Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETOPEN-RIA-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2015
Atomic clocks are the backbone of our modern communication and navigation technology, e.g. through the global positioning system (GPS). Improving these clocks will open up exciting new applications in geodesy, fleet tracking, autonomous vehicles, augmented reality and shed light on some of the most fundamental questions in research. Todays best atomic clocks lose only 1 second in 30 billion years, making them the most precise measurement devices ever built. However, such clocks are extremely delicate and susceptible to external perturbations; they can only be operated in specialized laboratories. We propose to develop a novel type of clock, based on a unique nuclear transition in Thorium-229. This nuclear clock will be fundamentally different from existing atomic clocks, which are based on transitions in the electron shell. It will be largely inert to perturbations, simpler by design, and holds the potential to outperform existing atomic clocks in terms of precision. So far, progress towards an application of the Thorium nuclear transition has been hampered by the extreme technological challenges related to the scarcity of 229Th, insufficient detector resolution, and exotic lasers frequencies. Suitable technology is only becoming available just now. Furthermore, this research demands supreme expertise in a variety of fields, encompassing nuclear and atomic physics, quantum optics, metrology, as well as detector- and laser technology. Our interdisciplinary consortium is assembled to precisely match these requirements, joining for the first time Europes leading research groups in the respective fields. The work will focus on two objectives; (i) finding clear evidence of the transition and measuring its frequency, and (ii) developing all key components required for operation of a nuclear clock. We are certain that next-generation satellite-based navigation technology and other precision timing applications will greatly benefit from more precise and robust clocks.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 4.18M | Year: 2012
This training network focuses on the development of modern quantum sensors based on precision measurements of inertial forces, electro-magnetic fields, and time. Important ideas and major contributions to current research in this field have originated from atomic physics and quantum optics. The topics covered are gravitational probing, rotational sensing, field probes, and atomic clocks, with potential future applications ranging from fundamental science to geological exploration, navigation and medical diagnostics. The consortium will train a cohort of young researchers on the physics of atomic clocks and interferometers, which form the basis of quantum sensors, and several techniques to realise technologically relevant devices. The envisioned designs incorporate micro-structured components for trapping and guiding of atoms and photons. With this approach we aim for a high level of integration and advantageous parameter regimes, which will widen the range of possible applications by addressing aspects of sensitivity and bandwidth of measurements, alleviating access restrictions to points of interest, and improving mobility for field applications. We complement the range of topics by including surface probes, field sensitive microscopes, and molecular spectroscopy, deepening the connections to other scientific disciplines. The partner consortium is an exceptional combination of industrial and academic stakeholders, ranging from technology suppliers to users, supported by, e.g., the European Patent Office and the Research Policy Institute to assist the innovation process. The research training covers physical principles and technological aspects from development to implementation, with input from industrial partners on truly relevant needs. It is complemented by training on societal aspects, intellectual property rights, and transferable skills training, thus addressing a wide skill set that unites technical expertise with an innovative mindset.
TOPTICA Photonics AG | Date: 2014-10-16
An apparatus for generating laser radiation at a frequency multiplied as compared with a base frequency, has an optical resonator, in which input laser radiation circulates resonantly at the base frequency, and at least one conversion element through which the input laser radiation circulating in the optical resonator radiates, and which converts this radiation, at least in part, into output laser radiation at the multiplied frequency. At least one compensation element is provided, through which the input laser radiation circulating in the optical resonator also radiates, and which absorbs this radiation, in part, wherein the compensation element balances out a temperature-dependent variation of the optical path length of the input laser radiation in the conversion element, at least in part. Furthermore, a system generates laser radiation.
TOPTICA Photonics AG | Date: 2015-07-23
An optical resonator is provided made of low-outgassing materials, including at least one chamber, a non-linear crystal arranged in the chamber, and an array of mirrors arranged in the chamber and including a plurality of mirrors for deflecting a light beam. To specify such a resonator which is low-outgassing and which ensures fine adjustment of the optical elements at the same time, the present invention proposes that the non-linear crystal and at least one mirror of the array of mirrors is arranged on one movable carrier each, wherein the said carrier is fabricated from a low-outgassing material and seals the chamber. Furthermore, a sealing system is provided including a housing, an optical element and a sealing element of indium or indium alloy, which is arranged between the housing and the optical element, wherein the optical element has a lateral surface and the sealing element is arranged on the lateral surface.
TOPTICA Photonics AG | Date: 2014-06-03
A method for generation of electromagnetic radiation has the following method steps: