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Lee J.Y.,Yonsei University | Son T.,Yonsei University | Cheong J.-H.,Yonsei University | Hyung W.J.,Yonsei University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Gastric Cancer | Year: 2015

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the association between adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assays (ATP-CRAs) and subsets of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in gastric cancer.Materials and Methods: In total, 15 gastric cancer tissue samples were obtained from gastrectomies performed between February 2007 and January 2011. Chemotherapy response assays were performed on tumor cells from these samples using 11 chemotherapeutic agents, including etoposide, doxorubicin, epirubicin, mitomycin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin, irinotecan, docetaxel, paclitaxel, methotrexate, and cisplatin. TILs in the tissue samples were evaluated using antibodies specific for CD3, CD4, CD8, Foxp3, and Granzyme B. Results: The highest cancer cell death rates were induced by etoposide (44.8%), 5-FU (43.1%), and mitomycin (39.9%). Samples from 10 patients who were treated with 5-FU were divided into 5-FU-sensitive and -insensitive groups according to median cell death rate. No difference was observed in survival between the two groups (P=0.216). Only two patients were treated with a chemotherapeutic agent determined by an ATP-CRA and there was no significant difference in overall survival compared with that of patients treated with their physician’s choice of chemotherapeutic agent (P=0.105). However, a high number of CD3 TILs was a favorable prognostic factor (P=0.008). Pearson’s correlation analyses showed no association between cancer cell death rates in response to chemotherapeutic agents and subsets of TILs. Conclusions: Cancer cell death rates in response to specific chemotherapeutic agents were not significantly associated with the distribution of TIL subsets. © 2015 by The Korean Gastric Cancer Association.

Kim J.M.,Translational Xenotransplantation Research Center | Kim J.M.,Seoul National University | Shin J.-S.,Translational Xenotransplantation Research Center | Shin J.-S.,Seoul National University | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Medical Primatology | Year: 2014

Background: Many anesthetics have been shown to impair glucose metabolism and cause hyperglycemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of propofol on glucose metabolism and insulin secretion during intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) in rhesus monkey. Methods: Serum cortisol, blood glucose, insulin, and C-peptide concentrations during IVGTT were measured in four rhesus monkeys under either conscious state or propofol anesthesia. Results and Conclusions: The levels of serum cortisol significantly increased under conscious condition, whereas these levels remained constant under propofol anesthesia. In propofol group, the levels of serum insulin and C-peptide significantly increased compared with those in conscious group. Accordingly, glucose disposal capacity was significantly improved, and the time to return to basal glucose levels was shortened in propofol group. This study showed that propofol significantly increased insulin and C-peptide, and the corresponding improvement in glucose disposal may be related to reduction of serum cortisol in monkey. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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