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Schilling T.,Transplantations und Gefachirurgie | Brandes G.,Transplantations und Gefachirurgie | Brandes G.,Hannover Medical School | Tudorache I.,Transplantations und Gefachirurgie | And 9 more authors.
Biomedizinische Technik | Year: 2013

Synthetic or biological patch materials used for surgical myocardial reconstruction are often fragile. Therefore, a transient support by degradable magnesium scaffolds can reduce the risk of dilation or rupture of the patch until physiological remodeling has led to a sufficient mechanical durability. However, there is evidence that magnesium implants can influence the growth and physiological behavior of the host's cells and tissue. Hence, we epicardially implanted scaffolds of the magnesium fluoride-coated magnesium alloy LA63 in a swine model to assess biocompatibility and degradation kinetics. Chemical analysis of the pigs' organs revealed no toxic accumulation of magnesium ions in the skeletal muscle, myocardium, liver, kidney, and bone of the pigs 1, 3, and 6 months postimplantation. The implants were surrounded by a fibrous granulation tissue, but no signs of necrosis were histologically evaluable. A sufficiently slow degradation rate of the magnesium alloy scaffold can be demonstrated via micro-computed tomography investigation. We conclude that stabilizing scaffolds of the magnesium fluoride-coated magnesium alloy LA63 can be used for epicardial application because no significant adverse effects to myocardial tissue were noted. Thus, degradable stabilizing scaffolds of this magnesium alloy with a slow degradation rate can extend the indication of innovative biological and synthetic patch materials.

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