PubMed | Translational Arrhythmia Research Section and Tokai University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of arrhythmia | Year: 2015
Animal and emerging clinical studies have demonstrated that increased ventricular fibrosis in a setting of reduced repolarization reserve promotes early afterdepolarizations (EADs) and triggered activity that can initiate ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF). Increased ventricular fibrosis plays a key facilitatory role in allowing oxidative and metabolic stress-induced EADs to manifest as triggered activity causing VT/VF. The lack of such an arrhythmogenic effect by the same stressors in normal non-fibrotic hearts highlights the importance of fibrosis in the initiation of VT/VF. These findings suggest that antifibrotic therapy combined with therapy designed to increase ventricular repolarization reserve may act synergistically to reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death.