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Tamura Y.,Harvard University | Tamura Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Institute | Chiba Y.,Harvard University | Chiba Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Institute | And 9 more authors.
FEBS Letters | Year: 2011

Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in pancreatic β-cell death in the development of diabetes. The mechanisms underlying NO-induced β-cell death have not been clearly defined. Recently, receptor-interacting protein-1 (RIP1)-dependent necrosis, which is inhibited by necrostatin-1, an inhibitor of RIP1, has emerged as a form of regulated necrosis. Here, we show that NO donor-induced β-cell death was inhibited by necrostatin-1. Unexpectedly, however, RIP1 knockdown neither inhibited cell death nor altered the protective effects of necrostatin-1 in NO donor-treated β-cells. These results indicate that NO donor induces necrostatin-1-inhibitable necrotic β-cell death independent of RIP1. Our findings raise the possibility that NO-mediated β-cell necrosis may be a novel form of signal-regulated necrosis, which play a role in the progression of diabetes. © 2011 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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