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News Article | June 13, 2017

"The Omaha location was built and designed specifically to support a new relationship with a national retailer for the shipping of case-ready meat," says Mike Wasson, vice president of Supply Chain and Operations at Tosca. "By constantly evaluating and adding new service centers to our network when appropriate, we're creating more efficient supply chains and saving our customers both time and money." The Omaha service center will further expand the company's robust network and strengthen its position as the premier RPC provider in the country while creating employment opportunities for Omaha area residents. Tosca also boasts other service center locations in Salinas and San Bernardino, Calif.; Denver, Colo.; Newnan, Ga.; Chicago, Ill.; Sharonville, Ohio; Hazleton, Pa.; Memphis, Tenn.; Dallas; Garland, Texas; Salt Lake City, Utah; Lakewood, Wash.; and Green Bay, Wis. The company is headquartered in Atlanta with administrative offices in Green Bay. Tosca ( provides reusable packaging and supply chain solutions across a diverse range of markets including poultry, protein, eggs, produce, and cheese. A recognized innovator, Tosca collaborates with growers, suppliers and retailers to deliver the best flow of perishables through the entire supply chain. Our reusable plastic containers – the most comprehensive portfolio in the industry – improve product protection, lower costs and are more sustainable than single-use packaging. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--A new program launched by the Cloudify team at GigaSpaces this week reduces the financial and technical risks faced by VNF vendors looking to cash in on the rising tide of telecoms and large network operators making the move to cloud-native NFV architectures. Rather than taking on the fixed costs of re-architecting their VNFs for cloud-native deployments, VNF vendors can now tie the expense of this transition to the success and scaling of commercial, revenue-generating production deployments. As a result, up-front fees for re-architecting a VNF can fall by as much as an order of magnitude under the Cloudify Cloud-Native VNF Program offered by GigaSpaces. The Cloudify Cloud-Native VNF Program is the first to give VNF vendors a consumption-based model for moving their VNFs to cloud-native architectures, minimizing the upfront cost and associated risk of making the switch. In turn this gives VNF vendors greater leeway and time to build workable, long-term business models for their cloud-native VNFs, iterating rapidly until a sustainable model is found. VNF vendors are transforming to cloud-native VNFs to better leverage the economies and agility of the cloud, creating products that operators of large networks are increasingly demanding. VNF orchestration plays a key role in this transition, allowing automated provisioning, configuration and management. Cloudify—and the lightweight ARIA libraries leveraging the Cloudify engine—is an open-source orchestration environment already in use by many telecoms and large network operators for VNF management. Cloudify uses the Topology for Orchestration and Specification for Cloud Applications—or TOSCA—standard, widely embraced by telecoms. “Most VNFs are packaged today as a virtual appliance and were not designed for cloud-native architectures,” said Nati Shalom, founder and CTO of GigaSpaces. “They were not built for scale-out, and they’re not driven by APIs, nor do they support multi-tenancy. Most require manual intervention to set up. Cloud-native environments need all these, and that’s what the Cloud-Native VNF Program provides, in a model that virtually eliminates business risk by scaling fee to production revenue.” The business risk and cost associated with transitioning VNFs to a cloud-native architecture hold many VNF providers back from making the leap. Cloudify simplifies the process by providing a generic orchestration capability that removes much of the complexity associated with deployment, provisioning and remediation. The tiered pricing model of the Cloudify Cloud-Native VNF Program reduces risk by tying transition costs to the eventual scale-up of production operations with customers. There are three phases in the model: 1. Design Phase—A low-cost model allows users to quickly assess how the VNF can be redesigned for a cloud-native environment. 2. Development Phase—A per-seat SLA for developer support is offered at this phase, when service developers need help determining which fee-based services they can build atop a given VNF or set of VNFs. 3. Production Phase—Once design and development are complete, GigaSpaces offers back-to-back support, with the VNF providers delivering front-end support and GigaSpaces offering backend technical support. At this point, GigaSpaces can offer the pricing model that best fits the customer’s business model: revenue sharing, fixed price or tiered. By breaking the process into three phases, the model reduces risk for customers, allowing them to isolate design and development activities into separate contract tiers, before commercial applicability is assessed. GigaSpaces offers discounts for volume work and for up-front payment of design and development phases. In addition to the paid program, VNF providers can take advantage of basic resources offered by the Cloudify community, including cloud-native VNF transition training and the fully open source, self-supported version of the orchestration software. “Building a cloud-native VNF should be a no-brainer,” said Shalom. “We’re bringing a commercial mindset to the migration of networking topologies from fixed and proprietary to cloud-native and open source. This model eliminates all of the barriers that hold VNF providers back from moving to cloud-native architectures. Tying pricing to the amount of value that VNF providers extract at each stage of the transition controls the costs associated with the transition, delivering that ‘no-brainer’ model everyone is looking for.” Versa Networks and Athonet are two leading VNF providers working with GigaSpaces via the Cloud-Native VNF Program to deliver cloud-native functionality. They have integrated Cloudify with multiple VNFs in their portfolio to meet the diverse use cases that telecoms require, and are supporting GigaSpaces in the launch of the onboarding program. GigaSpaces Technologies provides software for cloud application orchestration and scaling of mission-critical applications on cloud environments. Hundreds of Tier-1 organizations worldwide are leveraging GigaSpaces technology to enhance IT efficiency and performance, from top financial firms, e-commerce companies, online gaming providers, healthcare organizations and telecom carriers. GigaSpaces has offices in the US, Europe and Asia. More at and

News Article | February 18, 2017

ArtsPRunlimited, Inc. announces When Irish Eyes (aren't) smiling (Prose) for 3/16 @ 7pm at Landmark Tavern, NYC. Daniel P Quinn will be doing talk and book signings for his work for cultural exchange with Lyons. This experience is documented in a full-length chapter in his book Exits+Entrances: Producing Off-Broadway, Opera + Beyond ( or ( As an ongoing part of our season for this Lyons-Paterson project, ArtsPR will also offer group(s) Spring tours on-demand as Paterson history tours. ArtsPR has also completed work on a 16 page booklet on the relationship of Paterson and Lyons. Books and tours will be available for donors of $100 or more. Contact: 862-208-0151. Donors of $25- or more would received a signed copy by Mr. Quinn. Other footprints of France in Newark, NJ, include a gift of 20,000 Francs to build St Johns Parish Church nearby NJPAC in the 1840's. Daniel P Quinn has worked at LaScala for Claudio Abbado, the Park Theatre where he produced and staged Hector Berlioz' L'Enfance du Christ; the Teatro Trianon in Rome, premiered Edward Bond's play "Derek" at Mitzi Newhouse Theatre (Lincoln Center) and Rutgers University in Newark, NJ. In prior seasons, Daniel P Quinn's ambitious large scaled projects included several Irish Music Festival's at Snug Harbor, The Great George Festival in Paterson, and the Black Jesus PASSION PLAY as co-director. Mr. Quinn's has received The Irish Institute Award; Short Play Festival and OBIE Awards in NYC. ArtsPRunlimited's commitment to this high standard remains as we continue to focus on the Arts and Intercultural history. Help support ArtsPR at and make a charitable contribution. ArtsPRunlimited, Inc., acknowledges with gratitude: Matching Gifts: PSEG Company; American Endowment Foundation (aef); The Prudential Foundation and donations from 40 individual donors and additional in-kind support. ArtsPR has new initiatives for 2017-19 including a showing of the Nikon Award winning film JE SUIS TUNISIEN 2045 by honoring the Nobel Prize for Tunisia in Newark and focusing on the mass emigration issue in our time. A Video program on the 90th anniversary of the death of SACCO & VANZETTI in 1927-2017. A new project Italy Yesterday, Today, and Domani with work by Antonio Masini via his Art in Basilicata, and Tom dePoto photo's on Venice. We also have other French projects that includes music by New Orleans composer Louis Moreau Gottschalk and a French Opera Recital. The recital would be dedicated to Maria Jeritza who retired after her Met Opera, Vienna opera, career in Newark, NJ. Jeritza premiered TURANDOT and was the favorite TOSCA by Giacomo Puccini, as well as the first JENUFA for Leos Janacek. You can help us achieve these cultural and historic relationships this season and next year. They are all ideally multi-year projects that includes the emigration struggles from the turn of the century to today via the Arts and history. Awards:The Irish Institute, Short Play Festival, an OBIE Award as co-producer, and Making History !. Daniel P Quinn as playwright is also attending rehearsals of QUEEN V (The Rise + Fall of Gloria Vanderbilt) from his "American Trilogy" at Theatre for the New City. Media exposure: The Montclair Times (4/3/08) + The Record (9/5/04). / Irish Echo (9/4/12) / P. 20 Echo Arts. Scholarship + Certification from Nonprofit Executive & Emerging Leader Institute at Rutgers University, Newark, NJ (2015). We need you to donate and help ArtsPRunlmited, Inc with and help us expand our outreach for 2017-19

Production-Proven VMware vCloud NFV™ Platform Accelerates Network Modernization and New Service Delivery, Sustainable Cost Reductions and 5G Readiness; VMware Ready™ for NFV Program Now Features more than 30 certified solutions BARCELONA, SPAIN--(Marketwired - March 01, 2017) - MOBILE WORLD CONGRESS - VMware, Inc. ( : VMW) today announced VMware vCloud® NFV™ 2.0, designed to modernize and transform network architectures and operations for global communications service providers (CSPs). Built from production-proven software-defined infrastructure and management solutions, the vCloud NFV platform can improve economics through accelerated service delivery, operational excellence and lower infrastructure costs. With vCloud NFV 2.0, CSPs will be able to deliver new and differentiated services on an agile, open and secure software-defined architecture today as they evolve their networks to support 5G and the Internet of Things. VMware vCloud NFV is an ETSI-compliant fully integrated, modular and multi-tenancy NFV platform. The vCloud NFV platform combines a highly available, carrier-grade network functions virtualization infrastructure (NFVI) with Day 2 operations management and service assurance capabilities to drive successful NFV deployments and operations. With vCloud NFV, VMware is delivering openness and choice across the NFV technology stack-NFV infrastructure (NFVI), Virtual Infrastructure Managers (VIM), Virtual Network Functions (VNF) and NFV Orchestration (NFVO) -- and continues to advance vCloud NFV interoperability across mobile, wireline, Internet of Things, Software-Defined WAN, and security use cases. As virtualization is a prerequisite to 5G network buildout, VMware vCloud NFV delivers a platform for new service development today, with an architecture that will support CSP implementation of 5G implementation in the future. "In today's highly competitive environment, CSPs must deliver innovative services faster, with the best end-to-end customer experience and at the lowest cost. Current network architectures, including some virtualized deployments, remain rigid and expensive to build and manage," said Gabriele Di Piazza, vice president of solutions, Telco NFV Group, VMware. "With more than 80 NFV deployments by more than 45 CSPs serving 300 million subscribers worldwide, VMware vCloud NFV enables the transformation of network architectures, services delivery, operations and economics through a more dynamic, agile network built on software." VMware vCloud NFV 2.0 Simplifies Deployment and Ongoing Operations VMware vCloud will take advantage of new innovations across VMware's entire virtualized compute, networking, storage and management portfolio. These will include the newest versions of VMware vSphere® with Operations Management™, VMware NSX® for vSphere, VMware VSAN, VMware vCloud Director® for Service Provider, VMware Integrated OpenStack, VMware vRealize® Network Insight™, VMware vRealize Log Insight™, VMware vRealize Operations™ Advanced, and VMware Site Recovery Manager™. VMware vCloud NFV 2.0 will advance three critical areas for CSPs: Service Automation, Secure Multi-Tenancy, and Operations Management while dramatically improving Carrier-Grade Availability. Driving Interoperability through VMware Ready for NFV Program The VMware Ready for NFV certification provides CSPs with the confidence that VMware partner VNF solutions will seamlessly and effectively deploy, run, and interoperate with VMware vCloud NFV. VMware has now certified 30 Virtual Network Functions from 23 vendors worldwide. VMware's broad ecosystem of certified VNF partners creates a true marketplace that helps customers remove barriers to successful NFV implementation. The complete list of VMware Ready™ for NFV certified solutions is available on the VMware Solution Exchange (VSX). VMware, Intel and Cloudify Sponsor VNF On-Boarding Hackathon at #MWC17 VMware, Intel and Cloudify are hosting an open VNF on-boarding hackathon at Mobile World Congress. The event will start with a 30 minute theater presentation on Wednesday March 1st at 2:30pm CET at the VMware booth (Hall 3, Stand K10). The goals of the hackathon are to raise industry awareness and initiate an industry review of a proposed TOSCA (Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications) based VNF Data Models agreement, provide easy to use tools to assist in the adoption of TOSCA as an NFV blueprinting standard and to begin a web based archive of downloadable TOSCA blueprints for the participant VNFs. The hackathon aims to accelerate cloud-based telecom service deployments by addressing one of the key challenges of NFV; the ease of onboarding Virtual Network Functions (VNFs). Read more about the hack-a-thon in this blog. Analyst, Customer and Partner Commentary "We believe that the journey towards virtualization which combines NFV, SDN, and cloud native applications will be more disruptive than the move from circuit switched to packet networking. CSPs will rely on suppliers that have proven deployments to manage risk and achieve the benefits that virtualization promise. VMware is a pioneer in virtualization software and services. It is bringing telco grade solutions to market and complementing such solutions with full lifecycle management with VMware vCloud NFV 2.0. Deployment risk are reduced with VMware's certification program which brings together a diverse set of VNF ecosystem partners." - Patrick Kelly, Founder and Principal Analyst at Appledore Research Group. "Virtualization and SDN are critical enabling technologies that operators need to be successful in the future. One example is the journey towards 5G that requires the richness, flexibility and agility that only software-based network solutions offer. Working with VMware, we have developed a top-of-the-rank virtualisation platform that initially supports live services to real customers. Longer term we are building out an agile and secure infrastructure across multiple countries that enables us to allocate resources dynamically and introduce new services rapidly. VMware vCloud NFV provides us with a mature and proven NFV platform option and new releases like 2.0, demonstrate a commitment to continued NFV innovation." - Mauro Costa, Director, Network Architecture & Strategy, Telia Company "Our goal is to help service providers digitally transform their operations and delivery models with modern infrastructure using common, scalable and flexible building blocks. The combination of Dell EMC with VMware vCloud NFV 2.0 software demonstrates exactly the type of 'better together' solutions we're developing for services providers, helping increase agility and speed while improving their economics." - Tom Burns, senior vice president, networking, service provider & enterprise infrastructure, Dell EMC "We are seeing a broad focus by CSP's to deploy a virtualized infrastructure to support current network build-outs and prepare for 5G network deployments. Our continued alliance with VMware is designed to accelerate this effort by providing solutions that leverage our expertise and have been proven in real-world commercial deployments. With the introduction of vCloud NFV 2.0, VMware is continuing to demonstrate its support for mobile operators by delivering an open platform they need to efficiently deploy 5G-ready networks." - Amit Tiwari, vice president, strategic alliances and systems engineering, Affirmed Networks Availability The VMware vCloud NFV 2.0 bundle will be generally available in Q1 FY2018 (February 4, 2017 - May 5, 2017), and will include the following software: VMware vSphere with Operations Management 6.5, VMware Integrated OpenStack 3.1, VMware vCloud Director for Service Provider 8.20, VMware vRealize Log Insight 4.0, VMware vRealize Operations Advanced and VMware vSAN Standard 6.5. VMware NSX for vSphere 6.3, VMware vCenter 6.5, vRealize Network Insight 3.3 and VMware Site Recovery Manager 6.5 are sold separately. About VMware| VMware, a global leader in cloud infrastructure and business mobility, helps customers accelerate their digital transformation. VMware enables enterprises to master a software-defined approach to business and IT with VMware Cross-Cloud Architecture™ and solutions for the data center, mobility, and security. With 2016 revenue of $7.09 billion, VMware is headquartered in Palo Alto, CA and has over 500,000 customers and 75,000 partners worldwide. VMware, vCloud, vCloud NFV, vSphere, vSphere with Operations Management, NSX, vSAN, vCloud Director, vRealize, vRealize, Network Insight, Log Insight, vRealize Operations, Site Recovery Manager, and Cross-Cloud Architecture are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and other jurisdictions.

Marti J.,CSIC - Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera | Planaguma L.,Tosca | Geyer A.,International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering | Canal E.,Tosca | Pedrazzi D.,CSIC - Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research | Year: 2011

The Catalan Volcanic Zone (CVZ), at the NE of the Iberian peninsula, is one of the Quaternary alkaline volcanic provinces of the European rifts system. The CVZ has been active during the last 12Ma. Despite the fact that this volcanism is significant in extension and volume, and that eruptions have also occurred in Holocene times, it is mostly unknown compared to the contemporaneous alkaline volcanism in other parts of Western and Central Europe. Volcanism younger than 0.5Ma is mostly concentrated in an area of about 100km 2 located between the main cities of Olot and Girona. This basaltic volcanic field comprises more than 50 monogenetic cones including scoria cones, lava flows, tuff rings, and maars. Magmatic eruptions range from Hawaiian to violent Strombolian. Phreatomagmatism is also common and has contributed to the construction of more than a half of these volcanic edifices, frequently associated with the Strombolian activity but also independently, giving rise to a large variety of eruptive sequences. We describe the main characteristics of this volcanism and analyse in particular the successions of deposits that form some of these volcanoes and discuss the potential causes of such a wide diversity of eruptive sequences. We find that the main cause of such complex eruptive behaviour resides in the stratigraphic, structural and hydrogeological characteristics of the substrate above which the volcanoes were emplaced, rather than on the compositional characteristics of the erupting magma, as they do not show significant variations among the different volcanoes studied. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

News Article | March 30, 2016

For the first time, scientists have overcome the challenge of breaking down raw biomass without the need for chemical pre-treatment, and have produced record high amounts of clean liquid hydrocarbon fuel as a result. This brings us one step closer to lessening our dependence on fossil fuels, and is an important development in our shift towards renewable energy. The ability to produce sustainable fuel from renewable biomass is becoming increasingly important as we move away from our dependency on fossil fuels. The production and utilisation of biomass, or plant material, offers an energy alternative that is almost carbon neutral, as the carbon dioxide is recycled in plant photosynthesis. In plants, the woody material that is used to produce fuel consists of three different components: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. Lignin is a challenge to the production of biofuels, as it is difficult to break down and convert into useful fuel, often requiring high levels of energy or the use of corrosive chemicals. Therefore, up to a third of plant material can go to waste or be burned as low-value fuel. A team of scientists from The University of Manchester and East China University of Science and Technology stewed a catalyst - made up of the metal complex niobium phosphate, with small particles of platinum dotted across the surface - with raw wood sawdust for 20 hours at 190 degrees Celsius, and a pressure of 50 atmospheres. The results, published in Nature Communications, show that the catalyst was able to directly break down and convert the lignin, which potentially offers the future development of catalysts for converting biomass into fuel. Dr Yang used the Science & Technology Facilities Council's ISIS Neutron and Muon source - often described as a 'super-microscope' - to study the biomass and catalyst at the molecular level. Using an instrument called TOSCA, Dr Yang and ISIS scientist Dr Stewart Parker used neutrons to see how a model of lignocellulose interacted with the surface of the catalyst to produce useful fuel. "The conversion of biomass into fuels typically requires separations and pre-treatments to the raw biomass, thus suffering high energy penalties. This catalyst showed exceptionally high activity in splitting the carbon-oxygen bonds, the most challenging step in the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. This new catalytic process can therefore directly convert raw biomass to liquid fuels without separations or chemical pre-treatments, leading to significant potential energy savings," says Dr Sihai Yang, lead author of the study.

ESPOO, Finland, Dec. 05, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Nokia has published the industry's first complete templating system for VNF lifecycle management, designed to streamline and automate VNF onboarding, integration and lifecycle management processes. Today's methods for managing VNF lifecycles - instantiating, monitoring, repairing, scaling, updating and backing-up - are costly, cumbersome and time-consuming. To address this, Nokia has developed an open templating system, aligned with the latest industry standards and open-source tools, to streamline these processes.  The template specifications allow service providers and VNF suppliers to take advantage of the automated lifecycle management capabilities of the Nokia CloudBand Application Manager, enabling them to integrate more VNFs faster while reducing the cost and time required to manage VNFs in the cloud. Nokia's open templating system builds upon the ETSI NFV specifications (IFA011 and IFA014), Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications (TOSCA) specifications and OpenStack tools. It provides key functionality to service providers, including VNF definitions for better integration and added support of complex structures, and eliminates the need for customization when providing VNF information to a generic VNF Manager and NFV Orchestrator. By supporting both Nokia and third-party VNFs, the system gives service providers a much wider selection of virtualized network services they can offer subscribers. Nokia is currently collaborating with fellow members of ETSI and TOSCA to complete development of VNF templating standards to benefit the entire industry. Ron Haberman, head of Nokia's CloudBand product unit, said: "One of the goals of NFV has been to foster an open ecosystem of VNF suppliers to give service providers maximum choice in the capabilities they integrate, and to offer subscribers the best available services. By creating an open system that improves the management of VNFs, we aim to make it easier for service providers to quickly add new value-added services to differentiate their offerings, generate new revenue opportunities, and deliver better user experiences." John Maddison, SVP of Products and Solutions at Fortinet, said: "Vendors are coming together to facilitate the integration, deployment and management of NFV, which is having a profound impact on service providers. Virtual security functions are critical to these efforts and must be fully integrated and managed within these environments. Nokia's open templating system facilitates this for Fortinet's VNFs. With these tools, CloudBand and Fortinet can reduce complexity and streamline integration with multi-vendor solutions to ensure the success and security of NFV." Mallik Tatipamula, VP of Service Provider Solutions at F5 Networks, said: "Achieving NFV's true promise requires automated VNF lifecycle management in multi-vendor networks. This can be accomplished by using a consistent and predictable package that captures VNF operational aspects while reducing the learning curve. As a VNF supplier, F5 Networks needs flexibility and agility to deploy its virtualized network functions/services into multi-vendor networks. By documenting their open templating system based on de facto standards and standard tool sets, Nokia has made it practical to do so." Caroline Chappell, principal analyst at Analysys Mason, said: "VNF onboarding is one of the major challenges the industry must solve to ensure the long-term success of NFV. This will require a standards-based approach that automates the onboarding process and minimizes its complexity. Publicly available guidelines that build upon ETSI NFV ISG and OASIS TOSCA work are an important resource for the market. They provide an exemplar for VNF onboarding that can help harmonize the fragmented vendor approaches we've seen so far." The new VNF lifecycle management templating system for Nokia CloudBand Application Manager is now available, and the VNF lifecycle management Template Developer Guide can be downloaded here. For more information about Nokia CloudBand visit the Nokia CloudBand website. About Nokia Nokia is a global leader in creating the technologies at the heart of our connected world. Powered by the research and innovation of Nokia Bell Labs, we serve communications service providers, governments, large enterprises and consumers, with the industry's most complete, end-to-end portfolio of products, services and licensing. From the enabling infrastructure for 5G and the Internet of Things, to emerging applications in virtual reality and digital health, we are shaping the future of technology to transform the human experience.

« Tesla unveils Model 3; delivery by end of 2017; already 115,000 reservations placed | Main | KLM launches new series of biofuel flights from Oslo to Amsterdam » A team from The University of Manchester and East China University has developed a process for the direct hydrodeoxygenation of raw woods into liquid alkanes with mass yields up to 28.1 wt% over a multifunctional Pt/NbOPO catalyst in cyclohexane. The superior performance of the catalyst allows simultaneous conversion of cellulose, hemicellulose and, more significantly, lignin fractions in wood sawdust into hexane, pentane and alkylcyclohexanes, respectively. An open-access paper on their work is published in the journal Nature Communications. Owing to the complexity of lignocellulosic biomass and its notorious resistance to chemical transformation, energy-efficient and cost-effective production of liquid fuels from lignocellulose remains a mammoth challenge. So far, two strategies have been reported to address this challenge: (i) separation of lignocellulose into isolated sugars and lignin followed by biological or chemical (hydrolysis) processing; (ii) thermochemical treatment of lignocellulose to produce upgradeable intermediates, such as bio-oils by pyrolysis or syngas by gasification, coupled with subsequent catalytic upgrading. Thermochemical processes offer the total conversion of lignocellulose, but are often non-selective and intractable, and the resultant bio-oils or syngas need to be upgraded for further utilization. Although hydrolysis-based approaches offer selective production of liquid fuels, they are generally multistep and thus very energy-intensive. Moreover, the lignin by-products generated from the hydrolysis of lignocellulose are usually burned as a low-value fuel. Powerful drivers therefore exist to develop alternative efficient and selective strategies to directly convert raw lignocellulose into liquid fuels. … Here we report that, by using a multifunctional Pt/NbOPO catalyst, raw woody biomass can be directly converted into liquid alkanes in high yields in a single-phase medium (cyclohexane) with cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin fractions in solid woods being converted into hexane, pentane and alkylcyclohexanes, respectively, representing direct conversion of raw lignocellulose into liquid alkanes under mild conditions over a single catalyst. Importantly, no chemical pretreatment (for example, hydrolysis and separation) to the raw wood is required for this process, and thus, tremendous energy savings can be potentially gained in comparison with the existing thermochemical- and hydrolysis-based approaches. The researchers tested seven different types of wood sawdusts, including both softwoods and hardwoods, for direct hydrodeoxygenation over the catalyst. The reactions were conducted at 190 °C and 5 MPa H for 20 h. More than 20 wt% total mass yield of liquid alkanes was achieved for all woods, among which birch wood gave the highest mass yield of 28.1 wt%. As a point of comparison, the theoretical mass yield of alkanes from raw woody biomass is limited to ~50 wt%, because the removed oxygen accounts for almost half of the mass loss. The 28.1 wt% yield, the researchers said, was excellent. In addition to C –C alkane products, the team found “surprisingly appreciable” amounts of alkylcyclohexanes, indicating that not only the cellulose and hemicellulose but also the lignin fraction in sawdusts were converted into alkanes. The type of wood had a significant influence on both mass and carbon yields of the alkane products. In general, the team found higher yields of hexanes and pentanes from softwoods; the carbon yields of hexanes and pentanes on the basis of cellulose and hemicellulose fractions reached 72.8 and 69.3% on average, respectively—comparable to the results when using pure cellulose as a feedstock The yield of alkylcyclohexanes produced from hardwoods was much higher than that from softwoods, with an average carbon yield of 34.0% from hardwood. Although seemingly low, that yield is actually very high, the team explained, because there is a large proportion of C–C linkages in lignin structure (30–34% for hardwoods and 43–51% for softwoods on average) which are hardly cleaved under such mild reaction conditions. This limits the maximum theoretical carbon yield of monomer alkylcyclohexanes at 44–49% from hardwoods and 24–32% from softwoods. Dr. Sihai Yang, lead author of the study, used the Science & Technology Facilities Council’s ISIS Neutron and Muon source to study the biomass and catalyst at the molecular level. Using an instrument called TOSCA, Dr. Yang and ISIS scientist Dr. Stewart Parker used neutrons to see how a model of lignocellulose interacted with the surface of the catalyst to produce useful fuel. They determined that he superior efficiency of this catalyst for direct hydrodeoxygenation of lignocellulose originates from the synergistic effect between Pt, NbO species and acidic sites.

BARCELONA, Spain--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Three companies are working together to help telecoms and carriers decrease the time required to create and deploy new networking services. These services based on virtualized network functions (VNFs) allow network operators to give customers the services they need faster and at a lower cost, increasing competitiveness and the opportunity to generate new revenues in a cloud-first world. Cloudify is a business unit of GigaSpaces, providing open source orchestration software for cloud applications and VNFs used by carriers and enterprises. A hackathon is being held at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona on March 1. The three companies —Cloudify, VMware and Intel—are presenting a tutorial on the use of a new VNF Onboarding Wizard developed by Cloudify. The wizard provides an easy to use, web-based interface for onboarding a VNF. The VNF Onboarding Wizard generates a template adhering to the TOSCA specification (Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications), abstracting away from the VNF provider the need to understand the inner workings of the emerging open standard used by telecoms for VNFs. The VNF Onboarding Wizard provides a simple mechanism for VNF providers to generate a TOSCA compatible template. There is no industry standard for deploying a VNF onto a particular Virtual Infrastructure Manager (VIM). This has been the case for clouds using VMware vCloud Director® or OpenStack as a VIM. As a result, the onboarding process has been labor-intensive, requiring an in-depth knowledge of both the chosen Management and Operations (MANO) software and the VIM architecture. This lack of standards and developer abstraction has made the cost, time to market, agility and accuracy of new VNF deployments unattractive from a business standpoint. Recently, TOSCA blueprints have emerged as the forerunner in the emerging standards for VNF definition, supported by the MANO layer provided by the open source Cloudify project, which is TOSCA compliant. Cloudify significantly reduces time and risk to onboard new VNFs, and hence bring new services to market. Cloudify is working with the ONAP Project (formerly the Open-O project) to implement Common TOSCA and a VNF SDK to develop a new proposal for a standard VNF definition in TOSCA that addresses the specific VNF attributes and develops a new definition for network telemetry. This framework uses project ARIA for driving the TOSCA parser and validation. New Open Services Portal for VNF On-Boarding Demonstrated at MWC Also at Mobile World Congress, Cloudify is demonstrating a new open services portal together with VMware that showcases how carriers can launch and maintain the lifecycle of new VNFs easily through a customizable portal framework. The services portal provides a means to deliver VNFs after they have been onboarded through a multi-tenant catalogue service. The new framework also demonstrates how operators can easily create customized views for different user profiles, and tie in monitoring and telemetry in a single pane of glass user interface. “Cloudify continues our strong commitment to unlock the NFV, and specifically, VNF onboarding challenge through open source and open standards. The collaboration with VMware and Intel, alongside our work with the Open-O community, creates a platform for collaboration among organizations with aligned interests,” said Nati Shalom, founder and CTO of Cloudify. “This collaboration with Intel and VMware would not be possible without open source and an open standard to back it up.” “Open standards at the network infrastructure layer can drive innovation and new value further up the stack,” said Gabriele Di Piazza, vice president products and solutions, Telco NFV at VMware. “VMware is committed to open standards, and TOSCA is an ideal choice for VNF deployment and management because it’s already widely accepted in the telecom industry. Collaborating with Cloudify in using TOSCA to drive an open NFV standard is an ideal way to increase VNF adoption.” Cloudify is an orchestration-first cloud management platform that is open source and based on the TOSCA standard. Service providers and enterprises worldwide—including top financial firms, e-commerce companies, online gaming providers, healthcare organizations and telecom carriers—use Cloudify to enhance IT efficiency and performance at web scale. Cloudify, a business unit of GigaSpaces, has offices in the US, Europe and Asia. More at and VMware, vCloud and vCloud Director are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions.

MINNEAPOLIS, MN, November 03, 2016-- Conveniently located in south Minneapolis, Minnesota, Stewart Designs, which is owned and operated by Artist Margaret Stewart, designs and sells one-of-a-kind hand engravings for one-of-a-kind people to enjoy. Specializing in custom designing glass objects by engraving designs right into them, ever so gently, Stewart's studio is well-equipped to design any number of glass objects, large or small, serving customers now for more than 30 years."I am a self-taught, freehand artist," Stewart said, "which first started as merely a hobby. But over the years I mastered my craft into a well-established business that I love. Working with customers to make their memories last a lifetime through a piece of my artwork is extremely gratifying."Creating a variety of objects for customers, to include everything from portraits of people's pets, wildlife, and landscapes, Stewart brings to life everything she puts her hands to by simply referring to a photo. Using her patience, as well as a keen eye and steady hand, her custom work is truly something to cherish."I especially love recreating wildlife, like birds, horses, deer, and other animals you'll see out there in the wilderness or on the farm," Stewart noted. "Growing up on the ranch, in the high country of Colorado, my inspiration has always been my four-legged friends and the outdoors."Creating custom designed heirlooms that include those very special moments, such as wedding dates and monumental birthdays, or anniversaries, which can be engraved on champagne flutes or other objects, Stewart has also developed an Eagle Series, which she is very proud of, and was initially inspired by the tragic events of September 11, 2001, as well as a Split Rock Lighthouse, Art on Wheels, and Gone Fishing Series.Stewart's work has been on display throughout the state of Minnesota in various restaurants, as well as in art shows, including Wild Life & Garden Art Show, The St. Paul Sportsman Show, and Arabian Horse Show. She's also been featured in The Twin Cities TOSCA magazine for her masterpieces. She's even had the pleasure of gifting her artwork to First Lady Barbara Bush, as well as several other political leaders internationally. Active in her community with various organizations, she is a VIP member of National Association of Professional Women and The Wise Resource Volunteers of Minnesota public schools.For more information, visit About Women of Distinction Magazine:Women of Distinction Magazine strives to continually bring the very best out in each article published and highlight Women of Distinction. Women of Distinction Magazine's mission is to have a platform where women can grow, inspire, empower, educate and encourage professionals from any industry by sharing stories of courage and success.Contact:Women of Distinction Magazine, Melville, NY631-465-9024

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