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Bunkyo-ku, Japan

Toyo Gakuen University , also known by the acronym TGU, founded in 1926, is a small private college located in the greater Tokyo area of Japan. The university has two campuses. The original campus, which presently houses the School of Business Administration, is located in downtown Tokyo, in Hongō, Bunkyō Ward. The school also has a larger campus in the city of Nagareyama, in Chiba Prefecture, about an hour away from the main campus by train. The Nagareyama campus is the home for TGU's Faculty of Humanities. Wikipedia.

Abe T.,University of Mississippi | Abe T.,Toyo Gakuen University | Mitsukawa N.,Toyo Gakuen University | Thiebaud R.S.,University of Oklahoma | And 2 more authors.
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

Background and aims: It is unknown if the site-specific muscle loss of ageing muscle is associated with accelerometer-determined daily step count and/or intensity of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between accelerometer-determined physical activity and lower body muscle size in women. Methods: Forty-eight women aged 52 to 76 years had their muscle thickness (MTH) measured by B-mode ultrasound at seven sites on the anterior and posterior aspects of their upper- and lower-leg. Daytime physical activity was measured using an accelerometer on 30 consecutive days and the total duration of each level of exercise intensity (light-PA, moderate-PA and vigorous-PA), average step count, and physical activity-related energy expenditure were calculated. Results: Age was inversely correlated with anterior 30% upper-leg MTH (r=-0.296, p<0.05), but not with other measured MTH sites. Light-PA was not significantly (p>0.05) correlated with measured lower body MTH. However, moderate-PA was correlated (p<0.05) with lower-leg MTH, while vigorous-PA was correlated (p<0.05) with lower-leg and anterior 30% upper-leg MTH. Following adjustment for confounding factors, the anterior and posterior lower-leg MTH was positively correlated (p<0.05) with duration of moderate-PA and vigorous-PA, as well as average step count. Conclusions: Thus daily moderate and vigorous physical activity was associated with higher muscle mass in the lower leg, but not in the upper-leg muscle, suggesting that the site-specific upper-leg muscle loss may not be prevented or attenuated by daily physical activity. ©2012, Editrice Kurtis. Source

Ogawa M.,University of Tokyo | Mitsukawa N.,Toyo Gakuen University | Bemben M.G.,University of Oklahoma | Abe T.,University of Tokyo
Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

Context: Previous studies investigated the relationship between ultrasound-derived anatomical muscle thickness (MTH) and individual muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and muscle volume in several limb and trunk muscles; however, the adductor muscle that contributes to hip adduction and pelvic stabilization, as well as balance ability, has not been studied. Objective: To examine the relationship between MTH of the lower, middle, and upper thigh measured by B-mode ultrasound and the muscle CSA and volume of adductor muscle obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to confirm the possibility of predicting adductor muscle CSA/volume using ultrasound-derived MTH. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: 10 men and 10 women (20-41 y old) volunteered to participate in this study. Main Outcome Measures: A series of continuous muscle CSAs along the thigh were measured by MRI scans (1.5-T scanner, GE Signa). In each slice, the anatomical CSA of the adductors was analyzed, and the muscle volume was calculated by multiplying muscle CSA by slice thickness. Thigh MTH was measured by B-mode ultrasound (Aloka SSD-500) at 5 sites (anterior 30%, 50%, and 70% and posterior 50% and 70% of thigh length). Results: A strong correlation was observed between anterior 30% MTH and 30% adductor CSA in men (r = .845, P < .002) and women (r = .952, P < .001) and in both groups combined (r = .922, P < .001). Anterior 30% MTH was also strongly correlated to adductor muscle volume when combined with thigh length (n = 20, r = .949, P < .001). However, there were moderate or nonsignificant correlations between anterior and posterior 50% and 70% MTH and adductor muscle CSA/volume. Conclusions: The results suggest that MTH in the upper portion of anterior thigh best reflects adductor muscle CSA or muscle volume, while the lower portions of the anterior and posterior sites are least likely to predict adductor muscle size. © 2012 Human Kinetics, Inc. Source

The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristic of workloads on human care worker with the introduction of IT system, and suggested the support measures for KAIZEN in Japan. The investigation method is workflow line and hearing with a focus on work observation. The objects were 8 human care workers of the acute hospital that introduced an electronic system. By the introduction of the electronic chart, the nurse station sojourn time decreased, sickroom sojourn time increased, and time about direct nursing care to a patient increased. In addition, access to patient information became easy, and the offer of the health care service based on correct information came to be possible in real time. By The point of workflow line, it was effect that moving lengths decreased in order to install the electronic chart in patients' rooms. Though, it was a problem that it hasn't formed where to place the instruments such as sphygmomanometer, clinical thermometer and others. Source

Mizuno Y.,Toyo Gakuen University
Work (Reading, Mass.)

In this paper, we introduce the new workflow line system consisted of the location and image recording, which led to the acquisition of workflow information and the analysis display. From the results of workflow line investigation, we considered the anticipated effects and the problems on KAIZEN. Workflow line information included the location information and action contents information. These technologies suggest the viewpoints to help improvement, for example, exclusion of useless movement, the redesign of layout and the review of work procedure. Manufacturing factory, it was clear that there was much movement from the standard operation place and accumulation residence time. The following was shown as a result of this investigation, to be concrete, the efficient layout was suggested by this system. In the case of the hospital, similarly, it is pointed out that the workflow has the problem of layout and setup operations based on the effective movement pattern of the experts. This system could adapt to routine work, including as well as non-routine work. By the development of this system which can fit and adapt to industrial diversification, more effective "visual management" (visualization of work) is expected in the future. Source

Nishimura Y.,Toyo Gakuen University
AAAI Fall Symposium - Technical Report

This study extends humor theory to explain puns originating from orthographic conversion in Japanese computer-mediated communication (CMC). Standard word-processing software converts Romanized input to appropriate orthographic output consisting of phono-graphic kana and ideographic kanji. Such software may produce an output often semantically incongruent with the intended output, which can be humorous. The dataset analyzed here consists of 492 online submissions to the "Humorous Misconversion Contest" held by the Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation. Since not all misconversions are funny, the study accounts for how misconversions satisfy funniness conditions of the Semantic Script Theory of Humor. The study finds that script interpretability, as the basis of script compatibility, and script opposition are of most importance in humor perception. It also finds that script oppositeness resides not only within texts but also in outer contexts. As yet, very few academic studies have discussed humor in Japanese CMC. Since a majority of verbal humor is researched on alphabet-based languages, the observations here are expected to enrich and broaden our knowledge of humor. Copyright © 2012, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. All rights reserved. Source

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