation value chain. The main EU actors in the field of smart grids metrology have worked together, under the umbrella of the European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET), and relying on the support of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), in order to design a training program coping with the principal R&D challenges related to metrology for smart grids while tackling the shortage of highly-skilled professionals on this area that has been foreseen by the European Commission, the electricity grids industrial sector and the academia. The overall MEAN4SG research programme tackles the main research challenges in the smart grids metrology field identified by the European R&D community: (1) power quality analysis, (2) smart grids modelling and management, (3) advanced monitoring through Phasor Measurement Units applications and (4) smart cable diagnosis. These main goals have been divided into eleven specific objectives, which will be assigned to the fellows, for them to focus their R&D project, PhD Thesis and professional career. The established training plan answers the challenges identified by the SET Plan Education Roadmap. Personal Development Career Plans (PCDP) will be tuned up for every fellow, being their accomplishment controlled by a Personal Supervisory Team (PST), composed by a main supervisor from the beneficiary and two mentors from the institutions hosting the two fellows secondments. The training plan includes intra-network activities, like Specific Courses lectured by the project partners, as well as network-wide initiatives, like two secondments for every fellow, PhD Seminars organized in cooperation with EURAMET and Summer Schools. Internal agreements have been reached among the beneficiaries to ensure the access for all the fellows to the obtention of a PhD degree.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.8.1 | Award Amount: 2.93M | Year: 2013

14% of Internet users regularly upload and share videos in a mobile scenarios. Videos are increasingly used as a key media, thus changing the way we create and consume digital information for professional or entertainment purposes.c-Space benefit from this trend and deliver a low-cost solution to reconstruct 4D scenes (3D plus time) of indoor or outdoor events from casual real-world footage (e.g. captured by mobile phones) through Video Based Rendering (VBR) techniques.c-Space exploits familiarity with Augmented Reality (AR) software for tablets/smartphones and on emerging micro-projection technologies to unleash users inventiveness by letting them create 4D content in a completely new way, thus reconstructing 3D scenes of real scenes at different times (4D) (e.g. public concerts, sports events but also meetings, parties or simple outdoor spaces etc.), which can be used as the virtual stage for ubiquitous media-sharing.In fact, in c-Space, the 4D scene becomes a spatio-temporally-sorted repository of the digital resources available in the area. Users can contribute to the content through a creative crowdsourcing approach in which new localised digital content (e.g. videos, images, 3D models etc.) is created, linked (logically, geographically, and visually), and shared within its surrounding space.By significantly shortening the 3D content creation pipeline, c-Space fills a gap not covered by any technology current in the market, thus yielding manifold savings (in terms of time & resources) in several creative industries (performing arts, advertising, cinema, video games, cultural tourism etc.).Non-technical issues will also be explored, i.e. 1) social acceptance or social communication mechanisms emerging from projecting information onto the surrounding space, and 2) creation of innovative businesses including for instance, new services for personalised forms of localised advertisement or for cultural tourism.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2010-3 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2010

FEMTOPRINT is to develop a printer for microsystems with nano-scale features fabricated out of glass. Our ultimate goal is to provide a large pool of users from industry, research and universities with the capability of producing their own micro-systems, in a rapid-manner without the need for expensive infrastructures and specific expertise. Recent researches have shown that one can form three-dimensional patterns in glass material using low-power femtosecond laser beam. This simple process opens interesting new opportunities for a broad variety of microsystems with feature sizes down to the nano-scale. These patterns can be used to form integrated optics components or be developed by chemically etching to form three-dimensional structures like fluidic channels and micro-mechanical components. Worth noticing, sub-micron resolution can be achieved and sub-pattern smaller than the laser wavelength can be formed. Thanks to the low-energy required to pattern the glass, femtosecond laser consisting simply of an oscillator are sufficient to produce such micro- and nano- systems. These systems are nowadays table-top and cost a fraction of conventional clean-room equipments. It is highly foreseeable that within 3 to 5 years such laser systems will fit in a shoe-box. The proposal specific objectives are: 1/ Develop a femtosecond laser suitable for glass micro-/nano- manufacturing that fits in a shoe-box 2/ Integrate the laser in a machine similar to a printer that can position and manipulate glass sheets of various thicknesses 3/ Demonstrate the use of the printer to fabricate a variety of micro-/nano-systems with optical, mechanical and fluid-handling capabilities. A clear and measurable outcome of Femtoprint will be to be in a situation to commercialize the femtoprinter through the setting-up of a consortium spin-off. The potential economical impact is large and is expected in various industrial sectors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 4.14M | Year: 2012

The plastic industry contributes around 23% of the total sales in the European chemical industry but is traditionally heavily reliant on petrochemicals for their raw material, additives and reaction media (solvents). REFINE will develop sustainable routes to functional materials (green routes) for various polymer/plastic applications. The network will make use of integrated approaches combining green raw materials, green synthesis (biotechnology) and green processing. This will be complemented by critical life cycle analyses and end-user benchmarking. The network will demonstrate these concepts by targeting selected relevant industrial applications, which are fundamentally dependent upon polymers such as thin film applications (coatings, personal care, etc.). Its leading experts in polymer and material science and biotechnology from 6 academic and research institutions, 2 multinational industrial end-users from different application areas (performance polymers and personal care products) and 1 SMEs will make use of integrated approaches combining green raw materials, green synthesis and green processing. These three elements will systematically be linked in a chain of knowledge approach and complemented through critical life cycle analyses by an SME with specific expertise in ecological process evaluation. The REFINE network will train a new generation of materials researchers, who are aware of the envi-ronmental impact of their work and can apply the tools of sustainability in their future positions (sustainable materials scientists). It will positively impact the employability of its researchers in the bioplastic industry with a predicted growth of >25% by 2020 by giving them a unique combination of skills through scientific, industrial and individual training at the local and network level. REFINE will develop a green technology, which can directly be validated and integrated by industry and thus lead towards a greener and more sustainable society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 4.65M | Year: 2008

The mission of HIERARCHY is to train and educate young scientist in the rapidly developing field of nanosciences, in particular hierarchical self-assembly. The training programme educates early stage and experienced researches in many aspects of this highly interdisciplinary field, such as theory, materials chemistry and biochemistry, advanced characterisation techniques, physics and commercial device development. In addition, the training programme will address non-scientific issues, important for the career development of young scientists, e.g. communication and presentation skills, IPR and entrepreneurial skills, ethical issues, language enhancement and cultural awareness. The training takes place on a Network level and also locally at the host institutions. HIERARCHYs training programme will deliver versatile individuals with a broad scientific knowledge, ready to pursue a successful career in the European industry or academia. The interdisciplinary research training is centralised around the novel concept of hierarchical assembly in controllable matrices. This concept exploits liquid crystalline media as controllable matrices for programmed self-organisation, which goes far beyond the possibilities of currently employed techniques. A liquid crystal matrix in combination with a variety of simultaneously or sequentially applied external stimuli will yield a unique toolbox to build functional macroscopic structures with nanometer control. Leading European laboratories in soft condensed matter and solid state matter will work towards new paradigms in nanosciences. HIERARCHYs intention towards application of the designed structures, illustrated by the presence of three industrial partners in the consortium, is an important step towards commercialisation of nanosciences in Europe. With Europes desire to become the major player in the area of nanosciences, valorisation of developed technology is a key lesson for Europes new generation of nanoscientists.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.2 | Award Amount: 5.42M | Year: 2013

Data Centre (DC) energy consumption has doubled between 2000 and 2005 and grew by 50% from 2005 to 2010 consuming 1.5% of global energy with continued rapid growth. On average, computing consumes 60% of total energy while cooling consumes 35%. While new technology can lead to a 40% reduction computation and cooling typically operate without coordination or optimization. While server energy management can reduce energy use at CPU, rack, and DC level dynamic computation scheduling is not integrated with sensing and cooling. DC cooling typically operates at constant cold air temperature to protect the hottest server racks while local fans distribute the temperature across racks. However, these local server controls are not integrated with room cooling systems so it is not possible to optimize chiller, air fans and server fans as a system. The integration of renewable energy sources (RES) has received limited interest from the DC community due to lack of interoperability of generation, storage and heat recovery and installation and maintenance cost versus payback. The adoption of new technologies related to computing, cooling, generation, energy storage, and waste heat recovery individually requires sophisticated controls, but no single manufacturer provides a complete system so integration between control systems does not exist. To address this, GENiC will develop an integrated management and control platform for DC wide optimisation of energy consumption by integrating monitoring and control of computation, data storage, cooling, local power generation, energy storage, and waste heat recovery. The platform will include open interfaces, common data formats, control and optimisation functions and decision support to achieve a substantial reduction in energy consumption, PUE, CUE. GENiC will develop a process and tool chain for cost-effective integration of renewable energy sources into DC power systems demonstrating renewable energy penetration in excess of 80%.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.17M | Year: 2009

A key functionality of embedded systems is the ability to react dynamically to changing conditions and guarantee desired behaviour for the physical system they are embedded into. The design of embedded systems that are capable of such control functionalities must take the interactions between the embedded device and the dynamics of the physical embedding environment into account. The heterogeneity between those parts, the ever growing complexity of the overall system, stricter requirements, and the lack of systematic embedded control system design tools, make the design task very time-consuming, expensive, and error-prone. The standard approach is to decouple the design by splitting the control design and circuit design tasks into two separate phases, often executed by engineers with different backgrounds. The only interaction between the two designs is around specs (such as sampling frequency, memory, flops, etc.), which are possibly negotiated iteratively until a satisfactory design is reached, but more often unidirectionally communicated. The resulting outcome is typically far from optimal.\n\nA coherent and consistent paradigm for the design of embedded control systems is the goal of the MOBY-DIC project. A new methodology and associated tool chain will be developed encompassing in a unique framework the modelling of the physical process, design of the control algorithms, design of embedded circuits, and the assessment of the overall performance properties of the system. MOBY-DIC will achieve such an integrated design flow by developing a core methodology based on piecewise affine representations, that at the same time (i) provide a rather flexible structure for control functions, and (ii) are directly mapped into digital architectures of small-size and low-power. The effectiveness of the developed embedded control design approach will be demonstrated by MOBY-DIC on a set of challenging applications arising in the automotive industry.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2013.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.99M | Year: 2014

Typically, end users or consumers are perceived as adopters of sustainable products and services, developed by companies. Thus, a lot of attention is paid to the (non-) diffusion of sustainable products and services. From this perspective end users are seen as more or less passive recipients of sustainable products and services. We propose to investigate the active roles of end users in shaping sustainable lifestyles and the transition to a green economy in Europe. More specifically, we suggest exploring, explaining and enhancing the role of end users in (co-) innovating novel sustainable products, services, and systems (Sustainable Lifestyles 2.0). Generally, there are two options: First, end users are integrated in the process of sustainability innovations driven by companies (user integration). Second, end users innovative for themselves, and eventually form enterprises to capture value from their sustainability innovations (user innovation and entrepreneurship). We argue that end user integration, innovation and entrepreneurship offer great potentials for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in the upcoming years, which is largely untapped and unexplored. While acknowledging the value of company-driven sustainability innovations, we want to investigate pathways towards a sustainable society, which is more user-centred and user-driven. We aim to gain a better and broadened understanding of the active roles of end users in sustainability innovation processes with a special emphasis on the four domains food, living, mobility, and energy. These domains are responsible for the highest life cycle environmental impacts related to the final consumption, and put together shape sustainable lifestyles in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2008

We propose an Initial Training Network for advanced nanoscale semiconductor spintronics. This is a coordinated programme of technological, experimental and theoretical research, training and knowledge transfer, by a consortium of leading European academic and industrial research groups. Spintronics is becoming increasingly important as downscaling and power usage in microelectronics approaches fundamental limits. This ITN will provide a framework for structuring research and training efforts in this field and exploiting the new technology. The programme will move well beyond the worldwide state-of-the-art, through development of novel multifunctional nanospintronic devices, by transfer of device concepts to room temperature operation, and by exploration of the potential of low-dimensional systems. This coordinated wide-ranging and multidisciplinary programme is only achievable through a cross-European approach. The ITN will supply the required multidisciplinary and intersectorial training in materials development, device physics and technology and theory, which is crucial for ensuring a highly developed research infrastructure and a critical mass of qualified researchers in this key research area. Researcher mobility will be encouraged, with all appointed fellows spending periods at academic and industrial hosts. Industrial partners will be central to the training programme, ensuring that fellows have an understanding of the needs of end-users of the research. Transferable skills training will be supplied to meet wider employment market needs. The proposal is highly relevant to the ITN objectives, the Information Society Technologies and Nanotechnologies thematic areas of FP7, and ERA strategies to network centres of excellence, increase researcher mobility, and improve cohesion in research. The ITN will provide a body of highly skilled scientists, equipped with the expertise to ensure that European research continues to flourish in this vital area.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 20.70M | Year: 2008

Future networks became a central topic with a large debate whether moving towards the new networked society will be evolutionary or disruptive. In the future networked society the physical and the digital worlds will merge based on the massive usage of wireless sensor networks. Objects will be able to identify and locate themselves and to communicate through radio interfaces. Self-organized edge networks will become more and more common. Virtualization and programmability will allow for providing different networking environments over the same infrastructure. Autonomic networking will deal with the increasing complexity of IandC systems. End-users empowerment will increase with his capacity of providing services and content, as well as connectivity support.\nThis new environment forces the scientific community to develop new principles and methods to design/dimension/control/manage future multi-technology architectures. The new paradigms raise new challenging scientific and technological problems embedded in complex policy, governance, and worldwide standards issues. Dealing with the diversity of these scientific and socio-economic challenges requires the integration of a wide range of research capacities; a role that Euro-NF will fulfil.\nIndeed, Euro-NF extends, in scope and duration, the successful Euro-NGI/FGI NoE that has integrated the required critical mass on the networks of the future and is now a major worldwide player in this area. The consortium has evolved in order to have an optimal coverage of the new scope. Euro-NF will therefore cover the integration of a wide range of European research capacities, including researchers and research and dissemination activities. As such Euro-NF will continue to develop a prominent European center of excellence in Future networks design and engineering, acting as a Collective Intelligence Think Tank, representing a major support for the European Society leading towards a European leadership in this area.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 3.65M | Year: 2011

Safety-critical systems are important parts of our daily life. Those systems are also called dependable systems, as our lives can depend on them. Examples are controllers in an airplane, breaking controller in a car, or a train control system. Those safety-critical systems need to be certified and the maximum execution time needs to be bounded and known so that response times can be assured when critical actions are needed. Even with high performance processors in our desktop PCs we notice once in a while that the PC is frozen for a few seconds. For a safety-critical system such a pause can result in a catastrophic failure.\nThe mission of T-CREST is to develop tools and build a system that prevents pauses by identifying and addressing the causes for possible pauses. The T-CREST time-predictable system will simplify the safety argument with respect to maximum execution time striving to double performance for 4 cores and to be 4 times faster for 16 cores than a standard processor in the same technology (e.g., FPGA). Thus the T-CREST system will result in lower costs for safety relevant applications reducing system complexity and at the same time faster time-predictable execution.\nStandard computer architecture is driven by the following paradigm: make the common case fast and the uncommon case correct. This design approach leads to architectures where the average-case execution time is optimized at the expense of the worst-case execution time (WCET). Modelling the dynamic features of current processors, memories, and interconnects for WCET analysis often results in computationally infeasible problems. The bounds calculated by the analysis are thus overly conservative.\nWe need a sea change and we shall take the constructive approach by designing computer architectures where predictable timing is a first-order design factor. For real-time systems we propose to design architectures with a new paradigm: make the worst-case fast and the whole system easy to analyse. Despite the advantages of analysable system resources, only a few research projects exist in the field of hardware optimized for the WCET.\nWithin the project we will propose novel solutions for time-predictable multi-core and many-core system architectures. The resulting time-predictable resources (processor, interconnect, memories, etc.) will be a good target for WCET analysis and the WCET performance will be outstanding compared to current processors. Time-predictable caching and time-predictable chip-multiprocessing (CMP) will provide a solution for the need of more processing power in the real-time domain.\nNext to the hardware (processor, interconnect, memories), a compiler infrastructure will be developed in the project. WCET aware optimization methods will be developed along with detailed timing models such that the compiler benefits from the known behaviour of the hardware. The WCET analysis tool aiT will be adapted to support the developed hardware and guide the compilation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: SPIRE-08-2015 | Award Amount: 11.09M | Year: 2015

IbD will create a holistic platform for facilitating process intensification in processes in which solids are an intrinsic part, the cornerstone of which will be an intensified-by-design (IbD). The IbD approach is hinged on the use of robust data about a process to redesign, modify, adapt and alter that process in a continuous, intensified system, and will be the new paradigm in the intensification of processes based on statistical, analytical and risk management methodologies in the design, development and processing of high quality safe and tailored chemicals, pharmaceuticals, minerals, ceramics, etc. under intensified processes. The IbD Project will deliver the EU process industry with an affordable and comprehensive devices-and-processes design-platform endeavoured to facilitate process intensification (PI), which specially targets -but is not limited to- solid materials processing. Five PI industry case studies will be implemented in mining, ceramics, pharmaceutical, non-ferrous metals and chemical processes using the IbD approach and to validate the IbD methodologies, tools, PI modules, control and fouling remediation strategies and the ICT Platform itself for the industrial implementation of PI in processes involving solids. The Platform includes design modules for the commonest intensified reactors-Rotating fluidized beds, micro-structured reactor and spinning disk, among others, as well as a generic Module Builder -equipped with a set of both proprietary and third-parties design tools- for designs carried out on the basis of radically novel ideas. The IbD Platform output is basically a data set that comprises the intensified reactor design -ready to be built or assembled-, an optimised whole process design including the upstream/downstream intensified unit operations and their solids handling capability, as well as cleaning methods, etc. and the expected economic and environmental quantitative impacts.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-15-2014 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2015

Data explosion on the web, fuelled by social networking, micro-blogging, as well as crowdsourcing, has led to the Big Data phenomenon. This is characterized by increasing volumes of structured, semi-structured and unstructured data, originating from sources that generate them at an increasing rate. This wealth of data provides numerous new analytic and business intelligence opportunities to various industry sectors. Therefore, more and more industry sectors are in need of innovative data management services, creating a demand for Data Scientists possessing skills and detailed knowledge in this area. Ensuring the availability of such expertise will prove crucial if businesses are to reap the full benefits of these advanced data management technologies, and the know-how accumulated over the past years by researchers, technology enthusiasts and early adopters. The European Data Science Academy (EDSA) will establish a virtuous learning production cycle whereby we: a) analyse the required sector specific skillsets for data analysts across the main industrial sectors in Europe; b) develop modular and adaptable data science curricula to meet these needs; and c) deliver training supported by multiplatform and multilingual learning resources based on our curricula. The curricula and learning resources will be continuously evaluated by pedagogical and data science experts during both development and deployment.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-16-2015 | Award Amount: 4.60M | Year: 2016

Cloud-LSVA will create Big Data Technologies to address the open problem of a lack of software tools, and hardware platforms, to annotate petabyte scale video datasets. The problem is of particular importance to the automotive industry. CMOS Image Sensors for Vehicles are the primary area of innovation for camera manufactures at present. They are the sensor that offers the most functionality for the price in a cost sensitive industry. By 2020 the typical mid-range car will have 10 cameras, be connected, and generate 10TB per day, without considering other sensors. Customer demand is for Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) which are a step on the path to Autonomous Vehicles. The European automotive industry is the world leader and dominant in the market for ADAS. The technologies depend upon the analysis of video and other vehicle sensor data. Annotations of road traffic objects, events and scenes are critical for training and testing computer vision techniques that are the heart of modern ADAS and Navigation systems. Thus, building ADAS algorithms using machine learning techniques require annotated data sets. Human annotation is an expensive and error-prone task that has only been tackled on small scale to date. Currently no commercial tool exists that addresses the need for semi-automated annotation or that leverages the elasticity of Cloud computing in order to reduce the cost of the task. Providing this capability will establish a sustainable basis to drive forward automotive Big Data Technologies. Furthermore, the computer is set to become the central hub of a connected car and this provides the opportunity to investigate how these Big Data Technologies can be scaled to perform lightweight analysis on board, with results sent back to a Cloud Crowdsourcing platform, further reducing the complexity of the challenge faced by the Industry. Car manufacturers can then in turn cyclically update the ADAS and Mapping software on the vehicle benefiting the consumer.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-07-2015 | Award Amount: 9.71M | Year: 2016

The European lighting industry aims at reducing cost, at continuously improving product performance while reducing time to market and enlarging the product. The main challenge for the design in of LED components into lighting systems is the temperature and current dependence of their performance. In order to achieve a good design of LED systems, a modular, multi-physics based modelling approach is needed this way allowing the freedom for LED component integrators to use such models in any kind of luminaire designs. In order to overcome those key challenges, seamless integration of the LED in the product development chain is necessary. For that a bridge, in the form of standardization, has to be established between the semiconductor industry and the LED component integrators. In order to achieve this, the following tools have to be provided: Generic, multi-domain model of LED chips Compact thermal model of the LED chips environment Modeling interface towards the luminaire The goal of the project is to develop a standardized method to create multi-domain LED compact models from testing data. The objectives are: Define set of LED model equations that can be implemented into a FEM/CFD tool, for the purpose of self-consistent multi-domain simulation of LEDs thermal, electrical and light output characteristics. Provide interfacing between measurement tools, modelling tools and simulation tools to allow the application of the compact LED models. Prove the benefits of the use of compact models in the development process to reduce development times and cost. This will lead to an industry standard in the lighting industry. Achievement of this project is expected to boost time to market of LED products cut by 1/3, cut development cost by 50%, reduce Cost of Non-quality by 25%. The European lighting industry is offered a unique competitive advantage, necessary to catch the 30-40% speed of growth of its LED market and tape into potential new markets.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC5-12a-2014 | Award Amount: 6.20M | Year: 2015

The goal of INREP is to develop and deploy valid and robust alternatives to indium (In) based transparent conductive electrode materials as electrodes. In-based materials, mainly ITO, are technologically entrenched in the commercial manufacture of components like LEDs (both organic and inorganic), solar cells, touchscreens, so replacing them with In-free transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) will require holistic approach. The INREP philosophy is to meet this challenge by addressing the whole value chain via an application focused research programme aiming at developing tailor made solutions for each targeted application. This programme will produce a complete evaluation of the relevant properties of the proposed TCOs, including the impact of deposition technique, and by doing so, devise optimum processes for their application in selected, high value application areas. The selected application areas are organic and inorganic light emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells and touchscreens. The physical properties of interest are the transparency, electrical conductivity, work function, texture, and chemical and thermal stability. To reach its overall goal, INREP brings together industrial and academic experts in TCOs, the technology and processes for their deposition and their applications in a concerted research programme that will result in the creation of TCOs and deposition technologies with the optimum opto-electrical properties suitable for the economic and safe manufacture of the specified photonic or opto-electronic components. The approach will include life cycle assessments of the environmental impact of the developed TCO materials and of their formation technologies over the entire period from application in manufacturing, throughcomponent operation into waste management.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: SCC-01-2014 | Award Amount: 29.50M | Year: 2015

The Triangulum project will demonstrate how a systems innovation approach based around the European Commissions SCC Strategic Implementation Plan can drive dynamic smart city development. We will test the SIP across three lighthouse cities: Manchester, Eindhoven and Stavanger, which represent the main typologies of European cities. They will be complemented by our follower cities Prague, Leipzig and Sabadell. This powerful combination reflects an urban population of between 100k and 1,2m inhabitants across six different countries, allowing us to demonstrate successful replication across a wide range of typical urban areas in Europe. Each city has already made significant progress towards the transition of becoming a smart city; developing their own individual approach reflecting specific local circumstances. These inherent strengths will now serve to accelerate the smart city development across proposed demonstration sites within Triangulum. The suite of projects developed will be based around zero/low energy districts, integrated infrastructures and sustainable urban mobility designed to deliver a range of cross-cutting outcomes across different sectors and stakeholders. This will provide the basis to road test the SIP and provide recommendations to the Commission on how it could be improved to facilitate wider replication. The Triangulum goals target a series of direct impacts around; reduced energy consumption of buildings, increased use of renewable energies, increased utilisation of electric vehicles, deployment of intelligent energy management technologies and the deployment of an adaptive and dynamic ICT data hub. The design and implementation of innovative Business Models and the activation of citizens as co-creators are core cross-cutting elements to base the technologies in real-world city environments and facilitate replication.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.5 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2010

Making efficient use of energy in buildings is a paramount challenge to conserve energy and reduce greenhouse effects. GreenerBuildings will investigate how buildings can dynamically adapt their operations according to actual use, aiming at substantial energy savings.\nPeople spend a great deal of time in buildings, may these be offices, hospitals or commercial buildings. While active indoor, people desire to have comforting lighting and microclimate conditions that adapt to their activity and wishes. With GreenerBuildings we propose to realise an integrated solution that addresses the challenge of energy-aware adaptation from basic(energy harvesting) sensors and actuators, up to the embedded software for coordinating thousands of smart objects with the goals of energy saving and user support. Our vision is that buildings can respond to their actual use and changes in their environment; interact with their occupants through novel ubiquitous sensing and occupant behaviour inference techniques and that can transparently adapt a buildings function and operation. The project embraces the following key principles in order to achieve its goals: living lab experimentation/validation, agile consortium, a spiral development model, and a user centric approach. In particular, the validation will consider test cases with at least 1.000 devices deployed in different living lab buildings.\nThe specific composition of the Consortium, consisting of top-class universities and research centres (TUE, RUG, CINI, UOR, ITRI), of leader industrial partners specialized in building automation and lighting (PRE) and of SMEs specialised in energy harvesting sensors and actuators (ENO), and of thermodynamics applications (FSA), guarantees a widespread dissemination and exploitation of the project results, based on well funded scientific and technological innovation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.3.1.1.;SST.2008.3.1.2. | Award Amount: 4.87M | Year: 2010

i-Tour will develop an open framework to be used by different providers, authorities and citizens to provide intelligent multi-modal mobility services. i-Tour client will support and suggest, in a user-friendly way, the use of different forms of transport (bus, car, railroad, tram, etc.) taking into account user preferences as well as real-time information on road conditions, weather, public transport network condition. To do so i-Tour promotes a new approach to data collection based on recommender system based on the information provided by the whole user community. i-Tour mobility client applications will feature a very user-friendly interface accessible from PCs, PDAs and Smartphones. i-Tour clients are designed to promote use of public transport by encouraging sustainable travel choices and by providing rewarding mechanisms for users choosing public travel options. Sustainable travel preferences, e.g. measured in terms of CO2 emission saved by using public transport, are rewarded, e.g. through free public transport tickets, thus promoting and encouraging environmental friendly travel behaviours.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.7 | Award Amount: 12.99M | Year: 2010

The objective of PARADIGM is to effect a fundamental change in the way photonic integrated circuits (PICs) based on indium phosphide (InP) are designed and manufactured in Europe, with the aim of reducing the costs of design, development and manufacture by more than an order of magnitude and making more complex and capable designs possible than ever before.\n\nThe key step is to develop a generic platform technology for application-specific PICs. This will be achieved by adopting a similar methodology in the field of photonics to the one that has been so successful in microelectronics. The new approach developed in PARADIGM will be indispensable in creating a sustainable business sector with potential for significant future growth.\n\nPARADIGM addresses the whole product development chain from concept, through design and manufacturing to application. It will establish library-based design, coupled with standardized technology process flows and supported by sophisticated design tools. Our goal is to develop technical capability at the platform level, rather than at the level of individual designs, greatly reducing the cost and time required to bring a new component into production, whilst allowing the designer great freedom for creativity at the circuit level.\n\nTo establish a generic, design-rule and library-based methodology for photonic ICs is an ambitious and demanding task, which could only be contemplated with a consortium possessing a wide range of complementary skills. PARADIGM has brought together just such a collaboration of Europes key players in the fields of III-V semiconductor manufacturing, PIC design and applications, photonic CAD, packaging and assembly.\n\nThe project will verify the potential of the generic approach by fabricating a number of InP PICs, addressing a range of applications in communications, sensors, data processing and biomedical systems, at a level of complexity and performance that will define the state of the art.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.1 | Award Amount: 12.49M | Year: 2012

Traffic demand is increasing dramatically, year on year, with typical growth figures of up to 60% for Internet based traffic. Such traffic increase is impacting on both network costs and power consumption. Moreover, traffic is not only increasing but becoming much more dynamic, both in time and direction. For these reasons, transport network evolution from current DWDM systems towards elastic optical networks, based on flexgrid transmission and switching technologies, could significantly increase both transport network scalability and flexibility. Further benefits come from multilayer interworking mechanisms enabling electronic switching technologies (IP/MPLS, OTN, etc) to directly control the bandwidth of the Bandwidth Variable Transponders (BVT) for optical bandwidth optimization purposes.This then defines the key objective behind IDEALIST: To research in detail a cost and power efficient transport network architecture able to carry a wide range of signal bandwidths, each of which will be varying in real time in direction and magnitude, and some of which will be extremely large and possibly exceeding 1Tb/s. The network architecture proposed by IDEALIST is based on four technical pillars: Transport systems enabling flexible transmission and switching beyond 400Gbps per channel. Control plane architecture for multilayer and multidomain elastic optical networks. Dynamic network resources allocation at both IP and elastic optical layers Multilayer network optimization tools enabling both off-line planning and on-line network re-optimization in elastic optical networks.The intention is that the IDEALIST network architecture will be easily industrialised. Therefore, feasibility studies and experimental implementation and demonstration of prototypes will be key activities, as well. IDEALIST will also feed the collaboration with other Projects and the submission of contributions to ITU-T, OIF, IETF, thus reinforcing European position in standardization bodies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-6-2015 | Award Amount: 9.95M | Year: 2016

Fuel economy is a key aspect to reduce operating costs and improve efficiency of freight traffic, thus increasing truck competitiveness. The main objective of the IMPERIUM project (IMplementation of Powertrain Control for Economic and Clean Real driving EmIssion and ConsUMption) is to achieve fuel consumption reduction by 20% (diesel and urea) whilst keeping the vehicle within the legal limits for pollutant emissions. The approach relies on three stages targeting the improvement of the control strategy: * Direct optimisation of the control of the main components (engine, exhaust after-treatment, transmission, waste heat recovery, e-drive) to maximize their performances. * Global powertrain energy manager to coordinate the different energy sources and optimize their use depending on the current driving situation. * Providing a more comprehensive understanding of the mission (eHorizon, mission-based learning) such that the different energy sources can be planned and optimized on a long term. The IMPERIUM consortium consist of major European actors and is able to provide a 100% European value chain for the development of future powertrain control strategies for trucks.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: MG-3.6a-2015 | Award Amount: 6.23M | Year: 2016

Road accidents continue to be a major public safety concern. Human error is the main cause of accidents. Intelligent driver systems that can monitor the drivers state and behaviour show promise for our collective safety. VI-DAS will progress the design of next-gen 720 connected ADAS (scene analysis, driver status). Advances in sensors, data fusion, machine learning and user feedback provide the capability to better understand driver, vehicle and scene context, facilitating a significant step along the road towards truly semi-autonomous vehicles. On this path there is a need to design vehicle automation that can gracefully hand-over and back to the driver. VI-DAS advances in computer vision and machine learning will introduce non-invasive, vision-based sensing capabilities to vehicles and enable contextual driver behaviour modelling. The technologies will be based on inexpensive and ubiquitous sensors, primarily cameras. Predictions on outcomes in a scene will be created to determine the best reaction to feed to a personalised HMI component that proposes optimal behaviour for safety, efficiency and comfort. VI-DAS will employ a cloud platform to improve ADAS sensor and algorithm design and to store and analyse data at a large scale, thus enabling the exploitation of vehicle connectivity and cooperative systems. VI-DAS will address human error analysis by the study of real accidents in order to understand patterns and consequences as an input to the technologies. VI-DAS will also address legal, liability and emerging ethical aspects because with such technology comes new risks, and justifiable public concern. The insurance industry will be key in the adoption of next generation ADAS and Autonomous Vehicles and a stakeholder in reaching L3. VI-DAS is positioned ideally at the point in the automotive value chain where Europe is both dominant and in which value can be added. The project will contribute to reducing accidents, economic growth and continued innovation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-23-2015 | Award Amount: 4.98M | Year: 2016

To date, three way catalytic converters (TWCs) have been established as the most effective engine exhaust after-treatment system. However, TWCs not only fail to address the issue of particulate matter (PM) emissions but are also the main industrial consumer of Critical Raw Materials (CRMs) mainly Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) and Rare Earth elements (REEs), with the automotive industry accounting for 65%-80% of total EU PGMs demand. The enforcement of new limits on PM emissions (EURO 6c/7) will require higher TWC performance, hence leading to further increase the CRMs content in autocatalysts. Addressing the necessity of CRMs reduction in catalysis, PARTIAL-PGMs proposes an integrated approach for the rational design of innovative nanostructured materials of low/zero PGMs/REEs content for a hybrid TWC/Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) for automotive emissions after-treatment with continuous particulates combustion also focusing on identifying and fine-tuning the parameters involved in their preparation, characterization and performance evaluation under realistic conditions. PARTIAL-PGMs approach is broad, covering multiscale modeling, synthesis and nanomaterials characterization, performance evaluation under realistic conditions as well as recyclability, health impact analysis and Life Cycle Assessment. The rational synthesis of nanomaterials to be used in these hybrid systems will allow for a reduction of more than 35% in PGMs and 20% in REEs content, either by increasing performance or by their replacement with transition metals. The compact nature of the new hybrid system not only will allow its accommodation in smaller cars but will also reduce cold start emissions and light-off times with performance aiming to anticipate both future emission control regulations and new advances in engines technology. Such R&D progress in autocatalysts is expected to pave the way to the widespread use of such low CRMs content materials in other catalytic applications.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GALILEO-1-2015 | Award Amount: 3.28M | Year: 2016

Lane-level positioning and map matching are some of the biggest challenges for navigation systems. Although vehicle telematics provide services with positioning requirements fulfilled by low-cost GNSS receivers, more complex road and driver assistance applications are increasingly been deployed, due to the growing demand. These include lane-level information as well as lane-level navigation and prioritised alerts depending on the scenario composition (traffic sign, navigation instructions, ADAS instructions). These applications need a more accurate and reliable positioning subsystem. A good example of these new requirements can be witnessed in the increasing interest in navigation at lane-level, with applications such as enhanced driver awareness, intelligent speed alert and simple lane allocation. As well as the accuracy of positioning data being a big driver, there is also a question around the adaptability of navigation systems to these applications. This depends firstly on the availability of an accurate common reference for positioning (an enhanced map) and secondly, on the level of the provided pose estimation (integrity). However, neither the current road maps nor the traditional integrity parameters seem to be well suited for these purposes. Delivering lane-level information to an in-vehicle navigation system and combining this with the opportunity for vehicles to exchange information between themselves, will give drivers the opportunity to select the optimal road lane, even in dense traffic in urban and extra-urban areas. Every driver will be able to choose the appropriate lane and will to be able to reduce the risks associate with last-moment lane-change manoeuvres. inLane proposes new generation, low-cost, lane-level, precise turn-by-turn navigation applications through the fusion of EGNSS and Computer Vision technology. This will enable a new generation of enhanced mapping information based on crowdsourcing.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-30-2015 | Award Amount: 7.33M | Year: 2016

INTER-IoT project is aiming at the design, implementation and experimentation of an open cross-layer framework and associated methodology to provide voluntary interoperability among heterogeneous Internet of Things (IoT) platforms. The proposal will allow developing effectively and efficiently smart IoT applications, atop different heterogeneous IoT platforms, spanning single and/or multiple application domains. The overall goal of the INTER-IoT project is to provide a interoperable framework architecture for seamless integration of different IoT architectures present in different application domains. Interoperability will be provided at different levels: device, network, middleware, services and data. The two application domains and use cases addressed in the project and in which the IoT framework will be applied are m-health and port transportation and logistics. The project outcome may optimize different operations (e.g. increasing efficiency in transportation time; reducing CO2 emission in a port environment; improving access control and safety; improving remote patient attendance and increase the number of subject that surgery units can assist using the mobile devices with the same resources; reducing time spent in hospitals premises or reduce the time dedicated to the assistance activities carried out directly at the surgery with advantage for subjects in charge and also benefits those waiting, i.e. reduction of the waiting list) in the two addresses domains, but it may be extended to other application domains in which there is a need to interconnect different IoT architectures already deployed. The project may deal with interoperability at different layers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-18-2016 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2017

More and more data is being generated, and analyzing this data drives knowledge and value creation across society. Unlocking this potential requires sharing of (often personal) data between organizations, but this meets unwillingness from data subjects and data controllers alike. Hence, techniques that protect personal information for data access, processing, and analysis are needed. To address this, the SODA project will enable practical privacy-preserving analytics of information from multiple data assets using multi-party computation (MPC) techniques. For this data does not need to be shared, only made available for encrypted processing. The main technological challenge is to make MPC scale to big data, where we will achieve substantial performance improvements. We embed MPC into a comprehensive privacy approach, demonstrated in an ICT-14.b and a healthcare use case. Our first objective is to enable MPC for big data applications by scaling the performance. We follow a use case-driven approach, combining expertise from the domains of MPC and data analytics. Our second objective is to combine these improvements with a multidisciplinary approach towards privacy. By enabling differential privacy in the MPC setting aggregated results will not leak individual personal data. Legal analysis performed in a feedback loop with technical development will ensure improved compliance with EU data privacy regulation. User studies performed in a feedback loop with our consent control component will make data subjects more confident to have their data processed with our techniques. Our final objective is to validate our approach, by applying our results in a medical demonstrator originating from Philips practice and in a use case arising from the ICT-14.b data experimentation incubators. The techniques will be subjected to public hacking challenges. The technical innovations will be released as open-source improvements to the FRESCO MPC framework.

Wang F.,Shanghai University | Duarte J.L.,TU Eindhoven | Hendrix M.A.M.,TU Eindhoven | Ribeiro P.F.,Calvin College
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2011

This paper proposes an impedance-based analytical method for modeling and analysis of harmonic interactions between the grid and aggregated distributed generation (DG) inverters. The root cause of harmonic interaction/resonance problems is the impedance-network quasi-resonance between the effective output impedance of the inverter and the equivalent grid impedance at the connection point. Starting with the output impedance modeling of an inverter, a Norton model of the inverter is derived. Comparing with the switching model and the average model of the inverter, simulation results show the effectiveness of the model. This paper proposes that impedance limits should be specified and used as an extra design constraint for DG inverters in order to minimize the harmonic distortion impact on the grid. Assuming the impedance models of individual inverters and local loads within a distribution grid are known, especially in the case of new grids under construction, harmonic interactions between the grid and a certain number of DG inverters can be preliminarily estimated. © 2010 IEEE.

Milroy L.-G.,TU Eindhoven | Brunsveld L.,TU Eindhoven | Ottmann C.,TU Eindhoven
ACS Chemical Biology | Year: 2013

Small-molecule modulation of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is one of the most exciting but also difficult fields in chemical biology and drug development. As one of the most important "hub" proteins with at least 200-300 interaction partners, the 14-3-3 proteins are an especially fruitful case for PPI intervention. Here, we summarize recent success stories in small-molecule modulation, both inhibition and stabilization, of 14-3-3 PPIs. The chemical breath of modulators includes natural products such as fusicoccin A and derivatives but also compounds identified via high-throughput and in silico screening, which has yielded a toolbox of useful inhibitors and stabilizers for this interesting class of adapter proteins. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are involved in almost all biological processes, with any given protein typically engaged in complexes with other proteins for the majority of its lifetime. Hence, proteins function not simply as single, isolated entities but display their roles by interacting with other cellular components. These different interaction patterns are presumably as important as the intrinsic biochemical activity status of the protein itself. The biological role of a protein is therefore decisively dependent on the underlying PPI network that furthermore can show great spatial and temporal variations. A thorough appreciation and understanding of this concept and its regulation mechanisms could help to develop new therapeutic agents and concepts. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.7.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.33M | Year: 2013

The significant rise in distributed renewable energy sources has placed an enormous burden on the secure operation of the electrical grid, impacting both the transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs). The massive increase of the intermittent DRES in low (LV) and medium (MV) networks has led to a bidirectional power flow which raises the urgent need for new operational and control strategies in order to maintain the ability of the system to provide the consumers with reliable supply of electricity at an acceptable power quality level. Technically, INCREASE will focus on how to manage renewable energy sources in LV and MV networks, to provide ancillary services (towards DSO, but also TSOs), in particular voltage control and the provision of reserve. INCREASE will investigate the regulatory framework, grid code structure and ancillary market mechanisms, and propose adjustments to facilitate successful provisioning of ancillary services that are necessary for the operation of the electricity grid, including flexible market products. INCREASE will enable DRES and loads to go beyond just exchanging power with the grid which will enable the DSO to evolve from a congestion manager to capacity manager. This will result in a more efficient exploitation of the current grid capacity, thus facilitating higher DRES penetration at reduced cost. Because of the more efficient use of the existing infrastructure, grid tariffs could decrease, potentially resulting in a lower cost for the consumers. The INCREASE simulation platform will enable the validation of the proposed solutions and provides the DSOs with a tool they can use to investigate the influence of DRES on their distribution network. The INCREASE solutions will also be validated (i) by lab tests, as well as (ii) in three field trials in the real-life operational distribution network of Stromnetz Steiermark in Austria, of Elektro Gorenjska in Slovenia and of Liander in the Netherlands.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.2-09 | Award Amount: 11.84M | Year: 2013

The European aquaculture is a modern industry employing 190,000 people, with a 7 billion ex-farm value. This sector is well situated to be among world leaders in the efficient and sustainable production of safe seafood of the highest quality and nutritional value, taking into account consumer preferences and the large diversity of aquatic products from the wild. DIVERSIFY identified a number of new/emerging finfish species, with a great potential for the expansion of the EU aquaculture industry. The emphasis is on Mediterranean or warm-water cage culture, but also addressed are cold-water, pond/extensive and fresh water aquaculture. These new/emerging species are fast growing and/or large finfishes, marketed at a large size and can be processed into a range of products to provide the consumer with both a greater diversity of fish species and new value-added products. DIVERSIFY focuses on meagre (Argyrosomus regius) and greater amberjack (Seriola dumerili) for warm-water marine cage culture, wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) for warm- and cool-water marine cage culture, Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) for marine cold-water culture, grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) a euryhaline herbivore for pond/extensive culture, and pikeperch (Sanders lucioperca) for freshwater intensive culture using RAS. These species were selected based both on their biological and economical potential, and to cover the entire European geographic area and stimulate different aquaculture types. In collaboration with a number of SMEs, DIVERSIFY will build on recent/current national initiatives for species diversification in aquaculture, in order to overcome the documented bottlenecks in the production of these species. The combination of biological, technological and socioeconomic research planned in DIVERSIFY are expected to support the diversification of the aquaculture industry and help in expanding production, increasing aquaculture products and development of new markets.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 10.08M | Year: 2013

ACTPHAST is a unique one-stop-shop European access centre for photonics innovation solutions and technology support (Access CenTre for PHotonics innovAtion Solutions and Technology support). ACTPHAST will support and accelerate the innovation capacity of European SMEs by providing them with direct access to the expertise and state-of-the-art facilities of Europes leading photonics research centres, enabling companies to exploit the tremendous commercial potential of applied photonics. Technologies available within the consortium range from fibre optics and micro optics, to highly integrated photonic platforms, with capabilities extending from design through to full system prototyping. ACTPHAST has been geographically configured to ensure all of Europes SMEs can avail of timely, cost-effective, and investment-free photonics innovation support, and that the extensive range of capabilities within the consortium will impact across a wide range of industrial sectors, from communications to consumer-related products, biotechnology to medical devices. The access of predominantly SMEs to top-level experts and leading photonics technology platforms provided by the ACTPHAST consortium will be realised through focused innovation projects executed in relatively short timeframes with a critical mass of suitably qualified companies with high potential product concepts. As a result of these projects, the programme is expected to deliver a substantial increase in the revenues and employment numbers of the supported companies by supporting the development of new product opportunities and addressing emerging markets. Furthermore, through its extensive outreach activities, the programme will ensure there is an increased level of awareness and understanding across European industries of the technological and commercial potential of photonics.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.56M | Year: 2012

Soft nanotechnology is generally considered as a field that will have a major impact on technological developments in near future. However, the fundamental understanding of the wealth of new structures lacks far behind, despite supporting activity from material science. Such an understanding is indispensable for sustainable growth of this important research domain and its applications. A physics-oriented interdisciplinary education is urgently needed to guide young researchers to the point where they can tackle the relevant fundamental questions. SOMATAI is set up to provide just such training by combining two distinct scientific fields: Soft matter science is a well established interdisciplinary field for the bulk investigation of polymers, colloids, and liquid crystals with response amplitude and time to external stimuli as a function of soft matter structure being of special interest. The second highly relevant field is interface science, since nano-structured materials contain a huge area of internal interfaces which have an essential impact on material properties. The application of the soft matter approach to interfaces promises new and deeper understanding of interfacial phenomena. Interfaces of a water phase to a solid, liquid or gaseous second phase are of special interest and a focal point of SOMATAI. Such interfaces are highly relevant to products from European industry (food, cosmetics, paints) and processes (washing, coating, water purification). They have an outstanding importance from a scientific point of view due to specific interactions at such interfaces. This carefully planned teaching and research programme in a network of 10 leading academic partners, 1 large scale companies, 2 SMEs, and 4 top-level associated partners from Germany, Taiwan and the USA will ensure that young researchers are given an excellent training in a pioneering research domain of high scientific and technological relevance, where Europe can take a leading position.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-01-2014 | Award Amount: 30.14M | Year: 2015

The overall concept of MANTIS is to provide a proactive maintenance service platform architecture based on Cyber Physical Systems that allows to estimate future performance, to predict and prevent imminent failures and to schedule proactive maintenance. Maintenance is no longer a necessary evil that costs what it costs, but an important function that creates additional value in the business process as well as new business models with a stronger service orientation. Physical systems (e.g. industrial machines, vehicles, renewable energy assets) and the environment they operate in, are monitored continuously by a broad and diverse range of intelligent sensors, resulting in massive amounts of data that characterise the usage history, operational condition, location, movement and other physical properties of those systems. These systems form part of a larger network of heterogeneous and collaborative systems (e.g. vehicle fleets or photovoltaic and windmill parks) connected via robust communication mechanisms able to operate in challenging environments. MANTIS consists of distributed processing chains that efficiently transform raw data into knowledge while minimising the need for bandwidth. Sophisticated distributed sensing and decision making functions are performed at different levels in a collaborative way, ranging from local nodes to locally optimise performance, bandwidth and maintenance; to cloud-based platforms that integrate information from diverse systems and execute distributed processing and analytics algorithms for global decision making. The research addressed in MANTIS will contribute to companies assets availability, competitiveness, growth and sustainability. Use cases will be the testing ground for the innovative functionalities of the proactive maintenance service platform architecture and for its future exploitation in the industrial world. Results of MANTIS can be utilised directly in several industry areas and different fields of maintenanance.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.54M | Year: 2013

GOALS: The current state-of-the-art for autonomous environmental instruments monitoring the chemical and biological status of our water is based on flow systems that employ conventional approaches to sample/liquid handling, which makes them prohibitively expensive (often >20K per unit) in terms of up-scaling deployments. This project will investigate ways to deliver revolutionary advances in liquid/sample handling combined with new approaches to performing sensitive in-situ analytical measurements. Our goal is to drive down the unit cost of these instruments by orders of magnitude to levels that can create a tipping point, at which the technology becomes ubiquitous. OUTCOMES: Novel technologies that will contribute significantly to the realization of next generation autonomous analytical instruments for distributed environmental monitoring. New services based on the information generated by these instruments in real deployment scenarios. Photoactuated polymer valve structures fully integrated within microfluidic channels Highly sensitive detector integrated with microfluidics sample preparation Photocontrolled functions such as filtering, preconcentration, uptake and release, surface activation/passivation Prototype components will be integrated with existing autonomous sensing devices, and after lab based trials deployed at wastewater treatment plants and in the general environment. This strategy will enable risk to be managed by testing the novel biomimetic fluid handling components with existing detectors (e.g. colorimetric methods for nutrients). In a similar manner, a novel E coli sensor will be assessed using validated fluid handling technologies in the existing devices. This strategy will allow the biomimetic fluid handling and advanced detector elements of the research programme to advance independently, or collaboratively, depending on progress.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.75M | Year: 2008

The BONE-proposal builds on the foundations laid out by the ePhoton/ONe projects in the previous Framework Programme. This Network of Excellence has brought together over several years the research activities within Europe in the field of Optical Networks and the BONE-project intends to validate this effort by stimulating a more intensified collaboration, exchange of researchers and building on Virtual Centres of Excellence that can serve to European industry with education and training, research tools and testlabs and pave the way to new technologies and architectures.\nThe Network of the Future, which is the central theme of this Call, will have to cope with a wide variety of applications running on a wide variety of terminals and with an increasing number of connected devices and increasing speed and data-loads. The BONE-proposal does not look into issues as convergence between mobile and fixed networks, nor does it consider issues regarding the optimised broadband access in the last mile using a wide variety of technologies such as DSL, cable, WiMAX, WiFi, PLC,... The BONE-proposal looks further into the future and takes as the final Network of the Future:\n- a high capacity, flexible, reconfigurable and self-healing optical Core and Metro network which supports the transport of massive amounts of data\n- a FTTx solution in which the x is as close as possible to the home, at the home, or even in the home. From this point the user is connected using terminal-specific technologies (wireless to handheld devices, fiber to home cinema, wireless to laptop, fixed connection to desktop,...)\nBONE clearly identifies the existence of the current technologies and also recognizes the fact that users also require the mobility of wireless access, but this mobile connection ends at a gateway or access points and from there a fixed connection is required and this fixed connection will finally be an optical link.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-6.4-01 | Award Amount: 2.38M | Year: 2008

EERQI will build an advanced framework for relevance assessment of research documents in educational research based on formal mechanisms including citation analysis and linking, semantically-based full text analysis and co-occurrence of information items in open access and non-open access repositories, as well as in online journal articles, books, and other freely available scholarly publications. Educational research is chosen as an example of socially- and politically-embedded research fields within the humanities and social sciences. The resulting prototype framework of quality indicators and methods will provide the base toolset for a European information service for the observation and evaluation of educational research publications. The toolset can be applied to other social sciences and humanities fields. Complementary to traditional measurements of scientific quality (citation analysis, journal impact factor), new methods and indicators of quality assessment will be tested (usage assessments, versions available, other statistical methods, as well as by means of advanced, semantics-based detection of linking, correlations and referral contexts). The project will also address the complex role of the diversity of scientific languages in Europe. Different mother tongues are a barrier to the international flow of communication while also being fundamental to expressing complex scientific ideas which are often embedded in a certain cultural back-ground. Thus the project will also address the challenge of effectively dealing with multilingualism and specific cultural heritage of research traditions in the European countries. EERQI results will also raise visibility and competitiveness of European researchers and contribute to new policy bases for funding, hiring, and evaluation decisions in European academic and research institutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EeB-06-2015 | Award Amount: 5.91M | Year: 2015

The CREATE project aims to tackle the thermal energy storage challenge for the built environment by developing a compact heat storage. This heat battery allows for better use of available renewables in two ways: 1) bridging the gap between supply and demand of renewables and 2) increasing the efficiency in the energy grid by converting electricity peaks into stored heat to be used later, increasing the energy grid flexibility and giving options for tradability and economic benefits. The main aim of CREATE is to develop and demonstrate a heat battery, ie an advanced thermal storage system based on Thermo-Chemical Materials, that enables economically affordable, compact and loss-free storage of heat in existing buildings. The CREATE concept is to develop stabilized storage materials with high storage density, improved stability and low price, and package them in optimized heat exchangers, using optimized storage modules. Full scale demonstration will be done in a real building, with regulatory/normative, economic and market boundaries taken into account. To ensure successful exploitation, the full knowledge, value, and supply chain are mobilized in the present consortium. It will be the game changer in the transformation of our existing building stock towards near-zero energy buildings. WP1 Management,WP2 Cost Analysis and planning for future commercial products cost,WP3 System definition,design and simulation,WP4 Thermal storage materials optimization (key breakthroughs),WP5 Critical storage components and technology development (key breakthroughs),WP6 Thermal storage reactor design, implementation and test,WP7 System integration, experiments and optimization,WP8 Building integration and full scale demonstration,WP9 Dissemination and exploitation of results. CREATE will create viable supply chain by bringing together multiple scientific disciplines and industry. In other words, CREATE envisions a multi-scale, multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder approach.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.1-2 | Award Amount: 4.74M | Year: 2008

The aim of this project is to develop high density defect-free ultra-thin sealing coatings with excellent barrier properties and improved corrosion resistance. Their successful functioning will be provided by the synergy of the coating perfect morphology and its complex structural design, which can be tailored at the nanoscale. The study will be focused on development of novel nanostructured coating systems, such as nanoscale multilayers, mixed and composite coatings. These impermeable sealing layers must be able to block the ion exchange between the substrate material and an aggressive environment, thus offering an efficient protection against corrosion over a long term. The coatings will be deposited by four alternative vapour deposition techniques, Filtered Cathodic Arc Deposition (FCAD), High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering (HIPIMS), Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) and Plasma Enhanced Atomic layer Deposition (PEALD)). These techniques possess a unique advantage offering the deposition of highly conformal and uniform films of high density, free of defects. The technological objective of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of corrosion protection by FCAD, HIPIMS and ALD techniques on an industrial scale. To fulfil this objective, a complete industrial process for the multi-stage surface treatment, including cleaning, pre-treatment, coating deposition, must be defined. All techniques will be evaluated in terms of technical effectiveness, production costs, environmental impact and safety, and the most suitable technique(s) will be selected for further development on a large scale for the applications in some targeted industrial sectors. The applications, tested within this project, concern high precision mechanical parts (bearings), aerospace components (break systems) and gas handling components. The coating application in the decorative and biomedical domains will be assessed.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-07-2014 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2015

Within the Roadmaps for Energy (R4E) project the partners will work together to develop a new type of energy strategy through visions and roadmaps for the 8 partner cities, in co-creation with local stakeholders. The stakeholders include the benefactors of the strategy, such as citizens, as well as relevant research and industry partners, to offer a clear picture of the future potential of the city. In the R4E project a four step process is applied. The FIRST step sets the ambitions for the project. The ambitions of the participating cities on sustainable energy and Smart Cities in general are set, as well as the partner cities choice for 2 focus areas within Smart Energy Savings: 1.Smart Buildings, 2. Smart Mobility or 3. Smart Urban Spaces. The SECOND step is to develop desired scenarios for the cities for the selected focus areas. During the THIRD step the roadmap will be created, existing and future technologies and other developments will be identified, which enable the realization of the desired future scenarios. Opportunities and developments will be plotted on a timeline to provide insight in the required steps and milestones towards the favoured scenarios. The roadmaps will contain generic parts that are common for the partner cities, as well as specific parts that cater for the specific context of the cities. During the final and FOURTH step a project portfolio will be generated with new projects and initiatives to reach the ambitions, visions and roadmaps of the cities. This portfolio provides an overview of individual and joint projects and includes a cross-city learning plan and a financial plan. At the end of the project each partner city will each have 2 future scenarios, 2 roadmaps and a portfolio of individual and joint projects to implement sustainable energy policies and measures. Also the visioning and roadmapping capacities within the municipalities are developed to spur future development and implementation of innovative energy solutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-04-2014 | Award Amount: 7.88M | Year: 2015

Bringing intelligence and communication to everyday objects is a major challenge for future electronics. This Internet of Things concept envisions wide dissemination with new performances: robustness, large area, flexibility, eco-efficient large volume manufacturing at low cost. Beyond current TOLAE demonstration, a major technology jump driving the scalability towards nanoscale resolution via high-definition cost-effective printing is required to deliver the properties and electrical performances expected by applications. ATLASS Innovation Action takes this huge step by bringing high resolution technologies to the printing industries for the demonstration of products at TRL6 in high impact markets. New multifunctional high-performing inks (semiconductor mobility >1cm2/Vs, dielectrics, ferroelectrics) and high-resolution (down to 500nm and ~100nm thickness) R2R/S2S printing including nano-imprinting and gravure printing will be engineered and scaled-up on pre-industrial pilot lines, enabling high performance devices (speed ~ 10 MHz). In-line control and novel automatic optical inspection tools and methodology will be installed to ramp-up the yield of developed processes (>99%) thus enabling cost-efficient fabrication of advanced circuits (>1000 transistors, 50kHz clock rate). The technology capability is benchmarked with conventional TOLAE process and demonstrated with 4 applications in the field of Interactive objects and Sensing surfaces (temperature tag for smart food packaging, electronic label for logistics, impact force sensing foils for automotive safety -, proximity sensing for safer human-robot collaboration ). With a consortium of 11 top companies (7 SMEs) from the cutting-edge, fast growing printed electronics sector and 4 RTOs with high-level technology expertise, ATLASS will strongly impact the global market of sensors, labels and smart objects expected to reach revenue of several EUR billion with printed sensors share of EUR 644 million by 2022.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: IoT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 25.43M | Year: 2017

Automated driving is expected to increase safety, provide more comfort and create many new business opportunities for mobility services. The market size is expected to grow gradually reaching 50% of the market in 2035. The IoT is about enabling connections between objects or things; its about connecting anything, anytime, anyplace, using any service over any network. There is little doubt that these vehicles will be part of the IoT revolution. Indeed, connectivity and IoT have the capacity for disruptive impacts on highly and fully automated driving along all value chains towards a global vision of Smart Anything Everywhere. In order to stay competitive, the European automotive industry is investing in connected and automated driving with cars becoming moving objects in an IoT ecosystem eventually participating in BigData for Mobility. AUTOPILOT brings IoT into the automotive world to transform connected vehicles into highly and fully automated vehicle. The well-balanced AUTOPILOT consortium represents all relevant areas of the IoT eco-system. IoT open vehicle platform and an IoT architecture will be developed based on the existing and forthcoming standards as well as open source and vendor solutions. Thanks to AUTOPILOT, the IoT eco-system will involve vehicles, road infrastructure and surrounding objects in the IoT, with a particular attention to safety critical aspects of automated driving. AUTOPILOT will develop new services on top of IoT to involve autonomous driving vehicles, like autonomous car sharing, automated parking, or enhanced digital dynamic maps to allow fully autonomous driving. AUTOPILOT IoT enabled autonomous driving cars will be tested, in real conditions, at four permanent large scale pilot sites in Finland, France, Netherlands and Italy, whose test results will allow multi-criteria evaluations (Technical, user, business, legal) of the IoT impact on pushing the level of autonomous driving.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.85M | Year: 2013

ECCO-MATE aims to create a research and training platform for the development and implementation of novel fuel mixture preparation, injection profiling, air management and staged/low temperature combustion technologies both in marine and light-duty automotive diesel engines. The marine (slow speed, large-sized, two-stroke engines) and land-transport (high speed, small-to-medium-sized, four-stroke engines) sectors share essentially the same strategic challenges, namely the implementation of energy efficient and fuel flexible combustion technologies, in order to improve efficiency and meet stringent emission standards. However, there is little established training and academic communication between the two sectors, despite the common problems relating to the fuel injection, ignition and combustion methodologies and potentialities of new more environmentally friendly fuels. ECCO-MATE bridges this gap by creating a platform for research output exchange between the two sectors on diesel engine combustion by coupling state-of-the-art flow physics and combustion chemistry with CFD tools and advanced optical diagnostics. The consortium comprises 16 key partners - 6 Universities, 5 major key-stakeholders from the marine and automotive engine industries and 5 associate partners - from 7 EU countries and Japan. The consortium processes multi-disciplinary expertise, strong interests and tradition in both sectors and the necessary critical mass to achieve the research and ensuing training activities that highlight synergies, complementarities and provide solutions to the addressed common problems of the two sectors. The comprehensive training program (academic and professional training, focussed dissemination activities, trans-national and trans-sectoral mobility) exploits the multi-disciplinarity of the consortium creating high level skills for the participating researchers and ensuring continuation of the research activities after the project completion.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2013.2.4-1 | Award Amount: 48.35M | Year: 2014

CORE will consolidate, amplify, extend and demonstrate EU knowledge and capabilities and international co-operation for securing supply chains whilst maintaining or improving business performance, with specific reference to key Supply Chain Corridors. CORE will be driven by the requirements of: the Customs, law enforcement authorities, and other agencies nationally and internationally to increase effectiveness of security & trade compliance, without increasing the transaction costs for business and to increase co-operative security risk management (supervision & control); the business communities, specifically shippers, forwarders, terminal operators, carriers and financial stakeholders to integrate compliance and trade facilitation concepts like green lanes and pre-clearance with supply chain visibility and optimisation. CORE will consolidate solutions developed in Reference Projects in each supply chain sector (port, container, air, post). Implementation-driven R&D will be then undertaken designed to discover gaps and practical problems and to develop capabilities and solutions that could deliver sizable and sustainable progress in supply chain security across all EU Member States and on a global scale.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.1 | Award Amount: 10.05M | Year: 2014

The role of Data Centres (DCs) is vital for the Future Internet. However, DC infrastructures are already stressed by data volumes and service provisioning and consumption trends. Emerging demands cannot be addressed by todays DCs and call for a massive redesign or even transformation of DC architectures.COSIGN proposes a new DC architecture empowered by advanced optical technologies and will demonstrate novel solutions capable of sustaining the growing resource and operational demands of next generation DC Networks. COSIGN aims to move away from todays vendor specific, manually controlled, performance and scale limited DCs towards scalable DC solutions able to support future-proof dynamic, on-demand, low-latency, energy efficient and ultra-high bandwidth DC solutions. COSIGN introduces disruptive transformations in the data plane, significant advances to the control plane and major innovations in the DC virtualization and service orchestration: In the DC Data Plane, COSIGN will deliver an entirely-optical solution enabling scalable top-of-rack switches, ultra-low latency and high volume DC interconnects with high spatial dimensioning. In the DC Control Plane, COSIGN will build upon and extend the Software Defined Networks (SDN) paradigm leveraging capabilities from high-performance optical technologies while developing technology agnostic protocols for software/user defined routing and control. For the DC Management and Orchestration, COSIGN will implement a coherent framework for optical network and IT infrastructure abstraction, virtualization and end-to-end service orchestration.COSIGN brings together a unique combination of skills and expertise able to deliver, for the first time, a coordinated hardware and software architecture, which will guarantee the scale and performance required for future DCs. Results will be demonstrated in challenging industrial setting, leveraging a DC validation platform from Interoute a leading European service provider

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-29-2016 | Award Amount: 15.57M | Year: 2017

PIXAPP will establish the worlds first open access Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC) assembly & packaging Pilot Line. It combines a highly-interdisciplinary team of Europes leading industrial & research organisations. PIXAPP provides Europes SMEs with a unique one-stop-shop, enabling them to exploit the breakthrough advantages of PIC technologies. PIXAPP bridges the valley of death, providing SMEs with an easy access route to take R&D results from lab to market, giving them a competitive advantage over global competition. Target markets include communications, healthcare & security, which are of great socio-economic importance to Europe. PIXAPPs manufacturing capabilities can support over 120 users per year, across all stages of manufacturing, from prototyping to medium scale manufacture. PIXAPP bridges missing gaps in the value chain, from assembly & packaging, through to equipment optimisation, test and application demonstration. To achieve these ambitious objectives, PIXAPP will; 1) Combine a group of Europes leading industrial & research organisations in an advanced PIC assembly & packaging Pilot Line facility.2) Develop an innovative Pilot Line operational model that coordinates activities between consortium partners & supports easy user access through a single entry point. 3) Establish packaging standards that provide cost-efficient assembly & packaging solutions, enabling transfer to full-scale industrial manufacture. 4) Create the highly-skilled workforce required to manage & operate these industrial manufacturing facilities.5) Develop a business plan to ensure Pilot Line sustainability & a route to industrial manufacturing. PIXAPP will deliver significant impacts to a wide stakeholder group, highlighting how industrial & research sectors can collaborate to address emerging socio-economic challenges.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP-2008-3.5-1 | Award Amount: 5.64M | Year: 2009

The objective of EuroPIC is no less than to effect a fundamental change in the way applications based on photonic integrated circuits (PICs) are designed and manufactured in Europe. The key development is to facilitate access by small companies (SMEs) to development and manufacturing of photonic micro-systems in the form of advanced but very cost effective PICs. EuroPIC can bring forth a new production paradigm to forge a sustainable business sector with the potential for very significant future growth. This will be done by developing a generic technology that is capable of realising complex PICs from a small set of basic building blocks. The programme adopts a holistic approach addressing the whole production chain from idea, via proof of concept, design and prototype to product and application. The consortium will carry out research into manufacturing methods and high-throughput processes which will lead to an open-access industrial generic foundry production capability for Europe. It will demonstrate the potential of the generic approach by fabricating a number of Application Specific PICs (ASPICs) with a record combination of complexity and performance, for a wide range of applications in telecommunications, sensors, data communications, medical systems, metrology and consumer photonics. The consortium is in an excellent position to carry out this ambitious task. It includes Europes key players, a mix of SMEs, industry and academic partners, in the fields of component manufacturing, PIC design and applications, photonic CAD, and packaging. Further, EuroPIC is building a strong User Group, many of them SMEs, with committed users from different application fields, which will be actively involved in introducing cost-effective ASPICs in a variety of novel applications, providing Europe with a competitive advantage over the US and the Far East.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 5.06M | Year: 2008

EURO-FOS aims at creating a powerful pan-European network on photonic subsystems by clustering top European systems groups with proven track record in the design, development and evaluation of photonic subsystems. EURO-FOS aims at bridging the gap between research on device-level physics and new architectures from the network-level. The first objective of the project is the integration of researchers through exchange and mobility, allowing for innovation and reinforcing common research thrusts. The second objective is the access to expensive infrastructure creating economies of scale in the development and testing of photonic subsystems. The third objective is the strengthening of European research by creating a mechanism for partners to access devices developed in complementary European projects on photonic components. Functional integration of devices will create new ideas through the design and development of new subsystems within the project. EURO-FOS fourth objective is to complement European Commission efforts for combating Europes difficulty to turn scientific know-how developed in universities into exploitable technology. This will be achieved through the creation of an academic pan-European laboratory with strong industrial links. The creation of this lab can bridge the gap created by the shutdown or downsizing of major R&D industrial labs and help innovative SMEs that find it increasingly difficult to allocate R&D expenditure for basic research and expensive testing facilities. EURO-FOS is expected to have a high impact on Europes research through integration of people and clustering of research groups under the guidance of European industry. The creation of a unified and coherent European network of researchers with excellence in this field will ensure that Europe excels in this crucial part of the photonic systems development chain that links device-level physics and network architectures. Moreover, the creation of the pan-European research lab with diverse R&D capabilities, highly-skilled scientific personnel and state-of-the-art testing facilities, will critically assist Europes industry to perform innovative research and evaluate their developed technology in a system environment with advanced equipment and using accurate methods defined by EURO-FOS researchers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.35M | Year: 2012

The main objective of the LIGHTNESS project is the design, implementation and experimental evaluation of high performance data centre interconnects through the introduction of innovative photonic switching and transmission inside data centres. Harnessing the power of optics will enable data centres to effectively cope with the unprecedented demand growth to be faced in the near future, which will be driven by the increasing popularity of computing and storage server-side applications in the society. Indeed, the deployment of optical transmission systems leveraging Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) allows the transmission of more than a hundred of wavelength channels operating at 10, 40, 100 Gb/s and beyond. This effectively results in unlimited bandwidth capacities of multiple Terabit/s per fibre link, which can be efficiently utilized through next-generation all-optical switching paradigms like Optical Circuit Switching (OCS) or Optical Packet Switching (OPS).In this context, the LIGHTNESS project will join efforts towards the demonstration of a high-performance all-optical hybrid data plane for data centre networks, combining both OCS and OPS equipment to implement transport services tailored to the specific applications throughput and latency requirements. To this goal, an OPS node suitable for intra- data centre connectivity services will be developed and prototyped during the project, together with an enhanced Top of the Rack (TOR) switch seamlessly connecting servers in each rack to the hybrid OCS/OPS inter-cluster network. As an additional achievement of LIGHTNESS, the OCS/OPS inter-cluster network will be empowered with a control plane entity able to dynamically provision both OCS and OPS transport services in response of either the data centre management plane or the enhanced ToR switch. Such a control plane will also be developed and prototyped for integration in the final LIGHTNESS demo throughout the project.The LIGHTNESS project, joining partners with broad expertise in all data centre, optical data plane and optical control plane worlds, will bring innovation to the realization of data centre networking solutions meeting the real needs in such environments.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.4-1 | Award Amount: 4.78M | Year: 2014

MoDeNa aims at developing, demonstrating and assessing an easy-to-use multi-scale software-modelling framework application under an open-source licensing scheme that delivers models with feasible computational loads for process and product design of complex materials. The use of the software will lead to novel research and development avenues that fundamentally improve the properties of these nanomaterials. As an application case we consider polyurethane foams (PU), which is an excellent example of a large turnover product produced in a variety of qualities and of which the properties are the result of designing and controlling the material structure on all levels of scale, from the molecule to the final product. Polyurethanes are used in furniture, automotive, coatings, construction, thermal insulation and footwear, which are the most important industry sectors. Tailoring these properties requires understanding and detailed modelling of the fundamental material behaviour on all scales. An open-source software-suite will be constructed that logically interlinks scale and problem specific software of our university groups, using a software orchestrator that communicates information utilizing our proposed new communication standard in both directions, namely upwards to the higher scale and downwards to the lower scale. This feature is unique, enabling the solution of complex material design problems. By that this project contributes to strengthening the European leadership in design and production of nanocomposite materials with functional properties in general. It will also contribute to strengthening European SME positions in the development of computationally intensive simulation software. Finally, it will contribute to making production processes more efficient by combining scale-specific software tools thereby decreasing the time-to-market. This will enable the exploration of many more alternatives eventually leading to improved products and processes.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2008. | Award Amount: 6.56M | Year: 2009

Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges of our time which also threatens cultural heritage. As a non-renewable important resource to the European identity, sustainable adaptation strategies are required for long term preservation. For this purpose and for the first time ever, the CLIMATE FOR CULTURE project will couple completely new high resolution (10x10km) climate change evolution scenarios with whole building simulation models to identify the risks for specific regions. The innovation lies in the elaboration of a more reliable damage assessment by connecting the future climate data with whole building simulation models and new damage assessment functions. In situ measurements at UNESCO sites throughout Europe will allow a much more precise and integrated assessment of the real damage impact of climate change on cultural heritage. Appropriate sustainable mitigation/adaptation strategies, also from previous projects, are further developed and applied on the basis of these findings simultaneously. All these results will be incorporated into an assessment of the economic impacts. In order to ensure an efficient use of resources, this project will build on the results of already concluded EU research projects (Noahs Ark). Techniques from FP5/6 projects will be reassessed for their applicability in future scenarios at different regions in Europe and Mediterranean to fully meet sustainability criteria. The proposed project will thus be able to estimate more systematically the damage potential of climate change on European cultural heritage. The team consists of 27 multidisciplinary partners from all over Europe and Egypt including the worlds leading institutes in climate modelling and whole building simulation. The final achievement of the project will be a macro-economic impact report on cultural heritage in the times of climate change akin to the STERN report which would be a truly European contribution to future IPCC Reports.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2012.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.92M | Year: 2013

BIP-UPy addresses the need for biomedical implants which can be easily fine-tuned in their properties in regards to bioactivity, biodegradability, and mechanical performance, and thereby be optimized for their targeted clinical application. This project will develop a library comprising of a selection of synthetic polymers and specific bioactivities which can be used to provide the required properties for a targeted biomedical implant. The polymeric materials that will be addressed are supramolecular UPy-modified polymers for uses in urologic implants and embolic implants, benefitting large population groups: bio-degradable meshes with improved in-situ tissue regeneration in pelvic floor repair and endovascular embolic implants with a reduced aneurysm recurrence risk. A mix-and-match approach will be used to bioactivate these supramolecular base materials. The supramolecular nature of the materials allows for mild processing conditions. Main objective is to develop a methodology for obtaining implantable polymers with specifically designed bioactivity for in-situ Tissue Engineering, in which the medical implant is obtained in one step by co-processing of the peptide molecules with the neat polymeric material. Key deliverables are protocols for processable biocompatible UPy-based polymers synthesis and manufacturing scale-up; protocols for UPy-based polymers bioactivity tailoring; procedures for processing the UPy-based polymers preserving the bioactivity efficiency; sterilisation protocols for bioactive medical implants; bioactive implants prototypes with tailored bioactivities; material and implant biocompatibility and bioactivity tests data; new predictive in-vitro tests and drafts of regulatory docs. BIP-UPy consortium comprises 9 partners from 5 European countries: 3 RTD performing institutions and 2 Hospitals, 3 SMEs and 1 LE representing the strong industrial involvement. Forth SME (CHEMPILOTS-DK) has whithdrawn from project on 31/12/2014.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: HEALTH.2012.2.1.2-2 | Award Amount: 13.68M | Year: 2013

Through combining basic pre-clinical and clinical research, network analysis and computational modelling, RESOLVE aims at resolving the disturbed dynamics and mechanisms underlying the high triglyceride (HTG) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) phenotype and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated co-morbidities (cardiovascular disease, CVD; type 2 diabetes, T2DM; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, NAFLD). RESOLVE will deliver on 6 specific objectives: i) build a computational model for analyzing the kinetics of plasma lipids, lipoproteins and their interactions with glucose metabolism. ii) apply the iterative systems biology cycle for calibrating, validating and improving the computational model in dedicated studies in mice iii) build, calibrate and validate the computational model for use in humans. iv) analyze based on model and experimental data which processes in the murine metabolic network regulate the physiological response to perturbations in lipid, lipoprotein and glucose metabolism and how these interact. v) analyze based on model and experimental data which processes in the human metabolic network regulate the physiological response to perturbations in lipid, lipoprotein and glucose metabolism and how these interact vi) use the human model to identify network-based drug targets aimed at restoring the metabolic dyslipidemia and glycemic control in patients with MetS and associated comorbidities. RESOLVE 60-months project will result into a novel strategy for development of therapeutic strategies for MetS patients with T2DM, NAFLD or CVD.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.4.2-3 | Award Amount: 9.01M | Year: 2012

Humanitarian organisations like the Red Cross have sleeping emergency response units (ERU), which start acting immediately after disaster strikes. Each ERU has a specific function, e.g. medical care, sanitation, energy provision, or water supply. Current equipment solutions will be scanned and bottlenecks with respect to large volumes and/or heavy weight will be identified. Then, novel materials and concepts will be developed to drastically reduce the volume and weight for transportation. Examples of targeted innovations: lightweight but durable and thermally isolating tent materials, novel concepts for energy supply (biogas from sanitation), textile to line pit latrines, light weight textiles to store and distribute water and smart packaging of materials (matryoshka doll principle, i.e. smaller units in medium ones in larger ones, the smallest transportable by single persons). Settlement kit modules will be developed that can be used for debris recuperation and re-use of damaged facilities. This is crucial as the recent trend in emergency aid is to stimulate as early as possible the self-repair. These kits can be inserted in an affected area (affected city, improvised camp, rural region) to regain as quickly as possible a temporary economic and social life. For reaching the ambitious goals, the project team consists of carefully selected partners. The project will be guided by a humanitarian actor (Red Cross). Further, key partners, experts in material and structural engineering, industrial design and architecture, are added for the design of shelters and their materials and for packaging and logistics. This project will provide kits that can be pre-positioned and mobilized very quickly and easily, that are modular and adaptable, low cost, high-tech in their conception but low-tech in use. These anticipated kits can literally improve the lives of millions of peoples the first hours, days and weeks after a major disaster and this for years to come.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.5.1.2 | Award Amount: 9.22M | Year: 2014

ASCENT will provide a robust proof-of-concept of three related high temperature processes; each will lead to a step-change in efficiency of carbon removal in three types of pre-combustion capture, producing the hydrogen needed for highly efficient low-carbon power production. The project brings together five small and medium enterprises preparing to launch these concepts with the support of leading research institutes, universities and industrial partners. The essential feature linking the three technologies is the use of a high temperature solid sorbent for the simultaneous separation of CO2 during conversion of other carbon containing gases (CO and CH4) into H2. Each technology provides a step-change in efficiency because they all separate the CO2 at elevated temperatures (>300C) providing for more efficient heat integration options not available in technologies where the separation occurs at lower temperatures. Each process matches both endothermic and exothermic heat requirements of associated reactions and sorbent regeneration in an integrated in situ approach. The synergies between the three technologies are strong, allowing both multiple interactions between the different work packages and allowing a consistent framework for cross-cutting activities across all the technologies. Each technology will be proven under industrially relevant conditions of pressure and temperature, at a scale that allows the use of industrially relevant materials that can be manufactured at a scale needed for real implementation. This represents a necessary step to be taken for each of the technologies before setting out on the route to future demonstration level activities. ASCENT, Advanced Solid Cycles with Efficient Novel Technologies, addresses the need for original ideas to reduce the energy penalty associated with capturing carbon dioxide during power generation, and create a sustainable market for low carbon emission power with low associated energy penalties

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.1.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.60M | Year: 2013

SUBCOP sets out to develop technologies and procedures that can be applied by the Police Security Forces when responding to a suspected PBIED (Person Borne Improvised Explosive Device). It addresses the course of action to take when an alert to a possible PBIED has been issued, and an attack may be imminent. SuBCoP is insensitive to how the alert is raised, should it be based on detection of explosives or explosive devices, informants reporting, or other intelligence sources. It is however sensitive to the fact that the alert only gives cause for suspecting the presence of a PBIED, and that this suspicion can be of lower or higher confidence. SUBCOP will develop guidance as to what response to a PBIED that is ethically and socially justifiable for a given situation. The core objective of SUBCOP is to consider the available technological tools for less than lethal PBIED intervention, the novel procedures for their application, and the development of new less than lethal capabilities These together will fit to the highly set requirements; to avoid injuries on the suspect yet control the situation to such an extent that no harm will come to innocent bystanders or first responders, should the suspicion of a PBIED presence be accurate. The SUBCOP consortium is well equipped to address this complex and challenging task, encompassing small scale and large scale security focused and technology developing enterprises, security and defence research organisations, medical and ethical expert organisations and end users with first hand experience in PBIED situations.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.5.3 | Award Amount: 14.33M | Year: 2011

VPH-Share will develop the organisational fabric (the infostructure) and integrate the optimised services to (1) expose and share data and knowledge, (2) jointly develop multiscale models for the composition of new VPH workflows, (3) facilitate collaborations within the VPH community. Four flagship workflows (from @neurIST, euHeart, VPHOP, Virolab) provide existing data, tools and models, engage with the services developed by VPH-Share to drive the development of the infostructure, and pilot its applications. Data sources are usually clinical data from individual patients - medical images and/or biomedical signals - sometimes with population information. The operations range from secure access and storage through annotation, data inference and assimilation, to complex image processing and physics-based mathematical modelling, to data reduction and representation. The project focuses on a key bottleneck: the interface with the wealth of data from medical research infrastructures and from clinical processes. VPH-Share will provide the essential services, as well as the computational infrastructure, for the sharing of clinical and research data and tools, facilitating the construction and operation of new VPH workflows, and collaborations between the members of the VPH community. Evaluating the effectiveness and fitness-for-purpose of the infostructure and developing a thorough exploitation strategy are key activities, creating confidence in the communities. The consortium, through its optimal mix of medical, mathematical, engineering, software & hardware and industrial knowledge and expertise from the EU and internationally, will make this effort a success, delivering to European citizens clinically useful outcomes that will benefit society. The duration of the project is 4 years, its budget is 14.3M, with an EC contribution of 10.7M.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 12.34M | Year: 2013

BIO-GO-For-Production is a Large Scale Collaborative Research Project that aims to achieve a step change in the application of nanocatalysis to sustainable energy production through an integrated, coherent and holistic approach utilizing novel heterogeneous nanoparticulate catalysts in fuel syntheses. BIO-GO researches and develops advanced nanocatalysts, which are allied with advanced reactor concepts to realise modular, highly efficient, integrated processes for the production of fuels from renewable bio-oils and biogas. Principal objectives are to develop new designs, preparation routes and methods of coating nanocatalysts on innovative micro-structured reactor designs, enabling compact, integrated catalytic reactor systems that exploit fully the special properties of nanocatalysts to improve process efficiency through intensification. An important aim is to reduce the dependence on precious metals and rare earths. Catalyst development is underpinned by modelling, kinetic and in-situ studies, and is validated by extended laboratory runs of biogas and bio-oil reforming, methanol synthesis and gasoline production to benchmark performance against current commercial catalysts. The 4-year project culminates in two verification steps: (a) a 6 month continuous pilot scale catalyst production run to demonstrate scaled up manufacturing potential for fast industrialisation (b) the integration at miniplant scale of the complete integrated process to gasoline production starting from bio-oil and bio-gas feedstocks. A cost evaluation will be carried out on the catalyst production while LCA will be undertaken to analyse environmental impacts across the whole chain. BIO-GO brings together a world class multi-disciplinary team from 15 organisations to carry out the ambitious project, the results of which will have substantial strategic, economic and environmental impacts on the EU petrochemicals industry and on the increasing use of renewable feedstock for energy.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2007. | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2009

The aim of PERFECTION is to help enable the application of new building design and technologies that improve the impact of the indoor built environment on health, comfort, feeling of safety and positive stimulation. The project concept consists of the following components: - the inventory of current standards, regulations, technologies and ongoing and recent research activities and policies related with optimal indoor environment - analysis of current indoor performance indicators and their applicability positioned within a generic framework, and identifying areas where new indicators for health and safety should be developed - experiences from use cases of building design and technologies exploiting the indicators in different building types - development of a decision support tool to guide the use of correct indicators for a given context - identification of incentives and barriers for the wide use of performance indicators - a roadmap and recommendations for building design and technologies, and support for policies - a wide dissemination of findings through an extensive expert network. The project is carried out at an EU scale and the project results will reach every EU country. More than 40 experts from over 30 countries and representing industry, academia and research were carefully selected to the PERFECTION team to ensure the needed depth and width. The network consists of experts from various domains that are in the focus of the call, such as indoor health issues, acoustics, universal design, performance metrics and tools, sustainable design and construction, etc. The PERFECTION project will organize 5 events all across Europe and will produce a quality publication - showcase of a number of case studies across all EU-27 countries, whereby the impact of innovative and well defined technologies as well as policies on specific buildings will be presented in a user friendly way.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fusion-2007-7.1 | Award Amount: 2.48M | Year: 2008

This aim of the FUSENET project is the establishment of a European Fusion Education Network (FUSENET) for education in fusion science and technology, as part of a comprehensive package of coordination actions, in order to increase, enhance, and broaden fusion training and education activities in Europe. The project consists of eleven focused work packages, with a total proposed budget of 2,000,000 . The project brings together a broad representation of the European fusion community with 36 participants from 18 countries, of which 22 Universities and 14 Euratom Associations. The project consists of four groups of coordination actions: the establishment and running of the FUSENET network; development of individual learning opportunities and common educational goals; development of educational materials and hands-on experiments; and funding of joint educational activities. The FUSENET project will cover all education levels, from secondary school through Bachelor and Master level, to PhD. The actions of FUSENET build upon the already strongly coordinated European Fusion Research programme, coor-dinated under the European Fusion Development Agreement EFDA. The network will be given a permanent identity by the establishment of the FUSENET Association, which will provide a platform for the coordination of existing actions, the initiation, development and implementation of new EU-wide actions, and for the exchange and dissemination of fusion education information. The envisioned concrete end result of the FUSENET project is an integrated fusion education system in Europe, with strong links between fusion institutes and higher education institutes. Through a central website, the pro-gramme will offer a transparent structure of coherent educational actions, accessible and inviting, in which stu-dents and teachers can easily find their way to a variety of attractive ways to participate in the fusion research programme.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2013

The goal of the Multi-Partner ITN-RAPID (Reactive Atmospheric Plasma processIng - eDucation network) is the realization of an interdisciplinary training involving the disciplines physics, chemistry and engineering. As a result, RAPID will create the platform for a truly European PhD in plasma technology. The scientific goal is the development of non-equilibrium reactive processes in atmospheric pressure plasmas. Thereby, the great success of low pressure plasmas enabling a multitude of applications ranging from material synthesis, automotive and microelectronics can be repeated. In addition, even more applications become possible due to the easy integration of atmospheric pressure plasmas in current industrial processes. Hot topics such as large area solar cells, barrier coatings to improve the permeation properties of polymers and plasma chemical gas conversion are selected. The research success requires a specific training covering diverse aspects such as modeling and simulation of plasmas and surfaces, diagnostic to validate these models and the implications for industrial scale-up. This will be trained in a coordinated effort involving 10 academic and 10 industrial partners from 8 European countries.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 8.19M | Year: 2011

DemoCLOCK aims to demonstrate the technical, economic and environmental feasibility for implementing packed bed based high temperature high pressure Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) in large-scale power plants. A medium sized (500 kW) fixed bed reactor will be designed, build and operated integrated in an existing Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant at Elcogas. The packed bed CLC will be used to convert gasified solid hydrocarbons (raw syngas) to energy. In this way the packed bed reactor technology opens possibilities of using multiple fuels (e.g. coal, petcoke biomass). It will deliver power production with a reduced energy penalty for CO2 avoidance in a cost effective way, as compared to currently available techniques. The DemoCLOCK project is set up to use the experience from design, operation and optimisation of the medium scale reactor to start building a pilot plant, within 1 year after this project. DemoCLOCK consists of 7 technical work packages. All tasks are related to proof of feasibility: the medium scale demonstration of a 500kW reactor, which will take place in WP4 Commissioning & demonstration. In WP1 VITO, SINTEF, Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) and ECN fully test and characterize the two selected natural, inexpensive minerals; one of them will be selected for the demonstration unit and fabricated into a selected shape in large scale by Cramiques Techniques et Industrielles. SINTEF and TU/e will design and optimise the up-scaled reactor (WP2), after which Array Industries will build it and install it at the existing IGCC power plant (WP3 and 4). During development and operation of the 500 kW reactor, information from WP1 to WP4 will be fed into the Technology Implementation Plan, WP5, led by Politecnico di Milano and in collaboration with Foster Wheeler Italiana, an E&C company, that will confirm the industrial and commercial feasibility of the proposed configuration. To ensure that all health, safety and environmental aspects are taken into account, while designing and building the reactor, IEIA, SINTEF and VITO perform an environmental impact and waste management assessment in WP6. In WP7, led by Foster Wheeler, all partners will work together towards the commercialisation of the technology. Before the end of the project, a business plan, comprising choices on how to exploit the IPR, will be established and the techno-economic aspects of a full-scale CLC power plant will be evaluated before the end of the project. Dissemination of the knowledge will be a natural task in WP8.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.7 | Award Amount: 11.62M | Year: 2010

The Mode-Gap project targets the 100 fold enhancement of the overall capacity of broadband core networks, and seeks to provide Europe with a lead in the development of the next generation internet infrastructure that will soon be desperately needed if we are to keep pace with societies ever increasing data-transmission requirements. It is now recognized that research results are within a factor of 2 of fundamental capacity limits, bounded by fibre nonlinearity and the Shannon Limit and radical approaches now need to be investigated if we are to avert grid-lock on the internet. Mode-Gap will develop multi-mode photonic band gap long haul transmission fibres, and associated enabling technologies. These fibres offer the potential of order of magnitude capacity increases through the use of multiple-input-multiple-output operation of the multi-mode fibre capacity and further order of magnitude capacity increases through the ultra low loss and ultra-low nonlinearity offered by multi-mode photonic bandgap fibre.Specifically MODE-GAP will:\tDevelop ultra-low loss (0.1 dB/km) multi-mode (>10 modes) photonic band gap transmission fibre (MM-PBGF).\tDevelop novel rare earth doped optical amplifiers for the new transmission windows necessary for the achievement of ultra-long links.\tDevelop sources and detector arrays operating within the 1.8 to 2.1 um region\tDevelop MIMO arrangements for coupling source arrays to multi-mode fibre and multi-mode fibre to detector arrays\tDevelop MIMO and dispersion compensation signal processing algorithms applicable to both conventional solid core (glass and POF) fibres and MM-PBGF.MODE-GAP is therefore fully aligned with the objectives of ICT-2009.3.7 and directly addresses several of its target outcomes by developing photonics technologies, components and (sub) systems driven by key applications/social needs and using them to fulfil the EU vision of future-proof networks and systems enabling unlimited bandwidth enablingmore optical processing and very high spectral-density transmission and the reductionof power consumption at the system and component level with the ultimate goal ofenabling increasing information throughput. If successful, the MODE-GAP technologywill have a significant impact in enabling future proof networks and systems ofincreasing information throughput. Without such a breakthrough the internet of thefuture will be severely compromised. The fundamental research needed to avoid this needs tobe undertaken now.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-1.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.94M | Year: 2008

Atmospheric plasma techniques as processing methods have a number of advantages which include their ability to tailor the surface chemistry at the nanometre level. As such, the plasma treatments are energy efficient, reproducible and environmentally clean. In-line, continuous reel-to-reel processing equipment has been developed in the last 5 years. The wide scale application of this nano-processing technology in the pre-treatment of packaging materials in reel-to-reel processing has however been severely limited. One of the main reasons for this is the relatively slow processing velocity for coating depositions. In general, the velocities need to be increased by 2-5 fold in order to fully exploit the new nano-processing techniques. This proposal will address these issues in order to assist in the transfer of atmospheric plasma processing technology from the laboratory scale to industrial level in the packaging industry. Special attention will go out to the very promising combination with sol-gel technology. A method and equipment for in-line plasma deposition of high-barrier bio-based coatings to be applied in conjunction with extrusion coating at industrial line speeds will be developed. The approach will exploit sol-gel coatings applied on the substrates by plasma deposition. The substrates include paper, cardboard and plastic films. Renewable, biobased and biodegradable materials will be used as extrusion coatings. The project aims at replacement of fluoropolymer based grease barrier materials with sol-gel coated bioplastics and substitution of non-renewable barrier packaging films with renewables based materials in general. To achive these objectives, several leading European institutes and universities in atmospheric plasma deposition technology (VITO and TUE), sol-gel development (FhG-ISC and VTT) and extrusion coating and analytics development (TUT and JSI) together with a range of industrial participants are incorporated in the proposal.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 4.72M | Year: 2010

The interest in bottom-up fabricated semiconductor nanowires (NWs) has been growing steadily in the last years due to their potential as basic building blocks of nanoscale devices and circuits. Investigations performed so far try to exploit three unique properties of NWs: First, they are the smallest dimension structures that allow optical guiding and electrical contacting simultaneously. Second, their large surface to volume ratio enhances their interaction with the environment, turning them into optimal chemical and biological sensors. Finally, their anisotropic geometry makes their optical and electrical properties dramatically dependent on their orientation, allowing their use as polarization-dependent sensors. Most NW applications rely on the ability to grow, characterize (structurally, optically and electronically) and manipulate both individual and collections of NWs. To date it is rather difficult to find a single research group covering all of the above competences, and students (or post-docs) usually focus on a single aspect of NW-based device realization (either growth, characterization, simulation or device assembly). The scope of this project is to create a European Network of experienced teams that will provide early stage researchers with a multidisciplinary framework and a comprehensive training in the field of NW physics and applications. The active involvement of industrial partners will ensure that the acquired competences are driven by industrial needs, such as scalable and low cost NW production. The interaction with associated industrial partners will also add to the employability of the recruited researchers through the exposure to the private sector. The main applications that we intend to address within the project time are the following: (i) nanowires for sensing applications, (ii) nanowires for optoelectronics (iii) nanowires for nanoelectronics and (iv) nanowires for energy harvesting.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2009.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.94M | Year: 2010

ICT developments both enable and also enforce large-scale, highly-connected systems in society and industry. Knowledge to cope with these emerging systems is lacking. HYCON2 will stimulate and establish the long-term integration of the European research community, leading institutions and industry in the strategic field of control of complex, large-scale, and networked dynamical systems. It will interconnect scattered groups to create critical mass and complementarity, and will provide the necessary visibility and communication with the European industries. HYCON2 will assess and coordinate basic and applied research, from fundamental analytical properties of complex systems to control design methodologies with networking, self-organizing and system-wide coordination. HYCON2 has identified several applications domains to motivate, integrate, and evaluate research in networked control. These domains are ground and aerospace transportation, electrical power networks, process industries, and biological and medical systems. Benchmarking will serve as a tool for testing and evaluating the technologies developed in HYCON2 and for stimulating and enforcing excellence by the identification and adoption of best practices. In particular, two show-case applications corresponding to real-world problems have been selected in order to demonstrate the applicability of networked control and the need for research in control. As no substantial technological breakthrough can be achieved without preparing the proper cultural background, a further important objective of HYCON2 is to spread and disseminate excellence through multi-disciplinary education at the graduate and undergraduate level. The proposed research, integration and dissemination program will make Europe both the prominent scientific and the industrial leader in the area of highly complex and networked control systems, therefore posing Europe in an extraordinary position to exploit their impact in economy and society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2013.2.2-4 | Award Amount: 6.10M | Year: 2013

Energy harvesting at low frequency has proven to be difficult to achieve in the past because of the properties of the materials that the devices are fabricated from. In particular the stiffness of conventional silicon and all piezoelectric materials makes it exceedingly difficult to make a system that can operate below 100Hz. There are many sources of low frequency vibrations e.g. human motion, the motion of ships, and traffic; so an Energy Harvester that can operate in this frequency range would have a large commercial potential and extensive opportunities for future exploitation. This multi disciplinary project proposal addresses the lack of durable energy harvesting systems in this frequency range. With primary objectives of the project being the development of materials and devices for; Low frequency tunable energy harvesting device and High energy density compact supercapacitors for energy storage with secondary objectives being: - The necessary electronics to connect them and make them work efficiently - Packaging technologies that will integrate the full system and make it biocompatible - A study of component reliability and models that can project their lifetime - An end of life study and an environmental impact assessment Perpetually self powered electronic systems that can be implanted into the human body is the application area that we have targeted for demonstration of this technology, because there are a clear set of requirements which will motivate the design, fabrication and test of the system under consideration. The two primary objectives present a range of novel and substantial materials challenges in both making the components, achieving a reliable unattended operational extended lifetime and ensuring that the devices are not toxic to the host that they are implanted into. While the secondary ones will facilitate an appropriate demonstration of the technology and ensure its usefulness after the project has been completed.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.1.4 | Award Amount: 11.27M | Year: 2010

Future Internet (FI) applications will see dynamic compositions of services providing a broad diversity of functions, starting with business functionality down to infrastructure services. Their progress crucially depends on the service providers ability to deal with two interdependent challenges: (1) to achieve, maintain and prove compliance with security requirements stemming from internal needs, 3rd party demands and international regulations and (2) to cost-efficiently manage policies and security configuration in operating conditions.\nThe deficiencies of current processes and tools force service providers to trade off profitability against security and compliance. Major causes are (1) ignorance or manual resolution of policy and configuration dependencies, caused by distinct terminologies and languages of security domains, and the complexity of large-scale distributed systems, (2) constant evolution of requirements and regulations as well as service compositions and configurations, and (3) the number of stakeholders involved in security management and requirement definition.\nPoSecCo overcomes this by establishing a traceable and sustainable link between high-level requirements and low-level configuration settings. Operations will be supported by self-managed features and decision support systems. Substantial improvements are expected in the areas of policy modeling and conflict detection across architectural layers, decision support for policy refinement processes, policy and configuration change management including validation, remediation and audit support, and security management processes in FI application scenarios. PoSecCo addresses the economic viability of the chosen approach by assessing cost and organizational benefits of an improved policy and configuration management.\nPoSecCo continues other EC projects, especially DESEREC, POSITIF, and MASTER, and adopts existing industry-standards for change management and audit to ensure its impact.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-3-2014 | Award Amount: 4.70M | Year: 2015

Quantum Simulators provide new levels of understanding of equilibrium and out-of-equilibrium properties of many-body quantum systems, one of the most challenging problems in physics. The main objective of the RYSQ project is to use Rydberg atoms for quantum simulations, because their outstanding versatility will allow us to perform a great variety of useful quantum simulations, by exploiting different aspects of the same experimental and theoretical tools. By implementing not only one but a whole family of Rydberg Quantum Simulators, the project will address both the coherent and incoherent dissipative dynamics of many-body quantum systems, with potential applications in the understanding and design of artificial light harvesting systems, large quantum systems with controlled decoherence, and novel materials. This will be achieved by building upon a novel generic approach to quantum simulation, where Rydberg atoms allow both digital (gate) and analog (interaction) simulations. In addition to solving problems in fundamental and applied science, the project will build up core competences for quantum science and technologies in mainstream engineering, by using innovative methods for communication, dissemination and exploitation of results. In summary, RYSQ plans (A) to develop a collection of novel experimental and theoretical tools for Rydberg quantum simulators, and (B) to use them as a basis for implementing many important applications of quantum simulations. The project is structured in such a way to allow for efficient exchanges within the consortium, and to maximize the overall outcome of the work.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.2 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2008

White Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) are potentially highly efficient large area light sources that can be used for general lighting applications in hitherto unprecedented ways, such as light-emitting flexible foils. In the past years, the luminous efficacy of prototype white OLEDs has shown a very fast, fivefold, increase. In principle, there seems to be no fundamental obstacle towards 100 lm/W efficiency, beyond that of fluorescent lamps. However, in practice the ever-increasing complexity of OLEDs (20 layers or more) now hampers further progress towards that goal, in part because reaching this efficiency goal is only of practical interest in combination with durability, colour stability and tunability, mechanical stability and ease of fabrication. For the further development of efficient white OLEDs, the availability of an experimentally validated opto-electronic device model will be crucial. Todays first generation models, based on conventional understanding of transport and photo-physical processes, are at least incomplete for realistic OLED materials. The AEVIOM project aims at enabling a breakthrough in white OLED efficiency and lifetime by the development and application of an integrated second generation OLED model. After experimental validation, the model will provide a quantitatively correct physical description of the effects of disorder on the transport and photo-physical processes. The model will be the basis for numerical methods that properly include the entire chain of electrical and optical effects inside the organic semiconductor, as well as the optical out-coupling. Finally, experimentally validated recommendations will be given towards the realization of a breakthrough in white OLED efficiency and lifetime, and also in device manufacturing (simplified optimal layer structure).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.5 | Award Amount: 5.81M | Year: 2008

At its core, collaboration in most business endeavors is ultimately about presence and the face-to-face contact that is needed to establish a human atmosphere that increases the teams performance, mutual understanding and trust. Traditional camera-on-top-of-a-TV-set-on-a-cart videoconferencing systems have failed to meet the telepresence challenge of providing a viable alternative for physical business travel, which is nowadays characterized by unacceptable delays, costs, inconvenience, and an increasingly large ecological footprint. Even recent high-end commercial solutions such as Ciscos TelePresence, Polycoms RPX, and HPs HALO, while partially removing some of these traditional shortcomings, still present the problems of not scaling easily, are expensive to implement, do not utilize 3D life-sized representations of the remote participants and only address eye contact and gesture-based interactions in very limited ways. As a result, none of them is able to convey a natural impression to the remote conferees. The 3D Presence project proposes a research and development agenda that is both timely and necessary. It is born from the realization that effective communication and collaboration with geographically dispersed co-workers, partners, and customers requires a natural, comfortable, and easy-to-use experience that utilizes the full bandwidth of non-verbal communication. With this goal in mind, the 3D Presence project will implement a multi-party, high-end 3D videoconferencing concept that will tackle the problem of transmitting the feeling of physical presence in real-time to multiple remote locations in a transparent and natural way. In order to realize this objective, 3D Presence will go beyond the current state of the art by emphasizing the transmission, efficient coding and accurate representation of physical presence cues such as multiple user (auto) stereopsis, multi-party eye contact and multi-party gesture-based interaction.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.8.0 | Award Amount: 797.38K | Year: 2008

One of the most important challenges of the emerging Information Age is to effectively utilise the immense wealth of information and data acquired, computed and stored by modern information systems. On the one hand, the appropriate use of available information volumes offers large potential to realize technological progress and business success. On the other hand, there exists the severe danger that users and analysts easily get lost in irrelevant, or inappropriately processed or presented information, a problem which is generally called the information overload problem. Visual Analytics is an emerging research discipline developing technology to make the best possible use of huge information loads in a wide variety of applications. The basic idea is to appropriately combine the strengths of intelligent automatic data analysis with the visual perception and analysis capabilities of the human user. We propose a Coordination Action to join European academic and industrial RandD excellence from several individual disciplines, forming a strong Visual Analytics research community. An array of thematic working groups set up by this consortium will focus on advancing the state of the art in Visual Analytics. Specifically, the working groups will join excellence in the fields of data management, data analysis, spatial-temporal data, and human visual perception research with the wider visualisation research community. This Coordination Action will (1.) form and shape a strong European Visual Analytics community, (2.) define the European Visual Analytics Research Roadmap, (3.) expose public and private stakeholders to Visual Analytics technology and (4.) set the stage for larger follow-up Visual Analytics research initiatives in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 3.42M | Year: 2007

DRIVER is a multi-phase effort whose vision and primary objective is to establish a cohesive, pan-European infrastructure of Digital Repositories, offering sophisticated functionality services to both researchers and the general public. The present proposal (DRIVER Phase-II) aims to introduce key innovations compared to the original DRIVER project, while building on its results. The main novelties envisioned are: Establishment of a European Confederation of Digital Repositories as a strategic arm of DRIVER; Inclusion of Digital Repositories with non-textual or non-publication content, e.g., images, presentations, and possibly primary data; Construction of enhanced publications, which combine interrelated information objects into a logical whole, e.g., publications coupled with relevant presentations and associated datasets; Provision of advanced functionality to address the requirements raised by the above innovations or to serve varied modes of scientists research explorations. Additionally, DRIVER Phase-II moves from a test-bed to a production-quality infrastructure, expands the geographical coverage of Digital Repositories included in it, intensifies state-of-the-art and future-direction studies, and escalates dissemination, training, and community building activities. DRIVER Phase-II significantly broadens the horizons of the whole DRIVER endeavour regarding infrastructure operation, functionality innovation, and community relevance, and constitutes a major step on the way to the envisioned Knowledge Society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.6.1.4 | Award Amount: 17.19M | Year: 2009

The overall objective of this project is to provide and demonstrate technical solutions which will allow the use of state-of-the-art highly efficient, reliable gas turbines in the next generation of IGCC plants, suitable for combusting undiluted hydrogen-rich syngas derived from a pre-combustion CO2 capture process, with high fuel flexibility. The recognised challenge is to operate a stable and controllable gas turbine on hydrogen-rich syngas with emissions and process parameters similar to current state-of-the-art natural gas turbine engines. This objective will have severe implications on the combustion technology, hot gas path materials, the aerodynamic performance of turbomachinery components, and the system as a whole. The project will address these issues in Subprojects: SP1: Combustion; SP2: Materials; SP3: Turbomachinery and SP4: System analysis. In addition, the project will also look into gas turbine fuel flexibility, which will be demonstrated in order to allow the burning of back-up fuels, such as natural gas, without adversely affecting the reliability and availability. This is an important operational requirement to ensure optimum use of the gas turbine. The H2-IGCC project coordinated by the European Turbine Network - gathers the whole value chain of gas turbine power plant technology, including Original Equipment Manufacturers, GT users/operators and research institutes with diverse key expertise needed to fulfil the objectives. Successful dissemination and implementation of the results will open up the market for IGCC with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), as it will improve the commercial competitiveness of IGCC technology. In particular, the integrated approach used in the project will enhance confidence and significantly reduce deployment times for the new technologies and concepts developed in this project. The vision is that this will allow for the deployment of high efficiency gas turbines in competitive IGCC plants with CCS technology by 2020.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016

This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-04-2015 | Award Amount: 18.33M | Year: 2016

The ageing population and related increase in chronic diseases put considerable pressure on both the healthcare system and the society, resulting in an unsustainable rise of healthcare costs. As a result there is an urgent need to improve efficiency of care and reduce hospitalisation time in order to control cost and increase quality of life. Addressing this need, medical applications need to become less invasive and improve disease detection, diagnosis and treatment using advanced imaging and sensing techniques. ASTONISH will deliver breakthrough imaging and sensing technologies for monitoring, diagnosis and treatment applications by developing smart optical imaging technology that extends the use of minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment and allows for unobtrusive health monitoring. The project will integrate miniaturized optical components, data processing units and SW applications into smart imaging systems that are less obtrusive, cheaper, more reliable and easier to use than state of the art systems. This results into 6 demonstrators by which the technologies will be validated and which allow for pre-clinical testing in the scope of the project. The overall concept within ASTONISH builds on the development and application of common imaging/sensing technologies. Smart algorithms, multimodal fusion techniques and biomedical signal processing will process the acquired data and advanced user interfaces will simplify the complex clinical tasks. These technology components will be integrated to build application specific solutions for physiological signs monitoring, tumour detection, minimally invasive surgery, brain function monitoring and rehabilitation. The ASTONISH partners cover the full value chain, from semiconductor manufacturing to clinical centres testing the final application. The proposed innovations improve the global competitiveness of the European industry in the healthcare domain.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-IA | Phase: ECSEL-17-2015 | Award Amount: 64.82M | Year: 2016

ENABLE-S3 will pave the way for accelerated application of highly automated and autonomous systems in the mobility domains automotive, aerospace, rail and maritime as well as in the health care domain. Virtual testing, verification and coverage-oriented test selection methods will enable validation with reasonable efforts. The resulting validation framework will ensure Europeans Industry competitiveness in the global race of automated systems with an expected market potential of 60B in 2025. Project results will be used to propose standardized validation procedures for highly automated systems (ACPS). The technical objectives addressed are: 1. Provision of a test and validation framework that proves the functionality, safety and security of ACPS with at least 50% less test effort than required in classical testing. 2. Promotion of a new technique for testing of automated systems with physical sensor signal stimuli generators, which will be demonstrated for at least 3 physical stimuli generators. 3. Raising significantly the level of dependability of automated systems due to provision of a holistic test and validation platform and systematic coverage measures, which will reduce the probability of malfunction behavior of automated systems to 10E-9/h. 4. Provision of a validation environment for rapid re-qualification, which will allow reuse of validation scenarios in at least 3 development stages. 5. Establish open standards to speed up the adoption of the new validation tools and methods for ACPS. 6. Enabling safe, secure and functional ACPS across domains. 7. Creation of an eco-system for the validation and verification of automated systems in the European industry. ENABLE-S3 is strongly industry-driven. Realistic and relevant industrial use-cases from smart mobility and smart health will define the requirements to be addressed and assess the benefits of the technological progress.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ECSEL-RIA | Phase: ECSEL-01-2014 | Award Amount: 52.90M | Year: 2015

The 3Ccar project will provide highly integrated ECS Components for Complexity Control in thereby affordable electrified cars. The new semiconductors for Complexity management (Control, reduction) will offer the next level of energy efficiency in transportation systems. 3Ccars impact is maximizing pragmatic strategy: Use semiconductor technology innovations to manage functionality & complexity increase. This leads also to cheaper, efficient, robust, comfortable, reliable and usable automotive systems. This strengthens Europe as a whole (OEM, Tier1, Semiconductor) generating economic growth and new jobs in Europe. The impact of 3Ccar is driven vertically by innovations and horizontally enabling growth and deployment in the industry based on what we see as European Values. We recognized that European engineers develop for highest efficiency, convergence and manageable complexity. Our society appreciates long life products to avoid waste. 50 partners and 55 Mio budget give the mass for innovative products such as functional integrated powertrains, smart battery cells with unique selling features allowing Europe to advance to global leadership. An important feature of the project has been the recognition and exploitation of synergies with other EV projects, enabling fast innovation cycles between such aligned projects. With 55 Mio budget and 10 b impact the R&D expenditure ratio is 200 which is 10x higher than the semiconductor average and corresponds to very strong innovation potential which will be translated into automotive and semiconductor industry. The technologies developed in 3Ccar will be commercialized all over the world while giving advantages to Europes OEMs willing to manufacture in Europe. 3Ccar will be involved in standardization needed to ensure that large vertical supply chains can be established. The 3Ccar project shows that collaboration between industry, research institutes, governments and customers is pivotal for excellence in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ART-06-2016 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2016

Automated Road Transport (ART) is seen as one of the key technologies and major technological advancements influencing and shaping our future mobility and quality of life. The ART technology encompasses passenger cars, public transport vehicles, and urban and interurban freight transport and also extends to the road, IT and telecommunication infrastructure needed to guarantee safe and efficient operations of the vehicles. In this framework, CARTRE is accelerating development and deployment of automated road transport by increasing market and policy certainties. CARTRE supports the development of clearer and more consistent policies of EU Member States in collaboration with industry players ensuring that ART systems and services are compatible on a EU level and are deployed in a coherent way across Europe. CARTRE includes a joint stakeholders forum in order to coordinate and harmonise ART approaches at European and international level. CARTRE creates a solid knowledge base of all European activities, supports current activities and structures research outcomes by enablers and thematic areas. CARTRE involves more than 60 organisations to consolidate the current industry and policy fragmentation surrounding the development of ART.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.3 | Award Amount: 11.65M | Year: 2011

Safety assurance and certification are amongst the most expensive and time-consuming tasks in the development of safety-critical embedded systems. European innovation and productivity in this market is curtailed by the lack of affordable (re)certification approaches. Major problems arise when evolutions to a system entail reconstruction of the entire body of certification arguments and evidence. Further, market trends strongly suggest that many future embedded systems will be comprised of heterogeneous, dynamic coalitions of systems of systems. As such, they will have to be built and assessed according to numerous standards and regulations. Current certification practices will be prohibitively costly to apply to this kind of embedded systems.\nOPENCOSS will devise a common certification framework that spans different vertical markets for railway, avionics and automotive industries, and establish an open-source safety certification infrastructure. The strategy is to focus on a compositional and evolutionary certification approach with the capability to reuse safety arguments, safety evidence, and contextual information about system components, in a way that makes certification more cost-effective, precise, and scalable. OPENCOSS will define a common certification language by unifying the requirements and terminology of different industries and building a common approach to certification activities. A fully-fledged tool infrastructure will be developed for managing certification information and performing safety assurance activities. The infrastructure will be realised as a tightly integrated solution, supporting interoperability with existing development and assurance tools. Within this infrastructure, systematic and auditable processes will be developed to reduce uncertainty and (re)certification costs. To have long-lasting industrial impact, we will pursue standardisation of the conceptual framework and the open-source tool infrastructure resulting from the project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-ASP3 | Award Amount: 39.61M | Year: 2014

DEWI (dependable embedded wireless infrastructure) envisions to significantly foster Europes leading position in embedded wireless systems and smart (mobile) environments such as vehicles, railway cars, airplanes and buildings. These environments comprise wireless sensor networks and wireless applications for citizens and professional users. Therefore the consortium introduces the concept of a sensor & communication bubble featuring: - locally confined wireless internal and external access - secure and dependable wireless communication and safe operation - fast, easy and stress-free access to smart environments - flexible self-organization, re-configuration, resiliency and adaptability - open solutions and standards for cross-domain reusability and interoperability DEWI identifies and implements an integrated dependable communication architecture using wireless technology capable of replacing the traditional heavy wiring between computers / devices / sensors, and therefore makes possible less expensive and more flexible maintenance and re-configuration. Citizens will gain easier, more comfortable, more transparent and safer access to information provided by the sensor &communication bubble. DEWI will provide a platform and toolset containing methods, algorithms, prototypes, and living labs solutions for cross-domain reusability, scalability and open interface standards, and will contribute to the ARTEMIS repository by connecting to other ASP and AIPP initiatives to ensure long-term sustainability and impact towards society. Key results of DEWI will be demonstrated in exemplary show cases, displaying high relevance to societal issues and cross-domain applicability. Regarding interoperability, DEWI will also contribute to establishing a standard for wireless systems engineering in a certification and security context, which entails conformity to both domain-specific standards and international domain-independent standards. TA approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 17/12/2013 Amendment 1 changes approved by ECSEL-JU on 18/03/2015 Note: SPICER OFF- HIGHWAY appears with short name DANA after its mother company DANA BELBIUM NV in anticipation of a follow-up amendment for UTRO

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2008-3 | Award Amount: 36.29M | Year: 2009

The mission of the SOFIA project is to create a semantic interoperability platform and selected set of vertical applications to form an embedded system based smart environment. We vision smart environment application and services where all the information user wants, needs and should know from local place is easily available. A key factor in these smart environments will be a common, open way of accessing information of devices in any space. Connecting real physical world with information world enriches the user experience. Simple, local mash-up applications based are build on open data and devices. This is an Internet-like revolution in physical space. Main goal of the project is to make \embedded information\ in the physical world available for smart services - connecting physical world with information world. Common targets are to enable and maintains cross-industry interoperability, to foster innovation while maintaining value of existing legacy and to create new user interaction and interface concepts to enable users to benefit from smart environments. In particular, a major target is multi-vendor interoperability platform as platform for new services. The project addresses three application areas which represent different kind of spaces, in terms of scale and potential applications and services. Spanning from very local personal spaces, to smart housing and further to smart city the project captures the specific aspects of smart spaces and combines the requirements for common solutions. The key outcomes of the project relate to user interaction paradigms for interacting in smart environments, the common interpretability solution between many heterogeneous devices and embedded systems, and on the application development schemes that can mobilise new developers for smart environments.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-AIPP5 | Award Amount: 93.92M | Year: 2014

Embedded systems are the key innovation driver to improve almost all mechatronic products with cheaper and even new functionalities. Furthermore, they strongly support todays information society as inter-system communication enabler. Consequently boundaries of application domains are alleviated and ad-hoc connections and interoperability play an increasing role. At the same time, multi-core and many-core computing platforms are becoming available on the market and provide a breakthrough for system (and application) integration. A major industrial challenge arises facing (cost) efficient integration of different applications with different levels of safety and security on a single computing platform in an open context. The objective of the EMC project (Embedded multi-core systems for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments) is to foster these changes through an innovative and sustainable service-oriented architecture approach for mixed criticality applications in dynamic and changeable real-time environments. The EMC2 project focuses on the industrialization of European research outcomes and builds on the results of previous ARTEMIS, European and National projects. It provides the paradigm shift to a new and sustainable system architecture which is suitable to handle open dynamic systems. EMC is part of the European Embedded Systems industry strategy to maintain its leading edge position by providing solutions for: . Dynamic Adaptability in Open Systems . Utilization of expensive system features only as Service-on-Demand in order to reduce the overall system cost. . Handling of mixed criticality applications under real-time conditions . Scalability and utmost flexibility . Full scale deployment and management of integrated tool chains, through the entire lifecycle Approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 12/12/2013 for EoN. Minor mistakes and typos corrected by the Coordinator, finally approved by ARTEMIS-JU on 24/01/2014. Amendment 1 changes approved by ECSEL-JU on 31/03/2015.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-RIA | Phase: FCH-02.2-2014 | Award Amount: 3.40M | Year: 2015

BIONICO will develop, build and demonstrate at a real biogas plant (TRL6) a novel reactor concept integrating H2 production and separation in a single vessel. The hydrogen production capacity will be of 100 kg/day. By using the novel intensified reactor, direct conversion of biogas to pure hydrogen is achieved in a single step, which results in an increase of the overall efficiency and strong decrease of volumes and auxiliary heat management units. The BIONICO process will demonstrate to achieve an overall efficiency up to 72% thanks to the process intensification. In particular, by integrating the separation of hydrogen in situ during the reforming reaction, the methane in the biogas will be converted to hydrogen at a much lower temperature compared with a conventional system, due to the shifting effect on the equilibrium conversion. The fluidization of the catalyst makes also possible to (i) overcome problems with temperature control (formation of hotspots or too low temperature), (ii) to operate with smaller particles while still maintaining very low pressure drops and (iii) to overcome any concentration polarization issue associated with more conventional fixed bed membrane reactors. Dedicated tests with different biogas composition will be carried out to show the flexibility of the process with respect to the feedstock type. Compared with any other membrane reactor project in the past, BIONICO will demonstrate the membrane reactor at a much larger scale, so that more than 100 membranes will be implemented in a single fluidized bed membrane reactor, making BIONICOs In this way a more easy operation can be carried out so that a stable pure hydrogen production can be achieved. BIONICO project is based upon knowledge and experience directly gained in three granted projects: ReforCELL, FERRET and FluidCELL.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP3;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-ASP7 | Award Amount: 8.02M | Year: 2013

Urban systems like traffic, energy, and outdoor lighting are managed by self-contained embedded systems though the managed processes are deeply interconnected. New applications and collective optimization require integration of these systems which represents a truly systems of systems integration problem: these urban systems evolve independently, have their own purpose and internal policies which must not be affected by such integration and have their own management. As a result, the integration has to manage emergent behavior and take non-availability of components as the norm rather than the exception. This is particularly challenging when control loop span across several systems. ACCUS aims at three innovations: 1. Provide an integration and coordination platform for urban systems to build applications across urban systems 2. Provide an adaptive and cooperative control architecture and corresponding algorithms for urban subsystems in order to optimize their combined performance 3. Provide general methodologies and tools for creating real-time collaborative applications for systems of systems ACCUS studies a set of so-called converged scenarios that span across urban systems to investigate requirements and defines a reference architecture for the integration of urban systems, based on semantic descriptions. Simulations with software and systems in the loop will be supported. The entire development and integration will be supported by tools. The ACCUS system and tools will be validated and demonstrated in an extended use case in Poland. The input of ACCUS is the work of several other ARTEMIS projects that focus on the self-contained urban systems themselves. ACCUS goals are ambitious. In order to achieve these goals a well-established and high-quality consortium with a broad scope of complementary disciplines and a long experience in European and National programs is lined up to do the job. Approved by ARTEMIS JU on 13/11/2013. Amendment 1 approved by ECSEL JU on 18/09/2014. Amendment 2 approved by ECSEL JU on 25/09/2015.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: AAT-2007-4.4-01 | Award Amount: 65.12M | Year: 2008

Even though composite materials are more and more used in modern airframes, many significant improvements are still achievable. Firstly, the substitution of the assembly of many small composite parts by a single one-shot large part provides additional weight reduction. Secondly, the final assembly line process must be adapted to composite properties (lack of ductility, stiffness). Thirdly, if the appropriate level of confidence and cycle time was available, Simulation-based design would provide a faster and less expensive path to find the optimal structures than the current development process, which relies on physical tests. Lastly, more conductive composites are necessary to avoid additional weight for system protection. The aim of MAAXIMUS (More Affordable Aircraft structure through eXtended, Integrated, & Mature nUmerical Sizing) is to demonstrate the fast development and right-first-time validation of a highly-optimised composite airframe. The MAAXIMUS objectives related to the highly-optimised composite airframe are: 50% reduction of the assembly time of large composite sections; 10% reduction of manufacturing & assembly recurring costs; 10% reduction of the structural weight. The MAAXIMUS objective related to a faster development is to reduce by 20% the current development timeframe of aircraft structures and by 10% the corresponding cost. The MAAXIMUS objective related to the right-first-time structure is to additionally reduce the airframe development costs by 5% through the delivery of a predictive virtual test capability for large composite structures with a quantified level of confidence, to avoid late and costly changes This will be achieved through coordinated developments on a physical platform, to develop and validate the appropriate composite technologies for low weight aircraft and a virtual structure development platform, to identify faster and validate earlier the best solutions through major improvements in airframe Simulation-base design.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-05-2015 | Award Amount: 5.75M | Year: 2015

The key objective of the MEMERE project is the design, scale-up and validation of a novel membrane reactor for the direct conversion of methane into C2H4 with integrated air separation. The focus of the project will be on the air separation through novel MIEC membranes integrated within a reactor operated at high temperature for OCM allowing integration of different process steps in a single multifunctional unit and achieving much higher yields compared with conventional reactor. To achieve this MEMERE aims at developing novel, cheap yet more resistant oxygen selective membranes (target costs < 5000/m2) for efficient air separation and distributive oxygen feeding to the reactor. The objective is to give a robust proof of concept and validation of the technology (TRL 5) of the new technology by designing, building, operating and validating a prototype module based on the OCM technology that will be integrated in a mini-plant built in containers. MEMERE technology will deliver direct conversion of methane to C2\ with a reduced energy penalty in a much effective way (target C2 yields >30%) as compared to currently available techniques contributing to the implementation of the Roadmap and Implementation Plan for process intensification of the SET-Plan. Additionally, as air integration is integrated in an efficient way in the reactor, the MEMERE technology can be used a small scales to convert methane produced in remote areas where conventional technologies cannot be exploited.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-4-2014 | Award Amount: 28.42M | Year: 2015

The ECOCHAMPS project addresses topic GV-4-2014, Hybrid Light and Heavy Duty Vehicles. The work will, in a single coordinated project, address all aspects of this topic and will be conducted by 26 partners representing the European automotive industry (OEMs (EUCAR), suppliers (CLEPA), ESPs and universities (EARPA)) including members of ERTRAC and EGVIA. The objective is to achieve efficient, compact, low weight, robust and cost effective hybrid powertrains for both passenger cars and commercial vehicles (buses, medium and heavy duty trucks) with increased functionality, improved performance, comfort, safety and emissions below Euro 6 or VI, all proven under real driving conditions. The five demonstrator vehicles, for this purpose developed to TRL 7, that use the hybrid powertrains will among other give a direct cost versus performance comparison at two system voltage levels in the light duty vehicles, and include the modular and standardized framework components in the heavy duty vehicles. Achieving these innovations affordably will strengthen technical leadership in powertrains, enable a leading position in hybrid technology and increases the competitiveness of European OEMs. The vehicles will be ready for market introduction between 2020 and 2022 and (price) competitive to the best in-class (full hybrid) vehicles on the market in 2013. More importantly, the technology devised will impact on the reduction of CO2 emissions and the improvement of air quality. The project proposes to reach a 20% powertrain efficiency improvement and a 20% powertrain weight and volume reduction, with a 10% cost premium on the base model for the demonstrator. To meet air quality targets the project will prove, via independently supervised testing, real driving emissions at least below Euro 6 or VI limits and by simulation show the potential of the passenger car technologies to reach Super Low Emission Vehicle standards.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.3 | Award Amount: 3.20M | Year: 2014

The potential for fuel CHP units in Europe as a large market in the future is in general well recognised. Although the size of this market is large and is undisputed when the cost targets of m-CHP units is reached, it is often overlooked that it is a very segmented market. All micro-CHP units, as new heating appliances, will have to be certified against the Gas Appliance Directive (90/396/CE). The latest legislation in Europe and some specific countries, which is expected will be adopted by other countries will lead to a broader range of natural gas specifications per country with larger differences of natural gas qualities. - And last and most important: the gas quality is allowed to change more rapidly in time. In future, more oxygen will be present in natural gas. Now, in Europe actions are taken (regulatory actions) to allow even more fluctuations of the gas composition in time over a day. This means that not only the fuel processor should be efficient in reforming NG to hydrogen, but should be also very robust and flexible, reducing the possibility of hot spots and low selectivity when the oxygen content increases. Within FERRET, we will design the reactor, balance of plant and revise the controls to allow the sudden change of natural gas specification that can be expected in the field in the coming years. According to the problems mentioned above, FERRET project will: Design a flexible reformer in terms of catalyst, membranes and control for different natural gas compositions. Use hydrogen membranes to separate pure hydrogen and help shifting all the possible H2 production reactions towards the products, thus reducing side reactions. Scale up the new H2 selective membranes and catalysts production Introduce ways to improve the recyclability of the membranes. Integrate the novel reforming in a CHP system Optimize of the BoP for the novel reforming CHP system Simulate and optimize of the reformer integration with the entire system.

Gevaerts V.S.,TU Eindhoven | Furlan A.,TU Eindhoven | Wienk M.M.,TU Eindhoven | Turbiez M.,BASF | Janssen R.A.J.,TU Eindhoven
Advanced Materials | Year: 2012

Solution processed polymer tandem solar cells that combine wide and small bandgap absorber layers reach a power conversion efficiency of 7% in a series configuration. This represents a 20% increase compared to the best single junction cells made with the individual active layers and shows that the tandem configuration reduces transmission and thermalization losses in converting sunlight. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Gonzalez-Rodriguez D.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Schenning A.P.H.J.,TU Eindhoven
Chemistry of Materials | Year: 2011

Recent developments in the area of H-bonded supramolecular assemblies of π-conjugated systems, that is, oligomers and polymers, are described. The state-of-the-art summary of the recent developments in the design of discrete systems and functional materials is presented. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Demerouti E.,University Utrecht | Demerouti E.,TU Eindhoven | Mostert K.,North West University South Africa | Bakker A.B.,Erasmus University Rotterdam
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology | Year: 2010

This study among 528 South African employees working in the construction industry examined the dimensionality of burnout and work engagement, using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. On the basis of the literature, we predicted that cynicism and dedication are opposite ends of one underlying attitude dimension (called " identification" ), and that exhaustion and vigor are opposite ends of one " energy" dimension. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that while the attitude constructs represent opposite ends of one continuum, the energy constructs do not-although they are highly correlated. These findings are also supported by the pattern of relationships between burnout and work engagement on the one hand, and predictors (i.e., work pressure, autonomy) and outcomes (i.e., organizational commitment, mental health) on the other hand. Implications for the measurement and conceptualization of burnout and work engagement are discussed. © 2010 American Psychological Association.

Smeets P.J.M.,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Smeets P.J.M.,TU Eindhoven | Smeets P.J.M.,Pacific Northwest National Laboratory | Cho K.R.,Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Nature Materials | Year: 2015

The characteristic shapes, structures and properties of biominerals arise from their interplay with a macromolecular matrix1,2. The developing mineral interacts with acidic macromolecules, which are either dissolved in the crystallization medium or associated with insoluble matrix polymers3, that affect growth habits and phase selection or completely inhibit precipitation in solution4-6. Yet little is known about the role of matrix-immobilized acidic macromolecules in directing mineralization. Here, by using in situ liquid-phase electron microscopy to visualize the nucleation and growth of CaCO3 in a matrix of polystyrene sulphonate (PSS), we show that the binding of calcium ions to form Ca-PSS globules is a key step in the formation of metastable amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), an important precursor phase in many biomineralization systems7. Our findings demonstrate that ion binding can play a significant role in directing nucleation, independently of any control over the free-energy barrier to nucleation. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Li W.,TU Eindhoven | Roelofs W.S.C.,TU Eindhoven | Turbiez M.,BASF | Wienk M.M.,TU Eindhoven | Janssen R.A.J.,TU Eindhoven
Advanced Materials | Year: 2014

A new class of diketopyrrolopyrrole conjugated acceptor polymer incorporating thiazoles with low-lying energy levels, high electron mobility, and broad absorption to the near infrared region provides a power conversion efficiency of 2.9% in solar cells with a second diketopyrrolopyrrole polymer as the donor. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-4.0-5 | Award Amount: 17.23M | Year: 2009

The objectives of the ProMine IP address the Commissions concerns over the annual 11 billion trade deficit in metal and mineral imports. Europe has to enhance the efficiency of its overall production chain putting higher quality and added value products on the market. ProMine focuses on two parts of this chain, targeting extractive and end-user industries. Upstream, the first ever Pan-EU GIS based mineral resource and advanced modelling system for the extractive industry will be created, showing known and predicted, metallic and non-metallic mineral occurrences across the EU. Detailed 4D computer models will be produced for four metalliferous regions. Upstream work will also include demonstrating the reliability of new (Bio)technologies for an ecoefficient production of strategic metals, driven by the creation of on-site added value and the identification of specific needs of potential end-users. Downstream, a new strategy will be developed for the European extractive industry which looks not only at increasing production but also at delivering high value, tailored nano-products which will form the new raw materials for the manufacturing industry. ProMine research will focus on five nano-products, (Conductive metal (Cu, Ag, Au) fibres, rhenium and rhenium alloy powders, nano-silica, iron oxyhydroxysulphate and new nano-particle based coatings for printing paper), which will have a major impact on the economic viability of the extractive industry. They will be tested at bench scale, and a number selected for development to pilot scale where larger samples can be provided for characterisation and testing by end-user industries. It will include production, testing and evaluation of these materials, with economic evaluation, life cycle cost analysis, and environmental sustainability. ProMine with 26 partners from 11 EU member states, has a strong industrial involvement while knowledge exploitation will transfer ProMine results to the industrial community.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.4-2 | Award Amount: 3.87M | Year: 2008

Hierarchically organised metal organic catalysts shall be developed which can be easily recycled in multi-batch processes or which can be used in continuous processes without loosing the original advantages of the corresponding homogeneous soluble metal organic catalysts - high selectivity, activity and stability. The catalysts will be constructed using components at the nano-scale in a bottom-up approach. Hereby, catalytically active metal complexes will be linked with nanoparticles such as polymeric microgels, hyperbranched polymers or hybrid systems consisting of silsesquioxanes attached to hyperbranched polymers. Further hierarchical organisation of HiCat catalysts will be accomplished by interconnected networks formed from the assemblies of catalytic nanoparticles using end-functional T-responsive polymers that can interact with functionalities on the surface of the nanoparticles as binding agents. Recycling of the catalyst-nanoparticle entities in multi-batch operation will be studied utilizing the change of solubility of the polymer supported catalysts by external stimuli. Based on polymer-nanoparticles linked by T-responsive polymers, new types of films and membranes with graded porosity can be prepared by varying the size of the nanoparticles and the length of T-sensitive polymers. This opens new opportunities for integration of catalytic steps and separation within the hierarchically structured system and, hence for continuous reactor operation. The proposal combines the superiority of homogeneous metal-organic catalysts often possessing nearly 100 % selectivity with the advantage of efficient separation by grabbing a new concept for building up hierarchically organised catalytic systems. Structural principles of tailor-made ligands will be transferred into tailor-made functional surfaces of nanoparticles. For proof of principle of the concept, three types of reactions will be studied: olefin metathesis, CX coupling and enantioselective hydrogenation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.59M | Year: 2013

The production of the next generation of functional soft systems and materials capable of meeting the current and future demands of society in a sustainable manner will require both new technologies and highly trained scientists. Supramolecular chemistry provides a powerful approach to develop new self-assembled materials with emerging properties, such as healability, recyclability and facile processability. The SASSYPOL ITN will train the next generation of European scientists with the skills necessary to overcome such future demands and simultaneously develop new strategies for the preparation of hierarchically self-assembled polymeric soft systems, which greatly impact important fields such as biomedicine, energy, composite materials and sensing. The ITN unites many leading experts in the areas of supramolecular and polymer chemistry with partners from the industrial sector. Expertise of all partners encompasses the general areas of non-covalent chemistry, with individual research competencies focusing on a number of specific themes including liquid crystalline materials, hydrogen-bonded supramolecules, molecular systems based on host-guest interactions, and advanced modeling and characterisation techniques of complex polymeric and self-assembled materials. The complementarity and diversity realised in synthesis, analysis, and applications is crucial for successful research and training in this area. A number of partners from the private sector will extend the fellows training beyond that of traditional academic settings they will have the critical role of bridging fundamental science with application and commercialisation of the results. Indeed, SupraPolix (a SME), one of SASSYPOLs industrial full partners is a perfect example of the commercialisation of cutting-edge science initially developed at an academic laboratory. Our activities will thus possess both breadth and quality that can only be achieved through an interdisciplinary pan-European effort.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2013.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 7.34M | Year: 2014

In situ tissue engineering using a biodegradable synthetic scaffold that recruits endogenous cells from the bloodstream is emerging as a promising technology to create living heart valves inside the human body having the potential to last a life-time: one valve for life. Compared to classical tissue engineered heart valves this new technology demonstrates off-the-shelf availability at substantially reduced cost. The current proposal aims to further develop the synthetic biomaterials needed for the in situ tissue engineering of heart valves, to process these materials into a functional heart valve scaffold, and to perform all the necessary pre-clinical experiments to enable first-in-man clinical application. A novel approach to the biodegradable scaffold will be developed, that combines a relatively slowly degrading (months) elastomeric material with a fast degrading (weeks) bioactive hydrogel material. These materials will be processed into a fibrous heart valve scaffold by means of electrospinning. The elastomeric material ensure long term functionality of the valve while supporting in-vivo mature tissue formation, while the fast eroding hydrogel material controls the early inflammatory response and creates the necessary void space between the elastomeric fibers. A minimally invasive, transapical, implantation technique will be used for the placement of the heart valve scaffold at the aortic position, following our recent results. For this purpose, tailor-made stents will be developed.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.4 | Award Amount: 17.93M | Year: 2008

The TAS3 (Trusted Architecture for Securely Shared Services) proposes an Integrated Project that will develop and implement an architecture with trusted services to manage and process distributed personal information. \nThis architecture will be dependable, robust but at the same time also cost-effective and reliable. The personal information that will be processed and managed can consist of any type of information that is owned by or refers to people. \nThe proposed architecture therefore has to be generic and cross-domain applicable. TAS3 will focus an instantiation of this architecture in the employability and e-health sector allowing users and service providers in these two sectors to manage the lifelong generated personal employability and e-health information of the individuals involved. \nThe personal information includes in this case to the interests, current and previous activities, and future objectives, where the service providers will then be able to use these preferences to propose career paths that are compatible with the workers objectives. This process-view on lifelong employability of people perfectly fits in the decision number 1672/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 2006 establishing a Community Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity \nThe healthcare sector is another context in which the TAS3 architecture can be instantiated. In this case, the patient could be offered advanced services based on the health parameters (weight, body temperature, glucose level for diabetes patients, etc.) that are input by the patient himself. Processing the medical record of a patient is not included in the scope of this project because this would introduce too many privacy and data protection issues that are typical for treating medical and patient information. It is however clear that the TAS3 architecture could also be deployed in the healthcare sector.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-IAPP-2008 | Award Amount: 1.63M | Year: 2009

By the year 2020, mobile and wireless communications will play a central role in all aspects of European citizens lives. As more devices go wireless and human wireless networks proliferate at unprecedented speed more bandwidth and better use of the RF spectrum will be required to avoid future wireless traffic jams. In this context the realisation of cognitive radio (CR) is essential to meet the requirements of future wireless communication infrastructures. Software-defined radio (SDR) should be a step on the path towards CR. Par4CR brings together a consortium of seven major European players to perform a joint research programme and exchange knowledge on technologies crucial for the development of software-defined radio and cognitive radio. Based on the joint research programme the partners will implement an intensive exchange programme. In the context of Par4CR 29 researchers will spend up to 16 months working within a research team of another partner, involving in total 121 person months. Targeted recruitment of six experienced researchers will complement the knowledge available within the consortium, involving 120 person months. Furthermore during Par4CR the consortium will organise 4 two day workshops, actively involving external researchers in the progress of the research programme. By the end of Par4CR an international conference will be organised to actively disseminate lessons learned. The overall goal of the research programme of Par4CR is to develop a new architecture for software-defined radio as a step towards cognitive radio based on wideband operation of transmitter and receiver. It is anticipated the research programme will result in the following main innovations: - cost reduction of SDR to a level below multi-mode multi-band transceivers; - performance increase of SDR to a level comparable to single-mode transceivers; - a clear evolutionary roadmap from SDR to CR.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2011

The FlowAirS proposal is collaborative training research network. It will be focused on the generation, propagation and reduction of sound in flow ducts for transport, buildings and power generation. There is a real need for a European-wide training in this field: the FlowAirS general objective is to train by research a new generation of young researchers with multi-disciplinary skills and able to make research careers more attractive and will enhance their own career opportunities. To achieve this goal, a partnership has been established between seven academic research centres of excellence, five industrial world leaders in their respective sectors, one innovative SME and four private research institutes or consulting engineering company: the collaboration between academia and private sector representatives is a key element of the FlowAirs training research programme. The work programme is divided in 8 Work Packages (WPs). The first 2 WPs deal with sound sources mechanisms. WP3 will be focused on innovative solutions for noise reduction. Three other WPs are concerned by the different numerical procedures and system identifications that are used in flow duct systems. One of the WP deals with the dissemination of the results to European citizens, researchers and industries. The last WP is on management and training. Training activities will be organized along three main axes: 1) training through research; 2)formal training giving all the important skills needed by researchers in the field of sound in flow duct systems and 3)training through practical experience on industrial sites. By participating to FlowAirS young researchers will gain a multi-disciplinary and appropriate background in generation, propagation andreduction of sound in flow ducts. The FlowAirS project will bring to European citizens innovative solutions to reduce the noise pollutionwhich is one of the key solutions for enhancing people quality of life and health in the European Union.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-IAPP-2008 | Award Amount: 811.42K | Year: 2009

Combustion processes are an essential component of energy conversion and their accurate modeling is required if the objectives of reduction of fuel consumption and emissions are to be realized. Meeting these requirements will involve a substantial effort, in particular towards the development and availability of accurate and reliable simulation tools for reactive flows and more experimental data. In the COMBINA project, collaboration between a CFD software developing SME, which is coordinating this project, four major research groups on combustion and an SME specialized in experimental analysis of combustors is established. The research partners are originating from Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany and Turkey. The partners will share and contribute with complementary expertise on the modeling of premixed, partially premixed and spray combustion including RANS and LES modeling and the generation of new experimental results for their validation. An industrial observer group (IOG) of representatives from the gas turbine manufacturing industry will advice the consortium on longer term industrial objectives and provide additional test cases. The current COMBINA project opens new pathways across the different sectors. The coordinating SME-1 is having the most recent numerical combustion models integrated in its software system towards the demands of end users in the manufacturing industry. SME-2 will benefit from intensive exchanges and transfers on experimental and numerical techniques and tools. The university partners will gain access to industrially relevant testcases from SME-2 and the IOG and to an industrial CFD software environment for testing advanced models on real-life applications that so far have only been applied with academic codes on simplified configurations. Actions towards networking and dissemination will involve training activities, as well as two workshops, on combustion modeling and on experimental techniques for combustors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 11.38M | Year: 2012

Healthcare at affordable cost is a major challenge with the aging population and the prevalence of chronic disease, supporting the need for early diagnosis and optimal treatment monitoring already at the level of the General Practitioner. Within this context, research on diagnostic imaging has recently gone hand in hand with the notion that the combination of various modalities is the key step towards improved diagnostic accuracy.Ultrasound (US) is promising for point-of-care imaging because, of its real-time display, high temporal and spatial resolution, low cost and safe of use. However, it falls short in terms of functional imaging. On the other hand optical techniques provide high contrast by the pronounced optical absorption variations in tissue and functional imaging when probing spectral features, but optical scattering limits the resolution of purely optical methods. Photoacoustic imaging (PA) shows optical absorption at ultrasound resolution via thermo-elastically generated ultrasound.The objective of FULLPHASE is the transition of PA imaging from a lab-based technique to a low-cost portable multi wavelength combined PA and US system. In order to reach that goal, the FULLPHASE partners offer specific expertise over complementary backgrounds in diode laser technology, laser beam shaping, ultrasound imaging technology, and system integration. The impact of the FULLPHASE system will be shown in oncology, rheumatology and cardio vascular disease.The ultrasound technology market is currently dominated by few large companies mainly located in the US, Europe and Asia. The FULLPHASE low cost portable PA and US medical system for early disease detection that will be commercialised by ESAOTE Europe will give the involved research institutes and the industrial partners access to new know-how and new markets. It will stimulate the implementation of a new imaging concept that will create a change in health care delivery.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-20-2014 | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2015

The lifetime, reliability, and efficiency of organic light emitting diodes (OLED) are critical factors precluding a number of novel devices from entering the market. Yet, these stability issues of OLEDs are poorly understood due to their notorious complexity, since multiple degradation and failure channels are possible at different length- and timescales. Current experimental and theoretical models of OLED stability are, to a large extent, empirical. They do not include information about the molecular and meso-scales, which prevents their integration into the workflow of the industrial R&D compound design. It is the idea of this project to integrate various levels of theoretical materials characterization into a single software package, to streamline the research workflows in order for the calculations to be truly usable by materials engineers, complementary to experimental measurements. Towards this goal, this project brings together the academic and industrial expertise of the leading experimental and theoretical groups in the field of organic semiconductors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.4.1 | Award Amount: 5.30M | Year: 2008

The GRAPPLE project aims at delivering to learners a technology-enhanced learning (TEL) environment that guides them through a life-long learning experience, automatically adapting to personal preferences, prior knowledge, skills and competences, learning goals and the personal or social context in which the learning takes place. The same TEL environment can be used/accessed at home, school, work or on the move (using mobile/handheld devices). GRAPPLE will include authoring tools that enable educators to provide adaptive learning material to the learners, including adaptive interactive components (visualizations, simulations, virtual reality). Authoring includes creating or importing content, assigning or extracting meaning from that content, designing learning activities and defining pedagogical properties of and adaptation strategies for the content and activities. To ensure the wide adoption of adaptation in TEL GRAPPLE will work with Open Source and commercial learning management system (LMS) developers to incorporate the generic GRAPPLE functionality in LMSs. Evaluation experiments in higher education and in industry will be performed to verify the usability of the GRAPPLE environment (for authoring and delivery) and to verify the benefits of using adaptive TEL for the learning outcome. Apart from stimulating the use of adaptive TEL by making it available to every organization using a (popular) LMS the GRAPPLE consortium will also organize training/evaluation events to help higher education institutes and companies with the adaptive learning design needed to create adaptive learning material, and to receive usability feedback which the project will use to improve the user interfaces. A distributed user modeling service architecture will help end-users to stay in control of their user profile while at the same time allowing them to use the profile to get personalized access to learning applications offered through different LMSs by different organizations.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2013.1.4-2 | Award Amount: 11.56M | Year: 2013

The NanoMag project is to improve and redefine existing analyzing methods and in some cases, to develop new analyzing methods for magnetic nanostructures. Using improved manufacturing technologies we will synthesize magnetic nanoparticles with specific properties that will be analyzed with a multitude of characterization techniques (focusing on both structural as well as magnetic properties) and bring the experimental results together to obtain a self-consistent picture which describes how structural and magnetic properties are interrelated. This extensive survey will be used to define standard measurements and techniques which are necessary for defining a magnetic nanostructure and quality control. NanoMag brings together Europes and internationally leading experts in; manufacturing of magnetic single-core nanoparticles and magnetic multi-core particles, analyzing and characterization of magnetic nanostructures and national metrology institutes. In the consortium we have gathered partners within research institutes, universities and metrology institutes, all carrying out front end research and developing applications in the field of magnetic nanoparticles.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 1.87M | Year: 2012

In D-Sens project (Depth Sensing Systems for People Safety) we will create technologies and applications to increase people safety. We will accomplish this by developing more accurate and robust computer vision (CV) systems, by utilising depth sensor in addition to regular camera. The project will develop novel algorithms for analysing depth sensor information and they will be integrated to a common technology framework. We will validate the framework by developing and piloting applications in domains for smart building, assisted living and security. This way we can exploit the synergies in different domains in the development of the framework. The project results will be a basis for a long term co-operation for the SMEs and the project results will be exploitable globally. SMEs will receive competitive advantage on computer vision technology and application markets as they acquire the knowledge and technology of the new depth sensing deployment in computer vision systems. The main innovations of the project are: -Novel monitoring applications to increase people safety. -Methods for using depth sensing technology in CV mass applications -Common rapid application development framework. -Algorithms for object and human detection, tracking, classification and behaviour analysis. -The SMEs will acquire knowledge on depth sensor technology. -Optimized algorithms for increased system scalability and energy efficiency. -Piloting the developed solutions in real use cases. -The project results will be marketed via a co-operation network. The results of the project can be put into a production in SMEs while the project is still going on. The direct impact to the participating SME is estimated to increase their turnover, revenue, market share and employees. The estimates vary from 25% growth of business up to 300% increase in turnover. The common framework and marketing co-operation network will increase technical and marketing co-operation between the SME participants.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SME-2013-3 | Award Amount: 1.10M | Year: 2013

The DISCOVER-IT objective is to support SMEs innovation processes through an advanced information system based on semantic technologies. The project starts from the results reached in the European project INSEARCH, consisting in a prototype information system able to support SMEs in the search and extraction of knowledge related to innovation process present in structured and unstructured information sources within enterprises and on the Web. The final objective of DISCOVER IT, reached through technical improvements of the INSEARCH results and demonstration in real use cases, will consist of: - an advanced information system based on semantic spaces for lexical semantic information in Information Retrieval, able to search and retrieve relevant knowledge for innovation processes such as patents, scientific papers and documents; it is also able to monitor sets of URLs of interest for the users, and to crawl and recommend web sites providing contents relevant to the innovation processes of SMEs; - a complex form of search and exploration across innovation-related data through semantic models for exploratory search; - the application of state-of-the-art methods of correlations among textual properties of documents to discover novel concepts in data streams.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.66M | Year: 2014

The scientific objective of the project is to develop new and highly sophisticated instruments of metric analysis with applications to the large spectrum of emergent technological fields from human to computer vision, to traffic dynamics. New European Doctoral Programme will be devoted to the training of young researchers on this new frontier of mathematics and its applications. Metric analysis, allows to reconsider differential problems, in rich geometrical setting, non isotropic or non regular. Totally non isotropic geometrical settings, arise while describing the motion of a system in which some directions are not allowed by a constraint, as models of the visual cortex, robotics, and will be studied with instruments of differential subriemannian analysis. They non regular counter part, as rectifiable objects can be studied with instruments of metric measure, mass transportation, and singular integrals. Long standing open problems in mathematics, which cannot be solved a single instrument of differential, metric or of measure theory, will be afforded with this unitary theory. At the same time these results will open the possibility of affording challenging technological problems. Geometric analysis in Lie groups provides an elegant tool for modelling the modular structure of the visual cortex. New Brain-inspired models of computer vision allow to efficiently handle medical images and MRI data. A mathematical theory can model with the same instruments transport of the visual signal and in a road net. Hence we propose a new training through research programme within a consrtium of 9 Academic partners and 3 private. The aspects of the program are Individual Research program with structured courses Network-wide multidisciplinary training events with private sector participation, Secondments through other research centres or private companies, The training program can open a large spectrum of opportunities of career development, in academic and private world

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.10.2.1 | Award Amount: 3.55M | Year: 2013

Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) is the leading technology of third-generation solution-processed solar cells with reported efficiencies in excess of 10%. However despite the huge efforts in the last two decades saturation effects are observed in their performance. Efforts so far have been concentrated towards engineering and fine-tuning of the dyes, the electrolytes and the interface of the dye to the electron acceptor, employing titania as the electron acceptor. DSSCs rely, then, on dyes for efficient light harvesting which in turn entails high fabrication costs associated to the Ru-based dyes as well as the use of 10 um thick devices. In addition, optimized titania requires high-temperature processing raising concerns for its potential for low-cost, flexible-platform fabrication. In this project we propose a disruptive approach; to replace titania with a novel electron accepting nanoporous semiconductor with a bandgap suitable for optimized solar harnessing and a very high absorption coefficient to allow total light absorption within 2 um across its absorption spectrum. In addition the deposition of the nanostructured platform will employ processing below 200oC, compatible with plastic, flexible substrates and cost-effective roll-to-roll manufacturing. We will focus on non-toxic high-abundance nanomaterials in order to enable successful deployment of DSSCs with targeted efficiencies in excess of 15% and 10% for SS-DSSCs, thanks to efficient solar harnessing offered by the novel nanocrystal electron acceptor. To tackle this multidisciplinary challenge we have assembled a group of experts in the respective fields: development of nanocrystal solar cells, DSSC technology and physics, atomic layer and surface characterisation and a technology leader (industrial partner) in the manufacturing and development of third generation, thin film, photovoltaic cells and modules (DSSCs).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: BBI-RIA | Phase: BBI.VC2.R2 | Award Amount: 2.41M | Year: 2015

The main objective of the PROVIDES project is to develop a radically new, sustainable and techno-economically feasible pulping technology for wood and agro-based lignocellulose raw materials based on deep eutectic solvents (DES), a new class of natural solvents which have the unique ability to dissolve and thus mildly fractionate lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose at low temperature and atmospheric pressure for further processing into high added value materials and chemicals. The aim is to transfer recent scientific findings in novel lignin dissolving DES to process concept level that can be evaluated against current pulping processes. The technological breakthrough expected through the development of such new DES pulping technology could reduce process energy intensity by at least 40% and investment costs by 50% compared to traditional chemical pulping technology. In parallel, the development of efficient novel cellulose-dissolving DES and other DESs to process lignocellulose materials, starting with paper for recycling, is aimed at with focus on sustainability in selecting DES chemical components and technical and economic applicability of the solvent system. PROVIDES will create both fundamental and industry driven technological knowledge based on lab to bench/pilot scale experimentation, through: mapping and selection of most effective DES families; investigating processes and process technology options, including DES regeneration and recycling, in order to define full industrial processes that would isolate high quality cellulose/fibres, lignin and hemicelluloses; providing products for industrial evaluation; establishing technical data to evaluate industrial feasibility and integration; performing life-cycle oriented assessment of environmental and socio-economic performance; assessing impacts in terms of energy and cost reductions as well as new high added value applications PROVIDES could provide to the pulp and paper industry sector.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-20-2014 | Award Amount: 4.30M | Year: 2015

Following the EC SET-Plan Education and Training Roadmap, the concept of this proposal is to develop a joint PhD programme between universities and research centres, on the topic of Thermal Energy Storage (TES). The goal of INPATH-TES is to create a network of universities and research institutes to implement a joint PhD programme on TES technologies. The final result of such a network is to educate professionals on these technologies for the European research and industry institutions. The consortium includes 14 universities that will implement the joint PhD programme, two research institutions (AIT and PROMES-CNRS), three companies and two SME (Arcelik, Abengoa Solar NT, KIC InnoEnergy, UFP and LAIF), that will cooperate in defining the programme and in its implementation and deployment. The specific objectives of the project will lead to the qualification of professionals for the European research and industry institutions, bringing Europe to continue being leaders in these technologies. The partners in the proposal will be the core of a future larger network of excellent R&D institutions, and industries for co-funding and industrial placement, sharing infrastructure capacities, and enhancing mobility of students. The overall approach of the project involves a work plan divided in six work packages, being either coordination or support activities. Coordination activities: WP1 Management and coordination; WP3 Developing, maintaining and updating a PhD programme in TES; and WP4 Implementation of the PhD programme in TES. Support activities: WP2 External communication and dissemination; WP5 Stakeholder involvement and extension of partnerships; and WP6 Framework for monitoring and evaluation of INPATH-TES as well as IPR and regulatory issues.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.8.1 | Award Amount: 4.58M | Year: 2013

Product design and development is performed through a range of processes such as engineering design, analysis, process planning, assembly planning, manufacturing, inspection, etc. Professional designers utilize the Internet and Web technologies to collaborate and improve the new product time-to-market, supply chain management, and to reduce development life-cycle cost, in order to stay competitive.\nThe technology developed to support professional designers focuses mainly on the modelling stages of the design process while the early conceptual stages remain unexplored. The conceptual stage of the design process is mainly focused on ideas generation, which are evaluated against general requirements. Distributed collaborative design is a complex process, and the lack of computer support tools in the field makes it difficult for Small to Medium Enterprise (SMEs) businesses, to bring new products to market, on time and survive market competition. There is a great need for seamlessly integrating product development processes, into a comprehensive collaborative design environment, that could assist professional product designers when distributed during the early stages of the design process, to innovate, and shorten product development life-cycle.\nThe scope of this proposal is the implementation of a semantically driven collaboration framework to be integrated into future synchronous/asynchronous collaborative design environments, dedicated to assist professional product designers when distributed during the early stages of the design process. A number of research and technological challenges will be addressed, including the semantic integration of collaborative tools and data, effective methods for communication and interaction among distributed teams, group awareness and the use of metaphors for conceptual design; which have unique considerations and applications during early-stage product design.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2009-1.2-1 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2010

To continue the path of cost reduction in photovoltaics the efficiency of silicon solar cells must be increased. With higher efficiencies more kWh can be produced from the same amount of silicon, which is the dominating cost factor at present. Fundamental loss mechanisms limit the maximum achievable efficiency: around 20% of the incident power is lost, because photons with energies below the band-gap are transmitted. Upconversion of two low energy photons into one usable photon reduces these losses. In this project we will realize upconversion with the help of nanostructures and nanotechnoloy-based materials and show a significant improvement in solar cell efficiency. The combination of upconverting Er-based phosphors with PbSe/PbS core shell quantum dots increases the spectral range of light that is upconverted. The quantum dots will be incorporated into a fluorescent concentrator to achieve concentration within the upconverting device. Both the increased photon flux due to a wider spectral collection and the additional geometric concentration will increase upconversion efficiency because of its nonlinear characteristic. Optical nanostructures shall serve as selectively reflective structures that avoid unwanted parasitic absorption. The development of very efficient quantum dots and suitable host materials, the optimization of the upconverter and the fabrication of photonic structures are main objectives. Additionally, solar cells and system designs will be optimized, to make the best use of upconverted photons. A thorough understanding of the underlying principles is critical for the success, so gaining knowledge about nanostructures and materials is a major goal. The big advantage of this concept is that the solar cells remain fairly unchanged. The proposed concept opens a technology path for an evolutionary development of silicon solar cell technology to efficiencies towards 30%, starting from the solid base of todays established silicon technology.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2010

Space-time phenomena giving rise to fronts and interfaces are central issues in many contexts of Science and Technology. A selection of some of the most challenging ones, most often of multi-disciplinary character, will be pursued by a team of 10 Full Partner Members (8 universities of different countries and two industries, Guigues Environnement (France) and Siemens (Germany)) with the help of 4 Associate Partners. The project is divided into three general Work Packages A: Image Processing, B: Patterns in Complex Reaction-Diffusion Systems and C: Interfaces, Control and Inverse Methods in Technology Problems. The training of 42 ESR is proposed with a interdisciplinar orientation: besides the presence of the two mentioned industries with special interest in work packages B and C, respectively, most of the mathematicians implied in this ITN in the field of image processing are collaborating with researchers from other fields as in the case of the Technion Computer Sciences and Electrical Engineering departments. The presence of two industrial partners will also broaden the range of applications of the training techniques used in the FIRST. The Guigues and Simens partners, are in the supervisory board of the ITN, and are involved in the training programme through complementary skills seminars. Most of the ESRs will be trained in at least two different universities. The list of structured training courses refers not only to a set of postgraduate courses available in the PhD programmes but to some specialized courses which will be organized for the FIRST ITN. The benefit to the European scientific community will be significant: the training will not only produce researchers with broad backgrounds qualified for academic careers. It will also produce individuals with an understanding of science and with an excellent perspective for a career outside academia.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2011

Context awareness has the potential to revolutionise the way people interact with information technology. Whereas conventional computers merely interpret explicit user input, context-aware systems analyse and automatically respond upon users behaviour and situation he/she is in. This enables electronic systems to assist users in situations in which the use of conventional computers and mobile devices is out of question. A particularly relevant field are healthcare, wellness, and assisted living (HWA) applications, which is at the focus of the proposed network. Research on context awareness has continued to intensify in the last decade due to the availability of cheap sensing technologies and mobile systems. Still, building reliable context-aware systems that can deal with complex real-life situations and environments remains an open research challenge and requires a multi-disciplinary effort. iCareNet will make a decisive contribution towards solutions, leveraged through an interdisciplinary perspective ranging from sensing and sensor integration, to human-computer interaction and social factors involved in the deployment of context-aware applications. Robust and scalable system architectures and design methodologies are the principal objective of all iCareNet efforts. iCareNet unites efforts of an interdisciplinary network of leading European research groups and a strong industrial participation. Researchers will receive comprehensive inter-domain training through a series of network-wide training events on topics including signal processing, behaviour inference techniques, privacy and security, and social aspects. A number of measures including the establishment ERASUMS partnerships, formal recognition of lectures, and the design of long-term joint Ph.D. programs will ensure that the network leads to long-lasting collaborations and benefits for the involved institutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 3.05M | Year: 2013

The project UPSIDE aims at delivering economic and societal benefits by fostering the emergence and development of User-driven Participatory Solutions for Innovation in Digitally-centered Ecosystems. The project aims at promoting the development of cooperation frameworks and synergy linkages between research, innovation activities within the companies, urban development policies and open user-driven innovation ecosystems which are close to the interests and needs of cities and their stakeholders, including citizens and businesses, and which may bridge the gap between short-term city development priorities and longer term technological research and experimentation. Building on the priorities of the cities involved in the project and the market potential, the UPSIDE partners will focus on the following areas: health, including ambient assisted living, intelligent transport systems / mobility public services (e- and m-Government), energy, with a common viewpoint of developing user-driven participatory solutions that use the ICT specializations within each of the partner regions. The cities shall contribute to the faster development of technologies and markets not only through policy support but also by providing the right scale for test beds, which are needed in order to optimize different applications and scale up pilot projects to ensure real-life deployment. The test beds in each partner region shall contribute to the emergence of shared innovation platforms and a faster development of single European markets for innovative digital services. The mid to long-term objective is to ensure global market leadership for the UPSIDE clusters. Societal benefits will be generated by fostering the uptake of ICT-based technologies but also by implementing in the partner regions platforms for the development of user-driven participatory solutions that take into account the multiple stakeholder perspective within the framework of larger regional digital agendas.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-7.2-01 | Award Amount: 13.59M | Year: 2008

PEGASE is a four year project dealing with the High and Extra High Voltage transmission and sub-transmission networks in Europe (designated as ETN) and implemented by a Consortium composed of 20 Partners including TSOs, expert companies and leading research centres in power system analysis and applied mathematics. Its overall objectives are to define the most appropriate state estimation, optimization and simulation frameworks, their performance and dataflow requirements to achieve an integrated security analysis and control of the ETN. The heart of the PEGASE project will involve advanced algorithmic, build prototypes of software and demonstrate the feasibility of real-time state estimation (SE), multi purpose constrained optimization (OPF) and time domain simulation of very large model representative of the ETN, taking into account its operation by multiple TSOs. Project R&D ambitions: The first ambition is to relieve all knowledge barriers to provide all TSOs with a synchronous display of the state of the ETN, very close to real time (typically each 5-10 seconds). The second ambition is to develop OPF programs determining realistic system operating points that include TSO operating rules but also optimal preventive or corrective actions, typically for real-time congestion management. The third ambition is to improve the existing state of the art technology in time simulation of very large system to permit: i/ off-line studies of the ETN including possibly interconnections with neighboring systems (i.e. Russia), ii/ dispatcher training simulation iii/ preventive security assessment and in on-line emergency conditions, faster than real-time simulation opening new perspectives for an anticipative control of the system. Project expected impacts: The availability of duly tested prototypes will allow for a quick implementation of the developed tools in a central facility and in existing computing environments. A better management of crisis will allow decreasing conservative security margins and improving the identification of real risks. Operating with higher power flows and closer to real available transfer capacities determined more transparently from the shared real-time model will enhance the cross-border electricity market. Eventually, the first European dispatcher training simulator will be at arm length for use in a European training center allowing the simultaneous training of dispatchers from several countries that is the cornerstone of the integrated operation of the ETN.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 466.20K | Year: 2013

BETRAPOCYS is a knowledge transfer project aimed at conducting research and exchanging know-how on a new generation of bimodal polyethylene reactor blends with strongly enhanced processing characteristics and properties. The transfer of experience and skills will be secured through the exchange of researchers between Brazil and Europe, and a detailed program of courses, events and coaching. BETRAPOCYS will be carried out by three Brazilian and five European research organisations. The successful development of novel, improved polymeric materials and products from academic research to industrial practice requires an integrated Chain-of-Knowledge approach. This chain is now partly broken due to different industrial and academic foci. BETRAPOCYS aims to bridge this gap by exploiting the ultimate properties of the macromolecular knowledge chain in new sophisticated applications. The knowledge transfer programme in support of this goal consists of dedicated training courses aligned with the WPs, and common knowledge-transfer events to facilitate knowledge exchange between researchers within and outside the consortium. Bulk polyolefins are now produced using gas- and slurry phase processes with heterogeneous multi-site catalysts, allowing for good polymer particle morphology control and high bulk density without reactor fouling. However, it is more difficult to fine-tune the properties than with homogeneous single-site catalysts. The latter require immobilization to reach/exceed the same performance level; a serious challenge to be faced. BETRAPOCYS aims to study the supportation of multiple single-site catalysts onto silicate-type nano-fillers, graphene and carbon nanotubes, to produce well-processible reactor blends of tailor-made composition. The consortium will study catalyst systems, the preparation and characterisation of the bimodal blends, and the resultant properties of the systems.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.81M | Year: 2013

The BATWOMAN ITN aims at structuring research training in basic and advanced acoustics and setting up a work program on methodologies for acoustics for skills development in a highly diverse research field offering multiple career options. The consortium consists of renowned public and private partners from musical acoustics, room acoustics and automotive acoustics who will merge their existing knowledge, extend it jointly and complement it with insights of recent sound perception research. This will exploit existing synergies and overcome obvious fragmentation in research, methodology and basic as well as advanced acoustics training. Providing interdisciplinary training and joining or exchanging methodology in research, is expected to have a strong impact on the skills of trained researchers as far as sound design capabilities, modelling accuracy, efficiency and applicable frequency range is concerned. Adding the understanding of human auditory perception will help to tackle the hard problem of sound quality parameters and to better understand stimulating effects on well-being and cognition of people exposed to sound, but also harmful effects, like annoyance or even deteriorating cognitive performance. The ITN will provide interdisciplinary and intersectoral research training for excellence. It will structure existing PhD-level training in acoustics setting up European curricula with compatible and recognised courses offered by Universities and private enterprises. Simultaneously it will push the state of the art in vibro-acoustic modelling and in interdisciplinary design optimisation by initiating a joint research effort increasing critical mass. The complementary structure of the network will make it not to break apart after the ITN project period. It is rather expected that the methodologies used to analyse, design and optimise transport vehicles, rooms and musical instruments will grow together and will be further developed in an interdisciplinary joint effort.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 1.93M | Year: 2017

This research brings together the complementary expertise of our consortium members to gain a better understanding of the physics in hydraulic fracturing (HF) with the final goal to optimize HF practices and to assess the environmental risks related to HF. This requires the development and implementation of reliable models for HF, scaled laboratory tests and available on-site data to validate these models. The key expertise in our consortium is on modelling and simulation of HF and all partners involved pursue different computational approaches. However, we have also some partners in our consortium which focus on scaled laboratory tests and one company which can provide on-site data. The choice of the best model for HF still remains an open question and this research promises to quantify uncertainties in each model and finally provide a guideline how to choose the best model with respect to a specific output parameter. The final objective is to employ these models in order to answer some pressing questions related to environmental risks of HF practices, including 1. How does HF interact with the natural fractures that intersect the shale seam? 2. How does the fracture network from a previous stage of HF treatment affect the fracture network evolution in succeeding, adjacent stages? 3. What are the requirements to constrain fractures from propagating to the adjacent layers of confining rock? The exchange and training objectives are to: 4. Enhance the intersectoral and interdisciplinary training of ERs and ESRs in Computational Science, Mining Geotechnics, Geomechanics, Modeling and Simulation 5. Strengthen, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe 6. Advance the scientific contribution of women researchers in this area dominated by male 7. Create synergies with other EU projects 8. Enable and support all ESRs/ERs to keep contact with international community in the sense of training and transfer of knowledge

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-3.2-1 | Award Amount: 29.36M | Year: 2009

The F3 consortiums vision is that the EUs chemical industrys competitive position would be strongly enhanced if it could operate modular continuous plant (F3 plant) which combines world scale continuous plant efficiency, consistency and scalability with the versatility of batch operation. Our project will deliver such a radically new production mode based on: a) Plugandplay modular chemical production technology, capable of widespread implementation throughout the chemical industry. This technology uses generic backbone facilities designed for rapid interfacing with standardized process equipment containers (PEC). The PEC house process equipment assemblies (PEA) composed of intensified process equipment for fast, flexible future chemical production b) Holistic process design methodology applying process intensification concepts and innovative decision tools. This will accelerate process development and provides a substantial reduction in energy consumption, raw material usage and plant volumes. Our consortium of leading academic & research institutions and 7 major synthetic chemical producing industrial companies has 3 main goals: 1. To prove the technical feasibility of the F3 mode of manufacturing by building and operating a 0.1 to 30 kg/hr demonstration facility, 2. To demonstrate that operation of F3 plant will be more economical, ecoefficient and more sustainable than conventional production modes like large scale continuous or small to medium scale batch processing. 3. To drive a step change in the technology available to EU chemical production and engineering companies by designing intensified equipment for reaction and down stream processing, dissemination of standards for plug and play modular plant and providing open access to the backbone facility Our estimates indicate that the F3 concept will generate additional new business and will save 3.75 billion euro when existing products change to the F3 mode of manufacture.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-ITN | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2012

Traffic noise pollution in urban areas is a major environmental problem within the European Union. Creating an acceptable acoustic outdoor environment is a big challenge of high need. Creating as well as preserving environments, which are supportive for health and well-being in a sustainable manner is an even bigger but unavoidable task. In order to succeed, specialists are required with a broad research competence covering areas such as acoustic prediction methods, noise control and soundscaping, but also aspects of city and traffic planning. However, specialists equipped with such a competence spectrum are hardly found. Therefore, the goal of SONORUS is to close this gap and bring together universities, enterprises and public organizations that aim to offer training to ESRs in an arena of trans-disciplinary research. The training is designed around real-life urban test sites that are characterized by a poor acoustic environment due to noise from road, rail or air traffic. These test sites are provided by three major European cities (Berlin, Rome and Antwerp). To these test sites, the ESRs will apply their knowledge and skills gained from individual acoustics related research projects, in-depth courses on acoustics as well as on different aspects of spatial planning. The ESRs will, in teams, design a long-term plan for the development of the acoustic environment on the test sites. This activity will also give the opportunity to train complementary skills such as communication and outreach skills. From SONORUS a new generation of researchers will emerge with the profile adapted to the supra-disciplinary approach needed to reverse the negative trend of a deteriorating acoustic outdoor environment in urban areas. SONORUS has been designed with the intension that these researchers will be best prepared to further develop and above all to apply the new integrated concepts into practical urban planning processes and their effective coordination.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-29-2016 | Award Amount: 4.70M | Year: 2016

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), more specifically, vulnerable plaque rupture, remains the major cause of death for people at middle age. The CVENT consortium will revolutionize screening, diagnosis and monitoring of CVD by means of a compact photoacoustic imaging (PAI) system for vulnerable plaque imaging. In the carotid arteries feeding the brain, vulnerable plaque rupture initiates cerebrovascular ischemic attacks. The state-of-the-art decision-making approach for a high-risk surgical intervention to avoid plaque rupture is based on stenosis severity alone, measured with ultrasound (US) imaging. However, this does not distinguish between vulnerable (rupture-prone) and stable (harmless) plaques, leading to severe overtreatment. Consequently, there is a worldwide unmet and urgent clinical need for functional information to enable in-depth diagnosis of carotid plaque vulnerability, avoiding cardiovascular events (CVENT) and reducing overtreatment risk. The objective of the CVENT consortium is the development of a portable multimodal and multiwavelength PAI system with a 3 cm imaging depth, for diagnosis and monitoring of carotid plaque vulnerability. The combination of high optical contrast of PAI and the high resolution of US will be used to identify plaque vulnerability markers, typically lipid pools and intra-plaque haemorrhage. Improved diagnosis of carotid plaque vulnerability will lead to a significant reduction in CVD-related disability and mortality. Simultaneously, by stratifying patients into high and low risk groups, overtreatment is reduced, leading to better allocation of healthcare funds. The CVENT consortium unites leading research groups, clinicians, industrial partners, and their expertise on R&D and a focus on exploitation, creating a breakthrough in carotid plaque vulnerability diagnosis. CVENT will bring together leading experts in the field of CVD, functional US imaging and PAI, introducing clinically applied PAI into the vascular medical arena.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: SiS-2009- | Award Amount: 1.41M | Year: 2010

Young people in Europe are not acquiring the scientific literacy they need to participate as citizens in democratic decision making about issues that involve science. In addition recruitment to careers in science is falling in Europe which is a challenge to Europes future in the knowledge economy We propose to learn how to respond to this situation in collaboration with international partners in countries where engagement with science education remains high. Understanding the dynamics of the relationships between culture, gender and science education in the diverse contexts offered by the countries brought together by this bid, the UK, the Netherlands, Turkey, Lebanon, India and Malaysia, will give us a good basis for designing new approaches to science education that will appeal to all students. We will develop a theoretical understanding of the relationship between cultural diversity, gender and science education and also provide guidelines for effective intervention to improve engagement with science education. One focus will be the impact of Islamic culture and religious belief in a range of contexts. We will use case study and design study approaches to understand the process whereby attitudes towards science are formed between the ages of 10 and 14. The evidence suggests that social networking technologies have contributed to creating a multiplicity of identities amongst young people in a way that can make the apparent unity and authority presented by school science appear irrelevant. In response we will explore using the same technology to engage young people in the real enterprise of science as shared enquiry across boundaries in a spirit of risk and dialogue where issues that matter to the future of the planet are at stake. The outcomes will be literature reviews, insights into how attitudes to science are formed, guidelines for curriculum and pedagogical development to encourage more people to engage with science education and examples of good practice.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.2 | Award Amount: 5.38M | Year: 2012

A spearhead function that lies within the promise of MNBS technologies is the rapid and sensitive detection of biomarker molecules in raw biological samples. However, it has been very difficult to realize the promise due to two key challenges:the signal-over-background challenge, i.e. many biomarkers have very low concentrations and real-life biological samples generate very high background signals, andthe integration challenge, i.e. it is very difficult to conceive a system that has a very high performance and is still fully integrated, miniaturized, and cost-effective.NextDx will address these challenges by investigating an integrated system for protein biomarker detection with single molecule resolution. The system is based on magnetic nanoparticles that are controlled by electromagnetic fields and detected with nanometer precision in an integrated optical chip with bio-engineered surface. The system will allow a sharp biophysical discrimination between biomarker-induced and non-biomarker-induced nanoparticle binding signals, so as to approach the fundamental limit of counting statistics in real biological samples. This is a unique, novel, and timely approach.At the end of NextDx, we will demonstrate an integrated MNBS platform technology for extremely sensitive protein detection, within a few minutes, directly in blood plasma. The technology will be suitable for multiple biomarker testing outside the hospital, to improve for example the lives of chronically ill patients.NextDx is a unique international consortium with best-in-class partners contributing complementary physical and biomolecular engineering expertise, supported by an advisory board with all relevant stakeholders (clinicians, patient organisation, insurance company, regulatory agency). Together, all are focused on generating new insights in MNBS integration and on effective industrial-academic collaboration on the European scale towards next-generation integrated diagnostics.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-4.0-2 | Award Amount: 12.21M | Year: 2009

The project addresses from one site the most critical and costly step to produce liquid fuel from natural gas using conventional routes, e.g. the stage of syngas production, and from the other side explores alternative routes to convert natural gas to liquid transportable products. The general objective is to explore novel and innovative (precompetitive) routes for transformation of natural gas to liquid products, particularly suited for remote areas to facilitate the transport. The aim is an integrated multi-disciplinary approach to develop in a long term vision the next-stage catalysts and related precompetitive technologies for gas to liquid conversion, in fully consistence with the indications of the call. For this reason, we have excluded to consider as part of the project catalytic technologies, such as FT synthesis and hydrocracking. In addition, we have excluded to investigate coal to liquid, both due to environmental impact of the use of coal, and to focus R&D. We have thus focused the project on three cluster lines: 1. new, not conventional routes for catalytic syngas formation from natural gas which include steps of separation by membrane and eventual reuse of byproducts; 2. direct catalytic conversion of methane to methanol/DME; 3. direct catalytic conversion of methane to aromatics under non-oxidative conditions followed by upgrading of the products by alkylation with ethane/propane.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-03 | Award Amount: 7.00M | Year: 2013

Policy makers are increasingly relying on Earth Observation (EO) data to make decisions on mitigating and adapting to climate change. These decisions need to be evidence-based and this requires complete confidence in EO-derived products. Although EO data is plentiful, it is rare to have reliable, traceable and understandable quality information. The situation is often further confused because various versions of the same product exist from data providers using different retrieval algorithms. Users need an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that establishes, and provides understandable traceable quality information for the data products used in Climate Services. This will ensure that long-term data sets are historically linked and, in the future, automatically harmonised in an efficient and interoperable manner. The Quality Assurance for ECVs (QA4ECV) project will address these issues by developing a robust generic system for the QA of satellite and in-situ algorithms and data records that can be applied to all ECVs in a prototype for future sustainable services in the frame of the GMES/Copernicus Climate Change Service. Multi-use tools and SI/community reference standards will be developed. The QA4ECV project will generate quality-assured multi-decadal Climate Data Records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (NO2, HCHO, and CO) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, LAI, and FAPAR), with full uncertainty metrics for every pixel ready for model ingestion. The generic QA framework will be applied to these ECVs. QA4ECV will engage with all stakeholders, including other ECV projects, governance bodies and end-users, developers of Climate Services and relevant projects. The QA4ECV project will show how trustable assessments of satellite data quality and reliable means of interoperability can facilitate users in judging the fitness-for-purpose of the ECV Climate Data Record. QA4ECV will be a major step forward in providing quality assured long-term Climate Data Records that are relevant for policy and climate change assessments.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2014

PHASTFLEX proposes the development of a fully automated, high precision, cost-effective assembly technology for next generation hybrid photonic packages. In hybrid packages, multiple Photonic ICs (PICs) are assembled, combining the best of different material platforms for a wide range of applications and performance. In PHASTFlex, InP PICs with active functions are combined with passive TriPleX PICs.PIC fabrication can now be done in a generic foundry-based process, bringing PIC cost within the scope of many applications (~10-100). However, current assembly and packaging technology leads to custom-engineered solutions; packaging is an order of magnitude more expensive, and this, is a major bottle-neck to market penetration. The EU Photonics21s SRA calls new approaches to packaging a key challenge.The most demanding assembly task for multi-port PICs is the high-precision (0.1m) alignment and fixing of waveguides. PHASTFlex proposes an innovative concept, in which the waveguides in the TriPleX PIC are released during fabrication to make them movable. Actuators and fixing functions, integrated in the same PIC, place and fix the flexible waveguides in the optimal position (peak out-coupled power).The project aims to develop a complete assembly process and tooling to implement this concept, including pre-assembly using solder reflow and automated handling, and on-chip micro-fabricated fine-alignment and fixing functions. Fully automated cost-effective and high-performance solutions will also encourage photonic packaging to be carried out in EU economies. Proof of the concept will be given by assembly of prototypes for end-user applications.The consortium consists of 9 partners (7 industrial, of which 2 provide applications, 2 are universities), and are all recognised leading industrial and research entities in the photonics components and systems industry. The project duration is 36 months, the total cost is ~3.9M, the requested EU contribution is ~2.8M

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-22-2014 | Award Amount: 2.70M | Year: 2015

Loss of the voluntary muscular control while preserving cognitive functions is a common symptom of neuromuscular disorders leading to a variety of functional deficits, including the ability to operate software tools that require the use of conventional interfaces like mouse, key-board, or touch-screens. As a result, the affected individuals are marginalized and unable to keep up with the rest of the society in a digitized world. MAMEMs goal is to integrate these people back into society by increasing their potential for communication and exchange in leisure (e.g. social networks) and non-leisure context (e.g. workplace). In this direction, MAMEM delivers the technology to enable interface channels that can be controlled through eye-movements and mental commands. This is accomplished by extending the core API of current operating systems with advanced function calls, appropriate for accessing the signals captured by an eye-tracker, an EEG-recorder and bio-measurement sensors. Then, pattern recognition and tracking algorithms are employed to jointly translate these signals into meaningful control and enable a set of novel paradigms for multimodal interaction. These paradigms will allow for low- (e.g., move a mouse), meso- (e.g., tick a box) and high-level (e.g., select n-out-of-m items) control of interface applications through eyes and mind. A set of persuasive design principles together with profiles modeling the users (dis-)abilities will be also employed for designing adapted interfaces for disabled. MAMEM will engage three different cohorts of disabled (i.e. Parkinsons disease, muscular disorders, and tetraplegia) that will be asked to test a set of prototype applications dealing with multimedia authoring and management. MAMEMs final objective is to assess the impact of this technology in making these people more socially integrated by, for instance, becoming more active in sharing content through social networks and communicating with their friends and family

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.9.2 | Award Amount: 1.32M | Year: 2012

Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are used to uniquely identify electronic components and to protect valuable objects against counterfeiting. They allow creating a root of trust in a hardware system through generating device-unique fingerprints and deriving secret keys from the underlying physical properties of the silicon. Today they are typically found in specially designed hardware components and result from the silicon properties of individual transistors. They exist in many forms, among which are the so-called SRAM PUFs.\n\nThis project intends to study and show the existence of SRAM PUFs and other types of PUFs in standard PCs, laptops, mobile phones and consumer electronics. This has not been attempted so far. The mere existence of physical properties that depend on a component and are reproducible is only the first step to guarantee appropriate robustness, reliability and randomness properties for use as secret keys or trust anchors in mass-market applications. By uncovering the security properties of PUFs in standard components such as graphical processing units, central processing units and PCI connectors, this project will provide the first intrinsic and long-wanted basis for security in everyones most common computing platforms: standard PCs and similar hardware. This new root of trust in turn adds security for mass-market applications, replacing or complementing the role of a trusted platform module and enabling security for applications such as broadcast applications, content protection for the gaming industry and secure day-to-day transactions for everyone. The results of the project will allow for the first time an a priori open platform, the most difficult element to secure in an information-technology system today, to inherit security properties from its own identity and its intrinsic physical properties.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 3.66M | Year: 2008

POF-PLUS will develop new components, modify fibre assemblies and optimise transmission techniques to enable high speed (multiple Gbps) optical links based on standard large-core Plastic Optical Fibre (POF) which will take full advantage of the intrinsic low cost and extreme ease of installation of POF based systems to aid both wired and wireless service delivery to end users in next generation networks (NGN). To this end, POF-PLUS will address the following specific tasks:\n\toptimization of photonic components for multi Gbps POF transmitters and receivers, improving their linearity, bandwidth, resilience and reliability\n\tdevelopment of PCB-based laser and photodiode arrays suitable for parallel optic solutions using POF\n\tdevelopment of new simplex duplex and ribbon POF cable assemblies\n\tdevelopment of extremely user-friendly POF connection interfaces and cabling solutions to ensure low installation costs and a viable self-install solution\n\tdevelopment and realization of system prototypes at multiple Gbps based on the new optical components and advanced modulation formats and demonstrating the viability of radio-over-POF transport of wireless services\n\nThe main target applications envisioned for POF-PLUS outcomes are:\n\tnext generation high-speed home networking solutions (wirebound and wireless) with the main focus on 1Gbps solutions;\n\tlow-cost optical interconnects in large data centres and storage area networks, where the main focus is on multi-Gbps solutions.\n\nPOFs key advantages versus other cabled solutions are its ease of connection and termination, very small cable diameter, low weight and complete immunity to electromagnetic emission making it an ideal solution for those applications where link integrity and extreme ease of use is paramount.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.5 | Award Amount: 4.24M | Year: 2008

BOOM is an integration project that aims to pursue the systematic advancement of Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) integration technology to develop compact, cost-effective and power efficient silicon photonic components that enable photonic Tb/s capacity systems for current and new generation high speed broadband core networks. BOOM develops fabrication techniques as well as flip-chip bonding and wafer-scale integration methods to fabricate and mount the complete family of III-V components on SOI boards including: arrays of Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, monolithic blocks of Electro-absorption modulated lasers (EMLs) and highly efficient photodetectors. As such the BOOM SOI optical board technology will be able to blend the cost-effectiveness and integration potential of silicon with the high bandwidth and processing power of III-V material and provide a new generation of functional and miniaturized photonic components including: (a) a single 160 Gb/s SOI Wavelength Converter (WC) and a quadruple array of 160 Gb/s WCs with a record chip throughput of 640 Gb/s on a size 20x5 mm2 , (b) a compact, eight channel, ultra dense WDM InAlAs-InGaAs photoreceiver with record high responsivity and (c) a dual SOI EML transmitter together with its electronic drivers on a single chip. In addition, BOOM invests in the development of improved CMOS compatible waveguide technologies to fabricate miniaturized, low loss and fully reconfigurable wavelength routing cross-connects based on two dimensional grids of serially interconnected micro-ring resonators. BOOM will perform system level integration of all these components to assemble the first prototype rack-mount, ultra-high capacity routing platform based on silicon photonics that will require minimum board space and power consumption and achieve a total throughput of 640 Gb/s. The platform will be evaluated in a network operator test bed employing GbE optical signals.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.6.3 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2010

The EU electric power system experiences a fundamental change in the quasi-monopolistic, top-down oriented, stable, and reasonable predictable arrangements of the past. It now spans continents, has hundreds of millions consumers and hundreds of thousands of producers, from nuclear power plants to privately-owned and operated badly predictable renewables such as solar cells, wind and microturbines and operates in an increasingly liberalized market. These developments pose huge challenges for its reliable and economic operation. This proposal focuses on the real-time power imbalance in the power net, which arises as a consequence of errors in the prediction of both production and demand. As this power imbalance will increase both in size and in frequency, presents arrangements to cope with this imbalance are no longer valid. They are neither reliable nor economic anymore. This project proposes an advanced ICT and control framework for ancillary services (reserve capacity) which allows a more intelligent solution by giving consumers and producers clear, real-time financial incentives to adapt their consumption/production according to the actual needs of the power system. This design is based on a distributed control structure, enabled by a fast ICT infrastructure and advanced control theory to reliably and economically deal with the necessary ancillary services. Decisions by consumers, producers, power exchanges and TSOs can be taken locally, based on local or national preferences and regulation. Still, the embedded incentives of the proposed framework can guarantee that all these local decisions together contribute to the global objectives of the EE power net: a reliable electric energy supply at the lowest costs.\nInstead of investing in additional expensive and environment-unfriendly reserve production or storage facilities with a low utilization rate, the reliability and economy are enforced by intelligent ICT and control.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2012.1.1-2 | Award Amount: 3.22M | Year: 2013

Creativity is a fundamental transformative mechanism of the European economy. To study this mechanism, this project brings together 11 of Europes leading innovation research centres, and is structured around six themes: 1. Mapping and measuring the creative-cultural industries and their impacts; 2. Understanding and modelling creativity and design; 3. Entrepreneurship and industrial dynamics in the creative-cultural industries; 4. Digital ecosystems, user participation and the blurring of production and consumption; 5. Intellectual property, IP rights and innovation in creative-cultural activities, and, 6. Policy issues and recommendations. Together, and through nearly 25 person years of research, we will make substantial progress in methodologies and provide fresh and integrated approaches in the study of creativity and innovation, as well as in the dynamics of these industries. This will result in new data sets, policy briefs and tools, as well as academic articles and books. Above all, the project will substantially enhance the state of knowledge and understanding of the nature and characteristics of creativity and innovation, the cultural-creative industries, and their role in shaping the future European economy and society. It will also provide important and reliable evidence regarding the emergence, promotion and stimulation of creativity in relation to innovation in Europe, and how creativity-based entrepreneurship contributes to economic growth and wellbeing. The project will also be a highly valuable and original source of knowledge and understanding for the research, business and policymaking communities at both the EU and national / regional levels. The project will also help build a European research community focused on creativity and innovation, and will contribute to building research capacity by providing opportunities for early career researchers. It will also seek to advance the role of women researchers and research managers in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.4 | Award Amount: 5.34M | Year: 2011

A major challenge in computing is to leverage multi-core technologies to enable the development of energy-efficient high performance systems. This is especially critical for embedded systems which have very limited energy budget as well as for supercomputers in respect to sustainability. But, efficient programming of multi-core architectures, moving towards manycores with more than a thousand cores predicted by 2020, remains an unresolved issue. The FlexTiles project will define and develop an energy-efficient and programmable heterogeneous manycore platform (THALES, CSEM, CEA) with self-adaptive capabilities, based on the following innovations:\n\tEnergy-efficiency, performance and flexibility provided by a reconfigurable layer linked to the manycore and enabling the dynamic instantiation of dedicated accelerators (UR1).\n\tPower consumption, load balancing, dynamic mapping and resilience to faulty modules managed through self-adaptation features (KIT).\n\tVirtualised executable codes enabling dynamic relocation of configuration (TUE) and bitstreams respectively on standard processor and network on chip and on reconfigurable layer (UR1).\n\tA virtualisation layer monitoring the system and optimising the application mapping for load balancing, power consumption and faults tolerance (KIT, TUE).\n\tParallelisation and compilation tools improvement to take into account the mixture of static and dynamic behaviours (ACE, THALES).\nFlexTiles proposed final platform will be validated on two main applications (smart camera, cognitive radio) of the targeted embedded technology market (THALES, SUNDANCE). FlexTiles achieved new type of manycore will also benefit from other markets and applications domains opportunities (e.g. automotive, autonomous systems, medical imaging systems, supercomputers), where there is a combined need for energy-efficiency, performance and interactivity, while guaranteeing short time to market.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SST.2013.6-2. | Award Amount: 4.26M | Year: 2013

PORTOPIA aims to develop, next to extensions of existing indicators within the different perspectives of port performance, innovative approaches for the industrys stakeholders, such as: Development of a forecasting dimension in port performance management within the market trends and structure category; Development of top-down methods for harmonised socio-economic impact calculation; Development of an innovative, port-individualized tool for environmental and safety performance; Development of European port-related logistics chain connectivity indicators; Development of new governance indicators based on the changing role of port authorities, including indicators on financial capabilities and transparency; Development of a method to capture user perceptions of port performance; Development of a dedicated performance management system for the inland ports sector, including attention to the interaction between sea and inland ports; Development of a strategy map and an integrated benchmarking tool taking into account the specificities of ports. Furthermore, PORTOPIA aims to increase substantially the efficiency (user friendliness) of the data collection, to automate the calculations and the management system, and to build a solid data warehouse ensuring data confidentiality of individual contributors in all phases (collection, calculation, reporting). Also, further professionalizing of the communication and dissemination of results through a dedicated website, professional reporting, annual events on port performance, etc. belongs to PORTOPIAs objectives. The end result of PORTOPIA will be a state-of-the-art, sustainable, self-supporting European Ports Observatory, endorsed by port stakeholders, that provides superior value to the industry and its stakeholders by supplying transparent, useful and robust indicators and the contextual analysis of thereof, leading to improved resource efficiency, effectiveness and societal support for the European Port System.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: OCEAN 2013.3 | Award Amount: 11.27M | Year: 2014

Marine biofouling, the unwanted colonization of marine organisms on surfaces immersed in seawater has a huge economic and environmental impact in terms of maintenance requirements for marine structures, increased vessel fuel consumption, operating costs, greenhouse gas emissions and spread of non-indigenous species. The SEAFRONT project will aim to significantly advance the control of biofouling and reduce hydrodynamic drag by integrating multiple technology concepts such as surface structure, surface chemistry and bio-active/bio-based fouling control methodologies into one environmentally benign and drag-reducing solution for mobile and stationary maritime applications. In parallel, a combination of laboratory-based performance benchmarking and end-user field trials will be undertaken in order to develop an enhanced fundamental/mechanistic understanding of the coating-biofouling interaction, the impact of this on hydrodynamic drag and to inform technology development and down-selection of promising fouling control solutions. This project aims to facilitate a leap forward in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from marine transport and the conservation of the marine ecosystem by adopting a multidisciplinary and synergistic approach to fouling control.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.4.3 | Award Amount: 3.78M | Year: 2013

Along with the paradigm shift that changed the way of architectural drafting from 2D analog plans and scale models over 2D digital plans to complex digital 3D models, the importance for libraries, museums, and archives for long-term preservation of architectural digital 3D models was recognized some years ago. To this end, research projects trying to set up a process to capture, describe, manage, preserve, and make available digital CAD models created by architects during building projects were established in the United States as well as in Europe. Despite the shift from analog to digital representations, the access mechanisms of current long-term archiving systems in the architectural domain are still based on simple metadata schemes inherited from the analog world and therefore limited in the same way as searching with a card index in the analog age. The potential inherent in a full digital representation is not exploited so far as detailed semantic information in the digital documents is either not available or simply not used for retrieval. In the DuraArK project we will develop a long-term preservation system for architectural content that will overcome these shortcomings. It will allow searching and accessing data on different semantic levels going far beyond the possibilities of currently used metadata schemes. At the same time, it will provide secure and future-proof data storage by tackling the problems arising from digital decay.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.6 | Award Amount: 11.87M | Year: 2011

X10D aims to enable organic photovoltaics (OPV) to enter the competitive thin-film PV market. It will achieve this by pooling the knowledge and expertise of the leading research institutes and start-up companies in Europe, and is the first project of its kind to leverage this knowledge irrespective of the processing technology. It will use the strengths available in device efficiency and architectures in both solution processed as well as small molecule based OPV.The objective for X10D is to develop efficient, low-cost, stable tandem organic solar cells by applying new designs, materials and manufacturing technologies to create market-competitive OPV modules. Therefore, X10D proposes to bring together partners that compose a complete and unique OPV research and development consortium, from academic partners, research centers, SMEs, and large companies. Together, the X10D partners cover each segment of the complete value chain: materials development and up scaling, device development and up scaling, large area deposition equipment and processes, novel transparent conductors, laser scribing equipment and processes, encapsulation technologies, energy, life-cycle, and cost analysis and finally end-users.The main objectives for X10D can be quantified more explicitly as:- To increase the power conversion efficiency to achieve at least a 12% on cell level (1cm), and 9% on module level (100 cm)- To guarantee a minimum of 20 years life for OPV modules on glass, and 10 years on foil- To decrease the cost under 0.70 /Watt-peak

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.5 | Award Amount: 10.47M | Year: 2013

The traditional computing paradigm is experiencing a fundamental shift: organizations no longer completely control their own data, but instead hand it to external untrusted parties - cloud service providers, for processing and storage. There currently exist no satisfactory approach to protect data during computation from cloud providers and from other users of the cloud.\n\nPRACTICE has assembled the key experts throughout Europe and will provide privacy and confidentiality for computations in the cloud. PRACTICE will create a secure cloud framework that allows the realization of advanced and practical cryptographic technologies providing sophisticated security and privacy guarantees for all parties in cloud-computing scenarios. With PRACTICE users no longer need to trust their cloud providers for data confidentiality and integrity: Due to its computation on encrypted data, even insiders can no longer disclose secrets or disrupt the service. This opens new markets, increases their market share, and may allow conquering foreign markets where reach has been limited due to confidentiality and privacy concerns. PRACTICE enables European customers to safe cost by globally outsourcing to the cheapest providers while still maintaining guaranteed security and legal compliance.\n\nPRACTICE will deliver a Secure Platform for Enterprise Applications and Services (SPEAR) providing application servers and automatic tools enabling privacy-sensitive applications on the cloud. SPEAR protects user data from cloud providers and other users, supporting cloud-aided secure computations by mutually distrusting parties and will support the entire software product lifecycle. One goal of SPEAR is to support users in selecting the right approach and mechanisms to address their specific security needs. Our flexible architecture and tools that allow seamless migration from execution on unchanged clouds today towards new platforms while gradually adding levels of protection.\n\nPRACTICE is strongly industry-driven and will demonstrate its results on two end-user defined use cases in statistics and collaborative supply chain management. PRACTICE is based on real-life use cases underpinning the business interest of the partners. Our focus is on near-term and large-scale commercial exploitation of cutting-edge technology where project results are quickly transferred into novel products. PRACTICE is the first project to mitigate insider threats and data leakage for computations in the cloud while maintaining economies of scale. This goes beyond current approaches that can only protect data at rest within storage clouds once insiders may misbehave. Moreover, it will investigate economical and legal frameworks, quantify the economic aspects and return on security investment for SMC deployment as well as evaluate its legal aspects regarding private data processing and outsourcing.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 2.73M | Year: 2008

Increased global competition and an urgent need to address sustainability and resource-efficiency of operations force European industries and large-scale infrastructure operators to look for efficient real-time decision-making systems that allow them to react rapidly, consistently and effectively to a continually changing economical and environmental landscape. Advances in optimization tools and the emergence of new highly pervasive, cheap, and reconfigurable wireless sensing technologies now motivate the research for novel distributed layers of plant management that are highly coordinated through the plant-wide circulation of information. The WIDE project aims at developing a rigorous framework for advanced control and real-time optimization of truly large-scale and spatially distributed processes, based on the integrated use of distributed model predictive control and wireless sensor feedback. While the technologies and methodologies investigated in WIDE are general enough for many contexts, the project employs its unique access to an operational European city water distribution network to prove the effectiveness of the new concept in real practice. The objectives of WIDE are aligned with Objective ICT-2007.3.7 Networked Embedded and Control Systems, target outcome (c) Control of large-scale complex distributed systems as (i) it envisions a generic modelling and control design method for large-scale distributed systems such as manufacturing and process plants and large scale infrastructures; (ii) it proposes a new engineering approach to the design of scalable distributed model predictive controllers that optimize operational efficiency under resource and safety constraints while ensuring robustness to component and communication failures; (iii) it enables the use of wide-area wireless sensor networks for closing the control loop.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.4 | Award Amount: 4.73M | Year: 2008

Development of hardware devices and software products is facilitated by a design flow, and a set of tools (e.g., compilers and debuggers), which automate tasks normally performed by experienced, highly skilled developers. However, in both hardware and software examples the tools are generic since they seldom provide specific support for a particular domain. The goal of this project is to design, develop and deploy a toolbox that will support the specific domain of cryptographic software engineering. Ordinarily, development of cryptographic software is a huge challenge: security and trust is mission critical and modern applications processing sensitive data typically require the deployment of sophisticated cryptographic techniques. The proposed toolbox will allow non-experts to develop high-level cryptographic applications and business models by means of cryptography-aware high-level programming languages and compilers. The description of such applications in this way will allow automatic analysis and transformation of cryptographic software to detect security critical implementation failures, e.g., software and hardware based side-channel attacks, when realizing low level cryptographic primitives and protocols. Ultimately, the end result will be better quality, more robust software at much lower cost; this provides both a clear economic benefit to the European industry in the short term, and positions it better in dealing with any future roadblocks to ICT development in the longer term.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP.2012.3.0-1 | Award Amount: 5.48M | Year: 2012

The proposed project, MAPSYN, aims to bring selected innovative energy efficient chemical reaction processes, assisted with novel microwave, ultrasonic and plasma systems, up to the manufacturing scale. A pragmatic approach of using these selected alternative energy sources for end user selected reactions, will be individually studied for both microreactor and flow reactor systems (i.e. continuous not batch processes), to address specific business drivers such as energy reduction or increased production. The cost and energy of production needs to be kept as lean as possible with quality, reproducibility and sustainability being at the centre of the novel MAPSYN process concepts. Fine and commodity chemical syntheses for the chemical industry can be energy, time and design skill intensive and may produce lower reaction yields than desired. These valuable chemicals are vital to the consumer as they are used by the personal care, pharmaceutical, household and agricultural industries. End user selected reactions include selective hydrogenations and nitrogen fixation reactions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.2-2 | Award Amount: 3.25M | Year: 2008

We are proposing a Collaborative Project, NAMASTE, on nanostructured dilute magnetic semiconductor and metal materials. The key ideas are to control and manipulate the nanoscale properties of magnetic materials by local strain and electric fields making possible new types of magneto-electronic and spintronic devices. This is a co-ordinated programme of theoretical, experimental and technological research by a consortium of European academic and industrial research groups, each of which is internationally leading in the complementary, multidisciplinary research fields essential to the project delivery. The proposal builds on recent advances in the state-of-the-art by the consortium members and is based on the design of materials whose specific nanostructure yields the required tailored properties. NAMASTE should significantly advance the understanding of nanostructured magnetic materials and magnetic phenomena at the nanoscale. The project has a high probability of major medium and long term impact on many aspects of spintronics, magnetic data storage and processing, and magnetic sensors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2008

This proposal is aimed at generating new fundamental knowledge and fostering new prospects and frontiers, training and transfer of knowledge in the field of highly efficient, highly selective, supported, recyclable catalysts. Target of the research programme are strongly innovative methodologies for the preparation, recovery and reuse of single-site, multipurpose, nanostructured catalytic materials, and the engineering of reactors based on these catalysts, as this represents an essential part towards the elaboration of sustainable production processes of high-added value fine chemicals. The approach pursued will be the immobilization of homogeneous catalysts, and particularly transition metal complexes, onto preformed (in)soluble supports (heterogenised catalysts). Materials defined at the nanometric level obtained by surface organometallic chemistry will be also included. The focus will be thereupon on their applications on specific, selected reactions. In this project, we plan to use advanced catalyst design to develop catalysts in which the support allows improvements in terms of activity, selectivity, catalyst lifetime and versatility, compared to their homogeneous counterparts. This will be an interdisciplinary, jointly executed research project encompassing complementary, synthetic (inorganic supports, ligands, organometallic compounds, functionalized polymers, dendrimers, nanoparticles), reactivity (homo- and heterogeneous catalyst screening and recycle, product analysis), characterization (advanced techniques for materials and in situ investigations), engineering (continuous-flow / supercritical flow reactors) and modelling activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.5.3 | Award Amount: 3.94M | Year: 2011

Treatment and prognosis of spinal disc degeneration are still based on trial and error clinical decisions from the surgeon leading to numerous post treatment complications and eventual morbidity. A rational engineering approach based on advanced ICT and patient-specific predictive systems to treat various spinal pathologies needs to be developed to guide clinicians and improve long-term clinical outcomes. In silico virtual assessment of the evolution of treatments for patient-specific lumbar spine geometries, tissue properties, and loading histories is the cornerstone of such predictive system. Focus must be made on functional patient-specific models that have mechanobiological predictive capabilities. The objective of My SPINE is to adapt and integrate existing generic finite element (FE) models and use them as ICT tools in a clinical setting. The predictive system will consist in a set of specialized computing platforms. A geometrical and mechanical patient-specific model will be built, involving specialized processes such as image segmentation and analysis, mesh morphing, FE simulations, and optimizations. Based on the analysis of each integrated biomechanical and mechanobiological model, results will be evaluated in a probabilistic way, helping clinician to safely assess the risks and benefits of each simulated treatment. The main outputs of the project are the creation of a prototype computing platform with a graphical user interface for clinical settings and a patient-specific database of the lumbar spine. This interface will give clinicians the ability to virtually explore patient-specific treatment outcomes of disc degeneration, from short-term biomechanical ending to long-term mechanobiological tissue evolution. The project will impact ehealth by bringing new engineering rationale in the clinical decision-process. Impact is thus directly linked to ICT companies for clinical software development and hospital for the development of new clinical protocols.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.5.4 | Award Amount: 2.95M | Year: 2013

Cities embody the twofold challenge currently facing the European Union: how to improve competitiveness while achieving social cohesion and environmental sustainability. They are fertile ground for science and technology, innovation and cultural activity, but also places where problems such as environmental pollution, unemployment, segregation and poverty are concentrated.INSIGHT aims to investigate how ICT, with particular focus on data science and complexity theory, can help European cities formulate and evaluate policies to stimulate a balanced economic recovery and a sustainable urban development. The objectives of the project are the following:1. to investigate how data from multiple distributed sources available in the context of the open data, the big data and the smart city movements, can be managed, analysed and visualised to understand urban development patterns;2. to apply these data mining functionalities to characterise the drivers of the spatial distribution of activities in European cities, focusing on the retail, housing, and public services sectors, and paying special attention to the impact of the current economic crisis;3. to develop enhanced spatial interaction and location models for retail, housing, and public services;4. to integrate the new theoretical models into state-of-the-art simulation tools, in order to develop enhanced decision support systems able to provide scientific evidence in support of policy options for post-crisis urban development;5. to develop innovative visualisation tools to enable stakeholder interaction with the new urban simulation and decision support tools and facilitate the analysis and interpretation of the simulation outcomes;6. to develop methodological procedures for the use of the tools in policy design processes, and evaluate and demonstrate the capabilities of the tools through four case studies carried out in cooperation with the cities of Barcelona, Madrid, London, and Rotterdam.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FoF-09-2015 | Award Amount: 8.87M | Year: 2015

HORSE aims to bring a leap forward in the manufacturing industry proposing a new flexible model of smart factory involving collaboration of humans, robots, AGVs (Autonomous Guided Vehicles) and machinery to realize industrial tasks in an efficient manner. HORSE proposes to foster technology deployment towards SMEs by developing a methodological and technical framework for easy adaptation of robotic solutions and by setting up infrastructures and environments that will act as clustering points for selected application areas in manufacturing and for product life cycle management (production and/or maintenance and/or product end of life). The main strategy builds on existing technology and research results in robotics and smart factories and integrates them in a coherent framework. The suitability of the resulting framework is not only driven by but will be validated with end-users - manufacturing companies- in two steps: In the first, the joint iterative development of the framework together with selected end-users will take place (Pilot Experiments). In the second, its suitability and transferability to further applications will be validated with new end users, which are recruited by an Open Call mechanism. The novel approaches of HORSE are the integration of concepts such as (physical) human-robot interaction, intuitive human-machine interfaces, and interaction between different robots and machines into an integrated environment with pre-existing machines and workflows. Safety of the human worker as well as reduction of health risks through physical support by the robotized equipment will contribute to better overall manufacturing processes. In these, pre-defined workflows to be customized are the basis for servitisation, for the entire value chain that allow rapid reconfiguration of the robots based collaborative production processes. HORSE aims to foster advanced manufacturing technology deployment by industries and especially SMEs.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 2.87M | Year: 2016

Life expectancy is increasing dramatically, but the period of good health (healthspan) enjoyed by most is not keeping pace, with implications for health, social care, and pensions resulting in estimated costs more than doubling by 2050. Thus, understanding the many factors that contribute to healthy ageing versus frailty, and validating interventions and influencing policy to promote healthy ageing is a cross-cutting research priority in Europe. Given the considerable impact of lifestyle factors on healthy ageing and disease, there is a surprising lack of innovative multi-disciplinary training and research examining the influence of physical activity and nutrition on age-related changes at gene to societal level. PANINI will address this gap by coordinating research laboratories across Europe to focus on cutting-edge ageing and health research through training 11 ESRs across scientific disciplines to create a holistic approach to the challenge of ageing in the 21st Century. PANINI is a European Training Network with 8 world-leading beneficiaries working on Healthy Ageing and 10 non-academic partners carefully selected for quality and range of sectors. These vary in size including 1 large nutrition company, 5 SMEs, 2 charities, 1 healthcare partnership and 1 EU Joint Research Centre. PANINIs vision is to implement multidisciplinary cross-sectoral research and training of a new cohort of researchers taking a radically innovative approach to overcome the challenge of unhealthy ageing. The main goals of PANINI are to: integrate expertise from basic biomedical science and technology to applied clinical practice; standardise measurements across the network to create a toolkit and shared dataset; provide multidisciplinary training secondments to expose ESRs to healthcare and industry research settings and other laboratories; disseminate widely the shared and individual project findings; and use these to develop a policy document to promote healthy ageing in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.61M | Year: 2015

Fluid dispersions containing highly elongated colloidal particles form a plethora of ordered, liquid-crystalline states as well as glassy and gel-like disordered states already at very low concentrations. In spite of their remarkable properties, industrial applications of such dispersions have entered the market only relatively recently, in contrast to more conventional low-molecular-weight, liquid-crystalline fluids for which the major practical applications are in opto-electronic device technology, e.g., in displays, optical imaging and smart glass. Important potential applications of colloidal liquid crystals can be found in the manufacturing of high-performance fibres and in fast moving consumer goods, such as foods and home and personal care. To accelerate their exploitation and market introduction, we seek to push the field in a new, innovative direction where rod-like colloidal particles of a very diverse nature are used to form structures with a well-defined direction: Directed Structure (DiStruc) at the mesoscopic level. Our focus will be on the role of confinement and flow, highly relevant to industrial applications. This will open avenues for a bottom-up, rational design of industrial processes, which is an important step to protect the competitive role of European industries on the global market. At the same time, scientifically novel physical phenomena will be explored protecting the leading role of Europe in the field of soft condensed matter. Importantly, it provides a training ground for the next generation of European researchers, unique in its interdisciplinary scope, covering physics, chemistry, biology, materials and engineering, its depth, creating a mind-set where experiments, theory and computer simulations go hand-in-hand, and its focus on the chain of knowledge from basic to applied research through close industrial involvement.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2015

The aim of the project Euro-Sequences is to establish a multidisciplinary training network on the emerging topic of sequence-controlled polymers. It has been shown during the last 5 years that such polymers open up unprecedented options for the future of manmade materials. Indeed, similarly to biopolymers such as DNA and proteins, synthetic sequence-controlled polymers contain precisely engineered chain-microstructures that allow a fine control over their molecular, nanoscopic and macroscopic properties. For instance, these new types of polymers are relevant for applications in molecular data storage, catalysis, and nanomedicine. However, this field of research is young and therefore, fundamental and applied research is still mandatory. Thus, it seems timely and appropriate to federate top-European researchers working on that topic. The proposed network is composed of 7 academic partners and 2 companies and connects researchers with complementary expertise in areas such as organic chemistry, polymer synthesis, supramolecular chemistry, physico-chemistry and materials science. This multidisciplinary network will focus on different scientific aspects. A first important objective will be the development of facile and rapid chemical methods for writing molecular information on polymers. In addition, analytical techniques that allow characterization and sequencing of polymers will be studied. The folding and self-assembly of sequence-controlled polymers will be also examined in order to understand the correlation between controlled primary structure and higher levels of organization. Eventually, a crucial aim of this project will be the conception of new types of plastics materials. This network will be a unique scientific environment for training PhDs. The students will conduct their research in top-European laboratories and will receive a complete training, including lectures and summer schools, on polymer chemistry, supramolecular chemistry and biomaterials.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2017

Lightning is an extremely energetic electric discharge process in our atmosphere. It significantly affects the concentration of greenhouse gases and it threatens electrical and electronic devices, in particular, when placed on elevated structures like wind turbines or aircraft, and when these structures are built with modern composite materials with inherently low electric conductivity. In addition, even our fundamental understanding of atmospheric electricity is far from complete. New discharge processes in the atmosphere above thunderstorms have been discovered, the so-called Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) in the stratosphere and mesosphere, and Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs) that emit particle beams of antimatter. These phenomena demand thorough investigations, in geophysics and in the related fields of plasma and high-voltage technology where similar discharges appear. These challenges are approached within the SAINT project with a multidisciplinary and inter-sectorial training platform for 15 ESRs. The platform brings together satellite and ground observations with modelling and lab experiments. It couples scientific studies to applications relevant to industries developing satellite data products, plasma discharge technologies, lightning detection systems and lightning protection devices. With SAINT, we take advantage of the extraordinary opportunity presented by three simultaneous space missions with dedicated instruments to study lightning discharges, TLEs and TGFs, to integrate the unique space data with dedicated novel ground observations, model developments and lab experiments. SAINT will train the next generation of young, innovative scientists to shape the future of research and technology in Europe.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 2.82M | Year: 2015

The last half century has seen a tremendous advancement in adhesives technology and has led to widespread replacement of mechanical fasteners with adhesive bonds (e.g. aircraft, automobile, construction, etc.). Bonding to wet, rough and fouled surfaces, however, remains challenging and adhesive technology is rarely applied for bonding in wet conditions, such as in (orthopaedic) medicine. Therefore, a need exists to educate young researchers in this interdisciplinary research field of controlling adhesion under wet conditions and to bridge the gap between the fundamentals of underwater adhesives and their practice. BioSmartTrainee is set up to provide such training by a combination of three complementary scientific fields: polymer science, adhesion and (fluid)-biomechanics. We aim to (i) extract principles from biological systems and mimic them to design synthetic materials; to (ii) experimentally test their adhesion properties in wet conditions and to (iii) clarify the adhesion mechanisms based on natural examples and theoretical modelling. These innovative adhesives will be useful for reversible attachment to a variety of surfaces in wet environments and, therefore, be highly relevant for products from European industry such as technological adhesives, coatings, tissue adhesives, wound dressings or transdermal delivery devices. This carefully planned research and training program in a network of leading academic and industrial (BASF, AkzoNobel, UGRO) partners will ensure that young researchers are given an excellent training in a pioneering research domain of high scientific and technological relevance, where Europe can take a leading position.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-8-2015 | Award Amount: 8.20M | Year: 2016

Batteries are not yet the ideal energy container they were promised to be. They are expensive, fragile and potentially dangerous. Moreover the current EV cannot compete yet with traditional vehicles when it comes to driving range and flexibility. EVERLASTING intends to bring Li-ion batteries closer to this ideal by focusing on the following technology areas. Predicting the behavior of battery systems in all circumstances and over their full lifetime. This enables accurate dimensioning and choice of the correct battery type, leading to lower cost. It also facilitates the development of a powerful battery management system during all stages of its evolution from idea to fully tested product. Sensing signals beyond the standard parameters of current, voltage and temperature. This multi-sensing approach provides more varied and in-depth data on the status of the battery facilitating a pro-active and effective management of the batteries, preventing issues rather than mitigating them. Monitoring the status of the battery by interpreting the rich sensor data. By intelligently combining this information with road, vehicle and driver data we intend to offer accurate higher-level driver feedback. This induces a bigger trust and hence a lower range anxiety. Managing the battery in a proactive way, based on a correct assessment of its status. Efficient thermal management and load management results in increased reliability and safety and leads to lower overall cost through an increased lifetime. Defining a standard BMS architecture and interfaces and gathering the necessary support in the market. This allows an industry of standard BMS components to flourish which will result in lower cost.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 999.79K | Year: 2016

The overall aim of the ORZEL project is to boost the scientific excellence and technology-transfer capacity in organic electronics of the Silesian University of Technology (SUT) by creating a network with the high-quality Twinning partners: University of Durham (UDUR), Institute of Nanoscience and Cryogenics, Commissariat lEnergie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (INAC) and Eindhoven University of Technology (TUE). To achieve this aim, the 3 year project will build upon the existing strong research and innovation base of SUT and its Twinning partners. To boost their scientific excellence and technology transfer capacity in organic electronics, the partners will implement a science and innovation strategy focused on three sub-topics: 1. Innovative organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) SUT with UDUR 2. Advanced characterisation of charge transport in organic electronics - SUT with INAC 3. Advances in organic solar cells (OSCs) SUT with TUE The science and innovation strategy takes into account the recent SWOT analysis of SUT and has the following objectives: Objective 1: Strengthen SUTs research excellence in organic electronics Objective 2: Enhance the research and innovation capacity of SUT and the Twinning partners Objective 3: Raise the research profile of SUT and the Twinning Partners Objective 4: Contribute to the SMART Specialisation Strategy of the Poland Objective 5: Support research and innovation on a European level In order to achieve these objectives, the consortium partners will implement a comprehensive set of measures via the projects work packages: Short term staff exchanges (WP1); Training workshops, conferences and summer schools (WP2); Dissemination and outreach (WP3).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2017

We propose to forge a partnership between the leading European groups working on the next generation of solid state quantum emitters based on novel growth methods such as Droplet Epitaxy. Future, practical Nano-photonics and Quantum Circuits applications demand semiconductor quantum dots that can be grown on substrates with different lattice parameters (Si, Ge, GaAs), different substrate orientations (such as (001) and (111)) and tuneable optical, electrical and spin properties. All these requirements are met by high quality quantum dots grown with Droplet based Epitaxy techniques, circumventing the limitations of currently available systems based on strain-driven dot self-assembly. This vast novel research area at the crossroads of photonics, material science, quantum physics and nano-scale device fabrication will allow delivering top level multidisciplinary training to 15 early stage researcher (ESRs). The successful training of the ESRs by leading academic and 3 full industrial partners will be crucial for achieving the headline goals of this first ever consortium on droplet dot devices: (1) Entangled light emitting diodes with droplet dots grown on (111) substrates (2) Electrically triggered, droplet dot based single photon sources on Si/Ge substrates (3) Strain tuning in droplet dots without wetting layer: photon polarization and single spin control (4) Droplet Dot based single photon sources for non- classical light storage devices based on hybrid quantum systems (dots & laser-cooled atoms). The training and research progress will be discussed and monitored during the 4 project meetings, 3 summer schools and the final international conference on Droplet Dot Devices, all of which are open to the whole scientific community. We expect this network, based on the solid collaboration between growth groups, microscopists, quantum optics experimentalists and theorists to explore the full potential of this emerging technology.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2009

The multi-site European initial training network ENHANCE New Materials: Innovative Concepts for their Fabrication, Integration and Characterization will be established to deal with the mid and long term issues of concern to the European industry encompassing the whole spectrum of functional materials for microelectronics, nano-electronics, data storage, photovoltaic, with emphasis on emerging nano-technologies. This network consisting of 3 academic groups from chemistry 1 from physics, 3 from Material Science and Engineering and 1 industrial partners from 6 different countries of Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Italy, Denmark and Austria. Despite the exceptional importance of thin film processing of many new materials and their integration in emerging nanotechnologies, there is no systematic interdisciplinary training of students in the traditional courses of chemistry, materials science and engineering. ENHANCE aims to close this gap by combining the classical knowledge of chemistry, materials science, physics and engineering i.e. the knowledge of precursor molecules, materials properties, study of physical phenomena, to electronic devices and circuit integration. The training of ENHANCE fellows will be based on a structured 3 year academic curriculum, including, generic skills workshops and on-site research training at the state of the art laboratories, facilities under clean room conditions and a training at the industrial laboratories. This will provide the young scientists with necessary in-depth knowledge in materials synthesis and thin film processing as well as experimental skills in operating the instruments and analytical skills in different materials characterization techniques. The training concludes with European doctoral examination and will be reviewed by external experts in the field and their remarks will be addressed during the final disputation.

Heemels W.P.M.H.,TU Eindhoven | Johansson K.H.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Tabuada P.,University of California at Los Angeles
Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control | Year: 2012

Recent developments in computer and communication technologies have led to a new type of large-scale resource-constrained wireless embedded control systems. It is desirable in these systems to limit the sensor and control computation and/or communication to instances when the system needs attention. However, classical sampled-data control is based on performing sensing and actuation periodically rather than when the system needs attention. This paper provides an introduction to event- and self-triggered control systems where sensing and actuation is performed when needed. Event-triggered control is reactive and generates sensor sampling and control actuation when, for instance, the plant state deviates more than a certain threshold from a desired value. Self-triggered control, on the other hand, is proactive and computes the next sampling or actuation instance ahead of time. The basics of these control strategies are introduced together with a discussion on the differences between state feedback and output feedback for event-triggered control. It is also shown how event- and self-triggered control can be implemented using existing wireless communication technology. Some applications to wireless control in process industry are discussed as well. © 2012 IEEE.

University of the Basque Country, University of Granada and TU Eindhoven | Date: 2011-03-18

The present invention relates to a biocompatible cationic nanogel comprising a polymer network, said polymer network comprising polymer units interconnected with one another through a cross-linking agent, wherein said polymer network can be obtained by polymerizing N-vinylcaprolactam and a cross-linking agent in a dispersed medium, in the presence of a cationic initiator and a cationic or non-ionic emulsifier. The invention also relates to methods for obtaining the mentioned nanogels as well as to pharmaceutical compositions comprising them.

University of the Basque Country, TU Eindhoven and University of Granada | Date: 2013-01-23

The present invention relates to a biocompatible cationic nanogel comprising a polymer network, said polymer network comprising polymer units interconnected with one another through a cross-linking agent, wherein said polymer network can be obtained by polymerizing N-vinylcaprolactam and a cross-linking agent in a dispersed medium, in the presence of a cationic initiator and a cationic or non-ionic emulsifier. The invention also relates to methods for obtaining the mentioned nanogels as well as to pharmaceutical compositions comprising them.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.1 | Award Amount: 16.47M | Year: 2008

The ALPHA project addresses the challenges of building the future access and all types of in-building networks for home and office environments. The proposal supports the evolution towards a cognitive network by dynamically utilising the resources of an optical network infrastructure to support a heterogeneous environment of wired and wireless technologies.\nThe project investigates innovative architectural and transmission solutions based on the manifold of optical fibres (single-, multi-mode and plastic) as well as wireless technology to support both wired and wireless services in a converged network infrastructure. The focus is on using the newest physical layer achievements and adequate management and control algorithms to reach a yet unprecedented end-to-end provisioned capacity for access and in-building networks at a fraction of the price of todays technologies and to simultaneously include the transport of existing 2G/3G and Beyond 3G (B3G) signals whether they are Internet Protocol (IP) or non-IP-based.\n\nThe project starts with analysing the potential future bandwidth and quality-of-service (QoS) requirements which can be posed by future services in the scope of access and in-building networks such as Ultra HD Video, Local Storage Area Network, remote medical applications and others, and mapping those requirements into network specifications. The questions on the best applicable media, necessity for optical layer dynamics, compatibility of network types at the physical layer, foundations for better QoS provisioning and embedding of 2G/3G and B3G signals into the networks are then addressed within the project.\n\nThe project pursues experimental validations of close-to-maturity technologies in laboratory tests and field trials by intensively exploiting the three project testbeds. The project also includes long-term research activities targeting to improve the existing technologies, and follows an intensive dissemination and standardisation strategy.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2012-AIPP1 | Award Amount: 81.51M | Year: 2013

CRYSTAL aims at fostering Europes leading edge position in embedded systems engineering in particular regarding quality and cost effectiveness of safety-critical embedded systems and architecture platforms. Its overall goal is to enable sustainable paths to speed up the maturation, integration, and cross-sectoral reusability of technological and methodological bricks of the factories for safety-critical embedded systems engineering in the areas of transportation (aerospace, automotive, and rail) and healthcare providing a critical mass of European technology providers. CRYSTAL perfectly fits to other ARTEMIS projects, sharing the concept of a reference technology platform (RTP) as a consistent set of integration principles and seamless technology interoperability standards. Based on the methodologies of a service-oriented architecture and the results of previous projects CRYSTAL focuses on an industry-driven approach using cross-domain user stories, domain-specific use cases, public use cases, and technology bricks. This shall have a significant impact to strengthen European competitiveness regarding new markets and societal applications. In building an overall interoperability domain embedded systems, CRYSTAL will contribute to establishing a standard for model-based systems engineering in a certification and safety context which is expected to have global impact. By bringing together large enterprises and various industrial domains CRYSTAL will setup a sustainable innovation eco-system. By harmonizing the demands in the development of safety-relevant embedded systems including multi-viewpoint engineering and variability management across different industrial domains, CRYSTAL will achieve a strong acceptance from both vendors and the open-source community. CRYSTAL will drive forward interoperability towards a de facto standard providing an interoperable European RTP. Approved by the JU on 20-03-2015

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-6;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2011-3 | Award Amount: 19.67M | Year: 2012

Large scale societal challenges require large scale monitoring and control solutions. Technological developments will make it possible to design and build these large systems. A major obstacle in realizing these systems is the lack of a versatile methodology to design and implement adaptive monitoring and control systems taking into account intrinsic properties of system of systems (decentralization, dynamic requirements, continuous evolution and changing components). The goal of DEMANES is to provide component-based methods, framework and tools for development of runtime adaptive systems, making them capable of reacting to changes in themselves, in their environment (battery state, availability and throughput of the network connection, availability of external services, etc.) and in user needs (requirements). to model the architecture and the operation of adaptive systems to support the design process of such systems by providing simulation and evaluation environments and test-beds to support the implementation of such system by providing services for self organization, reconfiguration and self optimization as parts of the execution environment to verify and test adaptive systems to monitor the internal and external operational conditions and manage adaptation at run time. In order to go beyond the state of the art DEMANES combines recent advances from systems and control engineering. The concept, methodology and tools developed in DEMANES will be validated and demonstrated in three use cases: smart urban transport, smart airport and smart home. To reach the ambitious goals of DEMANES in the spirit of the ARTEMIS programme a large consortium is necessary to cover the range of disciplines necessary. The partners in the DEMANES consortium are complementary in terms of technical competencies and organizational, business and market experience. .. APPROVED BY ARTEMIS-JU on 17-03-2015

Ramponi R.,Polytechnic of Milan | Ramponi R.,TU Eindhoven | Blocken B.,TU Eindhoven
Building and Environment | Year: 2012

Accurate CFD simulation of coupled outdoor wind flow and indoor air flow is essential for the design and evaluation of natural cross-ventilation strategies for buildings. It is widely recognized that CFD simulations can be very sensitive to the large number of computational parameters that have to be set by the user. Therefore, detailed and generic sensitivity analyses of the impact of these parameters on the simulation results are important to provide guidance for the execution and evaluation of future CFD studies. A detailed review of the literature indicates that there is a lack of extensive generic sensitivity studies for CFD simulation of natural cross-ventilation. In order to provide such a study, this paper presents a series of coupled 3D steady RANS simulations for a generic isolated building. The CFD simulations are validated based on detailed wind tunnel experiments with Particle Image Velocimetry. The impact of a wide range of computational parameters is investigated, including the size of the computational domain, the resolution of the computational grid, the inlet turbulent kinetic energy profile of the atmospheric boundary layer, the turbulence model, the order of the discretization schemes and the iterative convergence criteria. Specific attention is given to the problem of oscillatory convergence that was observed during some of these coupled CFD simulations. Based on this analysis, the paper identifies the most important parameters. The intention is to contribute to improved accuracy, reliability and evaluation of coupled CFD simulations for cross-ventilation assessment. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Santiago J.,University of Granada | Lakens D.,TU Eindhoven
Acta Psychologica | Year: 2015

Conceptual congruency effects have been interpreted as evidence for the idea that the representations of abstract conceptual dimensions (e.g., power, affective valence, time, number, importance) rest on more concrete dimensions (e.g., space, brightness, weight). However, an alternative theoretical explanation based on the notion of polarity correspondence has recently received empirical support in the domains of valence and morality, which are related to vertical space (e.g., good things are up). In the present study we provide empirical arguments against the applicability of the polarity correspondence account to congruency effects in two conceptual domains related to lateral space: number and time. Following earlier research, we varied the polarity of the response dimension (left-right) by manipulating keyboard eccentricity. In a first experiment we successfully replicated the congruency effect between vertical and lateral space and its interaction with response eccentricity. We then examined whether this modulation of a concrete-concrete congruency effect can be extended to two types of concrete-abstract effects, those between left-right space and number (in both parity and magnitude judgment tasks), and temporal reference. In all three tasks response eccentricity failed to modulate the congruency effects. We conclude that polarity correspondence does not provide an adequate explanation of conceptual congruency effects in the domains of number and time. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Khatua S.,Leiden University | Paulo P.M.R.,University of Lisbon | Yuan H.,Leiden University | Gupta A.,Leiden University | And 2 more authors.
ACS Nano | Year: 2014

Enhancing the fluorescence of a weak emitter is important to further extend the reach of single-molecule fluorescence imaging to many unexplored systems. Here we study fluorescence enhancement by isolated gold nanorods and explore the role of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on the observed enhancements. Gold nanorods can be cheaply synthesized in large volumes, yet we find similar fluorescence enhancements as literature reports on lithographically fabricated nanoparticle assemblies. The fluorescence of a weak emitter, crystal violet, can be enhanced more than 1000-fold by a single nanorod with its SPR at 629 nm excited at 633 nm. This strong enhancement results from both an excitation rate enhancement of ~130 and an effective emission enhancement of ~9. The fluorescence enhancement, however, decreases sharply when the SPR wavelength moves away from the excitation laser wavelength or when the SPR has only a partial overlap with the emission spectrum of the fluorophore. The reported measurements of fluorescence enhancement by 11 nanorods with varying SPR wavelengths are consistent with numerical simulations. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

Fransoo J.C.,TU Eindhoven | Lee C.-Y.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Production and Operations Management | Year: 2013

With supply chains distributed across global markets, ocean container transport now is a critical element of any such supply chain. We identify key characteristics of ocean container transport from a supply chain perspective. We find that unlike continental (road) transport, service offerings tend to be consolidated in few service providers, and a strong focus exists on maximization of capital intensive resources. Based on the characteristics of ocean container transport as part of global supply chains, we list a number of relevant and challenging research areas and associated questions. © 2012 Production and Operations Management Society.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.5 | Award Amount: 3.39M | Year: 2011

The NAVOLCHI project explores, develops and demonstrates a novel nano-scale plasmonic chip-to-chip and system-in-package interconnection platform to overcome the bandwidth, foot-print and power consumption limitations of todays electrical and optical interconnect solutions. The technology exploits the ultra-compact dimensions and fast electronic interaction times offered by surface plasmon polaritons to build plasmonic transceivers with a few square-micron footprints and speeds only limited by the RC constants. Key elements developed in this project are monolithically integrated plasmonic lasers, modulators, amplifiers and detectors on a CMOS platform. The transceivers will be interconnected by free space and fiber connect schemes. The plasmonic transceiver concept aims at overcoming the challenges posed by the need for massive parallel interchip communications. Yet, it is more fundamental as the availability of cheap miniturized transmitters and detectors on a single chip will enable new applications in sensing, biomedical testing and many other fields where masses of lasers and detectors are need to e.g. analyze samples. Economically, the suggested technology is a viable approach for a massive monolithic integration of optoelectronic functions on Si substrates as it relies to the most part on the standardized processes offered by the silicon industry. In addition, the design and production cost of plasmonic devices are extremely low and with the dimension 100 times smaller over conventional devices they will require much lower energy to transfer data over short ranges of multi-processor cluster systems. The project is disruptive and challenging but it is clearly within the area of expertise of the consortium. It actually builds on the partners prior art such as demonstration of the first nano-scale plasmonic pillar laser. This project has the potential to create novel high-impact technologies by taking advantage of the manifold possibilities offered by plasmonic effects.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-30-2015 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016

Valvular Heart Disease currently affects 2.5% of the population, but is overwhelmingly a disease of the elderly and consequently on the rise. It is dominated by two conditions, Aortic Stenosis and Mitral Regurgitation, both of which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, yet which pose a truly demanding challenge for treatment optimisation. By combining multiple complex modelling components developed in recent EC-funded research projects, a comprehensive, clinically-compliant decision-support system will be developed to meet this challenge, by quantifying individualised disease severity and patient impairment, predicting disease progression, ranking the effectiveness of alternative candidate procedures, and optimising the patient-specific intervention plan. This algorithmically-driven process will dramatically improve outcomes and consistency across Europe in this fast-growing patient group, maximising individual, societal and economic outcomes.

TU Eindhoven and ASML Netherlands BV | Date: 2015-12-11

A vibration isolator is provided comprising a base structure, a load structure, a displacement structure and at least one vertical air gap formed by opposing and substantially parallel walls of the base structure and the load structure. The opposing walls being at least partly covered by respective arrays of permanent magnets, neighboring magnets in the arrays having alternating magnetization directions, an arrangement of the permanent magnets in the arrays being such that a gravitational force on the load structure is substantially compensated by a net magnetic force of the base structure on the load structure. The displacement structure relatively displaces arrays of permanent magnets of the opposing walls with respect to each along the air gap for adjusting a load capacity of the vibration isolator.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: NOE | Phase: ICT-2007.1.4 | Award Amount: 4.08M | Year: 2008

ECRYPT II is a NoE in the area of cryptology with a duration of 54 months. Cryptology is the science that studies mathematical techniques in order to provide secrecy, authenticity and related properties for digital information including the secure implementations of these techniques. It is an interdisciplinary research area with a high strategic impact for European industry and for the society as a whole. It is a fundamental enabler for secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures. The ECRYPT II research roadmap is motivated by the changing environment and threat models in which cryptology is deployed, by the gradual erosion of the computational difficulty of the mathematical problems on which cryptology is based, and by the requirements of new applications and cryptographic implementations. Its main objective is to ensure a durable integration of European research in both academia and industry and to maintain and strengthen the European excellence in these areas. In order to reach this goal, 11 leading players propose to integrate their research capabilities within three virtual labs focusing on symmetric key algorithms, public key algorithms and protocols, and hardware and software implementation. They will be joined by more than 20 adjoint members to the network who will closely collaborate with the core partners. ECRYPT II plans to build on an expand the integration activities developed within ECRYPT that include joint workshops, exchange of researchers and students, development of common tools and benchmarks and a website and forum which will be a focal point for the network and the wider cryptographic community. Spreading activities will include a training program, a substantial contribution towards standardization, bodies and an active publication policy. The project team has the critical mass and breadth to address the key questions in these areas.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.8.2 | Award Amount: 6.51M | Year: 2010

Quantum entanglement has the capacity to enable disruptive technologies that solve outstanding issues in: - Trust, privacy protection, and security in two- and multi-party transactions; - Novel or enhanced modes of operation of ICT devices; - Reference standards, sensing, and metrology. The development of entanglement-based strategies addresses these challenges and provides the foundations for quantum technologies of the 21st century. The practical exploitation of entanglement requires groundbreaking levels of robustness and flexibility for deployment in real-world environments. This ambitious goal can be reached only through radically new designs of protocols, architectures, interfaces, and components. Q-ESSENCE will achieve this by a concerted application-driven effort covering relevant experimental, phenomenological, and fundamental aspects. Our consortium will target three main outcomes: 1) Development of entanglement-enabled and entanglement-enhanced ICT devices: atomic clocks, quantum sensors, and quantum random-number generators; 2) Novel physical-layer architectures for long-distance quantum communication that surpass current distance limitations through the deployment of next-generation components; 3) Distributed quantum information protocols that provide disruptive solutions to multiuser trust, privacy-protection, and security scenarios based on multipartite entanglement. These outcomes will be reached through the underpinning science and enabling technologies of: light-matter interfaces providing faithful interconversion between different physical realizations of qubits; entanglement engineering at new scales and distances; robust architectures protecting quantum information from decoherence; quantum information concepts that solve problems of limited trust and privacy intrusion. The project builds on the outstanding expertise of the consortium demonstrated by pioneering works over the past decades, enhanced by a strong industrial perspective.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DS-03-2015 | Award Amount: 6.07M | Year: 2016

Critical infrastructures (CI) rely on complex safety- and security-critical ICT systems placed into unpredictable environments and forced to cope with unexpected events and threats while exhibiting safe adaptive behavior. Recent security trends stress continuous adaptation to increase attacker work factor and to confound reverse-engineering. Critical CI systems must undergo extensive and costly scrutiny under diverse certification regimes. Improved, effective and affordable development and certification methods are essential. CITADEL will provide innovative platform technology, methodology and tools for development, deployment, and certification of adaptive MILS systems for CI, to be demonstrated in three industrial CI use cases. The solution enables robust and resilient CI through monitoring and adaptive self-healing mechanisms that respond to natural and malicious occurrences by intelligently reconfiguring hosts, functions, and networks, while maintaining essential functions and defences. CITADEL is based on MILS, an approach featuring modular construction and compositional assurance, reducing the time and cost for development, certification, and maintenance of dependable systems. The MILS platform, based on a separation kernel, manages physical resources while establishing and enforcing a verified application architecture. Leveraging advances from the D-MILS and EURO-MILS projects, CITADEL will extend the MILS approach by adding dynamic reconfiguration to the MILS platform, and Monitoring and Adaptation Systems enabling resilience to adversity while preserving vital system properties. CITADEL supports certification of Adaptive MILS systems by analyzing configuration change mechanisms, adaptation system, configuration properties, and configuration change policies with automated verification tools, and by providing an innovative runtime evidence management agent to automatically generate up-to-date certification assurance artifacts as the system adapts.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.84M | Year: 2015

MUltiSectoral Integrative approaches to CArdiac care MUSICA - is proposed by a team of universities, companies and hospitals from 4 EU countries (Italy, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Belgium). The main scope of MUSICA is to structure a new trans-sectoral and multidisciplinary network capable of developing research and technology with no barriers between academia, industries and clinicians in the cardiac arena, and of shaping young researchers with a novel and truly multidisciplinary mindset, capable of developing clinical- and business-oriented technology including tools for the advancement of base knowledge. MUSICA activity will impact on the field of cardiac surgery in three ways: i) from a scientific standpoint, new knowledge will be gained regarding the response of tissues to their surgical reshaping, to the implantation of devices and to drugs; ii) from a technological standpoint, new technologies will be developed to improve the design and generation of new clinical solutions, the clinical training, and image-based diagnosis and prognosis; iii) from an educational standpoint, a new paradigm of PhD track will be implemented, which will combine academic research in the field of biomedical engineering with industrial research activities and with on-the-field activity within clinical infrastructures. This novel PhD track will be accessed by 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) recruited in the project by universities (7) and companies (8).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.81M | Year: 2015

As wind energy is considered one of the most promising renewable energy resources, energy production technologies relying on wind energy are currently flourishing under the EU ambitious plan for 2020. Market demands to prepare a generation of researchers within the EU that are able to face the challenge of fulfilling the EU ambitious plan, to sustain the production of wind energy and to innovate and promote wind energy systems (WES) for the future needs, are clearly met in AEOLUS4FUTURE. The primary research aim is to develop a sustainable WES for a variety of EU needs. There are a number of detailed scientific and technical issues that will be addressed by the project starting from identifying the wind energy potential (off-shore and on-shore, including the built environment) to the design of a sustainable and highly efficient WES. Also the new challenging load conditions imposed on wind farms located on places where existing type of wind turbine towers are not suitable require the development of new type of support structures for wind energy converters. This fosters new structural concepts taking advantage of high performance materials e.g. high strength steel and novel maintenance free fasteners. In addition, while most research efforts and practical applications of wind energy have focused on large-scale wind installations in remote offshore or onshore areas, much less attention has been given to wind energy installations near buildings. The project has a major training aim to create technical experts who will be able to lead the necessary industrial developments in the WES, and have a broad overview of a new and emerging multi-disciplinary field. The project will thus enable a number of young scientists and engineers to obtain high level training in various technical aspects of the problem, to gain an overall understanding of how this work fits into the wider EU Directives and plans for the future and in doing so to improve their career prospects.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.70M | Year: 2015

VPH-CaSE is focused on state-of-the-art developments in personalised cardiovascular support, underpinned by simulation and experimentation, building on the foundations of the Virtual Physiological Human (VPH) Initiative. The Individual Research Projects of 14 ESRs provide knowledge exchange across three research clusters (i) Cardiac tissue function and cardiac support (ii) Cardiovascular haemodynamics - pathology and intervention (iii) Image-based diagnosis and imaging quality assurance. The work will be directed by the needs of industrial and clinical Beneficiaries and Partners, providing a truly multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral environment for the ESRs. This will combine the expertise of nine core Beneficiaries (5 academic, 4 industrial) and 10 Partners (5 clinical, 4 industrial, 1 academic) to provide scientific support, secondments and training. VPH-CaSE will foster the development of ESRs within a collaborative environment. The recruited researchers will find themselves in an enviable position to leverage the expertise of a strategic sector of the European medical devices/simulation industry and engage with the issues faced by clinical experts in the domain of cardiac medicine and cardiovascular support. Their postgraduate studies will be informed by a translational bias that delivers a competitive skill-set, equipping them to address the challenges presented by a career at the cutting edge of technological innovation in healthcare delivery. The inclusion of a technology translation SME within the consortium is designed to promote the delivery of novel, tangible research outputs, providing benefits to a breadth of European sectors (eg. biomedical, clinical, VPH). The ultimate vision is the production of VPH-capable scientists with experience of tight integration of academic/industrial/clinical areas, able to apply their skills to real life scenarios, accelerating the acceptance of innovative and effective healthcare in the clinic.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.5.3 | Award Amount: 12.29M | Year: 2008

Nearly four million osteoporotic bone fractures cost the European health system more than 30 billion Euro per year. This figure could double by 2050. After the first fracture, the chances of having another one increase by 86%. We need to prevent osteoporotic fractures. The first step is an accurate prediction of the patient-specific risk of fracture that considers not only the skeletal determinants but also the neuromuscular condition. The aim of VPHOP is to develop a multiscale modelling technology based on conventional diagnostic imaging methods that makes it possible, in a clinical setting, to predict for each patient the strength of his/her bones, how this strength is likely to change over time, and the probability that the he/she will overload his/her bones during daily life. With these three predictions, the evaluation of the absolute risk of bone fracture will be much more accurate than any prediction based on external and indirect determinants, as it is current clinical practice. These predictions will be used to: i) improve the diagnostic accuracy of the current clinical standards; ii) to provide the basis for an evidence-based prognosis with respect to the natural evolution of the disease, to pharmacological treatments, and/or to preventive interventional treatments aimed to selectively strengthen particularly weak regions of the skeleton. For patients at high risk of fracture, and for which the pharmacological treatment appears insufficient, the VPHOP system will also assist the interventional radiologist in planning the augmentation procedure. The various modelling technologies developed during the project will be validated not only in vitro, on animal models, or against retrospective clinical outcomes, but will also be assessed in term of clinical impact and safety on small cohorts of patients enrolled at four different clinical institutions, providing the factual basis for effective clinical and industrial exploitations.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.1.4 | Award Amount: 3.46M | Year: 2008

It is a well-known fact that collaborative supply chain management and planning reduces overall costs. Nevertheless it is not being exploited due the fact that partners are reluctant to share the necessary, but sensitive data. This is due to inherent risks associated with exposing this private data. This project proposes to use secure computation to overcome this data sharing problem in supply chain management and enable the secure collaboration and interoperation of supply chain partners to gain the advantages of knowledge-based collaborative supply chain planning, forecasting, benchmarking and management. We are extending existing techniques to more elaborate theoretical settings: first for the use case of an airplane manufacturing organization where several mutually distrustful SMEs need to collaborate in a partially integrated supply chain and second inter-enterprise where all companies in the supply chain are interoperating. We start by defining the requirements and necessary computations for each of the two use cases. We then extend the theoretical results to cover the cases of these computations if they do not exist already. Such a result is a protocol enabling this computation as part of a tool for generating the new knowledge of the computation result and managing the existing knowledge of the collaborating partners, such that it remains private. Based on the theoretical foundation we want to develop prototypes to evaluate the practical performance of the protocols. In parallel to the technical implementation track, the business track needs to identify the obstacles for the technology to be exploited. We need to identify the criteria for user acceptance of the technology and a benefit distribution model needs to be developed, such that all partners in the supply chain share the profit in a fair manner. The results of the business and technical track are combined when it comes to building the demonstration of the results.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.5.2 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2013

The past decade has seen a revolution in radiation therapy technology, offering exceptional flexibility in dose delivery. Image guidance during treatment ensures a reliable targeting of the dose to the tumor. This has created the possibility to irradiate the tumor with a high dose with minimal exposure of surrounding tissue. Thus an improvement in tumor control is no longer invariably associated with an increase in radiation-induced toxicity.\nNow, the capacity exists to create treatment plans that are tailored to the specific characteristics of the patient. Thus, the success of radiotherapy depends on proper personalized therapy planning and outcome prediction. However, an individualized representational model that informs on radiation therapy planning and outcome prediction is still lacking.\nThere are several modeling approaches available that have the potential to fill this gap, among them empirical, but established radiobiological models and more sophisticated multi-scale models.\nDR THERAPATs aim is to create the Digital Radiation Therapy Patient, integrating the available knowledge on tumor imaging, image analysis and interpretation, radiobiological models and radiation therapy planning into a reusable, multi-scale digital representation. DR THERAPAT will enable 1) Broad access to dose painting 2) Individualized planning resulting in more effective and safer treatment 3) Accurate prediction of Tumor Control Probability and Normal Tissue Complication Probability, 4) improve outcome, 5) provide a platform demonstrating the integration of modeling into the clinical workflow, and 6) provide a platform for the validation of the models.\nA demonstrator of this platform will be made for prostate cancer. With a second demonstrator for cervical cancer, we will show that the model can be translated to other forms of cancer. DR THERAPAT will adapt and integrate todays available tools into a digital representation of the patients health status and clinical workflow.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 1.25M | Year: 2015

The mission of ESPESA project is to strengthen the research activity and to implement a Technology Transfer&Innovation Management strategy at Centre for Applied Research in Electrical Engineering and Sustainable Development (CAREESD), established in 2010 within Technical University of Cluj-Napoca. The project will reinforce the research potential of the Centre by improving/enhancing the expertise, competences and skills of its researchers and support staff, and by promoting the collaboration with leading EU research institutions sharing scientific interests. The planned activities will contribute to the development of the market-oriented strategy of the Centre, by implementing a competitive Innovation and Technology Transfer strategy, stimulating an entrepreneurial culture and promoting a close collaboration with the industry, increasing at the same time the international visibility of the Centre.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-27-2015 | Award Amount: 1.05M | Year: 2016

The prime objective of PICs4All is to increase the impact of photonics and enable access to the advanced photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technologies for academia, research institutes, SMEs and larger companies. This will be achieved by establishing a European network of Application Support Centres (ASCs) in the field of PIC technology. The main task of the ASCs is to lower the barrier to Researchers and SMEs for applying advanced PICs, and thus to increase the awareness of the existence of the worldwide unique facility provided by JePPIX (InP and TriPleX PIC design, manufacturing, testing and packaging). The main objectives of PICs4All are: active scouting opportunities for the use of PICs; promoting the use of the PIC platforms; strengthening Europes industrial lead in the business of integrated photonics; bringing together academia to explore photonics and promote its critical importance. These will be achieved by: reaching out to potential users that are not yet aware of the benefits of PICs; organizing PIC design courses, workshops; connecting users to optical chip designers; assisting access to Multi-Project Wafer runs for PIC fabrication; actual supporting in layout design and testing of prototype PICs. All the activities are advocated by publicity e.g. newsletters, application notes and participation in conferences and exhibitions. PICs4All ASCs will actively support users in taking full advantage of the PIC-technology and its deployment in existing and new applications. For this reason it combines the two targets of an EC supported CSA, i.e. enabling the access to advanced design, fabrication and characterisation facilities, and stimulating the innovation potential of users, esp. SMEs, by supplying hands-on support in developing their business cases. All this is achieved by connecting existing PIC-development infrastructure throughout Europe and by lowering the risk at the investment stage in PIC development by enabling access to low-cost prototyping.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.58M | Year: 2013

The goal of the ADEPT program is to produce a virtual development environment for E-propulsion systems and to train and establish a multi-disciplinary research network. The ADEPT program will raise the profile and to improve career perspectives for 12 ESRs, and 2 ERs, offering a high-quality structured consortium providing personalized training opportunities in E-propulsion systems and in complementary skills (i.e. entrepreneurship). An intimate involvement in all aspects of the collaboration (research, knowledge transfer, secondments, workshops) along with an extensive training program in a wide range of fields (electromagnetics, thermal, mechanical, vibro-acoustic, control, vehicle integration of E-propulsion) will allow early-stage and experienced researchers to develop the technical proficiency and complementary skills required to make significant contributions to their professional careers. Through industry-academia partnerships, ADEPT will facilitate the uptake of scientific results in E-propulsion and industrial products and solutions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2017

To ensure a healthy environment for people living and working in buildings, research and engineering in the area of building acoustics is essential. Developments in modern building concepts, such as sustainable low-energy consuming buildings, buildings with lightweight materials and open plan working environments, as well as the need to build in extremely noisy areas, require involvement of acoustic experts in order to successfully (re)design buildings without negatively impacting upon peoples health and well-being. Taking up current and future acoustic challenges requires innovative solutions based on a thorough understanding and mastering of modern methods and tools, as well as a holistic acoustic approach involving acoustic design, products and subjective evaluation. However, in the complex field of building acoustics, research activities typically are not holistic and have become slightly marginalised. As a consequence, there is a lack of building acoustics experts. To meet the future acoustic needs of the built environment, Acoutect is constructed around two objectives: 1) Establish a long-lasting European-wide training programme on building acoustics, 2) Launch an innovative research programme. With these objectives, Acoutect will equip ESRs with skills to ensure acoustic quality of modern and future building concepts, and with excellent perspectives for a career in industry or academia within the area of building acoustics. The training and supervision to reach these objectives is offered by the Acoutect consortium composed of 5 academic and 7 non-academic participants. This consortium comprises various disciplines and sectors within building acoustics and beyond, promoting intersectoral, interdisciplinary and innovative training and mobility of the researchers within the project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-ITN-2008 | Award Amount: 2.90M | Year: 2009

We propose an innovative, multi-disciplinary and multi-centre Marie Curie Initial Training Network; MeDDiCA (Medical Devices Design in Cardiovascular Applications) focused on Cardiovascular Engineering and Medical Devices. MeDDiCA Early Stage Researchers will build a career in cardiovascular engineering founded on both skills for life (communication skills, research and project management, IP, patenting, entrepreneurship, etc.) and academic and technical skills. The ultimate aim of MeDDiCA is to form well-rounded individuals, unlocking their potential in order to give them tools to succeed in an extremely changing area. To achieve this, the training must complement the existing background of each researcher to produce researchers capable of approaching a wide range of cardiovascular engineering applications. MeDDiCA will raise the profile and improve the career prospects of researchers who are in the first five years of their careers by offering structured training in cardiovascular engineering as well as providing complementary skills (skills for life). The technical skills will be applied to the study of cardiovascular medical devices through individual research projects, employing research methods including multi-scale modelling, 3D numerical simulation, in-vitro and ex-vivo laboratory models and experimentation. A strong focus on clinical and industrial translation will provide a consistent training programme for MeDDiCA researchers. Valves and stents have been chosen as exemplar applications to focus the scientific effort of MeDDiCA. Critical to the success of this Marie Curie Initial Training Network is the engagement of both academic research groups and industry to develop a varied and complementary training programme encompassing different aspects of the cardiovascular engineering field. The proposed ITN will have significant synergies with the EU-funded VPH Network of Excellence (VPH NoE).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2014 | Award Amount: 5.78M | Year: 2015

To reach the goals of improving the efficiency of CHP systems while simultaneously widening the biomass feedstock base as well as increasing operational flexibility, the project aims to develop a full scale technology demonstrator of a hybrid power plant using biogas as main fuel in lab environment. A combined hybrid heat and power plant combines a micro gas turbine (MGT) and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The focus of the technology demonstration plant is to prove the functional capability of the plant concept, followed by detailed characterization and optimization of the integration of both subsystems. The main objective is to move the technology beyond the state of the art to TRL 4. Electrical efficiencies of more than 60% and total thermal efficiencies of more than 90% are intended to reach at base load conditions. An operational flexibility ranging from 25% to 100% electric power should be achieved. The emission levels should not exceed 10 ppm NOx and 20 ppm CO (at 15% vol. residual oxygen). The system should allow the use of biogas with methane contents varying from 40-75%, thus covering the biogas qualities from the fermentation of the entire biomass feedstock range. To achieve the objectives the subsystems MGT and SOFC including their subcomponents have to be adjusted and optimized by a multidisciplinary design approach using numerical and experimental measures to ensure a proper balance of plant. In addition an integrated control system has to be developed and implemented to achieve a reliable operation of the coupled subsystems. A detailed analysis of different European markets, economic and technical constraints in terms of biogas production potentials will clarify the regional suitable sizes and attractive performance conditions of the power plant system. To identify cost reduction potentials a thermo-economic analysis will be performed. Here, an internal rate of return (IRR) of the system of higher than 15% should be achieved over a 20 years.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.1.4-1 | Award Amount: 10.41M | Year: 2012

The BUONAPART-E project aims to demonstrate that a physical nanoparticle synthesis process can be economically scaled-up to yield 100 kg/day production rate, which is the target rate mentioned in the Call Topic. The process is simple, versatile, and reliable. It avoids chemical precursors and solvents, while fully recycling the necessary inert carrier gas, resulting in a minimal impact on the environment. The process does not necessitate external heating of the inert gas, thereby keeping energy consumption low. The main goal of the BUONAPART-E is to increase the production rate of a single basic unit in which the evaporation of the raw material is done by electric means by a factor of 10 to 100 and to implement necessary monitoring and collecting tools to ensure high quality product delivery. Experimental results as well as literature data indicate that an energy efficiency of 100 kWh/kg has been reached for a single unit. The challenge addressed in BUONAPART-E, which can only be met with new knowledge of the hitherto unknown fundamental mechanisms taking place, is to obtain an increase in the production rate, while retaining energy efficiency. The process allows for the synthesis of different materials using the same production platform. The basic evaporation unit (called hereafter the Optimal Single Unit or OSU) is a set of electrodes. A large number of these units can be placed in a single housing, contributing to the cost-effectiveness of the process. The use of many single production units in parallel, which can be thoroughly optimized and tested on a lab scale for a given material, ensures that a highly-effective scale-up of the synthesis process in terms of cost and energy consumption is possible. Further equipment, such as pumps, power supply to the OSUs and the particle collection unit, can be scaled-up as single units leading to additional cost benefits.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.5 | Award Amount: 8.44M | Year: 2013

The aim of the AU2EU project is to implement and demonstrate in a real-life environment an integrated eAuthentication and eAuthorization framework to enable trusted collaborations and delivery of services across different organizational/governmental jurisdictions. Consequently, the project aims at fostering the adoption of security and privacy-by-design technologies in European and global markets. This objective will be achieved by:\n1)\tdesigning a joint eAuthentication and eAuthorization framework for cross-domain and jurisdictional collaborations, supporting different identity/attribute providers and organizational policie,s and guaranteeing privacy, security and trust;\n2)\tadvancing the state-of-the-art by extending the joint eAuthentication and eAuthorization framework with assurance of claims, trust indicators, policy enforcement mechanisms and processing under encryption techniques to address specific security and confidentiality requirements of large distributed infrastructures;\n3)\timplementing the joint eAuthentication and eAuthorization framework as a part of the platform that supports collaborative secure distributed storage, secure data processing and management in the cloud and offline scenarios;\n4)\tdeploying the designed framework and platform in two pilots on bio-security incident management and collaborative services in Australia and on eHealth and Ambient Assisted Living in Europe; and\n5)\tvalidating the practical aspects of the developed platform such as scalability, efficiency, maturity and usability.\nThe aforementioned activities will contribute to the increased trust, security and privacy, which in turn shall lead to the increased adoption of (cloud-based) critical infrastructures and collaborative delivery of services dealing with sensitive data. AU2EU strategically invests in two pilots deploying the existing research results as well as the novel techniques developed in the project to bridge the gap between research and market adoption.\nThe project builds on existing schemes and research results, particularly on the results of the ABC4Trust project as well as the Trust in Digital Life (TDL) initiative (www.trustindigitallife.eu), which initiated this project and will support its objectives by executing aligned activities defined in the TDL strategic research agenda. The project brings together a strong collaboration of leading industry (such as Philips, IBM, NEC, Thales), SMEs (such as Bicore) and research organizations of Europe (such as Eindhoven University of Technology) and Australia (such as CSIRO, Edith Cowan University, RMIT University, University of New South Wales & Macquarie University) as well as the large voluntary welfare association (such as German Red Cross). Consortium is determined to make a sustained long term impact through commercialization, open source & standardization of open composable infrastructure for e-services where privacy and interoperability with existing technologies are guaranteed.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 3.74M | Year: 2012

Combustion instabilities represent a serious problem for combustion-driven devices, such as gas turbine engines and domestic burners. These instabilities can cause intense pressure oscillations, which in turn causes excessive structural oscillations, fatigue and even catastrophic damage to combustor hardware. In recent years, the development of clean combustion systems with reduced pollution of the environment has become a priority; however, such systems are particularly prone to combustion instabilities. There is an urgent need to understand the physical processes that are responsible so that methods to predict and prevent these instabilities can be developed. The research in TANGO is intended to address these issues. Fundamental studies will give physical insight into the three-way coupling between sound, combustion and vortices in a combustion chamber. On the applied side, TANGO will develop active and passive control methods to allow safe operation of gas turbines on a variety of fuels and operating conditions. TANGO is a multi-disciplinary project that provides training for 14 ESRs and 1 ER in fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, mechanical and control engineering, all from an analytical, numerical and experimental perspective. The consortium has been chosen so as to bring together complementary skills from internationally renowned experts from both academia and industry. The icing on the cake of this large engineering project is the number of female scientists involved: 5 out of the 9 scientists in charge are women. It is expected that this will act as a magnet for young women who are considering a career in science or engineering. The network thus addresses the EU policy of increasing the number of female researchers in Europe. In order to promote the public understanding of science, the researchers will engage in various outreach activities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-ASP5 | Award Amount: 16.68M | Year: 2014

ALMARVI aims at providing cross-domain many-core platform solution, system software stack, tool chain, and adaptive algorithms that will enable massive data-rate image/video processing with high energy efficiency. ALMARVI will provide mechanisms and support for high degree of adaptivity at various system layers that will abstract the variations in the underlying platforms (e.g., due to imperfections in the fabrication process), communication channels (e.g., available bandwidth), application behaviour (dynamic workloads, changing requirements) from the application developer. This is crucial for providing consistent performance efficiency in an interoperable manner when considering heterogeneous platform options and dynamic operating conditions. The key is to leverage image/video content-specific properties, application-specific features, and inherent resilience properties of image/video processing applications. The goal of ALMARVI is to develop: Adaptive, scalable, and parallelised algorithms for image and video processing Cross-domain system software stack with adaptive run-time system for efficient resource/power management and improved interoperability Concepts for continuous hardware and software adaptations Cross-domain many-core execution platform scalable with off-the-shelf heterogeneous acceleration fabrics like FPGAs, embedded GPUs, DSPs, etc. Design tools and methods for execution platform Industrial-grade demonstrators for multiple application use cases to validate the project results. APPROVED by ARTEMIS-JU 03/07/2015 (amendment nr 1)

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-4.0-4 | Award Amount: 15.90M | Year: 2008

The demographic changes in Europe towards an aging society will coincide with increasing morbidity of the population. European citizens need improved access to state-of-the-art medical care especially in oncology and cardiology, while keeping expenditures on healthcare affordable. New therapeutic options such as externally triggered local drug release at the diseased area hold promise to solve urgent medical needs: improved treatment with reduced side effects, fewer burdens to the patient and faster recovery after intervention. Nanomedicine, the application of nanomaterials and nanotechnology to healthcare, will enable breakthroughs in clinical practice. SONODRUGS addresses clinical needs by developing novel drug delivery technologies for localised treatment of cardiovascular disease and cancer. SONODRUGS develops drug delivery concepts where drug release can be triggered by focused ultrasound induced pressure or temperature stimuli within the diseased tissue. New drug loaded nanocarriers will be designed for tailored drug delivery systems that respond to either of the two stimuli. Medical imaging, i.e. magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound imaging, will be used to guide, follow and quantify the drug delivery process. Therapy efficacy using different drug delivery systems will be assessed in vitro and subsequently in preclinical studies. Starting form research on a broad range of materials and drugs, two nanocarriers will be finally selected, optimized and produced on a pilot scale in combination with image-guided delivery tools and methods. SONODRUGS binds expertise in materials research (Philips, TUE, GhentRGN, HBBG); material production (Nanobiotix, Lipoid); clinical knowledge in oncology (UTours, HBBG) and cardiology (UKB); in vitro and preclinical validation (UTours, ErasmusMC, UKB); research on imaging techniques (UCY, Philips, IMF); pharmacokinetics, toxicology and biodistribution (ULSOP, IPT).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.3.7 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2008

Control for coordination of distributed systems is motivated by the case studies of control for underwater vehicles, for aerial vehicles, for a road control and communication network, for automated guided vehicles, and for complex machines. The research thrust is in control design and control synthesis. In particular, control synthesis of a global coordinator of a distributed system, in communication for control, in informatics for control, and in tools for control design. Control design for the case studies based on the research thrust will form the main effort of the project and will be disseminated to the user partners. The contribution to the European Commission Work Program are in control of large-scale complex distributed systems (ICT-2007.3.7.(c)). The expected impacts are in: - enabling low cost monitoring for the environment and natural resources by underwater and aerial vehicles, - new services and applications for new markets in particular for automated guided vehicles at container terminals, control and communication networks on motorway networks; and - improved performance of distributed systems for control and communication on motorway networks, of complex machines, and of underwater and aerial vehicles. The consortium consists of five user partners and eight academic partners which combined have a very wide and very deep expertise in the many topics required for the proposed project.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2013-1-SAGE-06-004 | Award Amount: 1.29M | Year: 2013

The SAGE6 demonstration project aims to develop and mature a lean burn combustion system. An essential enabler to development of such technology is an accurate and reliable computational tool for prediction of emissions. Lean burn provides significant benefits in terms of NOx emissions. However, the emissions of CO, UHC and soot limit the operation of the combustor at different conditions. Reliable predictions of emission trends will lead to optimised combustor designs in a cost effective way. Todays capabilities, however, are still inadequate to produce accurate and reliable predictions in direct support of lean burn system design. The DREAMCODE project aims to develop and improve computational methods that can be used in the design process of low emission combustors. Improved models and methods will be developed to predict emissions accurately and reliably. To that end, the following essential elements of a CFD combustion emission tool will be considered: 1. Detailed chemistry models for jet fuel surrogates are necessary to describe the complicated chemical processes of fuel oxidation and emission formation in the gas phase. 2. Soot models are indispensable to describe the complex physical and chemical phenomena of soot particle formation. 3. Chemistry reduction methods are inevitable to reduce the computational cost of the complex chemistry model for application in CFD codes. 4. Spray break-up models are necessary to model the liquid fuel break-up, which has a dramatic effect on emissions. 5. Turbulence-chemistry interaction models have to account for the effects that occur on length scales which cannot be resolved by the computational mesh. These 5 models will be improved and integrated in a CFD code for the validation on real aero engine gas turbine combustors.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CSA-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.5.5 | Award Amount: 1.21M | Year: 2013

Although many predictions for the hydrogen economy in the last decade have proven optimistic, the maturity of it is now increasingly evident by the substantial investments in R&D, demonstration and industrialisation made by public and private institutions in Europe. The USA and Japan are leading the hydrogen based energy infrastructure, becoming a mainstream solution for societys need to transition to clean, renewable and widely available energy sources. To ensure that non-technical barriers to the deployment of Fuel Cell and Hydrogen (FCH) technologies are properly addressed, the H2TRUST project has been created by a team of highly experienced and qualified industry and academic experts with the following objectives: - Assess industry efforts to assure FCH technology is safe and that there is an adequate regulation, hazard awareness, incident readiness and ability to respond to public concerns. - Hazard and risk assessment in the FCH industry in each of the main application areas (H2 Production, Storage and Distribution, Mobility and Vehicles, Non-vehicles and residential power generation). - Systematically map safety issues and assess how they are addressed. - Compile information demonstrating safety due diligence and best practices. - Seek input from previous, on-going and upcoming Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) demonstrations and pre-normative and training projects and from similar international activities. - Make recommendations for further safety efforts by FCH community. - Develop communications network to manage public reaction to incidents and give documented responses. - Disseminate the results so as to create a long lasting culture of safety practices in the industry and a legacy of tools and knowledge serving to reinforce best practices and assure public confidence. H2TRUST is a response to the FCH JU call for proposals in their Annual Implementation Plan of 2012, page 101(Topic SP1-JTI-FCH.2012.5.5: Assessment of safety issues related to fuel cells and hydrogen applications).

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: ICT-2013.11.1 | Award Amount: 5.40M | Year: 2013

Through the ENIGMA project, 5 cities from Sweden, Finland, Italy,The Netherlands and Norway will initiate a joint Pre-Competitive Procurement process leading to the procurement of innovative solutions and radical improvements for these and other cities urban safety and energy efficiency using next generation ICT applications in the context of innovative public lighting systems in part of their city fabric. They will be working with and supported by a range of knowledge and networking partners.ENIGMA will bring together procurers and experts from 9 European countries as well as a wider group of associate cities and partners from several more EU member states to learn and contribute to the PCP process. The project aims at bringing radical improvements to the quality and efficiency of public services (local and national) by supporting the development and validation of breakthrough solutions through a joint Pre-Commercial Procurement process.This objective will be reached through the following types of activities:1. Joint analytical and learning activities related to the PCP process and procedures, and2. The development of new, innovative ICT solutions finding their application in public lighting application with a view to enhance urban safety and improve energy consumption, procured through a joint transnational PCP process;3. Networking, coordination and EU wide awareness raising activities related to PCP.ENIGMA will focus on PCP in connection to the theme of lighting. Solutions for urban public lighting applications will be linked to the following sub-themes, both important societal challenges in European cities today, each of which will be addressed through a series of different project activities: Security and urban safety Energy efficiencyThe project will cover the full PCP life cycle of solution design, prototyping, and original development of a limited volume of products/services in the form of a test series executied in the 5 pilot cities.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2015

A fundamental challenge in design research today is to define the design programs that suggest how we can turn our days scientific knowledge and technical development into design for new forms of living that will provide foundations for a more sustainable way of life. Through a cross-disciplinary and cross-national network in architecture, textiles and interaction design the consortium will build and train a new research community to take on this challenge in practice based design research from a broader perspective, in collaboration between academia and the private sector, combining areas of design where Europe by tradition have a very strong position. The proposed ArcInTex ETN aims to strengthen the foundations of design for new forms of more sustainable ways of living by connecting architecture, textiles and interaction design in a training network for Early stage researchers. Deepening connections between textile, architectural and interaction design will open up for new reflective foundations of the design for living in an age of technological innovations, designing for adaptive and responsive environments connecting the scales of the body, the interior and the building. By a combination of in depth specialization, collaborative project work training and company internship, the ESRs of the network will form a highly trained avant-garde ready to take on fundamental challenges both in academia and in the private sector building their work practice on new ideas of material thinking and design thinking with emphasis on sensitive design expressions for reflective living. By strong focus on practice based design research the ETN will contribute to further establish design research at a level similar to that of engineering science in areas of special importance for the design of our future ways of living, which is crusial for academia and private sector collaboration in the given areas of design research.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.3.2 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2013

Photonics is a key innovation driver in many research and application areas like telecommunications, lighting, entertainment, laser-assisted manufacturing and sensors. Europe is a leading actor in the photonics sector, responsible of 20,3%, of the global production\nIt is paramount to create a solid framework and virtual infrastructure, foster the competitiveness and global leadership of the EU photonic industry and contribute to the creation of growth and jobs in Europe, whilst raising, at the same time, the awareness of the importance of photonics by all stakeholders, including industry, academia and wider public.\nHowever, as of 2013, the picture of the EU photonics clusters is relatively negative, in particular: i) academia and industry face difficulties in networking efficiently; ii) there is inability and a lack of ambition in extending targets and cooperation; iii) important actors are missing in the value chain; iv) clusters roles and activities are still non-uniform and are fragmented at the regional and national levels.\nThe Light Jumps project stems from the need to overcome present difficulties and the need to establish a coherent European framework for supporting industry to tap into and exploit the vast opportunities of photonic technologies in wide range of application areas.\nThe Light Jumps project will connect photonic clusters, enabling technologies and stakeholders (research partners and SMEs), with clusters and stakeholders in specific application areas, as such bridging communities and help overcoming fragmentation. Light Jumps will build and market-test a unified and structured industry-driven classification scheme, knowledge framework, support methodologies, interlinked communities and web-based tools to harness the potential of EU companies.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.3 | Award Amount: 9.78M | Year: 2010

COSMIC advances the state-of- the- art of complementary organic circuits, i.e. circuits combining n-type and p-type organic thin film transistors (OTFTs). The project comprises extensive research on technology, circuit design, OTFT modeling and characterization. The technology effort includes material and printing processes co-development (incl. LC polymers) and focuses on large area and highly productive in-line compatible processes. COSMICs research will strongly contribute to advancement of the scientific knowledge in organic electronics. The use of complementary transistors will enable major breakthroughs in performance and application potential of OTFT circuits.\nComplementary digital circuits show much lower power consumption and highly improved noise margin, which enables higher circuit complexity, improves fabrication robustness compared to p-type-only circuits and lowers power consumption. These advantages are expected to result in major breakthroughs in performance and fabrication of organic electronics .\nThe availability of complementary devices will also enable the design of analogue circuits using OTFTs, a basically unexplored field at the moment. In COSMIC an analogue to digital converter coupled to a temperature sensor will be demonstrated, showing for the first time the potential of OTFTs in the sensors and actuator market. A silent authentication tag comprising a first organic RF receiver will also be build, to show organic electronics potential in the field of item-level, secure tracking of goods. Additionally the RF interface will be combined with a sensor application to demonstrate remote sensing in the Smart Objects area\nAll COSMIC applications are of direct relevance to the industrial partners within the consortium and demonstrate the capability of organic complementary technology to generate value for the European industry at large.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-23-2014 | Award Amount: 3.27M | Year: 2015

EurEyeCase combines cuttingedge European robotic technology and creates an integrated setup for the very challenging use case of vitreoretinal eye surgery. Nowadays, a selected number of highlyskilled ophthalmologists are treating large numbers of patients that suffer from various types of vitreoretinal eye diseases. The majority of these intraocular interventions lie on or even beyond the boundaries of human skills as they pose extreme requirements in terms of manipulation and positioning precision. As a result, current treatments are characterized by moderate success rates and even an inability to adequately treat some common diseases. As a consequence, a large group of patients is left untreated or receives suboptimal treatment only. Robotic technology can and is likely to put an end to the current statusquo. Starting from existing hardware, knowledge and IP and in close collaboration with medical partners, EurEyeCase will build up and validate a convincing robotassisted operation suite, which will help surgeons in treating a selection of particular demanding vitreoretinal procedures including the treatment of retinal vein/artery occlusion through cannulation and epiretinal membrane treatment. Current laboratory setups will be studied in detail, augmented and tailored for successful integration into the surgical workflow. Novel sensing technologies will be further developed and integrated with advanced control methods to deliver unprecedented levels of safety and performance. In-depth evaluation of the setup in different directions, i.e, performance, usability and clinical relevance, as well as the first steps to transfer the most challenging developments to the next phase of product development are key aspects of the project. EurEyeCase will demonstrate how medical robotics technology can boost success rates of urgent and critical surgical interventions and paves the way for novel promising treatment methods with demonstrated improvements in patient outcome

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-2.2-3 | Award Amount: 4.08M | Year: 2008

On-board microbattery power is fast becoming essential in many of todays emerging technologies. Down-scaling in the micro-electronic industry has far outpaced advances in small-scale electrical power supplies. The absence of on-board power is a hinder to advances in many critical areas: micro-electronic devices and biomedical micro-machines. However, nano-materials and -structures provide new resources to attack the problem. MEMS devices will change our lives completely - given micropower sources. These include microsensor arrays, micro-vehicles, identification cards, memory backup, and biomedical micro-machines (pacemakers, defibrillators, neural stimulators, drug delivery systems). Insufficient power from 2D-MB configurations inspires this search for a 3D-MB using cheap and light micro-/nano-fabrication materials. We also probe whether related techniques can improve the performance of conventional Li-ion batteries. Can multicomponent assembly be replaced by a single interpenetrating nano-architectured anode/cathode element separated by an electrolyte? This would greatly cheapen conventional rechargeable Li-ion batteries for typically EV/HEV applications. Our major objectives are: Synthesis and fabrication of novel nano-architectured battery materials and MB components. Implementation in fully integrated thin-film 3D-MBs with current and power densities per unit footprint area of 70-100 Ah and 150-200 W for 50-100 reversible cycles. Implementation of at least some of these 3D-MB concepts in conventional normal-scale Li-ion battery fabrication. Proof-of-concept by showing that some 3D-MB device from the project can power both a MEMS and a medical device. The project thus establishes 3D nano-architectures, micro-/nano-fabrication approaches, and the enabling Science for a whole new generation of microbatteries.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.93M | Year: 2016

Ocular drug development has transformed from niche area to a major field in drug development in which many companies, including European big pharma has entered recently. Ocular drug development is a unique field in terms of drug targets and end-points of activity, local drug administration routes, tissue barriers and pharmacokinetics, drug delivery and formulation challenges and local toxicity issues. These issues are slowing down the development of drugs for the unmet needs in ophthalmology. The main objective of the proposal is to educate experts of preclinical ocular R&D to facilitate the success of European pharmaceutical industry and research community. This objective will be reached by joining forces of the leading European academic and industrial researchers in ophthalmology, materials science and nanomedicine, drug delivery and targeting, and systems pharmacology. We shall educate 15 Early Stage Researchers in a network where they will receive tailored, multi-disciplinary and inter-sectoral education in preclinical ocular drug development. The thesis projects are directed to the drug treatment of retinal diseases, the major challenge in the field. The proposal combines new drug candidates from the experts of ophthalmology, innovative drug delivery technologies from pharmaceutical scientists and companies, and modern in vitro, in silico and in vivo methods from various partners. The thesis projects include secondments in academic and industrial partner laboratories and course programme that encompasses the relevant fields in ocular drug development. Therefore, this proposal presents unique combination of innovation and education in the field with obvious need for such education. The ESRs and other outcomes of this project will greatly benefit the future competitiveness of European science and industry in this field of expanding importance.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2016

FBI fosters education of ESRs on an emerging, multimodal imaging platform and its translation into clinical and biological applications. In FBI, 15 ESRs are trained at world-leading European academic institutions and companies, thus forming strong interdisciplinary relations between industry, technical sciences and clinical end-users. Optical imaging has huge potential to address unmet clinical needs by combining non-invasive and real-time capture of biomedical information; thus enabling earlier onset of treatment, reduced therapy costs, reduced recurrence rates, and improved clinical outcomes. Up to now, optical modalities were applied as standalone techniques each targeting one biomarker. Recently it has been shown that diagnosis is significantly improved by combining different contrast mechanisms simultaneously in a multimodal approach, i.e., staging and grading of lesions is feasible. FBI proposes to combine a selection of modalities depending on the targeted disease. Suspicious lesions are analysed with optical coherence tomography, optoacoustic tomography, multi-photon tomography, and Raman spectroscopy to provide morphological, label-free microangiography, and intrinsic biochemical information, respectively. An important issue is the need for endoscopy: combining said modalities into endoscopes is challenging due to the integration of different imaging concepts, scanning and detection methods, and laser sources. Accordingly, there is a huge need for effectively translating these technical solutions to industry and clinics, which traditionally is restricted by lack of understanding of applications or limited knowledge of new technology. All these barriers are addressed by FBI through research and development of novel photonic components and systems, through educating ESRs in understanding clinical, biological and commercial challenges, and through developing tailored technical solutions and efficient translation of technology within a strong network.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: GC.SST.2011.7-6. | Award Amount: 2.29M | Year: 2011

Collaboration Concepts for Co-modality, CO3 is a business strategy enabling companies throughout the supply chain to set up and maintain initiatives to manage and optimise their logistics and transport operations by increasing load factors, reducing empty movements and stimulate co-modality, through Horizontal Collaboration between industry partners, thereby reducing transport externalities such as greenhouse gas emissions and costs. The CO consortium, which is made up of logistics specialists, manufacturing industry and transport service providers, has been working on the topic of collaboration and co-modality for two years and already produced a first draft of a model framework with legal and operational guidelines for collaborative projects in the supply chain. The 18 partners of the consortium in seven EU countries will coordinate studies and expert group exchanges over a period of three years, and build on existing methodologies to develop European legal and operational frameworks for freight flow bundling, (WP2) -. We will come up with joint business models for inter- and intra-supply chain collaboration (WP3) to deliver more efficient transport processes, increase load factors and the use of co-modal transport. The results of the studies and expert group exchanges will be applied and validated in the market via case studies (WP4). The aim is to set up at least four different real-life applications of collaboration across the supply chain by using road transport, multimodal transport, regional retail distribution and collaboration for warehousing activities. We will also promote and facilitate matchmaking and knowledge-sharing through CO conferences and practical workshops to transfer knowledge and increase the market acceptance of the CO results. This will be done through discussions with a High Level Board of European Industry supply chain Leaders, (WP5).

Sorama Holding B.V. and TU Eindhoven | Date: 2011-07-27

A system for generating a control signal comprises a data propagator (9) for propagating acoustic sensor array data relating to a set of acoustic measurements at a set of sensor positions covering an aperture towards a set of propagated positions to obtain propagated data relating to the set of propagated positions. A control signal generator (2) is arranged for generating a control signal based on the propagated data. The control signal generator (2) comprises a data analyzer (1) for analyzing the propagated data in a spatial frequency domain. The data propagator (9) is arranged for propagating the sensor array data in real-time and the control signal generator (2) is arranged for generating the control signal in real-time.