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Moloughney J.G.,UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School | Weisleder N.,Ohio State University | Weisleder N.,Trim-Edicine, Inc.
Recent Patents on Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Maintenance of the integrity of the plasma membrane is essential for maintenance of cellular function and prevention of cell death. Since the plasma membrane is frequently exposed to a variety of mechanical and chemical insults the cell has evolved active processes to defend against these injuries by resealing disruptions in the plasma membrane. Cell membrane repair is a conserved process observed in nearly every cell type where intracellular vesicles are recruited to sites of membrane disruption where they can fuse with themselves or the plasma membrane to create a repair patch. When disruptions are extensive or there is an underlying pathology that reduces the membrane repair capacity of a cell this defense mechanism may prove insufficient and the cell could die due to breakdown of the plasma membrane. Extensive loss of cells can compromise the integrity and function of tissues and leading to disease. Thus, methods to increase membrane resealing capacity could have broad utility in a number of disease states. Efforts to find reagents that can modulate plasma membrane reseal found that specific tri-block copolymers, such as poloxamer 188 (P188, or Pluronic F68), can increase the structural stability and resealing of the plasma membrane. Here we review several current patents and patent applications that present inventions making use of P188 and other copolymers to treat specific disease states such as muscular dystrophy, heart failure, neurodegenerative disorders and electrical injuries, or to facilitate biomedical applications such as transplantation. There appears to be promise for the application of poloxamers in the treatment of various diseases, however there are potential concerns with toxicity with long term application and bioavailability in some cases. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Alloush J.,Ohio State University | Weisleder N.,Ohio State University | Weisleder N.,Trim-Edicine, Inc.
JAMA Neurology | Year: 2013

Muscular dystrophy represents a major unmet medical need; only palliative treatments exist for this group of debilitating diseases. Because multiple forms of muscular dystrophy arise from compromised sarcolemmal membrane integrity, a therapeutic approach that can target this loss of membrane function could be applicable to a number of these distinct diseases. One promising therapeutic approach involves the process the cell uses to repair injuries to the plasma membrane. Recent discoveries of genes associated with the membrane repair process provide an opportunity to promote this process as a way to treat muscular dystrophy. One such gene is mitsugumin 53 (MG53), a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family of proteins (TRIM72), which is an essential component of the membrane repair pathwayin muscle. Recent results indicate that MG53/TRIM72 protein can be directly applied as a therapeutic agent to increase membrane repair capacity of many cell types and treat some aspects of the disease in mouse models of muscular dystrophy. There is great potential for the use of recombinant human MG53 in treating muscular dystrophy and other diseases in which compromised membrane integrity contributes to the disease. Other TRIM familyproteins may provide additional targets for therapeutic intervention in similar disease states. Source

Trim-Edicine, Inc. | Entity website

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Jia Y.,Merck And Co. | Chen K.,Chongqing Institute of Cardiology | Lin P.,Ohio State University | Lieber G.,Merck And Co. | And 19 more authors.
Nature Communications | Year: 2014

Injury to lung epithelial cells has a role in multiple lung diseases. We previously identified mitsugumin 53 (MG53) as a component of the cell membrane repair machinery in striated muscle cells. Here we show that MG53 also has a physiological role in the lung and may be used as a treatment in animal models of acute lung injury. Mice lacking MG53 show increased susceptibility to ischaemia-reperfusion and overventilation-induced injury to the lung when compared with wild-type mice. Extracellular application of recombinant human MG53 (rhMG53) protein protects cultured lung epithelial cells against anoxia/reoxygenation-induced injuries. Intravenous delivery or inhalation of rhMG53 reduces symptoms in rodent models of acute lung injury and emphysema. Repetitive administration of rhMG53 improves pulmonary structure associated with chronic lung injury in mice. Our data indicate a physiological function for MG53 in the lung and suggest that targeting membrane repair may be an effective means for treatment or prevention of lung diseases. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source

Liu J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Zhu H.,Ohio State University | Zheng Y.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Xu Z.,Ohio State University | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology | Year: 2015

Ischemic heart disease is a leading cause of death in human population and protection of myocardial infarction (MI) associated with ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) remains a challenge. MG53 is an essential component of the cell membrane repair machinery that protects injury to the myocardium. We investigated the therapeutic value of using the recombinant human MG53 (rhMG53) protein for treatment of MI. Using Langendorff perfusion of isolated mouse heart, we found that I/R caused injury to cardiomyocytes and release of endogenous MG53 into the extracellular solution. rhMG53 protein was applied to the perfusion solution concentrated at injury sites on cardiomyocytes to facilitate cardioprotection. With rodent models of I/R-induced MI, we established the in vivo dosing range for rhMG53 in cardioprotection. Using a porcine model of angioplasty-induced MI, the cardioprotective effect of rhMG53 was evaluated. Intravenous administration of rhMG53, either prior to or post-ischemia, reduced infarct size and troponin I release in the porcine model when examined at 24. h post-reperfusion. Echocardiogram and histological analyses revealed that the protective effects of rhMG53 observed following acute MI led to long-term improvement in cardiac structure and function in the porcine model when examined at 4. weeks post-operation. Our study supports the concept that rhMG53 could have potential therapeutic value for treatment of MI in human patients with ischemic heart diseases. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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