Trinity College Dublin | Date: 2017-01-18
The present invention is directed to improved microbial antigen vaccines, pharmaceutical compositions, immunogenic compositions and antibodies and their use in the treatment of microbial infections, particularly those of bacterial origin, including Staphylococcal origin. Ideally, the present invention is directed to a recombinant staphylococcal MSCRAMM or MSCRAMM-like proteins, or fragment thereof, with reduced binding to its host ligand, for use in therapy.
Trinity College Dublin and University College Cork | Date: 2017-04-12
A poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) membrane having a highly porous, reticulated, 3-D structure suitable for lateral flow diagnostic applications is described. Also described is a method for producing a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) membrane that comprises the steps of mixing a suitable amount of PMMA, a solvent and a optionally one of either a co-solvent or a non-solvent to produce a solution, casting a thin film of the solution onto a support, and removal of the solvent from the solution to produce the PMMA membrane. A lateral flow diagnostic device comprising a highly porous PMMA membrane as a reaction membrane is also described
Trinity College Dublin | Date: 2017-05-17
An implantable biocompatible expander (1) suitable for implantation into a urinary duct, comprises an elongated sinusoidal ring comprising at least two proximal prongs (7) and at least two distal prongs (4), wherein the expander is resiliently deformable from a relaxed radially expanded orientation to a radially contracted orientation suitable for transluminal delivery through the urinary duct. The expander is configured to exert an outward radial force against a wall of the urinary duct when in-situ within the urinary duct. In particular, the expander is suitable for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and configured for implantation into the prostatic urethra between, and substantially spanning the prostatic urethra between, the bladder neck and external sphincter.
Trinity College Dublin | Date: 2017-02-01
This invention relates to 3-phenyl-7-hydroxy-isocoumarin compounds which are MIF inhibitors, compositions comprising said inhibitors and methods for treating or preventing diseases associated with MIF.
Trinity College Dublin | Date: 2017-01-25
The present invention relates to Toll-Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) agonists, in particular, to TLR2-activating lipoproteins, and more particularly to TLR2-activating lipopeptides derived from the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. The invention further extends to the use of said TLR2-activating lipoproteins as a therapeutic or as part of a vaccine composition in the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases, cancer or allergic diseases.
Trinity College Dublin and InvivoGen SAS | Date: 2017-05-24
A compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, (formula 1) wherein R1,R2, R3, R4, R5, X, m and n are defined in the specification; a process for preparing such compounds; a pharmaceutical composition comprising such compounds; and the use of such compounds in medicine.
Creagh E.M.,Trinity College Dublin
Trends in Immunology | Year: 2014
The caspase family of cysteine proteases has been functionally divided into two groups: those involved in apoptosis and those involved in innate immune signalling. Recent findings have identified 'apoptotic' caspases within inflammasome complexes and revealed that 'inflammatory' caspases are capable of inducing cell death, suggesting that the earlier view of caspase function may have been overly simplistic. Here, I review evidence attributing nonclassical functions to many caspases and propose that caspases serve as critical mediators in the integration of apoptotic and inflammatory pathways, thereby forming an integrated signalling system that regulates cell death and innate immune responses during development, infection, and homeostasis. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Sanvito S.,Trinity College Dublin
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2011
The electron spin made its debut in the device world only two decades ago but today our ability of detecting the spin state of a moving electron underpins the entire magnetic data storage industry. This technological revolution has been driven by a constant improvement in our understanding on how spins can be injected, manipulated and detected in the solid state, a field which is collectively named Spintronics. Recently a number of pioneering experiments and theoretical works suggest that organic materials can offer similar and perhaps superior performances in making spin-devices than the more conventional inorganic metals and semiconductors. Furthermore they can pave the way for radically new device concepts. This is Molecular Spintronics, a blossoming research area aimed at exploring how the unique properties of the organic world can marry the requirements of spin-devices. Importantly, after a first phase, where most of the research was focussed on exporting the concepts of inorganic spintronics to organic materials, the field has moved to a more mature age, where the exploitation of the unique properties of molecules has begun to emerge. Molecular spintronics now collects a diverse and interdisciplinary community ranging from device physicists to synthetic chemists to surface scientists. In this critical review, I will survey this fascinating, rapidly evolving, field with a particular eye on new directions and opportunities. The main differences and challenges with respect to standard spintronics will be discussed and so will be the potential cross-fertilization with other fields (177 references). © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011.
Boland J.J.,Trinity College Dublin
Nature Materials | Year: 2010
Several research groups have been developing flexible arrays of transducers that can be fabricated with pressure sensitivity and response times approaching those of natural human skin. One of the groups used Ge/Si-nanowire-array field-effect transistors (FET) laminated on a flexible polyimide substrate with a pressure-sensitive rubber layer that acts as a tunable resistor in series with the nanowire FET. Another group microstructured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films to produce pressure-sensitive capacitor arrays that are integrated into the gate dielectrics of an organic FET array. Both report pressure sensors with response times of less than 100 ms and a dynamic range of 0.5-20 kPa or better. The incorporated sensors enable the detection of local temperature, the presence of light or electromagnetic fields, or even humidity levels. The addition of piezoelectric nanowire arrays may even help emulate the enhanced sensitivity provided by human hair follicles.
Coleman J.N.,Trinity College Dublin
Accounts of Chemical Research | Year: 2013
Due to its unprecedented physical properties, graphene has generated huge interest over the last 7 years. Graphene is generally fabricated in one of two ways: as very high quality sheets produced in limited quantities by micromechanical cleavage or vapor growth or as a rather defective, graphene-like material, graphene oxide, produced in large quantities. However, a growing number of applications would profit from the availability of a method to produce high-quality graphene in large quantities.This Account describes recent work to develop such a processing route inspired by previous theoretical and experimental studies on the solvent dispersion of carbon nanotubes. That work had shown that nanotubes could be effectively dispersed in solvents whose surface energy matched that of the nanotubes. We describe the application of the same approach to the exfoliation of graphite to give graphene in a range of solvents. When graphite powder is exposed to ultrasonication in the presence of a suitable solvent, the powder fragments into nanosheets, which are stabilized against aggregation by the solvent. The enthalpy of mixing is minimized for solvents with surface energies close to that of graphene (∼68 mJ/m 2). The exfoliated nanosheets are free of defects and oxides and can be produced in large quantities. Once solvent exfoliation is possible, the process can be optimized and the nanosheets can be separated by size. The use of surfactants can also stabilize exfoliated graphene in water, where the ζ potential of the surfactant-coated graphene nanosheets controls the dispersed concentration.Liquid exfoliated graphene can be used for a range of applications: graphene dispersions as optical limiters, films of graphene flakes as transparent conductors or sensors, and exfoliated graphene as a mechanical reinforcement for polymer-based composites. Finally, we have extended this process to exfoliate other layered compounds such as BN and MoS2. Such materials will be important in a range of applications from thermoelectrics to battery electrodes. This liquid exfoliation technique can be applied to a wide range of materials and has the potential to be scaled up into an industrial process. We believe the coming decade will see an explosion in the applications involving liquid exfoliated two-dimensional materials. © 2012 American Chemical Society.