Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

The Trakia University or Thrace University is a Bulgarian university in the city of Stara Zagora. It was named after the historical region of Thrace and was established in 1995. The university's structure includes colleges in Sliven, Haskovo and Yambol.The university organizes training on programs with four educational and qualification degrees: Specialist, Bachelor, Master and PhD, as well as on programs for qualification and post-graduate training in the system of lifelong education.Trakia University has legitimate institutional accreditation by resolution of the National Assessment and Accreditation Agency at the Council of Ministers. Graduate students receive a diploma stamped with the state coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria . Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-NIGHT | Award Amount: 94.22K | Year: 2013

The project sets as its main goal to enhance public recognition of researchers and their role in society and to encourage young people in Bulgaria to embark on scientific career. In the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy, the project focuses on the need for increasing the number of researchers and innovators in Europe and to foster the interest of the society and the youth, in particular, to research and innovation. For achieving the main goal, the following project objectives are defined: to disclose to the public the hidden sides of life and work of researchers, and show them as professionals and ordinary people; to highlight the EU emphasis on its researchers, the role of researchers in the Knowledge triangle and for building the Innovation Union; to involve citizens in debates on the contribution of researchers to European economy and society, as well as in ideas generation and open innovation; to foster active citizens position on the policy for growing research talents and making research and innovation attractive for young people. The project activities targeted at the younger participants will include within the Atelier of young talents: ideas competitions involving young people; cafes scientific Young talents under Spotlights where young talents will meet children and youth and discuss research topics with them. Most of the activities will be targeted at all age groups and will focus on making the public acquaint with the work and life of researchers: amusement programs of researchers Concert under the Stars; ideas fairs with stands of researchers groups presenting their research projects and new ideas and discussing them with citizens; lifestyle of researchers visits of research facilities guided by researchers; games between researchers and public Who, what, where show your knowledge; exhibitions of researchers; newspapers and dedicated web materials on researchers.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IAPP | Award Amount: 597.66K | Year: 2014

C-BIRD recognizes the diversity and complexity of rural areas across Europe in terms of needs and development solutions. However, there is no clear, single exclusive model behind rural development given the multiple development paths, which result from various combinations of forces. In addition, there is concern about the application of rural development policy in recently incorporated countries to the EU. As a rule, rural development in Europe is related to agricultural development. The ultimate objective of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is to guarantee and promote sustainability of rural areas in social, economic and environmental aspects. However, scarce empirical evidence exists on how such three-pronged goals are actually implemented and sustained in rural development processes and policy. This project will investigate the innovative role of cooperatives, and related rural actors (including academic institutions, commercial enterprises, NGOs, associations, etc.) in rural development as a useful tool to achieve such objectives and their importance in the knowledge economy. Five countries with strong agricultural cooperative sectors are involved: Spain, Italy, Ireland, Bulgaria and Serbia. Specific areas will be chosen in each country. Quantitative and qualitative and case study analysis will be carried out in exchanges between industry and academic institutions in order to identify successful models and also to investigate rural development strategies in recently incorporated EU countries.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-NIGHT | Award Amount: 115.50K | Year: 2011

The project concept is based on results of previous public opinion surveys, and the wish of people Researchers Night to become a regular event in their city, where they can interact with researchers and entertain. The main goal is to enhance public recognition of researchers and their role in society and economy, to encourage young people in Bulgaria to embark on scientific career. Main objectives: -disclose talents and hidden sides of life and work of researchers, and change existing stereotypes about researchers and their profession -raise awareness on the central role of researchers and their contributions to economy and society -highlight EU emphasis on researchers and opportunities for them in the large European labour market -make science and research career attractive for young people, and especially women The target audience will be, first, young people children, teen-agers, students, and second, their parents and the public at large, including industrial and non-governmental organisations. The activities will take place in largest Bulgarian cities Sofia, Varna, Plovdiv, Rousse, Burgas and Stara Zagora, where researchers will meet people in universities, Cabinets of Curiosity, scientific cafs, Knowledge Transfer Kiosks, Innovation Fair, amuse them with verses, music life performances, experiments. European corner will inform about Marie Curie, Ernest Rutherford, EURAXESS, activities of FP7 People programme, success stories. The Communications strategy will convey two important messages: European Researchers discover the micro world and Research is a passion for a whole life. It will also look for synergy with the International Year of Chemistry, 100 anniversary of Nobel prize of Maria Curie and creation of atom model by Ruddurford, and contributions of women to science. Consortium capacity is shown already at previous Researchers Nights, and within partners collaboration in supporting researchers career, mobility and innovation.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-NIGHT | Award Amount: 101.27K | Year: 2012

Most of the IN-Close partners have had strong collaboration in supporting researchers career and mobility some of them as EURAXESS Service Centres, while others as partners in the six consecutive Researchers Nights (RN) organised in Bulgaria. During the last years RN activities drew positive attitude and interest among citizens on the role of researchers and science as a whole and established a base for regular meetings among scientists and the younger generation on leading topics of research and innovation. The European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations was taken into account while designing the project concept. It was decided to focus public attention on innovations in medical sciences and topics such as reproductive health, e-health, robotics, active ageing, new materials and quality of life, however, underlining that a dedication to these specific research topics does not exclude scientists from other fields from participation in the events. In contrast, all project activities will be open to talented researchers willing to present their innovative products and to demonstrate their professional and personal achievements in front of a large audience. IN-Close sets as its main goal to enhance public recognition of researchers and their role in society and to encourage young people in Bulgaria to follow a scientific career. The target audience of the project will be, on first place, young people children, teenagers and students, and secondly, their parents and the public at large, including government, industrial and non-profit organisations. IN-Close will provide various opportunities to Bulgarians to interact and have fun together with the researchers. The project activities will take place in the 6 largest Bulgarian cities. The expected number of attendees is 5000 but through the integration of the location-based service (LBS), Facebook other media channels a target group of at least 10 000 people will be reached.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 189.00K | Year: 2013

The applicants have addressed to mycotoxins involved in spontaneous animal mycotoxicoses encountered in their countries and the possible protective effects of some herbal additives in feeds, because the course of mycotoxicoses are often accompanied with higher mortality due to secondary bacterial infections provoked by immunosuppressive effects of mycotoxins. Such a problematic mycotoxicosis widely encountered in Bulgaria appears to be spontaneous porcine/chick nephropathy. The widely encountered renal disease may not only cause affected kidneys to be rejected, but it is also correlated with poor liveweight gains and carcass quality in affected animals. THE OBJECTIVES of this study is to explore some ways of safely utilizing chick feeds contaminated with nephrotoxic mycotoxins OTA or FB1 in order to reduce economic losses due to morbidity from secondary bacterial infections or decrease of weight gain in stock chicks and to avoid the rejection or condemnation of such feed. This will be achieved by addition of some herbs to animal feeds, which are known to have protective effects on kidney and liver (the main damaged organs by these mycotoxins) or known to have an immunostimulating effect. Some of the same herbs, well known among Indian or African tribes to have strong healing effects on wounds or human health, will be further studied of their possible effects on wound granulation. By extending their expertise on the creation of research labs for biocharacterization of herbs and by sharing the technology for preparation and stabilization of herbal extracts the collaborators will help their countries to manage with the growing demands of the herbal medicine. Finally, some new cheap practical manners of herbal protection (in the form of feed supplements to the feeds) against the action of target mycotoxins will be elaborated, in addition to developing some herbal products, which can improve immune response and are useful for wound granulation, kidney or liver diseases.

Ganeva D.J.,Trakia University
Acta Zoologica Bulgarica | Year: 2017

The study was carried out at 47 localities on the territory of the Rila Mts., Bulgaria, during the active seasons of tabanids in 2010-2015. Totally, 1401 tabanid specimens were collected and processed. Totally, 34 species of 8 genera were identified: Silvius (1), Chrysops (3), Atylotus (2), Hybomitra (7), Tabanus (15), Haematopota (3), Dasyrhamphis (1) and Philipomyia (2).Three species, Hybomitra caucasica (Enderlein, 1925), H. muehlfeldi (Brauer, 1880) and H. solstitialis (Meigen, 1820), are reported for the first time for the tabanid fauna of Bulgaria. Nemorius vitripennis (Meigen, 1820), Hybomitra aterrima (Meigen, 1820), Hybomitra Montana (Meigen, 1820), Haematopota grandis Meigen, 1820 and H. italica Meigen, 1804, known for the Rila Mts. tabanid fauna from literature sources, are not registered in this study. Thus, based on the summary of the literature data and the results of this study, 39 species in tabanid fauna have been recorded of the Rila Mts. The horsefly fauna of the studied region is predominated by species of the Boreal-Eurasian fauna (61.54%).

The spreading of mycotoxic nephropathy in animals/humans was studied. The possible etiological causes provoking this nephropathy were carefully reviewed and analyzed. The natural content of the most frequent nephrotoxic mycotoxins in target feedstuffs/foods were investigated, in addition to their significance for development of renal damages in endemic areas. An estimation of the level of exposure of humans to the nephrotoxic mycotoxin, ochratoxin A (OTA), is made. The possible synergism or additive effects between some target mycotoxins in the development of nephropathy is also covered. The significance of joint mycotoxin interaction and masked mycotoxins, in addition to some newly isolated fungal toxic agents in the complicated etiology of mycotoxic nephropathy ranged in Balkan countries is discussed. The importance of some target fungal species which can induce kidney damages was evaluated. The morphological/ultrastructural, functional and toxicological similarities between human and animal nephropathy are studied. The possible hazard of low content of combinations of some target mycotoxins in food or feedstuff ingested by pigs, chickens or humans under natural conditions is evaluated and a risk assessment was made. Some different but more effective manners of prophylaxis and/or prevention against OTA contamination of feedstuffs/foods are suggested. A survey was made in regard to the best possible ways of veterinary hygiene control of OTA-exposed animals at slaughter time for preventing the entrance of OTA in commercial feedstuffs/food channels with a view to reduce the possible health hazard for humans. The economic efficacy and applicability of such preventive measures is additionally discussed and some practical suggestions are made. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Background and aim: The aim of the present work was to analyze the expression of antioxidant enzymes GST-pi, SOD1, and SOD2 in endocrine cells of colorectal cancers and to evaluate the significance of the presence of thus labeled endocrine cells as prognostic factor. Methods: The expression of chromogranin A (ChGA), GST-pi, SOD1, and SOD2 was determined in endocrine cells of 128 colorectal cancers using light and electron immunohistochemistry and double immunogold labeling method. Results: Endocrine cells expressing at least one of the studied antioxidant enzymes were detected in a relatively small proportion of primary colorectal cancers (22 cases, 17%; 14% GST-pi-positive, 14% SOD1-positive, and 9% SOD2-positive). The double immunogold staining and the following electron microscopy showed that GST-pi, SOD1, and SOD2 were co-localized with ChGA to the granules of most endocrine cells. The survival analyses revealed that patients with endocrine cells in primary tumor tissues expressing GST-pi had worse prognosis after the surgical therapy than those without GST-pi-positive endocrine cells (median of 22.70 vs. 49.43 months, p∈<∈0.05, Log-rank test). Conclusions: Most of the ChGA-positive endocrine cells in colorectal cancers also expressed some or all of the three studied antioxidant enzymes, GST-pi, SOD1, and SOD2. Moreover, patients having tumors with GST-pi-positive endocrine cells have an unfavorable prognosis. We suggest that not the neuroendocrine differentiation in general, but the presence in the tumors of endocrine cells with activated antioxidant defense and probably metabolically more active might determine a more aggressive type of cancer leading to worse prognosis for patients. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Stoev S.D.,Trakia University
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2013

The possible hazard of mycotoxin occurrence in foods and feeds and some food-borne mycotoxicoses is reviewed. Management of the risk of mycotoxin contamination using some useful preventive measures against mycotoxin contamination of foods/feeds during pre- and post-harvesting periods is considered. The physical and chemical methods of mycotoxin decontamination of foods/feeds are briefly described. The use of various feed additives as a method for prevention of the adverse effects of mycotoxins is reviewed. The processing of various foods and feeds is considered in a view to possible mycotoxin decontamination. The necessary hygiene control and risk assessment in regard to mycotoxin contamination of foods and feeds in addition to some useful prophylactic measures are briefly described. A short reference is made concerning the most successful methods of veterinary hygiene control in order to prevent a possible entering of some mycotoxins in commercial channels with a view to human health. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-NIGHT | Award Amount: 74.56K | Year: 2010

In liaison with the objectives of the Researchers Night initiative under the Framework programme of the European Commission, and the previous experience of the consortium, the project REACT sets as its main goal to enhance public recognition of researchers and their role for economic growth and quality of life and to encourage young people in Bulgaria to embark on scientific career. Especially the accents towards young generation will be stressed on as the European Partnership for Researchers once more time confirm the urgent need of increased efforts towards overcoming the problem not only with the shortages of researchers in some regions and industries but also growing ageing of the research labour force. The situation will get worse if young people are not attracted into the profession and if the present under-representation of women in science and engineering is not addressed. For achieving the main goal, the following project objectives are defined: - to disclose to the public the hidden sides of life and work of researchers, and to break down the stereotypes of scientists especially towards their age; - to raise the public awareness on the contribution of researchers to economy and society, to its progress and development and to tackle the existing prejudice towards their profession to be abstract and not linked to everyday life; - to show to large public the central role of researchers in the economy and benefits they bring for increasing economic competitiveness and quality of life; - to highlight the EU emphasis and large support to its researchers and the mobility opportunities for them in the large European labour market; - to make science and the respective career attractive for young people introducing them the collaboration between industry and academia and possibilities for inter-sector mobility.

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