Kodaira H.,Tsurumi University
Journal of oral science | Year: 2013
Preformed crowns for restoration of primary teeth are used in various treatments and are essential for restoring the crowns of primary molars. However, there are concerns that mechanical, chemical, and thermal stimulation may cause release of components of such crowns. We examined systemic accumulation of heavy metals associated with preformed crowns (3M Stainless Steel Primary Molar Crowns) used in primary tooth restoration. The participants were 37 children who had visited the Pediatric Dental Clinic of Tsurumi University Dental Hospital. They were divided into two groups: 22 participants without a history of being fitted with a preformed crown for primary tooth restoration (controls), and 15 participants with preformed crowns for primary tooth restoration. Analysis of hair samples showed a significant difference in the level of the trace element Cr - an important component of the preformed crowns - between children with and without preformed crowns, but no significant differences in Fe or Ni levels. Levels of the trace elements Ni, Cr, and Fe were within allowable ranges, indicating that these minerals were not likely to be harmful.
Nishikawa S.,Tsurumi University |
Kawamoto T.,Tsurumi University
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry | Year: 2012
The localization of the planar cell polarity proteins Vang12, frizzled-3, Vang11, and Celsr1 in the rat incisors was examined using immunocytochemistry. The results showed that Vang12 was localized at two regions of the Tomes' processes of inner enamel-secretory ameloblasts in rat incisors: a proximal and a distal region. In contrast, frizzled-3 was localized at adherens junctions of the proximal and distal areas of inner enamel- and outer enamel-secretory ameloblasts, where N-cadherin and β-catenin were localized. frizzled-3 was also localized in differentiating inner enamel epithelial cells. Vang11 was localized sparsely in differentiating preameloblasts and extensively at the cell boundary of stratum intermedium. Celsr1 was not localized in ameloblasts but localized in odontoblasts extensively. These results suggest the involvement of planar cell polarity proteins in odontogenesis. © The Author(s) 2012.
Ueno D.,Tsurumi University
The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants | Year: 2012
Intravenous (IV) sedation is commonly used in dentistry. However, no report has yet been published regarding age, hypertension, and antihypertensive drugs during implant surgery and their relationship with changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate in implant surgery under IV sedation with propofol and midazolam. Medical records of 252 patients who underwent implant surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified into four groups according to their age (in years) and hypertension status: A=≤64, no hypertension; B=≥65, no hypertension; C=≤64, hypertension; or D=≥65, hypertension. Hypertensive patients were further characterized by their antihypertensive medications: E=calcium channel blockers (CCBs), F=angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), G=CCBs+ARBs, or H=no medication. IV sedation was administered in two stages. After midazolam injection to prevent angialgia, propofol was infused at the rate of 4 mg/kg/h, followed by a dose reduction. Systolic and diastolic BP and heart rate were recorded before, during, and after surgery. Systolic BP increased significantly after patients were draped in groups A, C, and D, with group D showing the most pronounced increase. Sedatives decreased BP in all groups. Diastolic BP in group F decreased significantly compared to group H after induction and before infiltration of local anesthetic. After infiltration, systolic BP decreased more significantly in group G than in group H. Intraoperative hypotension was observed in 25% of patients. The incidence of intraoperative hypertension in group D was markedly higher than in group A (23% vs 4%). IV sedation using midazolam and propofol reduces hypertensive risks during implant surgery. Nevertheless, care must be taken, especially in older hypertensive patients and in hypertensive patients on ARBs or ARBs+CCBs.
Hayakawa T.,Tsurumi University
Dental Materials Journal | Year: 2015
Tresyl chloride (2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl chloride)-activated method is an easy and simple method for immobilizing biological molecules onto a titanium surface. Tresyl chloride was directly dropped onto a titanium surface without any solvent. Tresylated titanium disks were immersed in a protein or peptide solution to give protein-or peptide-immobilized titanium. Frontier molecular orbital calculations suggested that tresylation of the OH compound improved its reactivity towards the amine groups of protein compounds. Quartz-crystal microbalance-dissipation measurements suggested that ionic interaction between the oxygen of the terminal hydroxyl groups of titanium and the nitrogen of fibronectin was important for fibronectin immobilization. Initial cell attachment was enhanced by fibronectin or collagen immobilization. Fibronectin and fibronectin-derived peptide immobilization improved the expression of specific genes related to bone formation. The immobilization of cytokine onto titanium enhanced bone formation following its implantation into rat femur defects. The tresyl chloride-activated method is useful for immobilizing biological molecules onto titanium surfaces. © 2015, Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices. All rights reserved.
Suzuki Y.,Tsurumi University
The European journal of prosthodontics and restorative dentistry | Year: 2011
This study explored the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the mucosa after tooth extraction. The PPTs of the wounded mucosa of eight volunteer subjects were observed at 7, 30, and 90 days after tooth extraction. The PPTs at 30 days and 90 days were approximately two and three times higher respectively, than those at 7 days. As time passed, the values for the PPTs after tooth extraction increased in all regions. At 90 days after tooth extraction, the PPTs are about 97% recovered compared to the PPTs of the contralateral points.
Arima Y.,Osaka University |
Harada M.,Osaka University |
Kamimura D.,Osaka University |
Park J.-H.,Osaka University |
And 12 more authors.
Cell | Year: 2012
Although it is believed that neural activation can affect immune responses, very little is known about the neuroimmune interactions involved, especially the regulators of immune traffic across the blood-brain barrier which occurs in neuroimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Using a mouse model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we show that autoreactive T cells access the central nervous system via the fifth lumbar spinal cord. This location is defined by IL-6 amplifier-dependent upregulation of the chemokine CCL20 in associated dorsal blood vessels, which in turn depends on gravity-induced activation of sensory neurons by the soleus muscle in the leg. Impairing soleus muscle contraction by tail suspension is sufficient to reduce localized chemokine expression and block entry of pathogenic T cells at the fifth lumbar cord, suggesting that regional neuroimmune interactions may offer therapeutic targets for a variety of neurological diseases. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Takabayashi Y.,Tsurumi University
Dental Materials Journal | Year: 2010
Six thermoplastic resins and conventional acrylic resin were examined to characterize their mechanical and physical properties, water sorption, solubility, flexural strength, modulus of elasticity, tensile strength and color stability. Thermoplastic resins for nonmetal clasp dentures exhibiting low water sorption and solubility offer hygienic advantages. Since they have a low modulus of elasticity and are easily manipulated, these materials make it possible for larger undercuts to be used for retention compared to acrylic resin. Not all of the thermoplastic resins tested fractured after the bending test in contrast to the conventional denture base resin, which fractured when tested beyond its proportional limit. It was also found that clinically noticeable staining may occur on the polyamide resins and polyethylene terephtalate resins.
Shimada T.,Tsurumi University
The Angle orthodontist | Year: 2010
OBJECTIVE: To find current high-quality evidence for orthodontic practice within a reasonable time, we tested the performance of a PubMed search. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed was searched using publication type randomized controlled trial and medical subject heading term "orthodontics" for articles published between 2003 and 2007. The PubMed search results were compared with those from a hand search of four orthodontic journals to determine the sensitivity of PubMed search. We evaluated the precision of the PubMed search result and assessed the quality of individual randomized controlled trials using the Jadad scale. RESULTS: Sensitivity and precision were 97.46% and 58.12%, respectively. In PubMed, of the 277 articles retrieved, 161 (58.12%) were randomized controlled trials on orthodontic practice, and 115 of the 161 articles (71.42%) were published in four orthodontic journals: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, The Angle Orthodontist, the European Journal of Orthodontics, and the Journal of Orthodontics. Assessment by the Jadad scale revealed 60 high-quality randomized controlled trials on orthodontic practice, of which 45 (75%) were published in these four journals. CONCLUSION: PubMed is a highly desirable search engine for evidence-based orthodontic practice. To stay current and get high-quality evidence, it is reasonable to look through four orthodontic journals: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, The Angle Orthodontist, the European Journal of Orthodontics, and the Journal of Orthodontics.
Tashima I.,Tsurumi University
Journal of oral science | Year: 2010
In this study, quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was used to identify candidate chromosomes and for detecting the regions that include the gene or genes causing gutter-shaped root (GSR) in AKXL recombinant inbred mouse strains. One potential QTL was detected on chromosome 5 within a region of 13.0 cM, where the likelihood ratio statistic (LRS) score was higher than a suggestive level. This indicates that one of the candidate genes causing mouse GSR may be located in this region.
Gomi K.,Tsurumi University
Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985) | Year: 2010
Several kinds of functional water are used in the fields of food hygiene and medicine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate both the disinfection and cytotoxic effects of functional water in comparison with commonly used root canal irrigants such as sodium hypochlorite solution and hydrogen peroxide solution. Three kinds of functional water were examined: alkaline electrolysis water (AEW), strong acid electrolyzed water (SAEW), and hypochlorous acid water (HAW). The disinfection effect was studied using Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans with or without organic substance. Each kind of functional water was applied to samples, and the colony formation was evaluated. The cytotoxic effect was evaluated by mitogenic assay (MTT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity in pulp cells. SAEW and HAW showed microbicidal effects in the presence of organic substance, with an effect almost similar to sodium hypochlorite solution. AEW did not show any microbicidal effect. SAEW, AEW, and HAW at 10- and 1,000-times dilution did not inhibit the MTT assay and ALPase activity. The cytotoxicity of SAEW and HAW against pulp cells was mild compared to that of sodium hypochlorite solution. Functional water like SAEW and HAW have a good microbicidal effect under existing organic substance and are also mild to pulp cells.