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Satsumasendai, Japan

Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University is a private university in Sendai, Miyagi, Japan, established in 1999. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1978. Wikipedia.

Taniguchi Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan University | Shinkai S.,Tokyo Metropolitan University | Nishi M.,Tokyo Metropolitan University | Murayama H.,Tokyo Metropolitan University | And 3 more authors.
Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Micronutrients are associated with dementia and cognitive decline among older adults. However, nutritional biomarkers of such decline have not been identified. We attempted to identify nutritional biomarkers that were independent risk markers of cognitive decline in a population of older Japanese. Methods: Among 873 cognitively intact adults aged 70 years or older at baseline, 682 (mean age [standard deviation], 75.5 [4.4] years; women 59.7%) were followed for a period of up to 4 years, and nutritional biomarkers in a blood panel were assessed, namely, red blood cell count, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, hemoglobin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hemoglobin A1c, creatinine, albumin, blood glucose, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, triglyceride, and white blood cell count. Cognition was assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination, and cognitive decline was defined as a decrease of at least three points on the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results: During an average follow-up of 2.7 years, 115 adults (16.9%) developed cognitive decline. After controlling for important confounders, the odds ratios for cognitive decline in the lowest and middle tertiles of red blood cell count were 2.62 (95% confidence interval: 1.44-4.74) and 2.18 (1.20-3.96), respectively, as compared with the highest tertile. The corresponding odds ratios were 1.81 (1.05-3.22) and 1.03 (0.58-1.83), respectively, for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and 2.06 (1.14-3.77) and 1.02 (0.54-1.94) for albumin. Conclusions: Low red blood cell count, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and albumin were independent risk markers for subsequent cognitive decline in a general population of older adults and may be useful in early clinical screening. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. Source

Daido R.,Tohoku University | Ito M.,Tohoku Institute of Technology | Makino S.,Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University | Ito A.,Tohoku University
Computer Speech and Language | Year: 2014

Evaluation of singing skill is a popular function of karaoke machines. Here, we introduce a different aspect of evaluating the singing voice of an amateur singer: "singing enthusiasm". First, we investigated whether human listeners can evaluate singing enthusiasm consistently and whether the listener's perception matches the singer's intended enthusiasm. We then identified three acoustic features relevant to the perception of singing enthusiasm: A-weighted power, "fall-down", and vibrato extent. Finally, we developed a method for combining the selected three features to estimate the value of singing enthusiasm, and obtained a correlation coefficient of 0.65 between the estimated value and human evaluation. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Honda H.,Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to clarify relationships between participation in community activities and psychosocial and physical health of community-dwelling elderly. The participants of the present study were 413 people selected on the basis of a random 1/3 extraction of people aged 65 or older and living in a rural community in Miyagi prefecture. The baseline survey was conducted in February 2008. One year later, we conducted a follow-up survey to clarify how participation in community activities influenced the elderly. Finally, we analyzed data for 218 people, focusing on influences on psychosocial and physical health using the logistic regression model. The state of community activity was treated as a dependent variable, and mental and physical health indicators were assessed as the independent variables. Of the elderly sample, 63 persons were found to be frequent participants in community activities, 60 were infrequent participants, and 95 did not participate. The frequently participating individuals displayed significantly better results for declines in depression (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.13-0.89), and social participation (OR = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.05-0.29), as well as the TMIG index of competence (OR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.08-0.78) as compared with those who did not participate. These results suggest that community activities prevent deterioration of mental health, improve social health, and maintain higher-level functional capacity among community-dwelling elderly individuals. Source

Satoh Y.,University of Tokyo | Sato H.,University of Tokyo | Kunitomo H.,University of Tokyo | Fei X.,Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Neuroscience | Year: 2014

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans changes its chemotaxis to NaCl depending on previous experience. At the behavioral level, this chemotactic plasticity is generated by reversing the elementary behaviors for chemotaxis, klinotaxis, and klinokinesis. Here, we report that bidirectional klinotaxis is achieved by the proper use of at least two different neural subcircuits. We simulated an NaCl concentration change by activating an NaCl-sensitive chemosensory neuron in phase with head swing and successfully induced klinotaxis-like curving. The curving direction reversed depending on preconditioning, which was consistent with klinotaxis plasticity under a real concentration gradient. Cell-specific ablation and activation of downstream interneurons revealed that ASER-evoked curving toward lower concentration was mediated by AIY interneurons, whereas curving to the opposite direction was not. These results suggest that the experience-dependent bidirectionality of klinotaxis is generated by a switch between different neural subcircuits downstream of the chemosensory neuron. © 2014 the authors. Source

Suzuki M.,Teikyo University | Hashimoto S.,National Sendai Medical Center | Kano S.,Tohoku University | Okitsu T.,Tohoku Bunka Gakuen University
Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology | Year: 2010

Objectives: The criteria have not yet been established for identifying the configuration of a pure tone audiogram constituting abnormal results that warrant further investigation. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of acoustic neuroma associated with each configuration of the pure tone audiogram in patients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of 500 patients 15 years of age or older who had asymmetric SNHL and had undergone magnetic resonance imaging. Results: The prevalence of acoustic neuroma in these patients was 2.6% (13 of 500). The prevalence of acoustic neuroma in each audiometric configuration was as follows: 7.1% (3 of 42) for a basin-shaped loss (odds ratio [OR] versus overall prevalence, 2.88; p = 0.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 10.54), 4.7% (5 of 107) for a flat loss, 3.4% (2 of 58) for total deafness, 2.9% (1 of 34) for a high-frequency sloping audiogram, and 2.5% (2 of 81) for a high-frequency steep audiogram. The prevalence in patients with nonimproving idiopathic sudden deafness was 8.1% (OR, 3.29; p = 0.06; 95% CI, 1.13 to 9.55). Conclusions: In conclusion, 2.9% to 8.1% of patients with a characteristic configuration of the pure tone audiogram and symptoms of nonimproving or progressive idiopathic sudden deafness may have acoustic neuroma. © 2010 Annals Publishing Company. All rights reserved. Source

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