Sergeev V.Y.,Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University |
Kuteev B.V.,RAS Research Center Kurchatov Institute |
Bykov A.S.,Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University |
Petrov V.S.,RAS Research Center Kurchatov Institute |
And 10 more authors.
Plasma Physics Reports | Year: 2012
A concept of the divertor and the technology for organizing the edge plasma in a fusion neutron source based on a spherical tokamak (FNS-ST) are described. The experimental data on the characteristics of the peripheral plasma in modern tokamaks are extrapolated to the FNS-ST conditions with the help of semi-analytical models. The effects depending on the magnetic configuration and on the geometry and materials of the divertor and the first-wall elements are considered. Possible designs of the FNS-ST divertor and the first wall are described. Using an original model, it is shown that the maximum density of the heat flux at the divertor plates in a double-null magnetic configuration does not exceed 5-6 MW/m 2, which complies with modern engineering capabilities. Methods for further improvement of the FNS-ST divertor concept are analyzed. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Tokamak Solutions | Date: 2011-05-26
A compact nuclear fusion reactor for use as a neutron source is described. The reactor comprises a toroidal plasma chamber (
Gryaznevich M.P.,Tokamak Solutions
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2012
The use of fusion devices as powerful neutron sources has been discussed for decades. Whereas the successful route to a commercial fusion power reactor demands steady state stable operation combined with the high efficiency required to make electricity production economic, the alternative approach to advancing the use of fusion is free of many of complications connected with the requirements for economic power generation and uses the already achieved knowledge of Fusion physics and developed Fusion technologies. "Fusion for Neutrons" (F4N), has now been re-visited, inspired by recent progress achieved on comparably compact fusion devices, based on the Spherical Tokamak (ST) concept. Freed from the requirement to produce much more electricity than used to drive it, a fusion neutron source could be efficiently used for many commercial applications, and also to support the goal of producing energy by nuclear power. The possibility to use a small or medium size ST as a powerful or intense steady-state fusion neutron source (FNS) is discussed in this paper in comparison with the use of traditional high aspect ratio tokamaks. An overview of various conceptual designs of compact fusion neutron sources based on the ST concept is given and they are compared with a recently proposed Super Compact Fusion Neutron Source (SCFNS), with major radius as low as 0.5 metres but still able to produce several MW of neutrons in a steady-state regime. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
Tokamak Solutions | Date: 2012-08-24
An efficient compact nuclear fusion reactor for use as a neutron source or energy source is described. The reactor comprises a toroidal plasma chamber and a plasma confinement system arranged to generate a magnetic field for confining a plasma in the chamber. The plasma confinement system is configured so that a major radius of the confined plasma is 1.5 m or less. The reactor is constructed using high temperature superconducting toroidal magnets, which may be operated at low temperature (77K or lower) to provide enhanced performance. The toroidal magnetic field can be increased to 5 T or more giving significant increases in fusion output, so that neutron output is very efficient and the reactor can produce a net output of energy.