Takazawa S.,Saitama Childrens Medical Center |
Takazawa S.,University of Tokyo |
Uchida H.,Nagoya University |
Kawashima H.,Saitama Childrens Medical Center |
And 7 more authors.
Pediatric Surgery International | Year: 2014
Two patients with acquired posterior urethral diverticulum that is a complication of laparoscopic assisted anorectoplasty underwent urethroscopic holmium: YAG laser ablation. After the ablation therapies, the size of the diverticulum markedly decreased in both patients. Holmium: YAG laser is safe and easy to handle in the small pediatric urethra. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.
Brett-Major D.M.,Naval Medical Research Center |
Brett-Major D.M.,Bethesda University |
Jacob S.T.,University of Washington |
Jacquerioz F.A.,Tulane University |
And 27 more authors.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2015
As the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa continues, clinical preparedness is needed in countries at risk for EVD (e.g., United States) and more fully equipped and supported clinical teams in those countries with epidemic spread of EVD in Africa. Clinical staff must approach the patient with a very deliberate focus on providing effective care while assuring personal safety. To do this, both individual health care providers and health systems must improve EVD care. Although formal guidance toward these goals exists from the World Health Organization, Medecin Sans Frontières, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other groups, some of the most critical lessons come from personal experience. In this narrative, clinicians deployed by the World Health Organization into a wide range of clinical settings in West Africa distill key, practical considerations for working safely and effectively with patients with EVD. Copyright © 2015 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Iimori S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Noda Y.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Okado T.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
Naito S.,Tokyo Medical and Dental University |
And 19 more authors.
BMC Nephrology | Year: 2013
Background: About 39,000 patients were newly prescribed renal replacement therapy in Japan in 2011, resulting in a total of more than 300,000 patients being treated with dialysis. This high prevalence of treated end stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients is an emergent problem that requires immediate attention. We launched a prospective cohort study to evaluate population specific characteristics of the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this report, we describe the baseline characteristics and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence among this cohort. Methods. New patients from 16 nephrology centers who were older than 20 years of age and who visited or were referred for the treatment of CKD stage 2-5, but were not on dialysis therapy, were recruited in this study. At enrollment, medical history, lifestyle behaviors, functional status and current medications were recorded, and blood and urine samples were collected. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by a modified three-variable equation. Results: We enrolled 1138 patients, 69.6% of whom were male, with a mean age of 68 years. Compared with Western cohorts, patients in this study had a lower body mass index (BMI) and higher proteinuria. The prevalence of CVD was 26.8%, which was lower than that in Western cohorts but higher than that in the general Japanese population. Multivariate analysis demonstrated the following association with CVD prevalence: hypertension (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3.57; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.82-7.02); diabetes (aOR 2.45; 95% CI 1.86-3.23); hemoglobin level less than 11 g/dl (aOR 1.61; 95% CI 1.21-2.15); receiving anti-hypertensive agents (aOR 3.54; 95% CI 2.27-5.53); and statin therapy (aOR 2.73; 95% CI 2.04-3.66). The combination of decreased eGFR and increased proteinuria was also associated with a higher prevalence of CVD. Conclusions: The participants in this cohort had a lower BMI, higher proteinuria and lower prevalence of CVD compared with Western cohorts. Lower eGFR and high proteinuria were associated with CVD prevalence. Prospective follow up of these study patients will contribute to establishment of individual population-based treatment of CKD. © 2013 Iimori et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Nakajima N.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases |
Sato Y.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases |
Katano H.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases |
Hasegawa H.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases |
And 16 more authors.
Modern Pathology | Year: 2012
Twenty autopsy cases with 2009 pandemic influenza A (2009 H1N1) virus infection, performed between August 2009 and February 2010, were histopathologically analyzed. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry for type A influenza nucleoprotein antigen, and real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay for viral RNA were performed on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens. In addition, the D222G amino acid substitution in influenza virus hemagglutinin, which binds to specific cell receptors, was analyzed in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded trachea and lung sections by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified products. There were several histopathological patterns in the lung according to the most remarkable findings in each case: acute diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) with a hyaline membrane (four cases), organized DAD (one case), acute massive intra-alveolar edema with variable degrees of hemorrhage (three cases), neutrophilic bronchopneumonia (five cases) and tracheobronchitis with limited histopathological changes in alveoli (four cases). In two cases, the main findings were due to preexisting disease. Influenza virus antigen was only detected in the respiratory tract in 10 cases by immunohistochemistry. The antigen was detected in type II pneumocytes (three cases) in the epithelial cells of the trachea, bronchi and glands (six cases), and in the epithelial cells in both of the above (one case). The four cases with acute DAD presented with antigen-positive type II pneumocytes. In one case, the D222G substitution was detected in the lung as a major sequence, although 222D was prominent in the trachea, suggesting that selection of the viral clones occurred in the respiratory tract. In five cases, the pathogenesis of 2009 H1N1 was confirmed to be viral infection in pneumocytes, which caused severe alveolar damage and fatal viral pneumonia. Further studies on both host and viral factors in autopsy or biopsy materials will be essential to elucidate the other pathogenic factors involved in influenza virus infection. © 2012 USCAP, Inc. All rights reserved.
Tanikawa S.,Toshima Hospital
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2012
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm is a rare but clinically aggressive tumor known to be derived from the precursors of plasmacytoid dendritic cells with frequent cutaneous involvement. Though the majority of patients initially respond to multi-agent chemotherapy, most cases without hemopoietic stem cell transplantation relapse within a year. We describe a case of a 71-year-old man with a dark-purple subcutaneous nodule (5×3 cm) under his right auricle. Histologic examination of the excisional biopsy specimen revealed a diffuse proliferation of blast cells with irregular nuclei, fine chromatin and one to several small nucleoli in the dermis extending to the subcutaneous soft tissues. The tumor cells expressed CD123, CD56, CD4, CD7, LCA, and TdT but not CD3, CD20, CD79a, CD10, CD68, CD163, myeloperoxidase (MPO), or naphthol-ASD-chloroacetate (ASD-Ch) esterase. A diagnosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm was made. He did not have any other lesions except for the solitary skin nodule. He had refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) and renal dysfunction. It was difficult for him to receive hemopoietic stem cell transplantation because of his advanced age and renal dysfunction. We had previously experienced successful treatment with ABVD chemotherapy for interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma after ineffective CHOP chemotherapy. The plasmacytoid dendritic cell is one of the precursor cells of the interdigitating dendritic cell. Therefore we tried to apply ABVD therapy to him. The first course of ABVD induced complete remission. Although the therapies were reduced and postponed because of various complications, he is now in complete remission that has lasted for 21 months. Although previously not reported, ABVD therapy is useful for patients with blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm who cannot receive hemopoietic stem cell transplantation.