Transelectrica is an electricity transmission system operator in Romania. It is publicly traded company with 58,69% of the shares being held by the Ministry of Economy and Commerce, 13,5% by Fondul Proprietatea, and 27,81% being floated on the Bucharest Stock Exchange or held by other investors. It is listed at the Bucharest Stock Exchange.Transelectrica is organized in eight territorial transmission branches and one more branch acting as a metering operator for the electricity traded on the wholesale market. Transelectrica also has subsidiaries that take care of different administration tasks. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.2.5-1 | Award Amount: 4.34M | Year: 2012
The protection of the national infrastructures is one of the main issues for national and international security. While FP7 MICIE project has proved that increasing cooperation among infrastructures increases their level of service and predictive capability, it is not enough to effectively counteract threats such as cyber attacks. Such attacks could be performed blocking communication from central SCADA to local equipments or inserting fake commands/measurements in the SCADA-field equipment communications (as happened with STUXNET worm). The paradox is that critical infrastructures massively rely on the newest interconnected (and vulnerable) ICT technologies, while the control equipment is typically old, legacy software/hardware. Such a combination of factors may lead to very dangerous situations, exposing systems to a wide variety of attacks. To overcome such threats, the CockpitCI project aims on one hand to continue the work done in MICIE by refining and updating the on-line Risk Predictor deployed in the SCADA centre, on the other hand to provide some kind of intelligence to field equipment, allowing them to perform local decisions in order to self-identify and self-react to abnormal situations induced by cyber attacks. It is mandatory to operate both at SCADA control centre and at field equipment because it is very dangerous to let field components operate autonomously. To address this issue an hybrid validation system will be implemented: at the Control Centre level an Integrated On-line Risk Predictor will provide the operator with qualitative/quantitative measurements of near future level of risk integrating data coming from the field, from other infrastructures, and from smart detection agents monitoring possible cyber attacks; at field level, the system is complemented with a smart software layer for field equipment and a detection system for the TLC network. The system will be validated on real equipment and scenarios provided by Israel Electric Corp.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-7.2-01 | Award Amount: 13.59M | Year: 2008
PEGASE is a four year project dealing with the High and Extra High Voltage transmission and sub-transmission networks in Europe (designated as ETN) and implemented by a Consortium composed of 20 Partners including TSOs, expert companies and leading research centres in power system analysis and applied mathematics. Its overall objectives are to define the most appropriate state estimation, optimization and simulation frameworks, their performance and dataflow requirements to achieve an integrated security analysis and control of the ETN. The heart of the PEGASE project will involve advanced algorithmic, build prototypes of software and demonstrate the feasibility of real-time state estimation (SE), multi purpose constrained optimization (OPF) and time domain simulation of very large model representative of the ETN, taking into account its operation by multiple TSOs. Project R&D ambitions: The first ambition is to relieve all knowledge barriers to provide all TSOs with a synchronous display of the state of the ETN, very close to real time (typically each 5-10 seconds). The second ambition is to develop OPF programs determining realistic system operating points that include TSO operating rules but also optimal preventive or corrective actions, typically for real-time congestion management. The third ambition is to improve the existing state of the art technology in time simulation of very large system to permit: i/ off-line studies of the ETN including possibly interconnections with neighboring systems (i.e. Russia), ii/ dispatcher training simulation iii/ preventive security assessment and in on-line emergency conditions, faster than real-time simulation opening new perspectives for an anticipative control of the system. Project expected impacts: The availability of duly tested prototypes will allow for a quick implementation of the developed tools in a central facility and in existing computing environments. A better management of crisis will allow decreasing conservative security margins and improving the identification of real risks. Operating with higher power flows and closer to real available transfer capacities determined more transparently from the shared real-time model will enhance the cross-border electricity market. Eventually, the first European dispatcher training simulator will be at arm length for use in a European training center allowing the simultaneous training of dispatchers from several countries that is the cornerstone of the integrated operation of the ETN.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-07-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2016
Future energy systems will use renewable energy sources to minimise CO2 emissions. Currently large generators powered by fossil fuel turbines maintain the stability and quality of energy supplies through their inertia. The inertia of these generator-turbine groups gives providers a significant time window in which to react to network events. We urgently need to find ways to stabilise energy systems with up to 100% RES (where inertia is often lost due to power converter mediated energy transfer) to generate RE-SERVEs so that society can relax in the knowledge that it has a stable and sustainable energy supply. RE-SERVE will address this challenge by researching new energy system concepts, implemented as new system support services enabling distributed, multi-level control of the energy system using pan-European unified network connection codes. Near real-time control of the distributed energy network will be enabled by innovative 5G based ICT. Energy system use case scenarios supplied by energy providers will form the basis of energy system models. Performance characteristics of the new control mechanisms will be investigated through integration of energy simulations and live 5G communications. We will create a pan-European multi-site simulation test-bed, bringing together the best facilities in Europe. RE-SERVE results include published models of system support services, innovative architectures for the implementation of the services, performance tests on our pan-European real-time simulation, and live, test-beds, a model for pan-European unified network connection codes and actions to promote results to standardisation organisations, all of which maintain the RE-SERVE in energy systems. Commercialisation of results will result in breakthroughs in the efficient utilisation of use of RES, a spin-off and a wide range of enhanced professional solutions and services.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2010.2.3-2 | Award Amount: 3.99M | Year: 2011
Threats for the supply of electricity have changed dramatically throughout the last decade: additional to the natural and accidental ones, the new threat of malicious attacks needs to be considered. Such attacks might be jointly imparted so as to affect large portions of the European grid, make repair difficult and cause huge societal impact. The outstanding importance and the far more complex level of interconnectivity of electricity distribution / transmission / generation compared to the supply through other energy carriers - makes the development of a highly focused toolkit for its protection an essential and urgent task. SESAME develops a Decision Support System (DSS) for the protection of the European power system and applies it to two regional electricity grids, Austria and Romania. This DSS enables to: identify the vulnerabilities and to detect their origins, estimate the damage / impact of real or simulated network failures, identify the possible measures for prevention of outages and acceleration of automatic restoration, rank these measures according to their effectiveness and their cost-benefit ratios, carry out contingency analyses of the transmission / distribution network and generation facilities, detect long-term erroneous trends in the security of energy supply and counteract against them by adjusting the market mechanisms. There do not exist State-of-the-Art approaches incorporating all of these core dimensions of the problem: the increase in complexity of the security of energy supply requires a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary solution. SESAME brings together the most distinguished experts in the fields of power network security, technology policy and regulatory economics, impact assessment of disasters, network simulation software and knowledge engineering. All partners have proven their excellence in complex security research in earlier cooperative projects and most of them have already worked together successfully.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SEC-2010.4.1-1 | Award Amount: 805.85K | Year: 2011
The EU regularly suffers from natural and man-made disaster, the social and economical consequences of which may adversely affect its growth and competitiveness. There is a growing vulnerability to disasters and subsequently an urgent need to improve operational capacities and capabilities of Member States. Furthermore, the Lisbon Treaty will enlarge the role of the EU and allow for stronger coordinated activities to support crisis management (CM) outside the EU. CRISYS aims at developing a strategic roadmap for full implementation of an integrated and scalable crisis management system and to provide a solid basis for the description of a full user driven demo programme. Uniquely CRISYS engages users and suppliers in pursuit of practical outcomes that can be rapidly transferred into the operational environment. CRISYS will seek to capitalise on relevant projects in the domain, whilst forging solid networks and wide awareness with significant users, first responders, governments, suppliers and other bodies in the field of CM. CRISYS will: -Identify and analyse the state of the art in the current legacy environment of CM across the EU (policies, systems, societal) -Gather information from users with regard to their requirements on operational, procedural, regulatory, technological and standards issues -Place emphasis on the protection of the citizens by engaging and developing close contact with local and national administrations responsible for CM and with first responder organisations -Assess capacity and competency gaps in current and foreseen performance to recommend validated demonstration cases regarding users requirements -Propose a strategic roadmap for the Phase2. This roadmap will be set in the context of current and future relevant factual and political trends, as well as economic and supply market issues -Ensure EU wide dissemination of information with these activities being supported by an enlarged User platform and other key EU and international stakeholders
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SEC-2007-7.0-02 | Award Amount: 1.11M | Year: 2008
ESCoRTS is a joint endeavour among EU process industries, utilities, leading manufacturers of control equipment and research institutes, under the lead of CEN, to foster progress towards cyber security of control and communication equipment in Europe. ESCoRTS will be intersectoral, embracing the following industrial fields: power, gas, oil, chemicals and petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing. Key objectives of ESCoRTS include: 1. Developing a common understanding of industrial needs and requirements regarding the security of control systems and the related standardisation, accompanied by a raising awareness programme reaching all stakeholders. 2. Identifying and disseminating best practice, possibly in a joint endeavour between manufacturers and end users, resulting in a joint capability and technology taxonomy of security solutions. 3. Stimulating convergence of current standardisation efforts. Liaising with international efforts and especially with the US Process Control Forum. 4. Developing a strategic R&T and standardisation roadmap 5. Developing and deploying a secure ICT platform for the exchange of relevant data among the stakeholders. 6. Developing requirements for appropriate test platforms for the security of process control equipment and applications. 7. Setting the basis for a panEuropean training program for specialized personnel and managers, like process operators, IT specialists, plant and security managers.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-06-2015 | Award Amount: 12.99M | Year: 2016
Four European TSOs of Central-Eastern Europe (Austria, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia), associated with power system experts, electricity retailers, IT providers and renewable electricity providers, propose to design a unique regional cooperation scheme: it aims at opening Balancing and Redispatching markets to new sources of flexibility and supporting such sources to act on such markets competitively. Thanks to a prototype aggregation solution and renewable generation forecasting techniques, flexibility providers distributed generators (DG) and Commercial and Industrial (C&I) consumers providing demand response (DR) are enabled, through retailers acting as flexibility aggregators, to provide competitive offers for Frequency Restoration Reserve (including secondary control activated with a response time between 30 seconds and 15 minutes). A comprehensive techno-economic model for the cross-border integration of such services involves a common activation function (CAF) tailored to congested borders and optimized to overcome critical intra-regional barriers. The resulting CAF is implemented into a prototype Regional Balancing and Redispatching Platform, securely integrated within the four TSOs IT systems: this makes research activities about cross-border integration flexible while linking with the aggregation solution. Use cases of growing complexity are pilot tested, going from the involvement of DR and DG into national balancing markets to cross-border competition between flexibility aggregators. Based on past experience with tertiary reserve, participating C&I consumers and DG are expected to provide close to 40MW of secondary reserve. Impact analyses of the pilot tests together with dissemination activities towards all the stakeholders of the electricity value chain will recommend business models and deployment roadmaps for the most promising use cases, which, in turn, contribute to the practical implementation of the European Balancing Target Model by 2020.
Jiroveanu G.,Transelectrica |
Boel R.K.,Ghent University
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control | Year: 2010
For a bounded Petri Net model the diagnosability property is usually checked via its regular language represented by the reachability graph RG. However, this is problematic because the computational complexity of the diagnosability test is polynomial in the cardinality of the state space of the model which is typically very large. This limitation can be overcome by using for the diagnosability test an ROF-automaton, with a state space significantly smaller than RG, that generates the same language as RG after projecting out all non-faulty unobservable transitions. ROFis efficiently constructed based on the calculation of the minimal explanations of the fault and of the observable transitions. © 2006 IEEE.