Hartley D.,Medical and Scientific Relations |
Blumenthal T.,Aurora University |
Blumenthal T.,University of Colorado at Boulder |
Carrillo M.,Medical and Scientific Relations |
And 21 more authors.
Alzheimer's and Dementia | Year: 2015
In the United States, estimates indicate there are between 250,000 and 400,000 individuals with Down syndrome (DS), and nearly all will develop Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology starting in their 30s. With the current lifespan being 55 to 60 years, approximately 70% will develop dementia, and if their life expectancy continues to increase, the number of individuals developing AD will concomitantly increase. Pathogenic and mechanistic links between DS and Alzheimer's prompted the Alzheimer's Association to partner with the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome and the Global Down Syndrome Foundation at a workshop of AD and DS experts to discuss similarities and differences, challenges, and future directions for this field. The workshop articulated a set of research priorities: (1) target identification and drug development, (2) clinical and pathological staging, (3) cognitive assessment and clinical trials, and (4) partnerships and collaborations with the ultimate goal to deliver effective disease-modifying treatments. © 2015 The Alzheimer's Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Landman D.,SUNY Downstate Medical Center |
Salamera J.,SUNY Downstate Medical Center |
Salamera J.,Trinitas Regional Medical Center |
Quale J.,SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2013
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter species are emerging nosocomial pathogens. As with most multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens, the polymyxins are often the only therapeutic option. In this study involving clinical isolates of E. cloacae and E. aerogenes, susceptibility testing methods with polymyxin B were analyzed. All isolates underwent testing by the broth microdilution (in duplicate) and agar dilution (in duplicate) methods, and select isolates were examined by the Etest method. Selected isolates were also examined for heteroresistance by population analysis profiling. Using a susceptibility breakpoint of<2 -g/ml, categorical agreement by all four dilution tests (two broth microdilution and two agar dilution) was achieved in only 76/114 (67%) of E. cloacae isolates (65 susceptible, 11 resistant). Thirty-eight (33%) had either conflicting or uninterpretable results (multiple skip wells, i.e., wells that exhibit no growth although growth does occur at higher concentrations). Of the 11 consistently resistant isolates, five had susceptible MICs as determined by Etest. Heteroresistant subpopulations were detected in eight of eight isolates tested, with greater percentages in isolates with uninterpretable MICs. For E. aerogenes, categorical agreement between the four dilution tests was obtained in 48/56 (86%), with conflicting and/or uninterpretable results in 8/56 (14%). For polymyxin susceptibility testing of Enterobacter species, close attention must be paid to the presence of multiple skip wells, leading to uninterpretable results. Susceptibility also should not be assumed based on the results of a single test. Until the clinical relevance of skip wells is defined, interpretation of polymyxin susceptibility tests for Enterobacter species should be undertaken with extreme caution. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Patel H.G.,St Josephs Regional Medical Center |
Cavanagh Y.,Trinitas Regional Medical Center |
Cavanagh Y.,Seton Hall University |
Shaikh S.N.,St Josephs Regional Medical Center
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2016
Context: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition that may result in progressive parenchymal damage and fibrosis which can ultimately lead to destruction of pancreatic tissue. Fistulas to the pleura, peritoneum, pericardium, and peripancreatic organs may form as a complications of pancreatitis. This case report describes an exceedingly rare complication, pancreaticoureteral fistula (PUF). Only two additional cases of PUF have been reported. However, they evolved following traumatic injury to the ureter or pancreatic duct. No published reports describe PUF as a complication of pancreatitis. Case Report: A 69-year-old Hispanic female with a past medical history of cholecystectomy, pancreatic pseudocyst, and recurrent episodes of pancreatitis presented with severe, sharp, and constant abdominal pain. Upon imaging, a fistulous tract was visualized between the left renal pelvis (at the level of an upper pole calyx) and the pancreatic duct and a ureteral stent was placed to facilitate fistula closure. Following the procedure, the patient attained symptomatic relief and oral intake was resumed. A left retrograde pyelogram was repeated 2 months after the initial stent placement and demonstrating no evidence of a persistent fistulous tract. Conclusion: Due to PUF’s unclear etiology and possible variance of presentation, it is important for physicians to keep this rare complication of pancreatitis in mind, especially, when evaluating a patient with recurrent pancreatitis, urinary symptoms and abnormal imaging within the urinary collecting system and pancreas. © 2016 North American Journal of Medical Sciences.
Kumar A.,Saint Michaels Medical Center |
Kumar A.,Seton Hall University |
Shah N.,Saint Michaels Medical Center |
Shah N.,Seton Hall University |
And 14 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2012
Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States. African Americans (AAs) have the highest incidence of CRC of any American ethnic group. Survival from CRC in AAs is lower than in Caucasians, and the mean age of CRC development in AAs is younger. The AA community also has a high rate of HIV infection, accounting for 50.3% of all cases despite making up only 13.6% of the population. This retrospective cohort study identified 17 AA HIV patients with CRC. The patients were matched with 42 HIV-negative CRC patients (controls), based on age, sex, and TNM stage. Data were obtained from 3 hospitals in New Jersey: St. Michael's Medical Center, Trinitas Medical Center and St. Joseph's Medical Center. The age, sex, HIV status, tumor site, stage, drug usage, Hepatitis C status, and survival outcome of subjects and controls were compared. Data from the Surveillance Epidemiology & End Results (SEER) specific to AAs were also compared. The mean age of CRC diagnosis was younger, 50.7 years (median: 52 years, range: 35-71 years), versus 59.42 years (median: 66 years) (P < 0.0001) in the SEER AA population. Of the patients, 29.4% were diagnosed with CRC at less than 45 years of age, versus only 6.35% of the SEER AA population (P < 0.0002). The male-to-female ratio was 11:6. Seven individuals used IV drugs, and 7 had hepatitis C. The mean CD4+ T-cell count was 510.81 cells/mm3 (median 419). At the time of CRC diagnosis, the average duration of HIV infection was 7.6 years (range 0-22.4 years). Of patients, 87.5% had left-sided CRC, versus 57.55% of the SEER population (P < 0.024). Of the patients, 52.94% had stage III-IV, at diagnosis, versus 43.84% in SEER. There was no statistically significant survival difference between the cases and controls. In our cohort of HIV-infected AA's with CRC, the staging and outcome of CRC did not appear to be affected by the degree of immunosuppression. HIV-infected AA with CRC presented with a higher percentage of leftsided CRC than AA's without HIV. Additionally, AAs with HIV tended to be younger at the time of CRC diagnosis. Our findings suggest that screening for CRC should be offered to HIV-infected AAs before the age of 45, and that sigmoidoscopy with fecal occult blood testing might be an acceptable screening modality. However, the exact age of initiation, optimal frequency, and preferred method of screening (colonoscopy vs. sigmoidoscopy) in this population requires further study. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.
Alsumrain M.H.,Saint Michaels Medical Center |
Jawad S.A.,Saint Michaels Medical Center |
Imran N.B.,Trinitas Regional Medical Center |
Imran N.B.,Seton Hall University |
And 3 more authors.
Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science | Year: 2010
Severe hypophosphatemia is known to be associated with respiratory failure, but there are few studies that specifically examine the relationship between serum phosphorus concentration and failure to wean patients from mechanical ventilation. This study investigated the association between hypophosphatemia and weaning failure in patients in two medical intensive care units (ICU). The study was conducted in a prospectively developed cohort of 66 patients being treated with ventilatory support and in whom 193 weaning trials were attempted. Ultimately, all 66 subjects were successfully weaned. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted on serum phosphorus levels and success or failure to wean the patients from ventilators. At the time of the successful weaning attempts (n = 66), the subjects' serum phosphorus concentrations (mean ± SD) were 1.18 ± 0.27 mmol/L, whereas at all failed weaning attempts (n = 127) serum phosphorus concentrations averaged 1.06 ± 0.31 mmol/L (p = 0.008). Subjects with phosphorus concentrations below the reference interval (RI) in our laboratory (<0.80 mmol/L) had greater risk for weaning failure compared to subjects with phosphorus concentrations at or above the RI (relative risk = 1.18; 95% confidence interval = 1.06 to 1.32; p = 0.01). Serum calcium concentrations were not significantly different at the time of successful weaning compared to those at failed weaning attempts. This study indicates that there is an association between hypophosphatemia and failure-to-wean from mechanical ventilation in ICU patients on ventilatory support. © 2010 by the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc.