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Chiba, Japan

Tokyo Dental College is a private university in the city of Mihama-ku, Chiba, Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1890, and it was chartered as a university in 1946. Wikipedia.

Komiya Ito A.,Tokyo Dental College
The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College | Year: 2010

Periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, Campylobacter rectus and Treponema denticola play an important role in the initiation and progression of periodontitis. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal clinical parameters and the subgingival profile of periodontopathic bacteria. Twenty-six periodontitis patients (23-62 years of age; mean age, 40.2±13.2) with no systemic disease agreed to participate in the study. Periodontal clinical parameters, including probing depth (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded. Subgingival plaque samples were obtained from deep (PD≥4 mm) and shallow (PD≤3 mm) pockets in each patient for detection of P. gingivalis, A. actinomycetemcomitans, T. forsythia, C. rectus and T. denticola by polymerase chain reaction technique. The relationship between the periodontal pathogens and clinical parameters was determined with the Fisher exact test, and a statistically significant association was found between detection of P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, C. rectus and T. denticola and PD or BOP. T. denticola was the most prevalent pathogen in both shallow PD and deep PD sites. No statistically significant association was found between detection of A. actinomycetemcomitans and the clinical parameters examined. A statistically significant association was found between detection of the red complex bacteria and the clinical parameters. These results suggest that the red complex pathogens and C. rectus play an important role in the initiation and progression of periodontitis. Source

The aim of this retrospective study was to determine factors that might cause complications in use of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) for orthodontic anchorage. We investigated 904 TADs in 455 patients. Clinical diagnoses requiring orthodontic treatment were malocclusion, jaw deformity, various syndromes, cleft lip and palate and impacted teeth. All patients underwent surgery at Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital between November 2000 and June 2009. Three kinds of titanium screw of different diameter and length were used: self-drilling mini-screws (Dual Top Autoscrew® and OSAS®), pre-drilling micro-screws (K1 system®) and palatal screws (PIAS®). Mini-plates fixed with 2 or 3 screws (SAS system®) were also used for skeletal anchorage. Patients were aged between 8 and 68 years (25.7±9.8 years). A total of 460 screw-type and 444 plate-type TADs were used. These comprised the following: mini-plates, 444; self-drilling mini-screws, 225; pre-drilling micro-screws, 83; and palatal screws, 152. Each type of implant had a high success rate of over about 90%. Failure rates were as follows: micro-screws, 7%; mini-screws, 6%; palatal implants, 11%; and mini-plates, 6%. Inflammation rate occurring in soft tissue surrounding TADs was follows: plate-type, 7.6%; mini-screws, 1.3%; micro-screws, 0%; and palatal implants, 2.5%. Inflammation frequencies depended on degree of mucosal penetration. Granulation rate in soft tissue surrounding TADs occurred as follows: micro-screws, 5.7%; self-drilling mini-screws, 0%; palatal screws, 0.6%; plate-type, 0.9%. Both plate- and screwtype orthodontic implants showed excellent clinical performance. Source

Changes in the standard treatment for esophageal cancer in Japan are reflected in the history of consecutive studies conducted by the Japan Esophageal Oncology Group (JEOG), a subgroup of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG). Following the era of preoperative radiotherapy in the 1970s, the emphasis in surgical adjuvant therapy shifted from postoperative radiotherapy in the 1980s to postoperative chemotherapy including cisplatin as a key drug in the 1990s. Later, the optimal timing for perioperative adjuvant therapy returned to before surgery based on the results of a JCOG study (JCOG9907) that compared preoperative chemotherapy with postoperative chemotherapy in the late 2000s. Next, the clinical question of which is better, preoperative aggressive chemotherapy or preoperative chemoradiotherapy, still needs to be resolved. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy using cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil became a standard non-surgical treatment for esophageal cancer from the early 1990s onwards. Based on the preferable results of definitive chemoradiotherapy for unresectable advanced disease, definitive chemoradiotherapy was considered to be a possible alternative treatment modality in stage I esophageal cancer patients. Therefore, JEOG conducted a phase III study (JCOG0502) to demonstrate the non-inferiority of chemoradiotherapy compared with surgery in patients with stage I esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. If definitive chemoradiotherapy fails in patients with stage II/III esophageal cancer, salvage surgery is now recommended. Therefore, JEOG has initiated a phase II study (JCOG0909) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this combined treatment modality. © The Japan Esophageal Society and Springer 2011. Source

Sugihara N.,Tokyo Dental College
The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for root surface caries in the elderly and to evaluate the factors associated with gingival recession, one of the main risk factors for root surface caries. A total of 153 elderly people (35 men, 118 women) aged between 60 and 94 years (73.5+/-7.5 years) were surveyed. All participants were relatively healthy elderly who did not need special care in their daily lives. The survey was conducted in Chiba prefecture, Japan, and oral examinations and a questionnaire with face-to-face interviews were also carried out. Correlation analysis revealed that number of present teeth (p<0.001), gingival recession (p<0.001), bleeding on probing (p<0.001) and presence or absence of dentures (p<0.05) were significantly correlated with number of root surface caries. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis for root surface caries revealed that the risk factors for increasing numbers of teeth with root surface caries were number of teeth with gingival recession (p<0.0001), bleeding on probing (p=0.0017) and self-reported dry mouth (p=0.0454). Sex (p<0.05), number of present teeth (p<0.001), bleeding on probing (p<0.01), the presence or absence of systemic disease (p<0.01), dentures (p<0.01), drinking alcohol (p<0.01) and smoking (p<0.01) were significantly correlated with amount of gingival recession by correlation analysis. Moreover, the risk factors for increasing number of teeth with gingival recession were living in an institution (p=0.0244), number of present teeth (p<0.0001) and smoking (p=0.0037), as determined by stepwise multiple linear regression analysis for gingival recession. Source

Various bone matrix proteins are produced during the process of osteogenesis. Many previous studies suggested that the topography of an implant surface might affect the expression of osteoblast-mediated cytokines. However, these earlier studies were performed using in vitro cell culture. This study investigated the influence of the surface topography of a titanium implant placed under the periosteum on the gene expression of bone morphogenic markers in rat. Six custom-made implants with a rough upper surface and 6 custom-made implants with a smooth machined upper surface were placed subcrestally with the upper surface facing up in the femurs of 6 adult male rats. Five rats were sacrificed 7 days after the implant placement, and the periosteum above the embedded implant was obtained and analyzed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR for the target genes: alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteocalcin (OCN). The other rat was sacrificed at day 7, and both implants and the surrounding tissue were embedded in paraffin. For light microscopic observations, paraffin sections were stained with toluidine blue. Gene expression of ALP, BSP and OCN at the rough surface implant was significantly higher than that at the smooth machined surface implant. At day 7, both types of implant were covered with soft tissue, but a lower number of cells stained with toluidine blue was observed on the machined surface compared with on the rough surface. It is considered that rough surfaces may stimulate osteoblasts, and that ALP activity is increased indirectly. Furthermore, the two other markers were also increased by the rough surface in vivo, and different distributions of cellular and extracellular components on the upper surface of the implants were observed at day 7. These results suggest that a rough surface implant under the periosteum promotes higher gene expression of ALP, BSP and OCN in rat. Source

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