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Jobby A.,Travancore Medical College
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2014

Determination of age of an individual is one of the most important factors in establishment of identity. The present study was conducted on post-mortem specimens obtained from 100 males and 50 females above the age of 16 years in the population of North Kerala. The study used the phase evaluation chart to establish the age of an individual. In the male rib specimens, correct age could be predicted in 68% cases with evaluation of articular facet, firmness and texture combination. In the female rib specimen, it age could be estimated in 73% cases using firmness and shape of the rim combination. The results of the present study showed that it was a good method of assessment of age in a high percentage of cases even when only ribs are available. The method was very relevant at an application level when scattered bony remnants are obtained, to establish the identity in cases of mass disasters. Source


Ambili G.,Gandhaki Medical College | Mathew E.,LIMSAR | Kumar S.S.,Travancore Medical College | Soumya M.,JIPMER | And 2 more authors.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015

Myocardial infarction commonly known as heart attack occurs when the blood supply to the heart is interrupted. This is most commonly due to occlusion of a coronary artery following the rupture of a atherosclerotic plaque, which is an unstable collection of lipids and white blood cells in the wall of an artery. The resulting ischemia, if left untreated can cause damage or death of heart muscle tissue or myocardium. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the hemodynamic responses in myocardial infarction and to compare the pulse & blood pressure changes in anterior wall MI & inferior wall MI. From the above study, I concluded that base line BP, pulse rate, mean BP, pulse pressure of patients with anterior wall myocardial infarction are higher when compared with patients having inferior wall myocardial infarction. A small groups of patients were included in the present study. Hence we recommend future study with larger population to confirm the results. Source


Vanagundi M.,Vijayanagar Institute of Medical science | Srinivasan P.K.,Travancore Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Back ground: Smoking is now identified as a major cause of a wide variety of health problems. Much has been known about ill effects of smoking and tobacco use, but little about the beneficial effects following cessation of smoking habit. Hence this study intends to provide details regarding the same. Objective: To assess the improvement in pulmonary function of smokers after complete cessation of smoking at pre-determined time durations of about 4 weeks, 8 weeks & 12 weeks. Methodology: Study was conducted in Bengaluru on 55 healthy adult smokers presenting voluntary to undergo de-addiction. Their baseline FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC and PEF were recorded and repeated at various pre-determined intervals after onset of cessation program. Subjects were grouped into quitters and non-quitters based on maintenance of cessation. The results are compiled and statistically analyzed. Results and Conclusion: Following complete cessation of smoking habit, a definite improvement in all the above lung function parameters was seen. FEV1 improved by 394.14 mL (p<0.001), FVC improved by 335.45 mL (p<0.001), FEV1/FVC increased by 0.0412 (p=0.001) and PEF increased by 0.64 L/sec (p<0.001). The same parameters did not show significant change in non-quitters. The improvement in quitters showed inverse relationship with age and duration of smoking. Source


Ambili G.,Gandhaki Medical College | Mathew E.,LIMSAR | Kumar S.S.,Travancore Medical College | Soumya M.,JIPMER | And 2 more authors.
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015

Vascular disorders accounts for the major cause of mortality in the world. Stroke is the second most frequent cause of death worldwide, accounting for 6.2 million deaths of total. It is ranked after heart disease and before cancer. The present study was undertaken to assess the in-hospital outcome of ischemic stroke, to compare the initial stroke severity with outcome, to assess the mortality in patients with ischemic stroke. We conclude that there is significant association between therapeutic compliance and outcome of ischemic stroke, early identification and management should be considered for patients with ischemic stroke. The study is limited to patients admitted in stroke ICU of Little Flower Hospital, Angamaly so generalization is limited. Hence we recommend further study with longer follow up with higher sample size to get better perceptive on functioning and disability after ischemic stroke. Source


Aher C.S.,Travancore Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Background: Members of the genus Acinetobacter are ubiquitous in the environment. For long, this organism was considered to be non-pathogenic. In recent years, organisms of the genus Acinetobacter have increasingly been associated with hospital infection. Objectives: To isolate and identify Acinetobacter species from cases suffering from urinary tract infection. To study the susceptibility of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus to various antibiotics Method: Study included microscopic examination, Gram stain study, culture and biochemical analysis of urine samples obtained from 200 patients admitted in the hospital, with clinically suspected urinary tract infection. Results: Acinetobacter was isolated from 5 (2.5%) urine samples from patients with urinary tract infection. Out of five isolates of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, three were of var boumanni and two were of var lwoffi. Conclusion: Acinetobacter should be considered an important etiological agent for urinary tract infection. Special effort may be needed for isolation and identification of this organism. But it is worthwhile, considering its ubiquitous distribution, multiple portals of entry and tendency to develop multi-drug resistance. © 2014, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source

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