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Perez F.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Garcia M.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Castillo A.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Abogado M.T.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Duarte J.F.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2013

In Venezuela, the coastal public domain constitutes a priority area to develop management strategies. To achieve this goal an Inventory and Characterization of Sandy Beaches has been initiated among other actions. This project comes from the need to generate a systematic database, in order to provide inputs for sustainable management and coastal resource recovery. This will set bases for the design of Strategies for Sustainable Management of Sandy Beaches in the country. The methodology was designed by a multidisciplinary team and validated by the Working Committees of Coastal Zones, which includes the participation of all institutes with interests in this space, universities and communities. A concept of sandy beaches had been defined, considering national and international references, adapted to the geography of the country. The methodology includes three tools: 1) Form, 2) Technical Manual and 3) Field Guide. The Form serves as a checklist easy to handle by planners, managers, students and communities. The Technical Manual provides detailed knowledge of each component analyzed in the form. The Field Guide shows a series of pictures and graphs illustrating the variables, in order to facilitate identification and evaluation of each component. A process of regional training began in 2011, conducted by theoretical and practical workshops. By April 2012, 368 persons have been trained and 365 sandy beaches have been characterized nationwide. All these activities have been developed under the premise of the National Plan of Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Venezuela, "a space with its own identity". © Coastal Education & Research Foundation 2013. Source


Castillo A.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Garcia M.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Padron A.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Abogado M.T.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2011

Since 2001, Venezuela has developed legal tools oriented towards the conservation and regulation of uses in its coastal zone. The Law of Coastal Zones (2001), establishes the parts that constitute the coastal zone and the dimensions of its extension towards land and sea. The length of the coastal line extends for 6,068 kms, distributed over 14 states of Venezuela's 23 states. This space constitutes 10,1% of the national territory and concentrates 18,20% of the national population. The law provides the basis for the development of the National Plan for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (NPICZM). In order to develop this Plan, from 2006 there were Work Committee's created on different governmental scales integrated by stakeholders, planners and communities in different organisational forms. The development of the NPICZM was based in a national strategy designed from the state and local vision with the inclusion of aboriginal affairs. The aim here is to establish spatial and temporal references to guarantee the conservation and sustainable use of the coastal zone. 88 Coastal Units, 15 Uses and 10 Management Programs were defined. 9 National Policies directed towards conservation and sustainable development within the coastal zones were developed. From these policies, 3 directives and 7 guidelines to regulate the intensity of the uses in each coastal unit were created. With this entire basis, Venezuelan coastal zone is nowadays a "space with its own identity". ICZM process has established itself in less than ten years, placing Venezuela in front compared to other countries in the South American region. Source


Garcia M.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Abogado M.T.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Perez F.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | Castillo A.,Torre sur del Centro Simon Bolivar | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2013

Coastal public domain constitutes the area of interaction between land and sea. For its nature, is very dynamic due to the advance and retreat of the coastline. In Venezuela, coastal public domain is legally considered in the Law of Coastal Zones as an area to be delimited for conservation and public use purposes. The boundary of coastal zone has not defined, resulting in the inappropriate use of ecosystems and natural resources through incompatible developments with planning proposals. This article aims to establish criteria to define the boundaries of coastal public domain and to apply directives and guidelines in this space. These are derived from the National Policies for Conservation and Sustainable Development of Coastal Zones in Venezuela, established in 2010. The areas of study, Patanemo and Playa Coral - Bahía de Los Niños, have different natural characteristics and degrees of intervention. In both areas, a diagnosis was done and the coastal public domain boundaries were defined based on five (5) criteria. Used criteria are fully integrated into the physical, biotic aspects and risk management, allowing efficient planning. For Patanemo, three (3) directives and five (5) guidelines were applied. For Playa Coral - Bahía de Los Niños, two (2) directives and four (4) guidelines were applied. The directives and guidelines are adjusted to the natural characteristics of each area. A nationwide strategy to define and manage coastal public domain is to be established. © Coastal Education & Research Foundation 2013. Source

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