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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Oguri T.,University of Tokyo | Oguri T.,Nagoya City University | Yoshinaga J.,University of Tokyo | Toshima H.,University of Tokyo | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering | Year: 2016

Inorganic arsenic (iAs) has been known as a testicular toxicant in experimental rodents. Possible association between iAs exposure and semen quality (semen volume, sperm concentration, and sperm motility) was explored in male partners of couples (n = 42) who visited a gynecology clinic in Tokyo for infertility consultation. Semen parameters were measured according to WHO guideline at the clinic, and urinary iAs and methylarsonic acid (MMA), and dimethylarsinic acid concentrations were determined by liquid chromatography-hydride generation-ICP mass spectrometry. Biological attributes, dietary habits, and exposure levels to other chemicals with known effects on semen parameters were taken into consideration as covariates. Multiple regression analyses and logistic regression analyses did not find iAs exposure as significant contributor to semen parameters. Lower exposure level of subjects (estimated to be 0.5 μg kg−1 day−1) was considered a reason of the absence of adverse effects on semen parameters, which were seen in rodents dosed with 4–7.5 mg kg−1. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Toshima H.,University of Tokyo | Suzuki Y.,University of Tokyo | Imai K.,University of Tokyo | Yoshinaga J.,University of Tokyo | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health | Year: 2012

The concentrations of chemicals with suspected endocrine disrupting effect were measured in urine samples collected from 42 Japanese male partners of couples who had infertility consultation at a gynecology clinic in Tokyo. The urinary analytes included metabolites of 5 phthalate diesters, pyrethroid insecticide (3-phenoxybenzoic acid, 3-PBA) and soy isoflavones (daidzein and equol), and cadmium. The semen parameters (semen volume, concentration and motility) of the male subjects were examined at the clinic as a diagnostic screening. Multiple regression analysis using one of the semen parameters examined as dependent variable and urinary biomarkers with age, body mass index, abstinent period, alcohol drinking, smoking and consumption frequency of selected foods as independent variables. For sperm concentration, urinary mono-n-butyl phthalate was selected as a significant independent variable with positive beta, while urinary daidzein was with negative beta. Consumption frequency of coffee (negative) and fruits (positive) were also significant. For sperm motility, urinary 3-PBA was selected as significant with negative beta as well as detectability of equol and frequency of coffee consumption with negative beta while smoking was with positive beta. This pilot study suggested the pyrethroid exposure level and dietary habit (coffee and soy products) as a significant contributor to poorer semen quality. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH.

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