Tsushimi Hospital

Japan

Tsushimi Hospital

Japan

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Tokunou K.,Tsushimi Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

We report a case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the rectum in a 67-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital owing to bowel abnormalities. Colonoscopic examination revealed a submucosal tumor (SMT) in the lower rectum. However, no malignancy was found on rectal mucosa biopsy. After providing informed consent, the patient underwent transanal surgery for the SMT. Rectal MALT lymphoma was diagnosed based on results of histological and immunohistochemical examinations. According to the Lugano International Conference classification system, the present case was classified as stage I MALT lymphoma. After the operation, Helicobacter pylori infection occurred, for which eradication therapy was performed, but no further complications or recurrence occurred.


Yamamoto T.,Tsushimi Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Here, we report a case of recurrent rectal cancer successfully treated with resective surgery using the extraperitoneal approach. A 73-year-old man underwent the Miles operation for advanced rectal cancer (Rb-P, tub1, pMP, pN0, Stage I). At 20 months after the initial operation, computed tomography( CT) and magnetic resonance imaging( MRI) scans and 2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) images showed a recurrent pelvic tumor( 20 mm in diameter) located in the lower presacral region. The tumor was surgically excised. The presacral space was easily exposed by the surgical procedure using the extraperitoneal approach, and the tumor was easily dissected and resected. We conclude that a surgical procedure using the extraperitoneal approach might be effective for the treatment of pelvic recurrence of rectal cancer.


Tokunou K.,Tsushimi Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2012

We report here a case of rapidly progressing anorectal malignant melanoma. A 66-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to bowel abnormalities and anal pain. Detailed gastrointestinal examination revealed a nigrities-like type 1 tumor that occupied a semicircle in the intestinal lumen from the lower rectum to the anatomical anal canal. We diagnosed anorectal malignant melanoma from a biopsy of the tumor. For the first time, we performed abdominoperineal resection. DAV-feron chemotherapy was administered from 18 days after the operation. However, multiple liver metastases, multiple lung metastases, and multiple skin metastases appeared in the early phase after the operation. Metastases increased rapidly and the patient died 138 days after the operation.


Tokunou K.,Tsushimi Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2011

We report here a case of rectal cancer with interstitial pneumonia was successfully treated with preoperative radiation therapy. An 81-year-old man with complaints of constipation and melena was admitted to our hospital for the purpose of close inspection and medical treatment. In colonoscopic examination, we found a type-3 9 cm tumor in mainly occupied lower rectum (Rb), which developed all circumference-related stenosis. We diagnosed the tumor as Group V (adenocarcinoma) in biopsy. In abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan, the rectal tumor was directly invaded to the prostate and left internal obturator muscle. We diagnosed it to be cStage II rectal cancer (Rb) from various image findings. In addition, chest CT showed interstitial pneumonia. At first therapy, we did not perform pelvic evisceration nor chemotherapy because the patient was aged having interstitial pneumonia. We performed loop colostomy and preoperative radiation therapy (total 50 Gy). After the radiation therapy, there was a notable reduction in tumor, and a direct invasion to the prostate and left internal obturator muscle was not identified upon imaging. After the one year course of radiotherapy, we performed Mile's operation. After the operation, we did not perform adjuvant chemotherapy, but there has been no recurrence observed.


PubMed | Tsushimi Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2016

We report a rare case of esophageal carcinoma with an aberrant right subclavian artery. A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of a sense of discomfort during swallowing. A detailed gastrointestinal examination revealed advanced carcinoma of the middle thoracic esophagus. Preoperative CT also revealed an aberrant right subclavian artery (AR SA). After the second course of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (FP therapy), we conducted a transthoracic esophagectomy with a 3-field lymphadenectomy. The right recurrent nerve was not identified at the right subclavian artery during mediastinal dissection, but the non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN) was identified as going directly from the vagal nerve to the larynx during the neck lymphadenectomy. The thoracic duct ran between the esophagus and the azygos vein, terminating at the right venous angle. We were able to perform a #106recL lymphadenectomy as usual. She continues to do well without signs of recurrence 1 year later. Though ARSA is a relatively rare congenital anomaly, it must be identified preoperatively, and anatomical anomalies such as NRILN must be taken into consideration, in order that the operation can be performed safely.


PubMed | Tsushimi Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2017

We report a case of remnant pancreatic cancer after pancreatoduodenectomy that was successfully treated using chemotherapy and carbon-ion radiotherapy. A 68-year-old woman received SSPPD for pancreatic head cancer. Gemcitabine(GEM) was administered for a year as postoperative chemotherapy. One year 8 months after surgery, abdominal CT showed a 20 mm solid mass in the stump of the remnant pancreas and dilation of the distal pancreatic duct. FDG-PET revealed a solitary tumor without any recurrence. We diagnosed the patient with a solitary recurrence of pancreatic cancer. Chemotherapy (GEM)and carbon-ion radiotherapy were performed. After treatment, the lesion was not detected on CT or FDG-PET. Chemotherapy(GEM)and carbon-ion radiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer seems to be effective and there might result in a survival benefit.


PubMed | Tsushimi Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2017

We report a rare case of male hereditary breast cancer in which a sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed. A 62-yearold man was admitted to our hospital because of a palpable tumor in his right breast. Both his younger sister and daughter had had breast cancer. Genetic testing revealed a morbid mutation in the BRCA2 gene. The tumor was palpated to an elastic hard mass and had a clear border in the right DCE area. We performed a core needle biopsy and diagnosed invasive ductal carcinoma, specifically, cT1cN0cM0, cStage I hereditary breast cancer. The patient underwent mastectomy and a sentinel lymph node biopsy. Nine days later, tamoxifen therapy was initiated. There has been no sign of recurrence during the 9 months after the operation.


PubMed | Tsushimi Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2015

A 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of melena and right abdominal pain. Detailed gastrointestinal examination revealed ascending colon cancer. She underwent laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy and D3 lymphadenectomy using 5 ports. After surgery, the patient refused adjuvant chemotherapy. Outpatient follow-up was periodically performed and included blood examination and imaging studies, but she refused colonoscopy. Four and a half years after the initial operation, stool was positive for occult blood. Following colon examination, descending colon cancer was diagnosed. Therefore, the patient underwent colectomy and D3 lymphadenectomy by double incision laparoscopic surgery (DILS) using the glove method. There were no adhesions in the operation field; therefore, laparoscopic surgery was effortless. Because there were almost no adhesions following the first laparoscopic surgery, the second laparoscopic surgery for metachronous colon cancer was possible.


PubMed | Tsushimi Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2015

Herein, we report a case of esophageal cancer with lung metastases that was successfully resected after chemotherapy. A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with a middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma showing lung metastases. The clinical Stage diagnosis was T4NxM1, Stage IVb. After systemic chemotherapy with 1 course of cisplatin/5-fluorouracil (CDDP/5-FU)and 3 courses of nedaplatin/5-FU (CDGP/5-FU), lung metastases could not be detected by using computed tomography (CT). We added 2 courses of CDGP/5-FU, followed by 3 courses of docetaxel. The patient underwent esophagectomy and was alive without recurrence for 6 months after surgery.


PubMed | Tsushimi Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2015

A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of anal discomfort. A detailed gastrointestinal examination revealed both left cholangiocellular carcinoma and rectal cancer. We performed endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) for the rectal cancer. Pathological findings suggested the possibility of residual cancer after EMR. The cholangiocellular carcinoma was thought to be of greater influence on the patients prognosis than the rectal cancer. We performed left hepatectomy and caudate lobectomy. Two months after the initial surgery, we performed laparoscopy-assisted low anterior resection and D2 lymphadenectomy. Laparoscopic surgery could proceed since no adhesions were observed. Two-stage surgery can be an effective strategy for avoiding excessive surgical stress when removing 2 cancer types.

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