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The invention concerns a method for generating a laser beam (3) with different beam profile characteristics, whereby a laser beam (2) is coupled into one fiber end (1a) of a multi-clad fiber (1), in particular a double-clad fiber, and emitted from the other fiber end (1b) of the multi-clad fiber (1) and whereby, to generate different beam profile characteristics of the output laser beam (3), the input laser beam (2) is electively coupled either at least into the inner fiber core (4) of the multi-clad fiber (1) or at least into at least one outer ring core (6) of the multi-clad fiber (1), as well as a corresponding arrangement (10).


This disclosure relates to a device for monitoring the alignment of a laser beam, comprising: a detector having an opening for passage of the laser beam, at least two temperature sensors which are mounted on the detector, and a temperature monitoring device which is connected to the at least two temperature sensors, for monitoring the alignment of the laser beam relative to the opening. The at least two temperature sensors have a temperature-dependent resistance which either increases as the temperature increases or decreases as the temperature increases, and the at least two temperature sensors are connected in series with the temperature monitoring device. This disclosure relates also to an EUV radiation generating apparatus which has at least one device as described above for monitoring the alignment of a laser beam.


Patent
TRUMPF Laser und Systemtechnik GmbH and Trumpf Sisma S.r.l. | Date: 2017-02-08

A method for radiation based additive manufacturing of a three-dimensional object (1) from powdered material (27) is disclosed, wherein a plurality of layers (N-1, N, N+1, N+2) of the powdered material (27) are provided in a layer providing direction (Z) and are irradiated layer by layer, and the plurality of layers (N-1, N, N+1, N+2) comprises an overhang layer (N, N+1, N+2) with a core region (9) and a down-skin region (11) for forming a core portion (3) and an overhang portion (5) of the manufactured three-dimensional object (1), respectively, the core region (9) extending in the layer providing direction (Z) on top of an irradiated region of a directly preceding layer (N-1, N, N+1) and the down-skin region (11) extending on top of a previously nonirradiated region of the directly preceding layer (N-1, N, N+1). The method comprises generating the directly preceding layer (N-1, N, N+1) of the overhang layer (N, N+1, N+2), and generating the overhang layer (N, N+1, N+2) by providing a core energy density into the core region (9) at least up to a preset distance from a transition (7) to the down-skin region (11), and providing a slope depending overhang energy density into down-skin micro-regions (69) of the down-skin region (11), wherein the slope depending overhang energy density differs from the core energy density by a down-skin reduction that depends on an extent (15) of the respective down-skin micro-region beyond the respective core region (9) of the directly preceding layer (N-1, N, N+1).


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2012-4 | Award Amount: 18.22M | Year: 2013

The overarching goal of AMAZE is to rapidly produce large defect-free additively-manufactured (AM) metallic components up to 2 metres in size, ideally with close to zero waste, for use in the following high-tech sectors namely: aeronautics, space, automotive, nuclear fusion and tooling. Four pilot-scale industrial AM factories will be established and enhanced, thereby giving EU manufacturers and end-users a world-dominant position with respect to AM production of high-value metallic parts, by 2016. A further aim is to achieve 50% cost reduction for finished parts, compared to traditional processing. The project will design, demonstrate and deliver a modular streamlined work-flow at factory level, offering maximum processing flexibility during AM, a major reduction in non-added-value delays, as well as a 50% reduction in shop-floor space compared with conventional factories. AMAZE will dramatically increase the commercial use of adaptronics, in-situ sensing, process feedback, novel post-processing and clean-rooms in AM, so that (i) overall quality levels are improved, (ii) dimensional accuracy is increased by 25% (iii) build rates are increased by a factor of 10, and (iv) industrial scrap rates are slashed to <5%. Scientifically, the critical links between alloy composition, powder/wire production, additive processing, microstructural evolution, defect formation and the final properties of metallic AM parts will be examined and understood. This knowledge will be used to validate multi-level process models that can predict AM processes, part quality and performance. In order to turn additive manufacturing into a mainstream industrial process, a sharp focus will also be drawn on pre-normative work, standardisation and certification, in collaboration with ISO, ASTM and ECSS. The team comprises 31 partners: 21 from industry, 8 from academia and 2 from intergovernmental agencies. This represent the largest and most ambitious team ever assembled on this topic.


Patent
Henkel AG and Trumpf Laser Und Systemtechnik GmbH | Date: 2016-07-29

The invention relates to a method and a device for bonding two substrates, wherein an adhesive is applied to a first substrate and a second film-type substrate consisting of a thermoplastic material is converted into a plasticized state by heating before being bonded to the first substrate.


Patent
TRUMPF Laser und Systemtechnik GmbH | Date: 2016-08-23

A laser machining head includes a focusing optical unit for focusing a laser beam in a direction of a machining zone of a workpiece and includes a cross-jet nozzle for producing a cross flow that passes through the focused laser beam transversely (e.g., at a right angle to) a beam axis of the focused laser beam. The distance of the cross-jet nozzle from the workpiece is less than 20 mm (e.g., between 8 mm and 12 mm). A nozzle body having a bottom opening that faces downward toward the workpiece is provided laterally adjacent to the focused laser beam. A protective gas flows out of the bottom opening, which is arranged below the cross-jet nozzle in order to entrain the protective gas flowing between the nozzle body and the workpiece due to the cross flow of the cross-jet nozzle so that the protective gas flows over the machining zone.


Patent
TRUMPF Laser und Systemtechnik GmbH | Date: 2016-02-16

Implementations of the present disclosure include methods, systems, and computer-readable storage mediums for determining a deviation between an actual position and a desired position of a laser machining head of a laser machining machine. Implementations include actions of selecting at least two different machining positions of the laser machining head, in which a laser beam emitted by the laser machining head is directed onto a desired position of a workpiece, moving the laser machining head into a first selected machining position and forming a through-opening into the workpiece at or around the desired position by operation of the laser beam, moving the laser machining head into a second selected machining position and detecting radiation generated by an interaction between the laser beam and the workpiece, and determining whether there is a deviation between an actual position of the laser machining head and the desired position based on the detected radiation.


A plate-like workpiece having a transparent, glass, glass-like, ceramic and/or crystalline layer, such as for use in an electronic display screen, is processed into separate segments by first incompletely severing the workpiece along outer contours of bounded segments, by forming holes through the layer with a laser beam, leaving the segments interconnected at narrow connections, and then separating the segments by severing the web-like connections.


Patent
TRUMPF Laser und Systemtechnik GmbH | Date: 2016-08-10

Methods, devices, and systems for protecting a vacuum environment from leakage are provided. The devices include an optical component for gas-tight closure of the vacuum environment, a retention device configured to retain the optical component and including a cooling region separated from the vacuum environment in a gas-tight manner and configured to receive a cooling medium to cool the optical component, a first part-region of the optical component being arranged in the cooling region, and a reduced-pressure region configured to have a reduced pressure and separated in a gas-tight manner from the vacuum environment and from the cooling region, a second part-region of the optical component being arranged in the reduced-pressure region, and a detector configured to detect a leakage in the optical component when the cooling medium flows from the cooling region into at least one of the reduced-pressure region or the vacuum environment.


Patent
TRUMPF Laser und Systemtechnik GmbH | Date: 2016-03-17

In a machine tool, in particular a laser machine tool, a workpiece slide or tool slide is movable along a guide rail and has at least two guide carriages that are guided on the guide rail. The machine tool has a covering hood that is moved along with the slide, for covering that rail section of the guide rail that is located between the two guide carriages. The covering hood is a part that is not connected to the slide. The covering hood is guided on the guide rail in a displaceable manner between the two guide carriages and is entrained in the displacement direction by the rear guide carriage when the slide is displaced.

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