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News Article | April 28, 2017
Site: www.forbes.com

This weekend will mark the conclusion of the first 100 days of Donald Trump's presidency. As pundits are busy assessing the accomplishments from his first 100 days, there seems to be a broad consensus that he has achieved few of the legislative goals he had set forth. However, one area where President Trump did have an impact was the energy sector. If you are a proponent of decarbonization of the energy sector, then you probably hate what he accomplished. On the other hand, if you favor coal, oil, and natural gas, you probably love his moves, as most of them were aimed at easing regulations on these extractive industries. His nominees for EPA Administrator, Secretary of Energy and Secretary of the Interior all signaled his intent to roll back environmental regulations that had been imposed during the Obama Administration. That's precisely what Trump spent his first 100 days doing. Here are President Trump's key energy accomplishments from his first 100 days. When I compare what the energy sector would have been like under Hillary Clinton, versus what it is like under Donald Trump, I can say one thing with near certainty. If Clinton had won, the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) would not currently be completed and nearing full operation. To review, a favorable environmental assessment (EA) had been issued for the DAPL during the Obama Administration. But then in the last days of Obama's presidency, and with the DAPL nearly complete (and protests against the pipeline heating up), the Assistant Secretary of the Army issued a memorandum voiding the original EA and calling for additional pipeline routes to be studied. On January 18th the Army Corps launched a new environmental review of the pipeline's Lake Oahe crossing and warned that it could take two years to complete. Two days later President Trump was inaugurated, and one of his first acts as President was to sign a directive aimed at rescinding the December memorandum. The Army Corps complied and granted the easement necessary to complete the pipeline. Drilling under Lake Oahe began immediately, and the pipeline was completed a short time later. It is scheduled to begin full operation next month. Completion of the DAPL is the most tangible and significant achievement from President Trump's first 100 days. On the same day President Trump issued the executive action on DAPL, he issued the Presidential Memorandum Regarding Construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline. This memorandum invited TransCanada to resubmit its application to the Department of State for a permit for the construction and operation of the Keystone XL Pipeline, which had been denied by the Obama Administration (after the decision had been delayed for years). Two days later TransCanada resubmitted the application, and the permit has now been granted. While this is an accomplishment, there are still many hurdles in place, particularly economic obstacles, that may keep the pipeline from ever being built. Most of the rest of the President's energy accomplishments won't have an immediate impact, but some have the potential to have a long-term impact.


CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - July 28, 2017) - TransCanada Corporation (TSX:TRP)(NYSE:TRP) (TransCanada or the Company) today announced net income attributable to common shares for second quarter 2017 of $881 million or $1.01 per share compared to net income of $365 million or $0.52 per share for the same period in 2016. Comparable earnings for second quarter 2017 were $659 million or $0.76 per share compared to $366 million or $0.52 per share for the same period in 2016. TransCanada's Board of Directors also declared a quarterly dividend of $0.625 per common share for the quarter ending September 30, 2017, equivalent to $2.50 per common share on an annualized basis. "Our diversified portfolio of high-quality, low risk energy infrastructure assets continued to perform very well in the second quarter of 2017," said Russ Girling, TransCanada's president and chief executive officer. "Comparable earnings per share increased 46 per cent compared to second quarter 2016 primarily due to the Columbia acquisition in July 2016 and the realization of associated synergies, strong performance across our Natural Gas and Liquids Pipelines businesses and higher earnings from Bruce Power following a major planned outage in second quarter 2016. The growth in earnings was accompanied by a significant increase in net cash provided by operations which rose to $1.4 billion from $1.1 billion in the same period last year." "In the quarter, we added $2 billion of additional expansion projects on the NGTL System and today announced a $0.2 billion expansion on the Canadian Mainline, highlighting the organic growth opportunities that continue to emanate from our broad, strategically located asset base. We are now advancing a $24 billion near-term capital program that is expected to generate significant growth in earnings and cash flow and support an expected annual dividend growth rate at the upper end of an eight to 10 per cent range through 2020," added Girling. "To date we have invested $9.0 billion in these projects and are well positioned to both execute and fund the remainder of the program over the next few years. In addition, we concluded the sale of our U.S. Northeast merchant generation facilities, with proceeds used to fully retire the Columbia acquisition bridge facilities. With those sales complete, over 95 per cent of our future EBITDA is expected to be derived from regulated or long-term contracted assets." "We also continue to progress a number of additional medium to longer-term organic growth opportunities in our three core businesses of natural gas pipelines, liquids pipelines and energy in Canada, the United States and Mexico. Success in advancing Keystone XL or other growth initiatives, including the Bruce Power life extension, could further augment or extend the Company's dividend growth outlook," concluded Girling. Net income attributable to common shares increased by $516 million to $881 million or $1.01 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period last year. Net income per common share in 2017 includes the dilutive effect of issuing 161 million common shares in 2016. Second quarter 2017 results included a $265 million after-tax net gain on the monetization of the U.S. Northeast power assets which was comprised of a $441 million after-tax gain on the sale of TC Hydro and an incremental loss of $176 million after-tax on the sale of the thermal and wind package, an after-tax charge of $15 million for integration-related costs associated with the acquisition of Columbia and a $4 million after-tax charge related to the maintenance of Keystone XL assets. Second quarter 2016 included a charge of $113 million related to costs associated with the Columbia acquisition which were primarily related to the dividend equivalent payments on the subscription receipts issued as part of the permanent financing of the transaction, an after-tax $10 million restructuring charge related to expected future losses under lease commitments and $9 million after-tax related to Keystone XL maintenance and liquidation costs. All of these specific items as well as unrealized gains and losses from changes in risk management activities are excluded from comparable earnings. Comparable earnings for second quarter 2017 were $659 million or $0.76 per share compared to $366 million or $0.52 per share for the same period in 2016, an increase of $293 million or $0.24 per share and includes the dilutive effect of issuing 161 million common shares in 2016. The increase in second quarter comparable earnings was primarily due to higher contributions from U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines reflecting incremental earnings from Columbia following the July 1, 2016 acquisition and higher ANR transportation revenues resulting from higher rates effective August 1, 2016, higher earnings from Bruce Power mainly due to higher volumes resulting from fewer planned outage days, a higher contribution from Mexican Natural Gas Pipelines due to earnings from the Mazatlán and Topolobampo pipelines and higher earnings from Liquids Pipelines mainly due to higher volumes. These increases were partially offset by higher interest expense mainly as a result of debt assumed in the acquisition of Columbia and long-term debt issuances. We will hold a teleconference and webcast on Friday, July 28, 2017 to discuss our second quarter 2017 financial results. Russ Girling, TransCanada President and Chief Executive Officer, and Don Marchand, Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer, along with other members of the TransCanada executive leadership team, will discuss the financial results and Company developments at 9 a.m. (MT) / 11 a.m. (ET). Members of the investment community and other interested parties are invited to participate by calling 800.377.0758 or 416.340.2218 (Toronto area). Please dial in 10 minutes prior to the start of the call. No pass code is required. A live webcast of the teleconference will be available at www.transcanada.com. A replay of the teleconference will be available two hours after the conclusion of the call until midnight (ET) on August 4, 2017. Please call 800.408.3053 or 905.694.9451 (Toronto area) and enter pass code 9154252. The unaudited interim condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) are available under TransCanada's profile on SEDAR at www.sedar.com, with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on EDGAR at www.sec.gov/info/edgar.shtml and on the TransCanada website at www.transcanada.com. With more than 65 years' experience, TransCanada is a leader in the responsible development and reliable operation of North American energy infrastructure including natural gas and liquids pipelines, power generation and gas storage facilities. TransCanada operates a network of natural gas pipelines that extends more than 91,500 kilometres (56,900 miles), tapping into virtually all major gas supply basins in North America. TransCanada is the continent's largest provider of gas storage and related services with 653 billion cubic feet of storage capacity. A large independent power producer, TransCanada owns or has interests in approximately 6,200 megawatts of power generation in Canada and the United States. TransCanada is also the developer and operator of one of North America's leading liquids pipeline systems that extends over 4,300 kilometres (2,700 miles) connecting growing continental oil supplies to key markets and refineries. TransCanada's common shares trade on the Toronto and New York stock exchanges under the symbol TRP. Visit TransCanada.com and our blog to learn more, or connect with us on social media and 3BL Media. This release contains certain information that is forward-looking and is subject to important risks and uncertainties (such statements are usually accompanied by words such as "anticipate", "expect", "believe", "may", "will", "should", "estimate", "intend" or other similar words). Forward-looking statements in this document are intended to provide TransCanada security holders and potential investors with information regarding TransCanada and its subsidiaries, including management's assessment of TransCanada's and its subsidiaries' future plans and financial outlook. All forward-looking statements reflect TransCanada's beliefs and assumptions based on information available at the time the statements were made and as such are not guarantees of future performance. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on this forward-looking information, which is given as of the date it is expressed in this news release, and not to use future-oriented information or financial outlooks for anything other than their intended purpose. TransCanada undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking information except as required by law. For additional information on the assumptions made, and the risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ from the anticipated results, refer to the Quarterly Report to Shareholders dated July 27, 2017 and 2016 Annual Report filed under TransCanada's profile on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission at www.sec.gov. This news release contains references to non-GAAP measures, including comparable earnings, comparable EBITDA, comparable distributable cash flow, comparable funds generated from operations, comparable earnings per share and comparable distributable cash flow per share, that do not have any standardized meaning as prescribed by U.S. GAAP and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. These non-GAAP measures are calculated on a consistent basis from period to period and are adjusted for specific items in each period, as applicable. For more information on non-GAAP measures, refer to TransCanada's Quarterly Report to Shareholders dated July 27, 2017. This management's discussion and analysis (MD&A) contains information to help the reader make investment decisions about TransCanada Corporation. It discusses our business, operations, financial position, risks and other factors for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, and should be read with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. This MD&A should also be read in conjunction with our December 31, 2016 audited consolidated financial statements and notes and the MD&A in our 2016 Annual Report. We disclose forward-looking information to help current and potential investors understand management's assessment of our future plans and financial outlook, and our future prospects overall. Statements that are forward-looking are based on certain assumptions and on what we know and expect today and generally include words like anticipate, expect, believe, may, will, should, estimate or other similar words. Forward-looking statements in this MD&A include information about the following, among other things: Forward-looking statements do not guarantee future performance. Actual events and results could be significantly different because of assumptions, risks or uncertainties related to our business or events that happen after the date of this MD&A. Our forward-looking information is based on the following key assumptions, and subject to the following risks and uncertainties: You can read more about these factors and others in reports we have filed with Canadian securities regulators and the SEC, including the MD&A in our 2016 Annual Report. As actual results could vary significantly from the forward-looking information, you should not put undue reliance on forward-looking information and should not use future-oriented information or financial outlooks for anything other than their intended purpose. We do not update our forward-looking statements due to new information or future events, unless we are required to by law. You can find more information about TransCanada in our annual information form and other disclosure documents, which are available on SEDAR (www.sedar.com). This MD&A references the following non-GAAP measures: These measures do not have any standardized meaning as prescribed by U.S. GAAP and therefore may not be similar to measures presented by other entities. We calculate comparable measures by adjusting certain GAAP and non-GAAP measures for specific items we believe are significant but not reflective of our underlying operations in the period. These comparable measures are calculated on a consistent basis from period to period and are adjusted for specific items in each period, as applicable. Our decision not to adjust for a specific item is subjective and made after careful consideration. Specific items may include: We exclude the unrealized gains and losses from changes in the fair value of derivatives used to reduce our exposure to certain financial and commodity price risks. These derivatives generally provide effective economic hedges, but do not meet the criteria for hedge accounting. As a result, the changes in fair value are recorded in net income. As these amounts do not accurately reflect the gains and losses that will be realized at settlement, we do not consider them reflective of our underlying operations. The following table identifies our non-GAAP measures against their equivalent GAAP measures. Comparable earnings represent earnings or loss attributable to common shareholders on a consolidated basis adjusted for specific items. Comparable earnings is comprised of segmented earnings, interest expense, AFUDC, interest income and other, income taxes and non-controlling interests adjusted for the specific items. See the Consolidated results section for a reconciliation to net income attributable to common shares. Comparable EBIT represents segmented earnings adjusted for the specific items described above. We use comparable EBIT as a measure of our earnings from ongoing operations as it is a useful measure of our performance and an effective tool for evaluating trends in each segment. Comparable EBITDA is calculated the same way as comparable EBIT but excludes the non-cash charges for depreciation and amortization. See the Reconciliation of non-GAAP measures section for a reconciliation to segmented earnings. Funds generated from operations and comparable funds generated from operations Funds generated from operations reflects net cash provided by operations before changes in operating working capital. We believe it is a useful measure of our consolidated operating cash flow because it does not include fluctuations from working capital balances, which do not necessarily reflect underlying operations in the same period, and is used to provide a consistent measure of the cash generating performance of our assets. Comparable funds generated from operations is adjusted for the cash impact of specific items noted above. See the Financial condition section for a reconciliation to net cash provided by operations. We believe comparable distributable cash flow is a useful supplemental measure of performance that defines cash available to common shareholders before capital allocation. Comparable distributable cash flow is defined as comparable funds generated from operations less preferred share dividends, distributions to non-controlling interests and maintenance capital expenditures. Maintenance capital expenditures are expenditures incurred to maintain our operating capacity, asset integrity and reliability, and include amounts attributable to our proportionate share of maintenance capital expenditures on our equity investments. Although we deduct maintenance capital expenditures in determining comparable distributable cash flow, in certain of our rate-regulated businesses, maintenance capital expenditures are included in their respective rate bases, on which we earn a regulated return and recover depreciation through future tolls. See the Financial condition section for a reconciliation to net cash provided by operations. Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. Net income attributable to common shares increased by $516 million and $907 million or $0.49 and $0.88 per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016. Net income per common share in 2017 included the dilutive effect of issuing 161 million common shares in 2016. Net income in all periods included unrealized gains and losses from changes in risk management activities which we exclude, along with the above-noted items, to arrive at comparable earnings. Comparable earnings increased by $293 million and $497 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 as discussed below in the reconciliation of net income to comparable earnings. Comparable earnings increased by $293 million or $0.24 per share for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016. This was primarily the net effect of: Comparable earnings increased by $497 million or $0.34 per share for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016. This was primarily the net effect of: Comparable earnings per share in 2017 included the dilutive effect of issuing 161 million common shares in 2016. We are developing quality projects under our capital program. These long-life infrastructure assets are supported by long-term commercial arrangements with creditworthy counterparties or regulated business models and are expected to generate significant growth in earnings and cash flow. Our capital program consists of approximately $24 billion of near-term projects and approximately $43 billion of medium to longer-term projects. Amounts presented exclude maintenance capital expenditures, capitalized interest and AFUDC. All projects are subject to cost adjustments due to market conditions, route refinement, permitting conditions, scheduling and timing of regulatory permits. The medium to longer-term projects have greater uncertainty with respect to timing and estimated project costs. The expected in-service dates of these projects are post-2020, and costs provided in the schedule below reflect the most recent costs for each project as filed with the various regulatory authorities or otherwise determined. These projects have all been commercially secured or, in the case of Keystone XL, commercial support is expected to be achieved. All these projects are subject to approvals that include sponsor FID and/or complex regulatory processes. Our overall comparable earnings outlook for 2017 is expected to be higher than what was previously included in the 2016 Annual Report as a result of stronger performance across our business segments, including from the U.S. Northeast power business in first half 2017, as detailed in the MD&A. Our expected total capital expenditures, projects in development and contributions to equity investments for 2017 as outlined in the 2016 Annual Report, remain unchanged. The following is a reconciliation of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT (our non-GAAP measures) to segmented earnings (the equivalent GAAP measure). Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. Canadian Natural Gas Pipelines segmented earnings decreased by $37 million and $27 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and are equivalent to comparable EBIT. Net income and comparable EBITDA for our rate-regulated Canadian Natural Gas Pipelines are generally affected by our approved ROE, our investment base, our level of deemed common equity and incentive earnings or losses. Changes in depreciation, financial charges and income taxes also impact comparable EBITDA but do not have a significant impact on net income as they are almost entirely recovered in revenues on a flow-through basis. Net income for the NGTL System increased by $8 million and $17 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly due to a higher average investment base and higher OM&A incentive earnings in 2017. The NGTL System is operating under the two-year 2016-2017 Revenue Requirement Settlement which includes an ROE of 10.1 per cent on 40 per cent deemed equity and a mechanism for sharing variances above and below a fixed annual OM&A amount with flow-through treatment of all other costs. Net income for the Canadian Mainline decreased by $4 million and $2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 primarily due to a lower average investment base and higher carrying charges on regulatory deferrals, partially offset by higher incentive earnings. The Canadian Mainline is operating under the NEB 2014 Decision which includes an approved ROE of 10.1 per cent on a 40 per cent deemed equity with a possible range of achieved outcomes between 8.7 per cent and 11.5 per cent. The decision also includes an incentive mechanism that has both upside and downside risk and a $20 million annual after-tax contribution from us. Depreciation and amortization increased by $3 million and by $9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly due to facilities that were placed in service for the NGTL System and Canadian Mainline. The following is a reconciliation of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT (our non-GAAP measures) to segmented earnings (the equivalent GAAP measure). Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines segmented earnings increased by $213 million and $507 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 primarily due to the acquisition of Columbia. Segmented earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2017 included a first quarter $10 million pre-tax charge primarily due to integration-related costs associated with the Columbia acquisition. Segmented earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2016 included a $4 million pre-tax loss ($3 million after tax) as a result of a December 2015 agreement to sell TC Offshore which closed in early 2016. These amounts have been excluded from our calculation of comparable EBIT. As well, a stronger U.S. dollar had a positive impact on the Canadian dollar equivalent segmented earnings from our U.S. operations. Earnings from our U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines operations, which include Columbia effective July 1, 2016, are generally affected by contracted volume levels, volumes delivered and the rates charged as well as by the cost of providing services. Columbia and ANR results are also affected by the contracting and pricing of their storage capacity and commodity sales. Transmission and storage revenues are generally higher in winter months due to increased seasonal demand for our services. Comparable EBITDA for U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines increased by US$216 million and US$508 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and was the net effect of: Depreciation and amortization increased by US$63 million and US$124 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly due to the acquisition of Columbia and higher depreciation rates on ANR resulting from a FERC-approved rate settlement, effective August 1, 2016. US$5 million of first quarter 2017 depreciation related to Columbia information system assets retired as part of the Columbia integration process has been excluded from comparable EBIT and included as part of integration and acquisition related costs to arrive at segmented earnings. The following is a reconciliation of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT (our non-GAAP measures) to segmented earnings (the equivalent GAAP measure). Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. Mexico Natural Gas Pipelines segmented earnings increased by $79 million and $152 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and are equivalent to comparable EBIT. A stronger U.S. dollar had a positive impact on the Canadian dollar equivalent segmented earnings from our Mexico operations. Earnings from our Mexico operations are underpinned by long-term, stable, primarily U.S. dollar-denominated revenue contracts, and are affected by the cost of providing service. Comparable EBITDA for Mexico Natural Gas Pipelines increased by US$66 million and US$133 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and was the net effect of: Depreciation and amortization increased by US$12 million and US$23 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 primarily due to the commencement of depreciation on Topolobampo and Mazatlán. The following is a reconciliation of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT (our non-GAAP measures) to segmented earnings (the equivalent GAAP measure). Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. Liquids Pipelines segmented earnings increased by $53 million and $68 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and included pre-tax charges related to Keystone XL costs for the maintenance of project assets which are being expensed pending further advancement of the project as well as unrealized gains from changes in the fair value of derivatives related to our liquids marketing business. Keystone Pipeline System earnings are generated primarily by providing pipeline capacity to shippers for fixed monthly payments that are not linked to actual throughput volumes. Uncontracted capacity is offered to the market on a spot basis and provides opportunities to generate incremental earnings. Comparable EBITDA for Liquids Pipelines increased by $56 million and $72 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and was the net effect of: Depreciation and amortization increased by $11 million and $16 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 as a result of new facilities being placed in service and the effect of a stronger U.S. dollar. The following is a reconciliation of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT (our non-GAAP measures) to segmented earnings (the equivalent GAAP measure). Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. Energy segmented earnings increased by $274 million and $598 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and included the following specific items: The variances in these unrealized gains and losses reflect the impact of changes in forward natural gas and power prices and the volume of our positions for these derivatives over a certain period of time, however, they do not accurately reflect the gains and losses that will be realized on settlement, or the offsetting impacts of other derivative and non-derivative transactions that make up our business as a whole. As a result, we do not consider them reflective of our underlying operations. The remainder of the Energy segmented earnings are equivalent to comparable EBIT and are discussed in the following sections. The following are the components of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT. Comparable EBITDA for Western Power increased by $5 million and $31 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016. Results from the Alberta PPAs are included up to March 7, 2016 when we terminated the PPAs for the Sundance A, Sundance B and Sheerness facilities. Depreciation and amortization decreased by $10 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 following the termination of the Alberta PPAs. Comparable EBITDA for Eastern Power decreased by $9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 mainly due to lower earnings on the sale of unused natural gas transportation. Bruce Power results reflect our proportionate share. The following is our proportionate share of the components of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT. Comparable EBITDA from Bruce Power increased by $112 million and $89 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly due to higher volumes resulting from fewer planned outage days, partially offset by higher interest expense. Planned outage work, which commenced on Unit 5 in February 2017, was completed in May 2017. Planned outages for Units 3 and 6 are scheduled to occur in second half of 2017. The overall average plant availability percentage in 2017 is expected to be approximately 90 per cent. Comparable EBITDA for Natural Gas Storage and Other increased by $2 million and $14 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly due to increased third party storage revenues as a result of higher realized natural gas storage price spreads. In second quarter 2017, we sold our U.S. Power generation assets and initiated the wind down of our TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd. (TCPM) operations. We expect to realize the value of the remaining TCPM marketing contracts and working capital over time. See Recent developments section for more details. The following are the components of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT. Comparable EBITDA for U.S. Power decreased by US$50 million and US$71 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly due to the sale of our generation assets in the second quarter 2017, partially offset by higher sales to customers in the PJM and New England wholesale markets. The following is a reconciliation of comparable EBITDA and comparable EBIT (our non-GAAP measures) to segmented losses (the equivalent GAAP measure). Certain costs previously reported in our Corporate segment are now being reported within the business segments to better align with how we measure our financial performance. 2016 results have been adjusted to reflect this change. Corporate segmented losses increased by $16 million and $22 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and included the following specific items that have been excluded from comparable EBIT: Interest expense increased by $10 million and $90 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and primarily reflects the net effect of: Allowance for funds used during construction AFUDC increased $10 million for both the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016. The increase in Canadian dollar-denominated AFUDC is primarily due to increased investment in our NGTL System expansions, while the year-to-date decrease in U.S. dollar-denominated AFUDC is primarily due to the completed construction of the Topolobampo and Mazatlán pipelines, partially offset by increased investment in projects acquired as part of the Columbia acquisition on July 1, 2016. Interest income and other increased by $83 million and $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 and was primarily the net effect of: Income tax expense included in comparable earnings increased by $9 million and $73 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 mainly as a result of higher pre-tax earnings in 2017 compared to 2016 and changes in the proportion of income earned between Canadian and foreign jurisdictions. Net income attributable to non-controlling interests increased by $13 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 primarily due to the acquisition of Columbia which included a non-controlling interest in CPPL. On February 17, 2017, we acquired all of the outstanding publicly held common units of CPPL. Preferred share dividends increased by $11 million and $30 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 primarily due to the issuance of Series 13 and Series 15 preferred shares in April 2016 and November 2016, respectively. On June 14, 2017, we announced an additional $2 billion expansion program on our NGTL System based on new contracted customer demand for approximately 3 Bcf/d of incremental firm receipt and delivery services. We also successfully concluded a recent expansion open season for incremental service at the Alberta/British Columbia export delivery point, which connects Canadian supply through our downstream pipelines to Pacific Northwest, California and Nevada markets. The open season was over-subscribed and all 381 MMcf/d of available expansion service was awarded under long-term contracts. This additional expansion program increases our overall near-term capital program for completion to 2021 on the NGTL System to $7.1 billion. On March 20, 2017, we filed an application with the NEB for a variance to the existing approvals for North Montney to remove the condition that the project could only proceed once a positive FID is made for the Pacific Northwest LNG project. North Montney is now underpinned by restructured, 20-year commercial contracts with shippers and is not dependent on the LNG project proceeding. On April 19, 2017, the NEB granted an interim extension of the sunset clause that was due to expire June 10, 2017 to March 31, 2018. In-service dates are planned for April 2019 and April 2020, subject to regulatory approval. On March 10, 2017, the Government of Canada approved the $0.4 billion Towerbirch Expansion project. The project consists of 55 km (34 miles) of 36-inch loop to the Groundbirch Mainline plus 32 km (20 miles) of new 30-inch pipe and four new meter stations. In February 2017, the B.C. Government approved the environmental assessment with conditions that have since been met. On March 13, 2017, we announced the successful conclusion of the long-term fixed-price open season on the Canadian Mainline for service from the Empress receipt point in Alberta to the Dawn hub in Southern Ontario. The open season resulted in binding, long-term contracts from WCSB gas producers to transport 1.5 PJ/d of natural gas at a simplified toll of $0.77/GJ. The term of each contract is 10 years and includes early termination rights that can be exercised following the initial five years of service and upon payment of an increased toll for the final two years of the contract. The application to the NEB for approval of the service was filed on April 26, 2017. The NEB is following a modified Streamlined Application Process with adjudication expected to follow after oral arguments are presented on September 11, 2017. The new service is requested to begin November 1, 2017. The Canadian Mainline has received requests for expansion capacity to the southern Ontario market plus delivery to Atlantic Canada via the TQM and PNGTS systems. The requests for approximately 80 MMcf/d of firm service underpin the need for new compression at the existing Maple compressor site. Customers have executed 15-year precedent agreements to proceed with the estimated $160 million project. Once we have completed our tariff process for this capacity addition, an application to the NEB for approval to proceed with the project is planned for early 2018 to meet a November 1, 2019 in-service date. The continuing delay in the FID for the LNG Canada project has triggered a restructuring of provisions in the Coastal GasLink project agreement with LNG Canada that will result in the payment of certain amounts to TransCanada with respect to carrying charges on costs incurred since inception of the project. An approximate $80 million payment will be received in September 2017, followed by quarterly payments of approximately $7 million until further notice. We continue to work with LNG Canada under the agreement towards a FID. On July 25, 2017, we were notified that PNW LNG would not be proceeding with their proposed LNG project. As part of our PRGT agreement, following receipt of a termination notice, we would be reimbursed for the full costs and carrying charges incurred to advance the PRGT project. We expect to receive this payment later in 2017. Sale of Iroquois and PNGTS to TC PipeLines, LP On June 1, 2017, we closed the sale of a 49.34 per cent interest in Iroquois Gas Transmission System, LP (Iroquois) and our remaining 11.81 per cent interest in Portland Natural Gas Transmission System (PNGTS) to TC PipeLines, LP valued at US$765 million. Proceeds were comprised of US$597 million in cash and US$168 million representing a proportionate share of Iroquois and PNGTS debt. FERC approvals and Notices to Proceed were received in first quarter 2017 for both the Leach XPress and Rayne XPress projects allowing construction activities to begin. The US$1.5 billion Leach XPress project and the US$0.4 billion Rayne XPress project are expected to be in service in November 2017. Great Lakes is required to file a new Section 4 rate case with rates effective no later than January 1, 2018 as part of the settlement agreement with shippers approved November 2013. On March 31, 2017, Great Lakes submitted a General Section 4 Rate Filing and Tariff Changes with the FERC. The rates proposed in the filing will be effective on October 1, 2017, subject to refund, if alternate resolution to the proceeding is not reached prior to that date. Great Lakes has initiated customer discussions regarding the details of the filing and will seek to achieve a mutually beneficial resolution through settlement with its customers. On February 17, 2017, we completed the acquisition, for cash, of all outstanding publicly held common units of CPPL at a price of US$17.00 and a stub period distribution payment of US$0.10 per common unit for an aggregate transaction value of US$921 million. In January 2017, the NEB appointed three new panel members to undertake the review of the Energy East and Eastern Mainline projects. The new NEB panel members voided all decisions made by the previous hearing panel and will decide how to move forward with the hearing. We are not required to refile the application and parties will not be required to reapply for intervener status. All other proceedings and associated deadlines are no longer applicable. If the new panel members determine that the project application is complete, the 21-month NEB review period will commence. On March 29, 2017, the NEB issued its decision to hear the Energy East and Eastern Mainline projects together. A hearing date has not yet been announced by the NEB. On May 10, 2017, the NEB solicited comments on a draft list of issues for the Energy East and Eastern Mainline projects with comments due from the general public on May 31, 2017. Energy East and Eastern Mainline projects provided their comments on the draft list of issues on June 21, 2017. At the same time, we provided our response to the comments received by the NEB from the general public. We are awaiting the NEB's decision on the final list of issues. In addition, we are awaiting further direction from the NEB regarding the regulatory review process. In February 2017, we filed an application with the Nebraska Public Service Commission (PSC) seeking approval for the Keystone XL pipeline route through that state. A hearing on the application is scheduled in August 2017 and a final decision on the proposed route is expected by the end of November 2017. In March 2017, the U.S. Department of State issued a U.S. Presidential Permit authorizing construction of the U.S./Canada border crossing facilities of the Keystone XL pipeline. We discontinued our claim under Chapter 11 of the North American Free Trade Agreement and have also withdrawn the U.S. Constitutional challenge. With the receipt of the U.S. Presidential Permit, we will continue to work through the Nebraska PSC process to obtain route approval through that state and with other U.S. federal agencies to obtain ancillary permits. Given the passage of time since the Keystone XL Presidential Permit application was previously denied in November 2015, we are updating the shipping contracts and anticipate the core contract shipper group will be modified with the introduction of new shippers and reductions in volume commitments by other shippers. We anticipate commercial support for the project to be substantially similar to that which existed when we first applied for Keystone XL. On July 27, 2017, we launched an open season to solicit additional binding commitments from interested parties for transportation of crude oil on the Keystone Pipeline and Keystone XL Pipeline project from Hardisty, Alberta to markets in Cushing, Oklahoma and the U.S. Gulf Coast. The open season will close on September 28, 2017. On June 1, 2017, the Grand Rapids pipeline, which will connect producing areas northwest of Fort McMurray, Alberta to terminals in the Edmonton/Heartland region, commenced line fill activities with anticipated in-service in third quarter 2017. On April 19, 2017, we closed the sale of TC Hydro to Great River Hydro, LLC for US$1.07 billion resulting in a gain of $717 million ($441 million after tax) recorded in second quarter 2017. On June 2, 2017, we closed the sale of Ravenswood, Ironwood, Ocean State Power and Kibby Wind to Helix Generation, LLC for US$2.029 billion. An additional loss on sale of approximately $219 million ($176 million after tax) was recorded in second quarter 2017, primarily related to an adjustment to the purchase price and repair costs for an unplanned outage at Ravenswood prior to close. Insurance recoveries for a portion of the repair costs are expected to be received by the end of 2017 and will partially reduce this loss. Proceeds from the sale transactions were used to fully retire the remaining bridge facilities that partially funded the acquisition of Columbia. After assessing our options, we initiated the wind down of our TCPM operations and will realize the value of the remaining marketing contracts and working capital over time. We strive to maintain strong financial capacity and flexibility in all parts of the economic cycle. We rely on our operating cash flow to sustain our business, pay dividends and fund a portion of our growth. In addition, we access capital markets to meet our financing needs, manage our capital structure and to preserve our credit ratings. We believe we have the financial capacity to fund our existing capital program through our predictable and growing cash flow from operations, access to capital markets (including through our At-The-Market (ATM) equity issuance program), our Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRP), portfolio management including proceeds from potential drop downs of additional natural gas pipeline assets to TC PipeLines, LP, cash on hand and substantial committed credit facilities. At June 30, 2017, our current assets were $4.9 billion and current liabilities were $10.1 billion, leaving us with a working capital deficit of $5.2 billion compared to a surplus of $0.4 billion at December 31, 2016. Our working capital deficiency is considered to be in the normal course of business and is managed through: Comparable funds generated from operations increased $352 million and $611 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same periods in 2016 primarily due to the increase in comparable earnings. Comparable distributable cash flow, a non-GAAP measure, helps us assess the cash available to common shareholders before capital allocation. The increase from second quarter 2016 to 2017 was driven by an increase in comparable funds generated from operations partially offset by higher maintenance capital expenditures, distributions paid to non-controlling interests and dividends on preferred shares. Comparable distributable cash flow per share in 2017 includes the dilutive effect of issuing 161 million common shares in 2016. Although we deduct maintenance capital expenditures in determining comparable distributable cash flow, in certain of our rate-regulated businesses maintenance capital expenditures are included in their respective rate bases on which we earn a regulated return and recover depreciation through future tolls. The following provides a breakdown of maintenance capital expenditures: Capital expenditures in 2017 were primarily related to: Costs incurred on Capital projects in development primarily relate to the Energy East and LNG pipeline projects. Contributions to equity investments have increased in 2017 compared to 2016 primarily due to our investments in Sur de Texas and Bruce Power and includes our proportionate share of Sur de Texas debt financing requirements. Restricted cash in 2016 represented the amount held in escrow at June 30, 2016 for the purchase of Columbia on July 1, 2016 and included the proceeds from the sale of subscription receipts, net of dividend equivalent payments, and draws on the committed bridge loan credit facilities. In second quarter 2017, we closed the sale of the our U.S. Northeast power assets for net proceeds of $4,147 million. The decrease in Other distributions from equity investments is primarily due to Bruce Power financings undertaken to fund its capital program and make distributions to its partners. In second quarter 2016, Bruce Power issued senior notes in the capital markets and borrowed under a bank credit facility which resulted in $725 million being received by us. In first quarter 2017, Bruce Power issued additional senior notes in the capital markets which resulted in $362 million being received by us. The acquisition bridge facilities were put into place to finance a portion of the Columbia acquisition. Proceeds from the sales of the U.S. Northeast power assets were used to fully retire the remaining acquisition bridge facilities in second quarter 2017. In May 2017, the Trust issued $1.5 billion of Trust Notes - Series 2017-B (Trust Notes) to third party investors with a fixed interest rate of 4.65 per cent for the first ten years converting to a floating rate thereafter. All of the proceeds of the issuance by the Trust were loaned to TCPL for $1.5 billion of junior subordinated notes of TCPL at an initial fixed rate of 4.90 per cent, including a 0.25 per cent administration charge. The rate will reset commencing May 2027 until May 2047 to the three month Bankers' Acceptance rate plus 3.33 per cent per annum; from May 2047 until May 2077, the interest rate will reset to the three month Bankers' Acceptance rate plus 4.08 per cent per annum. The junior subordinated notes are callable at TCPL's option at any time on or after May 18, 2027 at 100 per cent of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. In March 2017, the Trust issued US$1.5 billion of Trust Notes - Series 2017-A (Trust Notes) to third party investors with a fixed interest rate of 5.30 per cent for the first ten years converting to a floating rate thereafter. All of the proceeds of the issuance by the Trust were loaned to TCPL for US$1.5 billion of junior subordinated notes of TCPL at an initial fixed rate of 5.55 per cent, including a 0.25 per cent administration charge. The rate will reset commencing March 2027 until March 2047 to the three month LIBOR plus 3.458 per cent per annum; from March 2047 until March 2077, the interest rate will reset to the three month LIBOR plus 4.208 per cent per annum. The junior subordinated notes are callable at TCPL's option at any time on or after March 15, 2027 at 100 per cent of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. Pursuant to the terms of the Trust Notes and related agreements, in certain circumstances (1) TCPL may issue deferral preferred shares to holders of the Trust Notes in lieu of interest; and (2) TransCanada and TCPL would be prohibited from declaring or paying dividends on or redeeming their outstanding preferred shares (or, if none are outstanding, their respective common shares) until all deferral preferred shares are redeemed by TCPL. The Trust Notes may also be automatically exchanged for preferred shares of TCPL upon certain kinds of bankruptcy and insolvency events. All of these preferred shares would rank equally with any other outstanding first preferred shares of TCPL. Under our DRP, eligible holders of common and preferred shares of TransCanada can reinvest their dividends and make optional cash payments to obtain additional TransCanada common shares. Common shares are issued from treasury at a discount of two per cent. For the dividends declared on May 5, 2017, approximately 35 per cent of common share dividends declared were designated to be reinvested by shareholders in TransCanada common shares under the DRP. Since issuance under the DRP from treasury at a discount began in July 2016, the cumulative participation rate has been approximately 38 per cent of common shares, resulting in $773 million of common equity issued. In June 2017, we established an ATM program that allows us to issue common shares from treasury having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $1.0 billion or their U.S. dollar equivalent, from time to time, at our discretion, at the prevailing market price when sold through the Toronto Stock Exchange or the New York Stock Exchange. The ATM program, which is effective for a 25-month period, will be activated at our discretion, if and as required, based on the spend profile of TransCanada's capital program and relative cost of other funding options. At June 30, 2017, no common shares were issued under the program. During first and second quarter 2017, 1.6 million common units were issued under the TC PipeLines, LP ATM program generating net proceeds of approximately US$90 million. At June 30, 2017, our ownership interest in TC PipeLines, LP was 26.3 per cent as a result of issuances under the ATM program and resulting dilution. In connection with the late filing of an employee-related Form 8-K with the SEC, in March 2016, TC PipeLines, LP became ineligible to use the then effective shelf registration statement upon the filing of its 2015 Annual Report. As a result, it was determined that the purchasers of the 1.6 million common units that were issued from March 8, 2016 to May 19, 2016 under the ATM program may have a rescission right for an amount equal to the purchase price paid for the units, plus statutory interest and less any distributions paid, upon the return of such units to TC PipeLines, LP. All rescission rights have expired and no unitholder claimed or attempted to exercise any rescission rights prior to the expiration date. On July 27, 2017, we declared quarterly dividends as follows: We have several committed credit facilities that support our commercial paper programs and provide short-term liquidity for general corporate purposes. In addition, we have demand credit facilities that are also used for general corporate purposes, including issuing letters of credit and providing additional liquidity. At July 27, 2017, we had a total of $10.9 billion of committed revolving and demand credit facilities, including: At July 27, 2017, our operated affiliates had an additional $0.6 billion of undrawn capacity on committed credit facilities. See Financial risks and financial instruments for more information about liquidity, market and other risks. Our capital commitments have decreased by approximately $0.8 billion since December 31, 2016 primarily as a result of decreased commitments for the Sur de Texas and NGTL System natural gas pipelines due to the progression of construction. Transportation by others commitments have increased by approximately $0.6 billion since December 31, 2016 primarily related to Canadian Mainline contracts. Other Energy commitments have decreased by approximately $0.4 billion since December 31, 2016 as a result of the sale of our U.S. Northeast power assets. Our operating lease commitments at December 31, 2016 included future payments related to our U.S. Northeast power business. As a result of the completion of the thermal sale on June 2, 2017, the remaining future obligations included at December 31, 2016 have decreased by: $2 million in 2017, $52 million in 2018, $34 million in 2019 and $102 million in 2022 and beyond. There were no other material changes to our contractual obligations in second quarter 2017 or to payments due in the next five years or after. See the MD&A in our 2016 Annual Report for more information about our contractual obligations. Financial risks and financial instruments We are exposed to liquidity risk, counterparty credit risk and market risk, and have strategies, policies and limits in place to mitigate their impact on our earnings, cash flow and, ultimately, shareholder value. These are designed to ensure our risks and related exposures are in line with our business objectives and risk tolerance. See our 2016 Annual Report for more information about the risks we face in our business. Our risks have not changed substantially since December 31, 2016, other than described below. In second quarter 2017, we sold our U.S. Northeast merchant power generation assets and initiated the wind down of our TCPM operations. We expect to realize the value of the remaining marketing contracts and working capital over time. As a result, our exposure to commodity risk has been reduced. We manage our liquidity risk by continuously forecasting our cash flow for a 12 month period to ensure we have adequate cash balances, cash flow from operations, committed and demand credit facilities and access to capital markets to meet our operating, financing and capital expenditure obligations under both normal and stressed economic conditions. We have exposure to counterparty credit risk in the following areas: We review our accounts receivable regularly and record allowances for doubtful accounts using the specific identification method. At June 30, 2017, we had no significant credit losses, no significant credit risk concentration and no significant amounts past due or impaired. We have significant credit and performance exposure to financial institutions because they hold cash deposits and provide committed credit lines and letters of credit that help manage our exposure to counterparties and provide liquidity in commodity, foreign exchange and interest rate derivative markets. We hold a 60 per cent equity interest in a joint venture with IEnova to build, own and operate the Sur de Texas pipeline for which we account as an equity investment. On April 21, 2017, we issued a peso-denominated unsecured revolving credit facility to the joint venture. This $1 billion facility bears interest at a floating interest rate per annum. As at June 30, 2017, Intangible and other assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheet included a $341 million loan receivable from the Sur de Texas joint venture (December 31, 2016 - nil). This loan receivable represents our proportionate share of our affiliate's debt financing requirements and is included in Contributions to equity investments on our condensed consolidated statement of cash flow. Interest income and other included $3 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 as a result of inter-affiliate lending to the Sur de Texas joint venture (2016 - nil and nil). We generate revenues and incur expenses that are denominated in currencies other than Canadian dollars. As a result, our earnings and cash flows are exposed to currency fluctuations. A portion of our businesses generate earnings in U.S. dollars, but since we report our financial results in Canadian dollars, changes in the value of the U.S. dollar against the Canadian dollar can affect our net income. As our U.S. dollar-denominated operations continue to grow, this exposure increases. The majority of this risk is offset by interest expense on U.S. dollar-denominated debt and by using foreign exchange derivatives. We have floating interest rate debt which subjects us to interest rate cash flow risk. We manage this using a combination of interest rate swaps and options. The impact of changes in the value of the U.S. dollar on our U.S. operations is significantly offset by interest on U.S. dollar-denominated long-term debt, as set out in the table below. Comparable EBIT is a non-GAAP measure. See our Reconciliation of non-GAAP measures section for more information. We hedge our net investment in foreign operations (on an after-tax basis) with U.S. dollar-denominated debt, cross-currency interest rate swaps, foreign exchange forward contracts and foreign exchange options. The fair values and notional or principal amounts for the derivatives designated as a net investment hedge were as follows: All financial instruments, including both derivative and non-derivative instruments, are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value unless they were entered into and continue to be held for the purpose of receipt or delivery in accordance with our normal purchase and sales exemptions and are documented as such. In addition, fair value accounting is not required for other financial instruments that qualify for certain accounting exemptions. We use derivative instruments to reduce volatility associated with fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign exchange rates. We apply hedge accounting to derivative instruments that qualify and are designated for hedge accounting treatment. The majority of derivative instruments that are not designated or do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment have been entered into as economic hedges to manage our exposure to market risk (held for trading). Changes in the fair value of held for trading derivative instruments are recorded in net income in the period of change. This may expose us to increased variability in reported operating results since the fair value of the held for trading derivative instruments can fluctuate significantly from period to period. The balance sheet classification of the fair value of derivative instruments is as follows: The following summary does not include hedges of our net investment in foreign operations. The components of the condensed consolidated statement of OCI related to derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships including the portion attributable to non-controlling interests is as follows: Derivatives often contain financial assurance provisions that may require us to provide collateral if a credit risk related contingent event occurs (for example, if our credit rating is downgraded to non-investment grade). We may also need to provide collateral if the fair value of our derivative financial instruments exceeds pre-defined exposure limits. Based on contracts in place and market prices at June 30, 2017, the aggregate fair value of all derivative contracts with credit-risk-related contingent features that were in a net liability position was $11 million (December 31, 2016 - $19 million), with collateral provided in the normal course of business of nil (December 31, 2016 - nil). If the credit-risk-related contingent features in these agreements were triggered on June 30, 2017, we would have been required to provide additional collateral of $11 million (December 31, 2016 - $19 million) to our counterparties. Collateral may also need to be provided should the fair value of derivative instruments exceed pre-defined contractual exposure limit thresholds. We have sufficient liquidity in the form of cash and undrawn committed revolving bank lines to meet these contingent obligations should they arise. Management, including our President and CEO and our CFO, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as at June 30, 2017, as required by the Canadian securities regulatory authorities and by the SEC, and concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective at a reasonable assurance level. Effective April 1, 2017, management successfully integrated Columbia, which we acquired on July 1, 2016, to our existing enterprise resource planning (ERP) system. As a result of the Columbia ERP system integration, certain processes supporting our internal control over financial reporting for Columbia operations changed in second quarter 2017, however, the overall controls and procedures we follow in establishing internal controls over financial reporting were not significantly impacted. Assets attributable to Columbia represented approximately 17.4 per cent of our total assets as of June 30, 2017 and revenues attributable to Columbia for the six months ended June 30, 2017 represented approximately 15.1 per cent of our total revenues for that period. Other than this system implementation, there were no changes in second quarter 2017 that had or are likely to have a material impact on our internal control over financial reporting. When we prepare financial statements that conform with U.S. GAAP, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the timing and amount we record for our assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses because these items may be affected by future events. We base the estimates and assumptions on the most current information available, using our best judgement. We also regularly assess the assets and liabilities themselves. You can find a summary of our critical accounting estimates in our 2016 Annual Report. Our significant accounting policies have remained unchanged since December 31, 2016 other than described below. You can find a summary of our significant accounting policies in our 2016 Annual Report. Changes in accounting policies for 2017 In July 2015, the FASB issued new guidance on simplifying the measurement of inventory. The new guidance specifies that an entity should measure inventory within the scope of this guidance at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied prospectively and did not have a material impact on our consolidated balance sheet. In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that clarifies the requirements for assessing whether contingent call or put options that can accelerate the payment of principal on debt instruments are clearly and closely related to their debt hosts. The new guidance requires only an assessment of the four-step decision sequence outlined in U.S. GAAP to determine whether the economic characteristics and risks of call or put options are clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of their debt hosts. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied prospectively and has not resulted in any impact on our consolidated financial statements. In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that simplifies the transition to equity method accounting. The new guidance eliminates the requirement to retroactively apply the equity method of accounting when an increase in ownership interest in an investment qualifies it for equity method accounting. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied prospectively and has not resulted in any impact on our consolidated financial statements. In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statement of cash flows. The new guidance also permits entities to make an accounting policy election either to continue to estimate the total number of awards for which the requisite service period will not be rendered or to account for forfeitures when they occur. We have elected to account for forfeitures when they occur. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017 and resulted in a cumulative-effect adjustment of $12 million to opening retained earnings and the recognition of a deferred tax asset related to employee share-based payments made prior to the adoption of this guidance. In October 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on consolidation relating to interests held through related parties that are under common control. The new guidance amends the consolidation requirements such that if a decision maker is required to evaluate whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, it will need to consider only its proportionate indirect interest in the VIE held through a common control party. The new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied retrospectively and did not result in any change to our consolidation conclusions. In 2014, the FASB issued new guidance on revenue from contracts with customers. The new guidance requires that an entity recognize revenue in accordance with a five-step model. This model is used to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the total consideration to which it expects to be entitled during the term of the contract in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance also requires additional disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and the related cash flows. We will adopt the new standard on the effective date of January 1, 2018. There are two methods in which the new standard can be adopted: (1) a full retrospective approach with restatement of all prior periods presented, or (2) a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. We currently anticipate adopting the standard using the modified retrospective approach with the cumulative-effect of the adjustment recognized at the date of adoption, subject to allowable and elected practical expedients. We have identified all existing customer contracts that are within the scope of the new guidance and are on schedule in the process of analyzing individual contracts or groups of contracts by operating segment to identify any significant changes in how revenues are recognized as a result of implementing the new guidance. While we have not identified any material differences in the amount and timing of revenue recognition for the operating segments that have been analyzed to date, the evaluation is not complete and we have not concluded on the overall impact of adopting the new guidance. We continue our contract analysis to obtain the information necessary to quantify the cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, on prior period revenues and revenue recognized going forward. We also continue to address any system and process changes necessary to compile the information to meet the recognition and disclosure requirements of the new guidance. In January 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for equity investments and financial liabilities. The new guidance will change the income statement effect of equity investments and the recognition of changes in the fair value of financial liabilities when the fair value option is elected. The new guidance also requires us to assess valuation allowances for deferred tax assets related to available for sale debt securities in combination with their other deferred tax assets. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2018 and a method of adoption is specified for each component of the guidance. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and have not yet determined the effect on our consolidated financial statements. In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for leases. The new guidance amends the definition of a lease requiring the customer to have both (1) the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the asset and (2) the right to direct the use of the asset in order for an arrangement to qualify as a lease. The new guidance also establishes a right-of-use (ROU) model that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new guidance does not make extensive changes to lessor accounting. The new guidance is effective on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. We are continuing to identify and analyze existing lease agreements to determine the effect of adoption of the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements. We are also addressing system and process changes necessary to compile the information to meet the recognition and disclosure requirements of the new guidance. Measurement of credit losses on financial instruments In June 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that significantly changes how entities measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other financial instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income. The new guidance amends the impairment model of financial instruments basing it on expected losses rather than incurred losses. These expected credit losses will be recognized as an allowance rather than a direct write down of the amortized cost basis. The new guidance is effective January 1, 2020 and will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and have not yet determined the effect on our consolidated financial statements. In October 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the income tax effects of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. The new guidance requires the recognition of deferred and current income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer when the transfer occurs. The new guidance is effective January 1, 2018 and will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and have not yet determined the effect on our consolidated financial statements. In November 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on restricted cash and cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows. The new guidance requires that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total cash and cash equivalents balance, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Restricted cash and cash equivalents will be included with Cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of year and end of year total amounts on the statement of cash flows. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2018 and will be applied retrospectively, however, early adoption is permitted. In January 2017, the FASB issued new guidance on simplifying the test for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 of the impairment test, which is the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure the impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2020 and will be applied prospectively, however, early adoption is permitted. In March 2017, the FASB issued new guidance that will require entities to disaggregate the current service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost and present it with other current compensation costs for related employees in the income statement. The new guidance also requires that the other components of net benefit cost be presented elsewhere in the income statement and excluded from income from operations if such a subtotal is presented. In addition, the new guidance makes changes to the components of net benefit cost that are eligible for capitalization. Entities must use a retrospective transition method to adopt the requirement for separate presentation in the income statement of the components of net benefit cost, and a prospective transition method to adopt the change to capitalization of benefit costs. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance, however, do not expect a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. In March 2017, the FASB issued new guidance that shortens the amortization period for the premium on certain purchased callable debt securities by requiring entities to amortize the premium to the earliest call date. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2019 and will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and have not yet determined the effect on our consolidated financial statements. FACTORS AFFECTING QUARTERLY FINANCIAL INFORMATION BY BUSINESS SEGMENT Quarter-over-quarter revenues and net income sometimes fluctuate, the causes of which vary across our business segments. In our Canadian Natural Gas Pipelines, U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines and Mexico Natural Gas Pipelines segments, except for seasonal fluctuations in short-term throughput volumes on U.S. pipelines, quarter-over-quarter revenues and net income generally remain relatively stable during any fiscal year. Over the long term, however, they fluctuate because of: In Liquids Pipelines, revenues and net income are based on contracted crude oil transportation and uncommitted spot transportation. Quarter-over-quarter revenues and net income are also affected by: In Energy, quarter-over-quarter revenues and net income are affected by: We calculate comparable measures by adjusting certain GAAP and non-GAAP measures for specific items we believe are significant but not reflective of our underlying operations in the period. Comparable earnings exclude the unrealized gains and losses from changes in the fair value of certain derivatives used to reduce our exposure to certain financial and commodity price risks. These derivatives generally provide effective economic hedges, but do not meet the criteria for hedge accounting. As a result, the changes in fair value are recorded in net income. As these amounts do not accurately reflect the gains and losses that will be realized at settlement, we do not consider them reflective of our underlying operations. In third quarter 2015, comparable earnings excluded a charge of $6 million after-tax for severance costs as part of a restructuring initiative to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of our existing operations. See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements of TransCanada Corporation (TransCanada or the Company) have been prepared by management in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The accounting policies applied are consistent with those outlined in TransCanada's annual audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016, except as described in Note 2, Accounting changes. Capitalized and abbreviated terms that are used but not otherwise defined herein are identified in TransCanada's 2016 Annual Report. These condensed consolidated financial statements reflect adjustments, all of which are normal recurring adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to reflect fairly the financial position and results of operations for the respective periods. These condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all disclosures required in the annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the 2016 audited consolidated financial statements included in TransCanada's 2016 Annual Report. Certain comparative figures have been reclassified to conform with the current period's presentation. Earnings for interim periods may not be indicative of results for the fiscal year in the Company's natural gas pipelines segments due to the timing of regulatory decisions and seasonal fluctuations in short-term throughput volumes on U.S. pipelines. Earnings for interim periods may also not be indicative of results for the fiscal year in the Company's Energy segment due to the impact of seasonal weather conditions on customer demand and market pricing in certain of the Company's investments in electrical power generation plants and non-regulated gas storage facilities. USE OF ESTIMATES AND JUDGEMENTS In preparing these financial statements, TransCanada is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect both the amount and timing of recording assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses since the determination of these items may be dependent on future events. The Company uses the most current information available and exercises careful judgement in making these estimates and assumptions. In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements have been properly prepared within reasonable limits of materiality and within the framework of the Company's significant accounting policies included in the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016, except as described in Note 2, Accounting changes. CHANGES IN ACCOUNTING POLICIES FOR 2017 In July 2015, the FASB issued new guidance on simplifying the measurement of inventory. The new guidance specifies that an entity should measure inventory within the scope of this guidance at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied prospectively and did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated balance sheet. In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that clarifies the requirements for assessing whether contingent call or put options that can accelerate the payment of principal on debt instruments are clearly and closely related to their debt hosts. The new guidance requires only an assessment of the four-step decision sequence outlined in U.S. GAAP to determine whether the economic characteristics and risks of call or put options are clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of their debt hosts. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied prospectively and has not resulted in any impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that simplifies the transition to equity method accounting. The new guidance eliminates the requirement to retroactively apply the equity method of accounting when an increase in ownership interest in an investment qualifies it for equity method accounting. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied prospectively and has not resulted in any impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. In March 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statement of cash flows. The new guidance also permits entities to make an accounting policy election either to continue to estimate the total number of awards for which the requisite service period will not be rendered or to account for forfeitures when they occur. The Company has elected to account for forfeitures when they occur. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2017 and resulted in a cumulative-effect adjustment of $12 million to opening retained earnings and the recognition of a deferred tax asset related to employee share-based payments made prior to the adoption of this guidance. In October 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on consolidation relating to interests held through related parties that are under common control. The new guidance amends the consolidation requirements such that if a decision maker is required to evaluate whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, it will need to consider only its proportionate indirect interest in the VIE held through a common control party. The new guidance was effective January 1, 2017, was applied retrospectively and did not result in any change to the Company's consolidation conclusions. In 2014, the FASB issued new guidance on revenue from contracts with customers. The new guidance requires that an entity recognize revenue in accordance with a five-step model. This model is used to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the total consideration to which it expects to be entitled during the term of the contract in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance also requires additional disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and the related cash flows. The Company will adopt the new standard on the effective date of January 1, 2018. There are two methods in which the new standard can be adopted: (1) a full retrospective approach with restatement of all prior periods presented, or (2) a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company currently anticipates adopting the standard using the modified retrospective approach with the cumulative-effect of the adjustment recognized at the date of adoption, subject to allowable and elected practical expedients. The Company has identified all existing customer contracts that are within the scope of the new guidance and is on schedule in the process of analyzing individual contracts or groups of contracts by operating segment to identify any significant changes in how revenues are recognized as a result of implementing the new guidance. While the Company has not identified any material differences in the amount and timing of revenue recognition for the operating segments that have been analyzed to date, the evaluation is not complete and the Company has not concluded on the overall impact of adopting the new guidance. The Company continues its contract analysis to obtain the information necessary to quantify the cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, on prior period revenues and revenue recognized going forward. The Company also continues to address any system and process changes necessary to compile the information to meet the recognition and disclosure requirements of the new guidance. In January 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for equity investments and financial liabilities. The new guidance will change the income statement effect of equity investments and the recognition of changes in the fair value of financial liabilities when the fair value option is elected. The new guidance also requires the Company to assess valuation allowances for deferred tax assets related to available for sale debt securities in combination with their other deferred tax assets. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2018 and a method of adoption is specified for each component of the guidance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and has not yet determined the effect on its consolidated financial statements. In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for leases. The new guidance amends the definition of a lease requiring the customer to have both (1) the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the asset and (2) the right to direct the use of the asset in order for an arrangement to qualify as a lease. The new guidance also establishes a right-of-use (ROU) model that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new guidance does not make extensive changes to lessor accounting. The new guidance is effective on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company is continuing to identify and analyze existing lease agreements to determine the effect of adoption of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements. The Company is also addressing system and process changes necessary to compile the information to meet the recognition and disclosure requirements of the new guidance. Measurement of credit losses on financial instruments In June 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that significantly changes how entities measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other financial instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income. The new guidance amends the impairment model of financial instruments basing it on expected losses rather than incurred losses. These expected credit losses will be recognized as an allowance rather than a direct write down of the amortized cost basis. The new guidance is effective January 1, 2020 and will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and has not yet determined the effect on its consolidated financial statements. In October 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the income tax effects of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. The new guidance requires the recognition of deferred and current income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer when the transfer occurs. The new guidance is effective January 1, 2018 and will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and has not yet determined the effect on its consolidated financial statements. In November 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on restricted cash and cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows. The new guidance requires that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total cash and cash equivalents balance, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Restricted cash and cash equivalents will be included with Cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of year and end of year total amounts on the statement of cash flows. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2018 and will be applied retrospectively, however, early adoption is permitted. In January 2017, the FASB issued new guidance on simplifying the test for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 of the impairment test, which is the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure the impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2020 and will be applied prospectively, however, early adoption is permitted. In March 2017, the FASB issued new guidance that will require entities to disaggregate the current service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost and present it with other current compensation costs for related employees in the income statement. The new guidance also requires that the other components of net benefit cost be presented elsewhere in the income statement and excluded from income from operations if such a subtotal is presented. In addition, the new guidance makes changes to the components of net benefit cost that are eligible for capitalization. Entities must use a retrospective transition method to adopt the requirement for separate presentation in the income statement of the components of net benefit cost, and a prospective transition method to adopt the change to capitalization of benefit costs. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance, however, does not expect a material impact on its consolidated financial statements. In March 2017, the FASB issued new guidance that shortens the amortization period for the premium on certain purchased callable debt securities by requiring entities to amortize the premium to the earliest call date. This new guidance is effective January 1, 2019 and will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance and has not yet determined the effect on its consolidated financial statements. The effective tax rates for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 were 25 per cent and 30 per cent, respectively. The lower effective tax rate in 2017 was primarily the result of lower flow-through taxes in 2017 on Canadian regulated pipelines and changes in the proportion of income earned between Canadian and foreign jurisdictions. The Company issued long-term debt in the six months ended June 30, 2017 as follows: The Company retired long-term debt in the six months ended June 30, 2017 as follows: The acquisition bridge facilities were put into place to finance a portion of the Columbia acquisition. Proceeds from the sale of the U.S. Northeast power assets were used to fully retire the remaining acquisition bridge facilities in second quarter 2017. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, TransCanada capitalized interest related to capital projects of $56 million and $101 million (2016 - $46 million and $87 million). In May 2017, the Trust issued $1.5 billion of Trust Notes - Series 2017-B (Trust Notes) to third party investors with a fixed interest rate of 4.65 per cent for the first ten years converting to a floating rate thereafter. All of the proceeds of the issuance by the Trust were loaned to TCPL for $1.5 billion of junior subordinated notes of TCPL at an initial fixed rate of 4.90 per cent, including a 0.25 per cent administration charge. The rate will reset commencing May 2027 until May 2047 to the three month Bankers' Acceptance rate plus 3.33 per cent per annum; from May 2047 until May 2077, the interest rate will reset to the three month Bankers' Acceptance rate plus 4.08 per cent per annum. The junior subordinated notes are callable at TCPL's option at any time on or after May 18, 2027 at 100 per cent of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. In March 2017, the Trust issued US$1.5 billion of Trust Notes - Series 2017-A (Trust Notes) to third party investors with a fixed interest rate of 5.30 per cent for the first ten years converting to a floating rate thereafter. All of the proceeds of the issuance by the Trust were loaned to TCPL for US$1.5 billion of junior subordinated notes of TCPL at an initial fixed rate of 5.55 per cent, including a 0.25 per cent administration charge. The rate will reset commencing March 2027 until March 2047 to the three month LIBOR plus 3.458 per cent per annum; from March 2047 until March 2077, the interest rate will reset to the three month LIBOR plus 4.208 per cent per annum. The junior subordinated notes are callable at TCPL's option at any time on or after March 15, 2027 at 100 per cent of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. Pursuant to the terms of the Trust Notes and related agreements, in certain circumstances (1) TCPL may issue deferral preferred shares to holders of the Trust Notes in lieu of interest; and (2) TransCanada and TCPL would be prohibited from declaring or paying dividends on or redeeming their outstanding preferred shares (or, if none are outstanding, their respective common shares) until all deferral preferred shares are redeemed by TCPL. The Trust Notes may also be automatically exchanged for preferred shares of TCPL upon certain kinds of bankruptcy and insolvency events. All of these preferred shares would rank equally with any other outstanding first preferred shares of TCPL. On February 17, 2017, the Company acquired all outstanding publicly held common units of Columbia Pipeline Partners LP (CPPL) at a price of US$17.00 and a stub period distribution payment of US$0.10 per common unit for an aggregate transaction value of US$921 million. As this was a transaction between entities under common control, it was recognized in equity. At December 31, 2016, the entire $1,073 million (US$799 million) of the Company's non-controlling interest in CPPL was recorded as Common units subject to rescission or redemption on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. In March 2017, rescission rights on 0.4 million TC PipeLines, LP common units expired and $24 million was reclassified to equity. During second quarter 2017, rescission rights on the remaining 1.2 million TC PipeLines, LP common units expired and $82 million (US$63 million) was reclassified to equity. At June 30, 2017, there were no outstanding Common units subject to rescission or redemption on the condensed consolidated balance sheet (December 31, 2016 - $106 million (US$82 million)). 8. Other comprehensive loss and accumulated other comprehensive loss Components of other comprehensive loss, including the portion attributable to non-controlling interests and related tax effects, are as follows: The changes in AOCI by component are as follows: Details about reclassifications out of AOCI into the consolidated statement of income are as follows: The net benefit cost recognized for the Company's defined benefit pension plans (DB Plan) and other post-retirement benefit plans is as follows: Effective April 1, 2017, the Company closed its U.S. DB Plan to non-union new entrants. As of April 1, 2017, all non-union hires will participate in the existing defined contribution plan (DC Plan). Non-union U.S. employees who currently participate in the DC Plan will have one final election opportunity to become a member of the DB Plan as of January 1, 2018. TransCanada has exposure to market risk and counterparty credit risk, and has strategies, policies and limits in place to manage the impact of these risks on earnings and cash flow. TransCanada's maximum counterparty credit exposure with respect to financial instruments at June 30, 2017, without taking into account security held, consisted of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, available for sale assets recorded at fair value, the fair value of derivative assets, loans and advances receivable. The Company regularly reviews its accounts receivable and records an allowance for doubtful accounts as necessary using the specific identification method. At June 30, 2017, there were no significant amounts past due or impaired, no significant credit risk concentration and no significant credit losses during the period. Related party transactions are conducted in the normal course of business and are measured at the exchange amount, which is the amount of consideration established and agreed to by the related parties. TransCanada holds a 60 per cent equity interest in a joint venture with IEnova to build, own and operate the Sur de Texas pipeline for which it accounts as an equity investment. On April 21, 2017, TransCanada issued a peso-denominated unsecured revolving credit facility to the joint venture. This $1 billion facility bears interest at a floating interest rate per annum. As at June 30, 2017, Intangible and other assets on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet included a $341 million loan receivable from the Sur de Texas joint venture (December 31, 2016 - nil). This loan receivable represents TransCanada's proportionate share of its affiliate's debt financing requirements and is included in Contributions to equity investments on the Company's condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. Interest income and other included $3 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 as a result of inter-affiliate lending to the Sur de Texas joint venture (2016 - nil and nil). The Company hedges its net investment in foreign operations (on an after-tax basis) with U.S. dollar-denominated debt, cross-currency interest rate swaps and foreign exchange forward contracts and options. The notional amounts and fair value of U.S. dollar-denominated debt designated as a net investment hedge were as follows: The fair values and notional or principal amounts for the derivatives designated as a net investment hedge were as follows: Fair value of non-derivative financial instruments The fair value of Long-term debt and Junior subordinated notes is estimated using an income approach based on quoted market prices for the same or similar debt instruments from external data service providers. Available for sale assets are recorded at fair value which is calculated using quoted market prices where available. Certain non-derivative financial instruments included in cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, intangible and other assets, notes payable, accounts payable and other, accrued interest and other long-term liabilities have carrying amounts that approximate their fair value due to the nature of the item or the short time to maturity and would also be classified in Level II of the fair value hierarchy. Credit risk has been taken into consideration when calculating the fair value of non-derivative instruments. The following table details the fair value of the non-derivative financial instruments, excluding those where carrying amounts approximate fair value, and would be classified in Level II of the fair value hierarchy: The following tables summarize additional information about the Company's restricted investments that are classified as available for sale assets: The fair value of foreign exchange and interest rate derivatives has been calculated using the income approach which uses period end market rates and applies a discounted cash flow valuation model. The fair value of commodity derivatives has been calculated using quoted market prices where available. In the absence of quoted market prices, third-party broker quotes or other valuation techniques have been used. The fair value of options has been calculated using the Black-Scholes pricing model. Credit risk has been taken into consideration when calculating the fair value of derivative instruments. In some cases, even though the derivatives are considered to be effective economic hedges, they do not meet the specific criteria for hedge accounting treatment or are not designated as a hedge and are accounted for at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in net income in the period of change. This may expose the Company to increased variability in reported earnings because the fair value of the derivative instruments can fluctuate significantly from period to period. The balance sheet classification of the fair value of the derivative instruments as at June 30, 2017 is as follows: The balance sheet classification of the fair value of the derivative instruments as at December 31, 2016 is as follows: The majority of derivative instruments held for trading have been entered into for risk management purposes and all are subject to the Company's risk management strategies, policies and limits. These include derivatives that have not been designated as hedges or do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment but have been entered into as economic hedges to manage the Company's exposures to market risk. The maturity and notional principal or quantity outstanding related to the Company's derivative instruments excluding hedges of the net investment in foreign operations is as follows: The following summary does not include hedges of the net investment in foreign operations. The components of OCI (Note 8) related to derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships including the portion attributable to non-controlling interests are as follows: The Company enters into derivative contracts with the right to offset in the normal course of business as well as in the event of default. TransCanada has no master netting agreements, however, similar contracts are entered into containing rights to offset. The Company has elected to present the fair value of derivative instruments with the right to offset on a gross basis in the balance sheet. The following table shows the impact on the presentation of the fair value of derivative instrument assets and liabilities had the Company elected to present these contracts on a net basis: The following table shows the impact on the presentation of the fair value of derivative instrument assets and liabilities had the Company elected to present these contracts on a net basis as at December 31, 2016: With respect to the derivative instruments presented above as at June 30, 2017, the Company provided cash collateral of $381 million (December 31, 2016 - $305 million) and letters of credit of $7 million (December 31, 2016 - $27 million) to its counterparties. The Company held nil (December 31, 2016 - nil) in cash collateral and $3 million (December 31, 2016 - $3 million) in letters of credit from counterparties on asset exposures at June 30, 2017. Derivative contracts entered into to manage market risk often contain financial assurance provisions that allow parties to the contracts to manage credit risk. These provisions may require collateral to be provided if a credit-risk-related contingent event occurs, such as a downgrade in the Company's credit rating to non-investment grade. Based on contracts in place and market prices at June 30, 2017, the aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features that were in a net liability position was $11 million (December 31, 2016 - $19 million), for which the Company had provided collateral in the normal course of business of nil (December 31, 2016 - nil). If the credit-risk-related contingent features in these agreements were triggered on June 30, 2017, the Company would have been required to provide additional collateral of $11 million (December 31, 2016 - $19 million) to its counterparties. Collateral may also need to be provided should the fair value of derivative instruments exceed pre-defined contractual exposure limit thresholds. The Company has sufficient liquidity in the form of cash and undrawn committed revolving credit facilities to meet these contingent obligations should they arise. The Company's financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value have been categorized into three categories based on a fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the Company's derivative assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis, including both current and non-current portions for 2017, are categorized as follows: The fair value of the Company's derivative assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis, including both current and non-current portions for 2016, are categorized as follows: The following table presents the net change in fair value of derivative assets and liabilities classified as Level III of the fair value hierarchy: A 10 per cent increase or decrease in commodity prices, with all other variables held constant, would result in a $1 million increase or $3 million decrease, respectively, in the fair value of outstanding derivative instruments included in Level III as at June 30, 2017. On June 1, 2017, TransCanada completed the sale of its 49.34 per cent interest in Iroquois and its remaining 11.81 per cent interest in PNGTS to TC PipeLines LP, valued at US$765 million. Proceeds were comprised of US$597 million in cash and US$168 million representing a proportionate share of Iroquois and PNGTS debt. In second quarter 2017, the Company completed its procedures over measuring the volume of base gas acquired as part of the acquisition of Columbia. As a result, the Company prospectively decreased the fair value of base gas by $116 million (US$90 million). This impacted the purchase price equation by decreasing property, plant and equipment by $116 million (US$90 million), decreasing deferred tax liabilities by $45 million (US$35 million) and increasing goodwill by $71 million (US$55 million). This adjustment did not impact the Company's net income. On June 2, 2017, TransCanada completed the sale of Ravenswood, Ironwood, Kibby Wind and Ocean State Power for proceeds of approximately US$2.029 billion, subject to post-closing adjustments. The Company recorded an additional loss on sale of $219 million ($176 million after tax) which included $2 million in foreign currency translation gains. The additional loss was primarily related to an adjustment to the purchase price and repair costs for an unplanned outage at Ravenswood prior to close. In 2016, the Company recorded a loss of approximately $829 million ($863 million after tax) which included the impact of an estimated $70 million of foreign currency translation gains. The actual foreign currency translation gains of $72 million were reclassified from AOCI to Net income on closing of the transaction. On April 19, 2017, the Company completed the sale of TC Hydro for gross proceeds of US$1.07 billion, subject to post-closing adjustments. As a result, the Company recorded a gain on sale of approximately $717 million ($441 million after tax) including the impact of an estimated $5 million of foreign currency translation gains which were reclassified from AOCI to net income. Gains and losses from these sales are included in Gain/(loss) on sale of assets in the condensed consolidated statement of income. The proceeds received from the sale of the U.S. Northeast Power Assets were used to fully repay the outstanding balances on the Company's acquisition bridge facilities that partially funded the acquisition of Columbia. TransCanada's operating lease commitments at December 31, 2016 included future payments related to our U.S. Northeast power assets. As a result of the completion of the thermal sale on June 2, 2017, the remaining future obligations included at December 31, 2016 have decreased by: $2 million in 2017, $52 million in 2018, $34 million in 2019 and $102 million in 2022 and beyond. TransCanada and its subsidiaries are subject to various legal proceedings, arbitrations and actions arising in the normal course of business. While the final outcome of such legal proceedings and actions cannot be predicted with certainty, it is the opinion of management that the resolution of such proceedings and actions will not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations. In March 2017, the U.S. Department of State issued a U.S. Presidential Permit authorizing construction of the U.S./Canada border crossing facilities of the Keystone XL pipeline. TransCanada discontinued the claim under Chapter 11 of the North American Free Trade Agreement and has also withdrawn the U.S. Constitutional challenge. TransCanada and its partner on the Sur de Texas pipeline, IEnova, have jointly guaranteed the obligations for construction services during the construction of the pipeline. TransCanada and its joint venture partner on Bruce Power, BPC Generation Infrastructure Trust, have each severally guaranteed certain contingent financial obligations of Bruce Power related to a lease agreement and contractor and supplier services. The Company and its partners in certain other jointly owned entities have either (i) jointly and severally, (ii) jointly or (iii) severally guaranteed the financial performance of these entities. Such agreements include guarantees and letters of credit which are primarily related to delivery of natural gas, construction services and the payment of liabilities. For certain of these entities, any payments made by TransCanada under these guarantees in excess of its ownership interest are to be reimbursed by its partners. The carrying value of these guarantees has been included in other long-term liabilities. Information regarding the Company's guarantees is as follows: The Company consolidates a number of entities that are considered to be VIEs. A VIE is a legal entity that does not have sufficient equity at risk to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support or is structured such that equity investors lack the ability to make significant decisions relating to the entity's operations through voting rights or do not substantively participate in the gains and losses of the entity. In the normal course of business, the Company consolidates VIEs in which it has a variable interest and for which it is considered to be the primary beneficiary. VIEs in which the Company has a variable interest but is not the primary beneficiary are considered non-consolidated VIEs and are accounted for as equity investments. The Company's consolidated VIEs consist of legal entities where the Company has the power, through voting or similar rights, to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact economic performance including purchasing or selling significant assets; maintenance and operations of assets; incurring additional indebtedness; or determining the strategic operating direction of the entity. In addition, the Company has the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the consolidated VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. A significant portion of the Company's assets are held through VIEs in which the Company holds a 100 per cent voting interest, the VIE meets the definition of a business and the VIE's assets can be used for general corporate purposes. The assets and liabilities of the consolidated VIEs whose assets cannot be used for purposes other than the settlement of the VIE's obligations are as follows: The Company's non-consolidated VIEs consist of legal entities where the Company does not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of these VIEs or where this power is shared with third parties. The Company contributes capital to these VIEs and receives ownership interests that provide it with residual claims on assets after liabilities are paid. The carrying value of these VIEs and the maximum exposure to loss as a result of the Company's involvement with these VIEs are as follows: On July 25, 2017, the Company was notified that PNW LNG would not be proceeding with their proposed LNG project. As part of the PRGT agreement, following receipt of a termination notice, TransCanada would be reimbursed for the full costs and carrying charges incurred to advance the PRGT project. At June 30, 2017, approximately $0.5 billion was included in Intangible and other assets on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet.


News Article | July 11, 2017
Site: www.marketwired.com

NEW YORK, NY--(Marketwired - Jul 11, 2017) - Energy Impact Partners LP (EIP) today announced the addition of TransCanada Corporation (TransCanada) -- a North American energy infrastructure leader with natural gas and liquids pipelines, power generation and gas storage facilities -- as the latest investor in its Nexus strategic partner network. TransCanada joins Southern Company, National Grid plc, Xcel Energy Inc., AGL, Avista Corp., Fortis Inc., Ameren Corp., Great Plains Energy Inc., Madison Gas and Electric Co., TEPCO, PTT Public Company Limited, and OGE Energy Corp. as Nexus Partners working collaboratively to identify and invest in innovative products, technologies, and business models within the emerging energy economy. TransCanada President and Chief Executive Officer, Russ Girling commented, "We are pleased to become members of EIP's strategic partner network, which gives us the unique opportunity to collaborate with many of the world's leading energy companies. This partnership will provide us strategic insight into emerging technologies that can be opportunities for TransCanada, the energy industry and our customers." "Energy Impact Partners is delighted to welcome TransCanada to our team," said EIP CEO and Managing Partner Hans Kobler. "With its 65-year record of industry innovation and leadership, TransCanada is sure to add invaluable perspective to our efforts. We look forward to working with TransCanada to further strengthen the global energy economy." EIP is a private equity firm that strategically invests in innovative technologies, services, and products throughout the electricity supply chain from generation to consumption. The firm's most recent investments include Advanced Microgrid Solutions (AMS), a supplier of energy storage solutions for energy management and utility services; Powerphase, a provider of advanced gas turbine upgrade technology; and CIMCON Lighting, a provider of hardware, communications, and software to enable smart city applications. About Energy Impact Partners Energy Impact Partners is a collaborative strategic investment firm that invests in companies optimizing energy consumption and improving sustainable energy generation. Through close collaboration with its strategic investor base, EIP seeks to bring the best companies, buying power and vision in the industry to bear on the emerging energy landscape. EIP's partners include Southern Company, National Grid, Xcel Energy, Ameren, Great Plains Energy, Fortis Inc., AGL, Avista, Madison Gas and Electric Co., TEPCO, PTT Public Company Limited, and TransCanada Corporation. For more information, visit http://www.energyimpactpartners.com. About TransCanada Corporation With more than 65 years' experience, TransCanada is a leader in the responsible development and reliable operation of North American energy infrastructure including natural gas and liquids pipelines, power generation and gas storage facilities. TransCanada operates one of the largest natural gas transmission networks that extends more than 91,500 kilometres (56,900 miles), tapping into virtually all major gas supply basins in North America. TransCanada is the continent's leading provider of gas storage and related services with 653 billion cubic feet of storage capacity. A large independent power producer, TransCanada currently owns or has interests in approximately 6,200 megawatts of power generation in Canada and the United States. TransCanada is also the developer and operator of one of North America's leading liquids pipeline systems that extends over 4,300 kilometres (2,700 miles), connecting growing continental oil supplies to key markets and refineries. TransCanada's common shares trade on the Toronto and New York stock exchanges under the symbol TRP. Visit TransCanada.com to learn more, or connect with us on social media and 3BL Media.


The Public International Law Practice focuses on international disputes, treaty interpretation, and global investment protection and represents clients in the negotiation, enforcement, and implementation of international agreements. The practice group adds to the capabilities of the firm's renowned litigation, international arbitration and public policy services for clients in a wide array of industries. While at the State Department, Mr. Pearsall led a team of lawyers who represented the United States in investor-state and state-to-state disputes. His team successfully defended a $15 billion North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Chapter 11 claim brought by TransCanada in connection with the Keystone XL Pipeline. Mr. Pearsall successfully defended the US in a NAFTA Chapter 11 claim brought by Canadian pharmaceutical company Apotex and in a state-to-state case brought by Ecuador under the US-Ecuador bilateral investment treaty. He also oversaw several important submissions on behalf of the US that clarified key treaty obligations, perhaps most notably in the groundbreaking Eli Lily v. Canada NAFTA Chapter 11 dispute. Mr. Pearsall was the lead lawyer for the US on several significant cross-border infrastructure project permitting reviews, including the Keystone XL Pipeline.  He participated in the negotiation for the US of several major trade and investment agreements, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, the Mauritius Convention and the bilateral investment treaty with China. He also served as the lead negotiator on several multilateral treaties relating to ocean and fisheries issues. "We are thrilled to have Patrick on board, as he will enhance our capacity in the important investor-state sphere of international arbitrations.  In his eight years at the State Department he took a leadership role in many high-stakes public international law arbitrations, projects and agreements and is deeply familiar with the process and the players on a global basis," said New York Partner Richard F. Ziegler, co-chair of the firm's International Arbitration Practice. Charlie Lightfoot, International Arbitration Practice co-chair and London office managing partner, added, "Patrick brings a sought-after dimension to the sophisticated representation we already offer clients in their cross-border matters. He has negotiated the treaties that currently govern some international arbitrations.  In addition to his role in investor-state disputes, Patrick will also be a key player in our international commercial arbitration practice." "Jenner & Block's reputation in international arbitration and public policy, along with its values of professional excellence and public service, make it an ideal firm for me to further develop my practice," said Mr. Pearsall. "I am excited for this new chapter in my career and I look forward to working with the firm's highly regarded lawyers across practices." The Global Arbitration Review/Who's Who Legal identified Mr. Pearsall as a "Future Leader (Under 45)" earlier this year.  He served as the US delegate to the International Court of Arbitration's (ICC) Task Force on Arbitration with States or State-Owned Entities and served on its Special Drafting Committee for revisions of the 2012 ICC Rules. He is a steering committee member of the International Bar Association's Sub-Committee on Investor State Arbitration.  Mr. Pearsall also has published articles and papers on both commercial and investor-state arbitration, and is a frequent speaker at conferences on cross-border dispute resolution and international investment issues.  Mr. Pearsall is an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center on public international law dispute resolution and investment arbitration; he has also lectured on international arbitration at Columbia Law School, Harvard Law School, and Yale Law School, among others. Before joining the State Department, Mr. Pearsall was a lawyer in in private practice in New York. He served as a law clerk for the ICC in Paris after a judicial externship for the Hon. Sonya Sotomayor in the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Mr. Pearsall earned his J.D. from Columbia Law School, serving as head articles editor for the Columbia Journal of Transnational Law and senior editor for the American Review of International Arbitration. He received his B.A., magna cum laude, from Columbia College. In addition to Mr. Pearsall, Jenner & Block has hired five lawyers into the partnership from government since January, including Ian Gershengorn (DC, September 2017 start), David Bitkower (DC), Kali Bracey (DC), Brandon Fox (LA), and Howard Symons (DC). The firm has a long tradition of its lawyers moving between private law and government service. ABOUT JENNER & BLOCK'S PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW PRACTICE Jenner & Block's Public International Law Practice provides counsel on international disputes, treaty interpretation, and global investment protection. The practice offers pre-dispute strategies for resolving matters prior to litigation or arbitration, and representation in negotiations between sovereigns and private entities.  We also represent clients in the enforcement and implementation of international agreements, both investment and commercial, and have successfully served as counsel to both sovereign states and claimants in disputes under the rules of the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), International Court of Arbitration (ICC), and United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). In addition to providing clients with strategic counsel on all aspects of international disputes and negotiations, our lawyers work seamlessly with the firm's other practice groups, providing insight into how international law affects trade, commerce and public policy, both domestically and abroad. ABOUT JENNER & BLOCK'S INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION PRACTICE Jenner & Block's lawyers frequently act for parties in international commercial arbitrations seated in Europe, North America and Asia, both ad hoc and administered by numerous arbitral institutions. The firm uses best-in-class legal analysis, skillful advocacy and decades of international and domestic experience to obtain successful outcomes for our clients in arbitrations worldwide.  Chambers USA has said of the practice, "Market sources admire this terrific disputes team: 'It quickly identifies the weakness in the other party's case and goes after it to win.'"  In 2015, the practice was ranked as a "Tier 1" practice, nationally, by U.S. News-Best Lawyers, in its annual ranking of more than 9,600 law firms across the country. Our lawyers have particular experience advising in relation to disputes in the financial services, real estate, energy and resources, construction, defense, telecommunications, automotive, healthcare and life sciences/pharmaceutical sectors.  Our international arbitration lawyers have acted in cross-border commercial and investment arbitrations administered by institutions, including the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA), International Court of Arbitrations (ICC), International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), American Arbitration Association/ International Centre for Dispute Resolution (AAA/ICDR) and the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC). ABOUT JENNER & BLOCK Jenner & Block (www.jenner.com) is a law firm with global reach, with more than 500 lawyers and offices in Chicago, London, Los Angeles, New York and Washington, DC.  The firm is known for its prominent and successful litigation practice and experience handling sophisticated and high-profile corporate transactions.  Firm clients include Fortune 100 companies, large privately held corporations, financial services institutions, emerging companies and venture capital and private equity investors.  In 2016, The American Lawyer named Jenner & Block to the A-List, which recognizes the top 20 US law firms.  The American Lawyer also recognized the firm as the #1 pro bono firm in the United States six of the past nine years; the firm has been ranked among the top 10 in this category every year since 1990. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/us-chief-of-investment-arbitration-joins-jenner--block-and-chairs-new-public-international-law-practice-300462256.html


On Wednesday, shares in Tulsa, Oklahoma headquartered The Williams Cos. Inc. recorded a trading volume of 4.76 million shares. The stock ended the session 0.69% lower at $30.28. The Company's shares have gained 7.11% over the previous three months. The stock is trading 1.38% above its 50-day moving average and 2.61% above its 200-day moving average. Moreover, shares of Williams Cos., which operates as an energy infrastructure company primarily in the US, have a Relative Strength Index (RSI) of 51.73. On May 08th, 2017, research firm Wells Fargo upgraded the Company's stock rating from 'Market Perform' to 'Outperform'. Free research report on WMB is available at: Tulsa, Oklahoma headquartered Magellan Midstream Partners L.P.'s stock closed the day 0.04% higher at $74.69 with a total trading volume of 298,881 shares. The Company's shares are trading 1.87% above their 200-day moving average. Shares of the company, which engages in the transportation, storage, and distribution of refined petroleum products and crude oil in the US, have an RSI of 51.88. On May 04th, 2017, research firm Credit Suisse upgraded the Company's stock rating from 'Underperform' to 'Neutral'. The complimentary research report on MMP can be downloaded at: Shares in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania headquartered Rice Midstream Partners L.P. recorded a trading volume of 113,342 shares. The stock ended yesterday's trading session 0.79% lower at $25.17. The Company's shares have advanced 2.94% in the previous three months and 2.40% on an YTD basis. The stock is trading above its 50-day and 200-day moving averages by 0.07% and 7.50%, respectively. Furthermore, shares of Rice Midstream Partners, which owns, operates, develops, and acquires midstream assets in the Appalachian Basin, have an RSI of 50.02. Visit us today and access our complete research report on RMP at: Calgary, Canada headquartered TransCanada Corp.'s stock finished Wednesday's session 1.04% higher at $47.50 with a total trading volume of 806,173 shares. The Company's shares have advanced 0.40% in the last one month, 0.83% over the previous three months, and 5.20% since the start of this year. The stock is trading above its 50-day and 200-day moving averages by 2.06% and 2.50%, respectively. Additionally, shares of TransCanada, which operates as an energy infrastructure company in North America, have an RSI of 58.47. Get free access to your research report on TRP at: Stock Callers (SC) produces regular sponsored and non-sponsored reports, articles, stock market blogs, and popular investment newsletters covering equities listed on NYSE and NASDAQ and micro-cap stocks. SC has two distinct and independent departments. 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News Article | May 9, 2017
Site: www.marketwired.com

CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - May 9, 2017) - Media Advisory - TransCanada Corporation (TSX:TRP)(NYSE:TRP) (TransCanada) has unveiled a new corporate website that will provide a more user-friendly experience for the public and business community. TransCanada.com has been designed to ensure both desktop and mobile visitors are more nimbly able to navigate extensive, easy-to-understand and relevant information about our role in safely providing the energy North Americans rely on every day. "Whether it's landowners, shareholders, investors or the Indigenous communities we work with, there's something we've heard across the board: 'TransCanada needs to tell its story better.' This new website is a big step for us in doing just that," said Kristine Delkus, TransCanada's executive vice-president, stakeholder and technical services and general counsel. "Being accessible is very important to us. We visit homes and communities to answer questions every day, but the website is our 24-hour open house." Delkus adds the website will feature examples of the important role TransCanada plays in making a difference in the communities where we operate, and highlight our commitment in doing our part to help ensure a better future for the next generation and the environment. Some of TransCanada.com's new features include: Visitors to the new site can stay informed by subscribing to the latest news about the company. The new website also allows easy sharing of information across Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn. If you like what you see, or have another comment about the new website, please email us at web_communications@transcanada.com. With more than 65 years' experience, TransCanada is a leader in the responsible development and reliable operation of North American energy infrastructure including natural gas and liquids pipelines, power generation and gas storage facilities. TransCanada operates a network of natural gas pipelines that extends more than 91,500 kilometres (56,900 miles), tapping into virtually all major gas supply basins in North America. TransCanada is the continent's leading provider of gas storage and related services with 653 billion cubic feet of storage capacity. A large independent power producer, TransCanada currently owns or has interests in over 10,100 megawatts of power generation in Canada and the United States. TransCanada is also the developer and operator of one of North America's leading liquids pipeline systems that extends over 4,300 kilometres (2,700 miles), connecting growing continental oil supplies to key markets and refineries. TransCanada's common shares trade on the Toronto and New York stock exchanges under the symbol TRP. Visit TransCanada.com to learn more, or connect with us on social media and 3BL Media.


CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - 10 mai 2017) - TransCanada Corporation (TSX:TRP) (NYSE:TRP) (« TransCanada ») a annoncé aujourd'hui l'approbation par ses actionnaires de la nomination des 12 candidats aux postes d'administrateurs de TransCanada. Au cours de l'assemblée annuelle 2017 des actionnaires, qui s'est tenue un peu plus tôt aujourd'hui, chacun des 12 candidats suivants a été élu administrateur de TransCanada, par vote au scrutin secret, pour remplir son mandat jusqu'à la prochaine assemblée annuelle de TransCanada, ou jusqu'à ce qu'un successeur soit élu ou nommé : Les résultats définitifs de toutes les questions soumises à un vote lors de l'assemblée seront déposés sur SEDAR (www.sedar.com) et EDGAR (www.sec.gov) et affichés dans la section Centre des investisseurs du site de la société à l'adresse www.transcanada.com au plus tard le mardi 9 mai 2017. Forte de plus de 65 années d'expérience, la société TransCanada est l'un des chefs de file dans les secteurs du développement responsable et de l'exploitation fiable d'infrastructures énergétiques en Amérique du Nord, incluant des gazoducs et des oléoducs, ainsi que des installations de production d'énergie électrique et de stockage de gaz. TransCanada exploite un réseau de gazoducs qui s'étend sur plus de 91 500 kilomètres (56 900 miles), exploitant presque tous les grands bassins d'approvisionnement gazier d'Amérique du Nord. TransCanada est le plus important fournisseur de services de stockage de gaz et de services connexes du continent avec une capacité de stockage de gaz de 18,4 milliards de mètres cubes (653 milliards de pieds cubes). Grande productrice d'électricité indépendante, la société TransCanada possède plus de 10 100 mégawatts de production d'énergie au Canada et aux États-Unis, ou en détient une participation. TransCanada est également le promoteur et l'exploitant de l'un des principaux réseaux de transport par pipeline acheminant des liquides en Amérique du Nord, d'une longueur de 4 300 kilomètres (2 700 miles), reliant les sources croissantes d'approvisionnement en pétrole et liquides du continent aux marchés et raffineries clés. Les actions ordinaires de TransCanada se négocient sous le symbole TRP aux bourses de Toronto et de New York. Consultez le site TransCanada.com et notre blogue pour en savoir davantage, ou suivez-nous sur les réseaux sociaux et 3BL Media. Le présent communiqué de presse peut contenir certains énoncés prospectifs sujets à des incertitudes et à des risques importants (ces énoncés sont généralement accompagnés de mots comme « anticipe », « s'attend à », « croit », « pourrait », « aura », « devrait », « estime », « prévoit » ou d'autres termes similaires). Tous les énoncés prospectifs contenus dans le présent document visent à fournir, aux porteurs de titres de TransCanada et aux investisseurs éventuels, des informations relatives à TransCanada et à ses filiales, y compris l'évaluation, par la direction, des plans et des perspectives financières et opérationnelles futures de TransCanada et de ses filiales. Tous les énoncés prospectifs sont fondés sur les convictions et les hypothèses de TransCanada reposant sur les renseignements accessibles au moment de la formulation de ces énoncés et, par conséquent, ne constituent pas des garanties quant à la performance future de la société. Les lecteurs sont invités à ne pas accorder une confiance excessive à ces énoncés prospectifs, fournis à la date de leur mention dans le présent communiqué de presse, et de ne pas utiliser les renseignements prospectifs ou les perspectives financières à d'autres fins que leur but. La société TransCanada n'est aucunement tenue d'actualiser ou de réviser tout énoncé prospectif, sauf si la loi l'exige. Pour tout renseignement complémentaire sur les hypothèses présentées ainsi que sur les risques et incertitudes pouvant causer une différence entre les résultats réels et ceux prévus, veuillez vous reporter au rapport trimestriel aux actionnaires en date du 4 mai 2017 et au rapport annuel 2016 de TransCanada, tous deux déposés sous le profil de TransCanada sur le site de SEDAR, à www.sedar.com, et auprès de la Securities and Exchange Commission des États-Unis, à www.sec.gov.


News Article | May 10, 2017
Site: www.marketwired.com

CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - 10 mai 2017) - Communiqué de presse - TransCanada Corporation (TSX:TRP)(NYSE:TRP) (« TransCanada » ou la « Société ») a annoncé aujourd'hui que son conseil d'administration (le « Conseil ») a déclaré un dividende trimestriel de 0,625 $ par action ordinaire, pour le trimestre clos le 30 juin 2017, sur les actions ordinaires en circulation de la Société. Ce dividende sur les actions ordinaires est payable le 31 juillet 2017 aux actionnaires inscrits aux registres à la fermeture des marchés le 30 juin 2017. Le Conseil a également déclaré des dividendes trimestriels sur les actions privilégiées TransCanada de premier rang à dividende cumulatif en circulation, comme suit : Ces dividendes sont désignés par TransCanada à titre de dividendes admissibles en vertu de la Loi de l'impôt sur le revenu (LIR) (Canada) et de toute législation provinciale ou territoriale similaire. Un crédit d'impôt bonifié pour dividendes s'applique aux dividendes admissibles versés aux résidents canadiens. Le Conseil a également approuvé l'émission de nouvelles actions ordinaires moyennant un escompte de deux pour cent en vertu du Plan de réinvestissement des dividendes de TransCanada. Dans le cadre de ce plan, les investisseurs qui possèdent des actions ordinaires ou privilégiées de TransCanada peuvent recevoir des actions ordinaires au lieu de paiements de dividendes en espèces. Pour de plus amples renseignements, notamment sur la manière de s'inscrire à ce programme, veuillez consulter le site suivant : http://www.transcanada.com/drip.html. Forte de plus de 65 années d'expérience, la société TransCanada est l'un des chefs de file dans les secteurs du développement responsable et de l'exploitation fiable d'infrastructures énergétiques en Amérique du Nord, incluant des gazoducs et des oléoducs, ainsi que des installations de production d'énergie électrique et de stockage de gaz. TransCanada exploite un réseau de gazoducs qui s'étend sur plus de 91 500 kilomètres (56 900 miles), exploitant presque tous les grands bassins d'approvisionnement gazier d'Amérique du Nord. TransCanada est le plus important fournisseur de services de stockage de gaz et de services connexes du continent avec une capacité de stockage de gaz de 18,4 milliards de mètres cubes (653 milliards de pieds cubes). Grande productrice d'électricité indépendante, la société TransCanada possède plus de 10 100 mégawatts de production d'énergie au Canada et aux États-Unis, ou en détient une participation. TransCanada est également le promoteur et l'exploitant de l'un des principaux réseaux de transport par pipeline acheminant des liquides en Amérique du Nord, d'une longueur de 4 300 kilomètres (2 700 miles), reliant les sources croissantes d'approvisionnement en pétrole et liquides du continent aux marchés et raffineries clés. Les actions ordinaires de TransCanada se négocient sous le symbole TRP aux bourses de Toronto et de New York. Consultez le site TransCanada.com et notre blogue pour en savoir davantage, ou suivez-nous sur les réseaux sociaux et 3BL Media. Le présent communiqué de presse peut contenir certains énoncés prospectifs sujets à des incertitudes et à des risques importants (ces énoncés sont généralement accompagnés de mots comme « anticipe », « s'attend à », « croit », « pourrait », « aura », « devrait », « estime », « prévoit » ou d'autres termes similaires). Tous les énoncés prospectifs contenus dans le présent document visent à fournir, aux porteurs de titres de TransCanada et aux investisseurs éventuels, des informations relatives à TransCanada et à ses filiales, y compris l'évaluation, par la direction, des plans et des perspectives financières et opérationnelles futures de TransCanada et de ses filiales. Tous les énoncés prospectifs sont fondés sur les convictions et les hypothèses de TransCanada reposant sur les renseignements accessibles au moment de la formulation de ces énoncés et, par conséquent, ne constituent pas des garanties quant à la performance future de la société. Les lecteurs sont invités à ne pas accorder une confiance excessive à ces énoncés prospectifs, fournis à la date de leur mention dans le présent communiqué de presse, et de ne pas utiliser les renseignements prospectifs ou les perspectives financières à d'autres fins que leur but. La société TransCanada n'est aucunement tenue d'actualiser ou de réviser tout énoncé prospectif, sauf si la loi l'exige. Pour tout renseignement complémentaire sur les hypothèses présentées ainsi que sur les risques et incertitudes pouvant causer une différence entre les résultats réels et ceux prévus, veuillez vous reporter au rapport trimestriel aux actionnaires en date du 4 mai 2017 et au rapport annuel 2016 de TransCanada, tous deux déposés sous le profil de TransCanada sur le site de SEDAR, à www.sedar.com, et auprès de la Securities and Exchange Commission des États-Unis, à www.sec.gov.


CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwired - May 8, 2017) - Crew Energy Inc. (TSX:CR) ("Crew" or the "Company") is pleased to announce our operating and financial results for the three month period ended March 31, 2017, along with an updated independent Montney Resource Evaluation. Our Financial Statements and Notes, as well as Management's Discussion and Analysis ("MD&A") for the three month period ended March 31, 2017 are available on Crew's website and filed on SEDAR. During the first three months of 2017, activity levels increased across the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin in response to frozen ground conditions and an improved commodity price environment. This resulted in a tight supply-demand dynamic for field services, particularly reservoir stimulation. Crew was able to complete five of a planned ten wells in the quarter and as a result underspent our forecasted first quarter budget by deferring these operations until after spring break up. Our production of 23,231 boe per day was at the lower end of our guidance range for the quarter and is reflective of these service delays. Work on the expansion of our West Septimus facility to double throughput capacity continued in the quarter, and is currently ahead of schedule, with commissioning of the expanded facility currently planned for the fourth quarter of 2017. We continued to move forward on Crew's long term growth plan by successfully closing a $300 million senior note financing, which has a 6.5% coupon and a term through March, 2024. This financing has positioned Crew with $535 million of total credit capacity and enhances our ability to manage through continued commodity price volatility for an extended period. Upon the closing of this financing, we repaid the balance on our $235 million credit facility, resulting in an undrawn bank facility, and after the end of the quarter, the credit facility was approved for extension at the same level. Subsequent to quarter end, we entered into an agreement to dispose of our non-core Goose property in NE BC for proceeds of approximately $49 million. Upon closing, which is expected prior to the end of the second quarter, we will have monetized a portion of our asset base that was not within Crew's long-term development horizon. Crew is pleased to report the results of its annual updated independent Montney resource evaluation conducted by Sproule Associates Ltd. ("Sproule") on our principal NE BC Montney lands including Septimus, West Septimus, Groundbirch / Monias, Attachie and Tower as well as other minor NE BC Montney lands, effective December 31, 2016 (the "Resource Evaluation"). Sproule performed detailed mapping across the evaluated areas which included section by section estimates of reservoir parameters, such as pressure, temperature, porosity, and water saturation, which make up the TPIIP determination. At 112.2 TCFE, Crew's TPIIP estimate provides the Company with significant opportunities to continue increasing the current ECR estimates plus add reserves with further drilling. Crew's risked best estimate ECR on natural gas increased 3% to 7.7 Tcf, natural gas liquids ("ngl") risked best estimate ECR was 1% higher at 227 million barrels, while our crude oil risked best estimate ECR decreased by 2 million bbls to 21 million bbls. All numbers referenced from the Resource Evaluation are prior to the pending disposition of Crew's Goose asset. The updated Resource Evaluation demonstrates the significant potential of our lands, offering multiple years of future running room and significant value creation opportunities. Although the play remains in its early stages of development, with new and enhanced drilling and completions techniques, Crew and other area operators continue to further delineate and de-risk the potential of this massive play and demonstrate results from the Montney that continue to improve. Crew's first quarter funds from operations of $27.7 million was consistent with the previous quarter but 137% higher than the first quarter of 2016, reflecting stronger year over year commodity prices, and operating and transportation costs that were 17% and 9% lower, respectively. We continue to see compelling returns from Greater Septimus, where our first quarter operating netback from the area was $19.41 per boe compared to $17.16 per boe corporately, reflecting the strong economics and returns generated in our core Montney operating areas. Crew's realized light oil price improved by 60% in the first quarter of 2017 over the first quarter of 2016, while our heavy oil price increased 110% and our ngl prices were 76% higher than the same period in 2016. Improved first quarter oil and ngl prices were the result of improved world oil prices prompted by OPEC's (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) decision to limit production in the first half of 2017 in order to reduce global inventories. This action stabilized world oil prices late in 2016 resulting in a 50% improvement in Crew's Canadian dollar denominated WTI benchmark price. Higher oil prices also supported stronger demand and pricing for the condensate, propane and butane that make up Crew's ngl mix. Crew's realized natural gas price increased 51% over Q1 of 2016 as a result of stronger North American natural gas prices. Natural gas prices were supported by lower supply related to reduced capital investment and lower inventories resulting from warmer 2016 summer weather, liquefied natural gas exports from the U.S. gulf coast and increased U.S. exports to Mexico. First quarter 2017 capital expenditures totaled $75 million which included the drilling of eleven Montney wells and four heavy oil wells. Operations during the quarter also included the completion of five Montney wells and two heavy oil wells. Drilling and completion expenditures for the quarter were $10 million lower than budgeted as a lack of available completion services restricted the first quarter program to five of a planned ten Montney completions. During the quarter we also continued with the expansion of our West Septimus facility from 60 mmcf per day to 120 mmcf per day. Major equipment fabrication was ahead of schedule resulting in $14.1 million charged to the expansion which represents an additional $5 million of capital accrual towards the project in the quarter. Consistent with our efforts to maintain a strong balance sheet, control costs, and ensure liquidity to execute our strategy, on May 1, 2017 Crew entered into a new arrangement resulting in the replacement of one of the partners in our Septimus Gas Processing Complex (comprised of the Septimus and West Septimus facilities). This new arrangement will not impact Crew's current 28% ownership or operatorship of the complex, while the other remaining partner retains a 22% ownership and the new partner a 50% ownership. This change to the arrangement will save the Company approximately $1 million per year on processing costs associated with the current complex further reducing overall Greater Septimus operating costs. As part of this arrangement, the new partner has agreed to fund 50% of the current West Septimus facility expansion. Crew has retained the option to buy both partners' interest in these facilities at future dates. On March 14, 2017, Crew closed an offering of $300 million aggregate principal amount of 6.5% senior unsecured notes due March 14, 2024. Proceeds from the note offering were partially used to redeem Crew's $150 million, 8.375% senior unsecured notes due 2020, with the excess proceeds used to repay indebtedness under our credit facility and for the continued development of our Montney assets. Successful completion of this offering enhances Crew's liquidity and financial flexibility. Total net debt at the end of the quarter was $301.6 million, including working capital deficiency and our new $300 million ($293.0 million net of deferred financing costs) 6.5% senior unsecured notes that have a seven year term with repayment due in March of 2024. The Company also recently completed our annual bank facility review with the facility renewed at the same level of $235 million. The pending disposition of our non-core Goose asset will further contribute to our flexibility and add cash to our balance sheet. Crew's realized natural gas price has outperformed the benchmark indices for the last six quarters, which demonstrates the value of our active marketing and hedging program, diversified sales markets as well as the 19% higher heat content of our natural gas over industry standards. One of the many advantages of our Montney land base is that we are situated with access to all three major export pipeline systems which provides substantial market and operational optionality. During the first quarter, our natural gas sales portfolio was allocated 45% to Chicago City Gate, 26% to AECO, 19% to Alliance ATP and 10% to Station 2. Crew will continue to plan for processing and transportation diversification that is timed to coincide with our longer term growth strategy, and afford us the ability to access new markets. Our transportation arrangement on the Spectra pipeline increased from 13 mmcf per day to 30 mmcf per day effective April 1, 2017. In the second quarter of 2018, we also secured 60 mmcf per day of capacity on the TransCanada pipeline system ("TCPL"), affording improved market diversity for natural gas from our Greater Septimus and Groundbirch areas. In mid-2019, we have also secured an additional 60 mmcf per day of firm capacity on the TCPL system. In the interests of managing our commodity price risk and exposure, Crew continued to systematically add 2017 and 2018 hedges during the first quarter. For the balance of 2017, Crew's total natural gas hedged position is approximately 50% of our forecast 2017 gas sales at a transportation-adjusted equivalent price of $2.92 per gj, which when adjusting for the higher heat content of Crew's gas, equates to $3.62 per mcf. For liquids, we have approximately 50% of our 2017 light oil and natural gas liquids sales hedged at an average price of CDN$68.17 per bbl. During the first quarter, Crew continued to focus on drilling and completions activities primarily at our Greater Septimus area, while advancing our West Septimus facility expansion. We directed the majority of our first quarter capital to our Greater Septimus, including $14.1 million allocated to the doubling of our West Septimus processing facility from 60 mmcf per day to 120 mmcf per day. In addition, Crew drilled ten (10.0 net) Montney wells and completed three (3.0 net) Montney wells of our budgeted eight well Greater Septimus completions program in the quarter. Crew continued to see efficiency improvements in the first quarter as the first five wells drilled off the 4-22 pad achieved a record low average 12.6 drilling days per well at an average well cost of $1.5 million, contributing to strong capital efficiencies and supporting returns. Following up on the success of our first two ultra condensate-rich wells, we spud the first well on a six well pad directly offsetting the 7-30 wells which continue to exceed expectations. Late in 2016, industry activity increased significantly in NE BC, particularly the demand for reservoir stimulation services. All industry participants, including Crew, have been subject to scheduling challenges with service companies. The delays Crew experienced with completions in turn delayed new production volumes coming on-stream in the quarter. These delays reduced capital expenditures for completions by approximately $10 million in Q1 relative to our budget, which were partially offset by the West Septimus facility expansion running ahead of schedule. Crew's geographic location in the Montney has typically provided year round access to conduct our drilling and completions operations, or at worst, resulted in modest delays during spring break-up. For the first time in Crew's operational history in the Montney, we were forced to completely shut down these activities in the middle of April. This year's spring break up was a 'perfect storm' of an initial spring thaw, complicated by a significant period of cool, snowy weather which led to extremely poor road conditions and resultant road bans. Given the circumstances, and an emphasis on prioritizing our capital efficiencies, Crew has adjusted our operational plan to incorporate an extended spring break-up period during which no drilling or completions activity will be undertaken until June. Crew currently has three drilling rigs sitting on Crew leases, a significant inventory of 18 wells drilled and uncompleted in NE BC and has made arrangements to secure necessary equipment and services to complete the wells once access to our well sites is available. First quarter production at Greater Septimus averaged 17,440 boe per day, representing approximately 76% of the Company's total production volumes. Greater Septimus operating netbacks of $19.41 per boe were the highest in the past five quarters, due to increased revenue, and supported by low operating costs of $3.34 per boe and $1.67 per boe transportation costs, which have been kept stable despite inflationary pressures as industry activity levels increase. Crew's ultra condensate-rich area is the Company's new focus for development at Greater Septimus. Results from area wells at the 7-30 pad are compelling in the current environment, including C7-30 which has produced 70,000 bbls of condensate in 220 days on production with an average condensate gas ratio ("CGR") of 187 bbls per mmcf, and B7-30 which has produced 40,000 bbls of condensate over 165 days with an average CGR of 133 bbls per mmcf. Three new well completions at Septimus in late 2016 have resulted in record well performance at an all-in average well cost of $3.8 million. Over a 123 day period, the wells each produced 0.8 bcf of natural gas with a well head condensate yield of 19 bbls per mmcf and have continued to produce at a current average rate of 4.7 mmcf per day per well. Crew spud the first of two delineation wells at Groundbirch that will employ the latest completion technology as part of further delineating our significant Groundbirch resource (which represents 18.7 TCFE of TPIIP in our Resource Evaluation) and in preparation for development drilling in 2018 as part of our long-term growth plan. The Company also acquired ownership of 10 sections of surface rights at Groundbirch on which we have planned the construction of a gas plant and associated Montney development of a minimum of 150 wells. Ownership is expected to reduce surface lease costs, improve access and timing of operations, provide access to a major rail line for potential trans-load capability in addition to providing access to proprietary gravel for lease and road maintenance and construction. Crew's Montney Tower area continues to represent significant future development opportunity for the Company as crude oil prices strengthen. We realized increased oil production at Tower in Q1 as a result of successfully completing two light oil wells in the fourth quarter of 2016 and two light oil wells in the first quarter of 2017. These four wells were drilled in 2014 prior to the collapse in oil prices, and were designed to be completed using plug and perf technology, which has been the predominant completion technique within the light oil window of the Montney relative to the then available open-hole completion technology. The first two wells have been on production for 60 and 80 days at average rates of 365 and 600 boe per day, with 53% and 64% liquids, respectively. The second two wells were completed late in the first quarter and achieved average rates of 445 and 520 boe per day, with 55% and 58% liquids over 35 and 60 days, respectively. In both sets of wells, the stronger of the two was placed in Crew's "Upper B" interval of the upper Montney while the other two wells tested the deeper Montney "C" stratigraphic interval of the upper Montney. All four wells presently flow without the aid of artificial lift. Crew has also undertaken the first stage of facility modifications to install gas lift which we believe will allow us to further optimize fluid production rates from these wells. At Lloydminster, Crew drilled four (4.0 net) oil wells including two dual-leg horizontal wells, completed two (2.0 net) wells and recompleted four (3.5 net) oil wells in the quarter. Production at our Lloydminster heavy oil property averaged 1,865 boe per day in the first quarter of 2017 which reflects minimal impact from the drilling and completion operations, and is part of the Company's plan to maintain heavy oil production in the range of 2,000 boe per day. The two completions were vertical wells in the Swimming area (Sparky formation) and the Wildmere area (Colony formation). The wells were placed on production in early March and by mid-April were producing at a combined average rate of 220 bbls of oil per day. Crew's two dual leg horizontal wells also located in the Swimming area are expected to be completed when road ban restrictions are removed. Crew has assembled a sizeable and uniquely situated land base of 474 net sections (prior to the impact of the pending Goose disposition) which offers exposure to condensate-rich natural gas and light oil. The intrinsic value of Crew's acreage coupled with owned and operated facilities and infrastructure, firm transportation arrangements, a diversified marketing strategy, a strong balance sheet and a returns-focused strategy provide the foundation for long-term profitable growth and value creation. Under our current plan, we expect to exit 2017 in a strong financial position with an estimated debt to annualized fourth quarter 2017 funds from operations ratio of 1.5 times. Given these strengths, we believe our share price does not always reflect the underlying value of Crew's assets and as such, the Company intends to apply to implement a normal course issuer bid ("NCIB") through the facilities of the Toronto Stock Exchange (the "TSX") and alternative Canadian trading platforms, pursuant to which Crew would have the ability to repurchase, from time to time, our outstanding shares for cancellation. This NCIB is expected to commence later in May following application being made to, and approved by, the TSX and will terminate one year later. Exiting the first quarter, Crew has an inventory of 18 drilled but uncompleted wells that we intend to complete in order to bring on new volumes, and will continue to time our completions to ensure new volumes come on-stream with the commissioning of our West Septimus facility expansion. In the interests of creating value for our shareholders, we remain focused on return-on-capital in the development of our assets. Crew's activity levels can be scaled back in a weak market to preserve our valuable reserves. We believe in the potential of our Montney assets, and are excited by the results from the ultra condensate-rich area which offers attractive economics in the current environment. Additional improvements in well results will be pursued through enhanced completions, while striving to improve operational efficiencies. With stronger financial liquidity, proceeds from the pending sale of Goose and the $300 million note offering, we are well positioned to continue executing our Montney focused strategy over the near and longer-term. We have revised our capital planning based on the previously referenced delays, with our projected second quarter capital program reduced by approximately $30 million to between $25 and $35 million. Production additions will be heavily weighted to the fourth quarter, concurrent with the commissioning of our West Septimus plant expansion. Also, during the second quarter of 2017, the third-party McMahon gas processing facility will be shut down for an estimated 21 days, which will impact Crew's volumes by approximately 900 boe per day in the second quarter. This shut down, combined with the production delays caused by the extended spring break-up, results in second quarter 2017 production estimates of approximately 20,000 to 21,000 boe per day. We anticipate that Q3 and Q4 2017 production will average between 24,500 to 26,500 boe per day, and 29,500 to 31,500 boe per day, respectively, spending approximately $100 million in the last half of 2017. Accordingly, our 2017 annual production guidance is reduced by 4% to 24,000 to 26,000 boe per day, with a positive impact to our forecast 2017 exit rate, which is increasing to over 31,000 boe per day while our $200 million capital budget remains unchanged. We are very pleased to have secured additional financial flexibility, and have a high-quality asset base that only continues to improve with time and technology. We would like to thank our employees and Board of Directors for their commitment to Crew, and our shareholders for their ongoing support through ongoing market challenges. A summary of Crew's operational and financial highlights are as follows: The following discussion in "Crew Northeast British Columbia Montney Resource Evaluation" is subject to a number of cautionary statements, assumptions and risks as set forth therein. See "Information Regarding Disclosure on Oil and Gas Reserves, Resources and Operational Information" at the end of this release for additional cautionary language, explanations and discussion, and see "Forward-looking Information and Statements" for a statement of principal assumptions and risks that may apply. See also "Definitions of Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves" in this news release. The discussion includes reference to TPIIP, DPIIP and ECR as per the Resource Evaluation as at December 31, 2016, prepared in accordance with the NI 51-101 and current COGE Handbook guidelines. Unless otherwise indicated in this news release, all references to ECR and prospective volumes are Best Estimate ECR and Best Estimate prospective volumes, respectively. All information referenced in the Resource Evaluation is prior to the pending disposition of Crew's Goose area, expected to close in the second quarter of 2017. In accordance with NI 51-101 Crew's contingent resources have been subclassified into specified project maturity subclasses. Those that apply to Crew's resources include "development pending", "development on hold", and "development not viable". Sproule considers the 'development pending' and 'development on hold' project maturity subclasses to be economic and are therefore included in ECR. The economic status of the 'development not viable' project maturity subclass is undetermined and is therefore not included in the ECR reported. The "development not viable" sub-classification represented less than 2% of the sum of all three sub-classifications on a BOE basis, and accordingly, has not been considered to be material for reporting purposes. Crew does not have any resources within the "development unclarified" subclass. The Montney formation in NE BC has been identified as a world-class unconventional resource play with the potential for significant volumes of recoverable resources. The area includes dry gas, liquids-rich gas and light oil development opportunities, with Crew having access to all three hydrocarbon windows. It is one of the largest and lowest cost liquids-rich natural gas resource plays in North America and Crew's land base comprises 300,000 net acres, ideally situated in some of the most prospective parts of the play, with good access to infrastructure and multiple egress options. Sproule was engaged to conduct an updated independent Montney resource evaluation of Crew's principal lands in the NE BC Montney region including Septimus, West Septimus, Groundbirch/Monias, Attachie, Tower and other minor NE BC Montney lands (the "Evaluated Areas") effective as of December 31, 2016, and based on Sproule's forecast price deck as at December 31, 2016 (the "Resource Evaluation"). The Resource Evaluation highlights the development potential on the Company's undeveloped land base providing Crew with significant opportunities to progress conversion of Resource to ECR and ultimately to increased reserve bookings over time. Further, the diversity of Crew's NE BC Montney assets with exposure to liquids-rich gas, crude oil and dry natural gas allows us to effectively navigate through commodity price cycles. TPIIP for the natural gas-bearing lands in the Evaluated Areas remains unchanged relative to year end 2015 at 64.3 Tcf. Natural gas ECR was evaluated on an unrisked and risked basis in the Resource Evaluation and was subdivided into the Maturity Subclasses of 'development pending' and 'development on hold'. The risked 'development pending' natural gas ECR totaled 7.3 Tcf and the risked 'development on hold' ECR totaled 0.43 Tcf, which includes 104 bcf of 'development pending' natural gas and 26 bcf of 'development on hold' natural gas on Crew's oil-bearing lands. The ECR of our ngl was also evaluated on an unrisked and risked basis in the Resource Evaluation and was subdivided into the Maturity Subclasses of 'development pending' and 'development on hold'. The risked 'development pending' ngl ECR totaled 211 MMbbl and risked 'development on hold' ngl ECR totaled 16 MMbbl which includes 3 mmbbls of 'development pending' ngl and 1 mmbbls of 'development on hold' ngl on Crew's oil-bearing lands. On the oil-bearing Montney lands, TPIIP increased 1% to 7,979 MMbbl and DPIIP increased 2% to 1,647 MMbbl. Oil ECR was evaluated on an unrisked and risked basis in the Resource Evaluation and was subdivided into the Maturity Subclasses of 'development pending' and 'development on hold'. The risked 'development pending' oil ECR totaled 17 MMbbl and risked 'development on hold' oil ECR totaled 4 MMbbl. Risking of the contingent resources included a quantitative assessment of the contingencies applicable to the project including evaluation drilling, corporate commitment and timing of production and development. Risking of the prospective resources included a quantitative assessment of these same factors, as well as a quantitative assessment of the chance of discovery. The following tables summarize the results of the Resource Evaluation along with comparatives to the December 31, 2015 evaluation using the resource categories set out in the COGE Handbook on a "best estimate" case. An estimate of risked Net Present Value ("NPV") of future net revenue of the development pending contingent resources subclass only is preliminary in nature and is provided to assist the reader in reaching an opinion on the merit and likelihood of Crew proceeding with the required investment. It includes contingent resources that are considered too uncertain with respect to chance of development and cannot be classified as reserves until the contingencies are lifted. There is uncertainty that the risked NPV of future net revenue will be realized. The other subclasses of resources are not included in this NPV and therefore this is not reflective of the value of the resource base. The estimated cost to fully develop and bring on commercial production of the 'development pending' contingent resources for all three product types is approximately $11.2 billion (or approximately $3.0 billion discounted at 10%). The forecasted timeline to bring these resources onto production is between two and 17 years utilizing the same technology in horizontal drilling and multi-stage fracturing that Crew has already proven to be effective in the Montney formation in NE BC. Resource volumes are estimated using volumetric calculations of the in-place quantities, combined with performance from analog reservoirs. The currently producing assets of Crew and other industry parties in the Montney area of NE BC are used as performance analogs for ECR within Crew's areas of operations. The evaluation of ECR is based on an independent third party evaluation that assumes all of Crew's ECR will be recovered using horizontal multi-stage hydraulic fracturing and multi-well pad drilling, which are established technologies. Based upon the foregoing analysis and resource information, coupled with Crew's expertise in the NE BC Montney, we anticipate that significant additional reserves will be developed in the future as we achieve continued drilling success on that portion of our Montney acreage which is currently undeveloped. Key positive factors considered in the Resource Evaluation estimates which support Crew's view that significant additional resources will be recovered include completions enhancements; improved economic conditions; historic drilling success and recoveries on the more fully-developed Montney acreage; abundant well log and production test data; the presence of analogue wells in the area; improving average initial productivity trends; and the application of increased drilling densities. Continuous development through multi-year exploration and development programs and significant levels of future capital expenditures are required in order for additional resources to be recovered in the future. Our ability to recover additional resources is subject to numerous risks and the key negative factors include minimal well data from the Montney formation in certain intervals; a lack of long-term production history in the Montney; potential for variations in the quality of the Montney formation where minimal well data currently exists; access to capital that would enable us to continue development; low commodity prices which could impact economics; the future performance of wells; regulatory approvals or surface restrictions; lack of infrastructure in certain areas; access to required services at the appropriate cost; overall industry cost structures; and the continued efficacy of fracture stimulation technologies and application. In order for ECR to be converted into reserves, Crew's management and technical teams must continue to assess commercial production rates, devise firm development plans that incorporate timing, infrastructure and capital commitments. Confirmation of commercial productivity is generally required before the Company can prepare firm development plans and commit required capital for the development of the ECR. With continued development and delineation, some resources currently classified as ECR are expected to be reclassified as Reserves. A key contingency that prevents the classification of ECR as Reserves is the additional drilling, completions and testing required to confirm viable commercial rates. Sproule assigned ECR beyond those areas which were assigned Reserves but which were within three miles of existing wells, or production tests. Further, a lack of infrastructure in the Evaluated Areas which is required to develop the resources, such as gas gathering, processing and natural gas liquids separation facilities, further impedes the reclassification of ECR to Reserves. In addition to these factors, and the general operational risks facing the oil and gas industry, there are several technical and non-technical contingencies that need to be overcome in order to reclassify ECR to Reserves. These include evaluation drilling, corporate commitment and timing of production and development of the ECR. There is no certainty that any portion of the prospective resources will be discovered. There is uncertainty that it will be commercially viable to produce any portion of the prospective (if discovered) or contingent resources. Definitions of Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves Reserves are estimated remaining quantities of oil and natural gas and related substances anticipated to be recoverable from known accumulations, as of a given date, based on the analysis of drilling, geological, geophysical and engineering data; the use of established technology; and specified economic conditions, which are generally accepted as being reasonable. Reserves are classified according to the degree of certainty associated with the estimates as follows: Proved Reserves are those reserves that can be estimated with a high degree of certainty to be recoverable. It is likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will exceed the estimated proved reserves. Probable Reserves are those additional reserves that are less certain to be recovered than proved reserves. It is equally likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will be greater or less than the sum of the estimated proved plus probable reserves. Cumulative Production is the cumulative quantity of petroleum that has been recovered at a given date. Resources encompasses all petroleum quantities that originally existed on or within the earth's crust in naturally occurring accumulations, including Discovered and Undiscovered (recoverable and unrecoverable) plus quantities already produced. "Total resources" is equivalent to "Total Petroleum Initially-In-Place". Resources are classified in the following categories: Total Petroleum Initially-In-Place ("TPIIP") is that quantity of petroleum that is estimated to exist originally in naturally occurring accumulations. It includes that quantity of petroleum that is estimated, as of a given date, to be contained in known accumulations, prior to production, plus those estimated quantities in accumulations yet to be discovered. Discovered Petroleum Initially-In-Place ("DPIIP") is that quantity of petroleum that is estimated, as of a given date, to be contained in known accumulations prior to production. The recoverable portion of discovered petroleum initially in place includes production, reserves, and contingent resources; the remainder is unrecoverable. Contingent Resources are those quantities of petroleum estimated, as of a given date, to be potentially recoverable from known accumulations using established technology or technology under development but which are not currently considered to be commercially recoverable due to one or more contingencies. Economic Contingent Resources ("ECR") are those contingent resources which are currently economically recoverable. Project Maturity Subclass Development Pending is defined as a contingent resource that has been assigned a high chance of development and the resolution of final conditions for development are being actively pursued. Project Maturity Subclass Development On Hold is defined as a contingent resource that has been assigned a reasonable chance of development, but there are major non‐technical contingencies to be resolved that are usually beyond the control of the operator. Project Maturity Subclass Development Unclarified is defined as a contingent resource that requires further appraisal to clarify the potential for development and has been assigned a lower chance of development until contingencies can be clearly defined. Project Maturity Subclass Development not Viable is defined as a contingent resource where no further data acquisition or evaluation is currently planned and hence there is a low chance of development. Undiscovered Petroleum Initially-In-Place ("UPIIP") is that quantity of petroleum that is estimated, on a given date, to be contained in accumulations yet to be discovered. The recoverable portion of undiscovered petroleum initially in place is referred to as "prospective resources" and the remainder as "unrecoverable." Prospective Resources are those quantities of petroleum estimated, as of a given date, to be potentially recoverable from undiscovered accumulations by application of future development projects. Prospective resources have both an associated chance of discovery and a chance of development. Unrecoverable is that portion of DPIIP and UPIIP quantities which is estimated, as of a given date, not to be recoverable by future development projects. A portion of these quantities may become recoverable in the future as commercial circumstances change or technological developments occur; the remaining portion may never be recovered due to the physical/chemical constraints represented by subsurface interaction of fluids and reservoir rocks. Uncertainty Ranges are described by the Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook as low, best, and high estimates for reserves and resources. The Best Estimate is considered to be the best estimate of the quantity that will actually be recovered. It is equally likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will be greater or less than the best estimate. If probabilistic methods are used, there should be at least a 50 percent probability (P50) that the quantities actually recovered will equal or exceed the best estimate. Information Regarding Disclosure on Oil and Gas Reserves, Resources and Operational Information All amounts in this news release are stated in Canadian dollars unless otherwise specified. Throughout this press release, the terms Boe (barrels of oil equivalent), Mmboe (millions of barrels of oil equivalent), and Tcfe (trillion cubic feet of gas equivalent) are used. Such terms when used in isolation, may be misleading. Where applicable, natural gas has been converted to barrels of oil equivalent ("BOE") based on 6 Mcf:1 BOE and oil and liquids have been converted to natural gas equivalent on the basis of 1 bbl:6 mcfe. The BOE rate is based on an energy equivalent conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip, and given that the value ratio based on the current price of crude oil as compared to natural gas is significantly different than the energy equivalency of the 6:1 conversion ratio, utilizing the 6:1 conversion ratio may be misleading as an indication of value. The BOE rate is based on an energy equivalent conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalent at the wellhead. In accordance with Canadian practice, production volumes and revenues are reported on a company gross basis, before deduction of Crown and other royalties and without including any royalty interest, unless otherwise stated. Unless otherwise specified, all reserves volumes in this news release (and all information derived therefrom) are based on "company gross reserves" using forecast prices and costs. Our oil and gas reserves statement for the year-ended December 31, 2016 includes complete disclosure of our oil and gas reserves and other oil and gas information in accordance with NI 51-101, and is contained within our Annual Information Form which is available on our SEDAR profile at www.sedar.com. This press release contains metrics commonly used in the oil and natural gas industry, such as "operating netback". Such terms do not have a standardized meaning and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies, and therefore should not be used to make such comparisons. These metrics do not have standardized meanings and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. As such, they should not be used to make comparisons. Management uses these oil and gas metrics for its own performance measurements and to provide shareholders with measures to compare Crew's performance over time, however, such measures are not reliable indicators of Crew's future performance and future performance may not compare to the performance in previous periods. This news release contains references to estimates of oil and gas classified as TPIIP, DPIIP, UPIIP and ECR in the Montney region in NE BC which are not, and should not be confused with, oil and gas reserves. See "Definitions of Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves". Projects have not been defined to develop the resources in the Evaluated Areas as at the evaluation date. Such projects, in the case of the Montney resource development, have historically been developed sequentially over a number of drilling seasons and are subject to annual budget constraints, Crew's policy of orderly development on a staged basis, the timing of the growth of third party infrastructure, the short and long-term view of Crew on oil and gas prices, the results of exploration and development activities of Crew and others in the area and possible infrastructure capacity constraints. As with any resource estimates, the evaluation will change over time as new information becomes available. Crew's belief that it will establish significant additional reserves over time with the conversion of DPIIP and prospective resource into contingent resource, contingent resource into probable reserves and probable reserves into proved reserves is a forward looking statement and is based on certain assumptions and is subject to certain risks, as discussed below under the heading "Forward Looking Information and Statements". This news release contains certain forward-looking information and statements within the meaning of applicable securities laws. The use of any of the words "expect", "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "may", "will", "project", "should", "believe", "plans", "intends" "forecast" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking information or statements. In particular, but without limiting the foregoing, this news release contains forward-looking information and statements pertaining to the following: the volume and product mix of Crew's oil and gas production; production estimates including Q2, Q3, Q4 and annual 2017 forecast average production and 2017 exit rate; anticipated closing of the Goose asset disposition and the timing thereof; the volumes and estimated value of Crew's resources and undeveloped land; the recognition of significant resources under the heading "Crew Northeast British Columbia Montney Resource Evaluation"; future oil and natural gas prices and Crew's commodity risk management programs; future liquidity and financial capacity; future results from operations and operating metrics; anticipated reductions in operating costs, well costs and G&A expenditures and potential to improve ultimate recoveries and initial production rates; future costs, expenses and royalty rates; future interest costs; the exchange rate between the $US and $Cdn; future development, exploration, acquisition and development activities and related capital expenditures and the timing thereof; the number of wells to be drilled, completed and tied-in and the timing thereof; the potential value of our undeveloped land base; the amount and timing of capital projects including facility expansions, commissioning and the timing thereof; the total future capital associated with development of reserves and resources; methods of funding our capital program, including possible non-core asset divestitures and asset swaps; and our intention to apply to the TSX to implement a normal course issuer bid and the timing thereof. Forward-looking statements or information are based on a number of material factors, expectations or assumptions of Crew which have been used to develop such statements and information but which may prove to be incorrect. Although Crew believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements or information are reasonable, undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements because Crew can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct. In addition to other factors and assumptions which may be identified herein, assumptions have been made regarding, among other things: the impact of increasing competition; the general stability of the economic and political environment in which Crew operates; the timely receipt of any required regulatory approvals; the ability of Crew to obtain qualified staff, equipment and services in a timely and cost efficient manner; drilling results; the ability of the operator of the projects in which Crew has an interest in to operate the field in a safe, efficient and effective manner; the ability of Crew to obtain financing on acceptable terms and the adequacy of cash flow to fund its planned expenditures; field production rates and decline rates; the ability to replace and expand oil and natural gas reserves through acquisition, development and exploration; the timing and cost of pipeline, storage and facility construction and expansion and the ability of Crew to secure adequate product transportation; future commodity prices; currency, exchange and interest rates; regulatory framework regarding royalties, taxes and environmental matters in the jurisdictions in which Crew operates; the ability of Crew to successfully market its oil and natural gas products. There are a number of assumptions associated with the potential of resource volumes and development of the Evaluated Areas including the quality of the Montney reservoir, future drilling programs and the funding thereof, continued performance from existing wells and performance of new wells, the growth of infrastructure, well density per section, and recovery factors and development necessarily involves known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including those identified in this press release. The forward-looking information and statements included in this news release are not guarantees of future performance and should not be unduly relied upon. Such information and statements, including the assumptions made in respect thereof, involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results or events to defer materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking information or statements including, without limitation: changes in commodity prices; the potential for variation in the quality of the Montney formation; changes in the demand for or supply of Crew's products; unanticipated operating results or production declines; changes in tax or environmental laws, royalty rates or other regulatory matters; changes in development plans of Crew or by third party operators of Crew's properties, increased debt levels or debt service requirements; inaccurate estimation of Crew's oil and gas reserve and resource volumes; limited, unfavourable or a lack of access to capital markets; increased costs; a lack of adequate insurance coverage; the impact of competitors; and certain other risks detailed from time-to-time in Crew's public disclosure documents (including, without limitation, those risks identified in this news release and Crew's Annual Information Form). The forward-looking information and statements contained in this news release speak only as of the date of this news release, and Crew does not assume any obligation to publicly update or revise any of the included forward-looking statements or information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable securities laws. A pressure transient analysis or well-test interpretation has not been carried out and thus certain of the test results provided herein should be considered to be preliminary until such analysis or interpretation has been completed. Test results and initial production rates disclosed herein may not necessarily be indicative of long term performance or of ultimate recovery. Barrel of oil equivalents or BOEs may be misleading, particularly if used in isolation. A BOE conversion ratio of 6 mcf: 1 bbl is based on an energy equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead. Given that the value ratio based on the current price of crude oil as compared to natural gas is significantly different than the energy equivalency of 6:1, utilizing a 6:1 conversion basis may be misleading as an indication of value. Crew Energy Inc. is a dynamic, growth-oriented exploration and production company, focused on increasing long-term production, reserves and cash flow per share through the development of our world-class Montney resource. Crew is based in Calgary, Alberta and our shares are traded on The Toronto Stock Exchange under the trading symbol "CR". Financial statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis for the three month period ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 will be filed on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and are available on the Company's website at www.crewenergy.com.


Patent
TransCanada | Date: 2013-08-30

The disclosure describes methods, devices and tools useful in the non-destructive inspection and the characterization of mechanical damage such as dents in pipelines. Methods, devices and tools described herein make use of a strain severity indication combined with a material loss indication such as magnetic flux leakage to determine whether a dent comprises at least one of a crack, a gouge and corrosion. The characterization of the mechanical damage in dents of pipes may be used to determine whether and when any corrective or preventive action should be carried out.

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