News Article | April 19, 2017
SHOREVIEW, Minn., April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- TSI Incorporated, the leader in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman Spectroscopy technology, unveils the latest handheld instrument in its line of metals analyzers at the ISRI 2017 Expo and Convention (April 22-27) in New Orleans, Louisiana. The ChemLite™ Plus Laser Metals Analyzer incorporates new, high-performance hardware for identification of more base metals including iron, copper, and nickel; faster measurements in as little as 1 second; and improved limits of detection—the lowest of any handheld LIBS device on the market. The ChemLite Plus device also incorporates the same great features as the original ChemLite model, the ChemLite Laser Aluminum Analyzer, including: Class 1M, eye-safe laser technology; argon-free operation; advanced user interface; built-in cleaning mode; and the largest laser spot size. From grading scrap metals to quality control (QC) and positive material identification (PMI) applications of finished alloys, the ChemLite Plus analyzer is the handheld of choice.
News Article | April 18, 2017
With the 10th-generation Civic, Honda brought back much of what American fans of the storied compact loved through the years, as well as added a few new wrinkles—hello, Type R! But as excited as we are for America’s first ever Civic Type R, it’s the return of the hatchback body style to the lineup that makes that even possible. Having already had positive experiences behind the wheels of the Civic sedan and coupe, it’s time for us to strap our gear to the hatchback, which we tested here in its top-of-the-line Sport Touring trim level. Despite there being multiple racing series dedicated to touring cars, the words sport and touring aren’t typically paired together on vehicles you can actually buy (except for some Buicks—go figure—and grand touring is a whole other thing). That’s because touring conjures thoughts of comfort and space, while sport centers on a more dynamic driving experience, often at the sacrifice of daily comfort or convenience. The Civic Sport Touring hatchback manages to reconcile these seeming incongruities, however, combining fun to drive, comfort, ease of use, and practicality in one package. The Civic Sport Touring we tested (and the Sport, which offers a six-speed manual unavailable on this trim) does not differ much at all in its chassis tuning from the rest of the lineup, as Honda is saving the significant handling upgrades for the Si and Type R models. In fact, only two things change about the driving experience when the Civic goes Sport Touring or Sport: the steering (which has a barely quicker, 11.1:1 ratio versus 10.9:1) and its shoes. The Sport models get 18-inch rolling stock compared with the 16 inchers on the LX and 17s on the EX and EX-L Navi. All-season rubber is standard on all trim levels. Under the hood of all Civic hatchbacks lives a 16-valve 1.5-liter turbocharged inline-four engine. Although not required, premium fuel is recommended for the Sport and the Sport Touring, which both have upgraded knock sensors. Honda claims the higher octane—as well as the center-exit dual exhaust standard on the Sport and Sport Touring—will provide a tiny boost in power. Running premium, the Sport and Sport Touring with the continuously variable automatic transmission (CVT) make a claimed 180 horsepower at 6000 rpm and 162 lb-ft of torque from 1700 to 5500 rpm. Burning regular unleaded, the turbo four paired with the CVT makes a claimed 174 horsepower and 162 lb-ft at the same peak rpm, just as it does in the LX, EX, and EX-L, which have the standard knock sensor and single-pipe exhaust. Although we prefer a manual transmission for vehicles with the word sport in their names, the CVT is the only option on the Sport Touring trim. However, Honda’s CVT is one of the best currently on the market, and it is a willing partner in getting the engine to rev and is responsive to throttle applications across the rev range. In our testing, the CVT and turbo four combo powered the car from zero to 60 mph in 6.9 seconds, completed the 30-to-50-mph dash in 3.9 seconds, and ran the quarter-mile in 15.4 at 93 mph. While there are many hatchback competitors to this Civic, there are two primary benchmarks: the Volkswagen Golf and the Mazda 3. We’ve awarded both of those cars with multiple 10Best Cars awards for their superb chassis tuning, well-designed interiors, and practicality. In terms of driving feel, the Civic hangs in with those standard-bearers, and it slightly bests them in objective performance. An automatic 2016 Mazda 3 hatchback went from zero to 60 mph in 6.8 seconds and a 2017 Golf TSI we recently tested did it in 7.3 seconds. Stopping from 70 mph in 166 feet, the Civic also excelled in our braking test, with the firm and progressive pedal returning a stop two feet shorter than did the Golf (which has a reputation for strong brakes) and five feet shorter than the Mazda 3. The Civic hatchback has exemplary road manners, with quick and light steering that helps the car feel nimble. The MacPherson strut front and multilink rear suspension and well-tuned dampers keep body motions nicely in check during spirited cornering while still providing a ride quality that’s daily-driver livable. Aside from an occasional coarse note coming from the engine bay at higher speeds, the cabin is quiet and well insulated from outside noises. The EPA estimates the hatch Sport Touring should reach 32 mpg combined, but during our drive time, it achieved only 27 mpg. That’s 1 mpg less than what we recorded for the Golf and 2 mpg less than we achieved with the Mazda 3. Compared with the Civic sedan, the hatchback’s wheelbase is the same, while overall length is down by 4.4 inches. But the five-door offers 23 cubic feet of stowage behind the folding rear seats, a marked improvement over the sedan’s 15-cubic-foot trunk. Our car wore an MSRP of $29,175, with the major differences between the Sport and Sport Touring being technology and interior upgrades extensive enough to warrant a price $6200 more expensive than a CVT Sport. All Sport Touring hatchbacks include keyless entry and push-button start (as well as remote start), an eight-way power driver’s seat and four-way power passenger seat, proximity entry and ignition, navigation with voice control, and adaptive cruise control. It also gets the Honda Sensing group of safety technologies (lane-keeping assist, automated emergency braking, and adaptive cruise control), plus moving guidelines on the backup camera display, LED lighting with automatic high-beams, heated side mirrors with LED turn signals, and rain-sensing windshield wipers. But, wait, there’s more, as it also packs heated front and rear leather seats, a 12-speaker sound system, dual-zone automatic climate control, and a 7.0-inch touchscreen with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto capability. The cabin is well-built, comfortable, and offers good overall visibility, but the interior’s multiple layers, textures, and materials make for a somewhat disjointed aesthetic that might be an acquired taste. (As might be the exterior styling. Many of us dig the racer-mech-meets-practical-box look, but we understand how it may be too much for some folks.) That said, the Civic offers many of the small, practical items that mark modern Hondas, such as a configurable center console cleverly designed with multiple stowage areas and smart organization. The placement of one of the USB ports underneath the center tunnel can make for awkward reach, however. The infotainment screen splits the difference between being fully built-in and the trendier look of a standalone tablet, resulting in a design with a small empty space behind the upper half of the screen that looks like a place for dirt and dust to accumulate. Operation of some infotainment functions is a source of frustration; we’re not big fans of Honda’s volume touch slider at the side of the screen, but that can be avoided with the clicking volume buttons on the steering-wheel hub. (The Civic’s interior was designed just prior to Honda returning a volume knob to its vehicles; expect a mid-cycle update to address this flaw.) In addition, some screen menus are not intuitive, and the system lacks the ability to display functions such as audio and maps side-by-side. The screen does employ Honda’s Lane Watch system, displaying the view from a camera on the passenger-side mirror when the turn signal is activated. You can cancel this view with one touch at the end of the stalk or turn off the feature altogether; some of our drivers found it annoying when the display replaced an active navigation map. Like the Golf and the Mazda 3, the Civic hatchback is a practical machine offering a balance of enthusiast-sating driving enjoyment and laid-back cruising ability. Of those three models, the Civic makes the boldest exterior design statement and, in this Sport Touring trim, packs a load of features for the cost. Just a few points separated the three in our recent comparison test of manual-transmission models—which the Honda won—providing further evidence that the Civic has its mojo back. C/D TEST RESULTS: Zero to 60 mph: 6.9 sec Zero to 100 mph: 18.5 sec Zero to 120 mph: 30.7 sec Rolling start, 5–60 mph: 7.3 sec Top gear, 30–50 mph: 3.9 sec Top gear, 50–70 mph: 4.8 sec Standing ¼-mile: 15.4 sec @ 93 mph Top speed (governor limited): 127 mph Braking, 70–0 mph: 166 ft Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad*: 0.90 g
News Article | April 27, 2017
We can all agree that software applications can from time to time, and in most inconvenient times, surprise us with incorrect results. If one agrees with the understanding that the real world is testing our applications all the time, simply because one can not pretest the future, than the idea of having your applications to analyze themselves while running, and all the time, would not seem unreasonable. While dynamic code analysis is a well known proposition, the level of sophistication there changes a lot from technology to technology, and from tool to tool. The deciding factors on the usefulness of such tools are usually the following: does the result of the analysis require many hours (or days) to be digested by a human; how big is the overhead in application performance speed; how many false positives results does a tool create, causing unnecessary analysis of that original analysis. Thinking Software. Inc. (TSI) technology of Race Catcher™ does not provide false positive results and its overhead is practically not felt during the run of most applications. Humans Are Good in Creating Complexities. Software Can Be Taught to Decipher them. No one knows a piece of software better than the software itself. If one runs his/her applications on AWS (Amazon Web Services) platform, these are the two steps one would perform in order for the AWS account to be able to run one's applications in ARM-CM mode. ARM-CM stands for Application Reliability Management via Collaborating Machines. All the machines one would start in this mode (explained below) would communicate collected experience on the reliability of the applications they run to one's local workstation. Optionally one could run such workstation on AWS, as well. How Does One Best Ensure the Multithreading Reliability of one's New Software Release? Run it on as many ARM-Enabled VMs as one feels comfortable. The more machines one would start it on, the faster the machines would experience race-conditions hidden in the code. It does not need to be one's own software that causes race conditions. One would be able to see detailed explanations of race conditions on one's own code and on open source code, and even see if race conditions are present in other party's proprietary code. The only difference would be that the other party's proprietary code will not be deciphered. Then one's decision would be: to let them (race conditions) be, discounting them as "benign" (a dangerous proposition) or to get rid of them based on the detailed analysis provided by the Race Catcher™ absolutely automatically. Here is How one can Check Provided Here Functionality. 1. Decide whether the results should be displayed on one's local workstation (laptop) or on AWS Based Race Catcher Workstation 2. One time: Preset S3 Bucket and IAM Role for the AWS account Then, do the usual steps, where the only specifics are: Using "race_catcher" IAM role, and having TCP port 50001 enabled: A. Go to Amazon.com B. Go to Marketplace C. Search for Race Catcher D. Select Ubuntu Linux with Race Catcher Agent E. Select Continue, then Manual Launch F. Perform the usual selections of Region, Instance type, and set Number of Instances - the more instances you choose the more AUTO-TESTERS will work for you for free. G. Using "Auto-assign Public IP" in order to remotely connect to machines and to start specific applications there, unless applications are automatically starting upon starting the VMs. H. Use preset "race_catcher" IAM role. I. Make sure Security Group includes TCP Port 50001 Start applications on the created VMs. Any experienced multithreading issues will be collectively analyzed and reported to local Race Catcher™ Workstation or to one's AWS Based Race Catcher™ Workstation.
News Article | May 4, 2017
TSI Legal is fully equipped to deliver the best process serving by serving papers more quickly. Being in the business for over a decade, TS Legal has got the experience to bring to the table in everything they do. They are well equipped to deliver the best process serving in Jacksonville FL using the advanced technology to their esteemed customers every day. At TSI legal, the experts are well skilled at handling the paperwork and legal document anywhere in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico, United Kingdom, and the Virgin Islands. The process servers are efficient in executing difficult assignments to complete their clients’ work professionally. The range of services they provide includes processing papers anywhere in the nation and serving them, such as collections and foreclosure process management, summons and compliant, records retrieval, personal subpoenas, deposition subpoenas, citations, and petitions. In last 25 years, they have been able to build a huge client base exceeding their competitors. Their performance in foreclosure arena is just unparalleled. On an average, they take only 1 day to file foreclosures, whereas they can serve all defendants in 17.36 days. For 12 years, they have been providing the most prompt and efficient document serving in Florida and they are delighted that the clients appreciate their service and performance. Their online tracking system can be used to gain access to the minute status information on individual cases any time of any day. They are also experts in integrating with their clients’ process, ensuring an easy transition. The experts at TSI Legal efficiently deal with streamlined internal processes to create automation, enhancing documentation and their communication capacity with their clients. For those looking for Florida investigator, TSI Legal is the right place to come in. They are equipped with right tools for the job. If technology fails, they are equally experts in using old-fashioned field interviews to locate their subject. For further information on investigator in Tampa, visit http://www.tsilegal.com. TSI Legal was created to provide innovative and quality based solutions to the Legal Industry. This resolute focus, along with the industry’s most consistent and professional product has launched our firm into one of the most respected Legal Services firms in the industry.
News Article | May 1, 2017
"TSI is pleased to continue its partnership with the University of Minnesota to provide this outstanding aerosol short course, which includes extensive hands-on lab sessions with a broad range of the latest particle instrumentation. Equally, we are excited to offer our hands-on Thursday lab this year," said Brian Osmondson, Business Director, Research and Analytical Instruments. Participants will have the opportunity to gain a fundamental understanding of aerosol properties and behaviors and receive practical training on skills to sample, measure, and characterize airborne particulate matter in a variety of applications, while earning continuing education credits, according to David Pui, Professor at the University of Minnesota and director of the short course. Attendees will visit TSI Headquarters for hands-on lab experiments, Tuesday, August 22, 2017, during the short course. Following the short course, TSI will be holding an additional hands-on training with a variety of TSI instruments on Thursday, August 24, 2017. These sessions will provide smaller group sizes, more time with the instruments and further application conversation with TSI experts. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/tsi-to-host-42nd-annual-aerosol-and-particle-measurement-short-course-300448813.html
News Article | April 27, 2017
« HKG and Pininfarina introduce two more microturbine range extended EVs; graphene-enhanced LTO batteries | Main | Technion team devises method for on-demand H2 production from water and aluminum for aviation applications » At the 38th Vienna Motor Symposium Volkswagen is introducing a new, more fuel-efficient “Coasting - Engine off” micro hybrid system—which shuts off the engine completely—as well as a new, compact three-cylinder natural gas engine for the Polo. Volkswagen is also highlighting its spectrum of efficiency and electrification solutions all the way to further optimized battery-powered propulsion as in the new e-Golf and the coming new MEB-based electric vehicles exemplified by its series of I.D. concepts. Coasting - Engine off. In the new Golf TSI BlueMotion, which launches this summer, the system works in tandem with a model DQ200 DSG gearbox. In a speed range of up to 130 km/h (81 mph) it offers the driver hybrid-style characteristics: lift off the throttle, and the Golf can coast with the engine completely deactivated. The system reduces fuel consumption in practical use by up to 0.4 liters/100 km and compared to the current coasting function with the engine running by 0.2 liters/100 km. This new Volkswagen system adds a compact lithium-ion battery to the 12-volt vehicle electrics, with the battery supplying the electric consumer units with power when coasting. A so-called Q-diode regulates the current flow between the lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries. At the end of the coasting phase the Golf TSI BlueMotion’s engine, a highly efficient 1.5 TSI Evo, is started in one of several different ways, depending on driving speed and situation: using the starter, using the clutches of the DSG gearbox or in combined fashion using starter and clutch. New e-Golf. In the middle of the electric power range is the plug-in hybrid concept of the Golf GTE4 and at its top end the 100% battery-powered drive system, such as Volkswagen is offering in the new e-Golf. In this latest upgrade the new e-Golf’s electric motor delivers 100 kW of power and 290 N·m of torque, 15 kW and 20 Nm respectively more than before. The e-Golf now accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h in 9.6 seconds and its top speed has gone up by 10 km/h to 150 km/h (93 mph). Through improvements to the chemistry of its cells and to their structure, the capacity of the lithium-ion battery system has also been increased from 24.2 to 35.8 kWh. This results in an increase in range in the NEDC cycle from 190 km (118 miles) previously to now up to 300 km (186 miles). All-electric architecture. Volkswagen is taking on the next big step in the switch to electric power using the all-electric architecture. The first model using this completely new drive system and connectivity architecture will be launched in 2020. The BUDD-e5, I.D.6 and I.D. BUZZ7 concept cars that the brand has already unveiled give a look ahead to the great potential of the new architecture. CNG and lambda split process. Volkswagen has been represented in the marketplace with CNG engines since 2002. The new three-cylinder turbocharged engine with a cubic capacity of 1.0 liter and high torque of 66 kW (90 PS) that is being shown at the Vienna Motor Symposium is bivalent: it can be run on gasoline or CNG. In gas-powered mode it works in a particularly low-emission manner—and that applies both to CO and NO particulate emissions. The compact 1.0 TGI is a new engine specification for the small car class in the Volkswagen Group. A key factor in its low emissions is the optimum conversion of the methane in the exhaust gas. In order to bring the catalytic converter quickly up to operating temperature and keep it there, Volkswagen has developed a lambda split process. During warm running and under low load two cylinders are fired using a rich mixture and one using a lean mixture. An important component of the technology here is the so-called lambda probe with no dew-point end. Thanks to electric heating, it is able to take up its regulating function within no more than ten seconds of a cold start, even if the exhaust gas and exhaust system still contain certain amounts of condensation. Due to its chemical composition, natural gas as a fuel already reduces CO emissions if it comes from fossil sources. If, however, it is produced in a sustainable way, for instance as biomethane from agricultural waste, then looked at from well-to-wheel it facilitates a form of mobility that produces appreciably less CO . We use the term e-gas to describe synthetically produced CNG that is made out of water and CO from renewable power generation’s excess current. e-gas is ideal for making renewable power usable for the transport sector and for storing it. It is in practical terms a partner in the switch to renewable forms of energy.
News Article | February 17, 2017
According to a new market research report "Particle Counters Market by Product (Airborne Particle Counters, Liquid Particle Counters), Application (Cleanroom Monitoring, Contamination Monitoring of Liquids), and End User (Healthcare Industry, Semiconductor Industry) - Global Forecast to 2021" published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to reach USD 330.6 Million by 2021 from USD 275.9 Million in 2016, at a CAGR of 3.7% from 2016 to 2021. Browse 96 market data Tables and 33 Figures spread through 152 Pages and in-depth TOC on "Particle Counters Market" Early buyers will receive 10% customization on this report. The report analyzes and studies the major market drivers, restraints/challenges, and opportunities. This report studies the global Particle Counters Market for the forecast period of 2016 to 2021. Growing pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries, increasing spending on pharmaceutical R&D, and growth in the manufacturing industries in emerging nations are key factors driving the market growth for particle counters. The global Particle Counters Market is segmented on the basis of type, application, end user, and region. Based on type, the market is segmented into airborne and liquid particle counters. In 2016, the airborne particle counters segment is expected to command the largest share of the global market. The large share of this segment can be attributed to factors such as increasing cleanroom monitoring in the manufacturing and pharmaceutical industries and growing awareness about indoor air quality monitoring. The airborne particle counters segment is further categorized into portable particle counters, remote particle counters, handheld particle counters, and condensation particle counters. In 2016, the portable particle counters segment is estimated to command the largest share and register the highest CAGR in global airborne Particle Counters Market. The liquid particle counters segment is expected to register the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Liquid particle counters are further segmented into online and offline particle counters. The online liquid particle counters segment is estimated to command the largest share and register the highest CAGR in the global liquid Particle Counters Market. On the basis of application, the global Particle Counters Market is segmented into cleanroom monitoring, air quality monitoring, contamination monitoring of liquids, drinking water application, aerosol monitoring and research, chemical contamination monitoring, and other applications. The cleanroom monitoring segment is expected to account for the largest share of the market in 2016. This segment is also projected to register the highest CAGR from 2016 to 2021. The increasing pharmaceutical industry and rising semiconductor industry are expected to augment the demand for particle counters in these applications. On the basis of end user, the global Particle Counters Market is segmented into the healthcare industry, semiconductor industry, automotive industry, aerospace industry, food and beverage industry, and other end users. In 2016, the pharmaceutical industry is expected to account for the largest share of the global Particle Counters Market. Rising geriatric population, increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, rising consumption of drugs, and growing spending in pharmaceutical R&D is expected to augment the demand for particle counters in this end-user segment. Based on region, the Particle Counters Market is divided into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World. In 2016, North America is expected to account for the largest share of the global Particle Counters Market. This is attributed to factors such as the growing pharmaceutical industry and increasing employment of particle counters for air pollution monitoring in the country. However, the Asia-Pacific market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Factors such as the growing pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries and increasing manufacturing activities in the region are expected to propel the market growth in Asia-Pacific. Particle Measuring Systems (U.S.), Beckman Coulter (U.K.), RION Co., Ltd (Japan), Lighthouse Worldwide Solutions (U.S.), TSI (U.S.), and Climet Instruments Company (U.S.) are some of the key players in the global Particle Counters Market. MarketsandMarkets is the largest market research firm worldwide in terms of annually published premium market research reports. Serving 1700 global fortune enterprises with more than 1200 premium studies in a year, M&M is catering to a multitude of clients across 8 different industrial verticals. We specialize in consulting assignments and business research across high growth markets, cutting edge technologies and newer applications. Our 850 fulltime analyst and SMEs at MarketsandMarkets are tracking global high growth markets following the "Growth Engagement Model - GEM". The GEM aims at proactive collaboration with the clients to identify new opportunities, identify most important customers, write "Attack, avoid and defend" strategies, identify sources of incremental revenues for both the company and its competitors. M&M's flagship competitive intelligence and market research platform, "RT" connects over 200,000 markets and entire value chains for deeper understanding of the unmet insights along with market sizing and forecasts of niche markets. The new included chapters on Methodology and Benchmarking presented with high quality analytical infographics in our reports gives complete visibility of how the numbers have been arrived and defend the accuracy of the numbers. We at MarketsandMarkets are inspired to help our clients grow by providing apt business insight with our huge market intelligence repository. Connect with us on LinkedIn @ http://www.linkedin.com/company/marketsandmarkets
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2007-1.3-1 | Award Amount: 12.28M | Year: 2009
Due to their unique properties, engineered nanoparticles (ENP) are now used for a myriad of novel applications with great economic and technological importance. However, some of these properties, especially their surface reactivity, have raised health concerns, which have prompted scientists, regulators, and industry to seek consensus protocols for the safe production and use of the different forms of ENP. There is currently a shortage of field-worthy, cost-effective ways - especially in real time - for reliable assessment of exposure levels to ENP in workplace air. In addition to the problems with the size distribution, a major uncertainty in the safety assessment of airborne ENP arises from the lack of knowledge of their physical and chemical properties, and the levels of exposure. A special challenge of ENP monitoring is to separate ubiquitous background nanoparticles from different sources from the ENP. Here the main project goal is to develop innovative concepts and reliable methods for characterizing ENP in workplace air with novel, portable and easy-to-use devices suitable for workplaces. Additional research objectives are (1) identification of relevant physico-chemical properties and metrics of airborne ENP; establishment of reference materials; (2) exploring the association between physico-chemical and toxicological properties of ENP; (3) analyzing industrial processes as a source of ENP in workplace air; (4) developing methods for calibration and testing of the novel devices in real and simulated exposure situations; and (5) dissemination of the research results to promote the safe use of ENP through guidance, standards and education, implementing of safety objectives in ENP production and handling, and promotion of safety related collaborations through an international nanosafety platform.
News Article | February 27, 2017
NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Town Sports International Holdings, Inc. (“TSI” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ:CLUB) today announced the release of the annual Chairman’s letter. On February 16, 2017 Town Sports International Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) released fourth quarter and full-year 2016 earnings. For further commentary on 2016 results, please see Patrick Walsh’s annual Chairman’s letter found at the following link. New York-based Town Sports International Holdings, Inc. is one of the leading owners and operators of fitness clubs in the Northeast and mid-Atlantic regions of the United States and, through its subsidiaries, operated 150 fitness clubs as of December 31, 2016, comprising 102 New York Sports Clubs, 28 Boston Sports Clubs, 12 Washington Sports Clubs (one of which is partly-owned), five Philadelphia Sports Clubs, and three clubs located in Switzerland. These clubs collectively served approximately 544,000 members as of December 31, 2016. For more information on TSI, visit http://investor.mysportsclubs.com.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 3.75M | Year: 2016
The PEMs4Nano project (P4N) addresses the development (based on current direct injection gasoline engines) of measurement procedures down to 10nm, providing a contribution to future regulation on particle emissions, in particular in real driving conditions. The activities planned in the project will also support the understanding, measurement and regulation of particle emissions below 23 nm (with the threshold of at least 10 nm). Societal concerns for the environment include both fuel consumption and noxious emissions, as well as the awareness that meeting CO2-goals with newest technologies may also lead to the emission of smaller nanoparticles that are undetected by current certification procedures. Hence P4N has the goal to develop measurement procedures that are robust and reliable for both the development of the new engine technologies, as well as serving as a solid basis for new regulations. This has the advantage of establishing a solid content link between development activities and regulation. Two complementary measurement systems will be optimized for use in the development laboratory and for mobile testing based on current technologies. Given the numerous parameters associated with the engine (combustion and exhaust systems) technologies and measurement procedures; physico-chemical and data-driven simulations combined with optimization is proposed to establish valuable correlations between measurements made in the development laboratory and thus finally those measured on the road. PEMs4nano thus proposes a two path approach that connects tailpipe measurements with the origin and the evolution of the particles, resulting in a seamless approach from the laboratory to the field test capabilities. Investigations of particle characteristics (incl.composition, size and morphology) and their influence on successful measurements will also be carried out using various load profiles that make up real-driving to validate the application of the measurement procedure