Bunkyo-ku, Japan
Bunkyo-ku, Japan

Toyo Gakuen University , also known by the acronym TGU, founded in 1926, is a small private college located in the greater Tokyo area of Japan. The university has two campuses. The original campus, which presently houses the School of Business Administration, is located in downtown Tokyo, in Hongō, Bunkyō Ward. The school also has a larger campus in the city of Nagareyama, in Chiba Prefecture, about an hour away from the main campus by train. The Nagareyama campus is the home for TGU's Faculty of Humanities. Wikipedia.


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Tabira Y.,Panasonic | Otieno F.X.,Ritsumeikan University | Goto S.,Toyo Gakuen University
PICMET 2016 - Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology: Technology Management For Social Innovation, Proceedings | Year: 2016

Japan has embarked on aggressive global outreach programs in various sectors and administrative levels in order to develop people with global outlook to cope with the rapid advancement of globalization. In this regard regional local governments have also embarked on a number of initiatives in designing localized global outreach programs. A case study analysis is used to show how regional local governments, (hereinafter referred to as the municipal government) strategically build collaborative networks to advance the global human resources development programs designed to train the work force who can address the challenges affected by globalization. Specifically, this paper employs the social network framework to analyze the collaboration between the Osaka Miyakojima municipality and a Non-Profit organization (NPO) in developing social networks to link Osaka municipality schools and there international counterparts for the purpose of conducing online based international exchange programs that enable the students conduct real time communication and give them exposure at an early age in this notoriously closed society. © 2016 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, Inc.


Abe T.,Indiana University Bloomington | Abe T.,Toyo Gakuen University | Ogawa M.,Toyo Gakuen University | Thiebaud R.S.,University of Oklahoma | And 2 more authors.
Geriatrics and Gerontology International | Year: 2014

Aim: Recently, data have questioned the homogenous model of sarcopenia, and suggest that the loss of muscle mass could occur in a site-specific manner. It is unclear, however, whether a muscle strength ratio can be used to assess age-related, site-specific muscle loss. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the age-related loss of thigh muscle, muscle function and gait performance. Methods: A total of 55 men aged 18-79years had muscle thickness (MTH) measured by ultrasound at three sites on the anterior (30% and 50% of thigh length) and posterior (70% of thigh length) aspects of the thigh. MTH ratios were calculated to assess the site-specific muscle loss (anterior 30%:posterior 70% MTH [A30:P70] and anterior 50%:posterior 70% MTH [A50:P70]). Walking performance, maximum isometric knee extension/flexion, toe-grasping and handgrip strength were measured. Results: Age was inversely correlated with the ratios of A30:P70 (r=-0.332) and A50:P70 (r=-0.466). There were no significant correlations between the A30:P70 and A50:P70 ratios, and height and bodyweight. The A30:P70 and A50:P70 ratios were also not correlated with maximal walking speed. However, the A50:P70 ratio was significantly correlated with zig-zag walking (r=-0.350) and handgrip strength (r=0.334). In addition, these MTH ratios were also correlated with knee extension (r=0.309 and r=0.405), flexion (r=0.306 and r=0.412) and toe-grasping strength (r=0.265 and r=0.336). After adjusting for physical activity, the MTH ratios were still not correlated with ratio of muscle strength. Conclusion: Strength ratios did not correlate with MTH ratios. Our cross-sectional analysis suggests that age-related site-specific muscle loss could assess the decrease in absolute muscular strength, but not the ratio of muscle strength. © 2014 Japan Geriatrics Society.


Abe T.,Indiana University Bloomington | Abe T.,Toyo Gakuen University | Thiebaud R.S.,University of Oklahoma | Loenneke J.P.,University of Oklahoma | And 2 more authors.
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2014

Very little information is available concerning the relationship between handgrip strength and muscle size in the upper and lower extremities, especially the forearm muscle itself. To investigate the relationships among ultrasound-measured forearm muscle thickness from the radius and ulna bone interface with handgrip strength, knee extension strength, walking speed and absolute/relative total skeletal muscle mass (TMM), 32 Japanese men and 21 Japanese women ages 70-83 years had muscle thickness (MT) measured by ultrasound. In the forearm, two MTs (forearm-radius and forearm-ulna MT) were measured. TMM was estimated from an ultrasound-derived prediction equation. Handgrip-strength was significantly correlated with forearm-ulna MT in both men and women. There were no significant correlations between forearm MT and walking speed in either sex. In men, both forearm-radius and forearm-ulna MT were significantly correlated with TMM and TMM index. In women, a significant correlation was only observed between forearm-ulna MT and TMM index. Our results suggest that forearm-ulna MT may be a useful parameter for evaluating handgrip strength and TMM index in older Japanese men and women. © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.


PubMed | University of Tsukuba, Waseda University, Fukushima Medical University and Toyo Gakuen University
Type: | Journal: Social science & medicine (1982) | Year: 2017

It is widely documented that psychological distress is negatively associated with social networks involvement. However, despite the theoretical postulations that social networks are crucial for alleviating psychological distress, no study has yet empirically confirmed the causality of this relationship. Thus, we used the random-effects generalized least squares method to investigate the effect of one- and two-year lagged values for involvement in social networks on psychological distress. Nine years of longitudinal data were extracted from a nationally representative survey in Japan (The Longitudinal Survey of Middle-aged and Older Persons). We utilized the Kessler 6 (K6) score to measure psychological distress among 15,242 respondents aged 50-59 years in the baseline year (2005), and stratified participants into three layers of social networks: inner (well-established friendship ties and participating in hobby activates), intermediary (neighborly ties), and outer (involvement in community activities). We found highly significant and negative associations between all three layers and K6 scores, with the strongest association being for the inner layer. We further observed that one-year lagged involvement in the inner and intermediary layers led to significantly lower K6 scores. However, the protective influences of social networks generally diminished over time. In addition, the protective influences of social network involvement on psychological distress were stronger for women than for men. Furthermore, involvement in social networks was especially important for improving mental health among people with psychological distress. These findings would be important for policymaking to prevent mental health deterioration among middle-aged adults in Japan.


Abe T.,University of Mississippi | Abe T.,Toyo Gakuen University | Ogawa M.,Japan Sports Association | Loenneke J.P.,University of Oklahoma | And 3 more authors.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2012

Sarcopenia is observed as a site-specific loss of skeletal muscle mass, however, it is unknown whether the site-specific sarcopenia is associated with development of physical disability. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between age-related thigh muscle loss and gait performance. Fifty-three women aged 52-83 years had their thigh muscle thickness (MTH) measured by ultrasound at five sites on the anterior (30%, 50%, and 70% of thigh length) and posterior (50% and 70% of thigh length) aspects of their thigh. Maximum and normal walking speeds, zig-zag walking time, and maximal voluntary isometric knee extension and flexion strength were measured. Age was inversely correlated to the anterior and posterior MTH ratio (e.g., anterior 50%:posterior 70% MTH ratio [. r= -0.426, p= 0.002]), thus the site-specific muscle loss of the thigh was observed in the present sample. There were no significant correlations between the anterior/posterior MTH ratio and maximum and normal walking speeds. However, the ratios of anterior 50%:posterior 70% MTH (r= -0.430) and anterior 30%:posterior 70% MTH (r= -0.444) were correlated (p= 0.001) to zig-zag walking test. After adjusting for age, height and weight, the anterior 30%:posterior 70% MTH (r= -0.292, p= 0.040) was inversely correlated to zig-zag walking performance. Isometric knee extension strength was also inversely correlated to zig-zag walking. Our results suggest that an age-related loss of adductor/quadriceps muscles may be associated with a decrease in a relatively difficult task performance such as zig-zag walking. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Miyamoto N.,Waseda University | Hirata K.,Waseda University | Mitsukawa N.,Toyo Gakuen University | Yanai T.,Waseda University | Kawakami Y.,Waseda University
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology | Year: 2011

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of wearing a graduated elastic compression (EC) stocking, with different pressure profiles during a fatiguing calf-raise exercise session, on the torque generating capacity after exercise. Fourteen subjects performed 15 sets of 10 repetitions of calf-raise exercise, wearing one of three stockings of different compression pressure profiles: two kinds of EC stockings (one (EC30) with 30. mm. Hg at the ankle, 21-25 mm Hg at the calf, and 10. mm. Hg below the knee, and the other (EC18) with 18, 12-14, and 7 mm Hg at the same regions, respectively) and a non-EC sport stocking as a control (CON). Before and after the exercise, torque and electromyographic (EMG) signals of medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscles were recorded during an evoked triplet contraction and the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). All stockings had no effect on the decline of the MVC torque whereas the reduction of the evoke triplet torque in EC30 stocking condition was significantly smaller compared with that in CON (-6.4 ± 8.5% for EC30 and -16.5 ± 9.0% for CON, P<0.05). The reduction of the mean power frequency of EMG during MVC in the EC30 condition was significantly smaller than that in CON (-4.4 ± 10.9. Hz for EC30 and -18.7 ± 7.9. Hz for CON, P<0.05). These results suggest that the EC stocking with adequate pressure at the calf region relieves muscle fatigue of the triceps surae induced by calf-raise exercise. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Ogawa M.,University of Tokyo | Mitsukawa N.,Toyo Gakuen University | Bemben M.G.,University of Oklahoma | Abe T.,University of Tokyo
Journal of Sport Rehabilitation | Year: 2012

Context: Previous studies investigated the relationship between ultrasound-derived anatomical muscle thickness (MTH) and individual muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and muscle volume in several limb and trunk muscles; however, the adductor muscle that contributes to hip adduction and pelvic stabilization, as well as balance ability, has not been studied. Objective: To examine the relationship between MTH of the lower, middle, and upper thigh measured by B-mode ultrasound and the muscle CSA and volume of adductor muscle obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to confirm the possibility of predicting adductor muscle CSA/volume using ultrasound-derived MTH. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: 10 men and 10 women (20-41 y old) volunteered to participate in this study. Main Outcome Measures: A series of continuous muscle CSAs along the thigh were measured by MRI scans (1.5-T scanner, GE Signa). In each slice, the anatomical CSA of the adductors was analyzed, and the muscle volume was calculated by multiplying muscle CSA by slice thickness. Thigh MTH was measured by B-mode ultrasound (Aloka SSD-500) at 5 sites (anterior 30%, 50%, and 70% and posterior 50% and 70% of thigh length). Results: A strong correlation was observed between anterior 30% MTH and 30% adductor CSA in men (r = .845, P < .002) and women (r = .952, P < .001) and in both groups combined (r = .922, P < .001). Anterior 30% MTH was also strongly correlated to adductor muscle volume when combined with thigh length (n = 20, r = .949, P < .001). However, there were moderate or nonsignificant correlations between anterior and posterior 50% and 70% MTH and adductor muscle CSA/volume. Conclusions: The results suggest that MTH in the upper portion of anterior thigh best reflects adductor muscle CSA or muscle volume, while the lower portions of the anterior and posterior sites are least likely to predict adductor muscle size. © 2012 Human Kinetics, Inc.


The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristic of workloads on human care worker with the introduction of IT system, and suggested the support measures for KAIZEN in Japan. The investigation method is workflow line and hearing with a focus on work observation. The objects were 8 human care workers of the acute hospital that introduced an electronic system. By the introduction of the electronic chart, the nurse station sojourn time decreased, sickroom sojourn time increased, and time about direct nursing care to a patient increased. In addition, access to patient information became easy, and the offer of the health care service based on correct information came to be possible in real time. By The point of workflow line, it was effect that moving lengths decreased in order to install the electronic chart in patients' rooms. Though, it was a problem that it hasn't formed where to place the instruments such as sphygmomanometer, clinical thermometer and others.


Mizuno Y.,Toyo Gakuen University
Work (Reading, Mass.) | Year: 2012

In this paper, we introduce the new workflow line system consisted of the location and image recording, which led to the acquisition of workflow information and the analysis display. From the results of workflow line investigation, we considered the anticipated effects and the problems on KAIZEN. Workflow line information included the location information and action contents information. These technologies suggest the viewpoints to help improvement, for example, exclusion of useless movement, the redesign of layout and the review of work procedure. Manufacturing factory, it was clear that there was much movement from the standard operation place and accumulation residence time. The following was shown as a result of this investigation, to be concrete, the efficient layout was suggested by this system. In the case of the hospital, similarly, it is pointed out that the workflow has the problem of layout and setup operations based on the effective movement pattern of the experts. This system could adapt to routine work, including as well as non-routine work. By the development of this system which can fit and adapt to industrial diversification, more effective "visual management" (visualization of work) is expected in the future.


Nishimura Y.,Toyo Gakuen University
AAAI Fall Symposium - Technical Report | Year: 2012

This study extends humor theory to explain puns originating from orthographic conversion in Japanese computer-mediated communication (CMC). Standard word-processing software converts Romanized input to appropriate orthographic output consisting of phono-graphic kana and ideographic kanji. Such software may produce an output often semantically incongruent with the intended output, which can be humorous. The dataset analyzed here consists of 492 online submissions to the "Humorous Misconversion Contest" held by the Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation. Since not all misconversions are funny, the study accounts for how misconversions satisfy funniness conditions of the Semantic Script Theory of Humor. The study finds that script interpretability, as the basis of script compatibility, and script opposition are of most importance in humor perception. It also finds that script oppositeness resides not only within texts but also in outer contexts. As yet, very few academic studies have discussed humor in Japanese CMC. Since a majority of verbal humor is researched on alphabet-based languages, the observations here are expected to enrich and broaden our knowledge of humor. Copyright © 2012, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. All rights reserved.

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