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Hong H.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Zhang Y.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Engle J.W.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Nayak T.R.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | And 4 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2012

The goal of this study was to employ nano-graphene for tumor targeting in an animal tumor model, and quantitatively evaluate the pharmacokinetics and tumor targeting efficacy through positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using 66Ga as the radiolabel. Nano-graphene oxide (GO) sheets with covalently linked, amino group-terminated six-arm branched polyethylene glycol (PEG; 10 kDa) chains were conjugated to NOTA (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid, for 66Ga-labeling) and TRC105 (an antibody that binds to CD105). Flow cytometry analyses, size measurements, and serum stability studies were performed to characterize the GO conjugates before in vivo investigations in 4T1 murine breast tumor-bearing mice, which were further validated by histology. TRC105-conjugated GO was specific for CD105 in cell culture. 66Ga-NOTA-GO-TRC105 and 66Ga-NOTA-GO exhibited excellent stability in complete mouse serum. In 4T1 tumor-bearing mice, these GO conjugates were primarily cleared through the hepatobiliary pathway. 66Ga-NOTA-GO-TRC105 accumulated quickly in the 4T1 tumors and tumor uptake remained stable over time (3.8 ± 0.4, 4.5 ± 0.4, 5.8 ± 0.3, and 4.5 ± 0.4 %ID/g at 0.5, 3, 7, and 24 h post-injection respectively; n = 4). Blocking studies with unconjugated TRC105 confirmed CD105 specificity of 66Ga-NOTA-GO-TRC105, which was corroborated by biodistribution and histology studies. Furthermore, histological examination revealed that targeting of NOTA-GO-TRC105 is tumor vasculature CD105 specific with little extravasation. Successful demonstration of in vivo tumor targeting with GO, along with the versatile chemistry of graphene-based nanomaterials, makes them suitable nanoplatforms for future biomedical research such as cancer theranostics. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Hong H.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Yang K.,Soochow University of China | Zhang Y.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Engle J.W.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | And 9 more authors.
ACS Nano | Year: 2012

Herein we demonstrate that nanographene can be specifically directed to the tumor neovasculature in vivo through targeting of CD105 (i.e., endoglin), a vascular marker for tumor angiogenesis. The covalently functionalized nanographene oxide (GO) exhibited excellent stability and target specificity. Pharmacokinetics and tumor targeting efficacy of the GO conjugates were investigated with serial noninvasive positron emission tomography imaging and biodistribution studies, which were validated by in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo experiments. The incorporation of an active targeting ligand (TRC105, a monoclonal antibody that binds to CD105) led to significantly improved tumor uptake of functionalized GO, which was specific for the neovasculature with little extravasation, warranting future investigation of these GO conjugates for cancer-targeted drug delivery and/or photothermal therapy to enhance therapeutic efficacy. Since poor extravasation is a major hurdle for nanomaterial-based tumor targeting in vivo, this study also establishes CD105 as a promising vascular target for future cancer nanomedicine. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Patent
TRACON Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2010-03-31

The present application relates to compositions of humanized and humanized/deimmunized anti-endoglin antibodies and antigen-binding fragments thereof. One aspect relates to antibodies having one or more modifications in at least one amino acid residue of at least one of the framework regions of the variable heavy chain, the variable light chain or both. Another aspect relates to antibodies which bind endoglin and inhibit angiogenesis. Another aspect relates to the deimmunization of humanized antibodies to reduce immunogenicity. Another aspect relates to the use of humanized and humanized/deimmunized antibodies which bind endoglin for the detection, diagnosis or treatment of a disease or condition associated with endoglin, angiogenesis or a combination thereof.


Patent
TRACON Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2013-09-05

The present application relates to formulations of anti-CD105 antibodies, antigen-binding fragments thereof, and uses thereof. Another aspect relates to pre-filled syringes of the formulations of anti-CD105 antibodies or antigen-binding fragments thereof. Another aspect relates to the use of the formulations to reduce one or more signs or symptoms of an angiogenesis-related disorder such as cancers and ophthalmologic diseases.


Patent
TRACON Pharmaceuticals | Date: 2012-05-31

The present application relates to compositions of humanized and humanized/deimmunized anti-endoglin antibodies and antigen-binding fragments thereof. One aspect relates to antibodies having one or more modifications in at least one amino acid residue of at least one of the framework regions of the variable heavy chain, the variable light chain or both. Another aspect relates to antibodies which bind endoglin and inhibit angiogenesis. Another aspect relates to the deimmunization of humanized antibodies to reduce immunogenicity. Another aspect relates to the use of humanized and humanized/deimmunized antibodies which bind endoglin for the detection, diagnosis or treatment of a disease or condition associated with endoglin, angiogenesis or a combination thereof.

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