Arnold Line, MS, United States
Arnold Line, MS, United States

Tougaloo College is a private, co-educational, historically black, liberal arts institution of higher education founded in 1869, in Madison County, north of Jackson, Mississippi, USA. Originally established by New York–based Christian missionaries for the education of freed slaves and their offspring, from 1871 until 1892 the college served as a teachers' training school funded by the state of Mississippi.In 1998 the buildings of the old campus were added to the National Register of Historic Places. Wikipedia.


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News Article | May 11, 2017
Site: news.yahoo.com

The US secretary of education faced jeers when she spoke at Bethune-Cookman University. And rightly so There are many reasons why one might jeer Betsy DeVos, the US education secretary. Perhaps you find her advocacy for guns in schools due to the ever present grizzly threat to be credulous. Maybe you think that her advocacy for charter schools – and the deleterious effects that these have had in her home state of Michigan – is worthy of complaint. Or maybe what gets your goat is DeVos’s support for vouchers, which takes public money and allows it to be used for tuition at private institutions. If you are a student at a historically black college or university (HBCU), however, what is likely the most galling to you was a comment made by DeVos a couple of months ago. After meeting with leaders of HBCUs at the White House, DeVos released a statement: The sitting education secretary of the United States of America seriously put out a statement equating the creation of colleges and universities that were designed to maintain state-sanctioned segregation to the present-day debate over “school choice” in the form of vouchers and charter schools. It is a sentiment that is breathtaking in its ignorance, but given the context of the White House administration that DeVos serves, perhaps not so much. It is in this context that we should place what happened at Bethune-Cookman University on Wednesday. There, DeVos was booed heavily as she, shockingly, was awarded an honorary doctorate from the institution. The booing was so loud that Bethune-Cookman president Edison Jackson admonished the crowd, threatening them with the cancellation of the event. He explained the motives of awarding DeVos and inviting her to be the commencement speaker: There are many ways that a college or university could “make friends” in order to “raise money” that do not involve inviting someone so ignorant of recent history in the US to address students at an event that they have worked hard toward for years. After all, it is why institutions of higher education have departments of government relations, including Bethune-Cookman. And one certainly does not need to engage in such outlandish puffery like the Bethune-Cookman administration did, where they sent out a press release comparing DeVos to the school’s founder and namesake, who built the university up while being threatened by the Ku Klux Klan on a regular basis. But that is beside the point: During the speech, a sophomore, Bobbie Luke, right fist aloft, was escorted out of the Ocean Center. He told CNN he didn’t know why he was removed. “I’m standing with my seniors, man. No one likes her, man. Period,” he said. “I don’t like what she said, and nothing at the end of the day is going to change my opinion.” Luke is not wrong. HBCUs have a diverse tradition, but one of the pillars of HBCU history is the solidarity and hard work that they gave to the civil rights movement. Some of the movement’s most recognized leaders – such as Fisk University student and future US congressman John Lewis – came from these institutions forged from necessity in the hottest fires of the Jim Crow south. These campuses acted as centers for organizing, culture and safety during a period where the simple act of registering people to vote could result in the end of someone’s life. Just as they did during the 1950s and 1960s, HBCUs continue to play a large role in the latest iterations of organizing around justice and equality. You would be hard-pressed to find an HBCU that had not hosted or provided aid to the Black Lives Matter movement. But beyond that, HBCUs have been at the center of economic struggle as well. Tougaloo College, for example, has been an ongoing springboard of organizing for workers at the Nissan plant in Canton, Mississippi, who have been fighting for union recognition for years. The legacy of HBCUs is that they continue to produce people who will leave college and be at the forefront of progress and community change. There’s a long line from Mary McLeod Bethune to our present-day working class intellectuals such as Tressie McMillan Cottom, and you can trace that through places like Bethune-Cookman University. Giving a platform to those that would undermine that legacy – and defending such a choice as strongly as Edison Jackson has – is simply a disgrace. In the end, you really got to wonder about the kind of educator that sees Betsy DeVos as an ally while treating Bobbie Luke as a threat.


News Article | May 9, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

Tougaloo is the name of a town and college north of Jackson, Mississippi. On March 27, 1961, nine Tougaloo College students made a difference for all citizens when they entered and read books in an all-white public library in their successful and non-violent event. As part of the Tougaloo Nine, Geraldine Edwards Hollis recounts the real story behind such historic and symbolic event in her published book “Back To Mississippi” (published by Xlibris). Published in 2011, the book is set to have a new marketing campaign. “After 50 years, it was time to let the story be known. The world, especially my family had a right to know how I got to be at Tougaloo. They needed to know how I became a member Tougaloo Nine and the resulting history.” For Hollis, writing the book is essential due to the fact that civil rights, injustice, segregation, cultural bashing and inequality today has moved from simply the issue of race as it invades all citizens in the work place, entertainment, education, social media and communities at large. “There is no other book written on the Tougaloo Nine from the personal and living experiences that were revealed by the entering into a segregated public in the state of Mississippi.” An excerpt from the book: “If you do not know your history, you are destined to repeat it.” “Back To Mississippi” By Geraldine Edwards Hollis Hardcover | 6 x 9in | 332 pages | ISBN 9781465368225 Softcover | 6 x 9in | 332 pages | ISBN 9781465368218 E-Book | 332 pages | ISBN 9781465368232 Available at Amazon and Barnes & Noble About the Author Geraldine Edwards Hollis is a wife, mother and grandmother. She resides in Northern California. She is a native of Mississippi. She attended Tougaloo College in Tougaloo Mississippi. She is a public speaker, community activist and volunteer with several non-profits. Hollis enjoys living life healthy, fit and well. She knows that education is a force to enable accountability to self and community. She enjoys reading, writing and sharing her thoughts. She intends to answer the questions of why she put her life on the line and her future in jeopardy. Hollis also wrote the book “March Memories,” published in 2014. This is her official website: BacktoMississippi.com. Xlibris Publishing, an Author Solutions, LLC imprint, is a self-publishing services provider created in 1997 by authors, for authors. By focusing on the needs of creative writers and artists and adopting the latest print-on-demand publishing technology and strategies, we provide expert publishing services with direct and personal access to quality publication in hardcover, trade paperback, custom leather-bound and full-color formats. To date, Xlibris has helped to publish more than 60,000 titles. For more information, visit xlibris.com or call 1-888-795-4274 to receive a free publishing guide. Follow us @XlibrisPub on Twitter for the latest news.


News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

LearnHowToBecome.org, a leading resource provider for higher education and career information, has announced its ranking of the best colleges and universities in Mississippi for 2017. Of the 15 four-year schools that qualified for the list, Millsaps College, Mississippi College, University of Mississippi, Belhaven University and Mississippi State University scored as the top five schools. Of the 15 two-year schools included in the ranking, East Mississippi Community College, Northeast Mississippi Community College, East Central Community College, Itawamba Community College and Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College were the top five. A full list of schools is included below. “These Mississippi schools have a proven track record of setting up their students for post-college career success,” said Wes Ricketts, senior vice president of LearnHowToBecome.org. “Our analysis shows the value of the education each of these schools provides, with academic and employment resources for students translating to strong post-college earnings.” To be included on Mississippi’s “Best Colleges” list, schools must be regionally accredited, not-for-profit institutions. Each college is also scored on more than a dozen additional data points including diversity of program offerings, career services, educational counseling, financial aid availability, graduation rates and student/teacher ratios. Complete details on each college, their individual scores and the data and methodology used to determine the LearnHowToBecome.org “Best Colleges in Mississippi” list, visit: The Best Four-Year Colleges in Mississippi for 2017 include: Alcorn State University Belhaven University Blue Mountain College Delta State University Jackson State University Millsaps College Mississippi College Mississippi State University Mississippi University for Women Mississippi Valley State University Rust College Tougaloo College University of Mississippi University of Southern Mississippi William Carey University The Best Two-Year Colleges in Mississippi for 2017 include: Coahoma Community College Copiah-Lincoln Community College East Central Community College East Mississippi Community College Hinds Community College Holmes Community College Itawamba Community College Jones County Junior College Meridian Community College Mississippi Delta Community College Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College Northeast Mississippi Community College Northwest Mississippi Community College Pearl River Community College Southwest Mississippi Community College ### About Us: LearnHowtoBecome.org was founded in 2013 to provide data and expert driven information about employment opportunities and the education needed to land the perfect career. Our materials cover a wide range of professions, industries and degree programs, and are designed for people who want to choose, change or advance their careers. We also provide helpful resources and guides that address social issues, financial aid and other special interest in higher education. Information from LearnHowtoBecome.org has proudly been featured by more than 700 educational institutions.


News Article | October 28, 2016
Site: www.24-7pressrelease.com

JACKSON, MS, October 28, 2016-- Patricia Freeman, Ph.D., has been included in Marquis Who's Who. As in all Marquis Who's Who biographical volumes, individuals profiled are selected on the basis of current reference value. Factors such as position, noteworthy accomplishments, visibility, and prominence in a field are all taken into account during the selection process.An economist and educator originally from Georgia, Dr. Freeman has been an associate professor of economics at Jackson State University in Mississippi since 1998. Prior to joining the faculty at Jackson State, she worked as an associate professor of economics and management, as well as the head of the Department of Business, at the University of Mobile's Latin American Campus in San Marcos, Nicaragua. Dr. Freeman is also a past chair of Tougaloo College's economics department; she served in this role from 1979 to 1980 and again from 1985 to 1986.Dr. Freeman's own academic foundation includes a Ph.D. in economics from Louisiana State University. She has remained current in her professional community through affiliations with the Southern Economic Association, the American Economic Association, and Beta Gamma Sigma. A member of the Mississippi Chapter of the Spelman Alumnae Association, Dr. Freeman was vice president of the organization from 2006 to 2010. Dr. Freeman has further communicated her expertise by contributing articles to professional journals.In addition to her work in academia, Dr. Freeman has also been involved with a number of civic organizations. She is a past board member of Central Mississippi Health Services, Inc., Diabetes Self-Management Education Program, and a past board member of Footprint Creative Arts Institute. From 2010 to 2013, she volunteered with the. Her hobbies outside of her professional and philanthropic work include travel.Dr. Freeman received the Academic Advisor of the Year Award from Jackson State University for the school years of 2007-2008, 2004-2005, and 2002-2003. She was honored with the Faculty Achievement in Service Award for the school year of 2005-2006. Her accomplishments were highlighted in the 64th through 70th editions of Who's Who in America, the 28th through 33rd editions of Who's Who in the World, and the 28th edition of Who's Who of American Women.About Marquis Who's Who :Since 1899, when A. N. Marquis printed the First Edition of Who's Who in America , Marquis Who's Who has chronicled the lives of the most accomplished individuals and innovators from every significant field of endeavor, including politics, business, medicine, law, education, art, religion and entertainment. Today, Who's Who in America remains an essential biographical source for thousands of researchers, journalists, librarians and executive search firms around the world. Marquis now publishes many Who's Who titles, including Who's Who in America , Who's Who in the World , Who's Who in American Law , Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare , Who's Who in Science and Engineering , and Who's Who in Asia . Marquis publications may be visited at the official Marquis Who's Who website at www.marquiswhoswho.com


News Article | November 13, 2016
Site: www.eurekalert.org

NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 13, 2016 -- Smoking 20 or more cigarettes a day increases the risk of diabetes among blacks, according to a preliminary study presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2016. Researchers studied nearly 3,000 black participants in the Jackson Heart study, who reported their smoking status. During the study, 466 people were diagnosed with diabetes. While diabetes incidence was similar among those smoking less than a pack day, past smokers and never smokers, the risk of diabetes was 62 percent higher for those smoking more than a pack a day. "Smoking cessation should be strongly encouraged in blacks with risk factors for diabetes," researchers said. Wendy White, Ph.D., Tougaloo College, Tougaloo, Mississippi. Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at http://www. .


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: HIST BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIV | Award Amount: 199.92K | Year: 2015

The Historically Black Colleges and Universities-Undergraduate Program (HBCU-UP) Research Initiation Awards (RIAs) provide support to STEM junior faculty at HBCUs who are starting to build a research program, as well as for mid-career faculty who may have returned to the faculty ranks after holding an administrative post or who needs to redirect and rebuild a research program. Faculty members may pursue research at their home institution, at an NSF-funded Center, at a research intensive institution or at a national laboratory. The RIA projects are expected to help further the faculty members research capability and effectiveness, to improve research and teaching at his or her home institution, and to involve undergraduate students in research experiences. With support from the National Science Foundation, Tougaloo College will conduct research to understand how heme proteins function in biological systems and what factors regulate their functions. The research project is an interdisciplinary project which will involve students and faculty in the areas of chemistry, physics and biology. The project is expected to expand the research capacity of the College and to promote student and faculty engagement in STEM disciplines. It will contribute to the Colleges efforts to produce more qualified STEM workers and researchers, especially from underrepresented minority groups.

The goals of this project are to: 1) study the dynamic structure of the di-heme enzyme, MauG, and some mutant MauG proteins; 2) determine the relationship between the dynamic properties and the enzyme function; and 3) identify key structural features that control the dynamic structures and long-range electron transfer properties of the enzyme. Resonance Raman and FTIR spectroscopy along with kinetic studies will be used to achieve these goals. Findings from this work will provide clues as to how the protein is self-regulated to perform the catalytic function while protecting itself from oxidative damage and may also help to elucidate the electron-transfer and catalytic mechanism of other multi-active center proteins or protein complexes. This work is expected to extend the understanding of the structure-function relationship, especially the roles of remote residue in electron transfer. This project will also provide training in variable temperature techniques, and protein expression and purification techniques for undergraduates. These are valuable skills that will allow students to distinguish themselves in the job market and/or give students a competitive edge when applying to graduate schools.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 1.03M | Year: 2011

Tougaloo College, a minority-serving institution, is awarding two-year scholarships to 18 talented, upper-level students with a major in biology, chemistry, mathematics or physics who desire certification in secondary education and are committed to completing four years of teaching in grades 7-12 in high-need school districts in Mississippi. The substantial curriculum is being driven by clinical field-based experiences in formal and informal settings, seminars, and workshops in collaboration with established local school districts and community partners. The Noyce Program is being structured around undergraduate and post-graduate mentoring by STEM and Education Division faculty and master 7-12 teachers, professional development activities and networking. Scholars are being prepared to enter the 7-12 STEM classroom as highly qualified, highly effective teachers and are provided resources and support to ensure teacher retention. Pre-Noyce activities such as teaching in the colleges Summer Science Program are being made available to freshmen and sophomores who wish to ultimately apply for Noyce scholarships. By establishing a strong STEM Teacher Education Program that will impact Mississippi students for years to come, the Program is increasing the number of qualified beginning STEM teachers in Mississippi and increasing the number of effective beginning teachers in schools serving economic and socially disadvantaged students. The project is establishing a mechanism for ongoing participation between Tougaloo STEM and Education faculty, increasing the number and expertise of STEM beginning teachers, and subsequently improving the aspirations and competence of Mississippi students. By building partnerships with community schools, the Program is creating a pipeline for future qualified STEM teachers to serve in area high-need schools.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 598.00K | Year: 2012

The Scholarship, Leadership, and Mentoring in the STEM Fields (SLMS) project at Tougaloo College is supporting 15 students with 4-year scholarships as they earn degrees in science, computer science, or mathematics. To augment traditional studies, the SLMS program also is focusing on leadership training in addition to community building. SLMS scholars are benefiting from individual mentoring from a faculty team of two and from targeted academic support through the colleges Science Success Center. In addition, SLMS scholars are being given opportunities for internships with workforce partners as well as research opportunities with on-campus faculty. SLMS scholars are being invited to take advantage of intensive career counseling in addition to leadership skill-building workshops and seminars. Scholars are participating in the ACTIVE seminar series in which they are building their scientific writing and presentation skills while also interfacing with the invited distinguished faculty visitors.

Intellectual Merit: The SLMS program is removing one of the major hindrances concerning minority student success in STEM disciplines, namely financial need. With a revamped curriculum, Tougaloo is positioned to increase STEM student engagement and build hands-on investigative and critical thinking skills. This program is providing data on the impact of financial support on recruitment and retention-to-degree of African-American students at a small private HBCU .

Broader Impact: The project is building on a strong base to provide everything a student needs to attend college and to succeed as a major in a STEM area. Academic enrichment, professional development, and a hands-on approach to mentoring are at the core of this program that is graduating well-rounded, scientifically literate, community-committed, minority students who are increasing the diversity in the STEM workforce.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 349.85K | Year: 2015

The Historically Black Colleges and Universities Undergraduate Program (HBCU-UP) provides support for the design, implementation, and assessment of strategies that can lead to comprehensive institutional efforts to increase the number of students receiving undergraduate degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and enhance the quality of their preparation by strengthening STEM education and research. The project at Tougaloo College seeks to establish the foundation for Preparing Undergraduates in STEM Holistically (PUSH). The goal of the project is to establish a multi-layered approach that engages faculty and students with the ultimate goal of developing a model for utilizing a strong academic environment to strengthen STEM education at the institution.

The specific aims of the project are to: increase student enrollment in STEM undergraduate majors, with a special emphasis in the Physical Sciences; improve retention in core courses with evidence-based teaching strategies and course redesign; and develop a dual-degree engineering curriculum with partner schools Mississippi State University and Brown University, leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees. The project will be guided by an on-going evaluation.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: Systems and Synthetic Biology | Award Amount: 354.30K | Year: 2014

Environmental conditions regulate the expression of genes in bacteria. These complex regulatory processes afford microbes the ability to survive under various conditions. These cues can range from temperature to pH and nutritional availability. In members of the Bacillus cereus group, iron availability has been demonstrated to regulate genes associated with numerous pathways, including iron acquisition. Iron uptake in Bacillus cereus group microbes have emerged as areas of interest in the identification virulence factors. This group includes the human pathogen Bacillus cereus, the insect pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis, and the zoonotic pathogen Bacillus anthracis. Ferric iron and heme iron sources have been identified as critical for the growth and virulence of many of these microbes. An important iron uptake mechanism for the B. cereus group microbes is the siderophore petrobactin. A unique compound, this siderophore has only been isolated within the Bacillus cereus group microbes and the marine Marinobacter species. The level of this small, ferric chelator can be altered by both growth temperature and iron availability. While most siderophore are regulated by the ferric uptake regulator, there are no clearly defined regulatory mechanisms involved in petrobactin production, as it lacks the ferric regulator sequence within the petrobactin operon. The focus of the study will address the signaling mechanisms that govern iron uptake in response to iron and temperature. This research will involve undergraduates from Tougaloo College, a historically black college in Mississippi. The proposed project will work in concert with the Tougaloo College Natural Sciences Divisions plan to increase the African-American STEM pipeline by strengthening the undergraduate research experience and enhancing the curriculum.

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION. Iron availability in microbes has been demonstrated to regulate gene expression. In the Bacillus cereus group microbes, several iron acquisition systems have been detected, including siderophore mediated transport and heme uptake systems. Bacillus cereus group microbes produce two catechol containing siderophores, bacillibactin and petrobactin. While bacillibactin is regulated by iron availability via the ferric iron uptake regulation, no such regulatory mechanism is identified within the petrobactin operon. The proposed study will seek to elucidate the mechanisms governing petrobactin production in response to environmental signals, including iron and temperature. Aim one will focus on identifying petrobactin regulatory genes. Transposon mutagenesis will be employed to identify Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis mutants not capable of regulating petrobactin production. The temperature sensitive plasmid pIC333, which carries the mini-Tn10 transposon element, will be used to transform B. cereus and B. thuringiensis. Antibiotic resistant mutants will be cultured for 12 hours in transferrin containing medium and then cultured overnight in the presence of streptonigrin. Microbes capable of utilizing transferrin iron, which is predicted to be mediated by petrobactin, will be killed by the streptonigrin. Viable cells will be isolated on complex, antibiotic containing medium. The chrome azurol S assay, the Arnow assay and thin layer chromatography will be used to characterize siderophore and catechol production in isolated mutants. Genome sequencing and complementation will be used to identify and confirm sequence involvement in petrobactin production. Aim two will focus on characterizing B. cereus group member phenotypes under iron and temperature growth conditions. We have observed that petrobactin biosynthesis genes are differentially regulated when cells were cultured in different iron sources and under different temperatures. Environmental and ATCC B. cereus group microbes will be cultured in iron replete and deplete conditions for 24 hours. Aliquots will be removed at specific time points to measure petrobactin production during the various growth phases. At each of the time points, cell motility and spore concentration will also be measured. Transcriptional profiling will be used to identify unique signatures associated with iron and growth temperature in B. cereus and B. thuringiensis. This study will provide insight into the complex regulatory mechanisms of B. cereus group microbes in response to environmental cues.

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