Tokyo University of Foreign Studies , often referred to as TUFS, is a specialist research university in Fuchū, Tokyo, Japan.TUFS is primarily devoted to foreign language, international affairs and foreign studies. It also features an Asia-African institution. Wikipedia.
Dahbi K.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies | Year: 2017
This article offers a historical analysis of the emergence of the political party field in post-independence Morocco and makes the case for a bottom-up approach that pays close attention to actors’ cultural dispositions, capabilities and the constraints imposed upon them by emergent fields. It starts by briefly introducing the conceptual toolbox of Bourdieusian field theory, underscoring the analytical strengths of the concepts it includes. Drawing on a qualitative analysis of both primary and secondary sources, the article then deploys the aforementioned concepts to trace the historical processes that shaped the emergence of the Moroccan political party field. In doing so, this article suggests a novel approach to the study of political parties that emphasizes the importance of adopting a bottom-up perspective, and the need to go beyond mono-causal explanatory accounts. © 2017 British Society for Middle Eastern Studies
Kawamoto S.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
A/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture | Year: 2015
The first aim of this paper is to describe the emergence of courtyards in Ottoman sultanic mosques in the fifteenth century and discuss the background of this pivotal transition. The reception of courtyards in Ottoman mosques dates back to A.H. 841(1437), Üç Şerefeli Cami in Edirne. The fact that Eyüp Sultan Camii in Istanbul was the second sultanic mosque with a courtyard indicates the royal symbolism of courtyard at a mosque, since the one in Eyüp functioned as the stage of sword girding (kılıç kuşanma) ceremonial of newly enthroned sultans. Secondly, in order to affirm that only sultans could construct mosques with courtyards, a few exceptional non-sultanic mosques with courtyards are examined. These pseudo-courtyards, were merely extensions which was a clever solution for non-sultanic benefactors. Finally, it is analysed how Sinan prepared a formula for courtyards in mosques for his non-sultanic patrons in the sixteenth century. He adopted an existing “mosque and madrasa” style for these patrons, but carefully alluded to the difference between the mosque section and the madrasa. However, it was also Sinan who abandoned this meticulous design and started building mosques with courtyards for non-sultanic patrons in a sultanic manner in 1580s. The demise of courtyards as a symbol of the omnipotent sultan coincided with the political upheaval of the dynasty. Since then, Queen Mothers and other court officials began to participate in decision making of the colossal empire, as well as enjoying a freedom to donate mosques in a style once only adopted at sultanic mosques. © 2015 Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, Faculty of Architecture. All rights reserved.
Onuma A.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies | Year: 2014
This paper focuses on the intertemporal efficiency aspect of economies with environmental resources which have stock externalities. We show why and how such an economy is concerned with intertemporal inefficiency if the property right of the resource is established and traded in a competitive asset market. Moreover, we explore how this inefficiency can be resolved by an income transfer system, and show that the system can also contribute to environmental conservation. Finally, our argument in terms of the efficiency will be applied to a tradeable emission permit system which allows the “banking” of credits. We propose that the government gives credit hoarders a subsidy per credit and allows the credits to grow, provided that they are hoarded. © 2000, Springer Japan.
Onuma A.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies | Year: 2014
This paper examines how green net national product (NNP), which can be interpreted as “hypothetical” constant consumption, is related to sustainable development based on two levels of sustainable consumption. First, we focus on “maximum sustainable consumption” and assume that a utilitarian optimal path is sustainable if the level does not decrease. Then we show that from this standpoint nondecreasing green NNP is a necessary condition for the optimal path we take to satisfy the sustainability. Next we introduce the viewpoint of “long-run increasing consumption” based on “minimum sustainable consumption” and regard the optimal path as sustainable if the path has a long-run increasing consumption path. We demonstrate that nondecreasing green NNP is a sufficient condition for the consumption path to be long-run increasing. These investigations show that although green NNP is not sustainable consumption it is closely linked to sustainable development defined by sustainable consumption, so it represents an indicator of sustainable development. © 1999, Springer Japan.
Tono Y.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies |
Satake Y.,Aoyama Gakuin University |
Miura A.,Tokyo Keizai University
ReCALL | Year: 2014
This study reports on the results of classroom research investigating the effects of corpus use in the process of revising compositions in English as a foreign language. Our primary aim was to investigate the relationship between the information extracted from corpus data and how that information actually helped in revising different types of errors in the essays. In 'data-driven learning', previous research has often failed to provide rigorous criteria for choosing the words or phrases suitable for correction with corpus data. By investigating the above relationship, this study aims to clarify what should be corrected by looking at corpus data. 93 undergraduate students from two universities in Tokyo wrote a short essay in 20 minutes without a dictionary, and the instructors gave coded error feedback for two lexical or grammatical errors. They deliberately selected one error which should be appropriate for checking against corpus data and one that was more likely to be corrected without using any reference resource. Three weeks later, a short hands-on instruction of the corpus query tool was given, followed by revision activities in which the participants were instructed to revise their first drafts, with or without the tool depending on the codes given to each error. 188 errors were automatically classified into three different categories (omission, addition and misformation) using natural language processing techniques. All words and phrases tagged for errors were further annotated for part-of-speech (POS) information. The results show that there was a significant difference in the accuracy rate among the three error types when the students consulted the corpus: omission and addition errors were easily identified and corrected, whereas misformation errors were low in correction accuracy. This reveals that certain errors are more suitable for checking against corpus data than others. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Computer Assisted Language Learning 2014Â.
Mochizuki H.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE 9th International Conference on Semantic Computing, IEEE ICSC 2015 | Year: 2015
This paper describes a method to replace commonly used scales with personalized scales. We explain a notion of personalized scales and describe our replacement system, the MyScale interface. Two prototypes of MyScale are shown. MyScale: heights, distances, weights and areas replaces numeric expressions of common scales with personalized scales in order to assist a user's intuitive understanding. MyScale: Map provides an interface so that the distance and location on the original map can be compared directly with familiar locations on the user's map. © 2015 IEEE.
Sato-Ilic M.,University of Tsukuba |
Ilic P.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2016
This paper presents a visualization of a result of fuzzy clustering. The feature of fuzzy clustering is to obtain the degree of belongingness of objects to fuzzy clusters so the result will be more commensurate with reality. In addition, the number of clusters requires less and the solution of the result will be more robust when compared with conventional hard clustering. In contrast, the fuzzy clustering result interpretation tends to be more complicated. Therefore, measuring the similarity (or dissimilarity) between a pair of fuzzy classification status of objects is important. In order to measure the similarity (or dissimilarity) mathematically, it is necessary to introduce a scale to the fuzzy clustering result. That is, the obtained solutions as a fuzzy clustering result must be in a metric space. In order to implement this, we have proposed multidimensional joint scale and cluster analysis. In this analysis, we exploit a scale obtained by multidimensional scaling. This paper clarifies that the multidimensional joint scale and cluster analysis introduces scale to the fuzzy clustering result and then the visualization of the fuzzy clustering result in the metric vector space has a theoretical mathematical meaning through the Euclidean distance structure. In this paper, this is shown by using several numerical comparisons with ordinary visualizations of the fuzzy clustering result. © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Tono Y.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
27th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information, and Computation, PACLIC 27 | Year: 2013
In this talk, I will report on the on-going project on systematic extraction of criterial features from multiple source corpora based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). First, a brief description of the CEFR itself, the project and the design of several different corpora newly compiled for the project will be given, followed by methodological issues regarding how to extract criterial features from CEFR-based corpora using machine learning techniques. © 2013 National Chengchi University. All Rights Reserved.
Nakagawa H.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Linguistics | Year: 2012
Focusing on the perception verb systems in three little documented Khoe languages, i.e., ‡Hab|a, G|ui, and G||ana, the present paper demonstrates their typologically unique feature, namely the crosslinguistically uncommon behavior of TASTE among the five sense modalities involved in perception verbs. By using the new findings the paper examines two models of the sense-modality hierarchy proposed by Viberg (1984, 2001). In addition, this study also reports on two peculiar lexical semantic classes, i.e., "elaborate taste verbs" and "food texture verbs", attested in G|ui and G||ana, in which TASTE potentially plays an important role. The findings of this study have some theoretical implications for lexical typology since they show a subtle interaction between universal and language-specific factors. © Walter de Gruyter.
News Article | December 27, 2016
Art Palm Springs (http://www.art-palmsprings.com) is proud to announce Lita Albuquerque, a pioneering artist and leader of California’s Light and Space art movement in the 1970s, as its 2017 Artist of the Year. Coinciding with Presidents’ Day Weekend, Art Palm Springs brings together more than 60 galleries from the U.S., South America and Europe, along with hundreds of artists from around the globe to the Palm Springs Convention Center February 16 through 19, 2017. Represented at the Fair by Peter Blake Gallery (Laguna Beach, CA), Albuquerque joins the ranks of past Art Palm Springs Artist of the Year honorees including Judy Chicago, Mel Ramos, Jennifer Bartlett, Fletcher Benton and Larry Bell. “We are so pleased to have Lita Albuquerque as the 2017 Artist of the Year,” said Donna Davies, Vice President of the Art Group for Urban Expositions, producer of Art Palm Springs. “The scope of her work is inspiring, as is her dedication to imparting her knowledge to the next generation of artists as a member of the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, where she has been on the faculty for more than 20 years.” "Palm Springs with its closeness to Los Angeles and Joshua Tree is a place that I go to for inspiration, motivation and solitude. Standing in the presence of the mountains, there, in the middle of the desert, everything drops out but the silence, and I can begin to listen. That listening is the beginning of inspiration,from one form of expression of the desert, through my body, to the canvas or field or object," said Lita Albuquerque, Artist of the Year Honoree. "Getting this award here means a lot - amidst the close relationships I have developed over the years within the community as well as with my relationship to the land itself." From far-flung places such as Antarctica to the Great Pyramids in the deserts of Egypt or Death Valley in the American Southwest, Albuquerque uses the expansive natural backgrounds for her large-scale installations and ephemeral works. She is known as an environmental artist, painter and sculptor who brings together the realities of time and space to a human scale through her unique visual language. Throughout her career, Albuquerque has garnered acclaim for her work which continually questions of elemental concepts of cosmology and everyday culture. Thoughtful and imaginative, Albuquerque uses these elemental concepts as “a living, functional cosmology for 21st century culture within public consciousness.” Her works include her pivotal 1980 installation, The Washington Monument Project, featured as part of the International Sculptural Conference, which led to commissions at major sites around the world including the Great Pyramids as the U.S. representative for the Cairo Biennale, including Sol Star, which won the Cairo Biennale Prize. Her commissioned works can be seen at such diverse locations as Gannett Publishers, McLean, Virginia; The Evo De Concini Federal Courthouse, Tucson, Arizona; Palos Verdes Central Library, Palos Verdes, California; Koll/Obayashi Corporation, Los Angeles; Cerritos Public Library, Cerritos, California; Tochigi Prefecture Health Center, Kanto Region, Japan; Saitama Guest Center, Saitama, Tokyo; and the Library at the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. These are in addition to her works that are on display in museums around the world, including the Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CA; The Archives of American Art at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; The Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY; The Getty Trust; The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles; and The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Albuquerque will receive the Artist of the Year Award during Art Palm Springs taking place February 16-19, 2017. Arts Patron of the Year Award will be presented to Donna MacMillan during the Opening Night Celebration February 16, 2017. Art Palm Springs takes place at the Palm Springs Convention Center. Tickets and a complete schedule for Art Palm Springs are available on the website at http://www.art-palmsprings.com. As the list of Art Palm Springs participating galleries continues to grow, the initial group of galleries committed to participate in the 2017 art fair includes: 57 Projects (Los Angeles, California) Adamar Fine Arts (Miami, Florida) Artspace Warehouse (Los Angles, California) Blue Rain Gallery (Santa Fe, New Mexico) Bruce Lurie Gallery (Los Angeles, California) C. Grimaldis Gallery (Balitmore, Maryland) Cassera Arts Premiers (Camano Island, Washington) Charlotte Jackson Fine Art (Santa Fe, New Mexico) Chiaroscuro/Gerbert Contemporary (Santa Fe, New Mexico) Christopher Martin Gallery (Aspen, Colorado) The Cynthia Corbett Gallery (London, United Kingdom) DECORAZON gallery (London, United Kingdom) Galeria Moro (Maracaibo, Venezuela) Gallery K.A.G. (Annapolis, Maryland) George Billis Gallery (New York, New York) HOHMANN (Palm Desert, California) J. Willott Gallery (Palm Desert, California) Jai & Jai Gallery (Los Angeles, California) Jane Kahan Gallery (New York, New York) Jonathan Novak Contemporary Art (Los Angeles, California) Jorge Mendez Gallery (Palm Springs, California) Lassiter Fine Art (Birmingham, Alabama) Maria Elena Kravetz Gallery (Cordoba, Argentina) Myers Kovich (Laguna Beach,California) NanHai Art (Millbrae, California) Okay Spark (Norfolk, Virginia) Peter Blake Gallery (Laguna Beach, California) Peters Projects (Santa Fe, New Mexico) photo-eye Gallery (Santa Fe, New Mexico) Rebecca Hossack Art Gallery (New York, New York) Richard Levy Gallery (Albuquerque, New Mexico) Scott White Contemporary Art (San Diego, California) Sensate Gallery TAI Modern (Santa Fe, New Mexico) ten|Contemporary (Grass Valley, California) Throckmorton Fine Art (New York, New York) William Havu Gallery (Denver, Colorado) William Siegal Gallery (Santa Fe, New Mexico) Winston Wächter Fine Art (Seattle, Washington) Art Palm Springs is owned by Atlanta-based Urban Expositions, which produces Art Aspen, Art Hamptons, Houston Art Fair, Art Palm Springs, and the Sculpture Objects Functional Art and Design (SOFA) Fair in Chicago. All art fairs are presented by galleries from around the world exhibiting modern and contemporary art in a variety of media including painting, photography, sculpture, and mixed-media. For more information about Urban Expositions’ art and design fairs, visit the following websites: Based in Kennesaw, GA, and founded in 1995, Urban Expositions produces and manages a portfolio of 40 events. Urban serves seven industry sectors including Gift, Souvenir, Art, Aviation, Foodservice, Pet and Gaming. Urban also produces Airport Revenue News, a publication focused on the airport concession industry. Urban has offices in Shelton, CT and Boca Raton, FL, and is represented by employees in California, Colorado and Illinois. http://www.urban-expo.com Clarion Events can trace its roots back to 1947 and takes great pride in being one of the oldest independent event organizers in the UK. The teams at Clarion create uniquely effective and stimulating environments that can serve as a platform to build businesses, enhance customer relationships and accelerate product awareness. More recently the firm has developed an international portfolio of brands and now delivers more than 200 events in over 20 countries. http://www.clarionevents.com and http://www.olympia-art-antiques.com