Lund, Sweden
Lund, Sweden

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Kepaptsoglou K.,National Technical University of Athens | Meerschaert V.,Traject Mobility Management | Neergaard K.,Trivector Traffic | Papadimitriou S.,University of Piraeus | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Sustainable Transportation | Year: 2012

Mobility management (MM) has been among Europe's prevailing approaches for promoting and achieving sustainable transportation in urban areas, with considerable work undertaken by researchers and practitioners in this area during the past two decades. However, development of MM policies and measures in European cities does not follow an organized and consistent approach for planning, designing, applying, and evaluating a comprehensive MM-system. In that context, the objective of this article is to propose a scheme, based on quality management (QM) principles, that would aid cities in systematically developing and deploying MM-plans and MM-measures and therefore in successfully supporting sustainability in their transportation system. The developed Quality Management Scheme for Mobility Management (QMSMM) is an integrated process of four major components, encompassing policy setting, planning, implementing, and monitoring and evaluating; these components are structured in a feedback loop and supported by a set of quality criteria per component. The structure, components, and elements of the QMSMM are presented in detail, along with supporting procedures for assessing a city's adaptation and compatibility with the scheme. Also, insights on a QMSMM demonstration to the MM-program of the city of Kortrijk, Belgium, are offered. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Smidfelt Rosqvist L.,Trivector Traffic | Hiselius L.W.,Lund University
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2016

Opportunities for online shopping are transforming travel behaviour related to shopping, and they have the potential to reduce overall travel demands. This paper analyses the potential for reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from passenger transport due to an increased use of online shopping in Sweden and adds to the broader picture of what potential growing online shopping might have on transport sustainability. This paper shows that there is a sustainability potential related to more sustainable travel habits by those who shop online more frequently. Calculations indicate that the predicted increase in online shopping behaviour together with the predicted increase of the Swedish population in 2030 would give a 22% decrease in CO2 emissions related to shopping trips compared to 2012. Furthermore, if all travel is taken into account this would result in a 2% reduction in 2030 compared to total CO2 emissions 2012. The paper furthermore discusses how these results might influence transport sustainability ambitions and policies. The discussion suggests that online shopping might facilitate reductions in CO2 emissions but above all, it could act as a facilitator for implementing other policies promoting a less car dependent planning regime including shopping localisation. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


Kronsell A.,Lund University | Smidfelt Rosqvist L.,Trivector Traffic | Winslott Hiselius L.,Lund University
International Journal of Sustainable Transportation | Year: 2016

This article explores whether women can become the change agents for a sustainable transport sector and how such a change can be accomplished through transport policy. Based on the Swedish case, women still on average have transportation behavior with lower environmental impact than men have; women also tend to have stronger preferences for improving sustainability in the sector. The results imply that there are interesting behavior and attitude characteristics expressed by women that ought to be recognized and applied, e.g., through contesting prevailing norms and methods, in order to achieve sustainability goals for the sector. Altogether this suggests that women, beyond democracy reasons, should become more active as change agents to challenge the dominant male norms. Policy implications of these findings include measures to improve gender equal participation that would, e.g., make it possible to take advantage of these differences by (1) putting more emphasis on the relationships among travel patterns, sustainability, and gendering on all levels in transportation planning as a measure for improved sustainability; (2) implementing new ways of framing the problems to be solved, challenging existing norms working against gender equity and raising consciousness of sustainability issues; and (3) using gender mainstreaming to monitor policy impacts on different groups of men and women. However, today there is a lack of incentives to apply these tools. Since there is a tremendous complexity in the relationships on all levels, more research is needed together with improved dissemination of knowledge for the competence to increase within the transport sector. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Hiselius L.W.,Lund University | Rosqvist L.S.,Trivector Traffic
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2015

In the transition towards a low-carbon society, changes of attitudes and social norms are needed to support new ways of implementing technical solutions and new behaviors and lifestyles. Mobility Management (MM) campaigns have been shown to contribute to changing of mind sets, but to date these campaigns have not been recognized as important parts of a strategic transport policy plan on an overall level. A brief overview of the literature concerning MM campaigns being carried out in Sweden today indicates that the full potential of these campaigns is not being used. To make these campaigns more effective, we suggest that the campaigns should focus on social motivation and normalizing sustainable transport behavior and should explicitly express holistic views regarding climate effects. Most importantly, however, we argue that the effectiveness could be increased through more strategic and systematic use, which might require national coordination. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Hiselius L.W.,Lund University | Rosqvist L.S.,Trivector Traffic | Adell E.,Trivector Traffic
Transport and Telecommunication | Year: 2015

Online shopping opportunities are transforming travel behaviour for shopping and could potentially reduce the overall travel demand. Despite numerous studies on online shopping, only a few have taken an approach that includes trips for all travel purposes. Based on a web-survey, this paper provides results on travel behaviour for physical shopping for frequent, regular, and infrequent online shoppers in Sweden. The results indicate that frequent online shoppers make as many car trips (for both shopping and other errands) as others. Also, frequent online shoppers in total make as many trips to a physical store as infrequent online shoppers - although by more sustainable modes of transport - and that the time saved from online shopping is spent on both additional shopping trips and trips for other errands. The conclusion is that online shopping might facilitate changing travel behaviour but does not in itself represent a good stand-alone measure for reducing vehicle mileage.


Kircher K.,Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute | Ahlstrom C.,Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute | Palmqvist L.,Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute | Adell E.,Trivector Traffic
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2014

The increasing prevalence of mobile phone usage while cycling has raised concerns, even though the number of cyclists involved in accidents does not increase at a comparable rate. A reason for this may be how cyclists adapt travelling speed and task execution to the current traffic situation. The aim of this study is to investigate speed adaptation among cyclists when conducting self-paced (initiated by the cyclist) vs. system-paced (initiated by somebody else) smartphone tasks in real traffic. Twenty-two cyclists completed a track in real traffic while listening to music, receiving and making calls, receiving and sending text messages, and searching for information on the internet. The route and the types of tasks were controlled, but the cyclists could choose rather freely when and where along the route to carry out the tasks, thus providing semi-naturalistic data on compensatory behaviour. The results clearly show that cyclists use conscious strategies to adapt their speed to accommodate the execution of secondary phone tasks. Regarding tactical behaviour, it was found that cyclists kept on cycling in 80% of the system-paced cases and in 70% of the self-paced cases. In the remaining cases, the cyclists chose to execute the phone task while standing still or when walking. Compared to the baseline (17.6 ± 3.5 km/h), the mean speed was slightly increased when the cyclists listened to music (18.2 ± 3.7 km/h) and clearly decreased when they interacted with the phone (13.0 ± 5.0 km/h). The speed reduction profile differed between self-paced and system-paced tasks with a preparatory speed reduction before task initiation for self-paced tasks. In conclusion, when the cyclists had the chance they either stopped or adapted their speed proactively to accommodate the execution of the phone task. For self-paced tasks, the speed reduction was finalised before task initialisation, and for system-paced tasks the speed adaptation occurred in reaction to the incoming task. It is recommended to investigate whether the observed compensatory behaviour is enough to offset the possible negative effects of smartphone use. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Ahlstrom C.,Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute | Kircher K.,Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute | Thorslund B.,Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute | Adell E.,Trivector Traffic
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2015

Visual distraction among cyclists interacting with their mobile phones is a growing concern. Yet, very little research has actually investigated how cyclists apply visual strategies and adapt task execution depending on the traffic situation. The aim of this study is to investigate visual behaviour of cyclists when conducting self-paced (initiated by the cyclist) vs. system-paced (initiated by somebody else) smartphone tasks in traffic.Twenty-two cyclists completed a track in real traffic while listening to music, receiving and making calls, receiving and sending text messages, and searching for information on the internet. The route and the types of tasks were controlled, but the cyclists could choose rather freely when and where along the route to carry out the tasks, thus providing semi-naturalistic data on compensatory behaviour.The results show that the baseline and music conditions were similar in terms of visual behaviour. When interacting with the phone, it was found that glances towards the phone mostly came at the expense of glances towards traffic irrelevant gaze targets and also led to shortened glance durations to traffic relevant gaze targets, while maintaining the number of glances. This indicates that visual "spare capacity" is used for the execution of the telephone tasks. The task type influenced the overall task duration and the overall glance intensity towards the phone, but not the mean nor maximum duration of individual glances. Task pacing was the factor that influenced visual behaviour the most, with longer mean and maximum glance durations for self-paced tasks.In conclusion, the cyclists used visual strategies to integrate the handling of mobile phones into their cycling behaviour. Glances directed towards the phone did not lead to traffic relevant gaze targets being missed. In system-paced scenarios, the cyclists checked the traffic more frequently and intensively than in self-paced tasks. This leads to the assumption that cyclists prepare for self-initiated tasks by for example choosing a suitable location. Future research should investigate whether these strategies also exists amongst drivers and other road user groups. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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