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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Kagawa M.,Tokyo Metroplitan University | Tojima H.,Tokyo Rosai Hospital | Matsui T.,Tokyo Metroplitan University
Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing | Year: 2015

Full-night polysomnography (PSG) has been recognized as the gold standard test for sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). However, PSG examinees are physically restrained for the full night by many contact sensors and obtrusive connecting cables, inducing mental stress. We developed a non-contact SAHS diagnostic system that can detect apneic events without inducing stress in monitored individuals. Two Doppler radars were installed beneath the mattress to measure the vibrations of the chest and abdomen, respectively. Our system determines apnea and hypopnea events when the radar output amplitude decreases by <20 and 70 %, respectively, of the amplitude of a normal breath (without SAHS events). Additionally, we proposed a technique that detects paradoxical movements by focusing on phase differences between thoracic and abdominal movements, and were able to identify three types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central, and mixed. Respiratory disturbance indexes obtained showed a higher correlation (r = 94 %) with PSG than with pulse oximetry (r = 89 %). When predicting the severity of SAHS with an apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) of >15/h or >30/h using PSG as a reference, the radar system achieved a sensitivity of 96 and 90 %, and a specificity of 100 and 79 % with an AHI of >15/h and >30/h, respectively. The proposed radar system can be used as an alternative to the current airflow sensor, and to chest and abdomen belts for apnea–hypopnea evaluation. © 2015 International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering Source

Miyazaki K.,Tokyo Rosai Hospital
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2010

A 65-year-old man who was occupationally exposed to asbestos for 40 years was admitted to our hospital with fever and cough. Chest CT revealed paraseptal emphysema, subpleural fibrosis in both lungs, and pleural plaques. On bronchoalveolar lavage fluid contained elevated levels of lymphocytes and neutrophils (15% and 17%, respectively), and asbestos bodies were also found. Because serum MPO-ANCA titer was elevated to 188 EU, we suspected ANCA-associated disease with interstitial pneumonia. Prednisolone was begun at 30 mg/day and his lung opacities partially disappeared. Six weeks later, he complained of headache, dysphagia and hoarseness, and was admitted to the neurology department of the hospital. Under a diagnosis of either hypertrophic pachymeningitis or neuritis due to angiitis of the lower cranial nerves, steroid pulse therapy was performed. Asbestos exposure may have been a contributing factor for ANCA generation in this case. Furthermore, the fact that cranial nerves palsy occurred in spite of steroid therapy may also be important. Source

Fukusumi M.,Tokyo Rosai Hospital
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2011

A 67-year-old woman with a history of non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis due to Mycobacterium avium in 2002 and 2006 was admitted because of low-grade fever and cavitary lesions in both lungs on chest computed tomography (CT). Bronchial brushing cytology by bronchoscopy did not yield mycobacterium. Her serum antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (MPO-ANCA) level was elevated and PR3 ANCA was negative. A surgical lung biopsy revealed basophilic necrosis with cavitary lesions and necrotizing vasculitis compatible with Wegener granulomatosis (WG). In the resected specimen, several hyalinizing nodules with caseous necrosis, probably associated with previous mycobacterium infection, were also seen. Because her disease was limited to the lungs, we successfully treated her with corticosteroids and methotrexate. WG is considered to be a type of ANCA-associated vasculitis, and microbial infections have been associated with initiation and relapse of WG. This case clearly demonstrated that lesions of WG occurred after mycobacterial infection in the lung. We believe that this case was ANCA production in association with bacterial infection. Source

Kasuya H.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Kubo O.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Kato K.,Tokyo Rosai Hospital | Krischek B.,University of Tubingen
Journal of Medical Investigation | Year: 2012

Object. With the wider use of CT and MRI, many meningiomas are discovered as incidental findings during diagnostic work-up for unrelated symptoms. The majority shows no or minimal growth. The purpose of this study was to distinguish pathological features of incidentally-found growing meningiomas by comparing incidentally-found with symptomatic meningiomas. Methods. One hundred and thirty two consecutive nonrecurrent surgically-treated meningiomas treated between 2005 and 2007 were divided into three categories: 19 incidentally-found growing meningiomas (IG), 50 incidentallyfound meningiomas (I), and 63 symptomatic (S) meningiomas. The average follow-up period for the IG meningiomas was 3.7 years. Six out of 19 patients of the IG meningiomas became symptomatic during observation. Results. There is a significant difference of the incidence of WHO grades I, II, and III between all three groups (p=0.035). The incidence of WHO grades II and III in groups IG, I, and S were 26%, 2%, and 10%, respectively. We compare MIB-1 staining index between three groups: an average was 3.8% in IG, 1.3% in I, and 2.4% in S meningiomas. Conclusions. Incidentally-found meningiomas need careful follow-up. One fourth of the meningiomas that showed signs of growing belonged to the atypical or malignant grade. J. Med. Invest. 59: 241-245, August, 2012. Source

Shiono S.,Tokyo Rosai Hospital | Shiono S.,Juntendo University | Saito T.,Juntendo University | Fujii H.,Juntendo University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

We report a case of a 44-year-old woman with bilateral ovarian carcinoma that had metastasized from the colon and mimicked primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. Macroscopically, both ovarian tumors were large, multiloculated cystic masses with abundant mucinous content. Histologically, they were lined with mucinous epithelium with mild to moderate nuclear atypia and showed stromal invasion and surface involvement. At first, the tumors were diagnosed as bilateral primary ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinomas. However, three months after surgery, a large villous tumor was discovered in the ascending colon by colonoscopic examination and was surgically resected. Histologically, the colonic tumor was a villous adenomatous tumor with invasive components of mucinous adenocarcinoma composed of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma and exhibited abundant extracellular mucin production. As a villous adenomatous component was present in the mucosal area, the colonic tumor was considered a primary tumor. Therefore, the original diagnosis of bilateral ovarian tumors was revised for consistent with metastasis from the colon carcinoma, in line with the findings of immunohistochemistry and loss of heterozygosity analysis. This case highlights the importance of considering the possibility of metastatic tumors from the gastrointestinal tract in the diagnosis of mucinous ovarian tumors. Source

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