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Incheon, South Korea

Lim E.,Ewha Womans University | Lim J.Y.,Ewha Womans University | Shin J.-H.,Eulji University | Seok P.R.,Eulji University | And 3 more authors.
Nutrition Research | Year: 2015

D-Xylose, a natural pentose, has been reported to reduce postprandial glucose levels, although its effect on lipid metabolism has not been investigated. Therefore, this study hypothesized that d-xylose, as an alternative sweetener, suppresses adipogenesis and lipid metabolism by regulating blood lipid profiles, blood glucose levels, and related gene expression in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Mice were fed a normal diet, a 60% HFD diet, or an HFD with 5% or 10% of the total sucrose content supplemented with d-xylose (Xylo 5 and Xylo 10 diets, respectively). Weight gain, food intake, and serum lipid levels for each group were measured. After 12 weeks, histopathology of liver sections and assays of gene expression related to adipogenesis and lipid metabolism in visceral fat and liver tissues were analyzed. Body weight gain; fasting blood glucose levels; weights of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues; and serum biochemical markers, including total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-/high-density lipoprotein, and total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein, were significantly lowered in the Xylo 5 and Xylo 10 groups. In addition, d-xylose supplementation resulted in the down-regulation of adipogenesis-related genes, including sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1C, fatty acid synthase, adipocyte protein 2, and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α in visceral adipose tissues. Histopathologically, Xylo 5 and Xylo 10 supplementation reduced HFD-induced fat accumulation in the liver and decreased expressions of fatty acid synthase and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ. d-Xylose supplementation also enhanced lipid oxidation by increasing expressions of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A; cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily a, polypeptide 10; and acyl-CoA oxidase. In conclusion, our finding suggests that d-xylose may help prevent or attenuate the progression of obesity-related metabolic disorders by alleviating adipogenesis and dyslipidemia and improving lipid oxidation. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source


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Trademark
Creste Llc and Ts Ltd. | Date: 2010-02-09

Cinematographic films featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; cinematographic film strips featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; downloadable electronic audio files, video files, multimedia files, text files, and publications, namely, books recorded on computer media, featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics, digital recording, namely, pre-recorded DVDs, high-definition DVDs, CDs, and interactive CD-ROMs, featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; laser-readable and optical discs, featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; magnetic recording, namely, floppy discs and videocassette tapes, featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; magneto-optical recordings, namely, pre-recorded DVDs and compact discs, featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; pre-recorded flash memory cards, featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; audio-visual teaching apparatus, namely, educational software for children and adults, featuring personal growth, self-improvement, self-help, inspirational, and childrens topics; amusement apparatus adapted for use with television displays, namely, video game machines; electronic game programs; interactive video game programs adapted for use with television displays; electrical and video amusement apparatus and instruments, namely, video game machines adapted for use with television displays; computer software for use in computer games and electronic games; computer programs, namely, digital game programs adapted for use with television displays; electronic game software for mobile phones; audio cassette storage containers; video cassette storage containers; compact disc, video disc, laser disc, and computer disc storage containers; application development computer software programs for personal and handheld mobile devices; parts for all of the aforesaid goods. printed matter and publications, namely, books, annual magazines, magazines, newsletters, periodicals, journals, manuals, catalogues, pamphlets, leaflets, and printed instructional and teaching materials, comic books, graphic novels, calendars, greeting cards, stationery, note pads, note cards, paper labels, posters, book covers, and book marks, all featuring artwork and articles, interviews, references, and quotations on self-help, self-improvement, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics. Entertainment services, namely, production of television programs, radio programs, cinematographic films, and theatre shows featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; production of ongoing television shows and radio shows featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics over television, radio, satellite, cable, subscription television, pay-per-view television, mobile telephone, and the Internet; rental of musical sound recordings, pre-recorded videotapes, cassettes, and discs containing theatre shows, motion picture films, radio performances, and television performances featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; production of video tapes and video discs featuring music and documentaries, dramas, comedies, and cartoons on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational, and childrens topics; educational services, namely, conducting seminars and classes featuring self-help, self-improvement, personal growth, inspirational and childrens topics; interactive entertainment services for use with a mobile phone, namely, pre-recorded voicemail messages, text messages and emails in the field of self improvement, personal growth, inspirational and childrens topics; entertainment services, namely, providing non-downloadable computer based games through a mobile device, such as a handheld mobile device or telephone, featuring information on self-improvement, self-help, personal growth, inspirational and childrens topics.


Trademark
T&S Co Ltd | Date: 2016-06-14

Suitcases, tote bags, all-purpose carrying bags, shoulder bags, carry-on bags, trunks of leather, folding briefcases, gladstone bags, book bags, wicker trunks, Boston bags, schoolchildrens backpacks, rucksacks, and travel pouches in the nature of travel bags, travel pouches for holding keys and travel waist pouches.


Trademark
T&S Co. | Date: 2016-06-14

Suitcases, tote bags, all-purpose carrying bags, shoulder bags, carry-on bags, trunks of leather, folding briefcases, gladstone bags, book bags, wicker trunks, Boston bags, schoolchildrens backpacks, rucksacks, and travel pouches in the nature of travel bags, travel pouches for holding keys and travel waist pouches.


Patent
T & S Co. | Date: 2011-12-26

A baggage lock device to halt rotation of caster wheels as the handle is retracted, and allow the wheels to move as the handle is pulled out. The device has a receptacle with a handle extendable to be pulled put. A wheel halting mechanism has a traction cord inhibiting wheel rotation by a force pressed against the wheel as operation of an operation mechanism is transmitted via a pulling force transmission mechanism having a pulled wire, a brake pad, a linking member, and means for restoring the position of the operated elements..

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