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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Mibe J.,Tokyo Metropolitan Ohtsuka Hospital
Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine | Year: 2013

Control of the disease activity is enabled due to the progress of drug therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. However, surgical treatments are necessary for unresponsive cases to the drug or for achieving higher QOL, and we can attain more tight control or cure by combination of drug therapy and surgical treatments. Total joint arthroplasty provides indolence, mobility, stability and is an useful joint reconstruction method. Shoulder and elbow joint work as a reach function together, and total joint arthroplasty become adaptation when extensive joint destruction or severe pain occurrs. With the usage of biologic agents joint repair is possible in small joints, but if the joint destruction progress in weight-bearing joints, repair is impossible and total joint arthroplasty can be required. Source

Koshiishi H.,Tokyo Metropolitan Ohtsuka Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2013

We describe 3 cases in which the pulmonary metastasis from the urothelial carcinoma of the bladder and upper urinary tract was resected. The duration from the operation of the primary lesion to the occurrence of the pulmonary metastasis was 19, 11, and 4 years in each of the 3 cases. Repeated treatment of the local recurrence was performed in all the 3 cases. Local recurrence in the bladder membrane was observed in 1 case. In 2 cases, computed tomography( CT) scans revealed that the cavitation had penetrated the tumor. Histological findings of the surgical specimen obtained from the 3 cases revealed severe tumor necrosis. Immunostaining of the surgical specimen resulted in a definitive diagnosis of pulmonary metastasis from the urothelial carcinoma in 2 cases in which a differential diagnosis could not identify the primary lung cancer from the pulmonary metastasis. The prognoses in terms of survival in each of the 3 cases were shorter than 32, 19, and 6 months from the operation of the pulmonary metastasis. However, the prognoses could be improved by multidisciplinary treatment, including the resection of the pulmonary metastasis. Source

Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms are common among children and adolescents with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD). The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of ADHD-like symptoms on the clinical features of adolescents with PDD. Methods: A total of 72 subjects (between the ages of 12 and 17) diagnosed as having PDD were split into higher (ADHD+) and lower (ADHD-) groups according to the presence of ADHD-like symptoms as assessed with the Japanese version of the ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV-J). Group differences in coexisting psychopathology, as assessed by the eight subscales of the Japanese version of the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 4-18 (CBCL/4-18-J) and autistic core features, as assessed by the adolescent part of the PDD-Autism Society of Japan Rating Scale (PARS), were examined. Results: The ADHD+subjects showed a significantly higher degree of general psychopathology, including both externalizing and internalizing symptoms, as compared to subjects in the ADHD- subgroup. Additionally, the ADHD+subgroup showed greater impairment according to PARS scores. Discussion: These results indicate an important role of ADHD-like symptoms in PDD. Therefore, parents/caregivers may find it useful to know to what extent their child's ADHD-like symptoms deviate from the norm for PDD adolescents and the implications of these symptoms for long-term care. In addition, clinicians would be well advised to consider further systematic assessment of ADHD-like symptoms. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Tokita H.,Tokyo Metropolitan Ohtsuka Hospital
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2011

A 55-year-old man underwent Miles' operation with a diagnosis of rectal leiomyosarcoma in 1990. From 1998 to 2004, he had liver and lung metastases and local site recurrent tumors which were removed surgically. Immunohistochemically the recurrent tumor was positive for c-kit and CD34, and the diagnosis of GIST was confirmed. He took an adjuvant imatinib mesylate for half a year in 2004. In July 2005, he had a recurrent tumor in upper mediastinum. We restarted an imatinib after radiation therapy, and got a clinical CR. After he had interstitial pneumonitis in 2009, he stopped taking inmatinb. Then he took sunitinb for two months after an operation for the sixth local recurrence in February 2010. But the upper mediastium recurrent tumor occurred again in November 2010. We restarted sunitinb and got a clinical PR. The patient is now alive and well for 21 years after the initial operation by combined therapies. Source

Suzumura S.,Tokyo Metropolitan Ohtsuka Hospital
Pediatrics International | Year: 2015

Background Parents of children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) are likely to experience serious distress. The aims of this study were to (i) assess distress among mothers of preschoolers with high-functioning PDD (HFPDD); and (ii) examine its relation to the child's behavioral characteristics. Methods Participants were 30 mothers of preschoolers with HFPDD, and 30 mothers of a matched control group. Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (version 2), and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used for assessment. The children's autistic traits were assessed using the total number of items for the DSM-IV-TR autistic disorder diagnosis. Results Mothers in the HFPDD group were more distressed mentally than physically. Neither physical nor mental distress in the group was related to the child's autistic traits, while their mental distress was significantly related to the child's behavior problems. Conclusions Mothers in the HFPDD group were at increased risk of impaired mental wellbeing. Maternal mental distress in the group was significantly related to general behavior problems, but not to autistic traits in the child. © 2014 Japan Pediatric Society. Source

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