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Molina de Aragón, Spain

Garcia-Ortiz L.,The Alamedilla Health Center | Recio-Rodriguez J.I.,The Alamedilla Health Center | Schmidt-Trucksass A.,University of Basel | Puigdomenech-Puig E.,Idiap Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
Atherosclerosis | Year: 2014

Background: Aging has been associated with an increase in arterial stiffness. We analyzed the relationship between regular physical activity and cardiovascular aging evaluated by the radial augmentation index (rAIx), ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), pulse pressure (PP) and heart age in subjects without atherosclerotic disease. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed including 1365 subjects from the EVIDENT trial (mean age 54.9±13.7 years; 60.3% women). As a measure of total volume of physical activity we used counts/minute recorded in an accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X) that participants wore for seven days, collecting data in 60-sec epochs, and respondents with ≥4 valid days were retained for the analysis. Arterial stiffness was evaluated using measures of rAIx, AASI, and central and peripheral PP on the B-pro device. rAIx was adjusted to 75 heart rate(rAIx75). Cardiovascular risk and heart age was estimated by the Framingham Risk Score. Results: The median (IQR) of counts/min was 236.9 (176.3-307.8), rAIx75 90 (77-100), sleep PP 40mmHg (33-47), central PP 39mmHg (32-47) and heart age 57 years (45-73) and the mean±SD of the ASSI was 0.44±0.07. We found an inverse correlation between counts/minute and rAIx75 (r=-0.086; p<0.01), AASI ( r=-0.146; p<0.001), heart age (r=-0.163; p<0.001) and peripherals PP. These associations were remained after controlling for potential confounders, except for rAIx75. In the multiple regression analysis, after adjustment, an inverse association persisted between counts/minute and AASI, sleep PP and heart age, but not with rAIx75. Accordingly, for every 100 higher counts/minute of accelerometer measures, both AASI and sleep PP would be lower by one measurement unit (beta=-0.979 and-1.031 respectively, p<0.001) and the estimated heart age by half year (beta=-0.525, p=0.023). Conclusions: Regular physical activity was inversely associated with parameters related to advanced cardiovascular aging after adjustment for potentially influencing variables.Trial registration: Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT01083082. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Garcia-Ortiz L.,La Alamedilla Health Center | Recio-Rodriguez J.I.,La Alamedilla Health Center | Martin-Cantera C.,Passeig Of Sant Joan Health Center | Cabrejas-Snchez A.,Cuenca Health Center | And 5 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2010

Background. Healthy lifestyles may help to delay arterial aging. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of physical activity and dietary pattern to the circadian pattern of blood pressure, central and peripheral blood pressure, pulse wave velocity, carotid intima-media thickness and biological markers of endothelial dysfunction in active and sedentary individuals without arteriosclerotic disease. Methods/Design. Design: A cross-sectional multicenter study with six research groups. Subjects: From subjects of the PEPAF project cohort, in which 1,163 who were sedentary became active, 1,942 were sedentary and 2,346 were active. By stratified random sampling, 1,500 subjects will be included, 250 in each group. Primary measurements: We will evaluate height, weight, abdominal circumference, clinical and ambulatory blood pressure with the Radial Pulse Wave Acquisition Device (BPro), central blood pressure and augmentation index with Pulse Wave Application Software (A-Pulse) and SphymgoCor System Px (Pulse Wave Analysis), pulse wave velocity (PWV) with SphymgoCor System Px (Pulse Wave Velocity), nutritional pattern with a food intake frequency questionnaire, physical activity with the 7-day PAR questionnaire and accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X), physical fitness with the cycle ergometer (PWC-170), carotid intima-media thickness by ultrasound (Micromax), and endothelial dysfunction biological markers (endoglin and osteoprotegerin). Discussion. Determining that sustained physical activity and the change from sedentary to active as well as a healthy diet improve circadian pattern, arterial elasticity and carotid intima-media thickness may help to propose lifestyle intervention programs. These interventions could improve the cardiovascular risk profile in some parameters not routinely assessed with traditional risk scales. From the results of this study, interventional approaches could be obtained to delay vascular aging that combine physical exercise and diet. Trial Registration. Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT01083082. © 2010 García-Ortiz et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Recio-Rodriguez J.I.,Alamedilla Health Center | Martin-Cantera C.,Idiap Research Institute | Gonzalez-Viejo N.,Torre Ramona Health Center | Gomez-Arranz A.,Casa Of Barco Health Center | And 7 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2014

Background: New technologies could facilitate changes in lifestyle and improve public health. However, no large randomized, controlled studies providing scientific evidence of the benefits of their use have been made. The aims of this study are to develop and validate a smartphone application, and to evaluate the effect of adding this tool to a standardized intervention designed to improve adherence to the Mediterranean diet and to physical activity. An evaluation is also made of the effect of modifying habits upon vascular structure and function, and therefore on arterial aging. Methods/Design. A randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel group clinical trial will be carried out. A total of 1215 subjects under 70 years of age from the EVIDENT trial will be included. Counseling common to both groups (control and intervention) will be provided on adaptation to the Mediterranean diet and on physical activity. The intervention group moreover will receive training on the use of a smartphone application designed to promote a healthy diet and increased physical activity, and will use the application for three months. The main study endpoints will be the changes in physical activity, assessed by accelerometer and the 7-day Physical Activity Recall (PAR) interview, and adaptation to the Mediterranean diet, as evaluated by an adherence questionnaire and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Evaluation also will be made of vascular structure and function based on central arterial pressure, the radial augmentation index, pulse velocity, the cardio-ankle vascular index, and carotid intima-media thickness. Discussion. Confirmation that the new technologies are useful for promoting healthier lifestyles and that their effects are beneficial in terms of arterial aging will have important clinical implications, and may contribute to generalize their application in favor of improved population health. Trial registration. Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT02016014. © 2014 Recio-Rodríguez et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Patino-Alonso M.C.,University of Salamanca | Patino-Alonso M.C.,Alamedilla Health Center | Recio-Rodriguez J.I.,Alamedilla Health Center | Belio J.F.M.,Torre Ramona Health Center | And 8 more authors.
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics | Year: 2014

Our aim was to analyze the variables associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the adult population. We conducted a cross-sectional study in an established cohort of 1,553 healthy study participants (mean age=55±14 years; 60.3% women). Mediterranean diet adherence was evaluated based on a 14-item questionnaire and the Mediterranean diet adherence screener, which defines adequate adherence as a score of ≥9. Physical activity was evaluated using the 7-day physical activity record. Sociodemographic, biological, and anthropometric variables were also evaluated. The differences between Mediterranean diet compliers and noncompliers are defined by the consumption of fruit, red meats, carbonated beverages, wine, fish/shellfish, legumes, pasta, and rice (P<0.01). Adherence was lower among individuals younger than 49 years of age. In the first age tertile, adherence was greater in women and in nonobese individuals, and the triglyceride levels were lower among compliers. In the second age tertile, the compliers exercised more and had a lower body fat percentage. In the third age tertile, the compliers also possessed less body fat. The logistic regression analysis revealed the following factors associated with improved Mediterranean diet adherence: more physical exercise (odds ratio=1.588), older age (odds ratio=2.162), and moderate alcohol consumption (odds ratio=1.342). The factors associated with improved Mediterranean diet adherence included female sex, age older than 62 years, moderate alcohol consumption, and more than 17 metabolic equivalents (METs)/h/wk of physical exercise. Poorer adherence was associated with males and obesity. © 2014 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Patino-Alonso M.C.,Alamedilla Health Center | Patino-Alonso M.C.,University of Salamanca | Recio-Rodriguez J.I.,Alamedilla Health Center | Magdalena-Belio J.F.,Torre Ramona Health Center | And 9 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2015

Little is known about the clustering patterns of lifestyle behaviours in adult populations. We explored clusters in multiple lifestyle behaviours including physical activity (PA), smoking, alcohol use and eating habits in a sample of adult population. A cross-sectional and multi-centre study was performed with six participating groups distributed throughout Spain. Participants (n 1327) were part of the Lifestyles and Endothelial Dysfunction (EVIDENT) study and were aged between 20 and 80 years. The lifestyle and cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors were analysed using a clustering method based on the HJ-biplot coordinates to understand the variables underlying these groupings. The following three clusters were identified. Cluster 1: unhealthy, 677 subjects (51 %), with a slight majority of men (58·7 %), who were more sedentary and smokers with higher consumption of whole-fat dairy products, bigger waist circumference as well as higher TAG levels, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and CVR. Cluster 2: healthy/PA, 265 subjects (20 %), including 24·0 % of males with high PA. Cluster 3: healthy/diet, including 29 % of the participants, with a higher consumption of olive oil, fish, fruits, nuts, vegetables and lower alcohol consumption. Using the unhealthy cluster as a reference, and after adjusting for age and sex, the multiple regression analysis showed that belonging to the healthy/PA cluster was associated with a lower waist circumference, body fat percentage, SBP and CVR. In summary, the three clusters were identified according to lifestyles. The 'unhealthy' cluster had the least favourable clinical parameters, the 'healthy/PA' cluster had good HDL-cholesterol levels and low SBP and the 'healthy/diet' cluster had lower LDL-cholesterol levels and clinical blood pressure. © The Authors 2015.

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