Triveni Institute of Dental science

Bilāspur, India

Triveni Institute of Dental science

Bilāspur, India
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Nishad S.G.,Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College | Kumar A.,Bhagwan Mahavir Medical Superspeciality Hospital | Sepolia S.,Indira Gandhi Government Dental College | Sepolia G.,Institute of Dental science | And 2 more authors.
Journal of International Oral Health | Year: 2016

Background: Tooth avulsion cases occurring because of these injuries require immediate treatment to restore and maintain their position and function in the jaws. Once the avulsed tooth is replanted, it requires stabilization by a process known as splinting of teeth along with natural teeth for support. Avoiding the complications forms the mainstay of treatment modalities for tooth avulsion cases. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from 2005 to 2010 of 80 patients retrospectively, reporting to the outpatient department with a chief complaint of avulsion of the permanent tooth due to trauma and accidental injuries. Only those cases of permanent tooth avulsion were included for the study for whom follow-up details of a minimum of 1 year was available. Assessment of the cases was done based on the extraoral time between the avulsion and replantation and based on the type of transporting media. Chi-square test was used to measure the level of significance. P < 0.001 was considered as significant. Results: We found that out of 80 cases of replantation, 48 showed successful results without any pathologic change or mobility at the end of 1-year follow-up. We observed that patients, in which extraoral time was minimal, had maximum number of successful replantation results on 1-year follow-up (P > 0.001). We also observed that only cases where milk was used as a transporting media showed maximum successful results as compared to other groups (P > 0.001). Conclusion: From this study, we conclude that avulsed tooth should be replanted as soon as possible for a good prognosis. Replantation not only restores functional stability but also establishes the esthetics shortly following injury.


Thimmegowda U.,Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital | Niwlikar K.B.,Nanded Rural Dental College and Research Center | Khare V.,Triveni Institute of Dental science | Prabhaka A.C.,Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2017

Introduction: Essential part of diagnostic procedures in mixed dentition analysis is to determine adequate space available for the erupting permanent teeth. Various methods of analysis for mixed dentition are available; among them Tanaka Johnston method of space analysis for children was developed for North American children and is widely used. Its reliability among different racial and ethnic groups is yet to be determined. Aim: To check the applicability of Tanaka Jhonston method and to derive the mesiodistal width of unerupted canines and premolars and also derive new regression equations for Bangalore population. Materials and Methods: Considering the selection criteria, 400 subjects of Bangalore aged 13-16 years were randomly selected and study models were prepared. Mesiodistal widths of permanent lower incisors, canines and premolars were measured. Estimated width of upper, lower canines and premolars were also derived using Tanaka Jhonston method. Data was utilized to predict mesiodistal widths of erupting permanent canines and premolars. Descriptive analysis, independent student t-test, correlation and regression analysis were carried out. Results: Measured and estimated widths of upper and lower canines and premolars were compared and the results showed that estimated widths of upper and lower canines and premolars over estimated as to the actual measurements. A new regression equation was developed by using the formula Y=a+b(X) where Y= predicted width of canine and premolars, “a” and “b” are the constants and X= lower incisal width. Regression equations for males and females were derived separately. Conclusion: The original Tanaka Jhonston method over estimated for local Bangalore population. New regression equations and prediction tables were derived for males and females separately, which should be more conveniently used chairside by the clinician. © 2017, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Triveni Institute of Dental science, Modern Dental College and Research Center and Dr Rajesh Ramdasji Kambe Dental College And Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal | Year: 2016

Endodontic instruments including the nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments produce debris and smear layer during instrumentation. The study was carried out to evaluate and compare the cleaning effectiveness of root canal preparation using three different rotary NiTi instrumentation systems - ProTaper Universal, K3 and Mtwo by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM).Thirty-six freshly extracted permanent mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups: ProTaper Universal, K3, Mtwo system and control group. The mesiobuccal canal was cleaned and shaped with rotary instruments. The intracanal irrigant used after each instrument was 3 mL of 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). After the cleaning and shaping was completed, a 1-min 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid rinse was followed by a final NaOCl rinse. All samples were decoronated. Mesial roots were sectioned buccolingually and examined under SEM at 500 magnification in three areas of root canal. Canal walls were quantitatively evaluated using a five-score evaluation scale. Statistical analysis was done using Kruskal-Wallis test, Fishers exact test and weighted kappa.Completely clean canals were not found in any of the groups. The mean value of debris score for ProTaper, K3 and Mtwo was 2.35, 2.41 and 2.22 respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the three tested groups (P = 0.237). The apical thirds of the canal was found to be significantly less clean than coronal and middle thirds irrespective of the system used.There was no statistically significant difference between the three tested groups - ProTaper, K3 and Mtwo in cleaning different regions of the canal - coronal, middle and apical.


Rohit S.,Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital | Praveen Reddy B.,Government Dental College | Sreedevi B.,Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital | Prakash S.,Triveni Institute of Dental science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Pycnodysostosis is a rare craniofacial syndrome characterized by dwarfism, cranial anomalies, diffuse osteosclerosis where multiple fracture of long bones and osteomyelitis of jaw are frequent complications. This clinical entity was first described in 1962 by Maroteaux and Lamy. This article presents two clinical cases of pycnodysostosis with their clinical and radiological characteristics. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All right reserved.


PubMed | Triveni Institute of Dental science, Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Government Dental College and Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

Pycnodysostosis is a rare craniofacial syndrome characterized by dwarfism, cranial anomalies, diffuse osteosclerosis where multiple fracture of long bones and osteomyelitis of jaw are frequent complications. This clinical entity was first described in 1962 by Maroteaux and Lamy. This article presents two clinical cases of pycnodysostosis with their clinical and radiological characteristics.


Kharat S.S.,Triveni Institute of Dental science | Tatikonda A.,Triveni Institute of Dental science | Raina S.,Dr D Y Patil Dental College and Hospital | Gubrellay P.,Crown College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Background: The prime goal of a diligent prosthodontist is to obtain adequate marginal fit while restoring lost tooth structure. The marginal fit of the restoration, in turn depends upon the geometrical morphology of the tooth preparation. Objective: To determine the effect of varying degree of convergence angle on the marginal seating of the single crown, three-unit fixed partial denture and multiple-unit fixed partial denture with pier abutment. Materials and Methods: Three dies, of same convergence angle, were placed in an arch form on a base. In this way, four arch forms were prepared for four different convergence angles i.e. 00, 60, 120, and 200. Five castings each were made for single crown, 3-unit fixed partial denture and multiple-unit fixed partial denture (FPD) with pier abutment for each convergence angle. The castings were seated on their respective dies and vertical marginal discrepancy was measured at four points for each casting with the help of an optical microscope. Results: The results showed that 200 convergence angle showed better marginal seating of the single crown, 3-unit FPD as well as for the multiple unit FPD. Conclusion: There was a possibility that the retention and resistance may be compromised with 200 taper. Hence 120 taper is suggested for crowns and fixed partial denture retainers as the marginal discrepancy is reasonable and retention and resistance is optimum. There was a high statistical significant difference in the values obtained for the different convergence angles. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Dr D Y Patil Dental College and Hospital, Triveni Institute of Dental science and Crown College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

The prime goal of a diligent prosthodontist is to obtain adequate marginal fit while restoring lost tooth structure. The marginal fit of the restoration, in turn depends upon the geometrical morphology of the tooth preparation.To determine the effect of varying degree of convergence angle on the marginal seating of the single crown, three-unit fixed partial denture and multiple-unit fixed partial denture with pier abutment.Three dies, of same convergence angle, were placed in an arch form on a base. In this way, four arch forms were prepared for four different convergence angles i.e. 0, 6, 12, and 20. Five castings each were made for single crown, 3-unit fixed partial denture and multiple-unit fixed partial denture (FPD) with pier abutment for each convergence angle. The castings were seated on their respective dies and vertical marginal discrepancy was measured at four points for each casting with the help of an optical microscope.The results showed that 200 convergence angle showed better marginal seating of the single crown, 3-unit FPD as well as for the multiple unit FPD.There was a possibility that the retention and resistance may be compromised with 200 taper. Hence 120 taper is suggested for crowns and fixed partial denture retainers as the marginal discrepancy is reasonable and retention and resistance is optimum. There was a high statistical significant difference in the values obtained for the different convergence angles.


PubMed | New Horizon Dental College, Triveni Institute of Dental science and Crown College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2014

To determine the denture hygiene habits in complete denture wearers.In this study, a self-administered structured questionnaire was developed to know the attitude of the patients from the Department of Prosthodontics regarding denture hygiene. The study sample consisted of totally 500 subjects, which included 284 (56.8%) males and 216 (43.2%) females. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 with Chi-square ((2)) test at P < 0.05.Nearly half of the subjects cleaned their dentures daily once. Participants from the younger age group and who had been wearing dentures since 2 years maintained better frequency of cleaning. The majority of these subjects used water and brush for denture cleansing. After seeing the condition, more than half of the dentures were rated as poor (60%). There was significant difference between all the groups on comparison (P = 0.001).Poor condition of complete dentures seen in the population is mainly due to irregular cleansing habits and also less usage of cleansing solutions. Dentists should give proper instructions regarding maintenance of denture hygiene.

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