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Toyama-shi, Japan

Sato T.,University of Toyama | Kameyama T.,University of Toyama | Noto T.,Saiseikai Toyama Hospital | Nakadate T.,Saiseikai Takaoka Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis | Year: 2014

Present study aimed to investigate the impact of anti-inflammatory cytokines provoked by the hemoglobin scavenger receptor, CD163, on left ventricular (LV) functional recovery after successful reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Intraplaque hemorrhage accelerates plaque destabilization. Extracellular hemoglobin is cleared by CD163, a macrophage scavenger receptor. This process provokes secretion of anti-inflammatory atheroprotective cytokine, interleukin (IL)-10. In 40 patients with the first AMI, coronary atherothrombotic debris was retrieved during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stained with antibodies to CD163 and IL-10. LV function was determined by echocardiography before PCI and 6 months after PCI. %CD163 was defined as ratio of CD163 (+)-cells to whole cells. %IL-10 was expressed as the ratio of positively stained areas per total tissue. Patients were divided into two groups depending on the amount of CD163 (+)-cells: CD163 > 10 % (CD163high, n = 20) and CD163 ≤ 10 % (CD163low, n = 20). CD163high group had significantly higher %IL-10. Final thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade was significantly lower in CD163high group. In subgroups with the final TIMI-3 flow (CD163high-Reflow, n = 15 and CD163low-Reflow, n = 20), the time to reperfusion, infarct size, LV dimensions and fractional shortening (%FS) before PCI were similar. Significant correlation was observed between %IL10 and changes in LV dimensions (diastole, r = -0.49, P = 0.01; systole, r = -0.65, P < 0.01) or %FS (r = 0.51, P < 0.01) at 6 months after PCI. Plaque with CD163(+)-macrophages could impair distal flow after primary PCI. However, CD163(+)-macrophages enhance the anti-inflammatory cytokine expression that aids in ventricular functional recovery if distal flow can be achieved by successful reperfusion. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Shoji M.,Kanazawa University | Nojima N.,Toyama City Hospital | Yoshikawa A.,Toyama City Hospital | Fukushima W.,Toyama City Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2014

Introduction. Currarino syndrome (Currarino triad) was described in 1981 as a triad syndrome with a common embryogenesis in infants and with three characteristics: anorectal stenosis, a defect in the sacral bone, and a presacral mass. We describe here an unusual case of Currarino syndrome in an adult presenting with a presacral abscess but no meningitis. Case presentation. A 32-year-old Japanese man presented with fever, arthralgia and buttock pain. A digital rectal examination showed mild rectal stenosis with local warmth and tenderness in the posterior wall of his rectum. Computed tomography showed a scimitar-shaped deformity of his sacrum and an 8cm presacral mass, which continued to a pedicle of his deformed sacrum. This was diagnosed as Currarino syndrome with a presacral abscess. The abscess was drained by a perianal approach with our patient treated with antibiotics. His symptoms soon disappeared. After three months, an excision was performed through a posterior sagittal approach. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged 10 days after surgery. A histopathological examination revealed an infected epidermoid cyst. He has been free from recurrence as of four years and six months after surgery. Conclusions: We report a case of Currarino syndrome in an adult who presented with a presacral abscess but no meningitis. Abscess drainage followed by radical surgery resulted in a successful outcome. © 2014 Shoji et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Fujimura T.,Kanazawa University | Fushida S.,Kanazawa University | Kayahara M.,Kanazawa University | Ohta T.,Kanazawa University | And 2 more authors.
Surgery Today | Year: 2010

Segmental resection of the stomach was fi rst described at the end of the 19th century by Mikulicz, who devised it to preserve the pylorus when performing gastric ulcer surgery. Although this technique was abandoned because of delayed gastric emptying, in 1967 Maki et al. developed a new improved concept of segmental gastrectomy: pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG). The dramatic decrease in the occurrence of gastric ulcers limited the opportunity to perform these operations; however, PPG was then used for treating early gastric cancer, the incidence of which has increased remarkably over the last two decades. From the viewpoint of surgical oncology, a rationale to justify reducing the range of lymphadenectomy is required for preserving the curability. Therefore, we devised a new technique of transectional gastrectomy using sentinel node navigation for early gastric cancer located in the middle third of the stomach. The results of a questionnaire about postoperative symptoms and endoscopic assessment indicated the superiority of transectional gastrectomy over conventional distal gastrectomy. Future confi rmation of the sentinel node concept through a multi-institutional validation study conducted by the Japanese Society of Sentinel Node Navigation Surgery would lead to widespread adoption of transectional gastrectomy. © Springer 2010.

Takano A.,Saiseikai Takaoka Hospital | Niimi H.,University of Toyama | Atarashi Y.,Toyama Rosai Hospital | Sawasaki T.,Saiseikai Takaoka Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Liver International | Year: 2011

Hereditary haemochromatosis (HH), which is mainly associated with a C282Y polymorphism in HFE, is common among Caucasians of north European descent, but is very rare among Asians. Herein, we report a 43-year-old Japanese man who was diagnosed as having HH. A laboratory examination revealed an elevated serum iron level (280 μg/dl), hyperferritinemia (1698 ng/ml) and a low serum level of hepcidin-25 (4.0 ng/ml). Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging revealed findings suggestive of iron accumulation in the liver and pancreas. HFE gene sequencing in the patient revealed a novel homozygous TAC nucleotide deletion (c. 691-693del) responsible for the loss of a tyrosine at position 231 (p. Y231del) of the HFE protein. This homozygous Y231del mutation was recently found in the Huh-7 hepatoma cell line and was shown to prevent the translocation of HFE to the cell surface. This clinical case provides in vivo evidence suggesting that Huh-7 is undoubtedly a human haemochromatotic cell line and, as such, is a valuable tool for investigating the pathogenesis of HFE-related HH in humans. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Nakano M.,University of Toyama | Kawaguchi Y.,University of Toyama | Kimura T.,University of Toyama | Hirano N.,Toyama Rosai Hospital
Spine Journal | Year: 2014

Background context: There has been no study regarding the comparison between vertebroplasty and conservative treatment for osteoporotic burst fracture. Purpose: To compare the results of vertebroplasty after intravertebral cavity formation with that of conservative treatment alone. Study design: A case-control study. Methods: The vertebroplasty group included 40 consecutive patients with primary osteoporotic burst fracture who underwent vertebroplasty using calcium phosphate cement, and the control group was made up of 40 patients given conservative treatment alone who were matched for age, gender, the injury level, and the type of fracture. Two groups of patients who had no neural deficit were prospectively examined. Clinical and radiological outcomes of these two groups were compared blindly. The authors do not report any conflict of interest in this study. Outcome measures: Outcome measures included visual analog scale (VAS) of the back pain, analgesic requirements, and mobility; in a lateral radiograph, the deformity index was measured and expressed as the ratio of the vertebral body (VB) height (sum of measurements at anterior, middle, and posterior regions of VB) to the longitudinal diameter of VB. Anteroposterior height comparison was expressed as the percentage of VB height at the anterior region compared with the height at the posterior region. Each recovery rate was calculated as a percentage by the formula: (value at the examination-value before treatment)/value before treatment×100. Results: The duration of follow-up was more than 12 months (mean; 22.5 months). The mean VAS at 12 months after injury was 2.17 cm in the conservative group and 0.61 cm in the vertebroplasty group (p=.0002). The mean duration of analgesic medication required was 157.2 days in the conservative group and 21.3 days in the vertebroplasty group (p=.0048). The mean deformity index at 12 months after injury was 1.66 in the vertebroplasty group and 1.38 in the control group, and the mean recovery rate was +7.3% and -18.4%, respectively (p<.0001). Anteroposterior height comparison at 12 months after injury was 49.1% in the conservative group and 71.2% in the vertebroplasty group, and the mean recovery rate was -26.4% and +30.1%, respectively (p<.0001). One fracture in the vertebroplasty group showed delayed union until 6 months after injury. In the control group, there were six delayed union including four pseudoarthroses at over 6 months after injury that caused leg pain and were treated by conservative therapy. Conclusions: We conclude that vertebroplasty after intravertebral cavity formation provided a better clinical and radiological result than conservative treatment for osteoporotic burst fracture. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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