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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

The Tokyo University of Agriculture , abbreviated as Nodai or Tokyo nodai , is a private university which treats agriculture in Japan.The campus is in three places, Setagaya, Atsugi, and Okhotsk . Wikipedia.

Communication among microorganisms is mediated by secretion and detection of microbial signaling molecules such as quorum-sensing pheromones and microbial hormones. The molecules elicit the regulation of important genes necessary for microbial survival and often play important roles in interspecies or even inter-kingdom communication. Recent progress in the study of the signaling molecules has enabled us to eavesdrop on microbial conversations to gain insight on their intercellular communication system. This review summarizes the recent advances in the chemistry and chemical biology of these important microbial signaling molecules: acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs), AI-2, CAI-1 related α-hydroxy ketones (AHKs), ComX pheromones, diffusible signal factors (DSFs), diffusible extracellular factor (DF), and Phytophthora mating hormones. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Hirose T.,Tokyo University of Agriculture
Oecologia | Year: 2011

Nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) was originally defined as the dry mass productivity per unit N taken up from soil. The term was subsequently redefined as the product of nitrogen productivity (NP) and mean residence time of nitrogen (MRT). However, this redefinition was found to contradict the original definition under certain conditions, and confusion arose when the MRT defined for a steady-state system was applied to a system that was actually not at steady state. As MRT is the expected length of time that a unit of N newly taken up from soil is retained before being lost, it can be translated into the plant nitrogen duration (PND) divided by the total N uptake. This MRT is determined equally well for a steady state- and a non-steady state system and is in accordance with the original definition of NUE. It can be applied to a herbaceous perennial stand (that was at a steady state) and to an annual stand (that was not at a steady state) to determine NUE. NUE is also applicable when plant growth and reproduction are analyzed in relation to N use. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Kameyama Y.,Tokyo University of Agriculture
American Journal of Botany | Year: 2012

Premise of the study: Cinnamomum camphora is an evergreen tree distributed in southern Japan, Taiwan, and southeastern China. Because of its vast utilization and cultivation, the natural distribution area of this species has been controversial. Methods and Results: I isolated and characterized 22 microsatellite loci in C. camphora. Levels of olymorphism were evaluated in 104 adult trees from three populations in Japan: Meiji Jingu (Shinto Shrine), Kajiya Plantation, and Manazuru Peninsula. The mean number of alleles per locus ranged from 4.1 to 8.0 among populations. The mean observed and expected heterozygosities per population ranged from 0.53 to 0.60 and 0.55 to 0.68, respectively. Conclusions: All of 22 loci showed a clear and strong single band for each allele, and revealed a useful degree of polymorphism. The microsatellite markers described here will be useful to study the history, population dynamics, mating system, and genetic structure of C. camphora. © 2012 Botanical Society of America. Source

Kikvidze Z.,University of Tokyo | Kikvidze Z.,Ilia State University | Suzuki M.,Tokyo University of Agriculture | Brooker R.,James Hutton Institute
Trends in Ecology and Evolution | Year: 2011

In any ecological study, target organisms are usually impacted by multiple environmental drivers. In plant interaction research, recent debate has focussed on the importance of competition; that is, its role in regulating plant success relative to other environmental drivers. Despite being clearly and specifically defined, the apparently simple concept of the importance of competition has been commonly overlooked, and its recognition has helped reconcile long-running debates about the dependence of competition on environmental severity. In this review, we argue that extending this formalised concept of importance to other aspects of ecology would be beneficial. We discuss approaches for measuring importance, and provide examples where explicit acknowledgement of this simple concept might promote understanding and resolve debate. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Topographic niche differentiation (TND) is believed to facilitate the coexistence of tree species, but its effects are not well established for minor species or for life stages beyond recruitment. In this study, the effects of topography (slope inclination and topographic configuration) on the demographic parameters (mortality, diameter growth rate and recruitment rate) of both major and minor species in a species-rich temperate forest were examined using a mixed-model approach. The model selection analysis detected interspecies difference in the response of recruitment rate to topographic configuration. However, mortality and diameter growth rate of stems with DBH ≥ 5 cm did not show any species-specific response to two topographic parameters. The recruitment rate of major species tended to be higher under topographic conditions where many stems of the species already existed, suggesting significant habitat segregation. No such correlation was found for minor species. These results suggest TND has a limited effect on habitat segregation among species, and that other mechanisms also contributed to coexistence, especially when considering minor species. © 2010 The Ecological Society of Japan. Source

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