TRoutreach Saskatchewan

Moose Jaw, Canada

TRoutreach Saskatchewan

Moose Jaw, Canada
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Bell A.J.,University of Alberta | Phillips I.D.,Troutreach Saskatchewan | Phillips I.D.,University of Saskatchewan | Phillips I.D.,Integrated Quality | And 2 more authors.
Canadian Entomologist | Year: 2017

We tested the applicability of the “passive sampling” hypothesis and theory of island biogeography (TIB) for explaining the diversity of forest-dwelling carabid assemblages (Carabidae: Coleoptera) on 30 forested islands (0.2–980.7 ha) in Lac la Ronge and the adjacent mainland in Saskatchewan, Canada. Species richness per unit area increased with distance to mainland with diversity being highest on the most isolated islands. We detected neither a positive species-area relationship, nor significant differences in species richness among island size classes, or between islands and the mainland. Nonetheless, carabid assemblages distinctly differed on islands <1 ha in area and gradually approached the structure of mainland assemblages as island area increased. Small islands were characterised by abundant populations of small-bodied, winged species and few if any large-bodied, flightless species like Carabus taedatus Fabricius. Our findings suggest that neither the “passive sampling” hypothesis nor the theory of island biogeography adequately explain carabid beetle diversity patterns observed among islands in Lac la Ronge. Instead, we hypothesise that population processes such as higher extinction rates of large-bodied, flightless species and the associated release of smaller-bodied, flying species from intra-guild predation on small islands contribute to observed differences in the structure of carabid assemblages between islands. © Entomological Society of Canada 2017

Phillips I.D.,Water Security Agency | Phillips I.D.,University of Saskatchewan | Srayko S.,University of Saskatchewan | Prestie K.S.,University of Saskatchewan | And 2 more authors.
Western North American Naturalist | Year: 2017

We collected a single specimen of the giant water bug Belostoma flumineum Say 1832 (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae) during routine macroinvertebrate biomonitoring in the Souris River, Saskatchewan. This is the first record of B. flumineum in the province of Saskatchewan and represents a more northern record than the previously documented locations in Montana, North Dakota, and southeastern Manitoba.

Phillips I.D.,Integrated Quality | Phillips I.D.,University of Saskatchewan | Parker D.,AquaTax Consulting and 1204 Main Street | Hoemsen B.M.,University of Saskatchewan | And 2 more authors.
Western North American Naturalist | Year: 2013

During research on brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis [Mitchill]), we collected larval and pupal specimens of the midge Odontomesa fulva (Kieffer) (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Pine Cree Creek, in the Cypress Hills area of the Northern Great Plains of Saskatchewan, Canada. This record is the first observation of O. fulva from the province. The larvae of the population of O. fulva in this study prefer shallow pools in this first-order, cold water stream. The species displays a univoltine emergence phenology. This range extension of O. fulva highlights and reinforces the importance of the Cypress Hills to the unique aquatic faunal biodiversity and ecology of Saskatchewan and the Northern Great Plains.

Bell A.J.,TRoutreach Saskatchewan | Phillips I.D.,TRoutreach Saskatchewan | Phillips I.D.,University of Saskatchewan | Phillips I.D.,Integrated Quality | And 4 more authors.
Environmental Entomology | Year: 2014

Captures of insects in pitfall traps are affected by features of trap design that may confound the interpretation of data. One such feature is a lid suspended over the opening of the trap to exclude debris and rainwater. In this study, we tested whether use of these lids affected captures of carabid beetles by altering the light conditions at the opening to the trap. In one experiment, we examined the effects of lid transparency (opaque, semitransparent, or transparent) on catch rates. In a second experiment, we manipulated the heights (high, medium, or low) of vegetation adjacent to the traps to test for lid transparency and vegetation height interactions. We found that significantly more carabids were captured with use of transparent lids compared with other lid transparencies. Fewest Agonum cupreum Dejean, 1831, were captured with use of opaque lids. No other effects were detected. Given these results, we advocate the use of transparent lids, which provide the benefits of traditional opaque lids while minimizing the effects of lid use on light conditions at the opening to the trap. © 2014 Entomological Society of America.

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