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Nakahara F.,University of Tokyo | Nakahara F.,Tokyo Medical University | Sakata-Yanagimoto M.,University of Tokyo | Sakata-Yanagimoto M.,University of Tsukuba | And 19 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

Hairy enhancer of split 1 (Hes1) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcriptional repressor that affects differentiation and often helps maintain cells in an immature state in various tissues. Here we show that retroviral expression of Hes1 immortalizes common myeloid progenitors (CMPs) and granulocyte-macrophage progenitors (GMPs) in the presence of interleukin-3, conferring permanent replating capability on these cells. Whereas these cells did not develop myeloproliferative neoplasms when intravenously administered to irradiated mice, the combination of Hes1 and BCR-ABL in CMPs and GMPs caused acute leukemia resembling blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), resulting in rapid death of the recipient mice. On the other hand, BCR-ABL alone caused CML-like disease when expressed in c-Kit-positive, Sca-1-positive, and lineage-negative hematopoietic stem cells (KSLs), but not committed progenitors CMPs or GMPs, as previously reported. Leukemic cells derived from Hes1 and BCR-ABL-expressing CMPs and GMPs were more immature than those derived from BCR-ABL-expressing KSLs. Intriguingly, Hes1 was highly expressed in 8 of 20 patients with CML in blast crisis, but not in the chronic phase, and dominant negative Hes1 retarded the growth of some CML cell lines expressing Hes1. These results suggest that Hes1 is a key molecule in blast crisis transition in CML. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology.

Hamamoto Y.,Keio University | Yamaguchi T.,Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Disease Center | Nishina T.,National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center | Yamazaki K.,Shizuoka Cancer Center | And 8 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2014

Background. Capecitabine is used mainly with oxaliplatin to treat metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Results from capecitabine plus irinotecan (XELIRI) with or without bevacizumab (BV) have been reported in Europe but not in Japan. Consequently, the safety and efficacy of XELIRI plus BV in Japanese patients with mCRC were assessed in a single-arm phase II study.Methods. Eligible patients had had prior chemotherapy containing BV for mCRC and wild-type or heterozygous UGT1A1. Therapy in each 21-day treatment cycle consisted of capecitabine (800 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1-15), irinotecan (200 mg/m2 on day 1), and BV (7.5 mg/kg on day 1). The primary endpoint was dose-limiting toxicity in phase I and progression-free survival (PFS) in phase II.Results. A total of 34 patients (6 in phase I, 28 in phase II) were enrolled from May 2010 to June 2011. Baseline characteristics included a median age of 60 years (range: 22-74 years) for 24 men and 10 women. No dose-limiting toxicities appeared in phase I. Median PFS was 240 days (95% confidence interval: 179-311 days). Overall response rate was 18.1%, and the disease-control rate was 90.9%.The incidence of adverse events frequently associated with irinotecan and capecitabine were neutropenia (any grade, 55.9%; grade 3 or 4, 11.8%), diarrhea (any grade, 50%; grade 3 or 4, 5.9%), and hand-foot syndrome (any grade, 61.8%; grade 3 or 4, 5.9%).Conclusion. Our results suggest that XELIRI plus BV is well tolerated and effective as a second-line treatment for mCRC in Japanese patients. This regimen could be especially appropriate for patients resistant to oxaliplatin-based regimens. © AlphaMed Press 2014.

Kurokawa Y.,Osaka University | Sasako M.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Sano T.,Cancer Institute Hospital | Yoshikawa T.,Kanagawa Cancer Center | And 6 more authors.
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2015

Background: The optimal surgical approach for treatment of oesophagogastric junction (OGJ) cancer is controversial. A randomized clinical trial (JCOG9502) comparing transhiatal (TH) and left thoracoabdominal (LTA) approaches was stopped after the first interim analysis owing to limited efficacy for LTA resections. Complete 10-year follow-up data are now available. Methods: Patients with histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the OGJ or gastric cardia with oesophageal invasion of 3 cm or less were randomized to a TH or LTA approach. Both groups underwent total gastrectomy and splenectomy with D2 nodal dissection plus para-aortic lymphadenectomy above the left renal vein. For LTA, a thorough mediastinal lymphadenectomy below the left inferior pulmonary vein was also mandatory. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Results: A total of 167 patients (82 TH, 85 LTA) were enrolled. The 10-year overall survival rate was 37 (95 per cent c.i. 26 to 47) per cent for the TH approach and 24 (15 to 34) per cent for the LTA technique (P = 0.060). The hazard ratio for death was 1.42 (0.98 to 2.05) for the LTA technique. Subgroup analysis based on the Siewert classification indicated non-significant survival advantages in favour of the TH approach. Conclusion: LTA resections should be avoided in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the OGJ or gastric cardia. Registration number: NCT00149266 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov). © 2015 The Authors.

Ishida T.,Nagoya City University | Hishizawa M.,Kyoto University | Kato K.,Kyushu University | Tanosaki R.,National Cancer Center Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2013

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but not autologous HCT, can provide long-term remission in some patients with adult T cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL). We retrospectively analyzed the effects of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) among the 616 patients with ATL who survived at least 30 days after allogeneic HCT with other than cord blood grafts. Multivariate analyses treating the occurrence of GVHD as a time-varying covariate demonstrated an association between grade I-II acute GVHD and favorable overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR], 0.634; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.477 to 0.843), whereas grade III-IV acute GVHD showed a trend toward unfavorable OS (HR, 1.380; 95% CI, 0.988 to 1.927) compared with nonacute GVHD. In subsequent multivariate analyses of patients who survived at least 100 days after HCT (n= 431), the presence of limited chronic GVHD showed a trend toward favorable OS (HR, 0.597; 95% CI, 0.354 to 1.007), and extensive chronic GVHD had a significant effect on OS (HR, 0.585; 95% CI, 0.389 to 0.880). There were no significant interactions between myeloablative conditioning or reduced-intensity conditioning with OS even when acute GVHD was absent or present at grade I-II or grade III-IV or when chronic GVHD was absent, limited, or extensive. This study demonstrates the actual existence of graft-versus-ATL effects in patients with ATL regardless of whether myeloablative conditioning or reduced-intensity conditioning is used. © 2013 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Iwata H.,Aichi Cancer Center Hospital | Sato N.,Niigata Cancer Center Hospital | Masuda N.,National Hospital Organization Osaka National Hospital | Nakamura S.,Breast Surgical Oncology | And 7 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Objective: This multicenter, open-label, single-arm, Phase II study assessed the efficacy of a neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel (75 mg/m2 q3w) followed by 5-fluorouracil 500 mg/m2, epirubicin 100 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 q3w in patients with early-stage breast cancer. Methods: Women with resectable breast cancer (T1c-3 N0 M0 or T1-3 N1 M0) were enrolled. Before surgery, patients received four cycles of docetaxel followed by four cycles of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide. The primary endpoint was the pathological complete response (pCR) rate defined for the breast alone, assessed by a central review committee. Secondary endpoints included clinical response and safety. Results: One hundred and thirty-seven patients were enrolled. Of the 132 patients assessable for pathologic response, 23% (95% confidence interval, 16-31%) experienced a pathological complete response and 6% (95% confidence interval, 3-12%) had a near pathological complete response (few remaining cancer cells), resulting in a quasi-pathological complete response of 29% (95% confidence interval, 21-37%). Clinical response rate following the initial docetaxel regimen was 64%. The overall clinical response rate after completion of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide was 79%; breast-conserving surgery was performed in 79% of patients. More patients with triple-negative disease (estrogen/progesterone receptors negative; human epidermal growth factor 2 negative) experienced a pathological complete response [14/29, (48%); 95% confidence interval, 29-68%] versus those with other molecular subtypes. The safety profile was acceptable. Conclusions: Eight cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy-docetaxel followed by 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide-are tolerable and conferred high rates of pathological complete response and breast-conserving surgery. Patients with triple-negative disease were more likely to achieve pathological complete response versus other subtypes, suggesting that selecting appropriate neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on molecular subtype could be possible. © The Author (2011). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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