Jurmala, Latvia

Transport and Telecommunication Institute — is the largest university-type accredited non-state technical higher educational and scientific establishment in Riga, the capital of Latvia. It was established in 1999, although incorporated the core of a technical and aviation school which dated back to 1919. The Institute modeling itself upon new educational technologies. Main directions of academic activities: Electronics and Telecommunications, Information Technologies and Computer Science, Economics, Management and Business Administration, Transport and Logistics.Total Amount of Students: about 4700Academic Staff: total amount - about 220, with Doctoral Degree - 60%Study Languages:Latvian, Russian, English Wikipedia.


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Kabashkin I.,Transport and Telecommunication Institute
Proceedings - 2016 Advances in Wireless and Optical Communications, RTUWO 2016 | Year: 2016

Air Traffic Management (ATM) systems represent essential infrastructure that is critical for flight safety. Communication is a key element in the present ATM system. Communication between air traffic controllers and pilots remains a vital part of air traffic control operations, and communication problems can result in hazardous situations. The modern ATM system has independent direct communication channels (CC) for each controllers operating at different radio frequencies. Currently, the main method of improving the reliability of controller's CC is redundancy of equipment to provide communications on each frequency of interaction ground-to-air channel. The fault tolerance of such method is limited by number of redundancy elements. ATM communication network has periodical sessions of communications with relatively short active periods of communication interactions alternate with relatively long pauses in the translation of signals. The resilience of such network can be improved by dynamic distribution of communication equipment for operation in different channels during communication sessions. In paper the reliability of resilient Air Traffic Management voice communication network with periodical sessions of communications for real conditions of ATM and with a common set of radio stations without their division into the main and backup elements is investigated. Mathematical model of the channel reliability is developed. Comparative analysis of reliability for proposed network architecture and traditional redundant structure of communication network is performed. © 2016 IEEE.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SST.2008.6.0.1. | Award Amount: 939.29K | Year: 2009

Based on successful FP5&6 experiences of POLLOCO and CENTRAL LOCO projects, the revised and expanded concept of the B2B LOCO project is that local market-oriented research units - collaborating in an international network aimed at experience exchange - can substantially increase the participation of SMEs in the FP projects by demonstrating and actively promoting the most business practice-oriented results of past and current RTD projects of the FP among the enterprises. The dramatically increased project area covers now 15 countries, including Old and New Member States and 2 Candidate Countries, covering most of the East of the continent and beyond, form Estonia to Israel. B2B LOCO will target Regional Clusters gathering different types of SMEs: transport and logistics companies, manufacturing and retail companies, hi-tech companies and green technologies companies that are of a particular focus of this call. Companies from these three groups are often FP-ready yet they are not realising their potential because the FP is best communicated to the research community. Therefore B2B LOCO consortium groups research organisations with considerable experience in FPs and a track record in talking directly to SMEs, using their own language and knowing what drives them in everyday operations. B2B LOCO will provide SME community with two international conferences, two practical workshops and three brokerage events, supplemented with permanent communication mechanisms (www, newsletters, alumni networks). As a result of B2B LOCO activities, SMEs will benefit from advanced solutions developed by FP consortia, experiences of successful SME- RTD - Academia co-operation cases which are laudable and should be copied. In addition to this, project will support processes of forming partnerships for future Framework Programmes. Moreover, new information channels which will be created during the project, will support transfer of essential information on transport and logistics


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-1;REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 3.02M | Year: 2010

Most countries in European Union are suffering severe water scarcity caused by a negative balance between water resources and water demands. A sustainable management of hydrological resources results totally necessary, as it is established by the European Water Framework Directive (60/2000/EC), which makes compulsory for every water management authority in EU to prepare a river basin management plan by the end of this year 2009. In order to fulfil these obligations and considering the complexity of water bodies control and the undefined future scenario provided by climate change, there is an imperative demand of the use of integrated management tools and methods, such as computerized models. Thus, integrated Water Resources Management must be faced from a multisectorial point of view, involving scientific research, social and economic aspects and administrative proceedings. The NOVIWAM project will tackle these challenges by synthesizing the different perspectives of research institutions, authorities and entrepreneurs, introducing them into promotion of interregional co-operation. Based on several top level research results in water management and leaded by a consolidated cluster managed by a regional authority with exclusive competences on a major European river, the project will establish an European network to strengthen synergies between regional, national and EU initiatives addressing the Integrated Management RTD and innovation challenges. NOVIWAM aims to establish long-lasting links between clusters throughout the regions, and allow the triple-helix components to benefit from the scale economies deriving from this multilevel and interregional co-operation. Mentoring activities are strongly considered, as specific needs of clusters from a candidate country (Albania) and insularity problems (Cyprus), have been included. NOVIWAM will produce a Joint Action Plan (JAP) at European level with specific measures and calendar beyond the end of the project.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: TPT.2012.3-2. | Award Amount: 1.71M | Year: 2012

T-TRANS project aims at providing information on innovation mechanisms for the Intelligent Transportation Systems domain, encouraging and facilitating an accelerated market deployment of related innovative products and services. A deep analysis of the current activity in Intelligent Transportation Systems shows an increasing importance of this transport research and application domain to support major EU priorities as regard of economic growth objectives by 2020 and beyond. T-TRANS project will focus on the need to streamline the key factors influencing in the innovation chain for ITS in order to bring out a better understanding of their market potential and to provide a guideline for their future exploitation. For this particular, a set of 4 case studies have been pre-selected from key ITS areas so the T-TRANS consortium can detect the features of the innovation chain, analyze the ITS market, evaluate the evolution for the specific cases and applicatiions involved and provide solid guidelines for ITS innovation commercialization. In paralel and linked to this in-depth analysis of pre-selected cases in several ITS domains and their innovation chains for their transfer to market, T-TRANS project will focus in strenghtening the innovation and cooperation chain for the ITS domain. For this ambitious objective, the consortium will design and operate ITS innovation pilot nodes (G-local Communities of Interest to Market) as a first stage for a future EU Innovation Network on ITS. Following key criteria determined by the Transport 2012 Work Programme, T-TRANS G-local CIMs will be launched in regions of the EU27 where there is a clear untapped potential to reinforce the links of the innovation chain on the one side, and to assess and promote the development of key elements in their respective transport systems on the other, pushing towards a better integration into the international transport networks through the enhancement of the application of ITS.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 996.31K | Year: 2016

The scope of ALLIANCE is the enabling of stimulating and strengthening the scientific and technological capacity of Latvia and the raising of the profile of the research staff and their institution, by providing knowledge in the field of smart interconnecting sustainable transport networks. This knowledge transfer will build the grounds for a common understanding of the main components affecting sustainable intermodality and support the selection and management of the most optimal and applicable solutions for transport interchanges. It will also facilitate stakeholder collaboration and the development of strong linkage among education, research and industry. The objective of the project is to have advanced research and higher education institution in the field of transport in Latvia by linking TTI with two internationally recognized research entities UTH and Fraunhofer. Close collaboration of TTI with UTH and Fraunhofer will help to achieve the goals through the following activities: Organization of young researchers seminars; Organization of workshops; Organization of summer schools for trainers and young researchers; Development of educational programme for graduate and post-graduate students; Development of training programme for trainers and practitioners; Provision of grants for participation as authors in per reviewed conferences; Facilitation of Short-Term Staff Exchanges (STSEs) with the aim of international collaboration, mainly publications; Establishment of a guidance strategy for preparing scientific publications; Creation of an educational forum as on-line tool for distance learning and knowledge sharing. Research activities related to multimodal transport networks will be enhanced in TTI, which will also push forward the institutes scientific visibility and enlarge the regions researchers and professionals horizons towards intermodality.


Pavlyuk D.,Transport and Telecommunication Institute
Transport and Telecommunication | Year: 2012

During the last two decades the European airport industry is liberalised and turned to competitive market environment. This fact attracts an increasing scientific and practical interest to analysis of airport efficiency and its determinants, as well as different aspects of airport competition. This paper contains a critical review of existing researches in these two areas - airport efficiency and spatial competition among airports. We analysed modern approaches to airport benchmarking, their advantages and shortcomings, and systematised a wide range of related academic studies. We paid special attention to empirical researches of spatial competition as a factor affecting airport efficiency. Despite the fact of a well-developed theory of spatial competition and signs of its growing effects in the airport industry, we discovered a lack of studies devoted to the relationship between airport efficiency and spatial competition.


Kabashkin I.,Transport and Telecommunication Institute
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2016

Air Traffic Management (ATM) systems represent essential infrastructure that is critical for flight safety. Communication is a key element in the present ATM system. Communication between air traffic controllers and pilots remains a vital part of air traffic control operations, and communication problems can result in hazardous situations. ATM modernization requests for a paradigm shift away from voice towards digital data communications. In the paper the reliability of ATM voice communication system (VCS) on the base of embedded cloud technology is discussed. Mathematical model of the channel reliability in the ATM communication network based on embedded cloud technology in the real conditions of operation is developed. On the base of developed model the boundary value of reliability parameters for automatics of VCS embedded cloud in different failure modes is analyzed. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.


The term Decision Support System (DSS) are much appreciated in highly complex environments where problems or tasks have varying degrees of structuration. Computer-based DSS to support decision making abound in elaborate functionality but they are often difficult to use effectively in real business environment, and are therefore often not used at all. In the paper the DSS for choice alternative of routes in the large-scale transportation transit system embedding the heuristic approach and integrating simulation was developed. Practical realization of DSS simulation on the base of Petri Net model is proposed. Transport system as complex and safety-critical is one of the main application of various DSS. Process of E-net model design for choice alternative of routes in the large-scale transportation transit system includes the heuristic decision-making construction according to general scheme, formal method for transformation of heuristic decision-making construction into the Petri Net model and base set of modelling elements for above-mentioned transformation procedure and software tools. The detailed rules for design of Petri Net model make it easy to transform the initial heuristic selection criteria in formalized procedures of model construction.


Kabashkin I.,Transport and Telecommunication Institute
Transport and Telecommunication | Year: 2012

In the situation where a large increase in trade and freight transport volumes in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) is expected and in which the BSR is facing a major economic restructuring, efforts to achieve more integrated and sustainable transport and communication links within the BSR are needed. One of these efforts is the development of logistics centres (LCs) and their networking, which will continue to have an impact on improving communication links, spatial planning practices and approaches, logistics chain development and the promotion of sustainable transport modes. These factors will reflect on logistics processes both in major gateway cities and in remote BSR areas. The importance of logistics systems as a whole is not seen clearly enough. Logistics actors see that logistics operations are not appreciated as much as other fields of activity. In addition, logistics centres and the importance of logistics activities to the business life of areas and the employment rate should be brought up better. In the paper main goal and tasks of national approach for LCs development are discussed. Strategic focus of new activities in this area is on the integration of various networks within and between logistics centres in order to improve and develop the quality of logistics networks as well as to spatially widen the networking activities.


Patent
Transport and Telecommunication Institute | Date: 2015-06-03

A method for road vehicle weigh-in-motion comprising the steps of obtaining wheel load signals (34) from a plurality of elongated fibre-optic sensors (12-17) embedded in a road surface (46), each signal (34) being indicative of a wheel load as the vehicle (24) travels across the sensors (12-17); determining a velocity of the vehicle (24); determining a width (W) of a wheel tire (28); and determining a weight of each wheel, wherein the step of determining the weight of the wheel comprises decomposing the wheel load signal (34) into an even and odd components (36, 37), reconstructing a footprint (30) of the wheel tire (28) based on a footprint model (38), the width of the tire (W), and the wheel load signal (34) by aligning the characteristic points (A, B, C, D) of the footprint model 30 with the characteristic points (a, b, c, d) of the odd component (37) of the wheel load signal (34), and calculating the wheel weight from the reconstructed footprint (30) and the even component (36) of the signal (34). The corresponding apparatus and system are also provided.

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