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Fuchu, Japan

Tokyo University of Foreign Studies , often referred to as TUFS, is a specialist research university in Fuchū, Tokyo, Japan.TUFS is primarily devoted to foreign language, international affairs and foreign studies. It also features an Asia-African institution. Wikipedia.

Kawamoto S.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
A/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture | Year: 2015

The first aim of this paper is to describe the emergence of courtyards in Ottoman sultanic mosques in the fifteenth century and discuss the background of this pivotal transition. The reception of courtyards in Ottoman mosques dates back to A.H. 841(1437), Üç Şerefeli Cami in Edirne. The fact that Eyüp Sultan Camii in Istanbul was the second sultanic mosque with a courtyard indicates the royal symbolism of courtyard at a mosque, since the one in Eyüp functioned as the stage of sword girding (kılıç kuşanma) ceremonial of newly enthroned sultans. Secondly, in order to affirm that only sultans could construct mosques with courtyards, a few exceptional non-sultanic mosques with courtyards are examined. These pseudo-courtyards, were merely extensions which was a clever solution for non-sultanic benefactors. Finally, it is analysed how Sinan prepared a formula for courtyards in mosques for his non-sultanic patrons in the sixteenth century. He adopted an existing “mosque and madrasa” style for these patrons, but carefully alluded to the difference between the mosque section and the madrasa. However, it was also Sinan who abandoned this meticulous design and started building mosques with courtyards for non-sultanic patrons in a sultanic manner in 1580s. The demise of courtyards as a symbol of the omnipotent sultan coincided with the political upheaval of the dynasty. Since then, Queen Mothers and other court officials began to participate in decision making of the colossal empire, as well as enjoying a freedom to donate mosques in a style once only adopted at sultanic mosques. © 2015 Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, Faculty of Architecture. All rights reserved. Source

Koyama M.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Journal of Information Processing | Year: 2011

The purpose of the paper is to elucidate the formation of “trust” in Internet society in the context of the relationship between the real social system and “trust” and between Internet space and “trust”. Although it is based on the dualities of real-world “system trust” and Internet “technological trust” and real-world “human trust” and Internet “personality trust” in this paper, in order for trust in the Internet space not to be limited to a personal issue of name and anonymity before trust for the space system, we intend to discuss trust in the Internet space as “communications trust” (duality of system and personality reliabilities). This study suggests that trust in the Internet space lies in the joint composition of technology (civilization) and society (culture) and clearly exists as complex of security (info-tech) and humanity (info-arts). Based on the above idea the final purpose of this study is to shows a path towards forming new human trust (internal controls) in the “information security” fabricated from the viewpoint of human mind controls (laws, morality, ethics, and custom) and information engineering. This course signifies the “security arts” (the study of trust) that incorporate information arts and info-tech in the Internet space. © 2011 Information Processing Society of Japan. Source

Onuma A.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies | Year: 2014

This paper focuses on the intertemporal efficiency aspect of economies with environmental resources which have stock externalities. We show why and how such an economy is concerned with intertemporal inefficiency if the property right of the resource is established and traded in a competitive asset market. Moreover, we explore how this inefficiency can be resolved by an income transfer system, and show that the system can also contribute to environmental conservation. Finally, our argument in terms of the efficiency will be applied to a tradeable emission permit system which allows the “banking” of credits. We propose that the government gives credit hoarders a subsidy per credit and allows the credits to grow, provided that they are hoarded. © 2000, Springer Japan. Source

Mochizuki H.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE 9th International Conference on Semantic Computing, IEEE ICSC 2015 | Year: 2015

This paper describes a method to replace commonly used scales with personalized scales. We explain a notion of personalized scales and describe our replacement system, the MyScale interface. Two prototypes of MyScale are shown. MyScale: heights, distances, weights and areas replaces numeric expressions of common scales with personalized scales in order to assist a user's intuitive understanding. MyScale: Map provides an interface so that the distance and location on the original map can be compared directly with familiar locations on the user's map. © 2015 IEEE. Source

Ikoma M.,Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Southeast Asian Studies | Year: 2014

In Myanmar, tea is used not only as a drink but also as a food product in the form of pickled tea. The Namhsan Township, which is in the highlands of northern Shan State―and where the Palaung people, of the Mon-Khmer group, constitute 90 percent of the population―is the largest tea-producing region in Myanmar. All three kinds of tea―pickled tea (post-fermentation tea), green tea (non-fermented tea), and black tea (fully fermented tea)―are produced in Namhsan, where producers choose the particular kind of tea they process from among the three. The objective of this study is to investigate how tea producers in Namhsan choose the particular kind of tea they process based on three factors: various changes in tea leaves according to season and processing; social relationships among tea producers, including laborers, farmers, agents, and factory owners; and influences of the consumer market in urban areas such as Yangon and Mandalay. Furthermore, this study examines how the choices made by tea producers characterize their social relationships. © 2014, Center for Southeast Asian Studies. All rights reserved. Source

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