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Kawasaki, Japan

Nakamura K.,CEA Saclay Nuclear Research Center | Nakamura K.,Yokohama Stroke Center | Oga T.,Toranomon Hospital Kajigaya | Takahashi M.,Yokohama Stroke Center | And 5 more authors.
Cortex | Year: 2012

Hemispheric rivalry models of spatial neglect suggest that the left hemisphere becomes hyperactive following right-hemisphere lesions since the two hemispheres normally exert an inhibitory influence on each other via callosal connections. Using a masked hemifield priming paradigm, we investigated whether the putative change in hemispheric balance involves other, higher-order abstract representational systems in spatial neglect. Participants consisted of 12 neglect patients with right-hemisphere damage and three groups of control participants, i.e., 12 young healthy controls, 10 age-matched healthy controls and 10 right-hemisphere patients without spatial neglect. In each trial, participants made semantic categorization about a centrally presented target word which was preceded by a masked prime flashed either to the left or right visual field. All three control groups exhibited strong left-hemisphere advantage in inhibitory syllabic priming, consistent with the known left-hemisphere dominance in lexical inhibition during reading. By contrast, neglect patients exhibited a symmetrical pattern of priming between the left and right visual fields. These results suggest that (1) the neglected hemifield can rapidly extract abstract information even from weak and normally non-perceptible visual stimuli, but that (2) the normal left hemispheric dominance in reading is absent in neglect patients probably because of the generalized hyperactivity of the left hemisphere. Our results demonstrate a covert behavioral change in spatial neglect which may reflect the altered inter-hemispheric balance in the bilateral word recognition system encompassing lexico-semantic memory. © 2010. Source

Yamauchi J.,Nephrology Center | Ubara Y.,Nephrology Center | Suwabe T.,Nephrology Center | Yamanouchi M.,Nephrology Center | And 5 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology | Year: 2010

In 2001, a 41-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our hospital because of severe renal dysfunction and fever of unknown origin. On admission, her serum creatinine was 8.7 mg/dL, urine protein was 0.3 g/day, and urine β2-microglobulin was 81,007 μg/day. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed bilateral contracted kidneys with a mass projecting from the lower pole of the right kidney. Biopsy of this lesion revealed interstitial nephritis and a noncaseating granuloma. Because extrarenal organ involvement or laboratory findings specific for sarcoidosis or other primary diseases were not detected, idiopathic granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN) was diagnosed. Prednisolone was started at dosage of 30 mg daily, and serum creatinine decreased to 5.5 mg/dL after 1 month. Her renal function was preserved for 8 years, but maintenance hemodialysis had to be started in 2009. A surgical specimen obtained after initiation of dialysis showed resolution of GIN in the renal mass lesion, which presumably resulted in preservation of renal function over the long term. Even in patients with severe renal dysfunction, histological diagnosis of GIN might lead to prognostic improvement because of appropriate therapeutic intervention. © 2010 Japanese Society of Nephrology. Source

Fuji S.,National Cancer Center Hospital | Fujiwara H.,Ehime University | Nakano N.,Imamura Bun in Hospital | Wake A.,Toranomon Hospital Kajigaya | And 15 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016

Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HSCT) is a curative treatment for aggressive adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). Considering the dismal prognosis associated with conventional chemotherapies, early application of allo-HSCT might be beneficial for patients with ATLL. However, no previous study has addressed the optimal timing of allo-HSCT from related donors. Hence, to evaluate the impact of timing of allo-HSCT for patients with ATLL, we retrospectively analyzed data from patients with ATLL who received an allo-HSCT from a related donor. The median age was 52 years. Patients were grouped according to the interval from diagnosis to allo-HSCT: early transplant group, <100 days, n=72; late transplant group, ≥100 days, n=428. The corresponding constituents of disease status were not statistically different between the two groups (P=0.11). The probability of OS in the early transplant group was significantly higher than that in the late transplant group (4-year OS, 49.3% vs 31.2%). Multivariate analysis revealed that late allo-HSCT was an unfavorable prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio, 1.46; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-2.11; P=0.04). Despite the limitations of a retrospective study, it might be acceptable to consider early application of allo-HSCT for ATLL. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

Nonaka K.,Nephrology Center | Ubara Y.,Nephrology Center | Ubara Y.,Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research | Suwabe T.,Nephrology Center | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Nephrology | Year: 2013

A 37-year-old female patient was admitted for evaluation of nephrotic proteinuria refractory to prednisolone and other immunosuppressants in 2004. On admission, urinary protein loss was 16 g/d. Anti-ds DNA antibody was positive and hypocomplementemia was detected. Renal biopsy revealed membranous lupus nephritis. Because 5 cyclophosphamide pulse therapies did not have an effect, tacrolimus was started at 3 mg daily. Proteinuria decreased to 4.8 g/d after 5 months and was < 0.1 g/d in 2009, but antids DNA antibody remained positive and hypocomplementemia persisted. Repeat renal biopsy revealed thinning of the glomerular capillary walls and disappearance of subepithelial electron-dense deposits. However, the subendothelial and mesangial deposits were unchanged. In this patient, proteinuria refractory to various immunosuppressants including cyclosporine A improved after administration of tacrolimus, and selective disappearance of subepithelial deposits was seen histologically. This is the first histological evidence that tacrolimus therapy may cause removal of subepithelial deposits, which are separated from the circulation by the glomerular basement membrane. This finding is supported by experimental data that tacrolimus selectively block the binding of FK-binding protein 12 to transient receptor potential-cation channel 6, resulting in normalization of affected podocytes. © 2013 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle. Source

Akiyama S.,Toranomon Hospital | Imamura T.,Toranomon Hospital | Ogawa O.,Toranomon Hospital | Wake A.,Toranomon Hospital Kajigaya | Takeuchi K.,Toranomon Hospital
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2014

A 46-year-old woman underwent upper endoscopy for evaluation of anemia, which revealed whitish granules at the duodenal papilla, diagnosed as duodenal follicular lymphoma (DFL) by biopsy. Computed tomography and abdominal ultrasonography revealed that follicular lymphoma was confined to the duodenum. Seven years after the diagnosis, fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scanning revealed multiple lesions including in bone marrow and lymph nodes. Bone marrow biopsy of the right iliac bone revealed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, indicating systemic dissemination and histologic transformation of the DFL. The patient responded to chemotherapy and has been progression-free for 2.5 years. Although DFL is usually indolent even without any treatment, systemic dissemination with histologic transformation can occur. This case suggests that the life-time follow-up that is usually done for patients with nodal follicular lymphoma should be provided to patients with DFL. Source

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