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Toulouse, France

Recent proposals on neurobiological phenomena addiction argued that they fall under the existence of a functional uncoupling between noradrenergic and serotonergic neurons (two neurotransmitters involved in depression). This is in addition to the disruption of dopaminergic systems already known. This deregulation would be pre-existing addiction, but repeated use of addictive substances would maintain it in a traumatophilique way. However, this understanding of addiction by the deregulation of neural systems joins Freud, who had argued about these and other disorders affecting the psyche, namely the deregulation of the pleasure-unpleasure principle, and the psychisation matrix affects, as it occurs in the repetition compulsion, which provides a delivery model. Therefore, it is possible that early deregulation of the pleasure principle, resulting in interference between the feeling of pleasure and displeasure, is a kind of "analogon" in the psychic plane. Is this deregulation of early neural systems maintained by addiction and repeating an insufficient psychisation of the emotional life caused by the maintenance of early splitting of mind/body? © 2014 De Boeck Supérieur. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays. Source


Our review of the literature supports on the psychoanalytical theories about the concepts of transference, counter transference and projection. For our analysis, we privilege Sigmund Freud's works resumed by Michel Neyraut as for the definition which they propose of the transference, understood as a displacement on "the person of the doctor" and repetition of the unconscious feelings of a primary's object relation. In the psychotherapy frame, the transference massive can express itself with strength (freely or at the price of resistances) thanks to the identification and to the projection (of love or hatred). When a negative transference that Thierry Bokanoswki translates into terms of hatred of the transference and the hatred in the transference is at stake, it is well-to-do to understand that the counter transference is affected. But the question is: How? This process which adorned us inseparable of the transference, is understood by Sandor Ferenczi and Paul Denis as an obstacle to be overcome by the therapist to reach better the psychic life of his patient thanks to their relation. Runner of the psychoanalytic considerations according to which one counter transference is a brake for the good progress of the psychotherapy but also a lever allowing the psychic elaboration and the creation of sense, we chose to register the dynamic of the transference in the clinic of the serious illness to better encircle the echoes of physical burglaries and the psychic impact of binding treatments. Besides, it generally admitted that the trauma of the somatic achievement reveals an unconscious raw engendering various psychopathologic demonstrations. The term of projection comes to illustrate this idea of a psychic disorganization and its consequences. The various psychoanalytical meanings the concept of projection and the discovery of a dialectic organizing perception/projection of any projective situation including a medium participated in the elaboration of the paradigms of the projective psychology, characterized by its theoretical and clinical transversally. Beyond the analysis of the transference and counter transference movements thanks to clinical consultations, we also chose to use Rorschach and TAT and the psychoanalytic interpretation inspired by the university of Paris 5 method. Our research appears under the form of a clinical case report built following the meeting with a patient at the beginning of dialysis. Loïc, 60years old, reached by two severe somatic pathologies taken care medically: diabetes treated by insulin and a renal insufficiency treated by dialysis. Our clinical and projective study shows in what the projection appearing in its relationships to the transference, forms an eminently effective strategy to counteract the obvious disorganization generated by the chronic diseases from which Loïc suffers. The exploratory perspective of this research joined of our previous works, by highlighting the interest of the analysis of the transference and counter transference in medical context. Although the projection was profitable to the patient, it not less nevertheless remained expensive on the side of the clinician-researcher who, became persecutor object only because of being a "learned woman", had to compose with the feminine maternal persecutive transference which was attributed to her. The transference movements and the paranoiac projections nevertheless allowed Loïc to support the event of disease in what put temporarily the therapist in trouble. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source


Mequignon M.,University Toulouse | Ait Haddou H.,National School of Architecture
IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline) | Year: 2015

The paper focuses on the assessment of natural resources consumed by the walls of buildings according to their lifespan. These assessments take account of the construction, maintenance and end of life. In the first part of the paper, the methodology is described, finally modeling the evolution of these indicators with time. In the second part, since the lifespan of a product is very difficult to determine objectively, it is considered as a variable. The numerical results presented point out the need to revisit the current life cycle tools. © 2015, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Gutierrez A.-M.,Pontifical Xavierian University | Prime S.,University Toulouse | Revillion C.,IRD Montpellier
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural | Year: 2013

Although there are statistics and general cartography on irrigation systems in Latin America, this information does not permit to identify the irrigated family farming zones located in the highland areas. In this article we locate and quantify those zones through the use of cartographic methods that helped to identify the zones that meet three requirements: 1) they are irrigated areas; 2) they are located in zones above 1000 m; 3) Their rural population density is higher than 50 inhabitants per km2. The results confirm a wide presence of this type of systems in all Latin-American sub-regions. Nevertheless, due to the restrictions of quality and updating of the information from the available sources, the results given in the present document must be taken as a guideline. Source


This thematic issue centered on the systemic approaches of the family propose to take into account the reciprocical contributions of research and pratice in the fields of family and child's development. The five papers bring a trandisciplinary light (sociology, clinical psychology, intercultural, psychology, developmental psychology) which lead both researcher and professonnal to move away from their representations and usual ways of thinking and of practicing. © 2012 Médecine and Hygiène. Source

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