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Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Tzeng T.-F.,Pao Chien Hospital | Lu H.-J.,Traditional Medicinal Center | Liou S.-S.,Tajen University | Chang C.J.,China Medical University at Taichung | Liu I.-M.,Tajen University
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of Cassia tora seeds on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis, and elucidate the molecular mechanisms behind its effects. After being fed a HFD for two weeks, rats were orally dosed with Cassia seed ethanol extract (CSEE) (100, 200, or 300. mg/kg) once daily for 8. weeks. CSEE induced dose-dependent reductions in plasma lipid levels, as well as decreased the over hepatic lipid accumulation. Furthermore, CSEE treatment improved HFD-induced hepatic histological lesions. CSEE enhanced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its primary downstream targeting enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, up-regulated the gene expression of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1, and down-regulated sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 and fatty acid synthase protein levels in the livers of HFD-fed rats. AMPK inhibition by compound C retarded CSEE-induced reduction in triglyceride accumulation in HepG2 cells stimulated by insulin. Our findings suggest that CSEE may regulate hepatic lipid homeostasis related with an AMPK-dependent signaling pathway. Targeting AMPK activation with CSEE may represent a promising approach for the prevention and treatment of obesity-related non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Tzeng T.-F.,Pao Chien Hospital | Lu H.-J.,Traditional Medicinal Center | Liou S.-S.,Tajen University | Chang C.J.,China Medical University at Taichung | Liu I.-M.,Tajen University
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to investigate the antiobesity and antihyperlipidemic effects of vinegar-baked Radix Bupleuri (VBRB) on high-fat diet- (HFD-) induced obese rats. After being fed HFD for two weeks, rats were dosed orally with VBRB or fenofibrate, once daily for further twelve weeks. VBRB (1.0gkg -1 per day) produced effects similar to fenofibrate (100mgkg-1) in reducing body weight (BW) gain, visceral fat-pad weights, plasma lipid levels, as well as hepatic TG and cholesterol content of HFD-fed rats. VBRB also lowered hepatic lipid droplet accumulation and the size of epididymal adipocytes in HFD-fed rats. VBRB and fenofibrate reversed the HFD-induced downregulation of hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR). HFD-induced reductions in the hepatic levels of acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO) and cytochrome P450 isoform 4A1 (CYP4A1) proteins were reversed by VBRB and fenofibrate. The elevated expression of hepatic sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) in HFD-fed rats was lowered by VBRB and fenofibrate. The results of this study show that VBRB suppresses BW gain and body fat accumulation by increasing fatty acid oxidation, an effect which is likely mediated via upregulation of PPAR and downregulation of SREBP expression in the liver of HFD-fed rats. Copyright © 2012 Thing-Fong Tzeng et al. Source


Tzeng T.-F.,Pao Chien Hospital | Lu H.-J.,Traditional Medicinal Center | Liou S.-S.,Tajen University | Chang C.J.,China Medical University at Taichung | Liu I.-M.,Tajen University
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to investigate the antiobesity and antihyperlipidaemic effects of emodin on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats, and on the regulation of the expression of the genes involved in lipid metabolism to elucidate the mechanisms. After being fed HFD for two weeks, Wistar rats were dosed orally with emodin (40 and 80mgkg(1)) or pioglitazone (20mgkg(1)), once daily for eight weeks. Emodin (80mgkg(1) per day) displayed similar characteristics to pioglitazone (20mg kg(1) per day) in reducing body weight gain, plasma lipid levels as well as coronary artery risk index and atherogenic index of HFD-fed rats. Emodin also caused dose related reductions in the hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol contents and lowered hepatic lipid droplets accumulation in HFD-fed rats. Emodin and pioglitazone enhanced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its primary downstream targeting enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, up-regulated gene expression of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1, and down-regulated sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 and fatty acid synthase protein levels in hepatocytes of HFD-fed rats. Our findings suggest emodin could attenuate lipid accumulation by decreasing lipogenesis and increasing mitochondrial fatty acid -oxidation mediated by activation of the AMPK signaling pathway. Copyright © 2012 Thing-Fong Tzeng et al. Source


Tzeng T.-F.,Pao Chien Hospital | Lu H.-J.,Traditional Medicinal Center | Liou S.-S.,Tajen University | Chang C.J.,Tajen University | Liu I.-M.,Tajen University
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2014

We investigated the effects of zerumbone, a natural cyclic sesquiterpene of Zingiber zerumbet Smith, on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hyperlipidemic hamsters. After being fed HFD for 2. weeks, Syrian golden hamsters were dosed orally with zerumbone (25, 50, and 100. mg/kg) once daily for 8. weeks. Decreased plasma levels of TC, TG and LDL-C, as well as the concentrations of hepatic lipids, with a simultaneous increase in fecal lipids were found. The ratios of LDL-C/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C were elevated by zerumbone. Zerumbone exhibited the ability to decreased hepatic mRNA levels of fatty acid synthase, malic enzyme, sterol-regulatory element binding protein and 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase reductase. The hepatic mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, together with its target gene carnitine palmitoyl transferase and acyl-CoA oxidase were also upregulated by zerumbone. Zerumbone is effective to improve dyslipidemia by modulating the genes expression involving in the lipolytic and lipogenic pathways of lipids metabolism. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Tzeng T.-F.,Pao Chien Hospital | Lu H.-J.,Traditional Medicinal Center | Liou S.-S.,Tajen University | Chang C.J.,China Medical University at Taichung | Liu I.-M.,Tajen University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

Natural herbal medications may be one answer to the worldwide epidemic of obesity. This study examines the effects of Cassia seed ethanol extract (CSEE) upon lipid accumulation in white adipose tissue (WAT). CSEE exhibited a significant concentration-dependent decrease in the intracellular accumulation of trigycerides in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. After being fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 2 weeks, rats were fed CSEE (100, 200 or 300 mg/kg) once daily for 8 weeks. CSEE caused dose-related reductions in body weight gain (as well as plasma lipid levels and epididymal WAT sizes in HFD-fed rats). CSEE enhanced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its primary downstream targeting enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, up-regulated gene expression of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1, and down-regulated sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 and fatty acid synthase protein levels in epididymal WAT of HFD-fed rats. CSEE could attenuate lipid accumulation in WAT via AMPK signaling pathway activation. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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